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  • 51.
    Durst, Susanne
    et al.
    Institute for Entrepreneurship, University of Liechtenstein, Vaduz, Liechtenstein.
    Wilhelm, Stefan
    Institute for Entrepreneurship, University of Liechtenstein, Vaduz, Liechtenstein.
    The meaning of social capital in the event of organisational failure: Insights into a medium-sized company2014Inngår i: International Journal of Knowledge-Based Development, ISSN 2040-4476, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 50-62Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This case study of a medium-sized firm in Germany suggests how such companies experience the changing meaning of social capital in the face of organisational failure. The authors provide an analysis of the manner in which the company's managing directors responded to and behaved during an event that threatened the firm's existence. It is based on literature concerning social capital and organisational failure discussed from a small firm perspective and illustrates the fragility of social capital. More precisely, it displays the issue of trust in times of financial distress. © Copyright 2014 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

  • 52.
    Durst, Susanne
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Yip, Jessica
    The Hong Kong Polytechnic University.
    Lee, Rongbin W. B.
    The Hong Kong Polytechnic University.
    SME Succession Planning and Knowledge Loss Assessment2015Inngår i: Knowledge Management for Competitive Advantage During Economic Crisis / [ed] Patricia Ordoñez de Pablos, Lluis Jovell Turró, Robert D. Tennyson, Jingyuan Zhao, Hershey, PA: IGI Global, 2015, s. 282-298Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aging workforce will soon lead to a number of retirements in Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises(SMEs) that cannot be compensated for by the decreasing pool of succeeding individuals. Consequently,SMEs need to find ways to cope with the demographic challenge and its possible consequences. Otherwise,its capability to act is at risk in situations when critical staff is leaving. This clearly illustrates the needfor a proper succession planning. One that takes into consideration the knowledge at stake. The aim ofthis chapter is to draw attention to the danger of knowledge loss as a consequence of an aging workforceand to discuss three approaches SMEs can use to better understand the knowledge at risk. Set againstthe importance of SMEs in most of the world, the study´s results provide relevant insights into how tocope with knowledge at risk in order to secure the firms´ survivability.

  • 53.
    Durst, Susanne
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Zieba, Malgorzata
    Department of Management, Gdansk University of Technology, Poland.
    Knowledge risks: towards a taxonomy2017Inngår i: International Journal of Business Environment, ISSN 1740-0589, E-ISSN 1740-0597, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 51-63Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper aims to identify, describe and analyse knowledge risksorganisations might face and based on this, proposes a taxonomy of knowledgerisks. To achieve this goal, a literature review was conducted. After the analysisof the existing material, it was possible to divide knowledge risks into twocategories: internal (originating from the inside of the organisation) andexternal (originating from the outside of the organisation). Some of thepresented knowledge risks appear to have an incidental character (e.g.,knowledge spillover, knowledge leakage or knowledge waste), while others areof a continued nature (e.g., knowledge attrition or risks connected withknowledge work).Our study is not only timely but also relevant for initiating increased andrigorous research activities in the field of knowledge risks. The proposedtaxonomy will also help organisations in concentrating on their crucialknowledge and in finding ways to prevent or reduce these risks.

  • 54.
    Durst, Susanne
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande.
    Zieba, Malgorzata
    Management, Gdansk University of Technology, Gdansk, Poland.
    Mapping knowledge risks: towards a better understanding of knowledge management2019Inngår i: Knowledge Management Research & Practice, ISSN 1477-8238, E-ISSN 1477-8246, Vol. 17, nr 1, s. 1-13Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This conceptual paper aims to identify, present, and analyze potential knowledge risks organizations might face. With the growing complexity of organizational environments and the plethora of new knowledge risks emerging, this critical but under-researched field of knowledge management (KM) deserves closer attention. The study is based on a critical analysis of the extant literature devoted to knowledge risks, discusses potential outcomes of these risks and proposes a concept map of knowledge risks. The map shows a number of knowledge risks organizations should be aware of. Knowledge risks can be assigned to three categories: human, technological and operational. The research is the first systematic and comprehensive review of knowledge risks at the organizational level. By aggregating and consolidating the knowledge risks covered, the study does not only provide a knowledge risk taxonomy but also promising directions for future research. The study also contributes to a more comprehensive understanding of KM.

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  • 55.
    Durst, Susanne
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande.
    Zieba, Malgorzata
    Gdansk University of Technology, Gdansk, Poland.
    Aisenberg Ferenhof, Helio
    Federal University of Santa Catarina, Brazil.
    Knowledge Risk Management in Organizations2018Inngår i: IFKAD 2018 - Societal Impact of Knowledge and Design, Delft, 2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – Shorter product life cycles, greater demands from consumers for sustainable and eco-friendly products and services, and thus the need for constant market observation make today’s business environment a rather complex one, the one that is characterized not only by a number of opportunities but also by a number of risks. These risks are increasingly related to knowledge which, in turn, underlines the need for an updated approach to risk management, i.e. one that covers knowledge risks as well. Although the role of knowledge in organizational performance is generally acknowledged and has been explored vastly, the study of risks related to knowledge or knowledge risk management is still in its infancy. Indeed, we lack an in-depth understanding of how organizations perceive and manage the possible downsides of knowledge. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to empirically investigate knowledge risk management in organizations.  

    Design/methodology/approach – An international sample of organizations is surveyed to understand how knowledge risks are managed, what knowledge risks are managed and what tools and methods are used to manage these knowledge risks.

    Originality/value – To the best of the authors’ knowledge, no quantitative study on knowledge risk management in organizations has been conducted and published in academic journals. Moreover, it is the first complex study dealing with a large number of potential knowledge risks, previous studies have tended to deal with one or two knowledge risks only (e.g. knowledge hiding, knowledge loss or knowledge spillover).

    Practical implications – The results of the study provide insights into the risk management of knowledge as well as knowledge risks that are managed by organizations of different size and from different sectors. Additionally, an overview of methods used to manage knowledge risks is made available. Based on the findings, managers and company owners can develop actions in order to improve their approach to knowledge risk management. 

     

  • 56.
    Dávila, Guillermo Antonio
    et al.
    Department of Knowledge Engineering and Management, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Campus Universitario Trindade, Florianópolis/SC, Brazil.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsmiljön Framtidens företagande.
    Varvakis, Gregorio
    Department of Knowledge Engineering and Management, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Campus Universitario Trindade, Florianópolis/SC, Brazil.
    Knowledge Absorptive Capacity, Innovation, and Firm’s Performance: Insights From the South of Brazil2018Inngår i: International Journal of Innovation Management, ISSN 1363-9196, E-ISSN 1757-5877, Vol. 22, nr 2, artikkel-id UNSP 1850013Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to verify the relationships that may exist between knowledge absorptive capacity (ACAP), innovation performance, and organisational performance in Brazilian firms. A sample of 111 firms from Southern Brazil was surveyed and PLSSEM was used to test the theoretical hypotheses. The relevance of ACAP for innovation and organisational performance is supported. The research also shows that realised ACAP has more influence on innovation performance compared with potential ACAP. Some guidelines for furthering ACAP models suitable for developing countries are provided as well. The findings are a good reference for practitioners as they identify possible actions which can enhance ACAP and thereby contribute to improving innovativeness and performance. This research complements earlier studies which called for the exploration of the role of ACAP on innovation performance and firm’s competitiveness in developing countries, and it opens new avenues for multidisciplinary research.

