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  • 301.
    Almgren, Ingrid
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience. studingrid@gmail.com.
    Challenging the dual coding theory: Does Affective Information Play a Greater Role in Abstract Compared to Concrete Word Processing?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It has long been held that concrete material has a processing advantage over abstract material, as predicted by Dual Coding Theory (Paivio,1991), although this has been challenged. For example, based on evidence for behavioural and neuroscientific studies, Kousta,, Vigliocco, Vinson, & Del Campo, (2011) proposed that emotional valance had a greater influence in the processing of abstract words, and that under some circumstances there may be no concreteness effect and might even be an abstractness effect. This would not be predicted by DCT. In addition, Isen and Daubman (1984) have claimed that emotional valence, and particularly positive emotion can influence cognitive processing. Specifically, they demonstrated that positive emotion was associated with more inclusive categorization of ambiguous category members. This current study was a 2 x 2 between group design to investigate the effect of positive and negative valence on recognition memory for concrete and abstract words and on categorization. Contrary to what was predicted by Dual Coding Theory, abstract words were generally better recognized than concrete, with there being an additional interaction with valence. A significant interaction between word type and valence on categorization was also found. Results partially support Kousta et al. (2011).

  • 302.
    Almlöf Hallberg, Robin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Sadiki, Kosovare
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Den moderna pensionären: Äldre konsumenters användning av modern teknologi i köpprocessen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    How consumers act during the buyers decision making process can change with age. How older consumers use modern technology in the buyers decision making process has however not been given a clear picture by researchers. Therefore the purpose of this study is to examine how older consumers use technology in the buyers decision making process and create a more nuanced picture of their usage. By using a qualitative method in the form of small-N-study and semi-structured interviews we have been able to answer our research questions. We have found that the technology i mainly used during the information gathering stage and the evaluation stage of the buyers decision making process, according to our respondents. From this we have been able to identify two seperate user types: Searcher-Stig and Evaluation-Ulla (Sökar-Stig och Utvärderar-Ulla). These two user types describe how older consumers mainly use technology in the buyers decision making process.

  • 303.
    Almlöf, Linnea
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Jalonen, Matilda
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    En episk kombo av teater och spel: Underhållning och immersion i spel utformade efter episka teaterprinciper2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Some scientists claim that there's a connection between entertainment and immersion. The epic theatre wanted to distance the audience but at the same time encourage them to reflect and be entertained. The study intended to examine how entertaining and immersive the participants experienced a game designed after epic theatre principles. After playing such a game, the participants either answered a questionnaire or took part in an interview. In general, they experienced high or mid-high immersion and entertainment. However, there were large differences between different individuals. The experience might have been affected by an interest in the theme or similar games. Immersion and entertainment share some components that seem to make the concepts difficult to separate in practice. There's a value in further research to understand immersion, entertainment and reflection better, and also how these affect each other. This might lead to more critical thinking and knowledge amongst the population. 

  • 304.
    Almquist, Cecilia
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Svensson, Sara
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Långvarig ogiltig frånvaro i gymnasieskolan: Hur upplever gymnasieelever med långvarig ogiltig frånvaro sin skolsituation2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The occurrence of school absenteeism in Sweden is high among high school students. School absenteeism is a complex phenomenon with several causes and can lead to non-approved grades, unemployment, alienation and mental health issues.

    Purpose: The purpose is to describe how high school students with long-term invalid absence experience their school situation.

    Method: A qualitative method was used and the result was analyzed according to meaning analysis. Five informants participated in the study.

    Result: The study resulted in four meaning subjects which described the informants’ experiences: To experience victimization and injustice, to experience familiar and everyday relationship problems, to experience inadequate school adaption and to experience the needs of school improvements/changes.

    Conclusion: The study showed how important it is to adapt school to every unique student, both in an educational way and when it comes to efforts which make the student more involved and respected. School needs to address issues which involve the idea that no student should be exposed to bullying, victimization or harassments. The cause of the school absenteeism is in most cases related to the school activities. Students in this study experience that school has many areas which could be subject to improvements to avoid situations leading to chronic, invalid absenteeism. They don’t associate school with something positive and motivational, but something with a negative impact on their health.

