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  • 451.
    Andersson, Jennifer
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Degerfeldt Nilsson, Hans
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Traditionella metoder eller abstrakt kreativitet?: En jämförelse av ljuddesign inom crafting och dess påverkan på spelupplevelsen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studier kring ljud och dess upplevelser tenderar att förhålla sig till grafiska element, där ljudet fungerar som en form av komplement till de visuella handlingar för att förstärka det som inträffar i spel. Symbiosen mellan grafik och spel utgår ifrån att dessa har definierade roller som de alltid behöver förhålla sig till och fungerar som en förutfattat mall över hur den ena ska agera gentemot den andra. Denna studie ämnar att behandla en jämförelse av två ljudläggningar med olika perspektiv, där den ena ljudläggningens förhållningssätt har fokus på att inte binda sig till konkreta, grafiska moment som sker i spelet och den andra ljudläggning ska följa stereotypiska angreppssätt till ljuddesign. Studien har tillämpat en spelprototyp som gestaltas genom ett matlagningspel där respondenter får dra ingredienser och lägga dessa inom ett område; för att på eget bevåg utforska spelets detaljer och avgöra vilka moment som är berikande för spelupplevelsen.

  • 452.
    Andersson, Jenny
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Franzén, Sara
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    BVC-sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att möta immigrerade familjer2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 453.
    Andersson, Jessica
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Sofia, Sjöqvist
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Bedsiderapportering: Patienters upplevelse av bedsiderapportering - En litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Reporting from health professionals in healthcare is part of the daily work for nurses. It is a complex process and also a risk as can lead to injury care. There are different ways of reporting between healthcare professionals, one is bedsidehandover. It takes place at the patient's side, so they are able to fill in with theirs experience. The report has received much praise from the nurses that describe the method as well to create their own opinion about the patient.

    Purpose: To investigate patients' experience of bedsidehandover.

    Method: The study is a literature review and based on qualitative and quantitative articles.

    Results: Patients experience is that bedsidehandover is a good method, because they can contribute with important information. It is positive for the patiens that they can correct the nurses if they misunderstanding or misinterpretation. Communication is an essential part, and the information must be adapted to each individual. This method promotes patient participation and the person-centered care.

    Conclusion: The conclusions is that bedsidehandover is a good method to make the patient involved and avoid misunderstandings in reporting between the nurses. It also increases the person-centered care and give patients safer care.

  • 454.
    Andersson, Jimmy
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Defining Nostalgia and Its Functions: A Review2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nostalgia is a psychological phenomenon we all can relate to but have a hard time to define. What characterizes the mental state of feeling nostalgia? What psychological function does it serve? Different published materials in a wide range of fields, from consumption research and sport science to clinical psychology, psychoanalysis and sociology, all have slightly different definition of this mental experience. Some claim it is a psychiatric disease giving melancholic emotions to a memory you would consider a happy one, while others state it enforces positivity in our mood. First in this paper a thorough review of the history of nostalgia is presented, then a look at the body of contemporary nostalgia research to see what it could be constituted of. Finally, we want to dig even deeper to see what is suggested by the literature in terms of triggers and functions. Some say that digitally recorded material like music and videos has a potential nostalgic component, which could trigger a reflection of the past in ways that was difficult before such inventions. Hinting towards that nostalgia as a cultural phenomenon is on a rising scene. Some authors say that odors have the strongest impact on nostalgic reverie due to activating it without too much cognitive appraisal. Cognitive neuropsychology has shed new light on a lot of human psychological phenomena‘s and even though empirical testing have been scarce in this field, it should get a fair scrutiny within this perspective as well and hopefully helping to clarify the definition of the word to ease future investigations, both scientifically speaking and in laymen‘s retro hysteria.Keywords:

  • 455.
    Andersson, Jimmy
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Skillnader i arbetet enligt säkerhetspolicyn och arbetet i verkligheten2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Information är en viktig tillgång för organisationer och därför är också informationssäkerhet viktigt för företag som vill skydda sin information. Företag inför informationssäkerhetspolicys som är en syn på hur företagets ledning vill att informationssäkerheten ska skötas. Det är ett problem att anställda väljer att inte följa vissa delar eller hela säkerhetspolicyn av olika anledningar. Detta arbete utför en fallstudie på ett företag för att se hur anställda efterlever den säkerhetspolicy som finns. Strategin för undersökningen är generell och den visar hur företag kan gå tillväga för att identifiera brister i efterlevnaden av säkerhetspolicyn. Resultat visar att flera av de anställda på företaget inte följer den policy som ledningen har tagit fram. I framtiden skulle det vara intressant att utföra en större undersökning som sträcker sig över flera företag.

  • 456.
    Andersson, Jimmy
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Söderlund, Tina
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Wennerberg, Martina
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Yrkesrelaterad stress inom kommunal hemsjukvård ur ett vårdarperspektiv2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 457.
    Andersson, Joacim
    et al.
    Department of Education, University of Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Maivorsdotter, Ninitha
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    The 'body pedagogics' of an elite footballer's career path - analysing Zlatan Ibrahimovic's biography2017In: Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, ISSN 1740-8989, E-ISSN 1742-5786, Vol. 22, no 5, p. 502-517Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Pedagogical research on career is encouraged to not limit sport learning to athletic skills, coaching effectiveness and coach–athlete relationships, but to also focus on learning in a multidimensional sense in the context of an athlete’s individual and social biography. This article examines an elite athlete’s career path as a body pedagogic phenomenon involving processes of self-transformation in relation to practical, social and embodied environments.

    Purpose: The purpose is to analyse the career path of the elite footballer Zlatan Ibrahimovic by focusing on how different learning environments relate to different embodiments of techniques and skills and how values and norms shape professionalism.

    Theoretical frameworks: A combined framework of body pedagogics and John Dewey’s theory of aesthetic experience is used to understand an elite career path as a learning trajectory involving different self-transformation means. Hence, the elite athlete is viewed as a career climber who creates his own educational pathway and engages in processes of participating, acquiring and becoming.

    Data analysis: A practical epistemology analysis (PEA) with a focus on aesthetic judgements is used to analyse the narrative of Zlatan’s career path as it is portrayed in the biography I Am Zlatan: My Story on and Off the Field. One major theme is identified, namely that Zlatan develops from being a dribbler to a striker. Against this background, Zlatan Ibrahomovic’s self-transformation is scrutinised in relation to three different sub-themes (suburb, arena and team) in three different ways (auto-didactic, education and educator) to create distinct and heterogeneous forms of knowledge in support of professional artistry.

    Results: The analysis offers an elaborated empirical description of how the means and ends of self-transformation develop reciprocally throughout Zlatan’s elite career and how this relates to practical, social and embodied environments. Examples of body pedagogic outcomes are: (1) different commitments to training, team culture and the coach–athlete relationship (social), (2) that Zlatan uses his dribbling skills more purposefully for scoring goals and satisfying the coach (embodied) and (3) that he is able to win different leagues and titles with different teams (practical).

  • 458.
    Andersson, Johan
    University of Skövde, Department of Computer Science.
    Expertkunskap och metakognition: experters förmåga till metakognitiv övervakning2001Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Metakognitiva processer och förmågor innefattar bland annat människans förmåga att reflektera över sin egen kunskapsnivå och minneskapacitet, och att utifrån detta till exempel kunna reglera tid och inlärningsstrategier vid inlärningssituationer. Kännetecknande för en person som räknas till att vara expert inom en viss domän är bland annat att denne anses kunna övervaka sin kunskapsnivå på ett korrekt sätt. Denna studie undersöker om personer med stor domänkunskap uppvisar en större förmåga till metakognitiv övervakning än vad personer med sämre domänkunskap gör. Aktuell kunskapsdomän i denna studie är deklarativ kunskap kring fotboll, och fotbollsspelare och ledare rekryterades som försöksdeltagare. Förmågan till metakognitiv övervakning mättes med hjälp av mätteknikerna Assessment of Cognitive Monitoring Effectiveness (ACME) och Metacognitive Knowledge Monitoring Assessment (KMA), där försöksdeltagarna i samband med att ett kunskapstest genomförs får avgöra vilka frågor de tror sig kunna eller inte kunna svaret på. Resultatet visar att personer med expertkunskap uppvisar en signifikant bättre förmåga till metakognitiv övervakning än personer med sämre domänkunskap.