  • 57.
    Edvardsson, Ingi Runar
    et al.
    School of Business, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Outsourcing, Knowledge, and Learning: A Critical Review2017Inngår i: International Journal of Knowledge-Based Organizations, ISSN 2155-6393, Vol. 7, nr 2, s. 13-26, artikkel-id 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to review research that determines the influence of outsourcing on knowledge management and learning, a process which will help identify new research opportunities and contribute to the further development of outsourcing theory. The study consists of a review of 34 refereed articles on outsourcing in relation to knowledge management and learning. The findings were summarised in a number of hypotheses and two conceptual models which highlight the contribution of outsourcing to either competitive advantage or disadvantage. This study may not have enabled a complete coverage of all peer reviewed articles in the field of outsourcing in relation to learning and knowledge management. Yet, it seems reasonable to assume that the review process covered a large share of studies available. To the best of the authors' knowledge, no literature review on this topic has previously been published in academic journals.

  • 58.
    Edvardsson, Ingi Runar
    et al.
    School of Business, University of Iceland, Reykjavik.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Outsourcing of knowledge processes: a literature review2014Inngår i: Journal of Knowledge Management, ISSN 1367-3270, E-ISSN 1758-7484, Vol. 18, nr 4, s. 795-811Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This paper aims to review research on outsourcing of knowledge processes to establish the current body of knowledge and, on this basis, to identify gaps in our understanding. This action will justify further research activities and clarify where no future research is currently needed. Design/methodology/approach – The study consists of a systematic review of 24 refereed empirical articles on outsourcing of knowledge processes. Findings – Five themes were identified: outsourcing of knowledge processes, outsourcing and collaborative agreements between knowledge-based firms, factors affecting successful knowledge outsourcing, knowledge management and knowledge outsourcing and other outsourcing issues. There seems to be a lack of understanding concerning knowledge process outsourcing. Research limitations/implications – This study may not have enabled a complete coverage of all empirical articles in the field of knowledge process outsourcing. Yet, it seems reasonable to assume that the review process covered a large share of studies available. Originality/value – To the best of the authors’ knowledge, no systematic literature review on this topic has previously been published in academic journals.

  • 59.
    Edvardsson, Ingi Runar
    et al.
    School of Business, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Durst, Susanne
    Institute for Entrepreneurship, University of Liechtenstein, Vaduz.
    The Benefits of Knowledge Management in Small And Medium-Sized Enterprises2013Inngår i: Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, ISSN 1877-0428, E-ISSN 1877-0428, Vol. 81, s. 351-354Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of our paper is to review extant research to identify what we know about the benefits of knowledge management for small and medium-sized enterprises. The following research questions were formulated according to this aim: 1) What kind of studies have been conducted that focus on benefits of KM within SMEs? 2) What were the main findings of the studies? We propose an approach of literature review in order to understand knowledge benefits for SMEs; a poorly understood area of stud y to date. The few studies identified highlight employee development, innovation, customer satisfaction and organisational success as areas where small and medium-sized businesses benefit from KM activities.

  • 60.
    Edvardsson, Ingi Runar
    et al.
    University of Iceland.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    The impact of outsourcing on knowledge and learning in organisations2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This theoretical paper reviews extant research to determine the impact of outsourcing on knowledge and learning in organisations. The study is based on a review of 41 peer-reviewed articles on outsourcing in relation to knowledge and learning. The literature has identified some opportunities related to outsourcing, such as a focus on core competences, organisational learning, shorter design cycle time and quality improvements. Risks have also been related to outsourcing, including knowledge loss, knowledge drainage, organisational learning problems, loss of trust, decreased quality and diminished innovation. The paper ends by highlighting a number of new research opportunities which in turn can contribute to the further development of the fields of outsourcing, knowledge, and learning.

  • 61.
    Edvardsson, Ingi Runar
    et al.
    School of Business, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Universities and knowledge-based development: a literature review2017Inngår i: International Journal of Knowledge-Based Development, ISSN 2040-4468, E-ISSN 2040-4476, Vol. 8, nr 2, s. 105-134Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Universities are considered as the central actors for developing knowledge needed to drive economic growth and development, thus it is important to study how well universities manage this role. In particular against the background of knowledge-based developments which have increased lately. Therefore, the aim of the paper is to review research on universities and knowledge-based development in order to identify gaps in our understanding. In accordance with this aim, the following research questions were formulated: Which areas are researched? What is the gap in the literature? What are the main findings of the reviewed studies? What are possible directions for further research in the field? We propose the approach of a literature review for the period 1997–2016 in order to answer the question on the role of universities in knowledge-based development. The review resulted in 49 empirical studies, and four main themes were identified: knowledge transfer from universities to industry, universities as component of knowledge city design, universities and knowledge-based development, and university-industry collaboration. The paper concludes with a research agenda highlighting several promising areas for future research.

  • 62.
    Edvardsson, Ingi Runar
    et al.
    School of Business, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsmiljön Framtidens företagande.
    Oskarsson, Gudmundur Kristjan
    School of Business and Science, University of Akureyri, Akureyri, Iceland.
    Strategic outsourcing in SMEs2020Inngår i: Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, ISSN 1462-6004, E-ISSN 1758-7840, Vol. 27, nr 1, s. 73-84Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose So far, there are very few empirical research studies available on the outsourcing pattern among small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The purpose of this paper is to examine strategic outsourcing among Icelandic SME service firms, from 2009 to 2018. Design/methodology/approach The data presented in this paper cover responses from 802 small service firms, which were collected through telephone and online questionnaires. In order to have sufficient data on strategic outsourcing and to ensure a decent analysis, three surveys were combined. Findings The main finding of the present paper is that SMEs that have a developed strategy on outsourcing seem to perform better than those who do not have. The former are more likely to have achieved cost reduction, especially in housing and finance, and they use outsourcing to increase core businesses. They select vendor firms more on the bases of cost and services, rather than personal contacts. Also, these firms have improved service quality, by focusing on their core competences. Originality/value To the authors' knowledge, the present study is one of the few empirical studies that have examined outsourcing in SMEs from a strategic perspective. The findings are valuable for managerial practice and could be a base for outsourcing strategies in SMEs.

