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Kazemi, A., Andersson, T., Elfstrand Corlin, T., Tengblad, S. & Wickelgren, M. (2024). How You Appraise Your Relationship With Your Colleagues Matters, but Not as Much as How You Appraise Your Relationship With Your Manager: Predicting Employee Job Satisfaction and Commitment. Psychology of Leaders and Leadership
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How You Appraise Your Relationship With Your Colleagues Matters, but Not as Much as How You Appraise Your Relationship With Your Manager: Predicting Employee Job Satisfaction and Commitment
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2024 (English)In: Psychology of Leaders and Leadership, ISSN 2769-6863Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Leader-member exchange (LMX) is the foremost relational approach to leadership. Building upon the LMX theory, this study aimed to examine the associations between three types of relationship appraisals in the workplace: leader-member (leader LMX), member-leader (member LMX), and member-member relationships (collegial climate), and their impact on employee work attitudes (i.e., employee job satisfaction and commitment). Questionnaire data were obtained from a sample of retail managers (n = 113) and retail workers (n = 555) in the Swedish retail sector. Mediation analyses confirmed the novel hypotheses that member LMX and collegial climate fully mediate the association between leader LMX and employee job satisfaction. However, in predicting employee commitment, the only significant mediator was member LMX. This study not only contributes to the existing LMX theory and research but also adds to the expanding body of knowledge in the field of positive organizational scholarship exploring the significance of positive workplace relationships in shaping employee attitudes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Psychological Association (APA), 2024
Keywords
leader-member exchange, job satisfaction, organizational commitment, collegial climate, positive organizational scholarship
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Followership and Organizational Resilience
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-23631 (URN)10.1037/mgr0000154 (DOI)001155170300001 ()
Note

Kazemi, Ali (corresponding author). E-mail Addresses ali.kazemi@hv.se

Available from: 2024-02-23 Created: 2024-02-23 Last updated: 2024-04-15Bibliographically approved
Roos, J. M. & Kazemi, A. (2022). The five factor model of personality as predictor of online shopping: Analyzing data from a large representative sample of Swedish internet users. Cogent Psychology, 9(1), Article ID 2024640.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The five factor model of personality as predictor of online shopping: Analyzing data from a large representative sample of Swedish internet users
2022 (English)In: Cogent Psychology, E-ISSN 2331-1908, Vol. 9, no 1, article id 2024640Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Using a large representative sample of the Swedish population, the present study aimed to explore the relationship between the Five Factor Model (FFM) of personality and frequency of online shopping. On three different occasions, surveys were sent out to 9,000 Swedish residents using a systematic random sampling procedure. In total, 5,238 individuals responded to the survey which, inter alia, included measures of the FFM of personality (i.e., HP5i, 15 items) and online shopping. A confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the construct validity of the HP5i. To examine whether and to what extent the FFM predicted self-reported frequency of online shopping, a hierarchical regression analysis was conducted in which gender and age were used as control variables. Our findings indicated that online shopping was positively associated with Openness to experience (i.e., openness to feelings) and Extraversion (i.e., hedonic capacity), and negatively associated with Conscientiousness (i.e., a high degree of impulsiveness). These results suggest that online shoppers are affective, hedonic, and impulsive; that is, characteristics that contrast with the classical view of online shoppers as cognitive, utilitarian, and goal-directed. We argue that these results, alongside the use of a large representative sample and frequency of online purchase, are a needed addition to previous research as previous research studies mainly have focused on the intention or motivation to online shopping using smaller non-representative samples. Implications for online retailers and society as well as directions for future research are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2022
Keywords
personality, five factor model, FFM, HP5i, online buying, online shopping, hedonic, utilitarian, goal-directed, experiential
National Category
Social Psychology Business Administration Psychology
Research subject
Research on Citizen Centered Health, University of Skövde (Reacch US)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-21783 (URN)10.1080/23311908.2021.2024640 (DOI)000757632700001 ()2-s2.0-85125736442 (Scopus ID)
Note

CC BY 4.0

Corresponding author: John Magnus Roos, magnus.roos@cfk.gu.se

We would like to thank Stefan Sönnerhed for English language editing. Thanks are also due to Dr. Krister Johannesson and Henrik Levin at the library of University of Skövde for helping us to conduct systematic database searches on FFM of personality and online shopping and to Björn Persson at Swedish Prison and Probation Service for assistance with the statistical package R. Furthermore, we would like to thank the SOM Institute at University of Gothenburg and the Swedish National Data Service for providing access to the data.

The authors received no direct funding for this research.

