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  • 51.
    Andersson, Thomas
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    The medical leadership challenge in healthcare is an identity challenge2015In: Leadership in Health Services, ISSN 1751-1879, E-ISSN 1751-1887, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 83-99Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose– The purpose of this article is to describe and analyse the identity challenges that physicians with medical leadership positions face.

    Design/methodology/approach– Four qualitative case studies were performed to address the fact that identity is processual, relational and situational. Physicians with managerial roles were interviewed, as well as their peers, supervisors and subordinates. Furthermore, observations were made to understand how different identities are displayed in action.

    Findings– This study illustrates that medical leadership implies identity struggles when physicians have manager positions, because of the different characteristics of the social identities of managers and physicians. Major differences are related between physicians as autonomous individuals in a system and managers as subordinates to the organizational system. There are psychological mechanisms that evoke the physician identity more often than the managerial identity among physicians who are managers, which explains why physicians who are managers tend to remain foremost physicians.

    Research limitations/implications– The implications of the findings, that there are major identity challenges by being both a physician and manager, suggest that managerial physicians might not be the best prerequisite for medical leadership, but instead, cooperative relationships between physicians and non-physician managers might be a less difficult way to support medical leadership.

    Practical implications– Acknowledging and addressing identity challenges can be important both in creating structures in organizations and designing the training for managers in healthcare (both physicians and non-physicians) to support medical leadership.

    Originality/value– Medical leadership is most often related to organizational structure and/or leadership skills, but this paper discusses identity requirements and challenges related to medical leadership.

  • 52.
    Andersson, Thomas
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Cäker, Mikael
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden / University of Trondheim, Norway.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Wickelgren, Mikael
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Building traits for organizational resilience through balancing organizational structures2019In: Scandinavian Journal of Management, ISSN 0956-5221, E-ISSN 1873-3387, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 36-45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes and explains how balancing organizational structures can build traits for organizational resilience. Organizational resilience is a holistic and complex concept. In this paper, we move beyond focusing on sudden and disruptive events in favour of anticipating the unexpected in daily organizing. Organizational resilience is understood here as building traits of risk awareness, preference for cooperation, agility and improvisation and is analysed by means of a longitudinal qualitative case study. The paper contributes to the field by showing how balancing organizational structures can foster organizational resilience traits. We show that power distribution and normative control can create preparedness for unexpected events and foster action orientation at the same time as supporting organizational alignment. 

  • 53.
    Andersson, Thomas
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Gadolin, Christian
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Distributed Leadership in Healthcare: Post-NPM in Action2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 54.
    Andersson, Thomas
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Gadolin, Christian
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Followership and Distributed Leadership in Healthcare2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 55.
    Andersson, Thomas
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Gadolin, Christian
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Medarbetarskap är viktigt men fallgroparna är många2018In: Skaraborgs Allehanda, ISSN 1403-3739Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 56.
    Andersson, Thomas
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Gadolin, Christian
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Relational Leadership: An Enabler of Institutional Work in Healthcare2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 57.
    Andersson, Thomas
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Gadolin, Christian
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Relational Leadership and Institutional Work in Healthcare2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 58.
    Andersson, Thomas
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future. Chalmers University.
    Gadolin, Christian
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Hellström, Anders
    Chalmers University.
    Eriksson, Erik
    Chalmers University.
    Unintended Consequences of Management Concepts in Healthcare: The Mix of Value Configurations in Diabetes Care2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 59.
    Andersson, Thomas
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Gadolin, Christian
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Stockhult, Helén
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Samverkan i komplexitet: Resultat från utvärdering av samverkansmodell social hållbarhet/folkhälsa2019Report (Other academic)
  • 60.
    Andersson, Thomas
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Kazemi, Ali
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Wickelgren, Mikael
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Career in Swedish Retail2016Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A career in retailing is to a large extent a boundaryless career. A career in retail does not limit the individual to a single organisation, to a single role/position, or to a hierarchical rung on the organisational ladder. Both co-workers and managers move quite easily among organisations within the same retail area, between different retail areas, and in and out of the retail sector.

    • In the past, the description of retailing as a transitory employment sector has had a negative connotation. Yet this description can also have quite a positive connotation. For example, experience acquired in the retail sector can be very useful in other work sectors. Moreover, people working in retail are generally motivated by job security, a job that is possible to combine to leisure/family, and a job close to home. They are typically much less motivated by traditional career advancement opportunities, the exercise of power over others, and by the desire to make decisions.

    • People working in retail have a rather limited interest in becoming managers in part because their major work motivators are not the motivators one usually associates with management career paths.

    • Gender is a relatively weak distinguishing variable in terms of retail careers, but there are some statistically significant – yet small – differences in the work characteristics of men and women in retail. For example, women in retail prioritize work-life balance, the proximity of workplace to home, and outside interests more than men in retail. These priorities have a limiting effect on their opportunities to accept managerial positions and to follow traditional, upward career paths.

    • There are more women than men working in the retail sector today, but a larger percentage of men in management positions. However, this cannot be explained by differences between the motivations of men and women to become managers or in their attitudes towards their own managerial capabilities. The explanation lies in other, more indirect factors such as the expectations of today’s managers.

    • Women generally earn less than men in the retail sector. This inequality is especially evident when differences in work responsibilities exist (e.g., specialized areas, subbranches, management tasks).

    • There is some general scepticism among employees in the retail sector as far as the extent to which their employers are willing to commit to their well-being and development. This finding has important practical implications when employees sense a lack of employer commitment to them.

    • People outside retail sector generally have a more negative picture of the retail sector than the people within the sector. People in the retail sector are relatively satisfied and think their work is varied and interesting.

    • The number of women at the lower management levels (at the store-level) is increasing. Because of this trend, which is expected to continue, in the relatively near future there may be as many female managers as male managers at this level. However, at the upper management levels in retail, there are more than ten men for every woman and no indications of change.

    • Job security is the most important career anchor for retail employees in Sweden. This finding has very important practical implications because job security is typically not associated with employment in the retail sector. It is a factor that can be an important consideration for retailers.

