his.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
196197198199200201202 9901 - 9950 of 10586
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 9901.
    van den Brink, Miranda
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Dialogue Interfaces in CRPGs: A Comparative Study2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis was to find whether the abstraction of dialogue responses in computerized role-playing games could affect role-players’ immersion, PC control, and the meaningfulness of play. Two versions of the same role-playing scenario were created and tested by a group of eight players who all had role-played previously. Though results show that both interfaces come with pros and cons neither interface was found to be superior for role-playing. Rather it was a question of players favoring different ways of being presented with information. A more extensive study with more respondents is necessary to find out if role-players in general prefer either.

  • 9902.
    van den Broeck, Adrian
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    EVP, vitt brus och skrik2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 9903.
    Van den Bussche, Karen
    et al.
    Univ Ghent, Dept Publ Hlth, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium.
    Michels, Nathalie
    Univ Ghent, Dept Publ Hlth, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium.
    Gracia-Marco, Luis
    Univ Zaragoza, Res Grp, E-50009 Zaragoza, Spain / Univ Exeter, Sch Sport & Hlth Sci, Exeter EX1 2LU, Devon, England.
    Herrmann, Diana
    BIPS Inst Epidemiol & Prevent Res, D-28359 Bremen, Germany.
    Eiben, Gabriele
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Pediat, Inst Clin Sci, Queen Silvia Childrens Hosp,Sahlgrenska Acad, S-41685 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    De Henauw, Stefaan
    Univ Ghent, Dept Publ Hlth, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium / Univ Coll Ghent, Dept Hlth Sci, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium.
    Sioen, Isabelle
    Univ Ghent, Dept Publ Hlth, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium / Res Fdn Flanders, FWO, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium.
    Influence of Birth Weight on Calcaneal Bone Stiffness in Belgian Preadolescent Children2012In: Calcified Tissue International, ISSN 0171-967X, E-ISSN 1432-0827, Vol. 91, no 4, p. 267-275Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between birth weight and calcaneal bone stiffness in a large sample of Belgian, healthy, preadolescent children. Participants were 827 children (3.6-11.2 years, 51.6 % boys) from the Belgian cohort of the IDEFICS study. Birth weight was obtained using a parental questionnaire, and quantitative ultrasound (QUS) measurements were performed to determine calcaneal broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA), speed of sound (SOS), and stiffness index (SI) using the Lunar Achilles device. Average birth weights were 3435.7 +/- A 512.0 g for boys and 3256.9 +/- A 471.1 g for girls. Average calcaneal QUS measurements were 89.6 +/- A 24.0 (23.3-153.9) dB/MHz for BUA, 1621.4 +/- A 49.6 (1516.3-1776.5) m/s for SOS, and 92.8 +/- A 15.6 (49.0-163.0) for SI. Birth weight was positively associated with BUA (r = 0.13, p = 0.002) and SOS (r = -0.16, p < 0.001). The associations remained after correcting for age and sex in multiple regression analyses but disappeared after correcting for anthropometric covariates. Our findings suggest that birth weight, as a rough proxy indicator for genetic and environmental influences during intrauterine life, is associated with BUA and SOS in preadolescent children and may therefore influence the risk of osteoporosis later in life. Further studies using QUS are needed to investigate the consistency of the results of this study.

  • 9904. van der Linden, Frank
    et al.
    Lundell, Björn
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Open Source Software and Product Lines 20072007In: Open Source Development, Adoption and Innovation, Springer, 2007, p. 375-376Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Embedded industries have invested a lot in the introduction of software product lines in their software development. In addition, using open source software appears to be a profitable way to obtain good software. This is also applicable for organizations doing product line engineering. On the other hand, because of the diverse use of open source software, product line development is an attractive way of working in open source communities. In fact, the configuration mechanisms used in open source communities may be applicable within software product lines as well. In addition, product line organisations are usually involved in distributed development, which works very efficiently within open source communities. However, at present, there is limited interaction between the open source and product line development communities. The aim for the workshop is to explore what the two communities can learn from each other and to develop a better understanding of how the two communities can benefit from each other. The workshop deals with the following issues:

    –  Community: Ownership, control and management of product line assets in an open source community –  Visibility of the code: when it is valuable to share proprietary code and how to take the right decision. –  Architecture Views: Creation of different levels of architecture visibility: proprietary, among closed consortium, public. Is this possible? –  Product line requirements roadmaps and planning in open source development –  Variability management: Using the open source community to evolve components and being explicit about variability –  Variability representation: in an open source community –  Deployment: Open source for the platform and in applications –  Heterogeneous processes: Cohabitation of product line management and agile processes –  Tools: Open source asset management tools in product line development –  Domain and application engineering and their meaning in an open source context –  Recovery and recognition of a product line in an open source asset base –  Legal: Aspects dealing with evolutionary, variability or distribution of development relating to legal risks involving: liability, warranties, patent infringements etc.

  • 9905. van der Linden, Frank
    et al.
    Lundell, BjörnUniversity of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Open Source Software and Product Lines 2007: OSSPL07, June 14 2007, Limerick, Ireland2007Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 9906. van der Linden, Frank
    et al.
    Lundell, BjörnUniversity of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Proceedings on the Third International Workshop on Open Source Software and Product Lines: OSSPL07 Asia, September 10, Kyoto, Japan2007Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 9907.
    van der Linden, Frank
    et al.
    Philips Healthcare.
    Lundell, Björn
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Marttiin, Pentti
    Nokia Siemens Networks.
    Commodification of Industrial Software: A Case for Open Software2009In: IEEE Software, ISSN 0740-7459, E-ISSN 1937-4194, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 77-83Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 9908. Van der Moeren, Maaike
    et al.
    Willemsen, Leen
    Hellström Muhli, Ulla
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Accounts of School Nursing2008In: Vård i Norden, ISSN 0107-4083, E-ISSN 1890-4238, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 45-47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to describe student’s accounts of school nursing and nursing activities. A purposive sample of nine informants was used, spanning students from two different schools aged between 17 and 19 years. Four  categories with sub categories emerged. (i) The students express emotions of being fond of the school nurse, but expect more caring attitudes from her (ii) The school nurse is seen as a good resource; however, the students’ confidence is partial. (iii) Reasons for consulting are mostly physical problems, despite psychological caring needs and (iv) SNHC activities are seen as useful, although too basic. These data expose a caring dilemma between the student’s needs and the professional/institutional achievements.

  • 9909.
    van Laere, Joeri
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Challenges for IF performance evaluation in practice2009In: Information Fusion, 2009. FUSION '09. 12th International Conference on, IEEE conference proceedings, 2009, p. 866-873Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study presents a literature analysis of 52 publications on the topic of information fusion performance evaluation. The aim is to identify whether information fusion researchers are aware of the problematic nature of performance evaluation in practice, which is substantially different from performance evaluation in test environments. As expected, only 6% of the publications do actually report on studies conducted in practice, and therefore more such studies are needed. However, 58% of the publications do critically reflect on the problematic nature of performance evaluation in practice. As ground truth is lacking in practice, there is a need for (a set of) performance measures which are both comprehensive and adaptable to domain or situation context and changing circumstances over time. More studies need to address the overall question how multiple performance measures can function in concert and how exactly can be judged whether adaptation has been an improvement or not.