  • 459.
    Andersson, Johan
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Runsten, Andreas
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskans erfarenheter av mötet med närstående till patienter med hjärtstopp inom den prehospitala sjukvården2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The encounter between the nurse and relatives is of great significance within healthcare treatment, not the least in prehospital emergency care. Nurses within the ambulance services will in complicated situations meet chocked relatives of patients with cardiac arrest. The aim of the study is to describe nurses’ experiences of the encounter with relatives of patients with cardiac arrest within the prehospital emergency care.

    The collection of data was conducted through interviews with eight nurses within the ambulance services. The informants have rendered encounters they’ve had with relatives of patients with cardiac arrest. The interviews were recorded and transcribed. Thereafter a qualitative content analysis was made on the texts, from where three major themes, and a number of sub themes, emerged. The three major themes were “Communicating with relatives”, “Managing relatives’ reactions” and “Acting ethically correct towards relatives”.

    The result shows that the nurse’s way of communicating affects the encounter. Through a convincing and distinct manner the nurse seeks contact with relatives. This makes it possible to convey calmness to the relatives, and help them comprehend the situation. Sometimes though, relatives can project their grief and despair onto the nurse, who may be accused of not having done enough. It was detected, that relatives may be a second priority in a cardiac arrest-situation where there has only arrived one set of ambulance crew. Through experience the chances to reach a good encounter increases.

  • 460.
    Andersson, Johanna
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Thyberg, Terese
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Chefsrekrytering: Hur fungerar det?2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Recruitment can include everything from hiring a stand-in for the summer to finding an executive for a big company. When hiring an executive is it important for the company that the right person gets the right job. There is little information in Swedish literature that explains how executive recruitment separates from ordinary recruitment. Neither is there any information about how internal and external executive recruitment are separated.

    When a recruitment process starts it is important to do a thorough preparatory work. This can be done by doing a work analyse, or a revision of the job description which is mostly used in executive recruitment. After this a specification of requirements is formed, the specification is a guide that the company uses to specify what kind of person they want to hire.

    The search of candidates for a position can be done in several different ways. The company has to decide if they should do the process by themselves or if a recruitment firm should be consulted, which is common today. There are several ways of searching candidates, the most common today is advertising in different media or using the employment service. The company also have to make a decision considering if the search should be done internal or external, or both ways.

    When suitable candidates have been chosen it is time for interviews and testing. At this time the recruiter meets the candidate for the first time and creates a picture of him or her. Testing is often used as a complement to the interview to confirm or deny feelings or suspicions that has arisen during the process. Another way of doing this is by contacting references, it is important to be aware of the fact that references often just have good things to say about the candidate. There is a risk with this considering that the whole truth might not come out.

    There are many different ways of making the decision who to hire, most important is though to use the specification of requirements as basic data. It is not always a need that all demands in the specifications are fulfilled, the candidates other qualifications can be more important.

    During this study it has come to our knowledge that the recruitment process for hiring executives are not that different from the process of hiring other co-workers. The biggest difference is that companies often choose to outsource the process to a consult. The companies in this study are quite small and think that they don’t have the right competence to find people with the right qualifications themselves. They think that it is better to pay money to the consultant than risk that the recruitment goes wrong and they have to do the process all over again.

    Companies today are more interested in recruiting executives from outside the company. In a time of changes they want an objective point of view to be able to survive in business. Once again there are no right or wrong way for the company to choose, but to search both internal and external might be the best solution to minimize the risk of overlooking the best candidate. Being able to advance in the company is a big push for many employees to work harder.

  • 461.
    Andersson, Jonas
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Lageroptimering med hjälp av datautvinning ur datalager2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Datalager är ett system som består av information från flera olika system. Datautvinning går ut på att få fram ej tidigare känd kunskap från till exempel datalager. Kostnaden för att hålla något i lager är en dold kostnad som många företagsledare ej är medvetna om hur mycket det kostar dem. Syftet med detta examensarbete är att undersöka ett möjligt angreppssätt med datautvinningsmetoder ur datalager för framtagande av beslutsunderlag rörande lagernivåer. Kostnaden att hålla något i lager är en dold kostnad som det är intressant att finna nya metoder för att påverka.

    För att besvara frågeställningen utfördes en fallstudie på ett lagerhållande företag som använder sig av datalager. Resultatet visar att den ena metoden är mer lämpad än den andra för beslutsunderlag.

  • 462.
    Andersson, Jonas
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Utvinningsmetoder och användningsområden av data ur datalager inom industribranschen2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I datalager samlas information från flera olika system och sparas på ett gemensamt sätt. Informationen i ett datalager ger en holistiskbild över organisation och bör användas som beslutsstöd. För att utvinna information ur datalager finns flera olika metoder och informationen kan sedan användas inom flera olika områden.

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka vilka metoder som används för att utvinna informationen ur datalager inom industribranschen samt inom vilka användningsområden informationen används.

    För att besvara frågeställningen genomfördes fem intervjuer med företag i industribranschen. Resultatet visar på att vissa metoder för att utvinna information ur datalager används framför andra och inom datautvinning används inte den förutsägandekategorin alls. Framförallt använde sig företagen av informationen på kundsidan och såg det som ett levande projekt som skall täcka in hela processen i framtiden.

  • 463.
    Andersson, Jonathan
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Meltdowns påverkan på PHP-prestanda under IIS i Hyper-V miljöer: En kvantitativ studie som undersöker Meltdown-patchens effekter på PHP under IIS2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Meltdown and Spectre are two vulnerabilities discovered in 2017. These vulnerabilities allow unauthorized users to extract confidential information from systems. Security patches have been developed to resolve these vulnerabilities, but with a potental performance loss.

    This report investigates how PHP is affected by Microsofts web server IIS, with the security patch developed by Microsoft to protect systems against Meltdown and Spectre applied. In a practical laboratory experiment, the JMeter tool has been used to create a simulated load on the web server system, where PHPts CPU usage is monitored and noted for further analysis.

    The result shows that there has been a 13.74% performance loss with Microsofts security patch applied. This opens up for discussion about what Microsofts security patch actually does in a system, and if there is a suffciently large degradation to consider a transition to another solution.

  • 464.
    Andersson, Jonny
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Andersson, Caroline
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Gemensam struktur för den kommunala ekonomistyrningen2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Municipalities must establish budget annually but they are free to decide how the governance should be designed, this can lead to lack of consistency and measurability within and between municipalities. The purpose of this thesis was to present a proposal for a unified and more measurable financial structure of a municipality where this was lacking.

     

    In our theory we describe the issues of traditional management control and we introduce an alternative control with non-financial ratios included, called the Balanced Scorecard. In the empirical data it is investigated how the governance of a municipality could be designed, according to the respondents. In the analysis the information gathered to reach the answers to what are considered to be useful governance in municipality, are examined.

     

    In the conclusion, we design Balanced Scorecards with both financial and non-financial ratios to the councils of the municipality.