  • 61.
    Andersson, Thomas
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Kazemi, Ali
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Wickelgren, Mikael
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Karriärvägar i detaljhandeln2016Report (Refereed)
  • 62.
    Andersson, Thomas
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Liff, Roy
    Borås University, Borås, Sweden.
    Co-optation as a response to competing institutional logics: Professionals and managers in healthcare2018In: Journal of Professions and Organization, ISSN 2051-8803, E-ISSN 2051-8811, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 71-87Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Researchers working under the institutional logics perspective find the struggle between managerial logic and various professional logics one of the most intriguing issues in healthcare organizations. Previous research provided several explanations at both the organizational level (mediation, hybridization, and selective coupling) and the individual actor level (hierarchization, sense making, reinterpretation, and hijacking) for the coexistence of professional and managerial logics in healthcare. However, all of these explanations are based on the underlying institutional logics not changing. In this article, we show that co-optation can explain the coexistence of institutional logics, but that it also causes the underlying institutional logics to change. Co-optation means that an actor adopts a strategic element from another logic that retains the most important elements of its own logic. Empirically, this article illustrates co-optation processes through a qualitative study of outpatient units in child and adolescent psychiatric care in Sweden. Using an institutional logics framework, we describe and explain how managers co-opted elements of professional logics and professionals co-opted elements of managerial logic in their attempts to support their own interests. Even if co-optation is performed to protect the home logic, the co-opted elements ultimately change it. This study contributes to the institutional logics framework by describing and explaining how co-optation can be a dynamic response to competing logics at the individual actor level.

  • 63.
    Andersson, Thomas
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Liff, Roy
    Borås University and Gothenburg Research Institute.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    The cooptation of managerialism: Professionals' responses on accountability pressures2014In: International Labour Process Conference, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 64.
    Andersson, Thomas
    et al.
    University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future. University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    An experience based view on leader development: leadership as an emergent and complex accomplishment2016In: Development and Learning in Organizations: An International Journal, ISSN 1477-7282, E-ISSN 1758-6097, Vol. 30, no 6, p. 30-32Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The paper aims to identify and address matching problems in leader development and to propose how these problems can be dealt with.

    Design/methodology/approach

    Based on previous research, traditional leadership development (LD) is criticized and alternative approaches are suggested.

    Findings

    This research identifies two major matching problems in traditional LD – between participant and development effort and between development effort and realities of managerial work. A context-sensitive and emergent view of LD is suggested to address these matching problems.

    Practical implications

    The paper illustrates the need of leader development that is addressing the complex nature of managerial work in a more holistic way and to help participants to understand how such complexities can be dealt with.

    Originality/value

    An alternative view of leader development is identified. It matches managers’ diversities and the realities of managerial work better than traditional leader development does.

  • 65.
    Andersson, Thomas
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Medledarskap: Ledarskap som kollektiv initiativförmåga2015In: Ledarskapsboken / [ed] Sten Jönsson, Lars Strannegård, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 2, p. 248-272Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 66.
    Andersson, William
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Gustafsson, Andreas
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Styrningens påverkan på butikschefers motivation2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Since the 1990s, the major clothing companies have taken an increasingly large market share. This has led to that the clothing industry has become more centralized. Because of this, the store manager who has primary responsibility for the store is more guided in their work. The store manager has goals to relate to while he or she is guided in their actions to achieve their goals.

    Purpose: The aim is that through interviews provide an understanding of how the store managers' motivation is influenced by the designed control system and explain what motivators store managers find most motivating in their work.

    Implementation: The study was conducted by six semi-structured interviews with store managers and is thus a qualitative approach. This methodology allows for the study of store managers in more depth. The interviews have transcribed and then analyzed using the theoretical framework of the study. The four clothing companies in the study all have a turnover of over 1 billion annually and uses a centralized control.

    Outcome: Store managers in the study pronounce that their goals must be perceived as fair to be motivating. It is also important to the long-term budgetary objective, combined with short-term goals, as several goals at work are perceived as positive and the long term goal does not feel as distant. Responsibility is an important part of the work, however more responsibility does not always lead to higher motivation and therefore store managers' cases should be at a reasonable level. Feedback is something that store managers need regularly. It is important that feedback not only contains information about the results, but they also want to get a directive on how they can change the work for the better.

  • 67.
    Andersén, Jim
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Resource orchestration of firm-specific human capital and firm performance: the role of collaborative human resource management and entrepreneurial orientation2019In: International Journal of Human Resource Management, ISSN 0958-5192, E-ISSN 1466-4399Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Firm-specific human capital (HC) is widely recognised as the most important resource for superior firm performance. Contemporary literature on the resource-based view (RBV) and resource orchestration has stressed the importance of organising resources, such as firmspecific HC, in order to fully exploit them. However, companies with idiosyncratic resources cannot rely on established resource exploitation practices, making the exploitation of firmspecific HC a complex issue. Nevertheless, few studies have empirically examined how to orchestrate firm-specific HC. Therefore, the aim of this study is to examine how resource orchestration – operationalised as collaborative human resource management (CHRM) and entrepreneurial orientation (EO) both individually and combined – moderates the relationship between firm-specific HC and firm performance. Based on a sample of 151 Swedish manufacturing firms, the findings demonstrate that CHRM and EO do not independently influence the relationship between firm-specific HC and performance. However, firms with firm-specific HC benefit from either being highly entrepreneurial and relying on CHRM or being non-entrepreneurial and not focusing on CHRM; they perform worst if they are entrepreneurial without using CHRM. Whereas previous RBV-studies on resource exploitation have mainly stressed that HC has to be exploited, this study contributes to the RBV by examining how firm-specific HC should be exploited.