  • 9910.
    van Laere, Joeri
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Wandering Through Crisis and Everyday Organizing; Revealing the Subjective Nature of Interpretive, Temporal and Organizational Boundaries2013In: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 17-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The results of a 6-year action research study on developing crisis management preparedness in Swedish municipalities reveal strong connections rather than sharp distinctions between crisis and non-crisis on interpretive, temporal and organizational dimensions. Confusion and debate about what is labelled as a crisis, when everyday ends and crisis begins, and who and who are not involved, may illuminate different views on what the scale, scope and inherent complexity of our' system is in crisis and in non-crisis. Crises are not only a brutal audit for the practitioners involved, but also for the scientific theories that explain crisis behaviour. Current definitions of crisis understate the subjective nature of interpretations of crisis and organizing. To better understand the muddiness of organizing, crisis management researchers might aim for portraying more feed-forward messiness in crisis study descriptions and applying less hindsight bias in their analyses. Such images could help practitioners realize that organizing is more complex and less controllable than currently might be pictured and assumed. A deeper exploration of concepts like duality, competing values and complex adaptive systems could serve both practitioners and researchers.

  • 9911.
    van Laere, Joeri
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Aggestam, Lena
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Understanding champion behaviour in a health-care information system development project – how multiple champions and champion behaviours build a coherent whole2016In: European Journal of Information Systems, ISSN 0960-085X, E-ISSN 1476-9344, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 47-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Champions are commonly suggested as a means of promoting the adoption of information systems. Since there are many different definitions of the concepts of champion and champion behaviour in the literature, practitioners and researchers may be confused about how to exactly use these concepts. A qualitative analysis of a single case study in a Swedish health-care organisation enabled us to explain how different champion behaviours relate to each other and how multiple champions interact. Combining our rich case observations with an analysis of champion literature reveals how champion behaviours form a coherent and meaningful whole in which networks of different types of champions at different levels in an organisation utilise their network of relations, their knowledge of the organisation and their insight into strategic decision-making politics to time and orchestrate the framing of innovations and the involvement of the right people. In conclusion, championing is a complex performance of contextually dependent collective social interaction, varying over time, rather than a heroic act of one individual promoting an idea. Future studies need to focus more on how the relations between different champions and their behaviours develop across innovations and over time, in order to develop a richer understanding of championing.

  • 9912.
    van Laere, Joeri
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Berggren, Peter
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Gustavsson, Per
    Combitech, Sweden.
    Ibrahim, Osama
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Johansson, Björn
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Larsson, Aron
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för informations- och kommunikationssystem.
    Lindqwister, Towe
    Combitech, Sweden.
    Olsson, Leif
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för informations- och kommunikationssystem.
    Wiberg, Christer
    Combitech, Sweden.
    Challenges for critical infrastructure resilience: cascading effects of payment system disruptions2017In: / [ed] Tina Comes, Frédérick Bénaben, Chihab Hanachi, Matthieu Lauras, Aurélie Montarnal, ISCRAM, 2017, Vol. 14, p. 281-292, article id 1464Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Critical infrastructures become more and more entangled and rely extensively on information technology. Adeeper insight into the relationships between critical infrastructures enables the actors involved to more quicklyunderstand the severity of information technology disruptions and to identify robust cross-functional mitigatingactions. This study illustrates how and why disruptions in the payment system in Sweden could create cascadingeffects in other critical infrastructures with potentially severe consequences for many citizens, governmentinstitutions and companies. Data from document studies, interviews and workshops with field experts revealseven challenges for collective cross-functional critical infrastructure resilience that need to be dealt with: 1)Shortage of food, fuel, cash, medicine; 2) Limited capacity of alternative payment solutions; 3) Cities are morevulnerable than the countryside; 4) Economically vulnerable groups in society are more severely affected; 5)Trust maintenance needs; 6) Crisis communication needs; 7) Fragmentation of responsibility for criticalinfrastructures across many actors.

  • 9913.
    van Laere, Joeri
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Berggren, Peter
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Ibrahim, Osama
    Stockholm University, Kista, Sweden.
    Larsson, Aron
    Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Kallin, Susanne
    Combitech AB, Sundbyberg, Sweden.
    A simulation-game to explore collective critical infrastructure resilience2018In: Safety and Reliability – Safe Societies in a Changing World: Proceedings of ESREL 2018, June 17-21, 2018, Trondheim, Norway / [ed] S. Haugen, A. Barros, C. van Gulijk, T. Kongsvik, J. Vinnem, London: CRC Press, 2018, p. 1305-1312, article id 688Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Resilience of interdependent infrastructures increasingly depends on collaborative responses from actors with diverse backgrounds that may not be familiar with cascade effects into areas beyond their own sector. A simulation-game can enable societal actors to obtain a deeper understanding of the interdependencies between their infrastructures and their respective crisis responses. Following a design science approach, a simulation-game has been developed that combines role-playing simulation and computer simulation. The simulation-game challenges participants to address the interaction between payment disruptions, food and fuel supply, security problems (riots, robberies) and communication challenges (preventing hoarding). A number of crucial design choices were handled while developing the simulation-game. The main design challenges were: How to validate an unthinkable escalation scenario?; How to give the simulation a sufficient level of detail on all aspects and keep the complexity graspable so it can be played instantly?; and How much time should each playing round take?

  • 9914.
    van Laere, Joeri
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    De Vreede, G. J.
    Department of Information Systems and Quantitative Analysis, University of Nebraska at Omaha, 1110 South 67th Street, Omaha, NE, 68182, United States / Faculty of Technology, Policy and Management, University of Delft, PO Box 5015, 2600 GA Delft, Netherlands.
    Sol, H. G.
    Faculty of Technology, Policy and Management, University of Delft, PO Box 5015, 2600 GA Delft, Netherlands / Faculty of Management and Organisation, University of Groningen, PO Box 800, 9700 AV, Groningen, Netherlands.
    A social simulation game to explore future coordination in knowledge networks at the Amsterdam Police Force2006In: Production planning & control (Print), ISSN 0953-7287, E-ISSN 1366-5871, Vol. 17, no 6, p. 558-568Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The 32 autonomous neighbourhood teams of the Amsterdam Police Force need to utilise each other's knowledge and expertise to deal with the variety and complexity of their daily work assignments. However, despite the creation of organisation wide knowledge networks, communication, co-ordination and knowledge sharing between the neighbourhood teams is disappointing. We conducted an action research to investigate how co-ordination in the knowledge networks could be improved with the help of information and communication technologies (ICTs). This article reflects on the choice of co-ordination perspectives and modelling techniques. The above problem is conceptualised and made operational in different ways in research on network co-ordination, knowledge co-ordination and co-ordination of distributed work. The article demonstrates how our initial focus on capturing quantitative measures of the co-ordination problem in a computer simulation was problematic in this case. Instead a social simulation-game that focused on the qualitative issues of this co-ordination problem was developed and played. We conclude that the choice of theoretical perspectives and modelling techniques strongly affected the results of both phases of our action research. Furthermore the article argues that more attention to qualitative issues in co-ordination is required to better understand the impact of ICT-support on co-ordination.

