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  • 251.
    Söderström, Eva
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Eriksson, Nomie
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Åhlfeldt, Rose-Mharie
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Managing healthcare information: analyzing trust2016In: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, ISSN 0952-6862, E-ISSN 1758-6542, Vol. 29, no 7, p. 786-800Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose– The purpose of this paper is to analyze two case studies with a trust matrix tool, to identify trust issues related to electronic health records. Design/methodology/approach– A qualitative research approach is applied using two case studies. The data analysis of these studies generated a problem list, which was mapped to a trust matrix. Findings– Results demonstrate flaws in current practices and point to achieving balance between organizational, person and technology trust perspectives. The analysis revealed three challenge areas, to: achieve higher trust in patient-focussed healthcare; improve communication between patients and healthcare professionals; and establish clear terminology. By taking trust into account, a more holistic perspective on healthcare can be achieved, where trust can be obtained and optimized. Research limitations/implications– A trust matrix is tested and shown to identify trust problems on different levels and relating to trusting beliefs. Future research should elaborate and more fully address issues within three identified challenge areas. Practical implications– The trust matrix’s usefulness as a tool for organizations to analyze trust problems and issues is demonstrated. Originality/value– Healthcare trust issues are captured to a greater extent and from previously unchartered perspectives.

  • 252.
    Tehseen, Shehnaz
    et al.
    Sunway University, Department of Management, Sunway University Business School, Bandar Sunway, Selangor, Malaysia.
    Mughal, Sadia Ahmed
    Universiti Kuala Lumpur, Universiti Kuala Lumpur Business School, Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan, Malaysia.
    Durst, Susanne
    University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future. University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Shujahat, Muhammad
    The University of Hong Kong, Faculty of Education, Knowledge Management & E-Learning Lab, Hong Kong, China.
    Qureshi, Zuhaib Hassan
    Universiti Kuala Lumpur, Universiti Kuala Lumpur Business School, Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan, Malaysia.
    Kokkalis, Panagiotis
    Al Falah University, Business Administration and Human Resource Department, College of Business School, Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
    Composition-based view of the firm as a promising approach to studying small businesses2019In: Produção, ISSN 0103-6513, E-ISSN 1980-5411, Vol. 29, article id e20180022Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Paper aims

    Extant Literature based on the resource-based view (RBV) of the firm suggests that it can be used to study organizations of all types and sizes. In essence, the RBV argues that firms that possess rare, non-imitable, valuable, unique, and non-substitutable resources will outperform firms that do not possess such resources. This study questions the applicability of this assumption to smaller businesses, which are likely to have common resources readily available in the market rather than rare, non-imitable, non-substitutable, unique, or valuable resources. The purpose of this study is to discuss whether the composition-based view (CBV) of the firm offers a more promising approach than the RBV to studying small businesses.

    Originality

    This study is one of the first to tentatively suggest a change in theoretical approach when studying small businesses.

    Research method

    A structured critical review approach is taken.

    Main findings

    The findings reveal that the CBV offers a more promising and appropriate theoretical framework than the RBV for research on small businesses, whereas the RBV is better suited to research on larger firms.

    Implications for theory and practice

    Future studies can use RBV and CBV to study large and small businesses, respectively.

  • 253.
    Temel, Serdal
    et al.
    Ege University, Bornova, Turkey.
    Durst, Susanne
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Driving Factors for Converting Teaching-Oriented Universities Into Entrepreneurial Universities: A Turkish Case Study2018In: International Journal of Applied Behavioral Economics (IJABE), ISSN 2160-9802, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 34-53Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to accelerate economic growth, many countries have developed and implemented different programs and mechanisms. Benefiting universities' knowledge production and human capacity are one of those mechanisms and therefore entrepreneurial universities, in particular, are considered as a strategic factor in order to realize this target. While in many advanced economies, mainly in Europe and United States, entrepreneurial universities have been established over the years, but this has not been realized in emerging economies. Against this background and the activities found in Turkey, this article sheds light on the current state of Turkish universities regarding their development into entrepreneurial universities. Main findings show that existence of IP policy and TTO is driving factors for entrepreneurial universities. In addition, IP awareness activities in the campus, novelty search and using patent during academic promotion motivates universities to become more entrepreneurial.