  • 465.
    Andersson, Josefin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Lidholm, Sandra
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Revisorsrotation: Rotationsreglernas påverkan på revisorns oberoende, revisionskvalitet samt revisorns legitimitet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Research has shown both advantages and disadvantages of rotation rules for auditors. Some argue that the auditor's independence and the audit quality are strengthened in connection with rotation rules, since the auditor does not get a close relationship with clients. At the same time, other researchers indicate that the auditor's independence and the audit quality will deteriorate when rotation rules are applied. An auditor must, regardless of assignment, always revise on the basis of good auditing practice and always be independent in the assignments. Research indicates that the auditor's independence is seen as a professional asset, if an auditor acts negligently, this would affect the auditor's legitimacy, and confidence in auditors can thus be questioned by society.

    Questions: What impact does rotation rules have on the auditor's independence? What impact does rotation rules have on the audit quality?

    Purpose: The purpose of the study is to contribute, from a legitimacy perspective, the perceptions of auditors on the impact of the rotation rules on the auditor's independence and the audit quality. The study will also contribute with an understanding of how the relationship between auditor and client affects the auditor's independence and the audit quality. When it is the relationship being studied, the friendship threat within the statutory analysis model will be described.

    Method: Seven interviews with authorized auditors in small or medium-sized auditing firms have been conducted. The interviewed auditors have been chosen through a strategic selection to contribute with understanding of the chosen area.

    Results and conclusion: The study shows that rotation rules do not affect the auditor's independence in fact, but that it affects the auditor's independence in appearance, which strengthens society's confidence in auditors. Rotational rules can also improve the audit quality as an auditor who has had an assignment for several years can carry out the auditing by routine and not be attentive enough. However, the study's results suggest that rotation rules may impair the audit quality during the first year of an assignment because an auditor should have knowledge of the client's activities in order to perform the audit with high quality.

  • 466.
    Andersson, Josefina
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Drama groups: Stigma challenging and well-being of individuals living with HIV/AIDS in Uganda2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this narrative study was to describe the role and potentials of drama groups for enhancing and maintaining well-being for female drama group members living with HIV in Uganda. Six semi-structured interviews were carried out and analyzed through a thematic analysis. The analysis was made within a theoretical framework based upon Sen's notion of the capability approach and social psychological theories of the self. The results showed that the activities carried out by the drama group empowered the women through increasing their access to important capabilities such as inclusion and self-respect. It further indicated that the women needed other forms of support before being able to benefit from these activities. However, some capabilities were still inaccessible to the women due to obstacles as poverty and harmful gender norms.

  • 467.
    Andersson, Josefine
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Karlsson, Johnny
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Hiv-positivas erfarenheter av möten med vårdpersonal i allmänna vården: En intervjustudie2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe HIV-carriers’ experiences of encounters with caregivers in the public health care.

    The result is based on experiences of eight respondents. The participants had lived with HIV from three to twenty-three years. The data was collected by qualitative interviews.

    The results show that HIV-carriers have a low trust of the secrecy in the public health care. They experience resistance in form of long wait and of being denied care and treatment. People with HIV mean that caregivers get scared, distant and avoid physical contact after being told about the HIV-diagnosis. HIV-carriers experience that health care staff waste resources and devote themselves in unnecessary protective measures. They also describe afear of contact with the public health care.

    Positive experiences have by the HIV-positive been described as not being given any special treatment due to their illness. If the medical staff is understanding, open minded and don´t ask strange questions it infuses a sense of security. HIV-carriers appreciate encounters where the information about their blood-borne virus are being received with equanimity and does not trigger any negative reactions.

  • 468.
    Andersson, Kajsa-Stina
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Karlström, Pernilla
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    "Förhoppningsvis når man alla någon gång": - en kvalitativ studie om individanpassad undervisning2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Literature that contains the concept individual tailored education show both positive and negative aspects, regarding this method. With this background, we found it interesting to examine how active teachers, in the compulsory school, express about individual tailored education. In order to study how it is in the reality, we have chosen to use us of a qualitative method, with interviews for collecting of information. The information that was gathered have then been analyzed and described with the aid of theory connection. The result showed that timerelated individualization is the most common type that teachers applies in their education, but the respondents also points out the importens to adapt the education on the basis of each individual, in another word difficultrelated individualization. The respondents maintained also that this work form is to advantage for the pupils who have difficulties, something that distinguish from research within the area. The study also showed another interesting aspect, namely that there were contradictions between teachers and researchers, whether individual tailored education is an illusion or if it is reality. An obstacle that the respondents points out is that the school of today has big classes with only one teacher, which means that it, according to time, can be difficult to organize individual tailored education.

  • 469.
    Andersson, Karin
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    'Consider' and its Swedish equivalents in relation to machine translation2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study describes the English verb ’consider’ and the characteristics of some of its senses. An investigation of this kind may be useful, since a machine translation program, SYSTRAN, has invariably translated ’consider’ with the Swedish verbs ’betrakta’ (Eng: ’view’, regard’) and ’anse’ (Eng: ’regard’). This handling of ’consider’ is not satisfactory in all contexts.

    Since ’consider’ is a cogitative verb, it is fascinating to observe that both the theory of semantic primes and universals and conceptual semantics are concerned with cogitation in various ways. Anna Wierzbicka, who is one of the advocates of semantic primes and universals, argues that THINK should be considered as a semantic prime. Moreover, one of the prime issues of conceptual semantics is to describe how thoughts are constructed by virtue of e.g. linguistic components, perception and experience.

    In order to define and clarify the distinctions between the different senses, we have taken advantage of the theory of mental spaces.

    This thesis has been structured in accordance with the meanings that have been indicated in WordNet as to ’consider’. As a consequence, the senses that ’consider’ represents have been organized to form the subsequent groups: ’Observation’, ’Opinion’ together with its sub-group ’Likelihood’ and ’Cogitation’ followed by its sub-group ’Attention/Consideration’.

    A concordance tool, http://www.nla.se/culler, provided us with 90 literary quotations that were collected in a corpus. Afterwards, these citations were distributed between the groups mentioned above and translated into Swedish by SYSTRAN.

    Furthermore, the meanings as to ’consider’ have also been related to the senses, recorded by the FrameNet scholars. Here, ’consider’ is regarded as a verb of ’Cogitation’ and ’Categorization’.

    When this study was accomplished, it could be inferred that certain senses are connected to specific syntactic constructions. In other cases, however, the distinctions between various meanings can only be explained by virtue of semantics.

    To conclude, it appears to be likely that an implementation is facilitated if a specific syntactic construction can be tied to a particular sense. This may be the case concerning some meanings of ’consider’. Machine translation is presumably a much more laborious task, if one is solely governed by semantic conditions.

  • 470.
    Andersson, Karin
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    ”På samma sätt som alla barn, med vänlighet och respekt”: En kvalitativ studie om mångkulturellt arbete i förskolan2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this qualitative study was to analyze, describe and understand the school leaders and teachers’ perceptions about multicultural work in preschool, and their importance to preschool activities. The study was based on sociocultural theory and built on interviews of school leaders and teachers in a multicultural preschool.

    The results of the study showed that the school leaders and teachers expressed that children and parents should be treated with respect regardless of cultural background. The teachers considered themselves important to convey basic values of the curriculum as well as the Swedish language and culture to preschool children and parents. They also expressed their experience of different cultural backgrounds as exciting and rewarding, giving them a deeper knowledge of alternative ways to think and believe. The teachers of the study considered children's language development as the most important content, both in Swedish and in children's first language.

    In the discussion of the study were results compared with theories and previous research. Teacher's complex and multi-faceted work were problematized with questions how the early childhood education could be developed. There were questions in discussion about the inclusion of children of different cultures and first language, questions about values as well as children’s dual cultural affiliation. These issues can contribute to develop early childhood education to a preschool where all children and families' cultural backgrounds are equal, and where all children's languages is included.

  • 471.
    Andersson, Katarina
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Ljungkvist, Ann
    University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Distriktssköterskors upplevelse av att möta familjer till överviktiga barn.2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Obesity in children is a sensetive topic that can arouse strong emotions among the parents. In the meeting with the children and their families the child care center´s function is to support and guide, because that work is a key task för the districtnurse. Children´s obesity is a sensitive topic and its difficult to talk about it without make the families to get a sense och feeling hurt. Aims: the aim of this study is to describe how district nurses at the child care center expeience meeting with families of overweight children. Metod: Seven interviews were conducted with district nurses in child health activities. Data were using qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach. Results: From the result appeared two main themes; Challenges and difficulties in the conversation in the meeting with the family, to be able to have an holistic approach in the meeting with the family to get a health promoting change. Summary: The result describes how the district nurses in child care center experience the meeting with the families to overweight children, and difficulties to deal with because of the subjects sensivity. The result proves the importance of to find out about each family´s situation and create conditions for changing lifestyles. The district nurses caring attitude is importent to get the message trough. 

  • 472.
    Andersson, Kerstin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Uggeldahl, Danijela
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Distriktssköterskors erfarenheter av kommunikation med patienter i palliativ hemsjukvård: -en intervjustudie2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    About 90 000 people die every year in Sweden. Some of them die in their homes. In the community, the district nurse has responsibility for palliative care. This study is based on nine interviews with district nurses working in community home care in three different communities. Its aim is to describe district nurses’ experiences of communication with patients in palliative home care. A comprehensive theme evolved which was named The multifaceted communication could be described on the basis of two categories: The simple communication and The difficult communication. The analysis resulted in following seven subcategories: To be successful in communication, Patients’ acceptance of their situation, To be there for the patients, To communicate with patients when relatives are on the same level, Failure in communication, Patients’ lack of acceptance of their situation and Meeting relatives and people close to the patient when they are not on the same level. As student district nurses and authors, we hope that this study will increase the awareness of how district nurses experience communication in palliative care and thereby increase our knowledge and improve communication between district nurses and patients in palliative care.

  • 473.
    Andersson, Kim
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Effekten av game feel: Hur tillägget av ren game feel påverkar en spelares immersion, jämfört med tillägget av detaljerad grafik, i ett actionspel med kort utvecklingstid2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med detta arbete är att jämföra effekterna av game feel och detaljerad grafik på en spelares immersion. Arbetet är riktat mot korta produktioner och har som mål att redovisa data som gör att spelutvecklare kan göra informerade val vid implementation av funktionalitet och grafik. Tre prototyper skapades för att mäta spelarnas immersion: en med abstrakt grafik, en med detaljerad grafik och en med game feel. Försökpersonernas upplevelse av prototyperna samlades in med hjälp av en webbbaserad enkät. Försökpersonernas svar visar inga säkra resultat men pekar på att försökspersonerna som spelade prototypen med game feel upplevde mest immersion.

  • 474.
    Andersson, Kristin
    University of Skövde, Department of Computer Science.
    Elektronisk handel i den kommunala sektorn1999Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetets syfte är att belysa hur långt den kommunala sektorn i Skåne och Blekinge län har kommit med elektronisk handel. Uppsatsen baseras bl.a. på litteraturstudier om elektronisk handel i allmänhet, dess användningsområden, dess fördelar respektive nackdelar samt Toppledarforums och Svenska Kommunförbundets intresse av kommunernas arbete med denna handel. Jag har genomfört intervjuer med insatta personer från kommunerna i min målpopulation, om de respektive kommunernas ak-tiviteter kring elektronisk handel. I intervjuerna har respondenterna bl.a. berättat om de har implementerat elektronisk handel eller ej, redogjort för hur långt de har kommit med denna handel samt givit insyn i de framtida tankarna kring den elektroniska handeln. Slutsatserna i mitt arbete visar i huvudsak att 6 kommuner av totalt 35 tillfrågade har implementerat elektronisk handel någonstans i organisationen och att knappt 70% av de tillfrågade kommunerna har infört eller arbetar med ett införande av elektronisk handel. Procentsatsen (ca 70%) stämmer väl överens med Toppledarforums undersökning om den elektroniska handelns spridning inom den kommunala sektorn.

  • 475.
    Andersson, Kristin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Blanehögh, Sophia
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Chefers förhållningssätt till mål inom målstyrning i offentlig verksamhet2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Management by objectives is an often applied tool in the public sector where overall objectives occurs at the political level and is broken down into a hierarchy of objectives to be handled at each level. Management by objectives means that objectives are set for an operating part or whole to that stakeholder should work in the same direction. Management by objectives requires that objectives are controlled and therefore require objectives to be measurable so a comparison of planned and accomplished objectives becomes possible. The objectives can be of different importance and it should for clarity indicate whether they intend resources, achievements or results. Problem: How do the managers at various levels in the public sector relate to objectives in management by objectives? Purpose: The study intends to contribute to a deeper understanding and knowledge of the objectives in management by objectives where the delimitation is to discern why managers relate the way they do to the organization's objectives. Method: A qualitative case study of the social services in a municipal in Skaraborg. Theory: Literature and scientific articles about management by objectives and institutional theory have created our theoretical framework. This theoretical framework has also resulted in an analytical model that has been supporting the empirical analysis. Empiricism: Empirical material was collected through interviews with managers at different levels in the operation. Analysis: Empirical data have been analyzed with the aid of the analysis model. We have analyzed various levels of management about their approach to objectives in management by objectives. Conclusion: Our conclusion is that the approach to management by objectives for managers in all levels of operation, are positive although there are deficiencies with management by objectives. The most prominent deficiency is that objectives can be difficult to measure in quantitative terms. This has developed an ability to measure objectives in other ways than in quantity. In management by objectives in this operation, it is important to relate to the values and norms because the objectives are based on these.

  • 476.
    Andersson, Kristin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Lundblom Bäckström, Maria
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskans möjligheter att hjälpa kvinnor med bröstcancer att hantera fatigue: En Litteraturbaserad studie2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Fatigue is a side effect for women with breast cancer undergoing adjuvant therapy. The nurse can through nursing interventions help these women to manage and reduce side effects of fatigue. The concept of empowerment and the Orem theory of self-help can beviewed as a basis for the nurse in nursing. Purpose: To describe how women with breast cancer during adjuvant treatment, manage and reduce symptom of fatigue with the help of nursing care interventions, founded in the concept of empowerment and self-help. Method: Literature-based study based on twelve qualitative and quantitative articles. Results: The incidence of fatigue remains, but different methods can reduce levels. Exercise and movement can alleviate the degree of fatigue. Musclerelaxation exercises resulted in decreased levels and decreased perception of fatigue. A balanced sleep and reduced stress resulted in positive effects on perceived fatigue. Conclusion: There are several of nursing interventions that are possible to implement both for nurses alone and also with other professions. Together can nurses and their patients determine the degree of fatigue and tailor an individual care plan. Exercise program and group interventions with empowerment as a basis can be used to strengthen and help these women manage fatigue.

  • 477.
    Andersson Lassila, Andreas
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science.
    Folcke, Marcus
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science.
    Numerical and experimental analysis of adhesively bonded T-joints: Using a bi-material interface and cohesive zone modelling2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With increasing climate change the automotive industry is facing increasing demands regarding emissions and environmental impact. To lower emissions and environmental impact the automotive industry strives to increase the efficiency of vehicles by for example reducing the weight. This can be achieved by the implementation of lightweight products made of composite materials where different materials must be joined. A key technology when producing lightweight products is adhesive joining.

    In an effort to expand the implementations of structural adhesives Volvo Buses wants to increase their knowledge about adhesive joining techniques. This thesis is done in collaboration with Volvo Buses and aims to increase the knowledge about numerical simulations of adhesively bonded joints. A numerical model of an adhesively bonded T-joint is presented where the adhesive layer is modelled using the Cohesive Zone Model. The experimental extraction of cohesive laws for adhesives is discussed and implemented as bi-linear traction-separation laws. Experiments of the T-joint for two different load cases are performed and compared to the results of the numerical simulations. The experimental results shows a similar force-displacement response as for the results of the numerical simulations. Although there were deviations in the maximum applied load and for one load case there were deviations in the behavior after the main load drop. The deviations between numerical and experimental results are believed to be due to inaccurate material properties for the adhesive, the use of insufficient bi-linear cohesive laws, the occurrence of a combination of adhesive and cohesive fractures during the experiments and dissimilar effective bonding surface areas in the numerical model and the physical specimens.

  • 478.
    Andersson, Lena
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Ekstedt, Lillemor
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av nutritionsåtgärder i palliativt slutskede: en litteraturöversikt2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Palliative care requires an ethical and comprehensive view of the patient and his/her needs, and it is essential to create a supportive relationship with the patient while efficiently coordinating with one’s colleagues. It is difficult for nurses to makethe proper decisions about nutritional measures in order for the patient to have a peaceful death. Aim: The aim of this study is to highlight nurses’ experiences with giving, finishing or abandoning nasogastric intubation and parenteral nutrition with patients during the final phase of palliative care. Method: A literature survey was conducted and 10 scientific articles were reviewed and analyzed according to the Friberg (2006) model. Result: Four categories (with ten subcategories) were identified: life quality, ethical aspects, communication, and education. Nurses who create an early dialogue with the patient, relatives, and doctors about nutritional measures during the final phase of life improve individual care and preserve the patient’s autonomy. However, nurses feel insecure when it comes to nutritional measures because of a lack of knowledge about the physiological process in the phase of death. Conclusion: Further education is needed in order for nurses to feel more secure when making measures about nutrition in the final phase of life.

  • 479.
    Andersson, Lena
    et al.
    Centre for Clinical Research, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Eriksson, Irene
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Nordgren, Lena
    Centre for Clinical Research, Sörmland, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Living with heart failure without realising: A qualitative patient study2012In: British Journal of Community Nursing, ISSN 1462-4753, E-ISSN 2052-2215, Vol. 17, no 12, p. 630-637Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Heart failure is an important problem in Swedish primary healthcare as in the UK. In spite of that little is known about how people with heart failure experience support from primary healthcare. This paper investigates how people with heart failure experience support in primary healthcare. Semi structured interviews were conducted with five men and five women, born 1922-1951. The interviews were analyzed with qualitative content analysis in accordance with Graneheim and Lundman (2004). The participants experienced they had not received information about their diagnosis or about the cause of their condition. They had not been informed they had heart failure. Instead the participants believed their symptoms were caused by age, thus being part of normal ageing. They did not experience they needed care or support to cope with illness or disease. Instead their main needs for support in daily life concerned help with practical matters.There is a risk primary healthcare abandons people with heart failure meaning the patients are forced to develop strategies on their own in order to manage symptoms. When inadequately informed there is also a risk they make up their own explanations signifying possible difficulties to handle their health situation.

  • 480.
    Andersson, Lena
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Helmersson, Camilla
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Klagomål: Med inriktning på vad konsumenterna anser om klagomålshantering2010Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi har valt att studera klagomålshantering ur kundens synvinkel eftersom det är kundens åsikter om detta som spelar roll för butiken. Kunderna måste vilja återkomma till butiken för att den ska kunna bli lönsam. Problemet som vi ställde för den här uppsatsen handlade om hur klagomålshantering kan hjälpa en butik till att behålla sina kunder och vårda sina kundrelationer samt vad som påverkar ifall en kund väljer att framföra sitt klagomål eller inte och vilken respons de önskar sig från butiken? Syftet med denna uppsats är att beskriva hur konsumenterna uppfattar klagomålshantering och vilken roll klagomålshantering kan spela för butiken. Teorier som användes i denna uppsats berör marknadsföring, kundtillfredsställelse, personlig försäljning, värdskap, klagomål samt word of mouth. Alla dessa delar spelar stor roll när det handlar om just butikens klagomålshantering. Klagomål är något som en butik inte kan undvika eftersom det alltid finns situationer som kunder kommer att vara mindre nöjda med. Därför har vi i den här uppsatsen lagt fokus på att utreda vad kunderna anser om klagomålshantering, hur de vill att butiken ska hantera deras klagomål och hur de vill bli bemötta. Detta kommer butikerna i sin tur ha användning av eftersom deras mål är att skapa nöjda kunder. Uppsatsen bygger på kundintervjuer med 13 slumpmässigt utvalda kunder som har fått berätta om sina erfarenheter av klagomålshantering. Alla hade varit missnöjda med något, men alla hade inte valt att framföra detta till butikerna. Vi utredde därför vad det var som påverkade en kund till att framföra sitt klagomål samtidigt som vi utredde vilken betydelse klagomålshantering kan ha för butiken. En viktig slutsats som vi kom fram till är att klagomålshantering har en väldigt stor betydelse för butikerna för att de ska kunna behålla sina kunder. Det är viktigt att det skapas rutiner för hur personalen ska bemöta kunden när hon framför ett klagomål för att inte förvärra situationen.

  • 481.
    Andersson, Lina
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Svensson, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Det vårdande och icke vårdande mötet med personer som har ett alkoholmissbruk: en litteraturöversikt2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Today, more and more Swedish people are drinking more frequently and in larger quantities. Alcohol abuse is painful for the victim and his family, while being a widespread and costly problem for society. Healthcare professionals are knowledgeable about alcohol and its effects and can therefore play a very important role in the healthcare prevention related to alcohol and substance abuse. AIM: The aim of this study is to describe the care of patients with an alcohol abuse with a special focus on treatment and care relationship. METHOD: A literature review in which nine research articles were analyzed. RESULT: Nurses felt that questions about alcohol consumption were difficult to handle in practice when the questions could be experienced as insulting and bring the patient strong emotions. While patients want to be open about their addiction and, therefore, which they are asked about their alcohol habits. CONCLUSION: To treat and care for people with alcohol abuse can cause special difficulties. The result shows that the balance between the desire to care and to not always believe the patient makes the meeting more difficult. While the health professionals must take the step to dare to ask questions about alcohol consumption.

  • 482.
    Andersson, Linda
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    KARAKTÄRSDESIGN MED SUBTILARE FORMELEMENT: Design av goda och onda manliga och kvinnliga karaktärer2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta arbete handlar om hur jag har tagit fram koncept och färdiga modeller på fyra karaktärer, två manliga och två kvinnliga. Under arbetets gång har jag försökt ta reda på om jag kan förmedla livsåskådningarna god och ond genom subtilare formelement. Jag valde att använda mig av både ett västerländskt och österländskt perspektiv i min karaktärsdesign. Det västerländska perspektivet på de goda och det österländska på de onda karaktärerna.

    Jag har studerat bland annat hur vi uppfattar varandra, kroppsspråk, stereotyper och färger. Jag har dessutom jämfört västerländskt tecknade filmer, Walt Disney, med japanskt tecknad animeserier. Jag kom fram till att en blandning av former, stereotyper och färger gör det möjligt att förmedla godhet och ondska med en subtilare stil, det vill säga min stil.

  • 483.
    Andersson, Linda
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Kvinnors upplevda sexuella hälsa efter bröstcancer: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Over one million women worldwide are diagnosed with breast cancer every year. In Sweden, the disease is estimated to reach over seven thousand. The treatment includes surgery, hormones and cytostatic witch is strenuous and can change the woman’s body image and their sexual health. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe experienced sexual health from resulting symptoms among women with breast cancer treatment. Method: The study is a literature study where 15 articles were summarized in the result. Result: Breast cancer treatment affected the woman's experience of her body as less feminine and less attractive. Difficulties such as dry vaginal mucous membranes, pain during intercourse and decreased sexual desire are other experienced health factors that have been affected. Talking about their sexual health problems with healthcare providers was difficult and they feel that it’s not a priority for health care. Discussion: Communication on sexual health is part of the nurse's task. Information between healthcare providers is missing and the woman considers it difficult to re-address her sexual problems. The woman's experience of being less attractive related to breast reduction considered be created by the ideal women in society. Furthermore, the discuss is about if pain in the vagina is a side effect to treatment or is it the feeling that they must satisfy their partners sexual needs who creates reduced libido and excitement. 

  • 484.
    Andersson, Linda
    University of Skövde, Department of Computer Science.
    Problem i samband med processmodellering vid utveckling av branschspecifika affärssystem2001Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En trend på marknaden för affärssystem är att utveckla branschspecifika affärssystem, det vill säga system som är anpassade till affärsprocesserna inom en viss bransch. Eftersom det är affärsprocesserna i en verksamhet som affärssystemet ska stödja är det vid utveckling av affärssystem viktigt att kartlägga dessa processer.

    Detta arbete syftar till att undersöka vilka problem som kan uppstå i samband med processkartläggning vid utveckling av branschspecifika affärssystem. Vidare är arbetet begränsat till att endast behandla problem vad det gäller val, uppdelning och benämning av affärsprocesser. Arbetet har genomförts dels genom en fallstudie, dels genom intervjuer av leverantörer av affärssystem.

    Resultatet av detta arbete visar på problem med att avgöra hur många och vilka affärsprocesser som ska innefattas av affärssystemet. Vidare kan problem uppstå bland annat vad det gäller identifiering av huvudprocesser och antalet processnivåer som ska tillämpas. Problemen kring benämning av affärsprocesser visade sig vara av mindre omfattning, dock kan det finnas risk att benämningen avspeglar avdelningar inom verksamheter istället för affärsprocesser.

  • 485.
    Andersson, Linna
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science.
    Bergström, Ellinor
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science.
    Utveckling av portabel mobilhållare som hjälpmedel vid e-möten och distansundervisning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the degree project is to methodically develop a product that will serve as an accessory for a smartphones during documentation. A preliminary study was done to gain a deeper knowledge and understanding of digital meeting rooms, how a camera works and what resolution is. With the information gathered, the work went on to a literature study on additive manufacturing, how a product can be designed and printed digitally. The preliminary study resulted in a requirement specification that formed the basis for concept generation and later a result.

     The result was a prototype of a lightweight and portable holder for smartphones that is 3D-printable and made out of only one material, which provides good recycling opportunities for the user. The prototype fulfills most of the sub-goals that were set up early and the main purpose of the project could also be met.

  • 486.
    Andersson, Lisa
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Nilsson, Sara
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Svåra samtal - en del av sjuksköterskans vardag: En intervjustudie2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the daily work of a nurse, talking to patients is part of the nursing care. Communication can be very difficult, and some conversations are harder than others. To make it easier for inexperienced nurses to relate and handle these conversations it’s important to establish what conversations nurses consider difficult and what the most challenging aspects are, and this was the aim of this study. Only a few previous studies describe what nurses consider difficult communication, and none of them focus on what the nurses perceive as the most challenging aspects. A qualitative method was chosen and content analysis was used as an analyze method. The study comprises interviews with six nurses in one hospital in the west of Sweden. The results of the analysis show six main categories which contain six nurses’ descriptions of what they consider to be the most difficult communication. The categories are: communication when the personal chemistry don’t match, hopeful communication when delivering negative notification, communicating with angry patients, sensitive communication, conciliating communication with relatives, and being presence in communication under stress. What all nurses found most challenging was, to be present in the conversation to keep the patients hope and help the patient accept their situation.

  • 487.
    Andersson, Lise
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Exponering i butiken - Hur kan butiker i klädesbranschen använda ytor, designfaktorer och exponeringstekniker för att uppmärksamma kunderna på deras sortiment?2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To stand out on the market and from the competitors it’s important to know how to work effective by presenting and alert the customer on the range. When working with exposure it’s good to think about how the store in a good way can use the range, area, design factors and exposure techniques. The range can sell itself if the store has a visually attractive merchandising.

    The report is intended to determine how exposure in store can make costumers aware of the range when working with the area, design factors and exposure techniques. The study is a qualitative study with an individual interview and two observations. The interview is with a visual merchandiser and the observations are with a large store and a small store. All units belong to the clothing industry. It has also been 15 interviews with costumers about what they noticed in the visual merchandiser’s store. The visual merchandiser work in a chain business and the observed stores belong to both a chain business and a single store. This is to get useful knowledge and deeper understanding of the practical work of a decorator and see how the two stores of various sizes work in the visible environment and to see what the costumers get aware of.

    The results show that exposure is something all the stores work with effective and it’s hard to see only one right way. The most similarity was between the two chains, which clearly showed a red thread of the visual and "silent" communication. Similarities of all the stores were that they had white and black as base colors, used special exposure, they had a podium and used a shopwindow. The results of interviews with consumers revealed that many consumers have already decided to visit the store before they are outside the store. The shopwindow was an area that all but one noticed, but it was only a third part that said that it was the determining factor to the visit. Many noticed the podium first at the entrance which is one of the a-sites. The inspiration and possible purchases were from different eye-catcher in the store, that different from other interior elements. The signs that the costumers noticed was mainly those who are perceptually attractive, there was no one who had communicated with the staff beyond any purchase at pay desk.

  • 488.
    Andersson, Liselotte
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Hillberg, Jenny
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Att leva med en livshotande sjukdom: en studie av självbiografier2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A life-threatening disease is a crisis and a suffering. Previous research are focused on terminally ill patients experiences and shows the importance of open communication, to live a active normal life and that peoples apprehension about death is different. The aim of this study was to describe how it is to live with a life-threatening disease in a every day life, based on autobiographies. The study is based on a qualitative approach and a analysis of six autobiographies. The results is presented in five themes. Each theme is described separately with help from quotation from the autobiographies. The results shows that the experiences of living with a life- threatening disease involves a need to live a every day life as it used to be, to get a increased well-being. It even includes a uncertainty future and a constant anxiety and fear. To have someone to share the experience with, a good support and to feel confidence from nursing staff is important. How peoples life situation are influenced by the life-threatening disease and how important it is that nursing staff confirm patients experience are discussed.

  • 489.
    Andersson, Louice
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Sex- och samlevnadsundervisning: En kvalitativ studie om flickors och pojkars uppfattningar om undervisningen i skolår 7-92010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Experience and research of sexual education in school shows that the teaching is not valued as satisfaction by young people. To investigate this statement a study of girls’and boys’ perceptions of content and teaching methods in sexual education in secondary school was conducted. How the teaching should be designed to be meaningful is of interest in the study. The study was conducted with a qualitative approach where the key is to get the different views. To gather the data both questionnaires and group interviews were used. The questionnaires study involved 47 students and group interviews four girls and four boys. The result shows that students believe that sexual education is important and that they had received a good education in secondary school. Common for girls and boys is that they want a varied teaching of both content and teaching methods. It's important that anyone who teaches in the area must have good knowledge. The students also think that the teacher must not be embarrassed and think it's embarrassing when students ask questions. Students in the investigation wants more time for discussions. The study also shows that a large part of teaching is on issues related to sexuality, genital anatomy, STD and contraception. On the other hand is only a bit of time about relationships, which is an area that students are asking for. In order to achieve a meaningful education, from a student perspective, requires that students gain knowledge of what the area contains in order to be able to have influence in teaching. By preliminary information students can be given influence in teaching. It's of great importance that the teacher understands students' questions and what students feel is relevant for them right now.

  • 490.
    Andersson, Louise
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience.
    Psychedelic agents: Changes induced in subjective experience and brain activity2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis combines phenomenological and neuroscientific research to elucidate the effects of psychedelic agents on the human brain, mind and psychological well-being. Psychoactive plants have been used for thousands of years for ceremonial and ritual purposes. Psychedelics are psychoactive substances that affect cognitive processes and alter perception, thoughts, and mood. Illegalization of psychedelics in the 1960s rendered them impossible to study empirically but in the last couple of decades, relaxed legal restrictions regarding research purposes, renewed interest in the effects of psychedelic drugs and new brain imaging techniques have started to reveal the possibilities of these mind-altering substances. Psychedelics mainly affect the serotonin receptor 5-HT2A which in turn affect the functioning of largescale cortical areas by changing cerebral blood flow, alpha oscillations, and functional connectivity. These cortical changes not only induce immediate alterations in perception and cognition but have been shown to have positive effects in therapeutic interventions for depression, anxiety, and addiction, and also positively affect well-being in general. Although the pharmacology and neurobiology of psychedelics are still poorly understood, the potential benefits justify empirical research on psychedelics in humans.

  • 491.
    Andersson, Louise
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science.
    Erlandsson, Stefan
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science.
    Utveckling av ett lyftverktyg för skivformade produkter2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the second semester of 2013, product design engineering students Stefan Erlandsson and Louise Andersson have been involved in a project in cooperation with entrepreneur Lars Willebrand. The main objective of this project has been to develop a lifting tool for sheet materials. The lifting tool is one of four different products developed by Lars Willebrand. The line of products also includes an overhead crane, a slewing crane and a storage drawer for metal sheets, which are already fully developed and ready for production. The purpose of this lifting tool is to be used along with the storage drawer which means that is has to be optimised for lifting sheet materials from different heights. This means that the lifting tool has to be designed with regards to the users working postures. Human factors such as ergonomics have to be taken into account as well.

    The initial part of the project is a pre-study with focus on ergonomics and human factors. This pre-study included a study in relevant literature, contact with a manufacturing company and an analysis of the possible competitor’s lifting tools. The results from the pre-study have further been used to define the specification of requirements, which is the foundation for the concept development. The concept development has undergone a number of different phases. All of the lifting tool’s main functions were broken down and developed individually. The functions were as follows; adjustment of the suction cups, lifting from different heights and handling. The most suitable solution for each main function were chosen and assembled into one final concept.

    The final concept has been analysed and further developed in order to please the employer and the users of the lifting tool. Some details in the design have been changed in order to ease the manufacturing of the lifting tool. To ensure that the final concept matches the specification of requirements, strength calculations and FEM analysis have been made and anthropometrical measurements have been taken into account. The final chapters include a discussion and recommendations for further development of the lifting tool.

  • 492.
    Andersson, Louise
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Fridh, Emma
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    En komparativ fallstudie mellan fyra kommunala fastighetsföretags miljöarbete och miljöredovisning2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The concerns over how activities of enterprises have affected the environment have increased, and therefore enterprises environmental activities have increased to reach a sustainable future. Enterprises can work with environmental issues in several ways, and environmental work is becoming more common in SMEs. The business of real estate has large energy consumption, several hazardous chemicals and a high generation of solid waste, resulting in affecting the environment. Environmental issues should be important for enterprises in the business of real estate, because of the environmental impact the business have. 

    The purpose of this study is to identify and describe which of the proactive motivations: personal values, stakeholder pressure, legitimation and competitive advantages, that is the reason to why environmental activities were initiated, occurs and reports in four municipal   real estate SMEs in Skaraborg. Empirical material was collected from four municipal real estate companies: Tidaholms Bostads AB, AB Karlsborgsbostäder, AB Bostäder Lidköping and AB Skövdebostäder to fulfil the purpose. The empirical material was collected through semi-structured interviews with informants with different positions, and examination of annual reports from 2014.

    The result and conclusion of the study is that the motivations of why environmental activities were initiated and occurs have, to some extent, changed. The proactive motivation for the initiation of the activities in all companies is staffs’ personal values. The motivations of why environmental activities occur in all companies is staffs’ personal values and stakeholder pressure from the staff. The motivation, competitive advantages, is in one of the companies a motivation to the occurring environmental activities. Stakeholder pressure from owners is in one of the companies a motivation to the occurring environmental activities. Our conclusion is also that the motivation to the reporting of environmental activities in municipal real estate businesses is legitimation, resulting in the motivations to report and environmental activities differ.

  • 493.
    Andersson, Madelene
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Kristensson, Katarina
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Livsstilsbutiker: Väljer butiker att kalla sig för livsstilsbutiker för att de har en helhet i utbudet som representerar ett livsstilskoncept som konsumenter identifierar sig med, eller är det snarare ett sätt att skapa ett intresse hos konsumenterna och särskilja butiken på marknaden?2007Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    De senaste årtiondena har den privata konsumtionen per capita ökat påtagligt och konsumenters köpbeslut har alltmer kommit att handla om emotionella köpkriterier och shopping har kommit att bli mer än bara ett produktval. Användandet av livsstilar som bas för segmentering har blivit ett populärt inslag i dagens marknadsföring. Med detta menas att butiker segmenterar sin marknad efter konsumentens intressen, erfarenheter och uppfattningar, för att nå konsumenten så bra som möjligt samt få konkurrensfördelar mot konkurrenterna. Uppsatsens undersökning bygger på att vi har besökt butiker som utger sig för att vara livsstilsbutiker. Vi intervjuade representanter för butikerna för att få deras syn på livsstilskoncept. Syfte med detta är att få reda på om butiker väljer att kalla sig för livsstilsbutiker för att de har ett koncept som bildar en livsstil som konsumenten identifierar sig med, eller om det snarare är ett sätt att skapa ett intresse och särskilja butiken på marknaden? Mot bakgrund av detta har vi genomfört en undersökning bland kunder som besöker livsstilsbutiker. Uppsatsens syfte är att se till livsstil som differentierings- och segmenteringsstrategi, för att se hur kundströmmar svarar upp och identifierar sig med konceptet. Vårt arbete utgår ifrån en mix av en kvalitativ och kvantitativ undersökningsmetod. Vi kan konstatera att det är en fördel att använda sig av båda två, eftersom det säkrar upp för och täcker upp så att vi fick med oss alla bitar. De centrala slutsatserna för uppsatsen är att livsstilsbutiker differentierar sig från traditionella butiker genom att sälja in en helhet, ett koncept. Dessa koncept kan skilja sig åt i olika avseende eller vara likartade. öjligheter som skapas utifrån detta sätt att särskilja sig är att butiken får en säregen position på marknaden som är svår för andra att kopiera. Samt att livsstilskonceptet är gångbart som differentieringsstrategi men ineffektiv för butiksägare som segmenteringsfokus. Detta eftersom livsstilsbutiker verkligen kan särskilja sig från konkurrenter och erbjuda fördelar och mervärden till konsumenterna som konkurrenterna inte har. Vi kan även konstatera att livsstilsbutiker är på väg in på marknaden och att det är ett koncept som är här för att stanna, samt ett bra sätt för butiker att verkligen kunna särskilja sig på marknaden. Den viktigaste fördelen med livsstilsbutikerna är att konsumenterna ser butiken som annorlunda men det är en stor nackdel att konsumenterna inte köper konceptet. De har ännu inte riktigt tagit till sig konceptet utan ser alltså livsstilsbutiker mer som annorlunda butiker i dagsläget. Resultaten från studien pekar på att livsstilsbutiker ger stora möjligheter, men det är fortfarande relativt nytt för konsumenterna. Undersökningen visar att det snarare handlar om en stark differentiering än om livsstil i de butiker vi har besökt.