  • 9915.
    van Laere, Joeri
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    de Vreede, Gert Jan
    University of Nebraska, Omaha, USA.
    Sol, H.
    University of Groningen, Netherlands.
    Developing paradoxical guidelines for communities of practice in organizations2006In: Proceedings of the 14th European Conference on Information Systems, ECIS 2006, Association for Information Systems, 2006, article id 159Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 9916.
    van Laere, Joeri
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    de Vreede, Gert Jan
    University of Nebraska, Omaha, AR, United States.
    Sol, Henk G.
    Universities of Groningen and Delft, Netherlands.
    Designing simulation-games for organizational prototyping2006In: Advances in Information Systems Development: Bridging the Gap between Academia and Industry: Volume 1 / [ed] Anders G. Nilsson, Remigijus Gustas, Wita Wojtkowski, W. Gregory Wojtkowski, Stanisław Wrycza, Jože Zupančič, Springer, 2006, Vol. 1, p. 373-385Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ICT provide opportunities to improve organizational performance. However, many organizations still struggle with integrating new organizational structures, new work practices and ICT, because information systems (and other tools) that support organizational work processes are embedded in the existing culture and work practices. The adoption of ICT by an organization is a complex interaction between task-, technology-, group internal system-, and organizational context factors. Organizational prototyping helps to develop ‘embedded’ information systems. It involves managing a dual process of both adapting the tool to the organization and adapting the work practice to conditions of the tool. In an action research study at the Amsterdam Police Force we developed two simulation-games that served as ‘organizational prototypes’ and supported the analysis and improvement of coordination practices and the integration of (new) ICT in these coordination practices. The first game has been played 9 20 times with 8-15 policemen; the second game has been played 2 times with a similar number of policemen. In this paper we reflect on the design of the games. We explain how and why we have dealt with issues like for instance complexity of the game, number of players, degree of realism, amount of time for reflection, time pressure, et cetera. Next we show the impact of these design choices for the game execution and game results. Finding the right balance between realism/validity on one hand and not too much complexity on the other hand proofs to be the major design challenge. Furthermore some surprising results were that distributed work can perfectly be simulated in one location, that computer support does not distract from learning objectives when the technology functions properly, and that time constraints may inhibit learning.

  • 9917.
    van Laere, Joeri
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Ibrahim, Osama
    Stockholm University.
    Larsson, Aron
    Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall.
    Olsson, Leif
    Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall.
    Johansson, Björn
    Linköping University.
    Gustavsson, Per
    Combitech AB, Skövde.
    Analyzing the Implications of Design Choices in Existing Simulation-Games for Critical Infrastructure Resilience2018In: Simulation Gaming: Applications for Sustainable Cities and Smart Infrastructures: 48th International Simulation and GamingAssociation Conference, ISAGA 2017Delft, The Netherlands, July 10–14, 2017Revised Selected Papers / [ed] Heide Karen Lukosch, Geertje Bekebrede, Rens Kortmann, Cham: Springer, 2018, Vol. 10825, p. 15-23Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A literature study has identified the major impacts of importantdesign choices in simulation models and simulation-games that model criticalinfrastructure resilience. The four major groups of design choices discussed inthis article are: (1) the chosen learning goal (system understanding or collaborationtraining), (2) realism and time scale of the scenario, (3) design of playerroles and communication rules, (4) number of action alternatives, replay-abilityand richness of performance feedback while playing. Researchers and practitionerswho build simulation-games for studying critical infrastructure resiliencecan use the accumulated insights on these four aspects to improve the quality oftheir game design and the quality of the simulation models the game participantsinteract with.

  • 9918.
    van Laere, Joeri
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Lindblom, Jessica
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Cultivating a longitudinal learning process through recurring crisis management training exercises in twelve Swedish municipalities2019In: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973, Vol. 27, no 1, p. 38-49Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study illustrates how crisis management capability is developed in series ofrecurring exercises, rather than in one single exercise. Over one hundred table-topand role-playing exercises were performed and evaluated in a longitudinal cross-caseaction research study in 12 Swedish municipalities. By consciously adapting trainingformats, municipalities were lead through three learning phases: obtaining roleunderstanding (phase 1: knowing what to do), developing information managementskills (phase 2: knowing how to do it), and mastering self-reflection in regular time-outs (phase 3: knowing when and why to do something). This final learning out-come, being able to concurrently execute, evaluate, and reorganize an ongoing crisismanagement performance, may be the most valuable capability of a crisis manage-ment organization when crisis strikes.

  • 9919.
    van Laere, Joeri
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Lindblom, Jessica
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Susi, Tarja
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Kommunal krisövning i teori och praktik2009Report (Other academic)
  • 9920.
    van Laere, Joeri
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Lindblom, Jessica
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Susi, Tarja
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Requirements for emergency management training from a 'passion for failures' perspective2007In: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management / [ed] B. van de Walle, P. Burghardt, and K. Niewenhuis, Brussels University Press , 2007, p. 449-456Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish municipalities are stimulated to conduct emergency management exercises in addition to developing crisis plans. These exercises tend to be grounded in an instrumental philosophy. There is too much focus on doing the exercise and too little attention for the implementation of lessons learned afterwards. A common experience is that the same 'mistakes' are discovered again and again in yearly exercises. Furthermore there is a paradoxical balance between empowering the organization in its learning process (positive feedback) and revealing the failures (negative feedback). In this paper we reflect on the learning process in a Swedish municipality in 2006 where two emergency management exercises were held and where a minor and a major crisis occured during the year. We argue that the longitudinal learning process should be the focus in stead of ad hoc exercises. In addition we develop some requirements for emergency management training from a 'passion for failures' perspective.

  • 9921.
    van Laere, Joeri
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Nilsson, Maria
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Evaluation of a workshop to capture knowledge from subject matter experts in maritime surveillance2009In: Information Fusion, 2009. FUSION '09. 12th International Conference on, IEEE conference proceedings, 2009, p. 171-178Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on a brainstorming workshop with subject matter experts that aimed at identifying potential anomalies for world wide maritime surveillance. An extensive description of the workshop process and output is presented. The evaluation consists of two parts. First, the output of the workshop is compared with the output of a similar workshop as presented in Roy [1]. Secondly, the methodological differences between capturing know-how of subject matter experts in a workshop versus observing daily work of operators, as applied in Nilsson et al [2], is discussed. The conclusions are that brainstorming workshops and field studies should be combined to compensate for their weaknesses. Also, the outcomes of both methods heavily depend on the selection of operators to be observed, respectively the selection of subject matter experts invited. A final recommendation is that multiple studies and workshops are needed until no ‘new’ anomalies are identified.

  • 9922.
    van Laere, Joeri
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Nilsson, Maria
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Ujvari, Sandor
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Hilletofth, Per
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Reflections on fusion systems requirements analysis for maintenance planning2008In: Proceedings of the 2nd Skövde Workshop on Information Fusion Topics (SWIFT 2008) / [ed] H. Boström, R. Johansson, Joeri van Laere, Skövde: University of Skövde , 2008, p. 5-8Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 9923.
    van Laere, Joeri
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Nilsson, Maria
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Ziemke, Tom
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Implications of a Weickian perspective on decision-making for information fusion research and practice2007In: 10th International Conference on Information Fusion, 2007, IEEE conference proceedings, 2007, p. 1-8Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of information fusion is to support and improve decision making. However, theories of decision making differ significantly on their view of what a good decision actually is. Hence, depending on which decision making theory one (un)consciously adopts there are different requirements for information fusion as decision support Information fusion researchers and practitioners should therefore be more explicit about their assumptions regarding decision making by carefully describing their theoretical frameworks. To illustrate this point the 'theory of sensemaking' by Karl Weick is presented as one example of a decision making theory. Major differences between decision making assumptions in that theory and assumptions common in much information fusion research are highlighted. Implications and challenges for information fusion are discussed.