Available from: 2022-09-08 Created: 2022-09-08 Last updated: 2024-01-08
Roos, J. M. & Kazemi, A. (2021). Personality traits and Internet usage across generation cohorts: Insights from a nationally representative study. Current Psychology, 40(3), 1287-1297
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Personality traits and Internet usage across generation cohorts: Insights from a nationally representative study
2021 (English)In: Current Psychology, ISSN 1046-1310, E-ISSN 1936-4733, Vol. 40, no 3, p. 1287-1297Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Studies examining the relationship between personality and Internet usage have usually used small and non-representative samples. In the present study, we examine the relationship between the Five Factor Model of Personality and Internet usage in a large nationally representative Swedish sample (N = 1694). Neuroticism was negatively associated with overall Internet usage, whereas extraversion and openness to experience were shown to be positively associated with overall Internet usage. However, exploring these associations across categories of Internet usage and generation cohorts revealed some other interesting patterns. Specifically, neuroticism was negatively associated with using the Internet for activities relating to information and duties but not for leisure and social activities. Extraversion was positively associated with using the Internet for leisure and social activities among DotNets (born 1977–1999), whereas among Dutifuls (born 1910–1945) and Baby Boomers (born 1946–1964) extraversion was positively associated with using the Internet for information and duty activities. Openness to experience was positively associated with Internet usage but only among Baby Boomers. Conscientiousness was a significant predictor of Internet usage only for DotNets and GenXers (born 1965–1976). In these cohorts, conscientiousness was positively associated with using the Internet for information and duty activities but negatively associated with using the Internet for leisure and social activities. Apparently, understanding the relationship between personality and Internet usage is not possible without considering the modifying role of categories of Internet usage and generation cohorts. The implications of the results for theory and practice are discussed in detail.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2021
Keywords
Internet usage, Personality, Traits, Generation cohorts
National Category
Social Psychology Information Studies Psychology
Research subject
Individual and Society VIDSOC
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16400 (URN)10.1007/s12144-018-0033-2 (DOI)000621013400031 ()2-s2.0-85056727475 (Scopus ID)
Note

CC BY 4.0

Available from: 2018-11-15 Created: 2018-11-15 Last updated: 2022-09-09
Kazemi, A. & Törnblom, K. (Eds.). (2018). Social Justice Research. Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social Justice Research
2018 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
Series
Social Justice Research, ISSN 0885-7466 ; Vol. 31(1)
National Category
Social Sciences Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Humanities and Social sciences; Individual and Society VIDSOC
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-19593 (URN)
Available from: 2021-04-06 Created: 2021-04-06 Last updated: 2021-04-06Bibliographically approved
Kazemi, A. & Törnblom, K. (Eds.). (2018). Social Justice Research. Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social Justice Research
2018 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
Series
Social Justice Research, ISSN 0885-7466 ; Vol. 31(2)
National Category
Social Sciences Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Humanities and Social sciences; Individual and Society VIDSOC
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-19598 (URN)
Available from: 2021-04-08 Created: 2021-04-08 Last updated: 2021-04-08Bibliographically approved
Kazemi, A. & Törnblom, K. (Eds.). (2018). Social Justice Research. Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social Justice Research
2018 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
Series
Social Justice Research, ISSN 0885-7466 ; Vol. 31(3)
National Category
Social Sciences Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Humanities and Social sciences; Individual and Society VIDSOC
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-19601 (URN)
Available from: 2021-04-09 Created: 2021-04-09 Last updated: 2021-04-09Bibliographically approved
Kazemi, A. & Törnblom, K. (Eds.). (2018). Social Justice Research. Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social Justice Research
2018 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
Series
Social Justice Research, ISSN 0885-7466 ; Vol. 31(4)
National Category
Social Sciences Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Humanities and Social sciences; Individual and Society VIDSOC
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-19602 (URN)
Available from: 2021-04-09 Created: 2021-04-09 Last updated: 2021-04-09Bibliographically approved
Dorsch, M. J., Törnblom, K. Y. & Kazemi, A. (2017). A Review of Resource Theories and Their Implications for Understanding Consumer Behavior. Journal of the Association for Consumer Research, 2(1), 5-25
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Review of Resource Theories and Their Implications for Understanding Consumer Behavior
2017 (English)In: Journal of the Association for Consumer Research, ISSN 2378-1815, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 5-25Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The shift to consumer-centric marketing accentuates the need for a more comprehensive understanding of consumer desires, including how consumers manage their resources to satisfy these desires. However, the complexity of the resource concept combined with a fragmented research stream thus far provides a limited understanding of consumer resources and their effect on consumer well-being. The purpose of this article is to encourage continued research into consumer resources, including resource exchange, to gain a more complete understanding of the concept and to facilitate the development of a unified theory of consumer resources. To accomplish our objective, resource theories proposed in different disciplines (economics, management/marketing, psychology, and social psychology) are summarized and used to provide research direction into a wide variety of consumer behavior issues related to consumer resource management and resource exchange behavior.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
University of Chicago Press, 2017
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology) Social Psychology
Research subject
Individual and Society VIDSOC
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-13378 (URN)10.1086/688860 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-02-10 Created: 2017-02-10 Last updated: 2019-09-13Bibliographically approved
Elfstrand Corlin, T. & Kazemi, A. (2017). Accounting for job satisfaction: Examining the interplay of person and situation. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 58(5), 436-442
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Accounting for job satisfaction: Examining the interplay of person and situation
2017 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 58, no 5, p. 436-442Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the present study, we investigate the interplay of personality traits (i.e., person) in frontline care staff in nursing homes and the way they relate to the residents (i.e., situation) to account for their job satisfaction. Participants completed a survey including Mini-IPIP tapping the five-factor model of personality, Individualized Care Inventory tapping four aspects of person-centered care and job satisfaction. The results revealed that staff scoring high on neuroticism experienced less job satisfaction. This relationship was partly accounted for by resident autonomy, suggesting that part of the adverse influence of neuroticism on job satisfaction may be mitigated by organizations providing a supportive care environment. In contrast, staff scoring high on agreeableness experienced higher job satisfaction. This relationship was accounted for by another aspect of person-centered care, that is, knowing the person. This suggests that agreeableness in a sense facilitated adjustment of acts of care toward the unique needs and preferences of residents and this partly explained why the more agreeable the staff was the more they felt satisfied at work. In sum, effects of personality traits on job satisfaction in care staff are partially mediated by the perception of working conditions and care policy and to the extent that a certain personality trait affects whether the staff have a positive or negative perception of the way they relate to the residents, they will experience, respectively, higher or a lower job satisfaction. This finding has implications for how to combine a focus on delivering person-centered care with improving personal job satisfaction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd., 2017
Keywords
Job satisfaction, Big Five, personality, person-centered care, individualized care
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology) Social Psychology
Research subject
Individual and Society VIDSOC
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14093 (URN)10.1111/sjop.12384 (DOI)000417415300011 ()28833208 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85027702179 (Scopus ID)
Note