  • 254.
    Temel, Serdal
    et al.
    Ege University, İzmir, Turkey.
    Durst, Susanne
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future. Universidad del Pacίfico, Lima, Peru.
    The Interplay between Open Innovation and Knowledge Management in SMEs2018In: Open Innovation and Knowledge Management in Small and Medium Enterprises / [ed] Susanne Durst, Serdal Temel, Helio Aisenberg Ferenhof, Singapore: World Scientific, 2018, p. 67-84Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter, the interplay between open innovation (OI) and knowledge management (KM) in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) is addressed. More precisely, the three OI archetypes, which are the outside–in and inside–out processes, and coupled process, are used to show this interplay. It is shown how SMEs can benefit from applying these three archetypes and what are the preconditions for applying them in the best way.

  • 255.
    Temel, Serdal
    et al.
    Ege University, Turkey.
    Durst, Susanne
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Yesilay, Rustem Baris
    Ege University, Turkey.
    Hinteregger, Christoph
    University of Liechtenstein, Liechtenstein.
    Sukan, Fazilet Vardar
    Ege University, Turkey.
    Uzkurt, Cevahir
    Ministry of Science, Industry and Technology of Republic of Turkey, Turkey.
    The Drivers of Entrepreneurial Universities in Emerging Economies: A Turkish Case Study2015In: Handbook of Research on Global Competitive Advantage through Innovation and Entrepreneurship / [ed] Luís M. Carmo Farinha, João J. M. Ferreira, Helen Lawton Smith & Sharmistha Bagchi-Sen, IGI Global, 2015, p. 569-588Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Several countries have introduced programs intended to develop or increase their competitiveness. Entrepreneurial universities in particular are considered critical actors in order to reach this goal. While in advanced economies many of this type of universities have been established over the years, this is not the situation in emerging economies. These economies are only in the beginning of this development. Against this background and the activities found in Turkey, the aim of this chapter is to shed light on the current state of Turkish universities regarding their development into entrepreneurial universities. The findings reported may be useful for academics, policymakers, and other actors interested in the topic.

  • 256.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    A resource-based model of organizational resilience2018In: The Resilience Framework: Organizing for Sustained Viability / [ed] Stefan Tengblad, Margareta Oudhuis, Singapore: Springer, 2018, p. 39-54Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter presents a three-dimensional resource-based model of organizational resilience. The first dimension is financial resources, i.e. economic assets, earnings capacity and intangibilities. The second dimension is technical resources which include products, services, production and supply chains as well as know-how in areas such as innovation, information systems, management of human resources and commerce. The third and final dimension is social resources which relate to various kinds of relations to stakeholders: employees, customers, suppliers, owners, creditors, etc. The importance of a constructive followership is stressed. In the end of the chapter, it is discussed how these three dimensions interact with each other. Therefore it is a need of taking a holistic perspective in decision-making and the ability to act swift, agile and imaginatively for preventing crises and to exploit opportunities.

  • 257.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    BP och Deepwater Horizon – Oljekatastrofen ur ett resilensperspektiv2014In: Organisatorisk resiliens: Vad är det som gör företag och organisationer livskraftiga? / [ed] Stefan Tengblad & Margareta Oudhuis, Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, 1, p. 113-130Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 258.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Ledarskap och medarbetarskap2015In: Skolledning / [ed] Jan Löwstedt, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, p. 109-127Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 259.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Management and leadership2015In: Encyclopedia of Quality and the Service Economy / [ed] Su Mi Dahlgaard-Park, Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 2015, p. 385-390Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 260.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Management Practice - and the Doing of Management2017In: The Oxford Handbook of Management / [ed] Adrian Wilkinson, Steven J. Armstrong, Michael Lounsbury, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 261.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Mästarföretaget som försvann – En resiliensanalys av handelsföretaget Circuit City2014In: Organisatorisk resiliens: Vad är det som gör företag och organisationer livskraftiga? / [ed] Stefan Tengblad & Margareta Oudhuis, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, 1, p. 57-72Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 262.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Organisatorisk resiliens – En teoretisk modell2014In: Organisatorisk resiliens: Vad är det som gör företag och organisationer livskraftiga? / [ed] Stefan Tengblad & Margareta Oudhuis, Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, 1, p. 29-56Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 263.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Organisatorisk resiliens: Vad är det som gör företag och organisationer livskraftiga2014In: Organisatorisk resiliens: Vad är det som gör företag och organisationer livskraftiga / [ed] Stefan Tengblad och Margareta Oudhuis, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, 1, p. 11-27Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 264.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Organizational resilience: Theoretical framework2018In: The Resilience Framework: Organizing for Sustained Viability / [ed] Stefan Tengblad, Margareta Oudhuis, Singapore: Springer, 2018, p. 19-38Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     In this chapter, a general theoretical framework of the book is presented. The framework builds on various sources of literature and in particular on an organic view on economic and organizational development. Using the classical concepts of variation, selection and retention, organizational resilience is seen as the capacity of a company to over time become a selected variation in the marketplace.

    Furthermore‚  the framework builds on findings from complexity theory that highlights the centrality of unforeseen events and unanticipated consequences. Such events and consequences can be both positive and negative (serendipities as well as severe challenges). The chapter ends in a new model that emphasizes the importance for a resilient organization to find an adequate balance between reliability,efficiency and change capacity.

  • 265.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Relationsinriktat Ledarskap för Innovationsutveckling: Mätinstrumentet Leader-Member Exchange (LMX)2014Report (Other academic)
  • 266.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Resilient företagsledning – Lärdomar från tre legendariska företagsledare2014In: Organisatorisk resiliens: Vad är det som gör företag och organisationer livskraftiga? / [ed] Stefan Tengblad & Margareta Oudhuis, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, 1, p. 131-155Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 267.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Resilient leadership: Lessons from three legendary business leaders2018In: The Resilience Framework: Organizing for Sustained Viability / [ed] Stefan Tengblad, Margareta Oudhuis, Singapore: Springer, 2018, p. 89-108Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One way of gaining knowledge about organizational resilience is to studying business leaders who have contributed to create companies and business models with long endurance. In this chapter three successful Swedish business leaders are described and analyzed in accordance with the theoretical framework of the book. Some important results emerge from the analysis. First, an emphasis on creating decentralized organizations based on an active followership and trust is revealed. Second, the business leaders in question have shown the courage and capability to develop strategies even if they did not correspond to at the moment popular beliefs in society, and third the business leaders have shown the ability to find creative solution to situations they did not foresee, which included abandoning a previous strategy (i.e. fl exible adaption).

  • 268.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    The champion company that disappeared: A resilience resources analysis of Circuit City2018In: The Resilience Framework: Organizing for Sustained Viability / [ed] Stefan Tengblad, Margareta Oudhuis, Singapore: Springer, 2018, p. 57-70Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Good to Great by Jim Collins and colleagues (2001) is one of the most influential management books in the last decades. In this chapter, a critical analysis of the book is made using the framework developed in the book. This is made through an analysis of the fate of Circuit City, one of the heralded companies in Good to Great. The critique contains displaying methodological flaws and the one-sidedness in  Good to Great where simple and timeless business models fanatically applied is seen as a general recipe for success. On the contrary, the fate of Circuit City demonstrates the need of developing a strong financial base, efficient operations, good stakeholder relations as well as the ability to alter existing business models and to develop new models.