  • 68.
    Andersén, Jim
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    SHRM, employee wellbeing and firm performance: Some initial propositions on the relationships and identification of moderating variables2013In: Proceedings of the 23rd International Business Research Conference, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 69.
    Andersén, Jim
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    The absorptive capacity of family firms - how familiness affects potential and realized absorptive capacity2015In: Journal of Family Business Management, ISSN 2043-6238, E-ISSN 2043-6246, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 73-89Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    Absorptive capacity is a key competitive advantage and is defined as the capacity to absorb knowledge from the environment. Although some studies have examined how various antecedents to absorptive capacity differ between family firms and non-family firms, no studies have set out to specifically analyze absorptive capacity in the context of family firms. This paper discusses the ability of family firms to absorb external knowledge by analyzing the relationship between “familiness” and “absorptive capacity”.

    Design/methodology/approach

    By reviewing and combining studies on absorptive capacity and knowledge-management practices of family firms, new insights into the absorptive capacity of family firms are developed.

    Findings

    It is argued that due to higher levels of social capital, familiness is positively related to the ability to transform and use external knowledge (i.e. realized absorptive capacity). However, firms with high levels of familiness are likely to be inferior in acquiring and assimilating external knowledge (i.e. potential absorptive capacity).

    Originality/value

    Although previous studies have analyzed various knowledge-management practices of family firms, no studies have set out to specifically explore how familiness affects various dimensions of absorptive capacity.

  • 70.
    Andersén, Jim
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    What about the employees in entrepreneurial firms?: A multi-level analysis of the relationship between entrepreneurial orientation, role ambiguity, and social support2017In: International Small Business Journal, ISSN 0266-2426, E-ISSN 1741-2870, Vol. 35, no 8, p. 969-990Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on entrepreneurial orientation (EO) has mainly addressed outcomes of EO at the level of the firm. However, few studies have examined how EO affects employees. Using a multi-level analysis of 343 employees nested in 25 SMEs, revealed that EO will increase the degree of role ambiguity among employees. Social support from management was not found to have any effect on the relationship between EO and role ambiguity. However, social support from co-workers weakens the EO-ambiguity relationship and can counteract the negative effects of EO to some degree. The study contributes to the EO literature by being one of very few that have considered possible negative consequences of EO, and it also highlights how to reduce role ambiguity in entrepreneurial SMEs.

  • 71.
    Andersén, Jim
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Andersén, Annelie
    Karlstad University.
    Are high-performance work systems (HPWS) appreciated by everyone?: The role of management position and gender on the relationship between HPWS and affective commitment2019In: Employee relations, ISSN 0142-5455, E-ISSN 1758-7069, Vol. 41, no 5, p. 1046-1064Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose:  Although most studies on HPWS focus on various firm-level outcomes, there has been an increasing interest in how employees are affected by HPWS. However, most of these studies use social exchange theory and, based on an idea of reciprocal exchange, implicitly assume that all employees become more affectively committed to organizations using HPWS.  Based on social identity theory, we argue that management position and gender likely influence how individuals respond to HPWS. Thus, the aim of this study is to examine how HPWS affects affective commitment among managers, subordinates, men, and women.

    Design/methodology/approach: Hierarchical linear model analysis of 356 employees in 26 Swedish small and medium-sized manufacturing companies.

    Findings: In the sample examined, managers and women show increased affective commitment in organizations using HPWS. For men with non-managerial positions, the results indicate a reversed relationship, i.e. HPWS could actually reduce affective commitment.

    Originality/value: The findings indicate the need to consider individual differences when examining the effect of HPWS, and highlight the usefulness of relational-oriented theories when studying the employee outcomes of HRM systems.

  • 72.
    Andersén, Jim
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Andersén, Annelie
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Deconstructing resistance to organizational change – A social representation theory approach2014In: International Journal of Organizational Analysis, ISSN 1934-8835, E-ISSN 1758-8561, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 342-355Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - Social representation theory (SRT) is a growing theory in social psychology research. SRT is about how individuals co-construct representations of various objects in different social settings. These social representations govern the attitudes and actions of individuals and groups. In spite of the growing interest in SRT in various fields, no studies have used SRT to understand resistance to organizational change. Thus, the purpose of this work is to illustrate how SRT can be used to understand the concept of resistance to change.

    Design/methodology/approach - Review of the relevant literature on resistance to change and SRT in order to develop a conceptual framework for understanding resistance from the standpoint of SRT.

    Findings - We develop a model that illustrates how three interrelated objects, i.e. the organizational process and the pre- and post-change situation, are co-constructed in social contexts. Also, we discuss how representations of these objects can co-exist (cognitive polyphasia). Our study illustrates the complexity of resistance to change by deconstructing the concept.

    Originality/value - Application of SRT in order to analyze resistance to organizational change is a novel approach that provides several new insights. For example, whereas most publications regard advocates of change as sense-givers in the change recipient’s sense-making process, we argue for a more constructionist approach. Thus, all actors involved in the change process will affect each other and together co-construct the social representations. These social representations govern attitudes to change.

  • 73.
    Andersén, Jim
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Jansson, Christian
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    A Dynamic Approach to Causal Ambiguity - How Organizational Learning Affects Causal Ambiguity2015In: Proceedings of ICICKM 2015 The 12th International Conference on Intellectual Capital Knowledge Management and Organisational Learning / [ed] Vincent Ribière & Lugkana Worasinchai, Academic Conferences and Publishing International Limited , 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 74.
    Andersén, Jim
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Jansson, Christian
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    A model for measuring resource immobility2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 75.
    Andersén, Jim
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Jansson, Christian
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Can environmentally oriented CEOs and environmentally friendly suppliers boost the growth of small firms?2019In: Business Strategy and the Environment, ISSN 0964-4733, E-ISSN 1099-0836Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The core question addressed in the natural resource‐based view (NRBV) of the firm is how to develop and exploit resources beneficial for both the natural environment and firm performance. Due to the resource constraints and increased competition facing small manufacturing firms, achieving this is a challenge for such companies. Building on the NRBV and resource orchestration literatures, we examine the relationship between green purchasing capabilities (GPCs), CEO's environmental orientation(EO), and firm growth. Results from 304 Swedish small manufacturing firms indicate a significant relationship between GPC and growth, and this relationship is positively moderated by the EO of the CEO.