  • 63.
    Edvardsson, Ingi Runar
    et al.
    School of Business, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Óskarsson, Guðmundur Kristján
    School of Business and Science, University of Akureyri Iceland, Akureyri, Iceland.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsmiljön Framtidens företagande.
    The outsourcing practice among small knowledge-intensive service firms2020Inngår i: VINE Journal of Information and Knowledge Management Systems, ISSN 2059-5891Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This paper aims to present findings on outsourcing practices in small service firms in Iceland, where the prime focus is on knowledge-intensive service firms. Design/methodology/approach: To gain information on the scope and reason for outsourcing, telephone and online surveys were used. In total, 802 firms participated in the surveys, which were conducted in the period 2009-2018. Findings: The results show that knowledge-intensive firms outsource far more than other service firms and are also more likely to have an outsourcing strategy. The grounds for increased outsourcing are cost reduction and strategic reasons, such as a focus on core competency and the search for external knowledge. In comparison with other firms, knowledge-intensive firms are increasingly outsourcing cleaning, security services, canteen and transportation, IT processes, human resource management, training and consulting. Additionally, managers of these firms select suppliers more on the basis of cost and quality. They also realize more cost savings as a consequence of outsourcing. Outsourcing had a very limited effect on employment in the firms, while cost reduction was achieved in 48.3 per cent of the firms involved. Research limitations/implications: The findings are in line with the resource-based theory and, interestingly, this is not limited to knowledge-based firms, but to a large portion of service firms as well. Originality/value: This is the first in-depth study on outsourcing patterns in knowledge-intensive firms, which uses theoretical classification in empirical analysis. 

  • 64.
    Evangelista, Pietro
    et al.
    Research Institute on Innovation and Services for Development (IRISS), National Research Council (CNR), Naples, Italy.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Knowledge management in environmental sustainability practices of third-party logistics service providers2015Inngår i: Vine: The Journal of Information and Knowledge Management Systems, ISSN 0305-5728, E-ISSN 1474-1032, Vol. 45, nr 4, s. 509-529Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide a structured literature review on knowledge management (KM) and KM strategy in environmental sustainability practices of logistics service providers. The paper highlights the nature and scope of existing research and identifies areas for future research. Design/methodology/approach – The study consists of a systematic review of existing research regarding KM in sustainable logistics. In all, 38 refereed research papers formed the basis of analysis. This methodology allows for the minimization of researcher bias and the maximization of reliability and replicability. Findings – The literature review made possible the identification of three basic elements through which building-up appropriate KM approaches and KM strategies in the area of environmental sustainability by third-party logistics service companies will be enhanced: customer relationship management, quality of human resources and the adoption of information and communication technology tools and systems. Research limitations/implications – This study may not have enabled a complete coverage of all articles in the field of KM in the context of environmental sustainability practices of logistics service companies. Yet, it seems reasonable to assume that the review process covered a large share of studies available. The main research implications deriving from the study concern research methods, analysis of factors hampering/supporting the implementation of KM in practices related to environmental sustainability, development of measures to demonstrate the impact of KM on sustainability practices and role of different stakeholders in the implementation of KM in environmental sustainability practices. Originality/value – To the best of the authors ' knowledge, no systematic literature review on this topic has previously been published in academic journals.

  • 65.
    Grimsdottir, Elsa
    et al.
    Univ Iceland, Sch Business, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Edvardsson, Ingi-Runar
    Univ Iceland, Sch Business, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Knowledge creation in knowledge-intensive small and medium-sized enterprises2019Inngår i: International Journal of Knowledge-Based Development, ISSN 2040-4468, E-ISSN 2040-4476, Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 75-94Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper presents insights into the knowledge creation process in three Icelandic knowledge-intensive small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Data were obtained through a case study methodology. The findings indicate that the three knowledge-intensive companies use complex, non-routine knowledge to deal with complex problems. Often, practical problems are a starting point for new ideas and knowledge development. Brainstorming, collaboration, teamwork, informal and formal gathering and other knowledge creation activities are used in the knowledge creating process. The companies showed many characteristics of SMEs with little formal structure and strategies. The subject of knowledge creation has received little attention in the literature. Thus, the study responds to this situation by giving insights into the knowledge creation processes in knowledge-intensive SMEs.

  • 66.
    Henschel, Thomas
    et al.
    Hochschule für Technik und Wirtschaft Berlin, Business School, Fakultät Wirtschafts- und Rechtswissenschaften, Berlin, Germany.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Risk management in Scottish, Chinese and German small and medium-sized enterprises: a country comparison2016Inngår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, ISSN 1476-1297, E-ISSN 1741-8054, Vol. 29, nr 1, s. 112-132Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Even though the study of risk management (RM) in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) has increased recently, there have been few cross-country studies. Therefore, the present research project can be considered as one of the first of its kind drawing upon an extensive empirical study into the status of RM in SMEs. More precisely, the cross-country study, involving SMEs from China, Germany and Scotland, investigates differences in their RM practices. The findings, which were based on a web-based survey, provide a clearer understanding of the personal and organisational factors that have influenced the RM practices of SMEs in these countries. This study also sheds light on the influence that the perception of environmental uncertainty has on the RM efforts in SMEs.

  • 67.
    Henschel, Thomas
    et al.
    Hochschule für Technik und Wirtschaft, Berlin, Deutschland.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Busch, Stefanie
    Hochschule für Technik und Wirtschaft, Berlin, Deutschland / PPI AG, Frankfurt/Main, Deutschland.
    Praxis des Risikomanagements: Deutsche, chinesische und schottische kleine und mittlere Unternehmen2015Inngår i: Risk, Fraud & Compliance (ZRFC), ISSN 1867-8386, Vol. 10, nr 6, s. 246-255Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [de]

    Die Umsetzung des Risikomanagements in kleinen und mittleren Unternehmen steht in der Literatur kaum im Fokus. Auf Basis einer umfangreichen Literaturanalyse wurden die vorhandenen Studien für kleine und mittlere Unternehmen ausgewertet. Dabei hat sich gezeigt, dass nur Teilbereiche des Risikomanagements untersucht wurden und Aussagen zum Thema in kleinen Unternehmen bisher nicht vorliegen. Vor diesem Hintergrund ist das Ziel der vorliegenden Studie, in kleinen und mittleren Unternehmen den aktuellen Stand des Risikomanagements zu beleuchten und Handlungsvorschläge für deren Umsetzung aufzuzeigen. Die Untersuchung erfolgt in Deutschland, China und Schottland.

  • 68.
    Heredia Pérez, Jorge A.
    et al.
    Universidad del Pacífico, Lima, Peru.
    Kunc, Martin H.
    USM, Chile.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Flores, Alejandro
    Universidad del Pacífico, Lima, Peru.
    Geldes, Cristian
    Universidad Alberto Hurtado, Santiago, Chile.
    Impact of competition from unregistered firms on R&D investment by industrial sectors in emerging economies2018Inngår i: Technological forecasting & social change, ISSN 0040-1625, E-ISSN 1873-5509, Vol. 133, s. 179-189Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This research evaluates the impact of competition from unregistered firms on R&D investment by formal firms in emerging economies by considering their industrial sector and institutional factors, such as intellectual property rights. We performed a study using the propensity score matching approach and the World Bank Enterprise Survey of 16 Latin American emerging economies. We observed that the R&D investment response of formal firms varies according to the typology of industrial sectors. Supplier-dominated industries reduce investments in R&D when confronted with the informal sector. However, science-based, specialized suppliers and scale-intensive industries do not alter their investments. In addition, the level of intellectual property (e.g., IPRI) modifies the effect of the informal sector on R&D investment. Formal firms reduce their investments in R&D when the IPRI environment is underdeveloped. This reduction does not occur in highly developed IPRI environments. We also discuss the finding's theoretical and practical implications and suggest avenues for future research.

