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  • 51.
    Andersson, Jimmy
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Söderlund, Tina
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Wennerberg, Martina
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Yrkesrelaterad stress inom kommunal hemsjukvård ur ett vårdarperspektiv2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 52.
    Andersson, Johan
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Runsten, Andreas
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskans erfarenheter av mötet med närstående till patienter med hjärtstopp inom den prehospitala sjukvården2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The encounter between the nurse and relatives is of great significance within healthcare treatment, not the least in prehospital emergency care. Nurses within the ambulance services will in complicated situations meet chocked relatives of patients with cardiac arrest. The aim of the study is to describe nurses’ experiences of the encounter with relatives of patients with cardiac arrest within the prehospital emergency care.

    The collection of data was conducted through interviews with eight nurses within the ambulance services. The informants have rendered encounters they’ve had with relatives of patients with cardiac arrest. The interviews were recorded and transcribed. Thereafter a qualitative content analysis was made on the texts, from where three major themes, and a number of sub themes, emerged. The three major themes were “Communicating with relatives”, “Managing relatives’ reactions” and “Acting ethically correct towards relatives”.

    The result shows that the nurse’s way of communicating affects the encounter. Through a convincing and distinct manner the nurse seeks contact with relatives. This makes it possible to convey calmness to the relatives, and help them comprehend the situation. Sometimes though, relatives can project their grief and despair onto the nurse, who may be accused of not having done enough. It was detected, that relatives may be a second priority in a cardiac arrest-situation where there has only arrived one set of ambulance crew. Through experience the chances to reach a good encounter increases.

  • 53.
    Andersson, Josefine
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Karlsson, Johnny
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Hiv-positivas erfarenheter av möten med vårdpersonal i allmänna vården: En intervjustudie2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe HIV-carriers’ experiences of encounters with caregivers in the public health care.

    The result is based on experiences of eight respondents. The participants had lived with HIV from three to twenty-three years. The data was collected by qualitative interviews.

    The results show that HIV-carriers have a low trust of the secrecy in the public health care. They experience resistance in form of long wait and of being denied care and treatment. People with HIV mean that caregivers get scared, distant and avoid physical contact after being told about the HIV-diagnosis. HIV-carriers experience that health care staff waste resources and devote themselves in unnecessary protective measures. They also describe afear of contact with the public health care.

    Positive experiences have by the HIV-positive been described as not being given any special treatment due to their illness. If the medical staff is understanding, open minded and don´t ask strange questions it infuses a sense of security. HIV-carriers appreciate encounters where the information about their blood-borne virus are being received with equanimity and does not trigger any negative reactions.

  • 54.
    Andersson, Kerstin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Uggeldahl, Danijela
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Distriktssköterskors erfarenheter av kommunikation med patienter i palliativ hemsjukvård: -en intervjustudie2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    About 90 000 people die every year in Sweden. Some of them die in their homes. In the community, the district nurse has responsibility for palliative care. This study is based on nine interviews with district nurses working in community home care in three different communities. Its aim is to describe district nurses’ experiences of communication with patients in palliative home care. A comprehensive theme evolved which was named The multifaceted communication could be described on the basis of two categories: The simple communication and The difficult communication. The analysis resulted in following seven subcategories: To be successful in communication, Patients’ acceptance of their situation, To be there for the patients, To communicate with patients when relatives are on the same level, Failure in communication, Patients’ lack of acceptance of their situation and Meeting relatives and people close to the patient when they are not on the same level. As student district nurses and authors, we hope that this study will increase the awareness of how district nurses experience communication in palliative care and thereby increase our knowledge and improve communication between district nurses and patients in palliative care.

  • 55.
    Andersson, Kristin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Lundblom Bäckström, Maria
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskans möjligheter att hjälpa kvinnor med bröstcancer att hantera fatigue: En Litteraturbaserad studie2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Fatigue is a side effect for women with breast cancer undergoing adjuvant therapy. The nurse can through nursing interventions help these women to manage and reduce side effects of fatigue. The concept of empowerment and the Orem theory of self-help can beviewed as a basis for the nurse in nursing. Purpose: To describe how women with breast cancer during adjuvant treatment, manage and reduce symptom of fatigue with the help of nursing care interventions, founded in the concept of empowerment and self-help. Method: Literature-based study based on twelve qualitative and quantitative articles. Results: The incidence of fatigue remains, but different methods can reduce levels. Exercise and movement can alleviate the degree of fatigue. Musclerelaxation exercises resulted in decreased levels and decreased perception of fatigue. A balanced sleep and reduced stress resulted in positive effects on perceived fatigue. Conclusion: There are several of nursing interventions that are possible to implement both for nurses alone and also with other professions. Together can nurses and their patients determine the degree of fatigue and tailor an individual care plan. Exercise program and group interventions with empowerment as a basis can be used to strengthen and help these women manage fatigue.

  • 56.
    Andersson, Lina
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Svensson, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Det vårdande och icke vårdande mötet med personer som har ett alkoholmissbruk: en litteraturöversikt2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Today, more and more Swedish people are drinking more frequently and in larger quantities. Alcohol abuse is painful for the victim and his family, while being a widespread and costly problem for society. Healthcare professionals are knowledgeable about alcohol and its effects and can therefore play a very important role in the healthcare prevention related to alcohol and substance abuse. AIM: The aim of this study is to describe the care of patients with an alcohol abuse with a special focus on treatment and care relationship. METHOD: A literature review in which nine research articles were analyzed. RESULT: Nurses felt that questions about alcohol consumption were difficult to handle in practice when the questions could be experienced as insulting and bring the patient strong emotions. While patients want to be open about their addiction and, therefore, which they are asked about their alcohol habits. CONCLUSION: To treat and care for people with alcohol abuse can cause special difficulties. The result shows that the balance between the desire to care and to not always believe the patient makes the meeting more difficult. While the health professionals must take the step to dare to ask questions about alcohol consumption.

  • 57.
    Andersson, Linda
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Kvinnors upplevda sexuella hälsa efter bröstcancer: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Over one million women worldwide are diagnosed with breast cancer every year. In Sweden, the disease is estimated to reach over seven thousand. The treatment includes surgery, hormones and cytostatic witch is strenuous and can change the woman’s body image and their sexual health. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe experienced sexual health from resulting symptoms among women with breast cancer treatment. Method: The study is a literature study where 15 articles were summarized in the result. Result: Breast cancer treatment affected the woman's experience of her body as less feminine and less attractive. Difficulties such as dry vaginal mucous membranes, pain during intercourse and decreased sexual desire are other experienced health factors that have been affected. Talking about their sexual health problems with healthcare providers was difficult and they feel that it’s not a priority for health care. Discussion: Communication on sexual health is part of the nurse's task. Information between healthcare providers is missing and the woman considers it difficult to re-address her sexual problems. The woman's experience of being less attractive related to breast reduction considered be created by the ideal women in society. Furthermore, the discuss is about if pain in the vagina is a side effect to treatment or is it the feeling that they must satisfy their partners sexual needs who creates reduced libido and excitement. 