  • 269.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Andersson, Thomas
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    From industrial democracy to "coworkership": Development trends in work organization practices in Sweden2014In: International Labour Process Conference, 2014, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 270.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Berntson, Erik
    Stockholms universitet.
    Cregård, Anna
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Organisatorisk komplexitet är också en möjlighet2018In: Att leda i en komplex organisation: Utmaningar och nya perspektiv för chefer i offentlig verksamhet / [ed] Anna Cregård, Erik Berntson, Stefan Tengblad, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2018, 1, p. 183-195Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 271.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Kazemi, Ali
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Kajonius, Petri
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Brukarorientering och nöjdhet i svensk äldreomsorg2016In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 93, no 2, p. 178-189Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I artikeln redogörs för de viktigaste faktorerna som påverkar brukarnöjdhet inom svensk äldreomsorg på basis av statistiska analyser av primärdata i Socialstyrelsens och SKL:s årliga undersökning Öppna jämförelser samt fältstudier. Resultaten visar på den stora betydelsen av goda relationer mellan medarbetare och brukare präglade av respekt, trygghet och inflytande.  I artikeln redogörs också för de fem viktigaste komponenterna i det som kallas brukarorientering nämligen uppgiftsfokus, individfokus, känsla, samarbete och tidsanvändning. Syftet med denna artikel är att uppmärksamma beslutsfattare och äldreomsorgsadministratörer på betydelsen av att sträva efter en hög relationskvalitet och att undvika ett överdrivet fokus på att nå goda rankningresultat, särskilt som dessa rankningar har visats överdriva skillnader i kommuners äldreomsorgskvalitet.

  • 272.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Oudhuis, Margareta
    University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Conclusions: The resilience framework summarised2018In: The Resilience Framework: Organizing for Sustained Viability / [ed] Stefan Tengblad, Margareta Oudhuis, Singapore: Springer, 2018, p. 233-248Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A central claim in the chapter is that organizational resilience is not only a capability but also a philosophy of how organizations can manage surprises and face adverse, complex and uncertain environments in responsible and proactive ways, often even before crises occur. The chapter presents a holistic framework that analyses resilience from different perspectives: 1) as traits, 2) as processes, 3) as resources 4) as capabilities and 5) as prime sources. Furthermore, the main results from the book are summarized in seven main conclusions: 1) the changeable nature of the concept, 2) the multifaceted nature of the concept, 3) the importance of stakeholder interactions, 4) the relation between economies of scale, standardization and flexibility, 5) the importance of high reliability and 6) of local conditions and 7) that resilience is created by combining reliability, efficiency and change capacity.

  • 273.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Oudhuis, MargaretaHögskolan i Borås.
    Organisatorisk resiliens: Vad är det som gör företag och organisationer livskraftiga2014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 274.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Oudhuis, Margareta
    University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Organization resilience: What makes companies and organizations sustainable?2018In: The Resilience Framework: Organizing for Sustained Viability / [ed] Stefan Tengblad, Margareta Oudhuis, Singapore: Springer, 2018, p. 3-17Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Organizational resilience deals with companies’  and organizations’ ability to survive, or more positively stated, to maintain their vitality in a changing world that constantly requires adaptation. This chapter introduces and describes the concept of organizational resilience and presents an overview of the book.

    A resilient company or organization is in the chapter defi ned as the capacity to use its technical, economic and social resources in order to develop long-term skills and competencies, in an efficient, reliable and flexible manner, and in a way it could manage challenges and exploit opportunities. This definition is developed both by acknowledging previous defi nitions and also by using the theoretical framework of the book consisting of evolutionary theory, complexity theory and practice theory of management.

  • 275.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Oudhuis, MargaretaUniversity of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    The Resilience Framework: Organizing for Sustained Viability2018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Resilience Framework: Organizing for Sustained Viability is a book about organizational prosperity and survivability. Its theoretical framework poses achallenge to many schools of management thought in that it recognizes the complexity and unpredictability of managers’ and leaders’ work. A key theme is that organizations and leaders must be prepared and willing to deal with the inevitable occurrence of unexpected events by using their financial, technical, and social resources in ways that empower employees in lateral as well as horizontal decision-making processes. The book’s chapters are based on empirical research conducted at many real companies and in many important business areas. The empirical chapters, for example, present case studies of such events as the BP Deepwater Horizon disaster, the rise and fall of Circuit City, the turn-around of afashion company, and many others.

    The book presents two new theoretical managerial models: (1) an organizational resilience resource model based on a combination of financial, technical, and social resources; and (2) an organizational capability model that incorporates the three key concepts of reliability, efficiency, and change capacity. Within the framework of organizational resilience, these models can be used to analyse what makes some organizations viable and others not, to integrate important spheres of knowledge into managerial operations, and to understand the role of boards and top managers who work in complex and uncertain environments. While the book offers no easy recipes for achieving organizational resilience, it does offer a holistic explanation of the challenges modern organizations must master.