© 2017 Scandinavian Psychological Associations and John Wiley & Sons Ltd

Available from: 2017-09-07 Created: 2017-09-07 Last updated: 2021-01-12Bibliographically approved
Kazemi, A. (2017). Conceptualizing and measuring occupational social well-being: a validation study. International Journal of Organizational Analysis, 25(1), 45-61
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conceptualizing and measuring occupational social well-being: a validation study
2017 (English)In: International Journal of Organizational Analysis, ISSN 1934-8835, E-ISSN 1758-8561, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 45-61Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The current conceptualizations and measurements of well-being are inadequate in the context of work. Specifically, well-being research has neglected the social aspects of well-being. Therefore, the present study aims to investigate the validity of a multi-dimensional view of occupational social well-being. Design/methodology/approach: Data were collected in an educational setting, i.e. six different schools in a Swedish municipality. A total of 314 teachers and other categories of school staff (239 females and 75 males) participated in a survey study. Findings: Results provided empirical support for a multi-dimensional view of occupational social well-being. The dimensions were integration, acceptance, contribution, actualization and coherence, and they were differentially correlated with previous measures of well-being. Furthermore, occupational social well-being accounted for additional variance in work tension, overall job satisfaction and organizational commitment over and above the variance accounted for by positive and negative affect and satisfaction with life, indicating the value of taking domain-specific social indicators of well-being into account in explaining various employee outcomes. Practical implications: Occupational social well-being is an umbrella term for describing the well-lived social life in the context of work. As such, this is a crucial part of a holistic view of well-being at work. Thus, effective employee well-being enhancement programs should not only focus on physical and mental health promotion or competence development but must also include measures of relational experience and functioning as discussed in the present study. Originality/value: This is the first study to measure and validate occupational social well-being as an attempt to complement existing measures of subjective and psychological well-being. Measures of social aspects of well-being are crucial to assess as it has been argued in previous research that context-free measures of well-being might render misleading results.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Publishing Limited, 2017
Keywords
Sweden, Validation, Well-being, School, Social well-being, Occupational health, Occupational psychology
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology) Social Psychology
Research subject
Individual and Society VIDSOC
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:his:diva-13450 (URN)10.1108/IJOA-07-2015-0889 (DOI)000399072700003 ()2-s2.0-85015778467 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-03-24 Created: 2017-03-24 Last updated: 2019-11-21Bibliographically approved
Projects
Organizing for Quality and Performance in the Swedish Elderly Care: A Shift in Focus from What to How [2012-01200_Forte]; University of Skövde
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-7164-0433

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