  • 9924.
    van Laere, Joeri
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Vreede, Gert Jan
    Sol, Henk G.
    A coordination framework for analysis and improvement of ICT supported distributed work2005In: Proceedings of the IRIS28 / [ed] Eli Hustad, Björn E. Munkvold, Knut Rolland, Lief S. Flak, IRIS association , 2005, p. 1-19Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Information Systems and related disciplines there are numerous ways how coordination in organizations is defined and conceptualized. We argue that these disciplines and theories need to reach out to each other to develop an integrated understanding of coordination. In this paper we present a coordination framework that helps to analyze and improve coordination of distributed work from such an integrative perspective. In the framework we distinguish 4 main coordination choices for employees at the group level (concerning composition, commitment, contact and content) and 4 related coordination choices for managers at the organizational level (concerning competence, cohesiveness, connection and context). These dimensions enable us to explain why ICT both enhance and complicate coordination of distributed work. Our hypothesis is that ICT has a positive impact on the dimensions of composition and contact and a negative impact on the dimensions of commitment and content. We argue that the success or failure of ICT supported coordination largely depends on how employees and managers apply and use ICT. Consequently a neutral but critical attitude towards ICT support is needed. The validity and usefulness of the framework are shown by reflecting on its appliance in an action research study at the Amsterdam Police Force. We conclude that the coordination framework enables better understanding of coordination problems and improvements and supports a critical discussion of ICT opportunities and ICT threats. Further research will focus on the possibilities of integrating existing coordination theories and on the question how to determine when ICT benefits outweigh ICT costs.

  • 9925.
    van Meer, Floor
    et al.
    University Medical Center Utrecht, the Netherlands.
    van der Laan, Laura N.
    Tilburg University, the Netherlands.
    Eiben, Gabriele
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Lissner, Lauren
    Göteborg University, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg.
    Wolters, Maike
    Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology, Bremen, Germany.
    Rach, Stefan
    Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology, Bremen, Germany.
    Herrmann, Manfred
    University of Bremen, Germany.
    Erhard, Peter
    University of Bremen, Germany.
    Molnár, Dénés
    University Medical School of Pécs, Hungary.
    Orsi, Gergely
    University Medical School of Pécs, Hungary / MTA-PTE Clinical Neuroscience MR Research Group, Pécs, Hungary.
    Viergever, Max A.
    University Medical Center Utrecht, the Netherlands.
    Adan, Roger A.H.
    University Medical Center Utrecht, the Netherlands.
    Smeets, Paul A.M.
    University Medical Center Utrecht, the Netherlands / Division of Human Nutrition & Health, Wageningen University & Research, the Netherlands.
    Development and body mass inversely affect children's brain activation in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex during food choice2019In: NeuroImage, ISSN 1053-8119, E-ISSN 1095-9572, Vol. 201, p. 1-10, article id 116016Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Childhood obesity is a rising problem caused in part by unhealthy food choices. Food choices are based on a neural value signal encoded in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex, and self-control involves modulation of this signal by the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC). We determined the effects of development, body mass (BMI Cole score) and body mass history on the neural correlates of healthy food choice in children. 141 children (aged 10-17y) from Germany, Hungary and Sweden were scanned with fMRI while performing a food choice task. Afterwards health and taste ratings of the foods were collected. In the food choice task children were asked to consider the healthiness or tastiness of the food or to choose naturally. Overall, children made healthier choices when asked to consider healthiness. However, children who had a higher weight gain per year chose less healthy foods when considering healthiness but not when choosing naturally. Pubertal development stage correlated positively while current body mass correlated negatively with dlPFC activation when accepting foods. Pubertal development negatively and current body mass positively influenced the effect of considering healthiness on activation of brain areas involved in salience and motivation. In conclusion, children in earlier stages of pubertal development and children with a higher body weight exhibited less activation in the dlPFC, which has been implicated in self-control during food choice. Furthermore, pubertal development and body mass influenced neural responses to a health cue in areas involved in salience and motivation. Thus, these findings suggest that children in earlier stages of pubertal development, children with a higher body mass gain and children with overweight may possibly be less susceptible to healthy eating interventions that rely on self-control or that highlight health aspects of food. 

  • 9926.
    Van, Sophie
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Encouraging moral reflection in digital games: Feedback systems and their effects2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate whether some feedback systems are better at encouraging moral reflection than other in digital games. A small game was developed, which was then made into three versions, each with different feedback systems. A total of 35 people participated in the study. The results indicate that color coding the game’s options decrease the moral reflection, while some feedback in form more ambiguous text is still positively perceived.

  • 9927.
    Van, Sophie
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Spelarmotivationer och karaktärsskapande: Skillnader i karaktärsskapande2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    För att kunna anpassa ett spel så bra som möjligt för den tilltänkta målgruppen är det viktigt för speldesigners att förstå vad som motiverar spelare till att spela. Huvudsyftet med detta arbete är att undersöka hur olika spelare utformar sina rollspelskaraktärer och hur dessa spelare skiljer sig åt trots att de spelar samma spel. För att undersöka detta har testdeltagare fått skapa rollspelskaraktärer och sedan motiverat sina val. Ur studien framkom det att spelare prioriterar olika aspekter av sitt karaktärskapande samt att de inte bemödar sig med delar som de finner ointressanta. Fortsatt forskning skulle kunna titta närmare på huruvida kosmetik och immersion hör ihop med tanke på att vissa testdeltagare uppgav att immersion var en stark motivation för dem samtidigt som de inte lade något värde i de kosmetiska aspekterna.

  • 9928.
    Vanaelst, Barbara
    et al.
    Department of Public Health, Ghent University, UZ-2BlokA De Pintelaan 185, 9000, Ghent, Belgium / Research Foundation – Flanders (FWO), Egmontstraat 5, Brussels, Belgium.
    Huybrechts, Inge
    Department of Public Health, Ghent University, UZ-2BlokA De Pintelaan 185, 9000, Ghent, Belgium / Dietary Exposure Assessment Group, International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Lyon, France.
    De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse
    Department of Movement and Sport Sciences, Ghent University, Watersportlaan 2, 9000, Ghent, Belgium.
    Bammann, Karin
    Bremen Institute for Prevention Research and Social Medicine, University of Bremen, Achterstr. 30, 28359, Bremen, Germany / Institute for Public Health and Nursing Care Research, University of Bremen, Postfach 330440, 28344, Bremen, Germany.
    Hadjigeorgiou, Charalambos
    Research & Education Institute of Child Health, 8 Attikis Str, 2027, Strovolos, Cyprus.
    Eiben, Gabriele
    Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Public Health Epidemiology Unit, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Konstabel, Kenn
    National Institute for Health Development, Hiiu 42, 11619, Tallinn, Estonia.
    Michels, Nathalie
    Department of Public Health, Ghent University, UZ-2BlokA De Pintelaan 185, 9000, Ghent, Belgium.
    Molnar, Denes
    National Institute of Health Promotion, University of Pécs, Gyermekklinika, József Attila utca 7, 7623, Pécs, Hungary.
    Moreno, Luis A.
    Pigeot, Iris
    Bremen Institute for Prevention Research and Social Medicine, University of Bremen, Achterstr. 30, 28359, Bremen, Germany.
    Reisch, Lucia
    Department of intercultural communication and management, Copenhagen Business School, Porcelanshaven 18A, DK-2000, Frederiksberg, Denmark.
    Siani, Alfonso
    Epidemiology & Population Genetics, Institute of Food Sciences, CNR, Via Roma 64, 83100, Avellino, Italy.
    Vyncke, Krishna
    Department of Public Health, Ghent University, UZ-2BlokA De Pintelaan 185, 9000, Ghent, Belgium / Research Foundation – Flanders (FWO), Egmontstraat 5, Brussels, Belgium.
    De Henauw, Stefaan
    Department of Public Health, Ghent University, UZ-2BlokA De Pintelaan 185, 9000, Ghent, Belgium. 2 Research Foundation – Flanders (FWO), Egmontstraat 5, Brussels, Belgium.
    Prevalence of negative life events and chronic adversities in European pre- and primary-school children: results from the IDEFICS study2012In: Archives of Public Health, ISSN 0778-7367, E-ISSN 2049-3258, Vol. 70, no 1, article id 26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Children are not always recognized as being susceptible to stress, although childhood stressors may originate from multiple events in their everyday surroundings with negative effects on children's health.