  • 58.
    Andersson, Lisa
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Nilsson, Sara
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Svåra samtal - en del av sjuksköterskans vardag: En intervjustudie2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the daily work of a nurse, talking to patients is part of the nursing care. Communication can be very difficult, and some conversations are harder than others. To make it easier for inexperienced nurses to relate and handle these conversations it’s important to establish what conversations nurses consider difficult and what the most challenging aspects are, and this was the aim of this study. Only a few previous studies describe what nurses consider difficult communication, and none of them focus on what the nurses perceive as the most challenging aspects. A qualitative method was chosen and content analysis was used as an analyze method. The study comprises interviews with six nurses in one hospital in the west of Sweden. The results of the analysis show six main categories which contain six nurses’ descriptions of what they consider to be the most difficult communication. The categories are: communication when the personal chemistry don’t match, hopeful communication when delivering negative notification, communicating with angry patients, sensitive communication, conciliating communication with relatives, and being presence in communication under stress. What all nurses found most challenging was, to be present in the conversation to keep the patients hope and help the patient accept their situation.

  • 59.
    Andersson, Liselotte
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Hillberg, Jenny
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Att leva med en livshotande sjukdom: en studie av självbiografier2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A life-threatening disease is a crisis and a suffering. Previous research are focused on terminally ill patients experiences and shows the importance of open communication, to live a active normal life and that peoples apprehension about death is different. The aim of this study was to describe how it is to live with a life-threatening disease in a every day life, based on autobiographies. The study is based on a qualitative approach and a analysis of six autobiographies. The results is presented in five themes. Each theme is described separately with help from quotation from the autobiographies. The results shows that the experiences of living with a life- threatening disease involves a need to live a every day life as it used to be, to get a increased well-being. It even includes a uncertainty future and a constant anxiety and fear. To have someone to share the experience with, a good support and to feel confidence from nursing staff is important. How peoples life situation are influenced by the life-threatening disease and how important it is that nursing staff confirm patients experience are discussed.

  • 60.
    Andersson, Malin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. a14malan@student.his.se.
    Velin, Veronica
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. a13verve@student.his.se.
    Upplevelser av att leva med bipolär sjukdom: En självbiografistudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Backround: Patients with bipolar disorder/disease has episodes with depression and mania. During these episodes the ability to manage emotions, work and economy becomes more difficult. With increased understanding of their disorder, the taboo subject of bipolar disorder can decrease. Aim: The aim to this study was to describe patient´s experiences of living with bipolar disorder. Method: A qualitative research was used to analyze five biographies, which are written by patients living with bipolar disorder. Result: In the result different themes emerged which describe patient´s experiences living with bipolar disorder/disease. The themes which stood out were: The desire to get help, to accept bipolar disorder and the importance of relatives support and the feeling of being different. Conclusion: Patients with bipolar disorder needs support from relatives to get more attention from medical staff to view the entirety of the patient´s disease. Early diagnosis, treatment can be initiated which reduces the risk of suicide attempts and self harm in the patient. Increased knowledge about bipolar disorder can lead to a better working life for the patients.

  • 61.
    Andersson, Malin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Ytterberg, Elin
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    I väntan på ett barn: En litteraturöversikt som beskriver pars behov inom infertilitetsvård2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Involuntary infertility is a common problem in couples of fertile age and affects around 15–20% of all couples in the Western world who wish to have children. Infertility and the care can contribute to poorer health, which can be stressful for both parties in the couple. The process can also lead to a suffering were the nurse has an important role to play. To respond to the couple and meet their wishes, it is important to study the needs they experiences. Aim: To describe the needs couple experiences in connection with infertility care. Method: A literature review where data material consisted of seven scientific articles, two of which were quantitative, four qualitative and one of mixed method. Results: From the result, three themes appeared, Support, Respect and understanding and An Adapted and developed environment. There were also six sub-themes. Conclusion: Meeting couples in infertility care can be complex and further knowledge about what needs they are experiencing can be important. As a nurse, it is important to contribute with support and information regarding the process. It is also important to individualize the care and look to each couple's own wishes. Respect and understanding as well as adaptation and development of the organization are urgent where higher instances should become involved.

  • 62.
    Andersson, Mari
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Jarlemyr, Eva
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Se mig, hör mig, fråga mig...: Upplevd psykisk ohälsa under skoltiden hos personer med bipolär sjukdom2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since it is known that mental illness is increasing, it is important to investigate how students with mental illness perceive their health in school and how they feel that school nurses could or should act. Bipolar disorder is a chronic, cyclical mood disorder, depression, hypomania and mania, which can be caused by both genetic factors as well as environmental factors. It is important that there is a high awareness of the condition among those who meet children with problems. School nurses are central to student health work and children's representatives, they must dare to look, listen and ask them about mental illness.The aim of the study was to describe how people with bipolar disorder experienced their mental health at school. The study was conducted using qualitative method. The study is based on interviews with nine people diagnosed with bipolar disorder, which was analyzed using the narrative method. The result shows how the informants' mental health was reflected in the home, along with the family and at school. The informants describe the difficulties of life, including severe depression, elevated mood, low self-esteem and stress. It is meaningful to all experienced mental illness in different ways at school. The perception was that there was ignorance about mental illness in those who work in the school. Common was that the informants are not asked for help and did not want to ask for help, but at the same time wished someone would look, listen and ask them. The conclusion is that the school needs to pay attention to children's mental health.

  • 63.
    Andersson, Maria
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Larsson, Jörgen
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Upplevelser av att leva med hjärtsvikt: En litteraturbaserad studie2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The majority of the epidemiological studies show that heart failure is increasing all over the Western world. The increase of patients with heart failure increases the need for healthcare to understand how patients live with this disease, which is important in the process for the patients to adjust to the distressing illness experience.Aim: The aim of this study is to describe patient's with heart failure experience how their disease affect their daily life.Method: Literature based study with qualitative research that follows Friberg (2006) method of analyzing which 14 articles were reviewed.Result: Five themes was identified: (1) a new and uncertain situation, (2) changes of patient’s psychological and physical abilities, (3) changes of the social life, (4) adjustment and acceptance of the situation with new meaning and identity, (5) anxiety about death and the unpredictable nature of the disease. Living with heart failure was characterized by distressing symptoms, restrictions in daily life, changes in social life and their identity, and anxiety about death and the unpredictable nature of the disease.Conclusion: The experience of health and quality of life is individual. Distinct information about the disease and self care to the patient is needed for improved control, experience of health and quality of life.

