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  • 51.
    Alfredsson, Marina
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Eklöf, Emma
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Andersson Nielsen, Emma
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Flickor leker med dockor och pojkar leker med bilar, eller?2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we investigated girls and boys choices of games and choice of materials as well as different patterns of communication between the sexes. We have observed the children’s choice of play materials and games in preschool. Girls ' and boys' communication between each other were observed in three environments. These three environments comprised a typical girl playroom which included kitchen supplies, dolls and dress up clothes, a typical boy playroom which included building supplies, cars, and toy tools and a neutral room. Based on personal experience, girls often play in the girls’ playroom while boys often choose to play in the construction area. By observing in different environments, we could examine the importance of the environment for girls and boys of communication between each other. The study is based on the social learning theory which argues that children do as we do. That is children have role models and through them learn quickly the meaning of what is considered to be a girl or boy. This result shows that the pre various gender codes of the children's choice of games and materials, and in communication. I could see that the girls and boys often chose to play the same kind of games and play with the same material at the preschool. The boys were playing, however, more violent and played many racing and war games. The girls played more gently and quietly and played more care and beauty games. Despite the fact that both sexes used the same materials you could see clear gender patterns in their behavior. An example of this would be that the girls often shaped clay as pastries and food while the boys often shaped this as balls and old men. The girls also used the very pink, yellow, white and purple colors in their creations while the boys' choice of colors dominated by blue, green, brown and red. One could also see clear patterns of communication between girlsand boys. This is when the children on some occasions discussed the male and female characteristics and behaviors with each other. We have discussed the importance of the environment in children's creation of gender in preschool. Children talk about what's around them and it is important to create an environment where children can get a broader view of masculinity and femininity.

  • 52.
    Alfredsson, Sofie
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Danckwardt-Lillieström, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Kundbemötande: Ur kundens perspektiv2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    We wanted to find out how the customer wants to be treated by the staff in a clothing store. We have focused on the personal contact between staff and customers. Our report thus focuses not on the physical products but on the staff conduct and behavior towards the customer, based on what it wants. The theory we have used largely reflects how staff should respond, but not how the customer wants to be treated. We decided to find out the customer opinions through a questionnaire survey. To make the report more specific, we also chose to look at the difference between male and female customers. We also studied the difference between age groups of customers from 20 years up to 49 years. To make it easier for the staff to respond to their particular customer group correctly.

  • 53.
    Ali, Awaz
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    I språkverktyget ingår också digitala verktyg: En kvalitativ studie om digitala verktyg som stöd i läs- och skrivutveckling i förskolan2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, based on a socio-cultural perspective on learning, children’s use of different digital tools in the work with their development with reading and writing will be studied. The purpose of this research is to increase the capability to improve the reading and writing education in kindergarten with the help of different digital tools. The ambition is to, with the help of literature studies and practical work, be able to indicate that the children’s progress in the ability to read and write can be improved by introducing digital tools in the practical work in kindergarten. The overall aim of the study is to contribute to changing the children’s as well as the teachers’ approaches towards digital tools in the work with reading and writing development in kindergarten. A qualitative approach has been used with the help of inspiration from hermeneutics and phenomenography. In this research, nine children are interviewed, and thirty-three participatory observations are conducted during the period of one month. The result shows that every child who takes part in the research uses different kinds of digital tools in the work with reading and writing development. The result also shows that the use of digital tools is useful. Some of the opportunities that can be distinguished with the use of these tools are; language development, reading and writing development, development of motor skills, social skills and analytical skills as well as the development of digital skills. The discussion emphasizes the importance of conscious planning based on curricula, where digital tools are being used to complement the traditional education in kindergarten.

  • 54.
    Ali, Bayan
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Fällgren, Åsa
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Wennberg, Annelie
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Nationella prov - stöd eller hot?: Några gymnasielärares uppfattning om de nationella provens betydelse2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to analyse the significance of the national assessment in highschool education, including what the teachers express about the new instructions currently coming from the Swedish National Agency of Education, concerning a more central control of grading the national assessments. This study also covers the teachers individual responsibility when it comes to grading the national assessments. The purpose of the national assessment is to secure that grading and the education level in the country is equal. This is a qualitative study useing the method of a group discussion intervju (focusgroup intervju). Five highschool teachers took part in the discussion with questions that had been decided beforehand. The aim with this method is to give space for open discussions and reflections within the group. The result of the study shows that the respondants had been influenced by the tention between the new instructions from the Swedish National Agency of Education and the teachers autonomy. The study also elucidates the tendencies that exists in the country of grading too positive. The respondants expressed that they are affected  by the new instructions and that their final grading is controlled by the results from the assessments.

  • 55.
    Alklind Taylor, Anna-Sofia
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    The active instructor: Benefits and barriers to instructor-led serious gaming2015In: VS-Games 2015: 7th International Conference on Games and Virtual Worlds for Serious Applications, IEEE conference proceedings, 2015, p. 8-15Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While there is a wealth of studies on the subject of serious games, the same cannot be said on the issue of teaching with games, especially in game-based learning settings with adult learners. Over the years, most research in this area has been focused on the ‘active substance(s)’ of games for learning, focusing mainly on characteristics of games, but often failing to take the whole context of game-based learning into consideration, such as the role(s) of the teacher. However, the past two or three years has seen a shift in focus from merely the game as an isolated artefact, to also include more discussions on how games can successfully be integrated into an educational setting, as well as challenges as pitfalls of which instructors need to be aware. This paper aims to outline the contemporary research on instructor-led serious gaming and its implications for the design of serious gaming environments.

  • 56.
    Allansson, Sofie
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Vad händer när man framhäver skillnaderna mellan 2D- och 3D-grafik istället för att dölja dem?: Reflekterande uppsats till examensarbete i medier2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen är en reflekterande uppsats som behandlar ett verk som skaptas inom ramen för examensarbete i medier vid Högskolan i Skövde. Verket består av en datoranimerad speltrailer för det fiktiva spelet ”Ashes”, med ljudeffekter och musik. Trailern är 80 sekunder lång, renderad i 3D med tydliga inslag av 2D-grafik, med ljudeffekter och musik. Uppsatsen inleds med idén till verket och de mål som satts upp för arbetet. Därefter beskrivs verkets kontext i form av film, äventyrsgenren och existerande spel. Spelen beskrivs i förhållande till frågeställningen. Efter det förklaras hur det fiktiva spelet ”Ashes” förhåller sig till kontrasten 2D/3D, samt en genomgång av scenerna i trailern. Genomgången av de arbetsmoment som har ingått i framställandet av trailern belyser den tekniska och kreativa processen bakom verket. Den centrala slutsatsen som presenteras i uppsatsen är att skillnaderna mellan 2D- och 3D-grafik går att använda och utnyttja som ett verktyg för speldesign och historieberättande.