  • 305.
    Almqvist, Gustaf
    et al.
    University of Stockholm, Stockholm Sweden.
    Andersen, Michael
    Danish Fishermen’s Association, Fredericia, Denmark.
    Willestofte Berg, Casper
    DTU Aqua – National Institute of Aquatic Resources Section for Fisheries Advice, Charlottenlund, Denmark.
    Broadgate, Wendy
    The Fisheries Secretariat (FISH), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bryan, Meaghan
    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Southeast Fisheries Science Center, Miami, United States.
    Campana, Steven
    Fisheries and Oceans Canada Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Dartmouth, Canada.
    Cardinale, Max
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Institute of Marine Research, Lysekil, Sweden.
    Casini, Michele
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Institute of Marine Research, Lysekil, Sweden.
    Dierking, Jan
    Leibniz-Institut für Meereswissenschaften, Kiel, Germany.
    von Dorrien, Christian
    Thünen Institute Baltic Sea Fisheries, Rostock, Germany.
    Eero, Margit
    DTU Aqua – National Institute of Aquatic Resources, Charlottenlund, Denmark.
    Efimov, Yuri
    Russian Federal Research Institute of Fisheries & Oceanography (VNIRO), Moscow, Russian Federation.
    Gasyukov, Pavel
    AtlantNIRO, Kaliningrad, Russian Federation.
    Hemmer-Hansen, Jakob
    DTU Aqua – National Institute of Aquatic Resources Department of Inland Fisheries, Silkeborg, Denmark.
    Hjelm, Joakim
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Institute of Marine Research, Lysekil, Sweden.
    Holmgren, Noél
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience. University of Skövde, The Systems Biology Research Centre.
    Horbowy, Jan
    National Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Gdynia, Poland.
    Hüssy, Karin
    DTU Aqua – National Institute of Aquatic Resources, Charlottenlund, Denmark.
    Johansson, Reine
    Baltic Sea Advisory Council, Dyrön, Sweden.
    Jonusas, Stanislovas
    DGMare, Brussels, Belgium.
    Kornelius, George
    Institute of Food Safety, Animal Health and Environment (BIOR) 8 Daugavgrivas Str. Fish Resources Research Department, Riga, Latvia.
    Köster, Fritz
    DTU Aqua – National Institute of Aquatic Resources Section for Fisheries Advice, Charlottenlund, Denmark.
    Kraak, Sarah
    Thünen Institute, Braunschweig, Germany.
    Krumme, Uwe
    Thünen Institute Baltic Sea Fisheries, Rostock, Germany.
    Large, Scott
    International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Larsson, Staffan
    Swedish Cod Fishermen’s Producer Organisation, Lycke, Sweden.
    Luzenczyk, Anna
    National Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Gdynia, Poland.
    Lövgren, Johan
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Institute of Marine Research, Lysekil, Sweden.
    Maguire, Jean-Jacques
    Godefroy, Quebec, Canada.
    Mosegaard, Henrik
    DTU Aqua – National Institute of Aquatic Resources, Charlottenlund, Denmark.
    Nielsen, Anders
    DTU Aqua – National Institute of Aquatic Resources, Charlottenlund, Denmark.
    Norrström, Niclas
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience. University of Skövde, The Systems Biology Research Centre.
    Oeberst, Rainer
    Thünen Institute Baltic Sea Fisheries, Rostock, Germany.
    Stepputtis, Daniel
    Thünen Institute Baltic Sea Fisheries, Rostock, Germany.
    Stern, Edward
    The Fisheries Secretariat (FISH), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Storr-Paulsen, Marie
    DTU Aqua – National Institute of Aquatic Resources Section for Fisheries Advice, Charlottenlund, Denmark.
    Strehlow, Harry Vincent
    Thünen Institute Baltic Sea Fisheries, Rostock, Germany.
    Svedäng, Henrik
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Institute of Marine Research, Lysekil, Sweden.
    Trenkel, Verena
    Ifremer Nantes Centre, Nantes, France.
    Wæver Pedersen, Martin
    DTU Aqua – National Institute of Aquatic Resources Section for Fisheries Advice, Charlottenlund, Denmark.
    Zimmermann, Christopher
    Thünen Institute Baltic Sea Fisheries, Rostock, Germany.
    Report of the Benchmark Workshop on Baltic Cod Stocks (WKBALTCOD)2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The ICES Benchmark Workshop on Baltic Cod Stocks (WKBALTCOD), chaired by External Chair Jean-Jacques Maguire, Canada and ICES Chair Marie Storr-Paulsen, Denmark, and attended by two invited external experts Verena Trenkel, France and Meaghan Bryan, USA met in Rostock, Germany, 2–6 March 2015 with 39 participants and six countries represented. The objective of WKBALTCOD was to evaluate the appropriateness of data and methods to determine stock status and investigate meth-ods appropriate to use in the single-stock assessment for the cod stock in SD 22–24 and cod in SD 25–32 in the Baltic. Participants in the workshop were a large group with diverse backgrounds representing the industry, fisheries, NGOs, managers and scientists.The single-stock analytic assessment of the eastern Baltic stock was not accepted by the assessment working group (WGBFAS) in 2014 due to severe problems with the input data. The advice for the eastern Baltic cod was, therefore, based on the ICES approach for data-limited stocks. As an outcome ICES decided to establish a bench-mark for both cod stocks and to scope an integrated assessment for the Baltic cod stocks. The first meeting (WKSIBCA) was therefore meant to introduce the interces-sional work conducted since the assessment working group in April 2014, and to reach some conclusions on how to proceed both in the short term (Benchmark in March 2015) and longer term (2–3 years) and was seen as a data compilation work-shop, there is produced a separate report from this workshop. The WKBALTCOD was the 2nd meeting in the benchmark process and was intended to come up with a final stock assessment method, stock annex and input data for both stocks. As it was not possible to reach conclusive decision on the final model to be used for the east Baltic cod stock during the benchmark meeting and as more work on the preferable models was needed, it was decided by the ACOM leadership to prolong the bench-mark process until the assessment working group meeting in April 2015. This deci-sion has led to a relatively long process partly mixed with the assessment working group WGBFAS.It became clear during the benchmark process that although large effort has been put into explaining the underlying processes leading to the changes in the Baltic ecosys-tem, there is still some lack of understanding of the present situation in the eastern Baltic cod stock. Therefore, it was not possible to reach firm conclusions on the final model to be used and therefore not possible to set reference points. It was decided to continue to explore the most promising models and to continue to improve the input data until the assessment working group started in April.The main challenges still to be solved for the Eastern Baltic cod stock is the quantifi-cation of increased natural mortality and decrease in growth. Through several presentations during the workshop (both WKSIBCA and WKBALTCOD) it became clear that natural mortality very likely has increased in later years, due to decreased condition and increased parasite infection. A decrease in growth also seems plausible duo to a decrease in condition and/or selectivity-induced mortality of the largest in-dividuals. However, as none of these parameters are easily estimated, especially with the severe ageing problems, different model assumptions made the output very shaky.For the western Baltic cod, stock identification issues were examined in area SD 24, the intermediate area: based on otolith characteristics and genetics. Due to the results showing a large proportion of east cod in this area, it was decided to split the catch2 | ICES WKBALTCOD REPORT 2015and survey from SD 24 into either the western or eastern Baltic cod stock. It was pos-sible to derive proportions of eastern and western cod in SD 24 back to the mid-1990s.For the western Baltic cod stock a modelled survey indices was included in the as-sessment covering the western part of SD 24 and Area 22+23 and based on a smoothed ALK.Both cod stocks have in the past used commercial tuning fleet to have a better cov-ered of older age groups. It was decided to abound this time-series duo quality issues such as a limited coverage and problems with technical creeping.WKBALTCOD was not able to explore and define reference points for the Western Baltic cod stock during the meeting due to time constraints, but these were calculated and decided by correspondence after the meeting. The recent protocols on estimation procedures developed by WKMSYREF3 for stocks with a full analytical assessment and for data-limited stocks served as objective guidelines to obtain reference point estimates.

  • 306.
    Almqvist, Josefin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Sundelius, Emma
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Modular Locking System to RBS Cabinet2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Radio base stations contain equipment which enables the use of cell phones all around the world. ERICSSON is developing these stations and everything connected to the area, such as electronics, software and hardware. In a new project ERICSSON plans to make their hardware modular, to satisfy all their customers around the world even if their preferences differ. The task that was given to us was to develop a modular locking system to the radio base station cabinets.The concept was developed in an integrated working process that focused on a user centered final product. The process included the definition of the problem, preliminary studies of areas which are connected to the problem and a summary of the demands that the customers mediated in a list of requirements. The idea generation generated lots of ideas that later on were developed into different concepts. The concepts were evaluated before the final decision was made together with ERICSSON.The final product is a lifting handle connected to a rod and latch system, which already existed. A new mechanical function was created to make the new handle function with the old system. The locking system is modular and it is possible to choose which way to lock the handle, with a cylinder lock or a padlock. Only one module, the cylinder in the middle, needs to be switched to get the other solution. The other parts are the same; this makes the product modular. The lift handle is an entire new design, developed in the project.

  • 307.
    Almqvist, Maria
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Castillo, Joselyne
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskans sätt att bedöma postoperativ smärta: En litteraturöversikt2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Postoperative pain is still a major problem that is difficult to identify. The extent of uncontrolled pain in patients has not improved noticeably over the last decades. Nurses tend to underestimate the patients pain. The aim of this study was to examine factors influencing nurses’ assessment of postoperative pain. To obtain the aim a literature review was chosen. Search of literature was carried out in the databases: Academic Search Elite, CINAHL, SweMed +. Six articles were analysed according to a five-step- method. The result of the selected articles showed seven factors influencing how nurses assess postoperative pain: communication, experiences and attitudes, nurses knowledge, information and preparation, to interpreting pain, obstacles in pain assessment and following-up the pain assessment. Despite extensive research in this subject, there is a need for the research to continue. It would be favourable to increase the pain education for nurses.