    METHODS: As there is a lack of large-scale, European prevalence data on childhood adversities, this study presents the prevalence of (1) negative life events and (2) familial and social adversities in 4637 European pre- and primary-school children (4-11 years old), using a parentally-reported questionnaire embedded in the IDEFICS project ('Identification and prevention of Dietary- and lifestyle-induced health EFfects In Children and infantS').

    RESULTS: The following findings were observed: (1) Certain adversities occur only rarely, while others are very regular (i.e. parental divorce); (2) A large percentage of children is shielded from stressors, while a small group of children is exposed to multiple, accumulating adversities; (3) The prevalence of childhood adversity is influenced by geographical location (e.g. north versus south), age group and sex; (4) Childhood adversities are associated and co-occur, resulting in potential cumulative childhood stress.

    CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated the importance of not only studying traumatic events but also of focusing on the early familial and social environment in childhood stress research and indicated the importance of recording or monitoring childhood adversities.

  • 9929.
    Vandi, Poujan
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science.
    Salomé, Joel
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science.
    Arbetssätt för att automatisera inhämtning av data till simuleringsmjukvaran FACTS2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 9930.
    Varada, Shanmukha Shri Sri
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Neural Networks and Smart Antennae: A Case Study2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation evaluates the artificial neural technique for evolving a smart antenna system. The AI techniques pose a challenging research in the field of communication. As such the antennas help to communicate with the digital processor to choose the desired signals and reject the others. It makes its own decision even to find the level of interferences and noises to be discarded by amplitude elimination process through the use of perceptron optimization algorithms like LMS (Least Mean Squares). This method helps to enhance the performance of signal processing efficiently. The design of hardware and software are quite complex. This is due to the fact, that the behaviour of the system is not fully understood being a real-time dependent system. This research work is carried only on software with certain simulated activity on beam-formation algorithm and as well, the system responses before and after using the adaptive algorithm. In this report, we try to concentrate to work on the method of adaptivity to make antenna adaptable to a virtual form of real-time environment. For, this reason a two-element antenna is used for simulation testing, as it is the most commonly used antenna for all purposes in communication. It is also tested on various scanning levels of rotation to determine the learning rate (a parameter that has no effect on the radiation output after using LMS) mean-square error rates and convergence analysis. For the purpose of above mentioned tests, three hypotheses are framed in relation to side-lobe reduction level above 5 decibels, the narrowing of the beam after adaptivity and finally the response of the main beam output for varying values of learning rate, respectivelty. The given research work, may comprehend good practical use of this LMS algorithm and also to indicate antenna patterns and the responses to adaptivity conditions through clarity in graphical format.

    The method is influenced to reduce computational complexity and bring simplicity to the functionality of the antenna with more efficient and effective adaptivness. An effort to test theoretical concepts in practice is also been made in this thesis work. The results show that the antenna system can be made to evolve itself through the process of adaptation with simple behaviour by relying on artificial intelligence technique which ensures little supervision and human intereference. Eventually, it is understood that the reader should have possessed prior concepts, related to antennas, digital signal processing and its practical usage in artificially intelligent systems and as well the exceptions in it, since the work is explained in the direct level assuming so.

  • 9931.
    Varas, Isabel
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Puumala, Tatiana
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Eko-kläder är ingen övergående fluga: hur marknadsförs utbudet av ekologiska kläder i olika butiker och vilka marknadsföringskanaler som inte används idag skulle kunna användas av dessa butiker?2008Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Eko-trenden är ett aktuellt ämne i dagens samhälle. De senaste åren har informationen om vår omvärld och de negativa konsekvenserna på miljön blivit ett argument för att alla måste börja ta ansvar. I Sverige köper vi mer kläder än någonsin och de kemikalier som används vid tillverkningen är skadliga för miljön och för dem människor som arbetar med tillverkning av kläder. Det senaste året har många butiker börjat intressera sig för ett miljöarbete och de har därför börjat introducera ekologiska framställda kläder bland sina vanliga kollektioner.

    Undersökningen i den här uppsatsen bygger på hur olika butiker ställer sig till den ekologiska företeelsen med fokusering på hur de marknadsför deras ekologiska produkter. Syftet med uppsatsen är att beskriva vad butikerna gör för att marknadsföra sig så att konsumenterna uppmärksammar deras nya eko-kläder. Vilka kanaler de använder, i vilken utsträckning de används och vilka marknadsföringskanaler de skulle kunna använda sig av är de problemen som ligger till grund för undersökningen. För att skaffa oss kunskap om detta har vi intervjuat butiksrepresentanter samt gjort fallstudier i de berörda butikerna. Vi har även granskad olika marknadsföringskanaler som används och som inte används av butikerna. Metoden har gett oss en tydlig inblick i ämnet för att kunna dra ändamålsenliga slutsatser.

    Vi kan konstatera att butikerna som tar in ekologiska kollektioner blir fler och fler och att det inte är en övergående fluga utan är här för att stanna. Många människor vill värna om miljön och efterfrågar ekologiska produkter mer och mer. Därför är det nödvändigt för butikerna att göra sina nya eko-produkter synliga för den målgrupp som eftersträvar dessa produkter.

    Vår studie visar att många butiker brister i att göra kunden uppmärksam på vad de har att erbjuda, speciellt gällande deras ekologiska produkter. Undersökningens slutsatser landar därför i att butikerna behöver arbeta mer med sin marknadsföring av dessa produkter och inse att kundsegmentet som i nuläget anses som smalt med stor sannolikhet kommer att breddas.