  • 57.
    Allert, Jonas
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Berg, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Tillgodoses bankernas informationsbehov genom redovisningsinformation upprättad enligt K2 i kreditbedömningen?2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background and problems: It has been an issue for small- and medium sized companies, as accounting standards that they set up their accounts after having been unnecessarily complicated in compared to the needs of the users of its financial statements. Sweden’s efforts to simplify these accounting standards has among other things, been characterized by easing the work for small- and medium size companies. These efforts were called K-projektet, whose purpose partly has been to meet the needs of users of financial statements. K2 is the simplified rule package aimed at smaller companies. Banks are one of the primary users of small companies’ financial statements. K2 is characterized by simplifications, standardization and less reporting obligation. Since banks are demanding a lot of information at a credit decision of a company to make an informed decision, the questions where as follow To what extant do banks use companies accounting information in credit decision? How do financial statements prepared in K2 framework meet the needs of regarded information in credit decisions?Purpose: We examine how the information needs of banks´ are met at credit decisions based on financial statements prepared in the K2 framework. The study aims to increase the understanding and perception of what banks´ demand in the financial information provided by the entities.Method: In the purpose of this study, we wanted to increase the understanding and perception of the chosen topic. A qualitative method aims to do just that, to obtain a deeper understanding of banks´ information demand for credit. A case study includes a complexity of the investigated object, which our study is characterized by because there are relatively few companies that currently apply the K2 in the preparation of accounting information, hence a case study was chosen. The choice to interview the banks was based on that they are the primary users of financial statements in accordance to the K2-regulation.Conclusion: In credit evaluation, accounting is the primary source of information for banks´. Accounting is never a sufficient basis for credit decision for the bank. They have to obtain further information to make an justified decision. The banks´ own assessment of the company as a whole, are based on both hard and soft information which means that regardless of the regulations a company is incorporated by, the banks own internal assessment if a company will be able to repay the credit they will be granted. The most important quality for the bank is that the financial statements are reflecting the fair value, but since K2 is characterized by simplifications, standard solutions and limited choices it creates fewer opportunities for it.Suggestions for further research: An interesting framework to conduct a similar study on, is the K3-framework, since smaller entities may be able to also establish its own financial statements for these regulations. Today is it voluntary to apply K2 this means that few today have chosen to apply the rules. Establishing a new survey when regulations become mandatory for small companies would be a way to highlight the banks´ direct perception of the rules.

  • 58.
    Alm, Annelie
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Förmågan att spegla känslor, avslöja lögner och gradera säkerhet: finns det ett samband dem emellan?2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Underlättar kongruens mellan sinnestillstånd och påstående (vad gäller dess värdeladdning) vid bedömning av ett påståendes sanningshalt? Denna fråga uppkom via studier av embodiment och lögner, forskning från de båda områdena påvisar nämligen att olika ”kroppsliga signaler” kan hjälpa oss att avslöja om andra människor ljuger. Frågan har undersökts via en faktoriell design med repeterade mätningar där deltagarna försattes i olika sinnestillstånd varpå de utsattes för olika stimuli och fick göra olika bedömningar. Resultatet visade att kongruenta betingelser varken underlättar eller påskyndar vid bedömning av ett påståendes sanningshalt, däremot erhölls ett signifikant resultat som indikerade att kongruenta betingelser ökar människans konfidensnivå (högre grad av säkerhet vad gäller att en korrekt bedömning gjorts) vid bedömning av falska påståenden.

  • 59.
    Almarsoomi, Farah
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Svensk kod för bolagsstyrning: En studie av bolagen avvikelser från koden2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Accounting and corporate scandals that took place in the 2000s in the United States and several European countries took off in the corporate governance debate. Many countries began to adopt rules designed to develop corporate governance and increase confidence in the business world. Sweden suffered like other countries of accounting scandals, and as a result of this came the Swedish Code of Corporate Governance to rebuild market confidence to the Swedish companies. The first of July 2005 the code was applied in the Stockholm Stock Exchange for all companies on the A-list and the O-list with market capitalization exceeding 3 billion i.e. companies included in the Large Cap. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine and analyze how companies on the OMX Stockholm Stock Exchange, Large Cap, deviates from the Swedish code and if they deviate from the same points in the code and how thoroughly these companies explains their deviations. I want to get an understanding of why the code exists and why the companies deviate from it and whether the code works as expected. Methodology: To examine the extent to which companies deviate from the code and which points that the companies differ from, I have studied and observed the companies' annual reports and corporate governance reports. Theoretical Framework: In this chapter, I have raised earlier research that deals with other codes and the principle comply or explain, and the reasons why companies choose to follow or deviate from the code. These studies took place in Germany and the UK.7Empirical foundation: The empirical data consists of annual reports and corporate governance reports of the surveyed 28 companies in the Large Cap from both 2010 and 2011. Conclusions: The conclusion of this study is that the ownership structure is a contributing factor to why companies choose to deviate from the code. Companies with a concentrated ownership tend to deviate from the code. I have also noticed that these companies are owned by Industrivärden and Investor. The companies are also characterized by having strong family owners who own more than 30% of the shares, the owners usually want to have control over the company and that are why they differ from the Swedish Code.

  • 60.
    Almqvist, Maria
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Danielsson, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Förebyggande arbete mot mobbning: Lärares erfarenhet av styrkor och svagheter i arbetet med metoderna Friends och Mombus2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how six teachers, who work in two different schools, assess the methods Friends and Mombus in terms of bullying prevention. The Curriculum for elementary school (Lpo 94) emphasizes that it is the employees of schools who carry the main responsibility for preventing bullying among pupils. One of the main results of this study is that teachers, in addition to their work with Friends or Mombus, also need to use alternative methods to prevent bullying. Examples of these alternative methods include “Emotional Intelligence” as well as “friendship massage”. The result section also stresses the importance of anti-bullying teams when it comes to preventing harassments. At present there are no studies which have evaluated the results the Friends and Mombus methods have achieved. Since the methods are used in many schools in Sweden, the lack of evaluations is noteworthy. This study ends with a discussion on the complexity of bullying prevention. Further research is needed to clarify the results of different anti- bullying methods.

  • 61.
    Alnelind, Gunilla
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Handledarens roll i arbetsplatsförlagt lärande2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 62.
    Alpsten, Elisabet
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Ljungberg, Hanna
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Förskollärares uppfattningar av musiksamlingens roll i förskolan: En fenomenografisk studie2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 63.
    Altaf, Saadia
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Cospormac, Ghenadie
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Demutualization of stock exchanges: A case study : London Stock Exchange and Hong Kong Stock Exchange2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this study is to evaluate the impact of corporate ownership structure on the overall performance of stock exchanges. This study distinguishes in particular mutual versus demutualized ownership. London Stock Exchange and Hong Kong Stock Exchange are chosen as study cases, because London Stock Exchange is one of the world leading stock exchanges and Hong Kong Stock Exchange is definitely one of the most important emerging market stock exchanges. That is why the results obtained by comparing these two stock exchanges could serve as good indicator in understanding the effects of demutualization process on the whole stock exchange sector and retain the subtle differences in micro-behavior of the stock exchanges undergone the same transformation.