  • 69.
    Hinteregger, Christoph
    et al.
    School of Management, University of Innsbruck, Austria.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    A typology of culture-oriented human resource management systems2018Inngår i: International Journal of Sustainable Strategic Management (IJSSM), ISSN 1753-3600, E-ISSN 1753-3619, Vol. 6, nr 2, s. 167-187Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Organisational culture has repeatedly been reported as the vehiclefor organisational change, but there is still a lack of research that investigatesthe impact of HRM on organisational culture which is attributed tothe absence of comprehensive HRM frameworks. Based on a sample of161 German-speaking enterprises in Austria, Liechtenstein and Switzerland,this study responds to this gap by developing, operationalising and evaluating atypology of culture-oriented HRM systems and their effects on organisationalculture. The results demonstrate that HRM plays a crucial role in developingand shaping an organisational culture in general and that each of the developedHRM system, namely employee-, innovation-, profession and task-orientedfosters the development and/or change of a specific organisational culture inparticular.

  • 70.
    Hinteregger, Christoph
    et al.
    School of Management, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Temel, Serdal
    Department of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey.
    Yesilay, Rustem Baris
    Aviation Higher Vocational School, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey.
    The impact of openness on innovation in SMEs2019Inngår i: International Journal of Innovation Management, ISSN 1363-9196, E-ISSN 1757-5877, Vol. 23, nr 1, artikkel-id 1950003Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The study of modes of open innovation in smaller companies is still in the development phase. This study responds to this situation and, drawing upon a data set from 4,679 Turkish small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), explores the influence of inbound open innovation and coupled open innovation on marketing innovation as well as process and organisational innovation in SMEs. Results reveal major differences between small and medium-sized Turkish enterprises with regard to both marketing innovation as well as process and organisational innovation. While inbound open innovation positively influences both, marketing as well as process and organisational innovation, the effects for small-sized enterprises are even higher than for medium-sized ones. Coupled open innovation positively influences both innovation outcomes as well, although the effects for medium-sized enterprises are significantly higher than for smaller ones.

  • 71.
    Hooshyar Yousefi, Bahram
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Form follows knowledge: A Thematic Synthesis Toward the KMS-based semantic approach in Architecture SMEs2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a traceable current methodic shift in the field of “Architectural Design” which could be explained as the systematic interconnection of “scientific method” and “design methods” based on the objectives of the “structural logic” of Design; the prospect “systematic” approach would provide the designers/architects/Architecture-SMEs with a possible wide range of technological practical potentials to be deciphered to the operational facilitation in the associated enterprises. The mentioned structural logic could be characterized as a “design support” facilitation based on the “information processing and evaluation” for dealing with all aspects of the knowledge in the process as a Knowledge Management System (KMS) in the sense of improving the collaboration and enhancing the Knowledge Management (KM) process. Since the visual aspects of the design process, such as diagrams, contain a structure of natural cognitive “networks of relationships”, the “meaning” is situated between the linkages of the network which would be visually presented and actualized by the architectural artifact. The semantic associations would be a strategy-based approach of textual relationship between concepts and knowledge for the textual determination and source-target mapping as an effective tool in term of developing the knowledge mining computational analogy tools. In this paper, the main focus is the dynamicity- and creativity-oriented as a flow of knowledge exchange between the design actors in the knowledge-based architectural decisions. The required knowledge and information analysis in the conceptual phase and the related creative notions, beside the fact that concepts are verbal/textual/visually representable, emphasizes the need of a knowledge mapping as a reliable context for Conceptualization in architecture SMEs. The formalization/formulization of the design knowledge/information and the associated interaction/dynamicity based on the designers’ cognitive/creative attitude are still a field to be developed; in this paper, besides the emphasizing the importance of knowledge and its cognitive approaches, the integration of “systematic design approaches” and “knowledge-based systems”, in a semantic sense, have been illustrated. Eventually, the current paper indicates the foundation of a model of such a knowledge-based semantic manner using a review and thematic analysis method.

  • 72.
    Hooshyar Yousefi, Bahram
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Toward a Supporting KM Model of Concept Generation in Small Architectural Firms2016Inngår i: Revista Eletrônica Gestão & Sociedade, ISSN 1980-5756, Vol. 10, nr 27, s. 1477-1500Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Design is an activity that formulates, physically and mentally, the “environment” of human (designer and user) and the “artifact” interaction. To develop the mentioned “interaction” it is vital to understand the mechanism of the design and designers’ behavior and approaches as a manageable knowledge-based outlook. According to our literature review, there is not any specific integrated model based on Knowledge Management (KM) and sharing information explaining the “Architectural Creation and Conceptualization”. In this paper, it has been emphasized that architectural design is a creative process of converting knowledge and information into products and/or services (Durst et al., 2014), based on requirements into an upper level of awareness as the product concept and capturing the new knowledge as the solutions which are complete, clear, and consistent. Regardless the normative considerations, an organizational framework based on knowledge for architecture SMEs, can improve the overall performance of the architecture design enterprises. The objective of this article is to propose the need of a new approach toward “Architectural Design Process Syntax” (Yousefi, 2014) based on the developing a KM visual system/model illuminating the managerial approach in the process. The final Visual KM model could be used as a conceptual reference for architectural design process in architectural small and medium offices (SMEs). The authors have mainly followed the literature study, task analysis based on interviews and questionnaires and also visual models, as the assessment and result methodology. This article also reflects the lack of application of the key knowledge management initiatives in architecture SMEs and highlights the essential of a managerial approach toward the question by presenting some potential line of research.

  • 73.
    Hooshyar Yousefi, Bahram
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Toward a Supporting KM Model of Concept Generation in Small Architectural Firms2016Inngår i: Proceedings of the International Conference Theory and Applications in the Knowledge Economy: TAKE 2016 – Aveiro, Portugal, 6 to 8 July 2016 / [ed] Eduardo Tomé, 2016, s. 78-92Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Design could be considered as an activity that formulates, physically and mentally, the “environment” of human (designer and user) and the “artifact” interaction. To develop the mentioned “interaction” it is vital to understand the mechanism of the design and designers’ behavior and approaches as a manageable knowledge-based outlook. According to our literature review, there is not any specific integrated model based on Knowledge Management (KM) and sharing information explaining the “Architectural Creation and Conceptualization”. In this paper, it has been emphasized that architectural design is a creative process of converting knowledge and information into products and/or services (Durst et al., 2014), based on requirements into an upper level of awareness as the product concept and capturing the new knowledge as the solutions which are complete, clear, and consistent. Regardless the normative considerations, an organizational framework based on knowledge for architecture SMEs, can improve the overall performance of the architecture design enterprises. The objective of this article is to propose the need of a new approach toward “Architectural Design Process Syntax” (Yousefi, 2014) based on the developing a KM visual system/model illuminating the managerial approach in the process. The final Visual KM model could be used as a conceptual reference for architectural design process in architectural small and medium offices (SMEs). The authors have mainly followed the literature study, task analysis based on interviews and questionnaires and also visual models, as the assessment and result methodology. This article also reflects the lack of application of the key knowledge management initiatives in architecture SMEs and highlights the essential of a managerial approach toward the question by presenting some potential line of research.