  • 9932.
    Varinen, Aleksi
    et al.
    Department of General Practice, Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences, Tampere University, Finland / Nokia Health Centre, Nokia, Finland.
    Kosunen, Elise
    Department of General Practice, Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences, Tampere University, Finland / Pirkanmaa Hospital District, Centre for General Practice, Finland.
    Mattila, Kari
    Department of General Practice, Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences, Tampere University, Finland.
    Suominen, Sakari
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education. Department of Public Health, University of Turku, Turku University Hospital, Finland.
    Sillanmäki, Lauri
    Department of Public Health, University of Turku, Turku University Hospital, Finland / Health care services, Welfare Division, Turku, Finland.
    Sumanen, Markku
    Department of General Practice, Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences, Tampere University, Finland.
    The association between bullying victimization in childhood and fibromyalgia: Data from the nationwide Finnish health and social support (HeSSup) study based on a sample of 64,797 individuals2019In: Journal of Psychosomatic Research, ISSN 0022-3999, E-ISSN 1879-1360, Vol. 117, p. 48-53Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Fibromyalgia is a functional pain syndrome presenting with various psychological symptoms. Several studies have shown that adverse life events are associated with fibromyalgia. The aim of the current study is to explore the association between self-reported bullying victimization in childhood and self-reported fibromyalgia in adulthood. Methods: The basic study setting is cross-sectional - with focused use of retrospective data - derived from a large on-going postal follow up survey (sample N = 64,797) initiated in Finland in 1998. Only respondents having answered the questions on fibromyalgia in both follow ups in 2003 and 2012 were included (N = 11,924). Severity of bullying was divided into three groups starting from no bullying followed by minor and severe bullying. Covariates having shown statistically significant associations with fibromyalgia in cross tabulation using Pearson's chi-squared test were included in the final multiple logistic regression analyses. Results: In our study, 50.6% of the respondents reported victimization of minor and 19.6% of severe bullying in childhood. Participants reporting fibromyalgia in adulthood reported more bullying, and in females alone this association was statistically significant (p =.027). In multiple logistic regression analysis statistically significant associations between bullying victimization in childhood (reference: no bullying) and fibromyalgia were found: adjusted odds ratio (OR) for minor bullying was 1.35 (95% CI 1.09–1.67) and for severe bullying 1.58 (95% CI 1.21–2.06). However, in log-linear and logistic regression interaction models the association between bullying and fibromyalgia was not statistically significant when depression was included in the models. Conclusions: Our results suggest that peer bullying victimization might be associated with fibromyalgia. However, in logistic log linear and logistic interaction models there was no statistically significant association when depression was included. As a result, there is need for further, preferably prospective cohort studies. The findings also emphasize the importance of actions to prevent childhood bullying. 

  • 9933.
    Varnicke, Hanna
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Strand, Regina
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Vad erbjuder förskolans leksaksförråd?: En kvalitativ studie om uteleksakernas möjligheter och begränsningar för barns lek i utevistelsen.2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to the curriculum for preschool, the preschool should offer children a learning environment where they can switch between different activities both inside and outside. The purpose of this study is to investigate the conditions that different toys inventory’s offer children in their play and interaction during their time outdoors. Further is the purpose to investigate how the preschool teachers’ arguments concerning the selection of toy and material to play with in their time outdoors.

     The essay is based on a qualitative method through three observations and six interviews. Through these, we examine three preschools material that three preschool toys inventory’s  and materials that children have access to their time outdoors and six preschool teachers´ arguments surrounding the choice of these materials.

    The results show that preschool teachers have different arguments and purposes about the materials different functions concerning children's development and learning. These functions affect children’s availability and development of material use. These functions are influenced by children's availability and teachers' attitudes. Also highlights the material's capabilities and limitations.

     

  • 9934.
    Varpstuen, Johan
    University of Skövde, Department of Computer Science.
    Heuristisk Utvärdering och Användartestning av ett Verktyg för Web-based Training: Korrespondensen mellan Predicerade och Observerade Användbarhetsproblem2000Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett verktyg för datorstödd interaktiv utbildning, Web-based Training, har utvecklats på Sigma Information Design. Två olika utvärderingsmetoder har använts för att öka dess användbarhet: heuristisk utvärdering och användartestning. Heuristisk utvärdering är en analytisk metod där expertutvärderare inspekterar gränssnittet för att predicera (förutse) användbarhetsproblem. Användartestning är en empirisk metod där tänkbara reella användare deltar och användbarhetsproblem observeras. Föreliggande studie fokuserar på användbarhets-

    problem som både prediceras med den analytiska metoden och observeras med den empiriska, så kallade ”träffar”.

    Analytiska metoder predicerar användbarhetsproblem genom att utpeka bristande ”intrinsic features”

    (gränssnittsegenskaper). Empiriska metoder observerar istället ”payoff features”, för att kunna identifiera användbarhetsproblem och sedan relatera dessa till bristande gränssnitts-egenskaper. Frågeställningen är om analytiska- respektive empiriska metoder utpekar samma bristande ”intrinsic feature” vid identifiering av en ”träff”. Utvärdering av verktyget med respektive utvärderingsmetod har genomförts. Under användartesterna påträffades endast ett fåtal användbarhetsproblem, vilket har medfört att ett litet antal ”träffar” identifierats för att kunna ge svar på frågeställningen. Det finns dock indikationer på en oklar korrespondens mellan metoderna.

  • 9935.
    Vaske, Kristofer
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Megalith Grave Escape: Using escape room game mechanics for cultural heritage sites2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report documents the development of a concept and prototype for a mobile application with the purpose of making the megalith graves surrounding the town of Falköping more engaging and interactive for visitors. Because of the limitations of working with heritage sites that cannot be altered to support a gaming experience, the usage of escape room game mechanics is explored. Because escape room games depend on the user's observation and exploration of their environment, they serve as a usable inspiration for applications with the purpose of making visitors experience a location in a similar way.

    The prototype developed for the project contains puzzles designed for four different megalith grave sites which were then tested with groups of children and parents playing together.

  • 9936.
    Vasques Bernales, Maritza
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Estudio acerca de dos traducciones al español de Madicken y Bröderna Lejonhjärta, de Astrid Lindgren2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [es]

    Síntesis:

    El presente estudio trata de un análisis contrastivo de las traducciones al español de los libros Madicken publicada en 1960 y Bröderna Lejonhjärta publicada en 1973 de Astrid Lindgren. El análisis está basado en siete fenómenos lingüísticos que son: adaptación, adición, equivalencia de uso, errores lexicales, expresiones idiomáticas, omisiones y registro. Este análisis muestra que la hipótesis se cumple con respecto al libro Bröderna Lejonhjärta, pero no así con el libro Madicken. Es decir, que a pesar de existir diferencias semánticas y pragmáticas representadas por los siete fenómenos lingüísticos estudiados, la traducción del libro Bröderna Lejonhjärta transmite bien el sentido cultural e histórico de la obra; sin embargo, en la traducción al español del libro Madicken existen diferencias semánticas y pragmáticas, pero la traducción de este no logra transmitir el sentido histórico y cultural de la obra. La conclusión es que estos cambios han hecho que la traducción de Madicken no represente realmente la cultura y trasfondo histórico contenidos en la obra.

    Hipótesis:

    Existen diferencias idiomáticas tanto semánticas como pragmáticas (la semántica es 'el estudio del significado de los signos lingüísticos y de sus combinaciones' y la pragmática es 'la disciplina que estudia el lenguaje en relación con los usuarios y las circunstancias de comunicación') entre los libros Madicken y Bröderna Lejonhjärta, de la autora sueca Astrid Lindgren, y sus respectivas traducciones al español: Madita, traducida por Herminia Dauer en 1983, y Los hermanos Corazón de León, traducida por Lucio Salas en 1986, ambas traducciones publicadas en España. A pesar de ello, los traductores logran su objetivo de transmitir al lector, principalmente a los niños, el ambiente cultural e histórico suecos de las novelas originales.