  • 308.
    Almqvist, Maria
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Danielsson, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Förebyggande arbete mot mobbning: Lärares erfarenhet av styrkor och svagheter i arbetet med metoderna Friends och Mombus2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how six teachers, who work in two different schools, assess the methods Friends and Mombus in terms of bullying prevention. The Curriculum for elementary school (Lpo 94) emphasizes that it is the employees of schools who carry the main responsibility for preventing bullying among pupils. One of the main results of this study is that teachers, in addition to their work with Friends or Mombus, also need to use alternative methods to prevent bullying. Examples of these alternative methods include “Emotional Intelligence” as well as “friendship massage”. The result section also stresses the importance of anti-bullying teams when it comes to preventing harassments. At present there are no studies which have evaluated the results the Friends and Mombus methods have achieved. Since the methods are used in many schools in Sweden, the lack of evaluations is noteworthy. This study ends with a discussion on the complexity of bullying prevention. Further research is needed to clarify the results of different anti- bullying methods.

  • 309.
    Almqvist, Olof
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    A comparative study between algorithms for time series forecasting on customer prediction: An investigation into the performance of ARIMA, RNN, LSTM, TCN and HMM2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Time series prediction is one of the main areas of statistics and machine learning. In 2018 the two new algorithms higher order hidden Markov model and temporal convolutional network were proposed and emerged as challengers to the more traditional recurrent neural network and long-short term memory network as well as the autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA).

    In this study most major algorithms together with recent innovations for time series forecasting is trained and evaluated on two datasets from the theme park industry with the aim of predicting future number of visitors. To develop models, Python libraries Keras and Statsmodels were used.

    Results from this thesis show that the neural network models are slightly better than ARIMA and the hidden Markov model, and that the temporal convolutional network do not perform significantly better than the recurrent or long-short term memory networks although having the lowest prediction error on one of the datasets. Interestingly, the Markov model performed worse than all neural network models even when using no independent variables.

  • 310.
    Almsand, Jessica
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Duell, Sara
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    ”Hinner jag få ett nytt hjärta i tid?”: - Unga kvinnors bloggar kring upplevelser av att vänta på en hjärttransplantation2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The number of performed heart transplants in Sweden is increasing and is now about fifty transplants per year. The primary reason for a heart transplant is severe heart failure. To suffer from heart failure as young is rare and trying. If heart transplantation becomes necessary the patient is placed on a waiting list where the median waiting time is three months. Previous research shows that nurses have an important role in the patient's experience during this time. Aim: The study aims to analyze and describe the experiences of young women facing a heart transplant.  Method: Qualitative content analysis is used as analytical method. Data consists of five blogs published on the Internet. Results: Young women waiting for a heart transplant experience physical limitations in daily life. Relatives, professionals and the environment are important to provide support and act as motivation in the situation. The uncertain waiting is incused by anxiety and fear of their own death. The waiting means that young women will have a new outlook on life. Conclusion: The lifeworld of young women drastically changed awaiting heart transplantation and it´s important for the nurse to recognize this change and frame the care thereafter.

  • 311.
    Almstedt, Ando
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Pettersson, Karolin
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    HIV/AIDS-Patienters upplevelser av stigmatisering och diskriminering från vårdpersonal: - En litteraturöversikt2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: HIV/AIDS (Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) is an epidemic disease, with the highest prevalence in the less developed countries. Earlier studies show that healthcare providers have a negative attitude towards this patient group. The cause of this is believed to be due to ignorance and fear. AIM: The aim of this study was to describe patients with HIV/AIDS and their experiences of stigmatization and discrimination by healthcare providers. METHOD: A literature review, based on an analysis of ten scientific articles is used to answer the aim of the study. RESULT: Two main themes emerge; preconception and contempt and support and the healthcare provider/patient relationship. The result of this studie shows that patients experience contempt from the healthcare providers both verbally and nonverbally. Patients value highly the development of trust in the healthcare provider and feel that this is essential for a good relationship. A good relationship should include respect, understanding, cooperation and honesty. CONCLUSION: The authors draw the conclusion that healthcare providers are fearful of the patients with HIV and also have poor knowledge about the disease. This problem can be solved by a better knowledge and information. If nothing is done to prevent the stigmatization and discrimination against HIV/AIDS-patients the risk of significant health problems will increase.

  • 312.
    Almåsen, Patrik
    University of Skövde, Department of Computer Science.
    Elektronisk handel: med fokusering på värdekedjan1999Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    På bara ett par år har elektronisk handel potential att radikalt förändra de ekonomiska och sociala förhållanden i samhället. Internets snabba tillväxt kopplar samman individer och organisationer till ett stort globalt nätverk som representerar enorma möjligheter. Det talas om ett nätverkssamhälle och en nätverksekonomi.

    Elektronisk handel driver företag mot att bedriva affärer på ett fundamentalt nytt sätt. Behovet av att dela information i realtid ökar tillsammans med förändringarna i värdekedjan.

    Syftet med studien är att kartlägga elektronisk handel i allmänhet. Studien fokuseras på hur elektronisk handel används för att länka samman företag, stora som små, från råmaterial till konsumenten. Arbetet belyser hinder och krav i samband med elektronisk handel och det sätt de hanteras på.

    Företagen i undersökningen visar ingen tydlig strävan mot att uppnå en totalt integrerad värdekedja. Grundliga affärsprocesser flyttas mot Internet för att utnyttja nätverkets fördelar. Främst används EDI och online-tjänster som Internetbutiker för elektronisk handel.

  • 313.
    Almér, Alexander
    et al.
    Göteborgs Universitet, Institutionen för tillämpad informationsteknologi.
    Lowe, RobertUniversity of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre. Göteborgs universitet.Billing, ErikUniversity of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Proceedings of the 2016 Swecog conference2016Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
  • 314.
    Alnelind, Gunilla
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Handledarens roll i arbetsplatsförlagt lärande2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 315.
    Alonso García, María
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Serrano Gallego, Sara
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Push toy: Development of a toy with movement devices associated to the wheels2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is s Bachelor Degree Project report based on the design of a push toy in collaboration with Playsam. The new design consists of a wooden spacecraft.

    The toy can be described as a safe toy appropriated for kids within a range of ages between 1 and 3 years old.  The attractive design of the toy will help the children to increase their imagination. It is a dynamic product that, firstly, seems not to be more than a spacecraft with two wheels that needs another foothold to keep staying up. On the other hand, when the kids take it, they will observe that the product can be displaced by the wheels, and they will find an attractive rotational motion that combines two complementary colours.

    The requirements stated by the company were achieved:

    -       Firstly, the toy must move one of its parts being it connected to the wheels. The product has two main parts. One of them will rotate regarding to the other one when the child drags it thanks to a designed gear system.

    -       Secondly, the toy would be made of wood as well as all the company products. The elected wood was beech wood, getting a similar appearance to the Playsam products aesthetic.

    -       The last requisite of the company was to make the toy easy to handle and manipulate. The anthropometric study organized by the design team guarantees it.  The mediums of the data were considered to build the toy.  It was considered that children less than 18 months will take it by the holes and not the surface.