  • 64.
    Andersson, Melinda
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Gustavsson, Clara
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Att leva med ett dödshot: När bröstcancern tog över livet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Every day women in Sweden suffer from breast cancer, that also is the most common cancer form for women. Getting a breast cancer diagnosis is overwhelming and puts the whole life situation at stake, especially when these women are in the middle of working life with family and children. It is important for nurses to know how these women experience their situation in order to provide the best care possible. Aim: The aim of the study was to describe women's experiences of living with breast cancer. Method: A qualitative survey method with an inductive approach was chosen where the data consisted of autobiographies. Results: From the analysis of the data, seven themes are shown; a time of uncertainty, a willingness to survive, an urgent treatment, hopeful signs, a supportive environment, changing view of life and a changed body. Conclusion: Women with breast cancer live a turbulent life that causes several stressful treatments that affect their quality of life. The experience is individual and requires support from both close relatives and healthcare professionals, to help the women get through the disease process as they feel exposed to the disease.

  • 65.
    Andersson, Millan
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Grönberg, Frida
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Föräldrars upplevda behov av stöd när deras barn lever med diabetes typ 1: En litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Type 1 diabetes mainly affects children and the disease is shifting towards younger ages. To suffer from diabetes may involve lifestyle changes, which can be stressful for both the child and the parents. Parents must take great responsibility for the child’s treatment and are therefore in need of support from the surroundings and the nurse to deal with the situation. A good support can mean that parents can integrate diabetes in their daily life, as well as increase the feeling of hope. Aim: To describe parents’ perceived need of support when their child is living with type 1 diabetes. Method: Eleven qualitative articles formed the basis of the literature review and these were analyzed using a qualitative content analysis. The search was conducted in the databases CINAHL, MEDLINE and PubMed. Results: Four themes emerged during the analysis that responded to the parents’ perceived need of support. These were the desire to be understood, not to be judged and accused, the desire for confirmation and to feel security and trust. Conclusion: The need for support was great both from the social surroundings and the diabetes team. The nurse should work from a person-centered approach in order to meet the parents’ individual needs of support.

  • 66.
    Andersson, My
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av hot och våld inom akutsjukvård2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: An indisputable right for nurses is to have a safe and secure work environment so they can deliver a high quality care. To bring a clear definition of what threat and violence are, is an important part in the work to prevent threat and violence. One part of the problem is that the experience and understanding of threat and violence can be different from one person to another. Aim: The aim of this quality study was to emphasize Nurses experience of threat and violence at workplace. Method: The method used in this study was qualitative interviews in the sense to bring out the nurses experience. Four nurses at four different emergency divisions were interviewed. Results; Two leading categories emerged with 12 subcategories. The leading categories are: nurse’s experience of threat and violence and nurse’s management of threat and violence. Conclusion; This study shows that nurses experience threat and violenc at their workplace and that the increased amount of violence in the society reflects on what happens at the hospitals.

  • 67.
    Andersson Ohlin, Johanna
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Wängefors, Rebecca
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Jag ska inte dö idag. Patienters upplevelser av att ha biverkningar vid cellgiftsbehandling: En självbiografisk studie2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Cancer is a disease with over 200 different types. Treatment with cytostatics is common, cancer cells are attacked, but the healthy cells can also be affected. This result in different side effects that can affect the life quality in a negative way, although many of the side effects are minor.  The primary role as a nurse is to work for the protection of health and wellbeing in the patient care.

    Purpose: The purpose was to describe patient experiences of having side effects in chemotherapy.

    Method: The study was based on a qualitative method where autobiographies with a narrative quality has been studied.

    Result: The result show four themes that include experiences about having side effects in chemotherapy. The result also show the experiences about how side effects give limitations in life, experiences about how the feelings to the side effects are different from day to day and the importance of support through side effects. The themes presented in the result together show the experiences of having side effects in chemotherapy.

    Conclusion: Through an insight into the experiences, the nurse can meet and understand the patient's individual need for support and thereby prevent suffering of side effects during chemotherapy.

  • 68.
    Andersson, Rebecca
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Furubrink, Viktoria
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Skolsköterskans upplevelse av processen att göra en orosanmälan till socialtjänsten2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Today, it is common that many children do not receive proper care in their own homes. In order to obtain proper support and help, the Social Welfare Services needs to be alerted as to the predicament of these children. Unfortunately, medical and health care personnel too often fail to report maltreatment, even though it is their obligation to do so.

    Aim: The aim of this study is to describe the experience of the school nurses in the process reporting child maltreatment.

    Method: The study was conducted using a qualitative method with a phenomenological approach, where 13 school nurses participated and shared their experiences via email correspondance. The data was analyzed by meaning analysis.

    Result: The experiences of the school nurses in connection with reporting suspicions of maltreatment were summarized into five different categories: experiencing emotional involvement in the child's situation, experiencing discomfort associated with reporting, experiencing a sense of security in the reporting process, experiencing that cooperation with Social Welfare Services has impact, and experiences of dealing with their own emotions in various forums.

    Conclusion: The school nurses experienced complex circumstances in connection with reporting suspicions of maltreatment. The result therefore shows the need for increased knowledge regarding this, in order to either change or further improve upon the work of reporting child maltreatment. 

  • 69.
    Andersson, Susanne
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Berglund, Mia
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Vestman, Caroline
    Primary Health Care Center, Gullspång, Sweden.
    Kjellsdotter, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education. Research and Development Centre, Skaraborg Hospital Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Experiences of specially trained personnel of group education for patients with type 2 diabetes: A lifeworld approach2019In: Nursing Open, E-ISSN 2054-1058, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 635-641Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim:To describe how the group education process for people with type 2 diabetes is experienced by diabetes nurses and dietitians who support the patients’ learning, in a primary care setting.

    Design:The project took place at two primary care settings in the south of Sweden.

    Methods:Data collected from focus‐group interviews and reflection notes were subjected to phenomenological analysis.

    Results:The specially trained personnel experienced that group education made it possible for the patients to learn through reflection concerning their own and others’ experiences. Furthermore, group education entailed increased knowledge for the trained personnel. When the patients were challenged to make changes in their lives with the illness, the personnel experienced that both patients and personnel supported each other. The study concludes that the trained personnel person‐centred approach, with help of the didactic model, get tools to support patients learning.

  • 70.
    Andersson, Susanne
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Karlsson, Veronika
    Department of Health Sciences, University West, Trollhattan, Sweden.
    Bennet, Louise
    Center for Primary Health Care Research, Family Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Fellbrant, Klas
    Family Medicine, Department of Primary Health Care, Skövde, Sweden.
    Hellgren, Margareta
    Institute of Medicine, Department of Primary Health Care, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Attitudes Regarding Participation in a Diabetes Screening Test among an Assyrian Immigrant Population in Sweden2016In: Nursing Research and Practice, ISSN 2090-1429, E-ISSN 2090-1437, article id 1504530Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Immigrants from the Middle East have higher prevalence and incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared with native Swedes. The aim of the study was to describe and understand health beliefs in relation to T2D as well as attitudes regarding participation in a screening process in a local group of Assyrian immigrants living in Sweden. A qualitative and quantitative method was chosen in which 43 individuals participated in a health check-up and 13 agreed to be interviewed. Interviews were conducted, anthropometric measurements and blood tests were collected, and an oral glucose tolerance test was performed. In total, 13 of the 43 participants were diagnosed with impaired glucose metabolism, 4 of these 13 had TD2. The interviewed participants perceived that screening was an opportunity to discover more about their health and to care for themselves and their families. Nevertheless, they were not necessarily committed to taking action as a consequence of the screening. Instead, they professed that their health was not solely in their own hands and that they felt safe that God would provide for them. Assyrians' background and religion affect their health beliefs and willingness to participate in screening for TD2.

  • 71.
    Andersson, Susanne
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Svanström, Rune
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Ek, Kristina
    University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Rosén, Helena
    Health Sciences, University of Lund, Lund.
    Berglund, Mia
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    'The challenge to take charge of life with long-term illness': Nurses' experiences of supporting patients' learning with the didactic model2015In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 24, no 23-24, p. 3409-3416Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 72.
    Andrén, Martina
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Stenman, Isabelle
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Anorexia nervosa - unga kvinnors upplevelser av mötet med vårdpersonalen: En självbiografistudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Anorexia nervosa usually affects young women. The disease is based on askewed perception of the body, which leads to dieting to reach an ideal weight. Individualswith anorexia nervosa can have bad self-image and low self-confidence which can result intoself-destructive behavior and suffering. The nurse during the meeting needs to show trustand create safety for the patient. Professional support by communication and interaction canestablished a good care relationship. Aim: To describe how young women diagnosed withanorexia nervosa experience the meeting with health professionals. Method: The datamaterial consists of five autobiographies that have been analyzed with qualitative contentanalysis. Results: The analysis revealed four categories; feel unfairly treated, ending up indisadvantage, exposed to abuse of power and compulsion, hope and confidence. A total ofeight subcategories emerged. Conclusion: The meeting with healthcare is experienced bothnegatively and positively. It is important that healthcare professionals respect the youngwomen’s autonomy and engage them in their healthcare. That the healthcare should becharacterized by an ethical perspective and that time is given in the meeting is important.Good treatment, adequate knowledge and non-judgmental attitudes from healthprofessionals are important.

  • 73.
    Arvidsson, Elisabeth
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Fallgren, Charlotta
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Hur familjen till en patient med diagnosen schizofreni kan uppleva sjukdomen och dess inverkan på vardagen2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The diagnosis of schizophrenia has a direct effect on the family of the individual diagnosed. It’s a complex disease with several symptoms which generally debut in the ages between 15-35. The responsibilities of the nurses involve both support and information to both patient and close relatives. In order to fulfil these requirements the nurse must have an understanding of the affect the disease has, not only on the patient but also his or hers close family members. The aim of the study is, by using presently available research, to describe how the family of a patient with the diagnosis schizophrenia could experience the illness and its influence on their everyday-life. The result of a study of 12 scientific articles shows that the relatives experience great worry, stress and burden. They also experience feelings like sorrow and guilt, but still they feel hope. The study shows that there generally is a large waiting time for psychiatric care and that relatives desire for more direct information and support from health care professionals. The result can contribute to a nurses greater understanding of the relatives experiences, feelings and needs.

  • 74.
    Arvidsson, Sara
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Gustafsson, Therese
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Kvinnors upplevelser i samband med hjärtinfarkt2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Myocardial infarction has earlier been regarded as a disease that has struck mainly men. Research has in the recent years indicated that also women suffer from myocardial infarction, although they often show different symptoms compared to men. This

    has caused incorrect diagnosis and treatment of women who suffer from myocardial infarction. Aim: The aim was to describe women’s experiences in relation to their myocardial infarction.

    Method: A literature review was carried out with the intention to describe women’s experiences of myocardial infarction. Scientific articles were sought and four main themes and seven subthemes were identified. Result: The identified themes helped create an image of the women’s needs of support and information following myocardial infarction. It also emerged that the women experienced difficulties managing psychological issues and also that these women experience a suffering. Some affected women tended to hide or minimize their

    symptoms. The lack of adequate information was prominent and was mainly caused by false conceptions that only men suffer from myocardial infarction. Conclusion: The result indicates that the affected women are in great need of support and information in order to cope with their lived situation.

  • 75.
    Austvik, Alicia
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Blomé, Karin
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Sjuksköterskors och barnmorskors upplevelser av vårdmöten med endometriosdrabbade kvinnor: En enkätstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Endometriosis is a disease in which the uterine mucosa grows elsewhere than in the uterus. Endometriosis can cause severe pain and great suffering for the affected woman. Research shows that endometriosis-afflicted women experience inadequate care and a lack of knowledge from the health care system. Purpose: The purpose was to investigate nurses’ and midwives’ experiences of the healthcare encounters with endometriosis-affected women. Method: Quantitative method with a qualitative elements and a descriptive approach via an empirical study. Results: Most study participants experience shortcomings in their knowledge of endometriosis and want more knowledge to be able to respond to and help endometriosis-affected women. Some of the study participants do not experience deficiencies to the same extent, but still want more knowledge about the gynecological disease endometriosis. There are factors that affect communication in healthcare encounters. Endometriosis-affected women are perceived to be difficult to respond to and help. Conclusion: The knowledge and awareness of endometriosis needs to be deepened in all the nurses in the study. In-depth knowledge can mean that nurses feel more secure in healthcare encounters, which can result in better nursing care for endometriosis-affected women.

  • 76.
    Axelsson, Amanda
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Karlberg, Emma
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    En litteraturöversikt: Kvinnors upplevelser av hur deras sexuella hälsa har påverkats av behandling mot bröstcancer2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The sexual health might be negatively affected by breast cancer treatments and cause suffering for women. Medical treatments for breast cancer cause menopausal symptoms, fatigue and hair loss, while surgical treatments might affect women’s body image. Aim: To highlight women's experiences of how their sexual health has been affected by breast cancer treatments. Method: A literature review based on qualitative and quantitative research. Results: Three categories were identified in the result; reduced sexual activity, altered body image and the influence of relationships on the sexual health. The most common side effects that were experienced were reduced sexual desire and pain during sexual intercourse due to vaginal dryness. Loss of femininity as a result of mastectomy was a common experience among these women. It was found that a supportive and understanding partner is important to promote their sexual health. Conclusion: Women's sexual health is affected both mentally and physically by the breast cancer treatments, which should be observed by nurses in all health facilities. It is important that nurses are working from a patient centered approach and adjust information and support to individual requirements and needs to prevent sexual illness.

  • 77.
    Axelsson, Annie
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Lennér, Sara
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Sjuksköterskors akuta bedömningar av sköra äldre: En intervjustudie med sjuksköterskor i kommunal hemsjukvård2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The number of frail elderly people is increasing in society which places great demands on the health system. In municipal homecare nurses often work alone which can lead to uncertainty in emergency assessments. To make informed decisions about continuing care of the frail elderly is vital. From an economic aspect is the correct care at the right level also significant.

    Aim: The aim of this study is to highlight nurses' experiences of acute assessment of frail elderly persons with deteriorating health in municipal home care.

    Method: The method used was qualitative with an inductive approach where data was analyzed with a qualitative content analysis. There were 11 registered nurses/district nurses working in municipal home care interviewed.

    Results: From the analysis of the data emerged three categories; to make informed, long-term planning, collaboration on patient involves with seven subcategories.

    Conclusion: For nurses to experience good support in the acute assessment requires effective cooperation especially with doctors. The result shows that insecurity in the assessment often leads patients to be sent to the hospital. The medical care plans have proven to be a great help in the assessments and needs to be implemented on many frail elderly persons in municipal homecare.

  • 78.
    Axelsson Brakstad, Sandra
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Pettersson, Linda
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    KRÄVS DET EN SNARA RUNT HALSEN FÖR ATT BLI TAGEN PÅ ALLVAR?: Kvinnors upplevelse av vården vid själskadebeteende. En självbiografistudie.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Women with self-harm don’t cut themselves because they want to die, they do it to ease the psychic pain, and they get control over their angst. It is important that the nurses see the big picture in the person behind the self-harming behavior. Women with this behavior wants to be seen and treated like the other patients.

    Aim: Women’s experiences of health care in regards to self-harm.

    Methods: The study, was made with a qualitative meaning analysis. Five self-biographies where analyzed and became the results.

    Results: The four themes in the results; to experience the significance of the meeting between staff and women, to experience treatment as caring or damaged, to experience the importance of getting confirmation by caring and to experience the role of emotions in caring. These themes shows that the women wants to be seen and feel trust to the nurses and other professionals. Time and places for conversations are the women`s needs for having good treatment and care.

    Conclusion: Women’s experiences is positive and negative. Participation and explanation about their disease and treatment experience the woman as an important part of being able to feel good and to health care should be a good experience. 

  • 79.
    Axelsson, Hanna
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Styrud, Sara
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelse av teamarbete i hemvård2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nurses today have a supervising role primarily in the community health services. Aim: To illuminate nurse’s experience of team work around the patient in home care. Background: Since Ädelreformen 1992, nurses have become a more prominent employee in the community health care. Working within the community homecare is a challenge because it requires a wide knowledgebase for nurses. Nurses are regulated by laws and constitutions that stresses her role as supervisor and her work for the team interaction. Previous research suggests that teamwork promotes both work colleagues' comfort with each other and the quality of care. Method: Qualitative approach. 10 stories from nurses working in homecare were analyzed with inspiration from Dahlberg`s three analysis phases Results: Six categories emerged in the analysis: Cooperation, Communication, Relation, Responsibility, Shortage of time, Patient. Communication appears to play an important role both as obstacles and as possibilities for teamwork. To see each other's competence and to trust it is important. Lack of cooperation could lead to patients not receiving the care he/she should get emerged in the study. The study suggests that it may be important in the future to highlight teamwork in homecare because there seems to be lack of co-operation between nurses and assistant nurses, which may affect the nursing care.

  • 80.
    Axelsson, Louise
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Stadin, Anne
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Att leva i väntan på döden: En litteraturöversikt om patientens upplevda hälsa vid livets slutskede2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: To receive a cancer diagnosis and going through the transition from curative to palliative care is a life changing experience that affects the patients’ day to day life. The patient finds himself in a situation where he is forced to surrender himself to others. Health and suffering attains another meaning when life is coming to an end and a good death is seen as vital. Everyone around the patient can affect how he perceives his health. Aim: The aim was to describe different factors that influence the patients experience of health in a palliative care context while suffering from cancer. Method: A literature review based on 12 scientific articles. Results: The result is presented in three main categories and seven subcategories that discusses different factors that influences the patients experience of health. Conclusion: When a patient finds himself in a palliative stage of a cancer illness his experience of health can fluctuate depending on weather he receives relevant information, experiences a good support from the nurse and his family and gets the opportunity to be a participant in life to the extent that is possible in relation to his illness.

  • 81.
    Axelsson, Veronica
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Svensson, Karin
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    När du fick alzheimers förändrades allt: Hur närståendes livskvalité påverkas av att någon de älskar drabbas av Alzheimers sjukdom2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Alzheimer´s disease is often called the relative's illness on the grounds that the disease also affects the relatives. It is therefore important that the nurse working with a holistic approach and obtain an understanding of the impact of Alzheimer´s disease on family and relatives. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to describe the experience of how quality of life is affected by being related to a person with Alzheimer's disease. Method: This is an qualitative content analysis, where autobiographical works have been analyzed. Results: The results are presented in three categories: "A new day", "Living with suffering" and "A heavy responsibility." Each category has two subcategories. The life that was previously known to the relatives became a memory. New challenges in everyday life and a heavy responsibility that resulted in that the quality of life was affected. Mental and physical health became a fact. Conclusion: There were several factors that led to impaired quality of life. One factor was that the relatives had to take full responsibility for everyday life and played an important role for the person with Alzheimer´s disease. For this reason, the nurse must be able to support the relatives so that they can cope with their caring role and minimize the risk of mental illness.

  • 82.
    Axéll, Catharina
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Ericsson, Frida
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Skolsköterskans hälsofrämjande omvårdnadsarbete med psykisk hälsa hos barn2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 83.
    Backman, Malin
    et al.
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Science and Society, Division of Nursing, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Browall, Maria
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education. Department of Neurobiology, Care Science and Society, Division of Nursing, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sundberg, Carl Johan
    Department of Physiology & Pharmacology and Unit for Bioentrepreneurship, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden / Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Wengström, Yvonne
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Science and Society, Division of Nursing, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Experiencing health - Physical activity during adjuvant chemotherapy treatment for women with breast cancer2016In: European Journal of Oncology Nursing, ISSN 1462-3889, E-ISSN 1532-2122, Vol. 21, p. 160-167Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore how women with breast cancer experience physical activity (PA) during adjuvant chemotherapy treatment.

    METHODS: This study included sixteen women diagnosed with breast cancer who had participated in a supervised 16-week PA intervention during adjuvant chemotherapy treatment. The qualitative approach included semi-structured individual and focus group interviews. Data were analyzed inductively with content analysis.

    RESULT: The content analysis resulted in a description of experiencing health during chemotherapy treatment covered by five categories: Solidarity with others and being good to oneself; Experiencing functional improvement and social support; Empowerment and motivation to focus on health; Barriers to adherence to PA during illness and treatment; and Enabling health and independence. A core category was identified; PA a tool for maintenance and recovery of physical, mental and social health. The women reported that PA had a positive impact on both physical function and mental wellbeing. Participating in the PA intervention also increased their feeling of social support, which was reported to be important to motivate adherence to PA when the side effects became more severe. Symptom burden, time and lack of motivation were reported as barriers to continue PA during treatment.

    CONCLUSION: The women in this study reported that PA had a positive impact on their perceived health and that it was possible to exercise despite increasing symptom burden from treatment. PA was perceived as a tool that supported health processes and gave the women a feeling of getting respite from the illness.

  • 84.
    Barrsten, Petra
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Malmborg, Johanna
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Palliativ vård i hemmet: Närståendes erfarenheter - En litteraturbaserad studie2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Palliativ vård bygger på ett förhållningsätt som innebär att öka livskvalitén för både patienten och dess närstående. Palliativ vård handlar om god symtom kontroll och lindring. Den palliativa vården i hemmet lägger stort ansvar på de närstående, inte bara när det kommer till kontrollera symtomen men att organisera vården för patienten 24 timmar/dygnet. Sjuksköterskan måste se patienten och närståendes livssituation för att ge bra stöd i hemmet. Syfte: Syftet med denna studie var att belysa närståendes erfarenheter av att vårda den sjuke palliativt i hemmet. Metod: Som metod valdes en litteraturbaserad studie. Datamaterialet bestod av nio kvalitativa vetenskapliga artiklar. Resultat: Tre kategorier identifierades såsom: Ny roll, behov av hjälp från kunniga och behålla det egna livet med sex underkategorier. Närståendes erfarenheter, att ha ett stort ansvar är svårt och krävande men även meningsfullt. Brist på stöd från sjukvården påverkar närståendes förmåga att vårda den sjuke. Slutsats: När närstående vårdar den sjuke i hemmet är tiden både tung och meningsfull. Det beror på vilket stöd och information de får från sjuksköterskorna samt om de själva får möjligheten att distansera sig till vårdandet för att behålla det egna livet.

  • 85.
    Bengtsson, Emily
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Larsson, Lisa
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Patienters upplevelse av hälsa och välbefinnande under långvarig behandling av hemodialys: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Många patienter lever med kronisk njursjukdom som påverkar det dagliga livet. En försämring av njurfunktionen innebär att en kronisk njursvikt uppstår som kan leda till att behovet av dialys uppstår. En behandlingsform av dialys är hemodialys vilket innebär att blodet renas utanför kroppen. En förståelse för hur patienter upplever hälsa och välbefinnande är av vikt för att sjuksköterskorna ska kunna arbeta främjande för patienterna. Syfte: Beskriva patienters upplevelser av hälsa och välbefinnande under långvarig behandling av hemodialys. Metod: En litteraturöversikt som byggde på 10 kvalitativa artiklar. Resultat: Patienterna upplevde att hemodialysbehandlingarna medförde flera begränsningar i livet som påverkade deras hälsa och välbefinnande. Det skapade känslor av förlust och att vara beroende av andra människor. När patienterna upplevde ett stöd från andra människor gav det kraft och energi. Upplevelsen av att vara begränsad i tid och rum skapade existentiella frågor. Hoppet om en ny njure blev avgörande för patienternas hälsa och välbefinnande. Konklusion: För att skapa hälsa och välbefinnande för patienterna är det av stor vikt att sjuksköterskorna visar ett intresse och en ödmjukhet för patienternas existentiella tankar. Sjuksköterskorna behöver uppmuntra till känslor av hopp hos patienterna för att upplevelsen av hälsa och välbefinnande ska kunna uppstå.

  • 86.
    Bengtsson, Felicia
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    SJUKSKÖTERSKORS NEGATIVA ATTITYDER GENTEMOT PATIENTER MED PSYKISK OHÄLSA - En litteraturstudie2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The purpose of this study was to describe nurses’ negative attitudes towards patients with mental illness. Method: A literature review made on eleven studies of which seven were qualitative and four quantitative. Articles were selected based on inclusion criteria which were that the articles would be relevant on the basis of the study's purpose, that they were published between the years 2004-2014, that they were out of good quality and that they were peer-rewieved. Quality inspection and analysis was done using qualitative method. Key results: Three categories emerged: attitudes based on lack of knowledge, attitudes based on fear and attitudes based on uncertainty. The result shows that the main attitudes are negative and depends primarily on lack of knowledge, fears and uncertainty. Lack of knowledge contributed to fears and uncertainty and considered the cornerstone of attitudes. Conclusions: Nurses need more education and knowledge, and it can contribute to the fears and uncertainty also decreases.

  • 87.
    Bengtsson, Katarina
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Broxe, Camilla
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Upplevelsen att vårda sin make/maka som genomgått en stroke2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Stroke is one of the most common diseases in Sweden and every year 30 000 individuals are affected. Today it is possible for these persons to continue to live in their homes. Informal caregivers are often the ones who take over the caring responsibility. The aim of this literature study was to describe the spouse´s experience of being an informal carer to a person affected by stroke. The method used was a descriptive synthesis. The material consists of nine scientific research articles. In this study four themes emerged: The experience of change; The experience of loss of freedom and leisure time; The experience of gratefulness, hope and support; The experience of the future, anxiety and guilt and finally The experience of responsibility and control. The result of this study contributes to the nursing practice by highlighting the importance of awareness of these people’s experiences. Prevention is included in the nursing profession and as a nurse it is most important to prevent informal cares from being patients.

  • 88.
    Bengtsson, Katarina
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Qorri, Mirjeta
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Min välsignelse och min börda: att vara närstående till en person med demenssjukdom2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Dementia is a widespread disease, of which relatives are affected and experience suffering.People with dementia live longer at home with support from relatives. By providingrelatives with support, unhealthiness can be prevented, and the health of the person withdementia can be promoted. The aim was to describe relatives experiences of living with aperson affected by dementia. The method consisted of a literature review with 11qualitative articles. The results were presented in four main themes, “Fighting against thewind”, “Changed relationships”, “The constant presence of feelings” and “The need ofsupport”. Relatives described changes, struggles and grief over the life-partner or parentthey once had, which no longer was present. Relatives experienced poor treatment fromhealth care and a need of support which wasn’t met. Nurses can prevent the sufferingexperienced by relatives with the right resources and knowledge. Nurses should also leadand instruct fellow employees to better be equipped to meet relatives and their needs.Nurses can also provide relatives with information regarding different facilities of support.

  • 89.
    Bengtsson, Margareta
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Gosende, Martina
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Anhörigas upplevelser av att vårda en familjemedlem som insjuknat i demens: en analys av självbiografier2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Being the relative of a person with dementia is a life changing experience. The relatives often find themselves in a complex situation, which requires that the nurse, can identify needs among the relatives. It‘s also important that the nurse has a broad knowledge about the role of the relative as a caregiver, to be able to give support to them in this situation. The purpose of this study was to describe the relative’s experiences of taking care of a familymember with dementia in the home. Six autobiographies were studied to emerge in the experiences of the family caregivers. Burnards (1991) content analysis and Graneheims & Lundmans (2004) qualitative content analysis was used to analyze the data and the result reveals 3 main categories and 10 categories. The main categories were: Suffering, desperation and isolation. The situation of the caregiving relatives involves experiences of mental distress as well as having to cope with several difficulties. Their new role as a family caregiver is characterized by feelings of isolation which increases as the sickness proceeds.

  • 90.
    Bennedsen, Svetlana
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Nilsson, Annlouise
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Att vara föräldrar till barn med Duchennes muskeldystrofi: Litteratutöversikt2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Every year approximately ten boys in Sweden get a disease called Duchenne muscular ystrophy. Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a genetically determined, progressive and incurable neuromuscular disease that generally causes that a child will be physical disability and death in early adulthood. To have a disabled child that suffers for an incurable disease is big responsibility and a major change. The aim of this study is to illustrate parents´ experiences of living with a child with Duchenne muscular dystrophy Literature review. Eight qualitative and four quantitative articles were included in this and the articles were examined and analyzed. The result was combined into three themes. Which are Emotional kaos, Need for support and knowledge and Acceptable and planning for the future. The whole amily experienced feelings of grief, needs of family support and emotional chaos. Nursing staff should know how important it is with adequate information about Duchenne muscular dystrophy. By understanding a situation in the family nursing staff can meet the parent’s needs and requirements.

  • 91.
    Berg, Helena
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Hjortman, Ingela
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Omvårdnad vid bensår: En litteraturöversikt2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    BAKGRUND: Patienter med bensår återfinns inom hela sjukvården. Detta innebär att många sjuksköterskor kommer att möta dessa patienter i sitt arbete oberoende av var de arbetar. Distriktssköterskor kan ägna upp till hälften av sin arbetstid till bensårsbehandling. Patienter med bensår lider ofta av smärtor. Såren påverkar deras livskvalité och begränsar deras liv. SYFTE: Denna studies syfte var att belysa omvårdnaden vid smärtsamma bensår, ur såväl ett sjuksköterske- som patientperspektiv. METOD: En litteraturöversikt baserad på vetenskapliga artiklar. Resultatet grundas på 14 artiklar, med både kvalitativ och kvantitativ metod. RESULTAT: Fyra huvudtema framkom; Smärtkontroll, Interaktion mellan sjuksköterska och patient, Social gemenskap och Kunskapsutveckling. Många patienter med bensår hade smärtor som inte uppmärksammades av sjuksköterskan, då patienterna inte alltid påtalade detta. Sjuksköterskor har ett viktigt arbete i att kontinuerligt smärtskatta och följa upp smärtlindringen. Optimal sårbehandling förutsätter ett gott samarbete mellan patient och sjuksköterska. Den sociala gemenskapen är en viktig del i patientens välbefinnande och främjar sårläkning och minskar smärta. Både patienter och sjuksköterskor saknar tillräckliga kunskaper om bensår.

  • 92.
    Berg, Helena
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Kjellberg, Kristina
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Inget går upp mot distriktssköterskor: Distriktssköterskans roll inom projektet Samverkande sjukvård2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The number of elderly in Sweden is increasing. They are often fragile and sickly, needing more care and support. To meet an increased need of healthcare, a collaboration project, Collaborative Healthcare, was established to ensure that patients are treated at the right place. Research shows that the elderly often fall ill from hospital admission, and after visits to the emergency department, they are more often admitted because of their complex medical history. Aim: To investigate whether the district nurse's profession within the project Collaborative Healthcare leads to a reduction in the use of other healthcare resources. Method: This study is retrospective with a quantitative approach. Data collected by others within the project were used. The analysis was performed with descriptive and correlation analysis. The results are presented in tables, figures and text. Results: The district nurse's efforts often lead to nursing in the home, preventing visits to health centers and emergency rooms as well as hospital admissions. Conclusion: Cooperation between different healthcare authorities leads to benefits for both patients and staff.

  • 93.
    Berg Marklund, Erik
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Rönnberg, Karolina
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelse av hur arbetsmiljön påverkar omvårdnadsarbetet: En intervjustudie2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Studies have shown that nurses work environment can affect them in their nursing care. This study aimed to interview nurses about their perception of how their work environment affects nursing care. Interviews were conducted with seven registered nurses at a hospital in western Sweden. The interviews were analyzed and manifest content linked to the aim of the study was identified and then condensed. The results showed that there are many different aspects in nurses work environment that they feel affect them in their nursing care. Nurses experienced that a good social climate could help them in their nursing care. At the same time work related stress and lack of time for patients, mostly due to time consuming administrative work, had a negative impact on nursing care. The conclusion of this study is that nurses experience that their work environment can have both a positive and a negative effect on nursing care. Future research on nurses work environment is needed to better serve the needs of nursing care.

  • 94.
    Bergelind, Sandra
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Mohamad, Rondik
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Patienters upplevelser av sjuksköterskors bemötande: En litteraturöversikt2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Being a nurse requires medical knowledge as well as knowledge about nursing science. Nursing is among other things about how to respond to patients in a proper manner to avoid unnecessary suffering in the care. For nurses to be able to respond to patients in a way that the patients experience as good the nurses have to know how the patients experience the approach.

    AIM: To illustrate how the patients who are receiving hospital treatment experience the care of nurses.

    METHOD: Literature overview as described by Friberg (2006), where 14 articles were analyzed.