  • 9937.
    Vedin, Markus
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science.
    Wik, Jonathan
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science.
    Styrning av visionkameror för positionsbestämning samt programmering av användargränssnitt: Försvarets materielverk FMV, Test & Evaluering2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is accomplished in the Swedish Defence Materiel Administration, FMV in Karlsborg together with the University of Skövde. The thesis of 30 credits is within the main area automation technology.

    FMV in Karlsborg performs different tests of military systems. For one of these tests, industrial cameras are used to decide positions of objects. In order for FMV to operate these cameras they use a demo software which is controlled by laptops. The demo software can be improved because it contains several settings that are never used and also it is only adapted for the control of one camera. The hardware that controls the cameras can also be improved since requested frame rate is not achieved. The purpose of this thesis is to improve the existing hardware for collecting the images from the cameras and develop a new graphical user interface software for the cameras.

    To use the existing hardware better, information about the different parts of the computers have been collected to evaluate bottlenecks. This has been done by studying books and technical rapports and tests of the different computers. A software to control two cameras has been coded and a recommended platform has been described to FMV. The performance of the cameras has been improved with the new software and the steering of the cameras is now easier. 

  • 9938.
    Velandia, Marianne
    et al.
    Karolinska Institute.
    Matthisen, Ann-Sofi
    Karolinska Insitute.
    Uvnäs-Moberg, Kerstin
    University of Agricultural Sciences, Skara.
    Nissen, Eva
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Onset of Vocal Interaction Between Parents and Newborns in Skin-to-Skin Contact Immediately After Elective Cesarean Section2010In: Birth, ISSN 0730-7659, E-ISSN 1523-536X, Vol. 37, no 3, p. 192-201Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Cesarean  section  is  associated  with  delayed  mother-infant interaction  because  neither the mother nor the father routinely maintains skin-to-skin contact with  the  infant  after  birth. The  aim  of the  study was  to  explore  and compare  parent-newborn vocal interaction when the infant is placed in skin-to-skin contact either with the mother or the father immediately after a planned cesarean section.  Methods: A total of 37 healthy  infants  born  to  primiparas  were  randomized  to  30 minutes  of  skin-to-skin  contact either  with  fathers  or  mothers  after  an  initial  5 minutes  of  skin-to-skin  contact  with  the mothers after birth. The newborns’ and parents’ vocal interaction were recorded on a vid-eotape and audiotape. The following variables were explored: newborns’ and parents’ soliciting, newborns’ crying and whining, and parental speech directed to the other parent and to   the   newborn.  Results: Newborns’   soliciting   increased   over   time   (p = 0.032).   Both fathers  and  mothers  in  skin-to-skin  contact  communicated  more  vocally  with  the  newborn than did fathers (p = 0.003) and mothers (p = 0.009) without skin-to-skin contact. Fathers in skin-to-skin contact also communicated more with the mother (p = 0.046) and performed more  soliciting  responses  than  the  control  fathers  (p = 0.010).  Infants  in  skin-to-skin  con-tact  with  their  fathers  cried  significantly  less  than  those  in  skin-to-skin  contact  with  their mothers (p = 0.002) and shifted to a relaxed state earlier than in skin-to-skin contact with mothers (p = 0.029).  Conclusions: Skin-to-skin contact between infants and parents immediately after planned cesarean section promotes vocal interaction. When placed in skin-to-skin  contact  and  exposed  to  the  parents’  speech,  the  infants  initiated  communication  with soliciting calls with the parents within approximately 15 minutes after birth. These findings give reason to encourage parents to keep the newborn in skin-to-skin contact after cesarean section, to support the early onset of the first vocal communication.

  • 9939.
    Veld, Yolanda
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Locative Narratives with Digital Media2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The technologies used to guide along and inform about historic places and buildings have proliferated quickly, but it seems the application of these technologies in order to facilitate a powerful experience falls behind. With this thesis, the aim was to gain insights into how digital media can be utilized to create a media-conscious locative narrative and an engaging experience for cultural heritage. In this thesis examples of locative narratives with digital media for cultural heritage and the testing of two applications with a qualitative approach are discussed. The gained insights could help sophisticate and strategize thinking about storytelling with mobile digital technologies in order to find medium specific ways of guiding an audience and facilitate meaningful visitor experiences for cultural heritage.

    Keywords: locative narrative, mobile storytelling, digital media, multimodal, cultural heritage

  • 9940.
    Velic, Haris
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Vilka nödvändiga kompetenser krävs av systemutvecklare som använder XP?: en kvalitativ studie bland svenska systemutvecklare2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Examensarbetet har sin ansats i utvecklingsmetoder närmare bestämt den lättrörliga utvecklingsmetoden Extreme Programming (XP). Beståndsdelen i en utvecklingsmetod är människorna, deras erfarenheter och kunnande samt deras förmåga att skapa idéer och lösa problem såväl enskilt som tillsammans. Utan nödvändig kompetens inom utvecklingsteamen ökar risken att utvecklingsprojekten misslyckas eller försenas. Syftet med detta arbete är att utifrån intervjuer med systemutvecklare undersöka vilka nödvändiga kompetenser som är nödvändiga för att XP skall kunna användas på ett effektivt sätt, även att uppmärksamma vilka problem som kan uppstå då den sociala kompetensen saknas. Metoden som har använts för att undersöka vilka faktorer som är nödvändiga i avseende till kompetenser är baserad på en kvalitativ ansats. Undersökningen har gjorts på två medelstora företag som använder XP vid utveckling av programvara. I stora drag har resultatet från denna undersökning utifrån intervjuer visat att social kompetens är viktig hos medarbetarna för att uppnå ett lyckat resultat. I ett projekt där samarbete med kunden sker kontinuerligt är det nödvändigt att systemutvecklarna har en god kommunikation vilken grundar sig på den sociala kompetensen. Slutsatser som kan dras från denna undersökning utifrån det empiriska materialet visar att social kompetens utgör en central roll inom XP. Systemutvecklare som använder XP behöver kunna kommunicera på ett klart och tydligt sätt, samt kunna samarbeta med övriga gruppmedlemmar för att projekten skall drivas framåt. I resultaten berörs även ytterligare kompetenser som kan vara till nytta vid användning av XP. Vidare redogörs för faktorer som kan vidtas för att uppnå kraven.

  • 9941.
    Veljanovska, Aleksandra
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Nilsson, Ann-Catrin
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors tillämpning av handhygien: En observationsstudie2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Good hand hygiene is one of the most important factors for preventing healthcare associated infections which later may cause unnecessary distress to the patient. It could delay recovery and create a prolonged hospital stay. Over 10 % of all patients in Swedish hospitals suffer of health care-related infections and the cost for the society estimated to be 3, 7 billion SEK in year 2009. Several studies have previously focused on the importance of good hand hygiene in nursing care and factors that could affect hygiene routines. The aim was to investigate nurses' adherence to hygiene practices in hand washing, hand disinfection, as well as how well the use of gloves in various health-care situations are followed. The method used was a structured observation and an observation protocol was conducted by the observers. A survey with the frame data and an open question were distributed to nurses, where the aim was to seek their views on the concept of hand hygiene. The collected data has been analyzed and processed, in which there were discovered four different categories: pharmaceuticals, medical management, patient contact and basic care. The result showed that nurses applications of hygiene practices varied depending on the situation. The most prominent result was that the nurses were generally good at disinfecting their hands but worse to wear gloves. The nurses also had a good knowledge and awareness of the concept hand hygiene.