  • 74.
    Ilbiz, Ethem
    et al.
    University of South Wales, Australia.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande. South Ural State University, Chelyabinsk (Russian Federation).
    The Appropriation of Blockchain for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises2019Inngår i: Journal of Innovation Management, E-ISSN 2183-0606, Vol. 7, nr 1, s. 26-45Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to provide a conceptual framework for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to evaluate the appropriation of blockchain technology for their business needs and challenges. This conceptual framework aims to respond to the problem of increasing speculations surrounding the blockchain that is considered to be an absolute and innovative solution to many business related problems. However, this argument might not be realistic for SMEs despite this assumption. The main argument of the article is that SMEs should be skeptical while evaluating the appropriation of this technology for their business needs and they should follow a tailored approach whilst adopting it. Otherwise, the likelihood is high that a short-term and unstructured knowledge management process to adopt blockchain will end up with a waste of resources. The present paper conceptualizes an appropriation framework within nine factors namely, reduction of costs, internalization, digital representation of assets, unalterable data recording, network size, transparent and synchronized ledger, scalability, fair trade, and financing. Given the field’s infancy state of development, the paper relies on a qualitative document analysis involving SME literature and extant literature and white papers of blockchain applications.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 75.
    Kchaou, Rihab
    et al.
    University of Sfax, Tunisia.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Skills Development Practices and Engineer Turnover: Insights Into Tunisian IT Services Companies2019Inngår i: Handbook of Research on Entrepreneurial Leadership and Competitive Strategy in Family Business / [ed] José Manuel Saiz-Álvarez, Jesús Manuel Palma-Ruiz, IGI Global, 2019, s. 42-62Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter investigates the skills development practices and their relationship with engineer turnover in IT services companies (henceforth ITSC) from Tunisia. It presents a qualitative analysis of data that derived from a number of interviews conducted with human resource managers of these companies. Based on the findings, four human resources management (HRM) practices were identified that seemingly contribute to skills development in the firms investigated, which are recruitment, training, inter-project mobility, inter-firm cooperation. The findings indicate that these practices can also reduce engineer turnover rates. The chapter provides fresh insights into HRM practices of Tunisian companies, which has not attracted much attention yet.

  • 76.
    Kraus, Sascha
    et al.
    University of Liechtenstein / Lappeenranta University, Finland / Copenhagen Business School, Denmark.
    Richter, Chris
    Lappeenranta University, Finland.
    Papagiannidis, Savvas
    Newcastle University Business School, United Kingdom.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Innovating and Exploiting Entrepreneurial Opportunities in Smart Cities: Evidence from Germany2015Inngår i: Creativity and Innovation Management, ISSN 0963-1690, E-ISSN 1467-8691, Vol. 24, nr 4, s. 601-616Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Smart City initiatives are considered a vehicle for achieving sustainable development of urban growth. This paper explores the conditions and factors that affect innovation in Smart Cities from an entrepreneurial vantage point. Data was obtained through a series of interviews with German entrepreneurs active in Smart Cities. Beyond examining the importance of a set of factors that originate from the extant literature, our findings suggest that entrepreneurs believe that Smart City initiatives need a clear vision to drive their development and growth and that government has a key role to play in bringing the necessary resources and stakeholders together.

  • 77.
    Leyer, Michael
    et al.
    University of Rostock, Institute for Business Administration, Rostock, Germany.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Structuring digital options towards reducing the struggle of finding the needle in the digital haystack2017Inngår i: WM 2017: Professionelles Wissensmanagement: Tagungsband der 9. Konferenz Professionelles Wissensmanagement (Professional Knowledge Management): Karlsruhe, Germany, April 5-7, 2017 / [ed] York Sure-Vetter, Stefan Zander, Andreas Harth, 2017, s. 18-24Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Employees are confronted with more and more different kinds of digital support in their workplace. However, not every support of such kind is perceived positively, but there are also downsides related to the increase of information and knowledge requirements that come along with it. Hence, employees are often overstrained, an aspect prior research has not emphasized in its entirety regarding digital options. In this position paper, we propose a framework to categorize digital options in the workplace and call for further research regarding downsides of these options from a knowledge perspective.

  • 78.
    Matos, Florinda
    et al.
    ICLab, ICAA—Intellectual Capital Association, Santarém, Portugal / DINÂMIA’CET-IUL—ISCTE-IUL, Lisbon, Portugal.
    Vairinhos, Valter
    ICLab, ICAA—Intellectual Capital Association, Santarém, Portugal / CINAV—Naval Research Centre Escola Naval, Almada, Portugal.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Dameri, Renata Paola
    Department of Economics and Business Studies, University of Genova, Genova, Italy.
    Intellectual Capital and Innovation for Sustainable Smart Cities: The Case of N-Tuple of Helices2019Inngår i: Intellectual Capital Management as a Driver of Sustainability: Perspectives for Organizations and Society / [ed] Florinda Matos, Valter Vairinhos, Paulo Maurício Selig, Leif Edvinsson, Springer, 2019, s. 49-66Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this chapter is to explore and discuss, in the context of Smart Cities (SC), the relations between three concepts: Intellectual Capital (IC), Innovation Process (IP) and Sustainability (S). It is important to note that, in this context, the concept of IC refers to Smart Cities Intellectual Capital (SCIC), which is characterised by four components (Human Capital, Process Capital, Renewal Capital, Clients Capital), also used for Nations IC. The Innovation analysis considers two models: the first one expresses the dependencies and limits of innovation, resulting from physical limitations such as city area and city population; and the second one is the N-Tuple of Helices model. The concept of Smart City will be modelled as a living being capable of rational behaviour, knowledge production, and intellectual activity.

  • 79.
    Matos, Florinda
    et al.
    Intellectual Capital Accreditation Association, Santarém, Portugal.
    Vairinhos, Válter Martin
    ICAA-Associação Acreditaão Capital Intelectual, Queluz, Portugal.
    Dameri, Renata Paola
    Department of Economics and Business Studies, University of Genova, Italy.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Increasing Smart City Competitiveness and Sustainability Through Managing Structural Capital2017Inngår i: Journal of Intellectual Capital, ISSN 1469-1930, E-ISSN 1758-7468, Vol. 18, nr 3, s. 693-707Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this conceptual and exploratory paper is to explore and discuss possible solutions to integrate the concepts of Smart City (SC) and Intellectual Capital Management (ICM), especially referring to Structural Capital. Based on this we propose a theoretical framework that highlights the relevance of Structural Capital for strategic and operational planning of smarter cities. Design/methodology/approach – Using a neuropsychologic analogy, we assume that the development of smart cities corresponds to the development of a sensorial or even a nervous system for cities based on their Structural Capital, and the development of City Intellectual Capital (CIC) corresponds to a further phase of the cities’ mind development. We propose a practical framework that combines the concepts of city nervous system and city mind. It can be used as an instrument for project management. In this model, sensorial data -associated with the implementation of cities’ sensorial systems - should naturally contribute with open data to the development of higher abstract functions that in turn supports the creation of CIC. Findings –This paper highlights the interrelations between IC (especially its structural component) and SC and their synergic capability of improving both a smart city’s competitiveness and sustainability, and by this illustrates the benefits of combining both concepts in a common theoretical framework. Research limitations/implications – Given the paper’s theoretical nature, the empirical validation of the proposed framework is missing. This limitation will be addressed in forthcoming empirical research. Originality and implications – By proposing a framework that combines the concepts of SC and IC, the paper contributes to theory development regarding the strategic management of cities and the application of IC.