  • 76.
    Andersén, Jim
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Jansson, Christian
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future. University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Rent appropriation management of strategic human capital in practice2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 77.
    Andersén, Jim
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Jansson, Christian
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Resource immobility and sustained performance: A systematic assessment of how immobility has been considered in empirical resource-based studies2016In: International journal of management reviews (Print), ISSN 1460-8545, E-ISSN 1468-2370, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 371-396Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The core notion of the resource-based view (RBV) is that the possession of certain resources can result in superior performance and, in order for this performance to be sustained, these resources cannot be perfectly mobile. Whereas previous reviews have mainly focused on the relationship between resources and temporary performance, no studies have systematically analyzed the extent to which empirical RBV studies have specifically considered immobility of resources. By analyzing a sample of 218 empirical RBV studies, the authors found that 17% of the studies directly measured some dimension of immobility (by, for example, actually measuring the level of social complexity, unique history, tacitness or tradability). Fewer than 2% of the studies measured the outcome of resource immobility, i.e. sustained performance differences. Based on these results, this paper discusses the consequences of overlooking this key dimension of the RBV (i.e. immobility) and suggests that, and discusses how, future research should consider resource immobility to a greater extent.

  • 78.
    Andersén, Jim
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Entrepreneurial orientation and employee well-being2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 79.
    Andersén, Jim
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Jansson, Christian
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    An integrated approach to rent appropriation and rent generation2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 80.
    Andersén, Jim
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Svensson, Lotten
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Entrepreneurially oriented in what? A business model approach to entrepreneurship2015In: Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, ISSN 1462-6004, E-ISSN 1758-7840, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 433-449Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to illustrate and argue for the necessity of deconstructing the entrepreneurship concept by analyzing entrepreneurial orientation (EO) at various levels of the business model.

    Design/methodology/approach – Literature review supplemented with five illustrative cases.

    Findings – A business model approach to entrepreneurship enables identification of the component of the business model in which entrepreneurship was started. This has several implications for analysis of the EO-performance relationship and for the identification of antecedents to EO.

    Originality/value – The EO of firms has generally been analyzed at a generic level, i.e. the concept has been used to measure and analyze the overall entrepreneurship of firms. In this paper, the authors argue that EO can be present in various dimensions of a business and that firms can be entrepreneurial in certain areas and conservative in other areas.

  • 81.
    Andersén, Jim
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Samuelsson, Joachim
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Resource organization and firm performance: How entrepreneurial orientation and management accounting influence the profitability of growing and non-growing SMEs2016In: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, ISSN 1355-2554, E-ISSN 1758-6534, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 466-484Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The aim of this study is to examine how entrepreneurial orientation (EO) and the use of management accounting practices (MAPs) in decision making affects the profitability of SMEs, and also to analyze the extent to which EO and the use of MAPs affects profitability differently in growing and non-growing SMEs.

    Design/methodology/approach

    The paper employs an empirical investigation which is based on a sample of 153 Swedish manufacturing SMEs. The data is analyzed by two- and three way interaction regressions.

    Findings

    EO and MAPs have a positive effect on profitability in non-growing SMEs, but the combined effect of EO and MAPs has no additional effect. However, for growing SMEs, high usage of MAPs in decision making is a prerequisite for EO to influence profitability.

    Originality/value

    This study is the first to use the resource-based view to examine the relationship between two dimensions of resource organization and SME profitability. Entrepreneurial orientation (EO) is used as a proxy for how resources are organized in order to identify opportunities, and management accounting practices (MAPs) are used as a proxy for how efficiently resources are organized.

  • 82.
    Andreasson, Fredrik
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Bofacher, Emilia
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Hållbart Inköp: En kvalitativ studie av hur svenska möbelföretag tillämpar CSR i sitt inköpsarbete2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Hållbarhet är idag ett aktuellt ämne som har influerat många industrier och logistikstrukturer. Syftet med denna rapport är att studera hur inköpsfunktionen inom möbelbranschen kan bidra till att öka den hållbara utvecklingen inom företag och därmed påverka den hållbara utvecklingen i samhället. Författarna för denna studie har studerat hur hållbarhetsarbetet ser ut hos fyra svenska möbelföretag samt hur deras kortsiktiga- och långsiktiga mål ser ut. Arbetet med hållbart inköp gynnar flera parter i en försörjningskedja och i samhället. Litteraturen som har använts visar på att det hållbara arbetet oftast brister hos leverantörerna på fabrikerna. Många fabriker finns i länder som är klassificerade som högriskländer, vilket innebär att de inte förhåller sig till exempelvis rättvisa arbetsvillkor eller löner. I de fallen behöver företag interagera leverantörerna i sitt CSR-arbete, utöver sitt interna hållbarhetsarbete, vilket innefattar ett ekonomiskt, miljömässigt och socialt ansvarstagande. Genom att arbeta med CSR-aspekterna kopplat till inköpsarbetet, kan företag uppnå ett hållbart inköp. Författarna för denna studie har analyserat vilka svårigheter som finns i hållbarhetsarbetet och har på så sätt kunnat redogöra för eventuella förbättringsåtgärder. Den teoretiska referensramen lyfter fram teorier som har kunnat användas som riktlinjer för utvecklingsarbetet för hållbart inköp. Det empiriska materialet sammanställer hur företagens inköpsstrategier ser ut för det ekonomiska, miljömässiga och det sociala arbetet idag. Många av de studerade företagen förhåller sig till teorin, även om de har potential att arbeta med teorierna i större utsträckning. Resultatet av denna studie är att det föreligger en gemensam svårighet för de studerade företagen, vilket är att integrera leverantörer och underleverantörer i CSR-arbetet för att uppnå ett hållbart inköp. Eftersom det exempelvis förekommer kulturella skillnader och lagstiftningar, kan det vara svårt att påverka leverantörerna. Därför ingår en del av företagen i samarbete med externa parter som granskar att leverantörerna förhåller sig till företagens krav och till de globala riktlinjerna. Genom att utöva inflytande på leverantörernas arbete och få dem att förstå hur kedjan tillsamman kan bidra till ett hållbart klimat, kan de skapa ett närmare samarbete för att företaget ska uppnå ett hållbart inköp.