    In this paper the simple descriptive statistics is used as the method of analysis, in association to a profound review of the literature in this area. The data illuminate the fact that demutualized stock exchanges hold a stronger operating performance and a better performance in term of shareholder’s return than mutual exchanges. The result is generally in line with the basic theories in the area of corporate governance and empirical studies in this specific area like Aggarwal (2006), Mendiola and O’Hara (2003) and Hart and Moore (1996).

  • 64.
    Alvarsson, Oskar
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Lindbäck, Joacim
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Kampanjers effekter på köpprocessen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research question: What effects does sales promotion have on the five different stages in consumers buying process? How does sales promotion effects differ on the five different stages in consumers buying process depending on consumers age, gender, income and degree of purchase involvement?

    Purpose: The purpose of the study is to investigate what different effects sales promotion have on the five stages of consumers buying process. We aimed to investigate what effects sales promotion have on the fives stages of consumers buying process on basis of consumers gender, age, income and the degree of purchase involvement. The study aims to provide insights to retailers about the impact of sales promotion on the different types of consumers, which enables them to gain a deeper understanding of how they can work with sales promotion against their respective target groups. Furthermore, the study intends to contribute to the marketing subject by creating an increased understanding of how consumer behavior can change as a result of sales promotion.

    Method: In the study a qualitative method were used in form of four focus groups whereas the groups were divided into gender, age and income. We adopted a deductive approach were we could from the theoretical framework formulate expected results and then test it against reality in the focus groups.

    Conclusion: Our study shows that sales promotion have different grades of impact on the five stages in the buying process where need recognition and post-purchase evalutation did not were affected to a large extent by sales promotion. It is in the stages information search, evaluation of alternatives and the purchase that sales promotion have the biggest impact. Demographic factors and the extent of purchase involvement have an impact on the effects of sales promotion in most cases.

  • 65.
    Alvehus, Johan
    et al.
    Lund University, Department of Service Management and Service Studies, Sweden.
    Andersson, Thomas
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    A New Professional Landscape: Entangled Institutional Logics in Two Swedish Welfare Professions2018In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 91-109Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has made three parallel but incompatible observations on the contemporary development of welfare professions: loss of professional autonomy, hybridization, and maintained autonomy.  Yet,  research  providing  contextual  understanding  of  the  simultaneous  occurrence  of  these three observations is lacking. The aim of this theoretical paper is to identify and explain seemingly  contradictory  coexisting  features  of  modern  welfare  professions  through  a  compre-hensive reading of current literature on the health care and teaching professions in Sweden. The literature  has  demonstrated  entangled  institutional  logics,  in  which  simultaneous  but  differing  effects occur, thereby developing a new professional landscape.

  • 66.
    Alvehus, Johan
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Andersson, Thomas
    University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future. University of Skövde, School of Business.
    STYRNING OCH PROFESSIONELLT INFLYTANDE I OFFENTLIGA ORGANISATIONER2017Report (Other academic)
  • 67.
    Andersson , Jessica
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Frisén, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Trygg på skolgården?: En kvalitativ studie om faktorer som skapar trygghet och otrygghet enligt yngre elever.2008Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to the steering documents it is the teacher's responsibility to make every student feel safe. The aim is that through interviews with students in grades 2-3 from the focus groups show the factors that can provide security and insecurity in a schoolyard, in order to provide identifying factors that affect students' perception of security and insecurity. We also want to examine whether there are specific areas that constitute potential risk zones for students.

     

    We began by doing a pilot study to test the questions. Subsequently we conducted interviews with students in grades 4-5. We have used a qualitative approach with focus interviews. Five focus interviews with five students at each interview were performed.

     

    Our results show several factors that students either felt created security or insecurity. The factors identified as contributing to security was confirmation from friends, the game creates community, the size of the schoolyard and space for play, access to playmaterial, freedom to choose the activity and the teachers' presence. Factors that contributed to the insecurity was a fight, exclusion, vehicular and teachers' absence. Results also show where there is potential danger zones for students. Finally, the conclusions drawn about how security is tied to social interaction and a categorization of student statements from entirely safe to precarious was made.

     

    In the discussion we reflect on the method chosen. Then discussed the results and the literature in relation to the problems that can arise when working with different students. Although the social interaction positive advantages and disadvantages discussed utanförskapets and the pedagogical implications affecting friend relations and conflict resolution. Finally, suggestions for further research.

  • 68.
    Andersson, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    100-tals sidor som Är mer intressanta än det läraren talar om: Några elevers tankar om elevdatorer2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate students' perception of how computers are used in teaching. The question was to see if there are benefits, drawbacks, and if there are areas of change to use computers in teaching. Data Usage is increasing in today's society and in most schools, students get a private student computer use in education. Studies show that data usage will need to be individualized to better help the individual student. The wording of their school says that students should learn IT for their future profession and to better discuss with their consumers / patients. The method used is interviews. Six students in grades three to Health and care program in high school were interviewed. Four interviews were conducted in the study, three individual interviews and group interviews. The results indicate student computer means access to the student when it facilitates the ability to take notes. The computer prevents students in the teaching when it is watched on social media during class, making it difficult to focus on the teacher during the lesson. The computer makes it easier for students to organize their student records in a better way. The possibilities for change focused on improving their notes.

  • 69.
    Andersson, Anna
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Lindström Brage, Emelie
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Kärnkraft - en demokratifråga?: En studie om lärares kärnkraftsundervisning och ett rollspel i förhållande till demokratiuppdraget.2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The nuclear issue is highly topical after the Fukushima-accident and since the concept

    of democracy is the foundation of the Swedish school, it's pertinent to question how

    different forms of nuclear education is related to the democracy assignment. The

    purpose of this study was to examine how some teachers describe their nuclear

    education in relation to the democratic assignment and to create a roleplay about nuclear

    power using the teachers' thoughts and the democratic engagement. The first part of the

    study is based on interviews with high school teachers in science studies. They

    described their nuclear education and their dictums were analyzed in relation to the

    school's democratic assignment. The interviews revealed, not just factual about nuclear

    education, but also goals that can be linked to the democratic engagement; students

    should be able to argue, participate in public debate and take a position on the nuclear

    issue. Some described the factual knowledge as the primary objective, others as a means

    to achieve other objectives, such as the above. Respondents used different teaching

    methods, most common were traditional theory lessons and discussions. Positive was

    that the teachers pointed out many goals of democratic character, maybe because the

    nuclear issue is a controversial social issue, which may have led to that it's being

    considered a political issue. The study's second part was mainly based on literature and

    advice from experts in role-playing. The results showed that the role play, in theory,

    may develop important democratic skills and knowledge in students.