    The design team bore the European directive 88/378/EEC for Safety of Toys in mind. It was essential to guarantee the safety of the child.

  • 316.
    Alonso Lavén, Anna
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Sandberg, Kristin
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Ungdomars upplevelse av sex- och samlevnadsundervisning i skolan2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Sexuality education in school reaches out to all adolescents. Good knowledge about sex and relationship issues will strengthen their self-esteem and promote sexual health.

     

    Aim: The aim was to describe adolescents experiences of sexuality education in school.

     

    Method: The study was conducted with a qualitative approach. It is based on interviews with adolescents between 16-19 years old and the material was analyzed by using a qualitative meaning analysis.

     

    Results: The analysis revealed three categories: To experience a comfortable or uncomfortable teaching, the experience of getting needs and expectations satisfied, to experience the topic based on their own level of maturity.

     

    Conclusion:  Adolescents experiences of sexuality education varied depending on the person who was teaching and its approach to the subject. The educator's own feelings about the topic could lead to a sense of embarrassment, insecurity, or inspire greater interest and enjoyment of the subject. The expectations and needs were not satisfied, adolescents missed discussions about feelings, more detailed information about different sexual activities and more detailed information about the opposite sex. Adolescents would prefer to ask questions and show concerns about the subject towards professionals with secrecy, rather than talk openly in front of their classmates.

  • 317.
    Alonso, Nieves
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Fernandez, Endika
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Car Door Opening Geometry for Enhance Entry/Exit2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 318.
    Alowersson, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Betydelsen av fysisk aktivitet i egenvården vid diabetes mellitus: En intervjustudie2010Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Diabetes involves a change in life and requires the individual to understand what actions are required, since self-care is an essential part of the treatment. Physical activity is a kind of self-care and it’s important that the individual finds the motivation. The aim of this study is to clarify how people with diabetes experience physical activity in everyday life.

    A qualitiative method was used and data were collected through interviews with people whom have had diabetes for between 3-48 years. They talked about their experiences related to physical activity. The interviews were recorded on a mobile telephone, transcribed and made a manifest content analysis in which the main categories and associated subcategories were created.

    The results indicated that physical activity increased well-being and lead to a continuing urge to exercise. Develop routines that work in everyday life was a prerequisite for the respondents’ well-being and also increased the ability to control blood sugar. Difficulties with motivation could appear when respondents didn’t experience any positive effects from exercising. Physical activity could also lead to a very low blood sugar at night, which was perceived as very unpleasant. The importance of preparation emerged as the most important factor associated with physical activity.

  • 319.
    Alpsten, Daniel
    University of Skövde, Department of Computer Science.
    Säkerhetsrevision av informationssystem: Vilka aspekter bör beaktas?2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Information och data har i en allt större utsträckning blivit en resurs som organisationer är beroende av och grundar sin verksamhet på. Precis som andra värdefulla resurser så måste också denna skyddas mot obehörigas åtkomst. Detta examensarbete handlar om systemförvaltning och arbetet med att revidera säkerheten i ett datorsystem. Eftersom denna typ av revision är en väsentlig del av arbetet med att upprätthålla säkerheten i ett system, är det följaktligen viktigt att känna till hur en säkerhetsrevision genomförs. I resultatet presenteras ett antal olika aspekter och delområden som bör granskas vid en revision av säkerheten hos datorer i ett datorsystem. Resultatet visar även att det är svårt att finna någon enskild modell eller standard som täcker samtliga aspekter som bör undersökas vid en säkerhetsrevision

  • 320.
    Alpsten, Elisabet
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Ljungberg, Hanna
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Förskollärares uppfattningar av musiksamlingens roll i förskolan: En fenomenografisk studie2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 321.
    Alsen, Felicia
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Rening med UV-ljus: Utvärdering av Aquatron drickvatten2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 322.
    Altaf, Saadia
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Cospormac, Ghenadie
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Demutualization of stock exchanges: A case study : London Stock Exchange and Hong Kong Stock Exchange2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this study is to evaluate the impact of corporate ownership structure on the overall performance of stock exchanges. This study distinguishes in particular mutual versus demutualized ownership. London Stock Exchange and Hong Kong Stock Exchange are chosen as study cases, because London Stock Exchange is one of the world leading stock exchanges and Hong Kong Stock Exchange is definitely one of the most important emerging market stock exchanges. That is why the results obtained by comparing these two stock exchanges could serve as good indicator in understanding the effects of demutualization process on the whole stock exchange sector and retain the subtle differences in micro-behavior of the stock exchanges undergone the same transformation.

    In this paper the simple descriptive statistics is used as the method of analysis, in association to a profound review of the literature in this area. The data illuminate the fact that demutualized stock exchanges hold a stronger operating performance and a better performance in term of shareholder’s return than mutual exchanges. The result is generally in line with the basic theories in the area of corporate governance and empirical studies in this specific area like Aggarwal (2006), Mendiola and O’Hara (2003) and Hart and Moore (1996).

  • 323.
    Altersved, Ewa
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Zetterlund, Lone
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Lindblad, Ulf
    Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Dept Publ Hlth & Community Med Primary Hlth Care, Gothenburg, Sweden / Skaraborg Inst, Skovde, Sweden.
    Fagerstrom, Lisbeth
    Buskerud Univ Coll, Dept Hlth Sci, N-3045 Drammen, Norway.
    Advanced practice nurses: A new resource for Swedish primary health-care teams2011In: International Journal of Nursing Practice, ISSN 1322-7114, E-ISSN 1440-172X, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 174-180Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Advanced practice nurses: A new resource for Swedish primary health-care teams This study is associated with the first evaluation of the four first advanced practice nurses (APNs), part of a primary health-care team in Sweden. The aim is to describe health-care teams' experiences of the new APN role and investigate what opportunities and barriers to the role exist. Eighty-one respondents answered a 14-question questionnaire with a Likert scale and one open-ended question. The Kruskal-Wallis test was used to investigate differences between professional groups' answers. The qualitative material was analysed using deductive content analysis. Though mostly positive experiences of the role were found, differences did exist between the professional groups. APNs are considered a resource in that access to care, cooperation and patient flow increased. Barriers include APNs' limited autonomy and inability to prescribe medication. To further develop the role, the right to prescribe medication and strategic leadership within the Swedish health-care system, policy and legislation are needed.

  • 324.
    Alvarado, Nathalie
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Pontèn, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Upplevelsen av den första tiden som nyutexaminerad sjuksköterska: - En intervjustudie2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 325.
    Alvarez Diaz, Maria Guadalupe
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Experiencing Play with Digital Heritage through Mobile AR Technology2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present work is based on the research and design of a mobile AR experiment performed in the context of the emerging interdisciplinary fields of digital heritage and experience design. In an attempt to find a method to support the justification and discovery of elements that can influence the user towards the fulfilment of an objective in a heritage experience, my experimental research reveals that a combination of play moments including elements of embodiment and sensuousness in mobile AR are most suitable to convey a story. Determining suitable gameplay and game mechanics requires an appropriate setting and context for a user’s encounter with digital heritage. My research outlines a design methodology to reveal how the aesthetics of mobile AR technology can be designed to support critical user experiences through play and discovery.