  • 83.
    Aronsson, Victor
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Berg, Jonathan
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Hantering av försörjningsrisker: En intervjustudie på tre svenska företag2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today's Supply chain is expanding at a higher rate than before and can cover many different continents, which means that organizations are exposing themselves to a high variety of risks. An area that gets affected a lot by this trend is the organizations sourcing departments, which gets more complex the bigger it gets. It becomes harder to identify uncertainties and risks that can come to affect the inbound flow of goods and services. Studies around the subject risk management focus mostly on all kinds of risks that can come to affect a company and its supply chain. This is what makes this study relevant because it specifies around managing supply risks and how it is archived by Swedish companies. The purpose of this study is to create an understanding of what can come to affect the inbound flow of goods and services and what kind of approaches the studied companies can have to avoid or mitigate different kinds of supply risks. To fulfill this study's purpose, the purpose has been broken down into two questions and will be answered from both a theoretical and company point of view.

    The empirical part of this study consists of three interviews with three different companies and the information that have been collected by these three interviews has then later been analyzed and connected with earlier theory. This has then laid the foundation for the study's findings. One finding that has been made is that different kinds of sourcing strategies create different kinds of supply risks, which leads to that companies needs to customize their risk management activities after their sourcing strategies.

    The study's findings can help companies get a greater understanding of different factors that may affect their sourcing and also what you should keep in mind when formulating a risk management strategy.

     

  • 84.
    Arslanovic, Senad
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Kämpe Nilsson, Christoffer
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Employer branding för att attrahera och rekrytera talangfull personal: En studie om hur organisationer kan använda Employer branding för att attrahera och rekrytera talangfull personal2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The struggle for talents is a problem that can exist in a labour market. Organizations must differentiate themselves to compete for talent. To attracting and recruiting has become a more important dilemma for organizations. The organization wants to attract and recruit the talents to its organization, since this means market benefits and that the organization can be more attractive. Therefore, it is important to highlight why and to understand how organizations can use Employer branding to attract and recruit talented staff.

    Purpose: The purpose is to investigate how organizations use Employer branding to recruit talented staff and thereby explain the connection between studies and business.

    Method: In order to be able to answer the purpose of the report, a qualitative study with six interviews was conducted with managers at each organization. The interviews were conducted to gain a deeper understanding of how Employer branding can be used by organizations. In addition to interviews, observations were performed on the organisation's social media to investigate how this corresponds to what has been said in the interviews. The respondents were selected based on their relevant professional role in each organization, which is considered to have knowledge and experience within Employer branding and recruitment.

    Result/Conclusion: The study has concluded that the organizations find it difficult to define talent. The organizations that has been interviewed to the study agreed that talent was important with talented staff. Organizations can use Employer branding as a marketing strategy to attract and recruit talented workers to their organization. To use Employer branding organizations can work with four components: organizational attributes, promotion & communication channels, formation of employer image and employer attractiveness. The study organizations are positive towards the components and use them to a large extent. The organizations use marketing and communication channels to showcase their brand, which candidates they are looking for and what is important with the service. All organizations also think it is important to have a good image because it shows that organizations can be attractive in the future. The organizations members try to perform well in the organizations interests outside the workplace. Employer branding can thus be used as a strategy to reach out to talents in a labour market.

  • 85.
    Arvidsson, Alexander
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Lindeberg, Ferdinand
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Finansiell utveckling efter equity crowdfunding2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Crowdfunding refers to the endeavors of companies raising capital from the public via the internet. There are different types of crowdfundig, and this study focuses on equity crowdfunding, which means that investors receive equity in the form of company shares in exchange for investing in the company. We have analyzed 24 companies post funding through equity crowdfunding via the crowdfunding platform FundedByMe. The results of the study show that 19 of the companies survived. These 19 companies make up all of the study's observations. Through the testing of two hypotheses where different factors concerning the raising of capital are put in relation to the financial growth of the companies, results show that no relationship between number of investors and sales growth exist, nor does any relationship between profit growth and portion of company stock issued to external stakeholders through the equity crowdfunding campaign exist. These results are conflicting with previous studies that have shown that such relationships exist. This could possibly be due to the study's limited sampling size, which could be an explanation as to why no statistical significance for the testing of the hypotheses was found in most cases. The number of investors for each company in this study ranged between 19 and 398. Due to the fact that previous research has shown a positive relationship between number of investors and sales growth, it is a reasonable assumption that tendencies towards this relationship are to be found in this study as well. Instead, the development of sales growth tends to be rather random and fluctuating. This is also true for profit growth, except for two years after the raising of capital, where a positive and statistically significant relationship between profit growth and portion of company stock issued to external stakeholders can be found.The results are analyzed based on the theory of behavioral finance and herding.

  • 86.
    Arvidsson, Erica
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Jansson, Marie
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Det gränslösa arbetet inom akademin: En kvalitativ studie om hur högskolelärare upplever det gränslösa arbetet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Due to the development of the information and communication technology the boundaries of where and when to carry out your work have faded. In other words, the work has become boundless. Although this allows for flexibility over working hours, place of work and increased control over your work it can also lead to overload and work related stress, which can have a negative impact on work life balance and therefore health. Also, in the long run it can adversely affect the organization as it can lead to reduced productivity, sickness absence and staff turnover, which is associated with greater costs. As a teacher at the academy there are far reaching opportunities to extend the workplace’s hours and location due to the prevalence of information and communication technology, where this study examines the experiences university lecturers have of the boundless work and its impact on health.

    Aim: The aim of the present study is to investigate university teachers' experiences of the boundless work within the academy to increase understanding of how boundless work can affect health and thereby increasing understanding of how it may be a health factor or risk factor.