  • 9942. Velten, Johan
    et al.
    Stefan, Tengblad
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Heggen, Runar
    Medarbeiderskap: Hva som får folk til å ta ansvar og vise initiativ2016 (ed. 2)Book (Other academic)
  • 9943.
    Velten, Johan
    et al.
    Norge.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Heggen, Runar
    Norge.
    Medarbetarskap: Så får du dina medarbetare att ta initiativ och känna ansvar2017 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 9944.
    Vennapusa, Siva Koti Reddy
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science.
    Design of bi-adhesive joint for optimal strength2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To support the trust in the design development of adhesively bonded joints, it is important to precisely predict their mechanical failure load. A numerical simulation model with a two-dimensional linear elastic cohesive zone model using a combination of a soft and a stiff adhesive is developed to optimize the strength of a lap-joint. Separation under mixed-mode conditions (normal and shear direction) is considered. By varying the length of the adhesives, the fracture load is optimized. The results obtained from the numerical experiments show an improvement in strength.

  • 9945.
    Venson, José Eduardo
    et al.
    Instituto de Informática, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, Brazil.
    Bevilacqua, Fernando
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre. Universidade Federal da Fronteira Sul, Chapecó, Brazil.
    Berni, Jean
    Animati Computação Aplicada à Saúde, Santa Maria, Brazil.
    Onuki, Fabio
    Medvia Diagnóstico, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
    Maciel, Anderson
    Instituto de Informática, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, Brazil.
    Diagnostic concordance between mobile interfaces and conventional workstations for emergency imaging assessment2018In: International Journal of Medical Informatics, ISSN 1386-5056, E-ISSN 1872-8243, Vol. 113, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction

    Mobile devices and software are now available with sufficient computing power, speed and complexity to allow for real-time interpretation of radiology exams. In this paper, we perform a multivariable user study that investigates concordance of image-based diagnoses provided using mobile devices on the one hand and conventional workstations on the other hand.

    Methods

    We performed a between-subjects task-analysis using CT, MRI and radiography datasets. Moreover, we investigated the adequacy of the screen size, image quality, usability and the availability of the tools necessary for the analysis. Radiologists, members of several teams, participated in the experiment under real work conditions. A total of 64 studies with 93 main diagnoses were analyzed.

    Results

    Our results showed that 56 cases were classified with complete concordance (87.69%), 5 cases with almost complete concordance (7.69%) and 1 case (1.56%) with partial concordance. Only 2 studies presented discordance between the reports (3.07%). The main reason to explain the cause of those disagreements was the lack of multiplanar reconstruction tool in the mobile viewer. Screen size and image quality had no direct impact on the mobile diagnosis process.

    Conclusion

    We concluded that for images from emergency modalities, a mobile interface provides accurate interpretation and swift response, which could benefit patients' healthcare.

  • 9946.
    Venters, Will
    et al.
    London School of Economics, Houghton Street, London, UK.
    Darking, Mary
    London School of Economics, Houghton Street, London, UK.
    Light, Ben
    University of Salford, Salford Crescent, Salford. M5 4WT.
    Pries Heje, Jan
    The IT University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Lundell, Björn
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Professional panel: Jumping the high-jump and landing in the sand: the issues involved in moving from being a PhD student to being a full member of the IS community2005In: Proceedings of the 13th European Conference on Information Systems, Information Systems in a Rapidly Changing Economy, ECIS 2005, Regensburg, Germany, May 26-28, 2005 / [ed] Dieter Bartmann, Federico Rajola, Jannis Kallinikos, David E. Avison, Robert Winter, Phillip Ein-Dor, Jörg Becker, Freimut Bodendorf, Christof Weinhardt, 2005, p. 1787-1789Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 9947.
    Venters, Will
    et al.
    London School of Economics, UK.
    Giustiniano, Luca
    Luiss Guido Carli University, Roma, Italy, and University of L’Aquila, Italy.
    Lundell, Björn
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Pries-Heje, Jan
    The IT University of Copenhagen, Denmark, and the IT University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Rowe, Frantz
    Université de Nantes, France.
    Post-PhD research: The trails and tribulations of beginning post-doctoral research following a PhD2006In: Proceedings of the 14th European Conference on Information Systems, ECIS 2006, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 9948.
    Ventocilla, Elio
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Big Data programming with Apache Spark2019In: Data science in Practice / [ed] Alan Said, Vicenç Torra, Springer, 2019, p. 171-194Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter we give an introduction to Apache Spark, a Big Data programming framework. We describe the framework’s core aspects as well as some of the challenges that parallel and distributed computing entail.

  • 9949.
    Ventocilla, Elio
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    On Making Machine Learning Accessible for Exploratory Data Analysis Through Visual Analytics2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Visual Analytics is a field of study that seeks to aid human cognition in the process of analyzing data. It aims at doing so through visual interfaces and automated computations. Such automated computations often translate to Machine Learning algorithms. Users can leverage from these algorithms in order to find interesting patterns in massive and unstructured data. These algorithms are, however, still often regarded as black-boxes i.e. mathematical models which are hard to interpret and difficult to interact with. In a single Machine Learning library more than 40 variants of algorithms can be found, and some with up to 14 different parameters. The Visual Analytics community has pointed out a lack of research in helping users set parameters and compare results between algorithms. Moreover, it is argued that most technology in the field, which has aimed at bringing transparency to black-boxes, is embedded in domain-specific systems thus making it hard to reach and use for other users and in other domains. In general, Machine Learning has an accessibility challenge: it is hard to use, to interpret and, if not either of these, to reach. This research proposal motivates the need for research in making Machine Learning more accessible for exploratory data analysis, reviews existing work in the field, presents a research plan and, finally, describes preliminary results.

  • 9950.
    Ventocilla, Elio
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Visualizing and Explaining Cluster Patterns: A Framework for the Exploratory Analysis of Large Multidimensional Datasets2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Large quantities of data are being collected and analyzed by companies and institutions, with the intention of drawing knowledge and value. Advances in storage, computation, automated analysis and visual and interactive techniques have facilitated this process. It is, however, not always transparent on how these can be brought together for the effective and efficient exploration, monitoring and/or processing of data. That is, knowing which automated techniques and frameworks to use for a given task, how to deploy them and integrate them, how to interpret their results and processes, and how to ease their use through visual and interactive techniques.

    In the context of exploratory data analysis, where users approach data without preconceived hypotheses, this thesis proposal argues for the benefit of a framework describing the components, techniques and relations that contribute to the visualization and explanation of cluster patterns in large and multidimensional datasets. That is, a Visual Analytics framework aimed at supporting data scientists in their first steps towards understanding the overall structure of a dataset. The problem area is large and, therefore, the scope is limited to the visualization of cluster patterns in table-like datasets with meaningful attributes.

    This thesis proposal motivates the relevance of conducting research for the development of such framework. It formalizes a set of research questions and presents a research plan based on the design science research method. Moreover, it provides a description of preliminary results as well as related background theory and state-of-the-art research.

    The full text will be freely available from 2021-03-14 16:52
196197198199200201202 9901 - 9950 of 10586
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf