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  • 251.
    Hilletofth, Per
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Virtuella system. Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Jäger, Kerstin
    Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Virtuella system. Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    The role of logistics service providers in the implementation of a differentiated supply chain2011Ingår i: International Journal of Shipping and Transport Logistics, ISSN 1756-6517, E-ISSN 1756-6525, Vol. 3, nr 2, s. 151-167Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This research investigates the role of logistics service providers in the implementation of a differentiated supply chain. The issue is examined through a multiple case study combined with a literature review. The research shows that logistics service providers can support companies with the implementation of a differentiated supply chain in sourcing and distribution parts by providing services that the company is incapable to provide, by providing certain services more efficiently or by providing complementing services. In some situations, the logistics service provider is even responsible for the entire implementation and should continuously develop the logistics process and customised service according to the company’s market situation. Eurasian transportation flows are nowadays an important part of most supply chains and needs to be considered in this differentiation work. Logistics service providers operating in these flows can support the differentiation by providing more customised and differentiated transportation services and there is a demand for more transportation alternatives in these flows.

  • 252.
    Eriksson, Nomie
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Tigerekonomi i gungning2011Ingår i: Mot svårare tider: om vikten av politiskt ledarskap och ekonomistyrning / [ed] Viveka Nilsson, Göteborg: Kommunforskning i Västsverige (KFi) , 2011, s. 35-39Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 253.
    Wickelgren, Mikael
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Varumärket Volvo2011Ingår i: Volvo i våra hjärtan - hur skall det gå?: En närdiskussion om "nationalklenoden" Volvo / [ed] Sten Jönsson & Mikael Wickelgren, Malmö: Liber, 2011, s. 86-114Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 254.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Visionen om det samhällsnyttiga företaget2011Ingår i: Volvo i våra hjärtan - hur skall det gå?: En närdiskussion om "nationalklenoden" Volvo / [ed] Sten Jönsson & Mikael Wickelgren, Malmö: Liber, 2011, 1, s. 63-85Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 255.
    Andersén, Jim
    Swedish Business School at Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    A critical examination of the EO-performance relationship2010Ingår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, ISSN 1355-2554, E-ISSN 1758-6534, Vol. 16, nr 4, s. 309-328Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose of this study is to critically analyze the assertion that there is a statistical significant relationship between EO and performance. Design In several publications it has been stated that there is a positive relationship between entrepreneurial orientation (EO) and the performance of a firm. These studies have generally used the same core references, and these seminal contributions are examined critically in this article. The EO-performance relationship is also analyzed in an empirical study, consisting of 172 Swedish SMEs in the manufacturing sector. Findings The result of the literature review is that the notion of a positive EO-performance relationship can be questioned. Earlier studies have neglected some important issues, mainly regarding the use of perceptual performance data, common method biases and survival biases. Some of the conclusions presented are supported by the empirical study. Originality/value The main point of this paper is to show that the relationship between EO and performance is more complicated than previous studies have implied. More care should be taken when generalizing the results of core references and scholars ought to have a more cautious approach when stating that there is a general correlation between EO and performance.

  • 256.
    Hilletofth, Per
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Virtuella system. Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Ujvari, Sandor
    Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Virtuella system. Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Lättilä, Lauri
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Kouvola, Finland.
    Hilmola, Olli-Pekka
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Kouvola, Finland.
    Agent-based decision support for maintenance service provider2010Ingår i: International Journal of Services Sciences, ISSN 1753-1446, Vol. 3, nr 2/3, s. 194-215Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Operations performed by a maintenance service provider (MSP) can include the entire maintenance function or select activities; these need to be well-balanced in terms of utilisation rate of own resources, maintenance cost incurred and the uptime of the customers’ production systems. MSPs face challenges due to the task of planning several non-associated plants and with a frequent lack of reliable information. In this research work, an agent-based decision support system of service-related maintenance has been developed. Research shows that this approach can improve the understanding of the problem domain and also generate a basis for decision-making and structural changes.

  • 257.
    Abraha, Desalegn
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Command Economy as Failed Model of Development Lessons Not Yet Learned: The Case of Eritrea2010Ingår i: Journal of Management Policy and Practice, ISSN 1913-8067, Vol. 11, nr 5, s. 49-68Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to identify which economic model is applied in Eritrea. The government claims to follow the market economy model(s), however, the actual practice seems to be different and casts doubts on the government's commitment to market economy. Against this background, the author has examined Eritrea's economic development model. Confirming to his doubts, the author found out that the government is applying a militarist command economy model, however, in an improperly planned, poorly coordinated and extremely mismanaged approach, with its serious negative impacts on the economic, social, cultural, diplomatic and political conditions in the country.