  • 70.
    Andersson, Annelie
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Dunge, Marielle
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Hållbarhetsrapportering: På vilket sätt framställer sig svenska modeföretag genom sina hållbarhetsredovisningar?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is becoming increasingly common for companies to publish sustainability reports. These aim to report the companies social, environmental and economical impact in a transparent and balanced way. Previous research has questioned the motives behind companies' work with CSR issues. Some argue that companies not only publish their sustainability reports to take responsibility for their impact, but also to use it as a marketing tool.

    There is a strong link between the fashion industry and CSR-related questions, as the industry has an affect on both environmental, social and economic conditions in their production chain. With this in mind, this study aimed to examine the way in which fashion enterprises on the Swedish market present themselves in their sustainability reports. The aim was to create an understanding of what is reported and furthermore describe how the companies portray themselves. This in order to come to a conclusion whether companies use their sustainability reports as marketing material, or if the reports are produced solely as factual information. In order to answer the research question, the sustainability reports were analysed in two steps. Firstly, a qualitative description of each company was made in order to convey a comprehensive picture of the content of the sustainability reports. Moreover a quantitative content analysis was carried out, which treated factors as the “content”, “non-narrative information”, “business relationships”, “future hopes”, “actual behaviour”, “positive and negative revelations related to the company” and “the legitimisation of negative aspects”.

    The study showed that fashion enterprises mainly present social information, and also that the content is primarily positive, which corresponds with previous research. Furthermore, images are used to a great extent in relation to the number of pages of the reports. In light of this the impression is that the companies chose to present themselves in a positive manner with tendencies towards marketing.

  • 71.
    Andersson, Ann-Louise
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Andersson, Marica
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    "Se mig, för här är jag": Lärares resonemang kring innebörden av begreppet individanpassad undervisning i skolår 12009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Curriculum for the Compulsory School System, the Pre-School Class and the Leisure-time Centre (Lpo 94) is clear in its definition that individualized tuition shall be applied in the school and that the tuition shall come from the individual pupil’s needs. Since research emphasizes that the definition and meaning of the term needs is not clear we found it interesting to research how teachers define the meaning of the term individualized tuition in school year 1 with special focus on the aspect of pupils’ needs. In order to study active teachers’ reasoning and dictums regarding this we chose a qualitative method with interviews as aid to gather data. The collected material has been analyzed and subsequently discussed with reference to research within the area. The result shows that individualized tuition is regarded as a question of conditions. The identification of individual pupils’ needs is what is perceived to be the basis of how the education should be individualized. The difficulty lies in that it is not always easy to identify the needs. The result showed that the possibility to individualize bases itself in the access of resources and the school subject’s nature. The result also show that age integrated classes is an advantage considering the access of resources, since cooperation between coworkers makes it easier to enable individualized tuition.

  • 72.
    Andersson Bustad, Susanne
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Magiska ögonblick och förlorade möjligheter: En studie i möjligheterna att lära med utgångspunkt i elevernas förkunskaper, svårigheter med lärandeobjektet och variationen i det erbjudna lärandet.2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based on an interest in trying to understand what is needed to ensure that students actually learn in a learning object, in this study equations. Algebra is an area of mathematics in several studies proved to be a stumbling block for many students. Using letters in mathematis is difficult for most students according to research reports and it is also consistent with my own experince as a teacher. The purpose of this study was to seek answers to what in the lesson content and also during the interview that allowed the students to learn more about the learning object. Based on students' prior knowledge and the difficulties students might have with the learning object and the offer of learning, I try to get an answer to what might have contribut the students to developed knowledge of the learning object. This qualitative study is based on a variation theory perspective. The two students who participated in the study attended the same class in high school. By using the theory of variation patterns, it made it possible for me to describe how students learn new things about the learning object, equations. To gain insight into how the students solved the data and developed new knowledge, I had the lesson content and their statements in the interviews to help me understand the difficulties in solving the equtionatask and what in the lessons that have contributed to new knowledge. The results show that pupils' understanding and difficulties in learning objects are relevant to how they can perceive, discern and assimilate new knowledge. One student was able to experience learning from their prior knowledge and assimilate what he had to develop in the variety in the offer of learning. The offered learning did not give the second student the same opportunity. The results indicates that the knowledge of students' prior knowledge, the difficulties the learning object can create and students' own narrative, I argue on the basis of the study'sresults, it is important knowledge for every teacher to be aware of befor the presentation of the lesson if it will give every student opportunities to learn.

  • 73.
    Andersson, Caroline
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Bergström, Helena
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Samlingens funktion och innebörd i förskolan: En kvalitativ studie ur ett lärarperspektiv2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to give deeper knowledge about the circle time in preschool. The studys starting point is teachers understandings about the function of circle time in preschool and what meaning it has for them. The questions of issue in the study are: What function does the circle time have in preschool? and What meaning have the circle time for teachers?To find out more about teachers' understanding about the circle time, a qualitative method with the interview technique was used. Six teachers with various educations from two preschools was asked to participate, choice of preschools and teachers is based on convenience. The result of the study is that the circle time has two meanings, partly as a phenomenon, partly as a working method. Circle time as a phenomenon shows that the teachers describe the circle time as “something” with focus on the content, for example that the circle time has a social function where the group is strengthen. The result shows that the circle time is a working method that teachers use to widen their view on the circle time and to get knowledge about the children that participate. The circle time gives teachers opportunity to afterwards consider their role and the activity itself.

  • 74.
    Andersson, Caroline
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Hermansson, Annika
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    #Kroppsuppfattning: En socialpsykologisk studie om hur unga individer upplever den egna kroppen när de använder Instagram2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett samhällsproblem i dagens Sverige är att fler individer i större utsträckning påverkas negativt av sociala medier. Instagram är ett av de största sociala medier som används idag och de bilder som publiceras på Instagram är oftast inriktade på kroppen. Denna kvalitativa fenomenologiska studie har som syfte att utforska och förstå unga individers upplevelse av kroppen vid användandet av Instagram. Studien använder kroppsuppfattning, utseendeideal, social jämförelse, social påverkan och kritiskt tänkande som teoretiska utgångspunkter för att skapa en djupare förståelse kring studiens fenomen och essens. Studien bidrar till en förståelse för det socialpsykologiska perspektivet gällande individens subjektiva upplevelse av kroppen utifrån Instagramanvändning. Tio informanter i åldrarna 18–25 år deltog i semistrukturerade intervjuer som analyserades utifrån en tematisk analysmetod. Resultatet visade att majoriteten av informanterna upplevde den egna kroppen negativt vid användandet av Instagram då de upplevde att kroppen som framställs på Instagram är snyggare, smalare och mer vältränad. Jämförelse mellan den egna kroppen och kroppen på Instagram visade sig därför vara av stor betydelse för hur informanterna upplevde kroppen. Resultatet visade även att kritiskt tänkande är en viktig del i hur nformanterna upplevde deras kroppsuppfattning vid användandet av Instagram.