  • 80.
    Richter, Chris
    et al.
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland.
    Kraus, Sascha
    University of Liechtenstein, Liechtenstein.
    Brem, Alexander
    The Mads Clausen Institute, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Giselbrecht, Clemens
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland / University of Liechtenstein, Liechtenstein.
    Digital Entrepreneurship: Innovative business models for the sharing economy2017Inngår i: Creativity and Innovation Management, ISSN 0963-1690, E-ISSN 1467-8691, Vol. 26, nr 3, s. 300-310Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    What's mine is yours. An increasing number of people are participating in sharing and exchanging information, knowledge, data and goods. As research addressing the so-called ‘sharing economy’ is still in its infancy, this article aims to shed light on it. To do this, a qualitative research approach comprising guided interviews with 14 companies from Germany, Austria and Switzerland provides detailed insights into different aspects of the sharing economy phenomenon. Our results make a direct contribution to sharing economy research, especially regarding the new business models of start-ups. Here, we find a clear difference between the relevance of economic and social orientation. The latter appears to be in higher demand among customers than entrepreneurs. The increasingly digitalized environment has led to a changed living situation characterized by urbanity, openness to new solutions, changed working situations and new mindsets. All of these aspects drive the sharing economy. The results of this paper are summarized in a framework highlighting the requirements, drivers and goals of the sharing economy. Considering the limited research in this field, the developed framework is a strong basis for discussion, critique and/or support of future research.

  • 81. Richter, Chris
    et al.
    Papagiannidis, Savvas
    Kraus, Sascha
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Exploring Smart City Innovation: The case of 12 German entrepreneurs2015Inngår i: BAM2015. The Value of Pluralism in Advancing Management research, Education and Practice, London, 2015, 2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 82.
    Shujahat, Muhammad
    et al.
    COM-SATS Institute of Information Technology, Attock, Pakistan.
    Ali, Bakhtiar
    Bahria University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
    Nawaz, Faisal
    COM-SATS Institute of Information Technology, Attock, Pakistan.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Kianto, Aino
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland.
    Translating the impact of knowledge management into knowledge‐based innovation: The neglected and mediating role of knowledge‐worker satisfaction2018Inngår i: Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing, ISSN 1090-8471, E-ISSN 1520-6564, Vol. 28, nr 4, s. 200-212Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of knowledge management is innovation. However, this study proposes that the existence of knowledge management in the knowledge-worker's work environment can nurture the overall satisfaction of knowledge worker. As the ultimate purpose of knowledge management is innovation performance, therefore, the satisfaction of knowledge worker as an outcome of knowledge management should be greater innovation performance. Consequently, the purpose of this study is to test the mediating role of satisfaction of knowledge worker between knowledge management and innovation. The study collected the data from 306 knowledge workers (engineers and managers) of software houses from Pakistan. The SmartPLS 3 Version 2.7 software that uses the PLS-SEM (Partial Least Square-Structural Equation Modelling) technique was used. The results indicate that satisfaction of knowledge worker mediates between two knowledge management processes (knowledge creation and knowledge sharing) and innovation significantly. However, it does not mediate between knowledge utilization and innovation significantly.

  • 83.
    Shujahat, Muhammad
    et al.
    KM and EL Lab, Faculty of Education, University of Hong Kong.
    Razzaq, Shahid
    Department of Health, District Attock, Government of Punjab, Pakistan.
    Wang, Minhong
    KM and EL Lab, Faculty of Education, University of Hong Kong.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsmiljön Framtidens företagande.
    Personal knowledge management and knowledge worker productivity in the healthcare sector2019Inngår i: Proceedings of the 20th European Conference on Knowledge Management / [ed] Eduardo Tomé, Francisco Cesário, Raquel Reis Soares, Academic Conferences Limited, 2019, Vol. 2, s. 933-940Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The implementation of Knowledge management (KM) in healthcare has primarily been carried out on the organizational level with a traditional centric approach, whereas, personal knowledge management (PKM), a bottom-up approach which focuses on the knowledge in the knowledge workers' (KWs') minds, is somewhat missing. This study advocates the implementation of PKM as a complementary approach to a centric approach to KM, if not an alternative approach, in the healthcare sector to foster knowledge-worker productivity (KWP). Therefore, the prime purpose of this study was to empirically test a proposed model which accounts for the impact of the four individual-level determinants - task definition, job autonomy, KW's lifelong learning and innovation as a job requirement - on the relationship between PKM and KWP. These four determinants are inspired by Drucker's KWP theory that advocated the role of PKM for enhanced KWP. The data were collected from 71 knowledge workers in the public healthcare department of the District Attock, Pakistan and were analysed using partial least squares modelling. The results support the varying roles of four individual-level determinants in fostering PKM, which in turn, increases KWP. The results make the case for additional focus of PKM as a complementary KM approach in the healthcare sector. 

  • 84.
    Singer, Slavica
    et al.
    Faculty of Economics in Osijek, Croatia.
    Viljamaa, Anmari
    Tall, Juha
    Varamäki, Elina
    Tornikoski, Erno
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Blesa, Andreu
    Ripollés, Maria
    Alpeza, Mirela
    Soler, Josep Xavier
    Buffart, Mickael
    Mezulic, Petra
    Business transfer ecosystems: From assumption-based to evidence-based design2015Inngår i: Entrepreneurship Society: a Platform for New Solutions to Old Problems, 2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this paper is to examine, using comparative cases, the supportiveness of ecosystems for business transfer. The study also seeks to demonstrate a research gap regarding the issue of business exit as well as the necessity of evidence-based design for business transfer ecosystems.

     

  • 85.
    Soininen, Juha Sakari
    et al.
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta, Finland.
    Puumalainen, Kaisu
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta, Finland.
    Sjögrén, Helena
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta, Finland.
    Syrjä, Pasi
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta, Finland.
    Durst, Susanne
    University of Liechtenstein, Vaduz, Liechtenstein.
    Entrepreneurial orientation in small firms - values-attitudes-behavior approach2013Inngår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, ISSN 1355-2554, E-ISSN 1758-6534, Vol. 19, nr 6, s. 611-632Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the antecedents of entrepreneurial orientation (EO) and also apply the values-attitudes-behavior framework in the context of entrepreneurial behavior. Design/methodology/approach: A quantitative approach is used to test the hypothesis. The paper employs empirical survey data and partial least squares path modeling in the analyses. Findings: The analyses reveal that owner-manager's intrinsic work values are strongest drivers of innovative and proactive behaviors, but also other work values are related to EO. Furthermore, growth-oriented attitude is positively related to innovativeness and proactiveness, while more survival-oriented managers exhibit less risk-taking behavior. Research limitations/implications: In this exploratory study the authors did not control for sector differences. Yet, as sector characteristics may influence the drivers of EO behavior. Practical implications: The paper provides implications for policy makers and practitioners. Entrepreneurial activities and start-ups play a crucial role in many countries as they are vital for economic growths and the countries' well-being. Given this importance any effective public policy intended to promote new firm creation or entrepreneurial growth of existing small businesses will have to recognize the heterogeneity of entrepreneurs and identify the potential or existing entrepreneurs who are likely to be affected by such policies. Originality/value: The paper is one of the first works linking the entrepreneur's work values and attitudes to EO. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