  • 494.
    Andersson, Magus
    University of Skövde, Department of Computer Science.
    Distribution Channels for Internet Telephony1998Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are a great number of models and theories described by authors like Kotler & Armstrong (1996) and Hutt & Speh (1989) about distribution channels. However the models and theories are quite abstract and not branch specific.

    The size of the Internet is growing in an incredible speed and new possibilities with the Internet are being invented every day. The new technologies make it possible to use the Internet in many different businesses (Statskontoret, 1997). One such business is the telecommunication business and the technique of Internet telephony.

    With these both statements above I ask myself: How can Internet telephony be distributed?

    The question is if existing distribution channels on the market are suitable for the Internet telephony products, and what channels must telecommunication companies use to be competitive on the new combined tele- and datacommunication market.

    The purpose of this research is to contribute to an increasing knowledge in how Internet telephony can be distributed. Further the purpose is to identify and evaluate different options of distribution and find important factors that affect the choice and management of the distribution channel.

    Because of a lack of information in literature describing distribution channels for Internet telephony products, I decided to do a qualitative study in order to get a hold of relevant information. Since I wanted to study a such new and specific area as distribution channels for Internet telephony products and as I wanted to have the possibility to come back with supplementary questions, I chose a case study with complementary interviews as my method.

    This research has shown that there are a number of options to distribute Internet telephony products. There are also a number of intermediaries which are relatively new on the market and are not described in detail in any literature. New kinds of value- added resellers and system integrators with good competence are quite common on the tele- and datacommunication market today. They do not only resell products but also add value in form of hardware, software or service. When doing a choice of distribution channel both manufacturers and channel members want to have a close long term relationship. This can be done with common objectives and strategies or with partnerships in different forms. In evaluating a choice of distribution channel, criterias like cost, control and adaptivity, should be taken in concern. A multichannel or horizontal distribution approach is also quite common on the tele- and datacommunication market. Manufacturers need to use different channels to reach different customer segments. To manage a good relationship in a channel the manufacturer have to motivate, handle conflicts and support the channel members.

  • 495.
    Andersson, Maja
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience.
    The Physiological Effects of Long-term Unemployment2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The stress system is essential for humans and other organisms to survive. However, when stress is prolonged it can have pathological effects on the brain. To experience long-term unemployment is often stressful, for it has been shown to correlate with depression, low self- esteem, learned helplessness and self-destructive behavior. Long-term unemployment also seems to have physiological consequences, for it has been shown to correlate with cortisol dysregulation. The hippocampus is a highly adaptable part of the brain located in the temporal lobe and is long known for its sensitivity to cortisol dysregulation due to stress. The aim of this thesis is to study how long-term unemployment affects physical and psychological well- being, focusing in particular upon finding out whether it affects the hippocampus. The results suggest that that the kind of stress caused by long-term unemployment is similar to the stress affecting the hippocampus. It thus seems to be a reasonably hypothesis that long-term unemployment has a negative influence upon the brain, and the hippocampus in particular.However, there is an additional issue that one needs to take into account. For some studies have shown that people with poor mental health are more likely to be unemployed. If poor mental health is associated with physiological disorders (including a damaged hippocampus), this implies that not only can long-term unemployment (via stress) affect the hippocampus, but a damaged hippocampus (along with other physiological factors) can increase the probability to become unemployed. This means that the relationship between long-term unemployment and a damaged hippocampus need not be a one-way causal relationship.

  • 496.
    Andersson, Malin
    University of Skövde, Department of Computer Science.
    A method for identification of putatively co-regulated genes2002Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The genomes of several organisms have been sequenced and the need for methods to analyse the data is growing. In this project a method is described that tries to identify co-regulated genes. The method identifies transcription factor binding sites, documented in TRANSFAC, in the non-coding regions of genes. The algorithm counts the number of common binding sites and the number of unique binding sites for each pair of genes and decides if the genes are co-regulated. The result of the method is compared with the correlation between the gene expression patterns of the genes. The method is tested on 21 gene pairs from the genome of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The algorithm first identified binding sites from all organisms. The accuracy of the program was very low in this case. When the algorithm was modified to only identify binding sites found in plants the accuracy was much improved, from 52% to 76% correct predictions.

  • 497.
    Andersson, Malin
    University of Skövde, Department of Computer Science.
    Juridiska aspekter beträffande företags köpvillkor vid elektronisk handel2001Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Nu för tiden blir det fler och fler människor som använder sig av elektronisk handel. Detta examensarbete behandlar den elektroniska handeln mellan företag som har privatpersoner som främsta konsument. Frågan är om det är många konsumenter som läser igenom och bryr sig om företagens köpvillkor. Antagligen antar konsumenterna att det är samma regler som gäller som vid vanliga köp ute i butiker, men det är det inte. Det som undersökts är vad de olika företagen har för köpvillkor på sina hemsidor på Internet och om de har skrivit allt relevant som konsumenten bör veta innan inköpet görs på Internet. Huvudfrågan är om företagen innehar den grundläggande kunskapen om vilka regler och lagar som gäller vid elektronisk handel. Jag använde mig av 100 olika företags köpvillkor vilket gjorde att litteraturstudie tillsammans med dokumentundersökning blev den huvudsakliga metoden.

  • 498.
    Andersson, Malin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Hedlund, Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Musikproducentens skyldigheter och rättigheter vid en skivproduktion2008Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I vårt examensarbete vill vi få en djupare insikt i en musikproducents arbetsprocess vid produktionen av ett musikalbum. Vi antog uppdraget att spela in, producera och mixa en barnproduktion innehållande tretton låtar, vilket är vårt Case. Under arbetets gång har vi även gjort en fallstudie i form av en djupintervju med en etablerad musikproducent. Resultatet blev en fullängdsproduktion som släpps under sommaren 2008.

  • 499.
    Andersson, Malin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. a14malan@student.his.se.
    Velin, Veronica
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. a13verve@student.his.se.
    Upplevelser av att leva med bipolär sjukdom: En självbiografistudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Backround: Patients with bipolar disorder/disease has episodes with depression and mania. During these episodes the ability to manage emotions, work and economy becomes more difficult. With increased understanding of their disorder, the taboo subject of bipolar disorder can decrease. Aim: The aim to this study was to describe patient´s experiences of living with bipolar disorder. Method: A qualitative research was used to analyze five biographies, which are written by patients living with bipolar disorder. Result: In the result different themes emerged which describe patient´s experiences living with bipolar disorder/disease. The themes which stood out were: The desire to get help, to accept bipolar disorder and the importance of relatives support and the feeling of being different. Conclusion: Patients with bipolar disorder needs support from relatives to get more attention from medical staff to view the entirety of the patient´s disease. Early diagnosis, treatment can be initiated which reduces the risk of suicide attempts and self harm in the patient. Increased knowledge about bipolar disorder can lead to a better working life for the patients.

  • 500.
    Andersson, Malin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Ytterberg, Elin
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    I väntan på ett barn: En litteraturöversikt som beskriver pars behov inom infertilitetsvård2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Involuntary infertility is a common problem in couples of fertile age and affects around 15–20% of all couples in the Western world who wish to have children. Infertility and the care can contribute to poorer health, which can be stressful for both parties in the couple. The process can also lead to a suffering were the nurse has an important role to play. To respond to the couple and meet their wishes, it is important to study the needs they experiences. Aim: To describe the needs couple experiences in connection with infertility care. Method: A literature review where data material consisted of seven scientific articles, two of which were quantitative, four qualitative and one of mixed method. Results: From the result, three themes appeared, Support, Respect and understanding and An Adapted and developed environment. There were also six sub-themes. Conclusion: Meeting couples in infertility care can be complex and further knowledge about what needs they are experiencing can be important. As a nurse, it is important to contribute with support and information regarding the process. It is also important to individualize the care and look to each couple's own wishes. Respect and understanding as well as adaptation and development of the organization are urgent where higher instances should become involved.

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