  • 75.
    Andersson, Elin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Hansson, Malin
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Taktil massage i förskolan: Metodens effekter ur ett pedagogiskt perspektiv2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose of the study was to investigate teachers' intentions with the use of tactile massage as educational emphasis in early childhood education, with the goal to identify and describe different conceptions as to the effects of using tactile massage in early childhood education from an educator's perspective.

    The study has a phenomenographic approach, an approach that implies that the researcher investigates people's perceptions and variations of a phenomenon. Data collection consisted of interviews with six teachers who used or use tactile massage in early childhood education.

    The result of the study shows that the teachers’ intentions to use tactile massage can be traced to the social, physical, psychological and cognitive effects. Effects that respondents perceive the use of tactile massage.   

    The conclusion reads as follows: that the use of tactile massage causes the teacher who chooses the method tactile massage facing an educational dilemma, which means that the teacher must choose between what is most important, a values perspective or a didactic perspective.

  • 76.
    Andersson, Elna
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Ekman, Johan
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    E-handel av dagligvaror: Varför tillämpas det inte mer?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The digitalization has led to a major change in consumer’s buying behaviour. In many businesses, for example retail, e-commerce has become very popular and it is about to influence heavily the convenience goods business too. Among Swedish consumers, it is common that they at least once, have experienced buying groceries online. But the total revenue share for online grocery sales indicates that it is not done in the same extent, compared to other businesses. Purchase of groceries occur often and repeated and is characterized by a habitual behaviour. There is still though more factors that affects how Swedish consumers purchase their groceries.

     

    The purpose of this study is to create understanding why Swedish consumers do not purchase groceries online in a larger extent. They have good experience of online purchasing in the retail business as well as they are familiar with buying groceries online. The study also aims to identify the influencing factors when a consumer chooses online purchasing for grocery shopping.

     

    The result of the study concludes why consumers choose to not purchase their groceries through e-commerce. It depends on consumers’ habitual behavior, but also their need of touch and feel the groceries before purchase. They are also not willing to pay the extra fees that comes with the service of purchasing groceries through e-commerce. The factors that affect a consumer choosing e-commerce for grocery shopping are convenience, availability and time saving.

     

    Suggestions to further research is to have a broader selection of respondents, with a wider range of age, from all over Sweden. This will enable to generalize and draw conclusions of a larger population.

  • 77.
    Andersson, Emi
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Kemborn, Matilda
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Revisorns personlighet: Revisorns personliga inverkan på dokumentationen samt revisionskvaliteten under tidspress2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Tidigare forskning har visat på att tidspress är ett utbrett problem i revisionsbranschen. Detta då revisorer under tidspress har visat sig tillämpa diverse oönskade handlingar som kan ha en negativ inverkan på dokumentationen och revisionskvaliteten. Det finns även forskning som visar på att personligheten kan ha en inverkan på hur revisorn hanterar tidspressen. Detta kan således tänkas innebära att även dokumentationen hanteras olika under tidspress beroende på revisorns personlighet. Problemformulering: Vilken inverkan har en revisors personlighet på dokumentationen av en revision under tidspress? Vilken inverkan har revisorns personliga hantering av dokumentationen under tidspress i sin tur på revisionskvaliteten? Syfte: Vårt syfte är att skapa förståelse för hur olika personlighetsdrag hanterar dokumentationen av en revision under tidspress för att få en bättre insikt i hur en revisors personlighet inverkar på revisionskvaliteten. Metod: För att uppnå studiens syfte har en kvalitativ metod använts. Datainsamlingen har bestått av åtta stycken semistrukturerade intervjuer. Intervjuerna har genomförts med revisorer från en och samma revisionsbyrå, men på olika kontor i Sverige. Urvalet av revisorerna var ett strategiskt urval då revisorerna är valda med omsorg för att passa in i studiens syfte. Resultat och slutsats: Studien visar på att revisorns personlighet kan ha en inverkan på dokumentationen under tidspress samt även för vilken revisionskvalitet som revisionen får. Personlighetsdraget utåtriktning inverkar under tidspress på dokumentationen, samt revisionskvaliteten, betydligt mer negativt än personlighetsdraget vänlighet. Vad det gäller personlighetsdraget noggrannhet är inverkan inte lika påtaglig negativ som för utåtriktning, men inte heller lika försiktig som för vänlighet. Dessa slutsatser är dock svåra att tillämpa då det finns tydliga indikationer på att det skiljer sig åt även inom personlighetsdragen. Vidare finns det även indikationer på att ytterligare faktorer också kan ha en inverkan, som exempelvis revisorns erfarenhet.

  • 78.
    Andersson, Emma
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Laitinen, Emelie
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    SJUKSKÖTERSKEPROFESSIONENS IDENTIFIKATION: Medarbetarskap i professionella organisationer2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: People tend to identify themselves with different social groups based on, for instance, professional or organizational affiliation. Individuals who identify themselves with the same social group often create similar norms and values, which create a sense of belonging. In a professional organization professional co-workers tend to identify themselves with their profession rather than their organization, which in turn affects the relationship between the individual and the organization. In recent years the concept of co-workership has become increasingly popular in the Swedish labor market. The concept of co-workership includes how employees handle the relationship with their employer and to their own work. Depending on the extent to which employees identify themselves with their profession and their organization these relationships are affected.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to describe how professional identification influences the co-workership in professional organizations.

    Method: To give a descriptive picture of the chosen area the study is based on a qualitative approach. In order to describe how professional identification influences the co-workership in professional organizations two case studies has been conducted, both organizations are to be found in the health care field. The study is based on qualitative interviews with respondents belonging to a chosen profession.

    Results and conclusion: The present study has revealed that professional co-workers in a professional organization tend to identify themselves with their profession rather than their organization. Since co-workership is based on relationships both with employers and to the co-workers own work the professional identification therefor has an influence on the co-workership. The present study further revealed that trust occurs more widely within the own profession. It has also been found that fellowship and collaboration primarily occurs within the own profession. The study has shown that professionals tend to experience a stronger commitment to their work than to their organization, they also tend to take more responsibility for their own work than for the whole organization.

  • 79.
    Andersson, Emma
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Svanström, Johanna
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Könsfördelning och karriärmöjligheter inom revisionsbranschen2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka hur könsfördelningen ser ut på tre revisionsbyråer i Jönköping. Intresset för undersökningen väcktes genom ett seminarie där en liknande undersökning hade gjorts i England för ett antal år sedan. Vi blev då nyfikna på att se hur situationen såg ut i Jönköping. Vi undersökte om det var en jämn könsfördelning på de tre olika byråerna, samt hur många män respektive kvinnor det fanns på de olika befattningarna, dvs. assistent, godkänd, auktoriserad och delägare. Vi ville dessutom undersöka hur de anställda upplever sina möjligheter till att göra karriär inom branschen. Har män och kvinnor olika syn på sina möjligheter till att göra karriär?

    Undersökningen genomfördes genom personliga intervjuer och resultatet visar att det är en jämn könsfördelning på byråerna, men att andelen kvinnor på högre befattningar är avsevärt mindre än andelen män. Undersökningen visar även att det inte finns någon skillnad mellan könen när det gäller hur de upplever möjligheten till att göra karriär.