  • 258.
    Eriksson, Nomie
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Ekonomicheferna får ökad betydelse för kommunens ekonomiska ställning och utveckling2010Ingår i: Nästan som det brukar vara: kommunal utveckling under ansträngda förhållanden / [ed] Brorström, Björn & Nilsson, Viveka, Göteborg: Kommunforskning i Västsverige (KFi) , 2010, s. 43-46Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 259.
    Abraha Gebrekidan, Desalegn
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Establishment processes in a one party economy: the case of Eritrea2010Ingår i: African Journal of Economic and Management Studies, ISSN 2040-0705, E-ISSN 2040-0713, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 91-111Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to address the issues of how business people perceive the business environment, how government policies impact the environment and how the environment impacts the establishment processes and position development of new firms in the Eritrean market. The process is discussed by keeping a strict focus on the main actors and the activities they carried out, as well as how the available resources are utilized and exchanged in the market.

    Design/methodology/approach – Drawing on the establishment process model developed from the network approach, case studies based on interviews and focus group discussions have been used to shed light on the extent to how government policies and the environment impacts the establishment processes and position development in the Eritrean market.

    Findings – An important conclusion of this paper is that the main obstacle for business establishment is the hostile attitude of the government to the private sector. Another significant obstacle for building a successful position in the market is the state-owned command economy network of relationships. An additional crucial hindrance is the non-existence of a market economy network of relationships that can provide firms in the private sector with the resources they need to perform their operations.

    Research limitations/implications – All firms in this paper have demonstrated that the main obstacle for establishment is the hostile attitude of the government to the private sector. Another obstacle is the state-owned command economy network of relationships, which hinders firms from building a successful position in the market. An additional crucial hindrance is the non-existence of a market economy network of relationships that can provide firms in the private sector with the resources they need to perform their operations. Since the paper is based on case studies and focus group discussions, conducting a similar study on a representative sample of firms selected from a larger population will be very useful.

    Originality/value – This paper makes a unique contribution by focusing on the establishment process in a market, which is regulated, controlled and owned by the one party government. The other unique contribution is that a firm has to identify the secrets of business success and to follow the same strategy.

  • 260.
    Hilmola, Olli-Pekka
    et al.
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Kouvola Research Unit, Prikaatintie 9, FIN-45100 Kouvola, Finland.
    Ujvari, Sandor
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Torkkeli, Marko
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Kouvola Research Unit, Prikaatintie 9, FIN-45100 Kouvola, Finland.
    Lorentz, Harri
    Turku School of Economics and Business Administration, Rehtorinpellonkatu 3, FIN-20500 Turku, Finland.
    Andersson, Thomas
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    From Northern Europe to Russia and Asia, and vice versa: traffic flow analysis – current situation and development trends2010Ingår i: International Journal of Logistics Systems and Management, ISSN 1742-7967, E-ISSN 1742-7975, Vol. 6, nr 2, s. 205-217Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 261.
    Durst, Susanne
    University of Liechtenstein, Principality of Liechtenstein.
    Intangible assets and company succession: Are there any differences between buy-in and buy-out initiatives?2010Ingår i: Identifying, Measuring, and Valuing Knowledge-Based Intangible Assets: New Perspectives, IGI Global, 2010, s. 64-85Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A successful company succession depends on a multitude of different aspects. In the case of external succession, certainly, the available funds represent a critical factor. Nevertheless, it can be argued that the decision to acquire a company is based on other factors as well. This chapter rests upon the hypothesis that a potential external successor will be only interested in those companies offering promising prospects. Thus, it is expected that the decision to takeover a company is rooted in the target firm's inherent intangible assets which justify a financial investment in return. Data are collected through interviews with eight external successors from Germany who pursued buy-in respectively buy-out initiatives in small and medium-sized enterprises. The study's findings highlight those intangible assets that are regarded as critical in the external succession process. This helps us to obtain a more complete picture about the issue of company succession. © 2011, IGI Global.

  • 262.
    Söderström, Eva
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Informationsteknologi.
    Aggestam, Lena
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Informationsteknologi.
    Holgersson, Jesper
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Informationsteknologi.
    Knowledge capture in e-service development: A prosperous marriage?2010Ingår i: International Journal of Systems and Service-Oriented Engineering, ISSN 1947-3052, E-ISSN 1947-3060, Vol. 1, nr 2, s. 25-39Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 263.
    Abraha, Desalegn
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Leadership Crises and Nation Building in a Politically Turbulent Environment: The Case of the so Called Peoples Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ) Central Office in Eritrea2010Ingår i: Journal of Leadership, Accountability and Ethics, ISSN 1913-8059, Vol. 8, nr 1, s. 108-123Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to examine the social dimension of the nation building process in Eritrea. A qualitative case-study method which is composed of primary and secondary data is applied to conduct the research. The main findings show that (i) the social dimension of the nation building process was a complete failure, (ii) the main reason for the failure is the inappropriateness of the leadership to lead the  task properly and (iii) a directive, visionary, participative and interactive leader that possesses, quality, legitimacy, justice, care, competence and character, i.e. honesty, integrity, trustworthiness and principle-centeredness is a leader that can accomplish the task successfully.

  • 264.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Medarbetarskap på 60 minuter2010Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 265.
    Andersén, Jim
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Resource-based competitiveness: managerial implications of the resource-based view2010Ingår i: Strategic Direction, ISSN 0258-0543, E-ISSN 1758-8588, Vol. 26, nr 5, s. 3-5Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose:                           

    The purpose of this article is to identify and discuss the practical implications of the resource based-view of the firm.

    Methodology:                   

    Review of relevant literature.

    Findings:                           

    A number of recommendations are put forward and the practical implications constitute the main findings of this study.

    Practical implications:     

    The implications can be summarized by these recommendations: Diversify based on capabilities and not on the markets you are currently serving, focus on creating value together with your customers based on your resources instead of offering a set of products, integrate HRM practices with strategic management processes. The complexity of imitating resources is also discussed.

    Originality:                      

    Few publications have set out to develop implications of the resource-based view from a CEO’s point of view. This paper provides an easy-to-access review and summary of some of the main implications of the resource-based view.

  • 266.
    Andersson, Thomas
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle. Gothenburg Research Institute, School of Technology and Society, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Struggles of managerial being and becoming: Experiences from managers' personal development training2010Ingår i: Journal of Management Development, ISSN 0262-1711, E-ISSN 1758-7492, Vol. 29, nr 2, s. 167-176Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the struggles of managerial identity in relation to the process of becoming/being a manager, and the personal conflicts involved within this process.

    Design/methodology/approach – In a qualitative, longitudinal project, five managers were studied for two years using interviews and observations. This was undertaken before, during, and after their participation in personal development training. In total, 62 interviews and eight half-day observations were conducted.

    Findings – The study puts emphasis on the role of management training in providing templates for “how to be a manager”, but it also illustrates the double-edged and complex role played by context in managerial being and becoming. On the one hand context shapes managerial identity; on the other hand, context might operate to dilute the identity an individual manager wishes to assume.

    Research limitations/implications – The study focuses on only five managers in two organizations. This small sample limits the generalisabilty of the research.

    Practical implications – Management training tends to be based on the idea that management concerns the acquisition of competencies, techniques and personal awareness, while managerial practice is more fluid and contextually based. There is a challenge for organizers of all types of management training to bridge the gap between a fixed idea of what it is to be a manager and how management is actually practised.

    Originality/value  – The longitudinal and in-depth qualitative approach facilitates an important contribution to understanding issues in developing a managerial identity.

  • 267.
    Aggestam, Lena
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Informationsteknologi.
    Backlund, Per
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Informationsteknologi.
    Persson, Anne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Informationsteknologi.
    Supporting Knowledge Evaluation to Increase Quality in Electronic Knowledge Repositories2010Ingår i: International Journal of Knowledge Management, ISSN 1548-0666, E-ISSN 1548-0658, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 23-43Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Knowledge forms an important asset in modern organizations. In order to gain and sustain competitive advantage knowledge has to be managed. One aspect of this is to use Electronic Knowledge Repositories (EKR) to enhance knowledge sharing, reuse and learning. The success of an EKR is dependent on the quality of its content. For knowledge to be stored in an EKR, it has to be captured. One crucial part of the capture process is to evaluate whether the identified knowledge should be incorporated in the EKR or not. Therefore, to increase quality in an EKR, the evaluation stage of the capture process must be successfully carried out. Based on an interpretive field study and an extensive literature review, this paper identifies and characterizes Critical Success Factors (CSF) in the evaluation stage and presents guidance aiming to support implementation of the evaluation stage with the purpose to increase the quality of an EKR. In particular, the guidance supports the decision whether identified knowledge should be stored or not and it highlights the importance of performing evaluation addressing correctness, relevance, protection and redundancy. The characterization of the capture process contributes mainly to KM theory, and the guidance to KM practice.

  • 268.
    Hilletofth, Per
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Virtuella system. Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Hilmola, Olli-Pekka
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Kouvola, Finland.
    Ujvari, Sandor
    Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Virtuella system. Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Teaching ERP in logistics curriculum: a case experience from Sweden2010Ingår i: International Journal of Business Information Systems, ISSN 1746-0972, E-ISSN 1746-0980, Vol. 6, nr 3, s. 295-314Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of ERP systems in business is commonplace and often a requirement for rapid and efficient operations. The presence of ERP in higher education can be seen as a prerequisite for students to achieve necessary skills and knowledge, but how can the education be achieved in a better way? In this research, the use of ERP systems as a part of two courses of the logistics curriculum in higher education at a Swedish University are presented and analysed. The traditional approach of teaching logistics, where computer sessions are incorporated in ordinary courses, is being compared to a new intensive and flexible course format dedicated entirely to ERP education with a stronger focus on problem-oriented learning. The results show that both approaches offer opportunities, the traditional approach allows students to receive both theoretical and practical knowledge and skills, while the intensive approach provides them with significant practical knowledge and skills. This research results leaves us arguing that the best combination is to utilise both approaches to establish the needed basis for curriculum.

  • 269.
    Andersén, Jim
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    The Competitiveness of Chinese SMEs2010Ingår i: Business, Finance and Economics of China / [ed] Lian Guo, Fai Zong, New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2010, s. 129-141Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 270.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Ohlsson, Claes
    Göteborg University.
    The Framing of Corporate Social Responsibility and the Globalization of National Business Systems: A Longitudinal Case Study2010Ingår i: Journal of Business Ethics, ISSN 0167-4544, E-ISSN 1573-0697, Vol. 93, nr 4, s. 653-669Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The globalization movement in recent decades has meant rapid growth in trade, financial transactions, and cross-country ownership of economic assets. In this article, we examine how the globalization of national business systems has influenced the framing of corporate social responsibility (CSR). This is done using text analysis of CEO letters appearing in the annual reports of 15 major corporations in Sweden during a period of transformational change. The results show that the discourse about CSR in the annual reports has changed from a national and communitarian view of social responsibility (cf. a negotiated view of CSR) toward an international and individualistic view of social responsibility (cf. a self-regulating view of CSR). The article contributes theoretically (1) by adding a national-global dimension to previous conceptualizations of CSR and (2) by showing that the rise of CSR discourse and activities in the last 10 years does not have to imply an increased commitment and interest in corporate responsibility per se, only that there are increased societal expectations that corporations should develop the capability to act more independently as moral agents.

  • 271.
    Durst, Susanne
    et al.
    University of Liechtenstein, Vaduz, Principality of Liechtenstein.
    Guldenberg, Stefan
    University of Liechtenstein, Vaduz, Principality of Liechtenstein.
    The influence of intangible assets on external succession decisions in small and medium-sized enterprises2010Ingår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Venturing, ISSN 1742-5360, E-ISSN 1742-5379, Vol. 1, nr 4, s. 367-381Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    External company succession provides an alternative route into entrepreneurship. However, due to a strong focus on new ventures, this form of succession would appear to be less in the public eye. This article endeavours to contribute to changing this situation. In doing so, it explores the meaning of intangible assets in company succession from an external successor perspective. Despite the fact that intangibles are supposedly the key drivers of business performance, the connection between intangibles and external company succession in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) has so far been neglected. Our research draws on a quantitative web survey of German trade associations and qualitative interviews with external SME successors. Our findings suggest that intangible assets have a notable influence on the decision of an external successor to take over a company. This research offers new insights into company succession, specifically with regard to the selection process for potential external successors.

  • 272.
    Eriksson, Nomie
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Tillämpningen av kvalitetsstyrning och processtyrning ökar2010Ingår i: Nästan som det brukar vara: kommunal utveckling under ansträngda förhållanden / [ed] Brorström, Björn & Nilsson, Viveka, Göteborg: Kommunforskning i Västsverige (KFi) , 2010, s. 32-34Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 273.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Vad gör en chef?2010Ingår i: Företagsekonomins frågor / [ed] Nils Brunsson, Stockholm: SNS förlag, 2010, 1, s. 146-152Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 274.
    Hedström, Karin
    et al.
    Örebro University.
    Jäger, Kerstin
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Krasnizi, Hanife
    Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Informationsteknologi. Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information.
    Linderoth, Henrik
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Nohlberg, Marcus
    Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Informationsteknologi. Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information.
    Persson, Anne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för informationsteknologi. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Informationsteknologi.
    Åhlfeldt, Rose-Mharie
    Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Informationsteknologi. Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information.
    Vårdens framtida informationssystem - Vision i form av en demonstrator: Slutrapport.2010Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 275.
    Durst, Susanne
    et al.
    Institute of Entrepreneurship, University of Liechtenstein, Vaduz, Liechtenstein.
    Gueldenberg, Stefan
    Institute of Entrepreneurship, University of Liechtenstein, Vaduz, Liechtenstein.
    What makes SMEs attractive to external successors?2010Ingår i: Vine: The Journal of Information and Knowledge Management Systems, ISSN 0305-5728, E-ISSN 1474-1032, Vol. 40, nr 2, s. 108-135Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Taking company succession as an alternative means of embarking on an entrepreneurial activity, the aim of this study is to explore those intangible assets that are regarded as attractive from the viewpoints of external successors. Thereby, the focal point is on the preparation stage in which promising companies are identified and scrutinised. Design/methodology/approach: The strategy of research behind this paper is the application of a mixed methods approach that is divided into an internet-mediated questionnaire and a series of in depth interviews (given priority). Findings: The findings suggest that intangible assets have a notable influence on the intention of an external successor to take over a company. This would suggest that the traditional issues considered with regard to company succession, such as tax, legal and financial aspects, should be extended to include intangible aspects. The findings are summarized by proposing a framework for the role of intangibles in external succession, thereby highlighting critical intangibles as perceived by external successors. Research limitations/implications: This explorative study is by no means exhaustive; however it is regarded as a valuable fundament for further research activities associated with the role of intangible assets in terms of company succession, particularly external succession. Practical implications: The framework appears to be a valuable tool for understanding the importance of intangibles in external company succession in general and particularly their influence on external successors' business acquisition intentions. The findings are particularly considered as helpful for incumbent-owners who plan to sell off their companies. Originality/value: The study's findings can be viewed as a new perspective on company succession as it highlights the intangible assets that make a company attractive to external successors. Given the increasing number of small to medium-sized enterprises waiting to be transferred to new owners, these findings are highly important as they provide a more holistic view of the dynamics of company succession (and external succession in particular). © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

  • 276.
    Wickelgren, Mikael
    Centrum för konsumtionsvetenskap, Handelshögskolan vid Göteborgs universitet.
    Bilen, lågkonjunkturen och morgondagens möjligheter2009Ingår i: Konsumtionsrapporten 2009, Göteborg: Centrum för konsumtionsvetenskap, Handelshögskolan vid Göteborgs universitet , 2009, s. 24-26Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 277.
    Abraha Gebrekidan, Desalegn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Hyder, Akmal S.
    Department of Business studies, University of Gävle, Sweden.
    From industrial networks to strategic alliances or vice-versa2009Ingår i: International Journal of Business and Emerging Markets, ISSN 1753-6219, E-ISSN 1753-6227, Vol. 1, nr 4, s. 361-386Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is: to highlight the impact of industrial networks on strategic alliances; to determine if alliances help firms to build up new or strengthen existing networks; to find out whether alliances succeed or precede networks. Our findings show that well-developed networks have a positive impact on how alliances function and the results that they can achieve. The other finding is that alliances defend and strengthen networks, and also enable firms to build new ones or penetrate those of their alliance partner(s). The final conclusion is that it is difficult to determine if alliances succeed or precede networks.

  • 278.
    Jäger, Kerstin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Virtuella system. Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Ujvari, Sandor
    Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Virtuella system. Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    From standard 3PL provider to service developer: a case study from the Swedish furniture industry2009Ingår i: World Review of Intermodal Transportation Research (WRITR), ISSN 1749-4729, E-ISSN 1749-4737, Vol. 2, nr 4, s. 376-390Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The strong competition between companies has resulted in an increased outsourcing of activities that are not considered core activities. This has created an emerging business opportunity in logistics, attracting several new actors and companies to enter the market and fill the demand for new services. These actors represent several types of providers who are often called Third-Party Logistics (3PL) providers. The purpose of this study is to investigate the environment of a 3PL provider that also develops services. The focus is particularly on how the provider has evolved and identifying the key issues on how to be successful in the 3PL industry. The primary research strategy is a descriptive embedded single case study. The findings reveal that the case company has evolved from being a standard 3PL provider to a service developer, since it, in addition to traditional services, nowadays also provides more value-added services. These services involve a set of more standardised activities that can be combined according to each customer's wishes and requirements. The findings also reveal that the main requirements to be a successful service developer are a clear customer understanding and focus, value-added and customised services and reliable deliveries (both in terms of time and a low percentage of damaged goods), as well as the utilisation of Information and Communications Technology (ICT).

  • 279.
    Olsson, Michael
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Matching in the labour market: modelling spatial aspects of the Swedish unemployment benefit rules2009Ingår i: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 43, nr 2, s. 345-363Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, some consequences of the Swedish unemployment benefit rules are studied. This is achieved by introducing geographical mobility into a labour market matching model. Jobseekers and vacancies are unevenly distributed across space. Therefore, both the probability that a jobseeker will find a job and the probability that a vacancy is filled during a period vary across locations. Moreover, these differences are followed by spatial differences in both the duration of unemployment and vacancy times. It is shown that the potential of geographical mobility to increase the number of matches is limited in a labour market with few or many vacancies per jobseeker. In these labour markets, mobility mostly affects which jobseekers find a job during a period. In a relatively better balanced labour market, the number of matches could be increased by additional mobility.

  • 280.
    Andersson, Thomas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Medledarskap: Ledarskap som kollektiv initiativförmåga2009Ingår i: Ledarskapsboken / [ed] Sten Jönsson, Lars Strannegård, Malmö: Liber, 2009, 1:1, s. 249-272Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 281.
    Samuelsson, Joachim
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Nya ägares påverkan på det förvärvade företagets redovisning: Ett entreprenöriellt perspektiv2009Licentiatavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 282.
    Eriksson, Nomie
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Politiker och tjänstemäns betydelse för kommunerna i den finansiella krisens spår2009Ingår i: Krisen som kom av sig? - om att hantera sämre tider / [ed] Nilsson, Viveka, Göteborg: Kommunforskning i Västsverige (KFi) , 2009, 1, s. 50-54Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 283.
    Liff, Roy
    et al.
    Gothenburg Research Institute (GRI).
    Andersson, Thomas
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Professioners roll i styrning av offentlig verksamhet: Lös koppling som strategi för att hantera komplexitet2009Ingår i: Offentlig sektor och komplexitet: Om hantering av mål, strategier och professioner / [ed] Petra Adolfsson, Rolf Solli, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2009, 1, s. 251-269Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 284.
    Hernant, Mikael
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Profitability Performance of Supermarkets: The effects of scale of operation, local market conditions, and conduct on the economic performance of supermarkets2009Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Ever since introduced and rolled out on the market during the 1950's and 1960's the supermarket format of grocery retail stores has played an important role in the grocery retail sector in Sweden, as well as in other countries. Although the sector in Sweden has evolved into a sector harbouring various store formats, the supermarket remains the major one - about half of the total volume of sales currently goes through supermarkets. Issues referring to the economic performance of supermarkets, and its antecedents, are thus of interest not only to retailers, but also to consumers as well as to society, overall.

    This study contributes to previous research by explicitly addressing bottom-line performance of supermarkets, and by bridging different fields of research. With the structure-conduct-performance (SCP) paradigm as theoretical underpinning, a cross-sectional design is developed for the study, comprising the economic performance of 168 supermarkets. By pooling data from various sources a unique database is developed, providing prerequisites for a comprehensive investigation into the effects of scale of operation, local market conditions, and supermarket conduct on various aspects of supermarket performance, all the way to bottom-line profitability performance.

    The results show that profitability performance of supermarkets is a consequence of a complex network of relationships between various aspects of economic performance, scale of operation, local market conditions and supermarket conduct. The profit margin, i.e. the span between gross margin and operating costs%, turns out as the major determinant of profitability performance. The profit margin, in turn, is found related to productivity, which in turn is found related to the volume of sales. Scale of operation and local market conditions are found working themselves into profitability performance, via conduct and various aspects of economic performance. However, neither scale nor favorable local market conditions turns out as the determinant of high rather than low profitability performance. Among the most as well as among least profitable, there are small and large supermarkets, facing local markets of favorable as well as unfavorable conditions. Rather, the dividing line between the low vs. highly profitable lies in the interplay between market conditions and conduct. Results from analyses of internal and external characteristics of the least and most profitable show important dissimilarities referring to their interplay with local market conditions. As such, the study provides important implications for retailers, from a strategical, tactical, as well as operational perspective.

  • 285.
    Eriksson, Nomie
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Reformer för kvalitetsstyrning och processtyrning får inte fäste i kommunerna2009Ingår i: Krisen som kom av sig? - om att hantera sämre tider / [ed] Nilsson, Viveka, Göteborg: Kommunforskning i Västsverige (KFi) , 2009, 1, s. 37-41Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 286.
    Ujvari, Sandor
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Virtuella system. Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Hilmola, Olli-Pekka
    Kouvola Research Unit, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Kouvola, Finland.
    Semi-autonomous vehicles with routing flexibility: functionality and application areas2009Ingår i: International Journal of Services and Operations Management, ISSN 1744-2370, Vol. 5, nr 4, s. 444-462Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Automated Guided Vehicle (AGV) systems are standard automated items in production and warehousing today. However, studies have rarely examined a more advanced form of AGVs called Semi-Autonomous Vehicles (SAVs), which have a higher sophistication of task completion and routing flexibility. This research presents SAVs in an industrial development case study. Using simulation, the route-keeping ability of SAVs with two types of guidance techniques is being studied. The results show that dual-navigation SAVs can provide the needed flexibility for routing. Using wire guidance and dead reckoning, both very well-established techniques, the SAVs' performance is, within certain limits, quite comparable to the AGVs with more advanced and expensive navigation techniques.

  • 287.
    Söderström, Eva
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Informationsteknologi.
    Åhlfeldt, Rose-Mharie
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Informationsteknologi.
    Eriksson, Nomie
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Standards for information security and processes in healthcare2009Ingår i: Journal of Systems and Information Technology, ISSN 1328-7265, E-ISSN 1758-8847, Vol. 11, nr 3, s. 295-308Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - Regardless of who or where we are and when we get sick, we expect healthcare to make us well and to handle us and our information with care and respect. Today, most healthcare institutions work separately, making the flow of patient information sub-optimal and the use of common standards practically unheard of. The purpose of this paper is to emphasise the use of standards to improve information security in process-oriented distributed healthcare. Design/methodology/approach - The paper introduces a real-life case which is analysed to highlight how and where standards can and should be used in order to improve information security in process-oriented distributed healthcare. Findings - In total, 11 flaws or problems in information security and process-orientation are identified. From these, six changes are suggested which address how information is handled, and how organizational routines should be standardized. Research limitations/implications - The case setting is Swedish healthcare, but problems can be shared across international borders. The purpose is to highlight the issues at hand. Practical implications - If suggested changes are implemented, healthcare processes will be more streamlined and focused on patients. Routines will be standardized and uncertainties thus removed in terms of how to act in certain situations. Originality/value - Healthcare and academia has yet to address both document and process issues concerning standardization in distributed healthcare. There are also few actual cases from a patient perspective. This paper provides lessons learned from a real-life case, where results may impact how standardization is addressed in healthcare organizations.

  • 288.
    Andersson, Thomas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    When complexity meets culture: new public management and the Swedish police2009Ingår i: Qualitative Research in Accounting & Management/Emerald, ISSN 1176-6093, E-ISSN 1758-7654, Vol. 6, nr 1/2, s. 41-56Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate how new public management (NPM) reform from the national level is implemented as practice in a local unit within the police sector in Sweden.Design/methodology/approach: A qualitative case-study approach is applied using semi-structured interviews, participant observations and analysis of documents.Findings: The paper illustrates different kinds of resistance at the organizational level. The dominant form of resistance was found to be cultural distancing. The paper demonstrates a tendency among police officers to deal with a changing and more complex work context by embracing a traditional work role.Research limitations/implications: The paper shows that reforms that add complexity may fail because of potential contradictions and the limited capacity and motivation of employees to deal with the complexity in the manner prescribed by NPM. Practical implications: The paper shows that the popular trend to adopt multi-dimensional forms of control (for instance the balanced-scorecard approach) may fail if there is a lack of consensus about what goals and measurement are important and/or there is a lack of dialogue about how the new goals should be implemented in practice.Originality/value: Research about NPM-reforms in the police sector is rare. The original contribution of this paper is to study NPM-reforms with a focus on the role of complexity in relation to resistance.

  • 289.
    Andersson, Thomas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Wickelgren, Mikael
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Who is colonizing whom?: Intertwined identities in product development projects2009Ingår i: Ephemera : Theory and Politics in Organization, ISSN 2052-1499, E-ISSN 1473-2866, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 168-181Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the considerable number of studies on workplace identities in the organizational literature, the project management area of research is relatively de-personalized. In seeking to develop this research, this qualitative, longitudinal study of a product development project in the automotive industry focuses on how individuals use the project as a resource for their own identity construction while at the same time the project colonizes their identities. The study reveals that the identity construction processes of the project leaders and of the project are closely intertwined and co-constructed. The project leaders face a paradoxical situation: their identities are colonized, regulated, and controlled by their company (or car, or project), and yet they believe they make their choices voluntarily. However, the core values of projectified society are ‘hidden’ in the identity work that an automobile company consciously uses to develop cars associated with specific emotions and values.

  • 290.
    Olsson, Michael
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Ekonomisk effektiv högskoleutbildning - en studie om ekonomiska resurser, studentpopulationens egenskaper och pedagogik.2008Ingår i: PUH - Pedagogiska utvecklingsprojekt i högskolan 2008: Ett samarbete mellan Västra Götalands högskolor / [ed] Sigrén, P., Västra Götalands högskolor , 2008, s. 47-52Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 291.
    Hilmola, Olli-Pekka
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle. Lappeenranta University of Technology, Kouvola, Finland.
    Abraha, Desalegn
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Lorentz, Harri
    Pan-European Institute Logistics, Turku School of Economics, Turku, Finland.
    Export based strategy or manufacturing establishment?: Speculating with Russian market2008Ingår i: International Journal of Logistics Systems and Management, ISSN 1742-7967, E-ISSN 1742-7975, Vol. 4, nr 2, s. 155-183Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Among China and India, former Eastern European countries, and especially Russia has been identified as one of the most lucrative market, e.g. in retail sector. However, this market has experienced quite enormous changes during the last two decades, and manufacturing establishment is considered to contain numerous risks, especially functionality of supply chains (incoming flows and distribution) is one of the main reasons. Our longitudinal case study research confirms this, and shows how difficult it is to achieve comparable cost efficiency in Russia as compared to other factories inside of the same company, but operating in well-developed high-cost country. Due to this, and by the fact that foreign companies still favour export based strategies, we develop mathematical models to evaluate which foreign transit harbours would provide lowest distribution costs. Our research results show that only small number of seaports needs to be considered, if distribution costs are the only issue to be concerned.