  • 326.
    Alvarez Díaz, María Guadalupe
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Toftedahl, Marcus
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Svensson, Torbjörn
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    The Mystery of Elin: Incorporating a City Cultural Program on History and Heritage into a Pervasive Game2014In: IE2014 Proceedings of the 2014 Conference on Interactive Entertainment / [ed] Karen Blackmore, Keith Nesbitt, Shamus P. Smith, ACM Digital Library, 2014, p. 1-10Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on the use of mobile terminals in historical spaces to play an adventure game, using a location-based platform to awaken the fantasy and curiosity of children about cultural heritage; the design of a mystery game as the medium to convey content along with features shared by pervasive games, such as mobile exploration, team work, and the combination of virtual and real worlds. It includes the process of adapting history to storytelling and the results of using a method to evaluate the experience.

  • 327.
    Alvarez Díaz, María Guadalupe
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Wilhelmsson, Ulf
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Lebram, Mikael
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Toftedahl, Marcus
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Your Answer Will Make an Impression: Using Quiz Game Mechanics for the Collection of Visitor Data in a Museum2015In: VS-Games 2015: 7th International Conference on Games and Virtual Worlds for Serious Applications / [ed] Per Backlund, Skövde: IEEE Computer Society, 2015, p. 1-4Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the initial results from a project that aimed to collect visitor data at a traveling exhibition starting at the Regional Museum in Kristianstad, Sweden during 2014-2016. The project was intended also to contribute to the creation of an atmosphere “About time”, which was the subject of the exhibit. We built a system that was integrated as an interactable part of the exhibition by using elements of quiz game mechanics in combination with elements of data based tracking applications and elements of visual art installations. The data provides statistics which are used to visualize the current status of the visitors’ attitude toward specific questions about time, imprinting the visitors themselves an integral part of the exhibition. Visitors build a visual Game Ego when answering questions and at the same time provided statistical data that can be monitored and extracted from the system. The results show that we succeeded to some degree but more can be done towards incorporating game design elements to engage the user, such as feedback and challenge.

  • 328.
    Alvarez Svahn, Rodrigo
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience.
    The hippocampal dependence of long-term declarative memory2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Investigations into the neural correlates of memory have found the hippocampus to be a crucial structure for long-term declarative memories, but the exact nature of this contribution remains under debate. This paper covers three theories concerned with how the hippocampus is involved in long-term memory, namely the Standard Consolidation Model, the Multiple-Trace Theory, and the Distributed Reinstatement Theory. According to the Standard Consolidation Model, long-term declarative memories (both episodic and semantic) are dependent on the hippocampus for a limited time during which the memories undergo a process of consolidation, after which they become dependent on the neocortex. In contrast, the Multiple-Trace Theory argues that detailed and context-specific episodic (but not semantic) memories remain dependent on the hippocampus indefinitely. While both the aforementioned theories posit that memories are initially dependent on the hippocampus, the Distributed Reinstatement Theory does not. Advocates of this theory propose that several memory systems compete for the encoding of a memory, and that the hippocampus usually is the dominant system. However, it is also suggested that the other (unspecified) memory systems can overcome the hippocampal dominance through extensive and distributed learning sessions. In this paper, findings from both human and rodent studies focusing on the hippocampus are reviewed and used to evaluate the claims made by each theory on a systems level.

  • 329.
    Alvarsson, Oskar
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Lindbäck, Joacim
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Kampanjers effekter på köpprocessen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research question: What effects does sales promotion have on the five different stages in consumers buying process? How does sales promotion effects differ on the five different stages in consumers buying process depending on consumers age, gender, income and degree of purchase involvement?

    Purpose: The purpose of the study is to investigate what different effects sales promotion have on the five stages of consumers buying process. We aimed to investigate what effects sales promotion have on the fives stages of consumers buying process on basis of consumers gender, age, income and the degree of purchase involvement. The study aims to provide insights to retailers about the impact of sales promotion on the different types of consumers, which enables them to gain a deeper understanding of how they can work with sales promotion against their respective target groups. Furthermore, the study intends to contribute to the marketing subject by creating an increased understanding of how consumer behavior can change as a result of sales promotion.

    Method: In the study a qualitative method were used in form of four focus groups whereas the groups were divided into gender, age and income. We adopted a deductive approach were we could from the theoretical framework formulate expected results and then test it against reality in the focus groups.

    Conclusion: Our study shows that sales promotion have different grades of impact on the five stages in the buying process where need recognition and post-purchase evalutation did not were affected to a large extent by sales promotion. It is in the stages information search, evaluation of alternatives and the purchase that sales promotion have the biggest impact. Demographic factors and the extent of purchase involvement have an impact on the effects of sales promotion in most cases.

  • 330.
    Alvehus, Johan
    et al.
    Lund University, Department of Service Management and Service Studies, Sweden.
    Andersson, Thomas
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    A New Professional Landscape: Entangled Institutional Logics in Two Swedish Welfare Professions2018In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 91-109Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has made three parallel but incompatible observations on the contemporary development of welfare professions: loss of professional autonomy, hybridization, and maintained autonomy.  Yet,  research  providing  contextual  understanding  of  the  simultaneous  occurrence  of  these three observations is lacking. The aim of this theoretical paper is to identify and explain seemingly  contradictory  coexisting  features  of  modern  welfare  professions  through  a  compre-hensive reading of current literature on the health care and teaching professions in Sweden. The literature  has  demonstrated  entangled  institutional  logics,  in  which  simultaneous  but  differing  effects occur, thereby developing a new professional landscape.

  • 331.
    Alvehus, Johan
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Andersson, Thomas
    University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future. University of Skövde, School of Business.
    STYRNING OCH PROFESSIONELLT INFLYTANDE I OFFENTLIGA ORGANISATIONER2017Report (Other academic)
  • 332.
    Alvenfors, Adam
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    INTRODUKTION – INTEGRATION?: Om introduktionsprogrammets betydelse för integration av nyanställda2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to provide understanding of how induction training could integrate new employees in an organization.

    The analysis showed, among other things, that new employees need to develop (1) theoretical and (2) practical skills towards the performance of the new job, but also satisfy needs of (3) interaction that exist among the new employees.

  • 333.
    Alverbratt, Per
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Wiezell, Johan
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Reflektionen i skyltfönstret: En kvalitativ studie om hur unga vuxna påverkas av ett konsumistiskt samhälle2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie utfördes med syftet att skapa en socialpsykologisk förståelse utifrån ett symboliskt interaktionistiskt perspektiv för hur ett konsumistiskt samhälle påverkar åtta unga vuxnas identitet. Studien vilar på en socialkonstruktionistisk grund och vänder sig till läsare inom den symboliskt interaktionistiska diskursen. Den metod som användes var kvalitativa intervjuer. Respondenterna var emellan 19 – 25 år. För att skapa förståelse i respondenternas utsagor användes främst George Herbert Meads (1976) symboliskt interaktionistiska teori om jaget och Zygmunt Baumans (2007) teorier om konsumtionssamhället. Respondenterna i studien upplever att konsumtionssamhället påverkar deras attityder, emotioner, livsstil och identitet. Studiens huvudsakliga slutsats är den att ett konsumistiskt samhälle utför en repressiv påverkan gentemot de unga vuxnas identitetsutveckling. De unga vuxna erbjuds att ge uttryck för sina jag i ett konsumistiskt samhälle som inte uppmuntrar dess medlemmar att reflektera över utförda konsumtionshandlingar.