  • 80.
    Andersson, Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Demokrati- och mångfaldsprojekt i Södra Ryd: Utegården Skogsmyran2014Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektrapport från ett samverkansprojekt mellan Högskolan i Skövde, AB Skövdebostäder och Skövde kommun.

  • 81.
    Andersson, Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Det politiska rummet: villkor för situationspolitisk socialisation i en nätgemenskap av och för ungdomar2012Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim is to analyse the institutional character of, and the on-going communication in, a net community organised by and for young people. This is achieved using terms of conditions for situational political socialisation – a situation in a specific context in which the participants, within the battle between different groups attempting to organise society through interaction and action, adopt political preferences and skills. The thesis builds on agonism, a political theory in which controversy and struggle are viewed as prerequisites for human life that uses language as a political act. The net community, as an institution, contingently depends on political rebirth via action and communication. The use of language creates places that give the institution meaning while at the same time the institution claims the participants and their creation of meaning. Black Heart, the analysed net community, is a quasi-public space for and by young people aged between 14 and 28 years. It is a cultural community where political conversations take place among other kinds of communication. The institutional character of Black Heart and ten politically controversial conversations are analysed, using a case study method that applies web content analysis and computer mediated discourse analysis. There is a strong institutional framework operating in the political text conversations of Black Heart, the participants are governed by the institution and the participants govern each other. The political communication is characterised by revealing and arguing for political interest. To challenge is the dominant category of political action which constitutes political subjects that are offensive, argumentative and polemic. Political communication and the on-going interaction generate an educational situation in which the participants are expected to be content oriented, argumentative, expressive, communicative and polemic.  

  • 82.
    Andersson, Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Nya portar?: Ungas delaktighet i politiska beslutsprocesser på kommunal nivå2015Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    2014 års Demokratiutredning har i uppgift att analysera behovet av och utarbeta förslag till åtgärder för att öka och bredda engagemanget inom den representativa demokratin. Utredningen ska även föreslå åtgärder i syfte att stärka individens möjligheter till delaktighet i och inflytande över det politiska beslutsfattandet mellan de allmänna valen. En särskild uppgift för utredningen är att belysa frågor om ungas politiska representation, delaktighet och inflytande. Inom ramen för denna uppgift ska utredningen bl.a. se över vilka effekter som befintliga forum för ungas inflytande, såsom ungdomsråd och ungdomsfullmäktige, har haft för ungas möjligheter till inflytande och delaktighet.

    Erik Andersson har på uppdrag av 2014 års Demokratiutredning skrivit en underlagsrapport om Skövde kommuns arbete med ungas delaktighet i de politiska beslutsprocesserna. Erik Andersson är lektor i pedagogik vid Högskolan i Skövde.

  • 83.
    Andersson, Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Producing and consuming the controversial: A social media perspective on political conversations in the social science classroom2016In: Journal of Social Science Education, ISSN 1611-9665, E-ISSN 1618-5293, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 6-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Teachers find it difficult to conduct political controversial conversations in the social science classroom and due to an increased use of social media in educational settings new challenges and possibilities are raised. The use of social media causes fundamental changes to the role of the learner who becomes a producer and consumer – a prosumer – of educational content. With a social media perspective and a didactical focus on learning in democracy and political action the article discusses didactical conditions and possibilities of political controversial conversations in social science education and derives a set of didactic strategies. When approaching the classroom as a diverse ideological public space, recognising the students as political agents and using a social media perspective it is possible to balance the function of education – socialisation, qualification and subjectification – and at the same time stimulate societal engagement and political action.

  • 84.
    Andersson, Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Rum och plats i didaktiken: Om VAR-frågan i svensk didaktisk forskning och undervisning – exemplet digitalamedier2012In: Utbildning och Lärande / Education and Learning, ISSN 2001-4554, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 16-27Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 85.
    Andersson, Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Situational political socialization: a normative approach to young people’s adoption and acquisition of political preferences and skills2015In: Journal of Youth Studies, ISSN 1367-6261, E-ISSN 1469-9680, Vol. 18, no 8, p. 967-983Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on young people’s political socialization has had an adult-centered top–down bias in which young people are considered incomplete and in need of the right upbringing. The article attempts to balance this bias. The aim is to introduce and argue for another normative approach – situational political socialization. Four theoretical elements constitute its basis: (1) the political, (2) contingency (the principle of the public sphere), (3) space and place, and (4) situation. In the contingent western digital media society marked by cultural dissemination, individualism, and the erosion of traditional institutions, situational political socialization represents a normative basis for a research approach which is open, action-oriented and contextualized, viewing young people as political actors in their own right.

  • 86.
    Andersson, Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Sociala medier och politiskt kontroversiella samtal2015In: Kontroversiella frågor: Om kunskap och politik i samhällsundervisningen / [ed] Carsten Ljunggren, Ingrid Unemar Öst & Tomas Englund, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2015, 1, p. 77-94Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kunskap och politik hänger ofta ihop och kan skapa kontroverser i undervisningen. Kontroversiella frågor har inga givna svar, och uppfattningarna om i vilken grad man ska anse en fråga kontroversiell skiljer sig ofta åt. Frågorna har en påtaglig samhällspolitisk relevans, vilket betyder att människor med skilda perspektiv och åsikter står mot varandra – både i samhället och i klassrummet.

    Själva kontroversen handlar alltså om att det finns konkurrerande uppfattningar, inte bara om en frågas kunskapsbaserade svar, utan också om hur den ska värderas och vilken betydelse den ska ha. Vilka frågor som bör hanteras som kontroversiella varierar från tid till annan och från kultur till kultur. I den här boken belyser författarna olika förutsättningar och erfarenheter av att arbeta med kontroversiella frågor i relation till det internationella forskningsfältet controversial issues education.

    En av slutsatserna är att en lärare behöver kvalificerade kunskaper och kunna göra didaktiska överväganden, för att kunna hantera en kontroversiell fråga i undervisningen. Det krävs förmåga att ta hänsyn till de omständigheter som finns i varje skola, och till de kunskaper, värderingar och erfarenheter som eleverna bär med sig.

  • 87.
    Andersson, Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Stake in the political: Young people´s condition for political socialization in social media2010In: Politics, Culture and Socialization, ISSN 1866-3427, E-ISSN 2196-1417, Vol. 1, no 4, p. 379-396Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article concerns young people’s political acting on their own terms. With a broad understanding of the political life – the political – and a recognition of space and place as central aspects determining young people’s condition for political socialization, the use of stake in a political conversation between young people is analyzed as an approach to describe and discuss aspects of political socialization in a public room within the social media – the net community. The political conversation within the national net community is shown to be built up and maintained by certain discursive conditions and pressures determining the character of the conversation, as well as the conditions to which you are expected to conform as a participant within this place. The findings indicate that young people’s political conversation – their political acting – in social media could be a new form of political communication with its own unique characteristics, creating conditions for young people’s political socialization.