  • 86.
    Sumbal, Muhammad Saleem
    et al.
    Department of Management and HR, NUST Business School, National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Islamabad, Pakistan.
    Tsui, Eric
    Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, Hong Kong.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsmiljön Framtidens företagande.
    Shujahat, Muhammad
    Knowledge Management and E-Learning Lab, Faculty of Education, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
    Irfan, Irfan
    Department of Management and HR, NUST Business School, National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Islamabad, Pakistan.
    Ali, Syed Muhammad
    Department of Engineering Management, National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Islamabad, Pakistan.
    A framework to retain the knowledge of departing knowledge workers in the manufacturing industry2020Inngår i: VINE Journal of Information and Knowledge Management Systems, ISSN 2059-5891Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to develop a conceptual framework on knowledge loss in a manufacturing sector based on three aspects: likelihood of knowledge loss, critical areas of knowledge loss and relevance of each of these knowledge areas in terms of utilization and alignment with organizational goals and strategy. Such a conceptual framework can be helpful to the practicing managers in understanding the types of knowledge that is lost of a given departing employee and thus deciding on a measure to retain the critical employees or capture their knowledge before they leave. Design/methodology/approach: Using a case study approach, data has been collected from a multinational battery manufacturing company based in Hong Kong. Semi-structured interviews have been conducted and analyzed through CAQDAS ATLAS.ti to generate the themes which were then used to develop the conceptual framework. Findings: The findings revealed that the likelihood factors of knowledge loss in the manufacturing sector include layoffs, retirement, immigration and job change. The critical areas of knowledge loss comprise the knowledge of relationships and networks, especially with the customers and suppliers, the technical knowledge (battery and process technology) and knowledge of management, among others. The relevance of each of these knowledge areas needs to be determined through proper analysis whether these knowledge areas are needed in future projects, up to date and aligned with organizational goals and strategy along with other factors. Research limitations/implications: Using the developed conceptual framework, managers and executives can identify critical employees in the manufacturing sector and accordingly take some appropriate measures to retain their knowledge. Caution should be taken while applying the findings of this study in other industries and context. Originality/value: This paper is an attempt to reduce the dearth of empirical studies by exploring knowledge retention in the manufacturing sector, especially in the development of proper conceptual frameworks to assess the potential knowledge loss of employees.

  • 87.
    Syrjä, Pasi
    et al.
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland.
    Puumalainen, Kaisu
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland.
    Sjögrén, Helena
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland.
    Soininen, Juha
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Entrepreneurial orientation in firms with a social mission - a mixed-methods approach2019Inngår i: Cogent Business & Management, ISSN 2331-1975, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 1-25, artikkel-id 1602016Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores entrepreneurial orientation (EO) in Finnish social enterprises in a social context using a mixed-methods approach. As a result, we propose that the generic dimensions of EO apply in a social context with minor refinements but suggest an additional dimension of persistence. The social enterprises take substantial financial risks although carefully avoid anything that may jeopardise the firms’ social impact. They exhibit highly innovative behaviour when developing new ways to serve the social purpose as well as when finding new ways to generate income. Furthermore, these enterprises exhibit remarkable persistence in adhering to a course of action despite their experienced difficulties.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 88.
    Tehseen, Shehnaz
    et al.
    Sunway University, Department of Management, Sunway University Business School, Bandar Sunway, Selangor, Malaysia.
    Mughal, Sadia Ahmed
    Universiti Kuala Lumpur, Universiti Kuala Lumpur Business School, Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan, Malaysia.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande.
    Shujahat, Muhammad
    The University of Hong Kong, Faculty of Education, Knowledge Management & E-Learning Lab, Hong Kong, China.
    Qureshi, Zuhaib Hassan
    Universiti Kuala Lumpur, Universiti Kuala Lumpur Business School, Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan, Malaysia.
    Kokkalis, Panagiotis
    Al Falah University, Business Administration and Human Resource Department, College of Business School, Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
    Composition-based view of the firm as a promising approach to studying small businesses2019Inngår i: Produção, ISSN 0103-6513, E-ISSN 1980-5411, Vol. 29, artikkel-id e20180022Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Paper aims

    Extant Literature based on the resource-based view (RBV) of the firm suggests that it can be used to study organizations of all types and sizes. In essence, the RBV argues that firms that possess rare, non-imitable, valuable, unique, and non-substitutable resources will outperform firms that do not possess such resources. This study questions the applicability of this assumption to smaller businesses, which are likely to have common resources readily available in the market rather than rare, non-imitable, non-substitutable, unique, or valuable resources. The purpose of this study is to discuss whether the composition-based view (CBV) of the firm offers a more promising approach than the RBV to studying small businesses.

    Originality

    This study is one of the first to tentatively suggest a change in theoretical approach when studying small businesses.

    Research method

    A structured critical review approach is taken.

    Main findings

    The findings reveal that the CBV offers a more promising and appropriate theoretical framework than the RBV for research on small businesses, whereas the RBV is better suited to research on larger firms.

    Implications for theory and practice

    Future studies can use RBV and CBV to study large and small businesses, respectively.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 89.
    Temel, Serdal
    et al.
    Ege University, Bornova, Turkey.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Driving Factors for Converting Teaching-Oriented Universities Into Entrepreneurial Universities: A Turkish Case Study2018Inngår i: International Journal of Applied Behavioral Economics (IJABE), ISSN 2160-9802, Vol. 7, nr 3, s. 34-53Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to accelerate economic growth, many countries have developed and implemented different programs and mechanisms. Benefiting universities' knowledge production and human capacity are one of those mechanisms and therefore entrepreneurial universities, in particular, are considered as a strategic factor in order to realize this target. While in many advanced economies, mainly in Europe and United States, entrepreneurial universities have been established over the years, but this has not been realized in emerging economies. Against this background and the activities found in Turkey, this article sheds light on the current state of Turkish universities regarding their development into entrepreneurial universities. Main findings show that existence of IP policy and TTO is driving factors for entrepreneurial universities. In addition, IP awareness activities in the campus, novelty search and using patent during academic promotion motivates universities to become more entrepreneurial.

  • 90.
    Temel, Serdal
    et al.
    Ege University, İzmir, Turkey.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande. Universidad del Pacίfico, Lima, Peru.
    The Interplay between Open Innovation and Knowledge Management in SMEs2018Inngår i: Open Innovation and Knowledge Management in Small and Medium Enterprises / [ed] Susanne Durst, Serdal Temel, Helio Aisenberg Ferenhof, Singapore: World Scientific, 2018, s. 67-84Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter, the interplay between open innovation (OI) and knowledge management (KM) in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) is addressed. More precisely, the three OI archetypes, which are the outside–in and inside–out processes, and coupled process, are used to show this interplay. It is shown how SMEs can benefit from applying these three archetypes and what are the preconditions for applying them in the best way.