    Method: As the present study aimed at capturing individual peoples’ experiences, thoughts and descriptions regarding their work situation with boundless work in a nuanced manner, a qualitative method was chosen. The gathering of empirical data was done through ten individual semi- structured interviews at a university in Sweden.

    Conclusion: The study's results indicate that social support is important in boundless work and can, among other things, help stressful periods to be perceived as less demanding. Continuously being available, however, can affect health negatively, with the perceived stress that comes with availability via email. Furthermore, the result suggests that self-control and freedom at work can be both a risk and a healthy factor depending on how boundaries occur to the rest of life, which may depend on the individual's own requirements and career prospects, as well as the joy of his work. This means that the individual’s ability to create boundaries between work and private life is fundamental in a boundless work.

  • 87.
    Auruskeviciene, Vilte
    et al.
    Kaunas University of Technology, Lithuania.
    Radon, Anita
    University of Borås, Sweden.
    Abraha, Desalegn
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Reardon, James
    University of Northern Colorado, USA.
    Vida, Irena
    University of Ljubljana, Slovenia.
    Consumer Decision Model of Intellectual Property Theft in Eurasia Markets2015In: 15th EBES conference, Jan 8-10, Lisbon, Portugal, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 88.
    Auvinen, Julia
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Norrbin, Cornelia
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Antaganden vid värdering av goodwill2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 89.
    Avdic, Adna
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Brodd, Andreas
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Hållbarhetsredovisning i kommuner: En studie som jämför kommuner i Västra Götaland2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, more and more companies and organizations are working on CSR activities because it is something the public demands more and more that companies and organizations should take environmental and community considerations into account. Municipal operations differ from companies and have no compulsory law to establish a sustainability report. Because sustainability reports are more applicable to companies, it will be difficult for municipalities to introduce this. The municipalities have different interest groups to consider where the two most important are politicians and residents. Due to the existence of information asymmetry between municipalities and their stakeholders, they have an obligation to provide information to reduce this.

    The study aims to investigate municipalities in Västra Götaland to see how they work with sustainability reporting and whether they only report the economic aspect or the environmental and social aspects of Tripel Bottom Line. The aim is also to look at which stakeholders the sustainability report is aimed at, but also to contribute to a greater understanding of sustainability reporting in municipal operations.

    The implementation of the study has been done through qualitative interviews where six municipalities have been interviewed and a total of nine informants have contributed with information to answer the purpose of the study. The obtained empirical material has come up with an analysis that is in relation to the theoretical frame of reference, which in turn has led to the conclusion.The study has concluded that municipalities act differently when they follow up and analyze their results, but that they are all based on the social, environmental and economic dimensions. However, there are difficulties when municipalities are to analyze their key figures to see, for example, increased sickness absence due to the absence of a general approach for municipalities to use. The study also found that a municipality has a wide range of stakeholders but that these stakeholders are valued differently.

  • 90.
    Azrak, Nadim
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Dierkes, Malin
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Hur uppfattar entreprenören professionalisering av management?: En studie om förstagångsentreprenören ur ett psykologiskt perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: När en entreprenör startar sitt företag är tankarna ofta inte hur stort företaget kommer att bli eller hur hanteringen av management kommer att se ut. Med ett växande företag tillkommer antalet anställda och managementfrågorna bli allt större. Entreprenören är också sällan utbildad inom management och med ett växande företag kan okunskapen och ibland brist på intresse för management väcka frågan om professionalisering. Ur ett organisationsperspektiv anses professionalisering vara gynnsamt för företag, men hur ser entreprenören på processen?

    Syfte: Detta arbete undersöker förstagångsentreprenörens uppfattning kring professionaliseringsprocessen av management ur ett psykologiskt perspektiv, för att skapa en djupare förståelse för ämnet. Det psykologiska perspektiv som undersöks i arbetet är entreprenörens egenskaper och motivationer.

    Metod: Studien använder sig av den kvalitativa forskningsmetoden och sex intervjuer har genomförts.

    Slutsats: Efter att entreprenörerna analyserats utifrån “The Theory of Achievement Motivation” och “The Locus of Control Theory”, resulterade det i att alla entreprenörer anser processen vara nödvändig i ett växande företag. Däremot visar resultaten också att entreprenörer som uppvisar ett kontrollbehov och behov av makt att detta försvårar processens genomgång. Entreprenörer utan kontrollbehov anser det vara skönt att slippa bära på så mycket ansvar själv. Eftersom alla entreprenörer visar ett behov av prestation skulle ändå samtliga entreprenörer genomgå processen för att gynna företag, om entreprenören vill att företaget ska växa.

  • 91.
    Babawi, Sadeer
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Güner, Johannes
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    DIGITALISERING INOM BANKSEKTORN: Hur uppfattar svenska storbanker och FinTech bolag de möjligheter och hot som uppkommer i samband med den ökande digitaliseringen?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: A big part of the Swedish economy rests on the shoulders of the Swedish bank sector. Because of the increasing digitalization in recent times, the difference in competition has become substantially more evident and it has received a completely new starting point compared to before. The newest and most recent additions to the competition within the banking sector are examples such as FinTech companies, international banks and other parties that are also starting to compete with the big Swedish banks for market shares.

    Purpose and problem formulation: The purpose of this study is to describe the way the big Swedish banks and FinTech companies perceive the different opportunities and threats related to the increased digitalization that we see today. This will allow us to try and create an understanding of what the future might look like and what has already changed within the banking sector ever since the introduction of digitalization. How do the big Swedish banks and FinTech companies perceive the different opportunities and threats related to the increased digitalization?

    Theoretical frame of reference: The theories that have been used during the study are isomorphism with the notion of compelling, imitating and normative isomorphism as well as Porter's strategy theory, the five force model. A SWOT analysis has been used to more easily identify the banks' strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats during the digitization. The study has also used previous research and taken into account the quest for legitimacy and demands for cost efficiency. This has become a support for the empirical results that have been collected in order to be able to analyze more easily, reach a conclusion and thus get the problem formulation answered.