  • 88.
    Andersson, Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Temapresentation: Deltagande och inflytande - inkluderingens demokratiska och politiska möjligheter2015In: Utbildning och Lärande / Education and Learning, ISSN 2001-4554, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 8-18Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 89.
    Andersson, Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Text som kontext - rum, plats och text som social situation2010In: Utbildning och lärande, ISSN 1653-0594, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 76-96Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ability to express oneself in text has come to be an even more pressuring task due to new media. The use of text in the new media and the school looks slightly different and create different claims on which kind of text activity that are advocated. Language activity and use of text in different spaces and places has become a constituent principle in the western society of today – language and the use of text is seen as the ontological condition for social life. The historical and conventional media notion of public and reception has been replaced by a more complex communication situation due to the digital media. Related to this context and the linguistic turn, three concepts; text action, text conversation and the pedagogy of place are developed and exemplified by a national net community. The theoretical contribution makes it possible to understand and approach the use of text and the complexity this use in different spaces and places articulates. The national net community is discussed in relation to the school exemplifying two different public spaces where new media is put forward illustrating a social situation consti-tuted of text – young people’s use of text practically becomes context. How can we understand and approach this new educational situation?

  • 90.
    Andersson, Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    The political voice of young citizens: Educational conditions for political conversation - school and social media2012In: Utbildning och Demokrati, ISSN 1102-6472, E-ISSN 2001-7316, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 97-119Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Political conversation is a prerequisite for social cohesion in society. Due to digital media, a new educational situation has been shaped that creates different conversational possibilities in which the political conversation can take place. The analysis of two cases, the international students' questionnaire used in the ICCS 2009 and findings from research in a Swedish net community, represents two spaces - school and social media - containing specific educational conditions for political conversation. These two spaces are used to problematize and discuss, in terms of political socialisation, educational conditions for political conversation in school. The Political Voice of Young Citizens is shown to be framed by different conditions depending on where, when, and how the political conversation is institutionally arranged and directed.

  • 91.
    Andersson, Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Värdebasen i Den Tionde Dagen: om normer, praxisteori och värden i lokal skolutveckling2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a local school development project the principles of values and norms are studied. The focus of the study is set on the moral of the collective (norms), the praxis theory (norms and valuations) and the value foundation within the context of a local school development project. The value base is compared to the value discourse in the national curriculum. In a greater perspective the study is about understanding the essence of school development. The ontological and epistemological perspectives make the value objective theory. Values become objects for assimilation and guidance of humans as social beings in the world. The values are found in the intersubjectiv construction, in the social community, where values come to exist. The research is in the areas of pedagogy and philosophy. The main technique used for collecting empirical materials is focus groups.

    Pedagogical and ethical value discourses come in to sight and are expressed by the teachers. The pedagogical values Development, Participation and Autonomy are all of great importance in the practice of teaching. On the one hand the teaching fundament is constituted by the pedagogical values, the duty of teaching. The ethical values Respect, Development, The duty to do the assignment, Freedom and The integrity of the individual, are, on the other hand all units of importance in the construction of a good school. In teaching praxis the ethical values legitimate the things that are going on. In the organization of The Tenth Day the ethical values stand for the duty of educating children. In the context of local school development pedagogical and ethical values show the existing understanding of the national curriculum. In this wholeness teachers’ values in the pedagogical deed and values for the pedagogical deed exist. If those two perspectives are used they will create a teaching praxis that contains the interaction between teachers as well as between teachers and their pupils. This interaction constructs the value base as a whole.

    The theoretical contribution of this study contains a new perspective of approaching school development. They are closely related to the praxis and they also show the underlying values in an organization by defining the central concepts/ideas and using them as tools.

  • 92.
    Andersson, Erik
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Olson, Maria
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education. Stockholm University, Centre for Teaching and Learning in the Humanities, Sweden.
    Political Participation as Public Pedagogy: The Educational Situation in Young People’s Political Conversations in Social Media2014In: Journal of Social Science Education, ISSN 1611-9665, E-ISSN 1618-5293, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 110-121Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we argue that young people’s political participation in the social media can be considered ‘public pedagogy’. The argument builds on a previous empirical analysis of a Swedish net community called Black Heart. Theoretically, the article is based on a particular notion of public pedagogy, education and Hannah Arendt’s expressive agonism. The political participation that takes place in the net community builds up an educational situation that involves central characteristics: communication, community building, a strong content focus and content production, argumentation and rule following. These characteristics pave the way for young people’s public voicing, experiencing, preferences and political interests that guide their everyday political life and learning – a phenomenon that we understand as a form of public pedagogy.

  • 93.
    Andersson, Erik
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Sandgren, Susanne
    Skaraborgs Kommunalförbund, Skövde, Sverige.
    Delaktighet som pedagogik och demokratiskt värde för fullföljandet av studier: kunskapsbidrag från ett utvecklingsprojekt2015In: Utbildning och Lärande / Education and Learning, ISSN 2001-4554, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 80-101Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Participation as a pedagogy and democratic value turns out to be a critical element in students’ completion of school. Completed education is a regional development project in which a survey has been conducted in order to identify successful strategies to promote completed education in school. In an analysis, in the context of the survey, with an emphasis on school and participation as a pedagogy and democratic value, several findings are shown. It turns out that the importance of participation manifests itself through an emphasis on the societal and democratic mission of school; school ethos; the value praxis of school; pedagogical approach; and viewing the pupil as capable. It is, in more detail, shown that it is particularly crucial to understand the completion of school as a pedagogical problem; create sustainable institutional structures not bound to one person; and to make sure that students are participants in their own studies.

  • 94.
    Andersson, Erik
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Öhman, Johan
    School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Young people's conversations about environmental and sustainability issues in social media2017In: Environmental Education Research, ISSN 1350-4622, E-ISSN 1469-5871, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 465-485Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Young people’s conversations about environmental and sustainability issues in social media and their educational implications are under-researched. Understanding young people’s meaning-making in social media and the experiences they acquire could help teachers to stage pluralistic and participatory approaches to classroom discussions about the environment and sustainability. The aim of the article is to explore the characteristics of meaning-making in young people’s conversations about environmental and sustainability issue in social media, more precisely in an online community. The study takes a public pedagogy and citizenship-as-practice approach and uses Epistemological Move Analysis. The conversation are shown to be argumentative, sophisticated, elaborative and competitive and create an educational situation in which facts about the world and moral and political values and interests are confronted and argued. The findings raise questions about pluralistic and participatory approaches and the staging of classroom conversations in environmental and sustainability education.