    RESULT: The result is divided into five themes: The importance of the encounter for patients, The significance of humor, Patients´ need for communication and information, The need for acknowledgement/confirmation, and Factors that affect patients trust in nurses.

    CONCLUSION: The result shows how patients experience the nursing situation and what their notion of a good approach is. The result can be used as evidence of the importance of the quality of the nursing and is urgent knowledge to nurses who daily meet patients at work. The knowledge that the study has contributed with can be used to improve the care relationship between patients and nurses in practice.

  • 95.
    Berggren, Johan
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Palmqvist, Mikael
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter vid vård av vuxna i livets slutskede: En litteraturbaserad studie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Sjuksköterskan arbetar nära vuxna patienter i livets slutskede där försök till läkande behandling gått över till en palliativ behandling. Många av dessa patienter har en komplicerad symtombild som kräver kunskaper i symtomhantering och de har också ofta oro, ångest och funderingar kring existentiella frågor som sjuksköterskan kan behöva hantera.Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vårda vuxna patienter i livets slutskedeMetod: Metoden som valdes var en litteraturbaserad studie grundat på kvalitativ forskning, baserat på tolv vetenskapliga artiklar. 

    Resultat: Ur analysen framträdde tre kategorier såsom Frustration, skicklig kommunikatör, få till ett nära samarbete med åtta underkategorier.

    Slutsats: Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter vid vård i livets slutskede påvisar betydelsen av att relationer mellan patienten, anhöriga och vårdpersonal skapas. 

  • 96.
    Berggren, Malin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Berglund, Johanna
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    När hjärtat slutat slå: patientens upplevelse att överleva ett hjärtstopp. En litteraturbaserad studie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: To suffer from cardiac arrest can be experienced as a dramatic event that affects both the health and life world. All of the patients have an existential coherency that affects the health, life and the patient itself. As a nurse you will be able to see the patient's life world and understand how different contexts affects the patient's experienced health. Purpose: The purpose was to describe the patient’s experience of surviving cardiac arrest. Method: The chosen method was a literature based study with a qualitative approach that included 11 articles that was analyzed using a method described by Friberg. Results: Through analysis of the data material three main themes was generated with associated sub themes. From the analysis of the data emerged three main themes a new every day life, a changed life and a life changing limitation with an inoperable defibrillator with ten undertheme. Conclusion: The majority of the patients experienced worry, fear and anxiety in their everyday life. They needed to develop new strategies to cope with their new life with the help of routines and planning to decrease stress in their everyday life.

  • 97.
    Bergh, Ingrid
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Pain in the elderly: rating scales, prevalence and verbal expression of pain and pain relief2003Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 98.
    Bergh, Ingrid H. E.
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Johansson, Anna
    Univ Hosp Örebro, Dept Obstet, Örebro, Sweden.
    Bratt, Annelie
    Skaraborgs Hosp, Dept Obstet & Gynecol, Skövde, Sweden.
    Ekström, Anette
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Mårtensson, Lena B.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Assessment and documentation of women's labour pain: A cross-sectional study in Swedish delivery wards2015In: Women and Birth, ISSN 1871-5192, E-ISSN 1878-1799, Vol. 28, no 2, p. E14-E18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A woman's pain during labour plays a dominant role in childbirth. The midwife's role is to assess the degree of pain experienced during labour. When professionals respond to labour pain with acknowledgement and understanding, the woman's sense of control and empowerment is increased, which could contribute to a positive experience of childbirth. The aim of this study is to describe how labour pain in Swedish delivery wards is assessed and documented. Methods: This quantitative descriptive study was designed as a national survey performed through telephone interviews with the representatives of 34 delivery wards in Sweden. Results and conclusion: The majority of the participating delivery wards assessed and documented women's labour pain, but in an unstructured manner. The wards differed in how the assessments and documentation were performed. In addition, almost all the delivery wards that participated in the survey lacked guidelines for the assessment and documentation of the degree of pain during labour. The findings also showed that the issue of labour pain was sometimes discussed in the delivery wards, but not in a structured or consistent way. (C) 2015 Australian College of Midwives. Published by Elsevier Australia (a division of Reed International Books Australia Pty Ltd). All rights reserved.

  • 99.
    Bergh, Ingrid
    et al.
    University of Skövde, Department of Health Sciences. Avdelningen för geriatrik, Göteborgs universitet.
    Sjöström, Björn
    University of Skövde, Department of Health Sciences.
    Steen, Bertil
    Avdelningen för geriatrik, Göteborgs universitet.
    Smärta hos äldre: Skattningsskalor – förekomst och verbala uttryck för smärta och smärtlindring2003In: Incitament: för en hälso- & sjukvård i förvandling, ISSN 1103-503X, Vol. 12, no 7, p. 642-644Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Smärta är inte en del av det normala åldrandet, men många äldre drabbas av sjukdomar som leder till smärta. Smärta är en subjektiv sensorisk och emotionell obehagsupplevelse med faktisk eller potentiell vävnadsskada. Varje person upplever smärta på sitt sätt och denna uppfattning får avgörande betydelse för hur hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal kan förhålla sig till människor med smärta.

    Utgångspunkten för denna avhandling var att studera smärtförekomst bland äldre och att evaluera användandet av smärtskalor. Våra resultat visar att skattningsskalor kan vara till hjälp.

    Artikeln baserad på Ingrid Berghs avhandling: Pain in the elderly - Rating scales, prevalence and verbal expression of pain relief

  • 100.
    Bergkvist, Krister
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Lundberg, Pär
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Icke-farmakologiska Smärtlindrande Omvårdnadsåtgärder Inom Prehospital Akutsjukvård: En Kvalitativ Beskrivning av olika tillvägagångssätt2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    One of the most common complaints of patient’s in need of prehospital emergency care is pain of some sort. Since November 1 2005 a big portion of the ambulance personnel is no longer allowed to administer drugs of any kind. Hence it is reasonable to assume that pain treatment nowadays is carried out with both pharmacological and non-pharmacological methods. Therefore the authors saw an interest in investigating how the ambulance personnel look at the concept of, and treatment of pain.

    The aim of this study was to, with focus on non-pharmacological measures, describe how Swedish ambulance personnel treat the patient in pain.

    The study was conducted with 5 interviews with ambulance personnel. The interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed. The analysis revealed four main themes with a number of sub themes. The theme opinions of pain disclose the informant’s view of pain as an individual phenomenon and what changes the patients perception of pain. Refuting and behavior in tending patients describes the informant’s opinions that a calm refuting and a good relationship with the patient could divert the patient’s thoughts about the pain. Assessment and treatment describes the need for individual adaptation when treating patients in pain. Combination therapy is successful revealed the informants thoughts that a combination of both pharmacological and non-pharmacological gives the best result.

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