    Method: The empirical material has been collected with a qualitative method. 5 informants have participated in semi-structured interviews.

    Conclusion: The authors of the study have identified, described and explained several factors as to how they perceive opportunities and threats during the increasing digitization. The informants shared both opportunities and threats, such as the fact that the PSD2 regulations increase competition and improve the situation for smaller players to compete against the big banks. The study has also been limited to big Swedish banks and FinTech companies.

  • 92.
    Backman, Mikaela
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Revisorernas inflytande: Komponentmetoden, en rättvisande bild och den institutionella teorins förklaring av mindre fastighetsföretags val av principbaserad redovisning.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 93.
    Bagge, Elin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Hederdal, Iza
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Mellanchefers upplevelser av kommunikation med medarbetare i organisationsförändringar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This academic essay is built on a qualitative study about middle managers experience of the communication and the involvement of employees in the process of change. Nine middle managers within Swedish primary care have been interviewed with the purpose of researching different middle managers different and similar views on the communication in the process of change. In the essay, our collected empiricism is set against theories like Kurt Lewin's (1951) model of change and the model of communication created by Claude Shannon and Warren Weaver (1963). A mutual view on the communication that emerged in our research was that the early involvement of employees in the process of change is highly substantial. This has been done in different ways and with partially different outcomes, which appears in our research. The employees participated in an early stage so that they could get a better understanding of the change and be a part of it and affect the outcome. We also learned that several middle managers saw the informal information as crucial in the process of change. Seven out of the nine respondents tried their ideas of change with employees during coffee breaks or in the corridors in an informal way to get their crew onboard on the change early in the process. The ones who went about the informal way were successful to a greater extent to get their employees to participate in the change.

     

  • 94.
    Bendersky, Lydia
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Aslan, Jakop
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Moradian, Yasser
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    En studie om hur butikschefer motiverar de anställda.2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A study of how store managers motivate the employees

  • 95.
    Bengtsson, Robin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Schelvander, Ludwig
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Faktorer som påverkar beslutsprocessen vid etiska/gröna värdepappersinvesteringar: En komparativ studie av privat och allmännyttigt bolag2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund och problemformulering: Etiska värdepappersinvesteringar har vuxit fram snabbt under åren i både storlek och variation samt har beskrivits som en affärsmässig megatrend som ombildar både marknader och organisationer. Anledningen till denna tillväxt av etiska värdepappersinvesteringar går att finna på båda sidorna av en värdepappersinvestering. På ena sidan finns lagstiftande imperativ och krav samt att kapitalförvaltare identifierar nya möjligheter på marknaden för att bredda sin investeringsbas. På den andra sidan har vi den privata investeraren som är mer personligt engagerad med personliga preferenser. I en beslutsprocess finns ofta valet mellan två alternativ. Detta beror på vilken inställning och riktning organisationen vill ta. Det kan också finnas en anledning där beslutet tas med hänsyn till media eller i marknadsföringssyfte. Med hjälp av problembakgrunden och problemdiskussionen har vi kommit fram till följande problemformulering:

    Vad finns det för likheter och olikheter bland de utvalda faktorerna hos kapitalförvaltarna?  Hur och varför påverkar de deras beslutsprocess?

    Syfte: Syftet med detta arbete är att med hjälp av en komparativ studie och bestämt utsatta faktorer analysera de möjliga skillnader som kan påverka en beslutsprocess under en värdepappersinvestering för en allmännyttig - eller privat kapitalförvaltare.

    Metod: Vi har arbetat utefter en kvalitativ strategi med en komparativ design. Vi valde att använda kvalitativ strategi eftersom det vi sökte inte är direkt mätbart och har inte kunnat appliceras för en kvantitativ strategi. Det har krävts en mer djupgående analys med hjälp av intervjuer och tidigare forskning som gjorts inom området.

    Slutsats: Vi har genom den komparativa analysen kunnat påvisa att vissa skillnader finns som påverkar SEB och KPA:s beslutsprocesser. Teorierna kring privat och allmännyttigt ägda bolag stämmer när det gäller vissa faktorer men inte på andra, t.ex. om att det finns ett större behov eller vilja till att offra mer för vinst i privat mot allmännyttigt. Däremot är KPA mer kundorienterat och har större vilja att lyssna på specifika kunder, gentemot SEB, vilket egentligen icke-bekräftar teorierna.

    Förslag till vidare forskning: Eftersom den här studien har kunnat ge belägg för vissa skillnader mellan allmännyttigt och privat bolag skulle vissa slutsatser kunna dras. Detta är något som skulle kunna utvärderas vidare i en större studie på fler bolag med liknande jämförelse. Med det skulle ett mer generellt konstaterande kunna göras.

  • 96.
    Bergdahl, Philip
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Bodell, William
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Behålla personal genom utveckling2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    BackgroundIn the last couple of years there has been an ongoing change in the Swedish labor marketwhere the view and the occurrence of long term employment is not as common as it oncewas. The most common way of career development is through change of employer. The costof employee turnover can be avoided or reduced by keeping current employees and anindividually shaped development for the employee may result in the employee staying loyalto the company.

    PurposeThe purpose of this study is to investigate how attractive employers, based on Randstad andUniversum, within a knowledge based environment in the area of Gothenburg providescompetence development, professional development and career opportunities in order toretain their employees.

    Method The study applies a qualitative research approach since the purpose of the study is to gain understanding in how companies provide development and not to compare different companies’ results to one another. The study is based on six semi-structured interviews held at each of the six companies. The selection of companies is based on the lists “Randstad Award 2016” and “Sveriges bästa arbetsgivare 2016” by Universum which are summaries of Sweden’s most attractive employers of the year 2016.

    Conclusion The study shows that all of the companies have an individually shaped development plan for the employee. This is managed through adjustment of duties, competence development through courses, seminars and workshops which are based on internal knowledge within the company. Last but not least development is supplied through the use of mentoring and networking, both internal and external.