  • 292.
    Aggestam, Lena
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information.
    Söderström, Eva
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information.
    Guidelines for Preparing Organisations in Developing Countries for Standards-based B2B2008Ingår i: Emerging Markets and E-Commerce in Developing Economies / [ed] Kamel Rouibah, Omar E. M. Khalil, Aboul Ella Hassanien, IGI Global, 2008, s. 271-292Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 293.
    Eriksson, Nomie
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Har chefstjänstemän möjlighet att påverka kommunens ekonomi?2008Ingår i: Kapacitet att möta förändrade förutsättningar?: På väg in i krisen / [ed] Björn Brorström, Pierre Donatella, Göteborg: Kommunforskning i Västsverige (KFi) , 2008, 1, s. 54-59Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 294.
    Persson, Anne
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Informationsteknologi.
    Stirna, Janis
    Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Aggestam, Lena
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Informationsteknologi.
    How to Disseminate Professional Knowledge in Healthcare: The Case of Skaraborg Hospital2008Ingår i: Journal of Cases on Information Technology, ISSN 1548-7717, E-ISSN 1548-7725, Vol. 10, nr 4, s. 41-64Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Undertaking to implement a knowledge management approach is inherently difficult and risky for organizations. This article describes and discusses an implementation of a knowlege management system that took place at Skaraborg Hospital, a group of hospitals in the South West of Sweden. The article describes how the implementation process was carried out. Based on the experiences from this case and some previous cases, the article suggests a number of best practices for implementing a knowledge management approach.

  • 295.
    Andersson, Thomas
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Identity work and identity regulation in managers' personal development training2008Rapport (Refereegranskat)
  • 296.
    Hyder, Akmal S.
    et al.
    Department of Business Studies, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
    Abraha, Desalegn
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Institutional factors and strategic alliances in eastern and central Europe2008Ingår i: Baltic Journal of Management, ISSN 1746-5265, E-ISSN 1746-5273, Vol. 3, nr 3, s. 289-308Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The study deals with institutional factors that have impact on the operation of east-west alliances. Applying Kostova and Roth's terminology of institutional and relational contexts, this paper aims to address how alliance relationship based on resources, learning and performance organizes and functions, and how institutional factors influence the alliance relationship. Design/methodology/approach - To properly highlight the role of institutional factors, eastern and central Europe (ECE) is divided into four categories, namely fast adapters, high and low medium adapters and slow adapters. A total of 20 alliances operating in different country categories have been selected for the study. In all alliances, foreign partners are Swedish firms and engaged in the manufacturing industry, Semi-structured interviews containing both a fixed set of questions and a set of open-ended questions have been used for data collection. Findings - The impact of institutional factors on firms in slow-adapting countries was uniformly high, the initiatives taken were usually fruitless and ineffective. In the case of medium-adapters, the impact was largely mitigated over time as alliances passed through the different stages. The least impact was, as expected, observed among the alliances in fast-adapting countries. However, the result needs to be taken with some caution as the data include alliances where partners come from a single western country. Practical implications - For direct investment, managers need to take the institutional factors seriously as ECE countries undergo a transition period and the economical situations of these countries shows a wide variation. For example, if need of return is quick, the managers should invest in a fast-adapting country or in a medium-adapting country but not at all in a slow-adapting country. Originality/value - This paper makes a unique contribution by focusing institutional factors which affect strategic alliances in ECE. One future study can concern cultural impact on business environment and new business development in ECE. Another interesting area of research could deal with medium-adapting countries because the members of this group show different level of adaptation and performance.

  • 297.
    Aggestam, Lena
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Informationsteknologi.
    IT-supported knowledge repositories: Increasing their Usefulness by Supporting Knowledge Capture2008Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Organizations use various resources to achieve business objectives, and for financial gain. In modern business, knowledge is a critical resource, and organizations cannot afford not to manage it. Knowledge Management (KM) aims to support learning and to create value for the organization. Based on three levels of inquiry (why, what, how), work presented in this thesis includes a synthesized view of the existing body of knowledge concerning KM and hence a holistic characterization of KM. This characterization reveals a strong dependency between KM and Learning Organization (LO). Neither of them can be successful without the other. We show that a KM project resulting in an IT-supported knowledge repository is a suitable way to start when the intention is to initiate KM work. Thus, our research focuses on ITsupported knowledge repositories.Large numbers of KM projects fail, and organizations lack support for their KM undertakings. These are the main problems that our research addresses. In order for an IT-supported knowledge repository to be successful, it must be used. Thus, the content of the repository is critical for success. Our work reveals that the process of capturing new knowledge is critical if the knowledge repository is to include relevant and updated knowledge. With the purpose of supporting the capture process, this thesis provides a detailed characterization of the capture process as well as guidance aiming to facilitate the implementation of the capture process in such a way that knowledge is continuously captured, also after the KM implementation project is completed. We argue that the continuous capture of new knowledge which can potentially be stored in the knowledge repository will, in the long term perspective, have a positive influence on the usefulness of the repository. This will most likely increase the number of users of the repository and accordingly increase the number of successful KM projects.All the work presented in this thesis is the result of a qualitative research process comprising a literature review and an empirical study that were carried out in parallel. The empirical study is a case study inspired by action research, which involved participation in the project Efficient Knowledge Management and Learning in Knowledge Intensive Organizations (EKLär).

  • 298.
    Awuah, Gabriel Baffour
    et al.