  • 95.
    Andersson, Erika
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Rynning, Linda
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Karlsson, Marie
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    ”Tjugo olika elever innebär tjugo olika sätt att lära”: en studie om elevinflytande och lärstilar2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna kvalitativa empiriska studie utfördes i grundskolans första år och syftade till att undersöka och jämföra elevers och lärares uppfattningar om elevers inflytande och olika sätt att lära i undervisningen av bokstäver. För att kunna undersöka detta har intervjuer med både elever och lärare använts som datainsamlingsmetod. Studiens resultat visade att elevers och lärares uppfattningar skiljde sig åt när det handlade om elevers olika sätt att lära – lärstilar. Lärarna tyckte att de varierade sig när det handlade om lärstilar men eleverna tyckte inte att denna variation var tillräcklig. Åsikterna om elevernas inflytande över undervisningen stämde däremot överens. Lärarna ansåg att eleverna var för unga för att kunna ta hela ansvaret för sitt lärande och eleverna hade därför inte något större inflytande. Dessa områden behandlas även i diskussionsdelen. Slutsatser som kunde dras under arbetet med studien var att eleverna efterlyste mer kinestetiska inslag i undervisningen och att lärarna behövde blir mer medvetna om elevernas olika lärstilar.

  • 96.
    Andersson, Eva
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Landestedt, Lisa
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Skolan som samarbetspartner: En kvantitativ studie om föräldrars tankar kring skolan.2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Everyone has in some extent their own experiences of school; it means that thoughts and attitudes vary depending on who is asked. Awareness, communication and commitment are essential elements for the cooperation between home and school. The school has over time been characterized by different power configurations that contributed to the teachers' authority was granted. Today, school and parents both are responsible for children’s education, therefore it´s pedagogues’ personal characteristics that becomes the authority. The purpose of this study was to investigate how parents of children in grades 1-3 think about the collaboration between home and school. The study is based on parent surveys in three counties in central Sweden. The result shows that parents wants to bee involved in their child's schooling, conversations about school is a priority. The result indicates both similarities and differences based on respondents' gender, age and educational level. The compilation also reveals that schools profiling shines through in respondents' language. The study shows the pedagogues´ difficulties to meet all parents' views, while their opinions must be addressed. Pedagogues’ can´t possibly meet all the parents at the same time, while their views should not be taken for granted.

  • 97.
    Andersson, Jacob
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Kägu, David
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Casting glamour: En fenomenologisk studie om HBTQ-personers uttryck av sexualitet och kön i Final Fantasy XIV2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Online games allow players all over the world to interact with each other in new ways in virtual worlds. Through the creation of visual representations of the players they can communicate and express themselves beyond the limits of the physical world. In this phenomenological study we investigate how and if LGBT individuals experience that they can express sexuality and gender identity in the online roleplaying game Final Fantasy XIV and if the game community affects this experience. With qualitative methods players of Final Fantasy XIV were interviewed to capture this experience and through a queer theoretical lens critically examine the norms of the game. These experiences were also analysed from a dramaturgical perspective and a focus on identity theories. The results suggest that the player, despite restrictions, find new and creative ways of expressing their sexuality and gender in the game world. The players do this by constructing alternative identities and perform with their avatars on the stage that is the virtual world. The community is a major part of this as the accepting atmosphere is perceived to encourage openness.

  • 98.
    Andersson, Joacim
    et al.
    Department of Education, University of Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Maivorsdotter, Ninitha
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    The 'body pedagogics' of an elite footballer's career path - analysing Zlatan Ibrahimovic's biography2017In: Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, ISSN 1740-8989, E-ISSN 1742-5786, Vol. 22, no 5, p. 502-517Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Pedagogical research on career is encouraged to not limit sport learning to athletic skills, coaching effectiveness and coach–athlete relationships, but to also focus on learning in a multidimensional sense in the context of an athlete’s individual and social biography. This article examines an elite athlete’s career path as a body pedagogic phenomenon involving processes of self-transformation in relation to practical, social and embodied environments.

    Purpose: The purpose is to analyse the career path of the elite footballer Zlatan Ibrahimovic by focusing on how different learning environments relate to different embodiments of techniques and skills and how values and norms shape professionalism.

    Theoretical frameworks: A combined framework of body pedagogics and John Dewey’s theory of aesthetic experience is used to understand an elite career path as a learning trajectory involving different self-transformation means. Hence, the elite athlete is viewed as a career climber who creates his own educational pathway and engages in processes of participating, acquiring and becoming.

    Data analysis: A practical epistemology analysis (PEA) with a focus on aesthetic judgements is used to analyse the narrative of Zlatan’s career path as it is portrayed in the biography I Am Zlatan: My Story on and Off the Field. One major theme is identified, namely that Zlatan develops from being a dribbler to a striker. Against this background, Zlatan Ibrahomovic’s self-transformation is scrutinised in relation to three different sub-themes (suburb, arena and team) in three different ways (auto-didactic, education and educator) to create distinct and heterogeneous forms of knowledge in support of professional artistry.

    Results: The analysis offers an elaborated empirical description of how the means and ends of self-transformation develop reciprocally throughout Zlatan’s elite career and how this relates to practical, social and embodied environments. Examples of body pedagogic outcomes are: (1) different commitments to training, team culture and the coach–athlete relationship (social), (2) that Zlatan uses his dribbling skills more purposefully for scoring goals and satisfying the coach (embodied) and (3) that he is able to win different leagues and titles with different teams (practical).

  • 99.
    Andersson, Jonny
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Andersson, Caroline
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Gemensam struktur för den kommunala ekonomistyrningen2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Municipalities must establish budget annually but they are free to decide how the governance should be designed, this can lead to lack of consistency and measurability within and between municipalities. The purpose of this thesis was to present a proposal for a unified and more measurable financial structure of a municipality where this was lacking.

     

    In our theory we describe the issues of traditional management control and we introduce an alternative control with non-financial ratios included, called the Balanced Scorecard. In the empirical data it is investigated how the governance of a municipality could be designed, according to the respondents. In the analysis the information gathered to reach the answers to what are considered to be useful governance in municipality, are examined.

     

    In the conclusion, we design Balanced Scorecards with both financial and non-financial ratios to the councils of the municipality.

  • 100.
    Andersson, Kajsa-Stina
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Karlström, Pernilla
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    "Förhoppningsvis når man alla någon gång": - en kvalitativ studie om individanpassad undervisning2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Literature that contains the concept individual tailored education show both positive and negative aspects, regarding this method. With this background, we found it interesting to examine how active teachers, in the compulsory school, express about individual tailored education. In order to study how it is in the reality, we have chosen to use us of a qualitative method, with interviews for collecting of information. The information that was gathered have then been analyzed and described with the aid of theory connection. The result showed that timerelated individualization is the most common type that teachers applies in their education, but the respondents also points out the importens to adapt the education on the basis of each individual, in another word difficultrelated individualization. The respondents maintained also that this work form is to advantage for the pupils who have difficulties, something that distinguish from research within the area. The study also showed another interesting aspect, namely that there were contradictions between teachers and researchers, whether individual tailored education is an illusion or if it is reality. An obstacle that the respondents points out is that the school of today has big classes with only one teacher, which means that it, according to time, can be difficult to organize individual tailored education.

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