  • 97.
    Berggren, Hanna
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Eskilsson, Emeli
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Anställdas upplevelser av psykosocial arbetsmiljö med inriktning stress: En undersökning av undersköterskor inom sektor vård och omsorg i en mellanstor kommun i Västra Götaland2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The background to this study is the increasing sick leave in Sweden due to mental illness. The problem derives from issues related to work environment and the fact that work-related stress causes more than 50 per cent of all sick leave in the European Union. Stress is not only an individual health problem but also an economic burden to society. Increased workload and stress haves been observed to be main reasons behind sick leave in the health- and social sector.

    This study examines nurses’ experiences in old age care. The focus is on demand, control and support in relation to psychosocial work environment and stress. The analysis draws on the model made by Karasek and Theorell (1990). The examination was performed on a municipality in Västra Götaland. A quantitative method based on questionnaires has been used to collect data.

    The empirical result shows that nurses experience high demands, low control and high social support. The nurses experience high strain which is mentally exhausting for the individual who cannot encounter the high demands because of the low acting space.

    The finding of high social support however separates from several previous studies and has led to the conclusion that social support cannot be analyzed detached from the other factors if the aim is to understand the full context of a work situation. Previous research has proved that social support works as an insurance against work-related stress; this study presents that work-related stress can arise regardless of nurses’ experience of high social support. Therefore the study demonstrates that a combination of demand, control and support is essential to the understanding of an organization’s psychosocial work environment.

  • 98.
    Berggren, Melinda
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Stensgaard, Simon
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Goodwillnedskrivningarnas värderelevans: En studie på den svenska marknaden2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study 97 companies from Nasdaq Stockholm´s Large Cap has been examined for the financial years 2016 and 2017. The purpose of the study has been to explain the correlation between goodwill impairment loss and market value for companies on the Swedish market and to analyze and compare the study´s results with previous research that has been found on foreign markets. This means that the value relevance of goodwill impairments has been examined to see if the companies´ market value is affected when goodwill impairment loss is made and if the information affects the investors decision. A model previously used by other researchers has been applied to examine this. The model includes the variables market value, book value, pre-tax profit, carrying value of goodwill and goodwill impairment loss; and information about these has been collected from the companies’ annual reports. The study was done using a multiple regression analysis. The positive correlation between market value and the variables of book value and pre-tax profit means that we could assume that the stock market is value relevant. In order to investigate the value relevance of goodwill impairment loss it was required that reported goodwill was a value relevant variable, which the result showed. A positive correlation could be demonstrated between impairment of goodwill and market capitalization, which indicates that it is not value relevant. This indicates that these impairment losses do not give investors any reliable information in investment decisions.

  • 99.
    Berggren Quintana, Clara
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Consoli, Isabella
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Ledarskapets betydelse för medarbetarnas sjukfrånvaro: En komparativ fallstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Sickness absence have long been a central and political societal problem in Sweden. One factor that has caused employee’s ill health is job strain and psychic stress which may be influenced by leadership. There are different leadership styles that managers can apply which have different effects on employee health. These are transformative and transactional leadership styles as well as democratic or relationship-oriented leadership styles and authoritarian or task-oriented leadership styles. Advantageously for employee health is leaders who apply Kaizen as a working method. Kaizen can be described as continuous improvements. Thus, leadership is significant for employees' psychosocial health in the workplace.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to describe and analyze the difference between managers' leadership in departments with high and low sick leave. To answer the purpose, the study is based on theories of leadership styles and the Kaizen method.

    Method: To answer the purpose of this study, both managers and employees have given their perspective to the problem. They have participated in the survey through a qualitative and quantitative study with an iterative interaction between deductive and inductive approach. The study has been carried out using a comparative method by studying two comparable departments with reported high or low sickness absence.  

    Conclusion: The result of this study is that the leadership differs according to the leadership styles applied and to what extent managers work according to Kaizen. Managers with different leadership also have employees with different sickness absence. Thus, manager’s leadership can be important for employees' sickness absence.

  • 100.
    Berglund, Emmie
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Bergquist, Linnéa
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    ATT MOTIVERA GENERATION Y: En fallstudie baserad på hur chefer inom friskvårdsbranschen kan behålla sina unga medarbetare2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A workplace that is not considered sufficiently motivating for an individual can lead to an employee voluntary choosing to leave a company, resulting in high unpredictable employee turnover costs and inconvenience for the operation. Therefore, Employee retention is considered to be of great importance. Motivation in work may also be associated with the experience of satisfaction that creates positive working attitudes, this term can be seen to be integrated with the work of retaining employees. However, in order to maintain motivation in work, it is important that managers understands how generation differences can affect the needs of individuals in the workplace. Because young employees, so-called generation Y, are individuals who are more likely to leave a company than previous generations this study has a specific focus on the healthcare industry, which has shown a high number of young employees. The aim of this study was to create an understanding of how managers can work to motivate their employees, belonging to generation Y, in order to keep them in a company within the healthcare industry.

    The study takes a starting point in the generation theory of Mannheim (1927) and motivational theories of Maslow (1943) and Vroom (1964), which have worked out as a scientific support in the search for the answer to the study’s problem formulation and questionnaire. In order to find the answer of the founded question a qualitative researching method has been used, with a complementary descriptive element in form of a ranking method. The collection of the empirical data was conducted using a case study against two different healthcare companies and a triangulation method. In total, 13 qualitative interviews were conducted with managers and employees, as well as a qualitative text analysis based on the case materials and policy documents, which together formed a triangulation method.

    The result of this study present a difference between what managers believe motivates generation Y and what they are actually motivated by in practice. The motivational factors that was shown distinctive and important for employees belonging to generation Y to stay within the healthcare industry were Personal development, Cohesion and community and Safe employment conditions. However, it should be noted that this result was a generalization of the collected empirical data and does not constitute a presentation of what these employees individually are motivated by. Therefore, it is also considered essential that managers are working to identify the individual’s need of motivation at the workplace.

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