  • 334.
    Alves Fernandes, Carina
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Single-page applikation vs Multi-page applikation: En jämförelse av svarstider2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur presterar Single-page applikation och Multi-page applikation beroende på datamängden webbsidan består av?  Hur påverkas svarstiderna beroende om det är en MPA- eller en SPA-baserad webbsida. Dessa frågor är de som ligger i fokus för detta arbete. Empiriska mätningar tillämpades för att besvara de frågor. En webbsida skapades för skönhetssalongen Red Carpet i Skövde. Två olika versioner av webbsidan utvecklades, en SPA-baserad och en MPA-baserad. Skillnaden mellan de båda versionerna är enbart att ena är utvecklad som en SPA och den ena är utvecklad som en MPA.Därefter lades en varierande datamängd i form av bilder till på sidorna för att se hur datamängden påverkar webbapplikationernas svarstider. 

  • 335.
    Alves, Thiago
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Exploring Underrepresented Narratives: Social Anxiety in Games2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research focuses on pushing forward the understanding of mental disorders portrayals in games, more specifically social anxiety, which still lies as a marginalized topic in this medium. In order to understand honest manifestations of social anxiety in games, the first step is to conduct a close reading of games made by people who suffer from this mental disorder. A collection of five indie games, all of autobiographical nature and featuring social anxiety as an important part of their text, was put together for this analysis. This was done embracing the need to address the representational complexity, in order to tap into such a nuanced and elusive topic as social anxiety, not to identify rights or wrongs, but to engage in a discussion of how experiences are represented in games by people directly affected by this mental disorder. Individual experiences also contribute to expand interpretations and to identify additional keys of social anxiety representation. This is done by reaching informants, people living with a comorbid mental illnesses or disorders, that face or had faced social anxiety, and assess their perspectives through an experiential workshop. This work intends to further explore the practice of game design as mediator of experiences, contributing to both deepen the knowledge of game design and explore nuances of individual experiences present in autobiographical games and how this relates to perspectives of other people living with social anxiety. By combining the games and informants perspectives it is possible to structure a debate about game design patterns based on the findings of the game analysis and further elaborated with the nuanced perceptions gathered from informants. The knowledge acquired through this work is a step towards understanding of how games can represent, in an honest and non-stereotypical way, mental disorders, starting with social anxiety and, hopefully, contribute to spark other studies to broaden the spectrum of how the complexity of adverse mental conditions can be more respectfully addressed in games.

  • 336.
    Alvin, Pleil
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Evaluation and assessment of a generic computerized patient record system utilized by physical therapists in a primary care setting2004Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Within the field of medical informatics, patient medical records are the sole source of information for dealing with clinical activities concerning the documentation, care, progression, and ongoing interactions between the patient and clinicians. Electronic or computer-based patient records (CPRs) have had a presence within health care in some form and magnitude for the past thirty years yet only recently have been incorporated in health care to a larger extent. Due to the wide variation of professions in health care, there is a problem of CPRs not being able to fulfill all the possibilities and demands the individual professionals need, since many CPRs are designed as a generic system, to be used across multiple professions.

    The focus of this report is on the utilization of a generic CPR in a specialist clinical setting, i.e., a physical therapy clinic, and to analyze how the therapists utilize the different components and features in a generic CPR. The purpose of the evaluation was to investigate how viable the CPR was as a documentation tool and to which extent it supported the therapists in their clinical, documentation and delivery of care activities. In this study, a total of seven physical therapists participated in a post-usage evaluation of an existing CPR. The evaluation was achieved by interpretative research with open-ended interviews and observations. The results of the study showed that despite some shortcomings, the generic CPR was an effective tool for the clinicians, not only as a documenting aid, but also enabling them to quickly research the patients' prior diagnosis and treatment history, plan for future care, support decision-making and to communicate with other professionals so as to coordinate treatment and planning.

  • 337.
    Alvvinter, Angelica
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Gustafsson, Ida
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    ”Mitt KUB grumlade hela graviditeten”: Kvinnors upplevelser relaterat till genomfört KUB2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The demand on prenatal diagnosis increases among expecting parents. CUB is the most common method for the matter but doesn’t provide any diagnosis. CUB only calculates the probability of a fetus with trisomy 13, 18 or 21. Women aren’t always aware of this. Hence, careful preparations and information are necessary. This study was performed to enhance knowledge in women’s experiences in relation to have undergone CUB. Aim: To describe women’s experiences related to having undergone CUB. Method: A qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach was used. Internet was used for data collection. This collection resulted in 10 threads from bulletin board Familjeliv.se and 12 blogs which became the base for data analysis. Result: The analysis resulted in one theme: CUB is seen as an opportunity to confirm the pregnancy but leads to mixed feelings which the midwives need to support in a trustful way. Anxiety and fear are the most common emotions mentioned among women who have undergone CUB. Women felt that midwives didn’t always provide enough information or the requested information. The encounters with midwives during CUB were described as stressful and even unpleasant. Conclusion: CUB is seen as an early way to confirm the pregnancy. To reduce the anxiety, midwives need to give individualised information. Anxiety tends to obscure the pregnancy and remain a long time.

  • 338.
    Amal, Al-Otaibi
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. amal.se@hotmail.com.
    Faktorer som kan påverka psykisk hälsa hos flyktingar: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The number of refugees has increased in recent years in Europe and mainly in countries such as Germany, Sweden and Norway. Sweden received 54605 refugees in 2016 and 2017. It also has been reported that refugees flying in to European countries have an increased symptoms of psychological disease. Purpose: The purpose of the literature study is to demonstrate different factors that are important in a migration process in western countries.There may be a connection with refugees who flee to and live in European countries that they may run an increased risk of psychological disease. Method: To obtain an overall picture of various factors for psychological symptoms in adult refugees living in western countries based on a literature review. Results: The result identifies four factors for psychological disease mental illness among refugees who move to Western countries. It can be deduced that factors such as trauma experiences, social capital and access to hospital care, language and culture have an influence on the individual's psychological attitude.

  • 339.
    Amandusson, Daniel
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Perceptionen av ljud i en stadsmiljö: Kan det påverka uppfattningen av instruktioner?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta arbete handlar om ifall perceptionen av ljud i stadsmiljöer kan påverka uppfattningen av instruktioner och minne. I den litterära bakgrunden presenteras vad ett ljud är, vad skillnaden är mellan Hi-fi och Lo-fi ljudlandskap samt en generell överblick om vad noise är och hur människans minne fungerar. Frågeställningen som undersöktes var om perceptionen av olika ljud i en stadsmiljö kan påverka uppfattningen av instruktioner. För att kunna svara på frågeställningen skapades tre olika ljudsekvenser, där två av sekvenserna innehåller ljuden som kan påverka instruktionerna och en är kontrollsekvensen för att se om instruktionerna är lätta att följa. Den urvalsgrupp som deltog fick lyssna och utföra olika instruktioner samt svara på kvalitativa frågor. Detta användes sedan för nå en slutsats. Vid ett framtida arbete och fördjupning av undersökningen kan det leda till att information och ljud i spel inte går förlorade i mängden av andra ljud, perspektivet av dem finns kvar.

  • 340.
    Amarante Teixeira de Freitas, Carina
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Jarlsson, Ylva
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Utveckling av stol för café och lunchrum2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 points / 22,5 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a dissertation for a Bachelor Degree Project at the University of Skövde. The project is carried out in cooperation with the company Kinnarps AB.

    The objective of this project was to develop a new chair for café and lunch rooms, which should satisfy the markets expectations and demands and match Kinnarps AB’s assortment today. The project has contained everything from identification of user and customer needs and requirements to evaluation and building of a prototype.

    The result is a chair with a frame of tubular steel and there is nothing like it in Kinnarps AB’s assortment today. The chair has a frame of tubular steel and separate seat and backrest, just like the chairs Jig and Tango as it is intended to replace. The chair’s extraordinary characteristics are that the shape of the backrest enables a good grip and the motion which encourages variation in sitting postures. The motion is new for this kind of chair both in Kinnarps AB’s assortment as well as on the market.

    The product development process is an iterative process which can be described with the activities: identification of customer requirements, product design specification, initiation of concept solutions, evaluation, embodiment design and detail design. Knowledge about the customer requirements and needs is fundamental to a successful product. The result of the market research showed that the new chair should be a comfortable and inviting chair which is lightweight and simple with a timeless design and organic shape. It also came to our knowledge that it is very important that the chair is stackable, possible to hang on a table and linkable.

    Different researchers’ literatures have been studied and an analysis has been made in SAMMIE to ensure that the chair has good ergonomics. This is a very important quality but often an unspoken requirement that is taken for granted.

    The result was carefully evaluated during and after the building of the prototype. Kinnarps AB will also make further analysis and quality tests.

    This project has hopefully resulted in a chair with good quality and a potential to participate in the competition on the market.

  • 341.
    Ambring, Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Gameplay Progression: Om skapandet av en jämn progression av spelmoment till dataspelet Testament2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här arbetets slutgiltiga uppgift har varit att skapa ett första utkast till enövergripande plan för en jämn fördelning av spelmoment för spelet Testament, ett spel som utvecklas för Svenska Kyrkan med syfte att användas inom konfirmandundervisning. Med spelmoment menas exempelvis story, miljö, utrustning och liknande.

    Arbetet ger inledningsvis en kort översikt över hur leveldesignen inom dataspel har utvecklats och går därefter in på det mer specifika området gameplay progression, utvecklat av Mike Lopez, som ger en översyn över vad som krävs för att skapa ett spel med en jämn fördelning av spelmoment.Därefter används denna metod för att analysera det redan befintliga spelet The Legend of Zelda: Twilight Princess, för att testa Lopez metod, innan arbetet med att skapa en egen plan tar vid.

    Resultatet av uppsatsen har nått målet med en övergripande plan för en jämnfördelning av spelmoment för spelet Testament, en plan som dock kommer att behöva ses över och omarbetas under det att utvecklingen av det faktiska spelet tar vid, men som ger en bra överblick över vilka delar som fungerar väl och vilka som kan behöva extra arbete i den stundande utvecklingen.

  • 342.
    Ambring, Erik
    et al.
    Immersive Learning Gothia Science Park, Kaplansgatan 18, 54134 Skövde, Sweden.
    Dahlin, Carl-Johan
    Immersive Learning Gothia Science Park, Kaplansgatan 18, 54134 Skövde, Sweden.
    Sjöstrand, Erik
    Immersive Learning Gothia Science Park, Kaplansgatan 18, 54134 Skövde, Sweden.
    Håkansson, Peter
    Tidaholms församling, Church of Sweden, Box 93, Norra kungsv. 6, 52222 Tidaholm, Sweden.
    Engström, Henrik
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Developing the Game Testament: Multiple Perspectives in Serious Game Development2010In: Proceedings of the IADIS International Conference on Game and Entertainment Technologies: Freiburg, Germany 26-30 July 2010 / [ed] Katherine Blashki, IADIS Press, 2010, p. 35-44Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents the process of creating the game Testament; an action role-playing game for PC which uses the Old Testament as its setting. The game is primarily designed for confirmation education in the Church of Sweden, with the purpose to create interest in the Old Testament. In this paper we describe our experiences with the process of creating a game  where  the  work  has  been  guided  by  three,  in  some  cases,  contradictory  goals:  the  educational  value,  the  source authenticity and the gaming entertainment.  Our  conclusion  is  that  clear  requirements  for  the  entertainment  must  be  created  as  a  counterweight  to  the  practical aspects' requirements, e.g. education and authenticity. To create requirements  for game experience, it can be useful to identify a game genre and find a game that can serve as a template. One consequence of the fact that a specific goal for entertainment and a very clear requirement on content existed was that a number of fundamental contradictions could be identified  (e.g.  narrative,  game  mechanics,  adaptation).  When  these  inconsistencies  were  encountered,  a  suitable approach could be chosen in order to reach a compromise. If an existing game used as a reference wasn't available, it is likely that the entertainment would have suffered for the benefit of the educational aspects and biblical authenticity.

  • 343.
    Amenabar, Leire
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science.
    Carreras, Leire
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science.
    Augmented Reality Framework for Supporting and Monitoring Operators during Maintenance Operations in Industrial Environments2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In an ever-changing and demanding world where short assembly and innovation times are indispensable, it is of paramount importance to ensure that the machinery used throughout the whole process of a product are in their best possible condition. This guarantees that the performance of each machine will be optimal, and hence, the process times will be the shortest possible, while the best quality products are obtained. Moreover, having a machine in an impeccable status permits making the necessary changes to it, in order to fulfil the requirements that a more advanced or complex product may have. Maintenance operations and their corresponding trainings have historically been time-consuming, and a vast amount of information has been transmitted from an expert to a newer operator. This means that there has been the need of working with experienced operators to secure that a good service is provided. However, different technologies like augmented reality (AR) have been shown to have a positive impact in the support and monitoring of operators in industrial maintenance operations.The present project gathers information in regard to the framework of AR, with the aim of supporting and monitoring operators in industrial environments. The proposed method consists on the development of an artefact, which would lead to a possible improvement of the already existing solutions. It is believed that the development of an AR application could grant the necessary aid to any operator in maintenance operations. The result of this suggestion is an AR application which superimposes visual information on the physical equipment.