  • 91.
    Temel, Serdal
    et al.
    Ege University, Turkey.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Yesilay, Rustem Baris
    Ege University, Turkey.
    Hinteregger, Christoph
    University of Liechtenstein, Liechtenstein.
    Sukan, Fazilet Vardar
    Ege University, Turkey.
    Uzkurt, Cevahir
    Ministry of Science, Industry and Technology of Republic of Turkey, Turkey.
    The Drivers of Entrepreneurial Universities in Emerging Economies: A Turkish Case Study2015Inngår i: Handbook of Research on Global Competitive Advantage through Innovation and Entrepreneurship / [ed] Luís M. Carmo Farinha, João J. M. Ferreira, Helen Lawton Smith & Sharmistha Bagchi-Sen, IGI Global, 2015, s. 569-588Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Several countries have introduced programs intended to develop or increase their competitiveness. Entrepreneurial universities in particular are considered critical actors in order to reach this goal. While in advanced economies many of this type of universities have been established over the years, this is not the situation in emerging economies. These economies are only in the beginning of this development. Against this background and the activities found in Turkey, the aim of this chapter is to shed light on the current state of Turkish universities regarding their development into entrepreneurial universities. The findings reported may be useful for academics, policymakers, and other actors interested in the topic.

  • 92.
    Viljamaa, Anmari
    et al.
    Business Transfer Ecosystems in Fostering Enterprise Continuity, Finland.
    Tall, Juha
    Business Transfer Ecosystems in Fostering Enterprise Continuity, Finland.
    Varamäki, Elina
    Business Transfer Ecosystems in Fostering Enterprise Continuity, Finland.
    Singer, Slavica
    J. J. Strossmayer University of Osijek, Croatia.
    Tornikoski, Erno
    Grenoble Ecole de Management, France.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Ripolles, María
    Universitat Jaume I, Spain.
    Blesa, Andreu
    Universitat Jaume I, Spain.
    Alpeza, Mirela
    CEPOR - SMEs and Entrepreneurship Policy Centre, Zagreb, Croatia.
    Buffart, Mickael
    Grenoble Ecole de Management, France.
    Mezulic, Petra
    J. J. Strossmayer University of Osijek, Croatia.
    Business Transfer Ecosystems in Fostering Enterprise Continuity2016Inngår i: Creating Solutions with Sustainable Entrepreneurship, 2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to present the key elements and content of a business transfer ecosystem and examine the supportiveness of such a system in five European countries. A business transfer comprises a change of ownership of any firm or business from one person/legal entity to another person/legal entity with the aim of assuring the continued existence and commercial activity of the enterprise - when more than 50 % of the assets or shares are transferred (see e.g. Sten 2006; Van Teeffelen 2012). This definition includes both family successions and transfers to external buyers.

    The study also seeks to demonstrate a research gap regarding the necessity of an evidence-based design for business transfer ecosystems in fostering enterprise continuity.

     

    The study is based on a multiple case study involving five country cases. Data shows that there is a considerable variety regarding forms of business discontinuity, which is in line with former research. According to the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor survey, e.g., in Croatia only 0,83% of all business exits are based on opportunities to sell compared to 5,3% in Sweden. In Finland 15% of all exits are caused by none-profitable businesses vs. 56% in Spain; and financing difficulties is a reason for 24% of exits in Croatia and only for 2,7% in Sweden (Singer et al., 2014). The analysis further shows that business transfer ecosystems are very country specific. The different ecosystems studied are in different stages of development, ranging from highly developed infrastructure to practically none at all. The level of the business transfer infrastructure (e.g. advisory services, financing) varies, as does the complexity of relevant legislation. There are also similarities; in all countries the potential for business transfers is highest among micro firms, and none of the studied countries has a public database for business transfers.

     

    As the different stages of the life cycle of a firm (birth, growth, maturity, exit) are not evenly covered as regards statistical monitoring, the exit phase is susceptible to assumption-based approaches regarding the development of related ecosystems. The study’s findings contribute to the general awareness that a business transfer represents a phase in the firm’s life cycle that offers different possible strategic decisions. In sum, business transfers can be seen as an essential element of enterprise continuity and development.

  • 93.
    Wilbert, Julieta K. W.
    et al.
    Federal University of Santa Catarina, Brazil.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande. South Ural State University, Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation.
    Aisenberg Ferenhof, Helio
    Federal University of Santa Catarina, Brazil.
    Selig, Paulo M.
    Federal University of Santa Catarina, Brazil.
    Unlearning at the Individual Level: An Exploratory Case Study in a High Power Distance Country2018Inngår i: Journal of Innovation Management, E-ISSN 2183-0606, Vol. 6, nr 3, s. 17-39Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a case study that addresses factors that influence unlearning at the individual level. These factors were studied in a public sector organization located in a country characterized by high power distance. The case organization went through a change process of a daily routine caused by the introduction of a new technology. Data were collected through semi structured face-to-face interviews with shop floor agents in the state of Santa Catarina/Brazil. The results highlight the strong influence of the support of formal leaders on the unlearning process of individuals, suggesting that managers operating in a high power distance environment have to make bigger efforts compared to their counterparts in small power distance settings to promote unlearning processes of employees. The study advances the limited body of knowledge regarding unlearning in general and unlearning at the individual level in particular. It also stresses the influence of the national cultural dimension on the unlearning process of individuals.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 94.
    Williams, Christopher
    et al.
    Durham University Business School, Durham, United Kingdom.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Exploring the transition phase in offshore outsourcing: Decision making amidst knowledge at risk2019Inngår i: Journal of Business Research, ISSN 0148-2963, E-ISSN 1873-7978, Vol. 103, s. 460-471Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We explore the transition phase in information system (IS) offshore outsourcing, focusing on ongoing decisions made in a client-vendor arrangement and the implications these decisions have for knowledge at risk. Drawing on time-compression and knowledge at risk literatures we argue that firms will need to make ongoing transitional decisions over time as knowledge intensive work is increasingly handed over from client to vendor. We conduct a longitudinal exploratory case study of a strategic development project transitioned from a European client to a company in India over a 4-year period. Analysis indicates: (1) four distinct phases of the transition: penetration, embedment, ramp-up and stabilization; (2) how transitional decisions and knowledge at risk vary across these phases. Results from the longitudinal approach have implications not only for understanding the ‘what’ and ‘how’ in IS offshore outsourcing but also for a deeper insight into the ‘when’ question.

  • 95.
    Zieba, Malgorzata
    et al.
    Gdansk University of Technology, Gdansk, Poland.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande.
    Knowledge Risks in the Sharing Economy2018Inngår i: Knowledge Management in the Sharing Economy: Cross-Sectoral Insights into the Future of Competitive Advantage / [ed] Elena-Mădălina Vătămănescu & Florina Pînzaru, Springer, 2018, s. 253-270Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this chapter is to present and analyze potential risks connected with knowledge that organizations operating in the sharing economy might potentially face. 

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