  • 344.
    Amorim, Joni A.
    et al.
    University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Hendrix, Maurice
    Coventry University Technology Park, Coventry, UK.
    Andler, Sten F.
    University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Llinas, James
    State University of New York at Buffalo, USA.
    Gustavsson, Per M.
    Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Ledningsvetenskapliga avdelningen (LVA).
    Brodin, Martin
    Actea Consulting, Sweden.
    Cyber Security Training Perspectives2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Building comprehensive cyber security strategies to protect people, infrastructure and assets demands research on methods and practices to reduce risks. Once the methods and practices are identified, there is a need to develop training for the manystakeholders involved, from security experts to the end user. In thispaper, we discuss new approaches for training, which includes the development of serious games for training on cyber security. The identification of the theoretical framework to be used for situation and threat assessment receives special consideration.

  • 345.
    Amorim, Joni A.
    et al.
    University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Yano, Edgar T.
    Department of Computer Science, Instituto Tecnologico de Aeronautica, São José dos Campos, Brazil.
    Åhlfeldt, Rose-Mharie
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Andler, Sten F.
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Gustavsson, Per M.
    Combitech, SAAB Group, Skövde.
    Awareness and training: Identification of relevant security skills and competencies2014In: Engineering Education in a Technology-Dependent World: Book of Abstracts / [ed] Claudio da Rocha Brito, Melany M. Ciampi, Guimarães: INTERTECH , 2014, , p. 57p. 37-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to identify needed skills and competencies for privacy and security, we propose a systematic process that maps privacy and security threats to related controls that are required to prevent, detect or remove such threats. This work suggests how to apply the process, while discussing how games and simulations can be used both to develop the desired behavior and to monitor the current competency level.

  • 346.
    Amorim, Joni A.
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Åhlfeldt, Rose-Mharie
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre. Saab Training Systems, Saab AB, Skövde, Sweden.
    Gustavsson, Per M.
    Saab Training Systems, Saab AB Skövde, Sweden.
    Andler, Sten F.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Privacy and Security in Cyberspace: Training Perspectives on the Personal Data Ecosystem2013In: European Intelligence and Security Informatics Conference (EISIC), Proceedings CD / [ed] Joel Brynielsson and Fredrik Johansson, IEEE conference proceedings, 2013, p. 139-142, article id 6657140Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a growing understanding that privacy is an essential component of security. In order to decrease the probability of having data breaches, the design of information systems,  processes  and  architectures  should  incorporate considerations  related  to  both  privacy  and  security.  This incorporation may benefit from the offering of appropriate training. In this way, this paper intends to discuss how to better offer training while considering new developments that involve both multimedia production and the “gamification” of training. The paper suggests the use in conjunction of two frameworks: the EduPMO Framework, useful for the management of large scale projects  that  may  involve  a  consortium  of  organizations developing multimedia for the offering of training, and the Game Development Framework, useful for the identification of the main components of the serious game for training on privacy by design to be developed as part of the training offering.

  • 347.
    Amouzgar, Kaveh
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Metamodel Based Multi-Objective Optimization with Finite-Element Applications2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    As a result of the increase in accessibility of computational resources and the increase of computer power during the last two decades, designers are able to create computer models to simulate the behavior of complex products. To address global competitiveness, companies are forced to optimize the design of their products and production processes. Optimizing the design and production very often need several runs of computationally expensive simulation models. Therefore, integrating metamodels, as an efficient and sufficiently accurate approximate of the simulation model, with optimization algorithms is necessary. Furthermore, in most of engineering problems, more than one objective function has to be optimized, leading to multi-objective optimization(MOO). However, the urge to employ metamodels in MOO, i.e., metamodel based MOO (MB-MOO), is more substantial.Radial basis functions (RBF) is one of the most popular metamodeling methods. In this thesis, a new approach to constructing RBF with the bias to beset a priori by using the normal equation is proposed. The performance of the suggested approach is compared to the classic RBF and four other well-known metamodeling methods, in terms of accuracy, efficiency and, most importantly, suitability for integration with MOO evolutionary algorithms. It has been found that the proposed approach is accurate in most of the test functions, and it was the fastest compared to other methods. Additionally, the new approach is the most suitable method for MB-MOO, when integrated with evolutionary algorithms. The proposed approach is integrated with the strength Pareto evolutionary algorithm (SPEA2) and applied to two real-world engineering problems: MB-MOO of the disk brake system of a heavy truck, and the metal cutting process in a turning operation. Thereafter, the Pareto-optimal fronts are obtained and the results are presented. The MB-MOO in both case studies has been found to be an efficient and effective method. To validate the results of the latter MB-MOO case study, a framework for automated finite element (FE) simulation based MOO (SB-MOO) of machining processes is developed and presented by applying it to the same metal cutting process in a turning operation. It has been proved that the framework is effective in achieving the MOO of machining processes based on actual FE simulations.

  • 348.
    Amouzgar, Kaveh
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Bandaru, Sunith
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Andersson, Tobias J.
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Ng, Amos H. C.
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    A framework for simulation based multi-objective optimization and knowledge discovery of machining process2018In: The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, ISSN 0268-3768, E-ISSN 1433-3015, Vol. 98, no 9-12, p. 2469-2486Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 349.
    Amouzgar, Kaveh
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Bandaru, Sunith
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Andersson, Tobias J.
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Ng, Amos H. C.
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Metamodel based multi-objective optimization of a turning process by using finite element simulation2019In: ACM Transactions on Software Engineering and Methodology, ISSN 1049-331X, E-ISSN 1557-7392Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the advantages and potentials of the metamodelbased multi-objective optimization (MOO) of a turning operation through the application of finite element simulations and evolutionary algorithms to a metal cutting process. The objectives are minimizing the interface temperature and tool wear depth obtained from FE simulations using DEFORM2D software, and maximizing the material removal rate. Tool geometry and process parameters are considered as the input variables. Seven metamodelling methods are employed and evaluated, based on accuracy and suitability. Radial basis functions with a priori bias and Kriging are chosen to model tool–chip interface temperature and tool wear depth, respectively. The non-dominated solutions are found using the strength Pareto evolutionary algorithm SPEA2 and compared with the non-dominated front obtained from pure simulation-based MOO. The metamodel-based MOO method is not only advantageous in terms of reducing the computational time by 70%, but is also able to discover 31 new non-dominated solutions over simulation-based MOO.

  • 350.
    Amouzgar, Kaveh
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Bandaru, Sunith
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Andersson, Tobias
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Ng, Amos H. C.
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Metamodel based multi-objective optimization of a turning process by using finite element simulation2019In: Engineering optimization (Print), ISSN 0305-215X, E-ISSN 1029-0273Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the advantages and potentials of the metamodelbased multi-objective optimization (MOO) of a turning operation through the application of finite element simulations and evolutionary algorithms to a metal cutting process. The objectives are minimizing the interface temperature and tool wear depth obtained from FE simulations using DEFORM2D software, and maximizing the material removal rate. Tool geometry and process parameters are considered as the input variables. Seven metamodelling methods are employed and evaluated, based on accuracy and suitability. Radial basis functions with a priori bias and Kriging are chosen to model tool–chip interface temperature and tool wear depth, respectively. The non-dominated solutions are found using the strength Pareto evolutionary algorithm SPEA2 and compared with the non-dominated front obtained from pure simulation-based MOO. The metamodel-based MOO method is not only advantageous in terms of reducing the computational time by 70%, but is also able to discover 31 new non-dominated solutions over simulation-based MOO.

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