  • 276.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Vie, Ola Edvin
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway.
    Managerial work2015In: Handbook of research on managing managers / [ed] Adrian Wilkinson, Keith Townsend & Gabriele Suder, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, p. 161-180Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 277.
    Thörnquist, Annette
    et al.
    Research Institute for Work, Technology and Culture, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Do public sector industrial relations challenge the Swedish model?2018In: Labor history, ISSN 0023-656X, E-ISSN 1469-9702, Vol. 59, no 1, p. 87-104Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses recent developments in public sector labour relations in Sweden from a historical, gender and power relations perspective. The main question is whether these trends challenge the established Swedish industrial relations system. Our point of departure - yet chronologically also the point of arrival - is the Swedish Municipal Workers' Union, Kommunal's, exit from the coordinated wage setting model within the Swedish Trade Union Confederation (Landsorganisationen, LO) in 2015/2016. The immediate reason was that Kommunal, representing one-third of the LO members, including many low-paid women, turned down the LO's proposal on a general wage increase for low-wage groups. Instead, Kommunal urged to upgrade wages for a specific member group, the auxiliary nurses. This broke an almost uninterrupted 20-year-long period of labour market cooperation and coordination that was introduced in 1997 through the so-called Industry Agreement (Industriavtalet). This agreement was launched in the wake of the deep financial crisis in the early 1990s, and the neoliberal move towards a complete decentralization of pay negotiations. How should this move by Kommunal be interpreted? Why, and when, has the centralized system become a straitjacket for Kommunal, when for decades it seemingly was a precondition for both private and public union strength?

  • 278.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Bogus Self-employment in the European Union2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 279.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Globalization and International Labor Solidarity—: Introduction to a Theme2014In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 1-10Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 280.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Inte självklart att lagstiftning leder till färre strejker2018In: Dagens Arena, article id 2018-07-04Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Diskussionen om hamnkonflikten i Göteborg har hittills saknat ett historiskt perspektiv. I denna essä visar forskaren Christer Thörnqvist att lagstiftning tidigare varit ineffektiv mot arbetsmarknadskonflikter, men däremot har uppenbara risker.

  • 281.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    The Nordic Labour Market Model (In japanese)2017In: 北欧福祉国家モデルは持続可能か? The Nordic Welfare Model - Still Sustainable?: Five Exceptions and Policy Cooperation / [ed] Klaus Petersen, Stein Kuhnle, Pauli Kettunen, Yoko Otsuka, Akio Kamiko, Kyoto: Minerva Shobou, 2017, 1, p. 296-326Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 282.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Utredning med varningsflagg2018In: ArbetetArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Företrädare för fack och arbetsgivare säger att risken för gula fack är minimal. Men lagar stiftas för framtiden och hur kommande generationer av arbetsgivare agerar finns det inga garantier för. Att ändra i strejkrätten för med sig stora risker, skriver Christer Thörnqvist, docent i arbetsvetenskap.

  • 283.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Welfare States and the Need for Social Protection of Self-Employed Migrant Workers in the European Union2015In: International Journal of Comparative Labour Law and Industrial Relations, ISSN 0952-617X, E-ISSN 1875-838X, Vol. 31, no 4, p. 391-410Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    So-called bogus – or false – self-employment has been increasingly highlighted as a problem within the European Union (EU), especially since the first eastern expansion in 2004. Although the concept is not fully clear in legal terms, a common denominator of most definitions is that bogus self-employment can be seen as ‘disguised employment’, occurring when someone who has an employee status in practice is not classified as an employee, in order to hide the actual legal status and to avoid costs such as taxes and social security contributions. In the light of different welfare systems, industrial relations and EU legislation, this article discusses this issue, drawing empirically on findings from a project about precarious employment in twelve EU countries. Although there are some fairly strict definitions of the ‘employee concept’ within the EU, the difficulties of identifying the employer leave the bogus self-employed in a legal limbo. No European Social Model has curtailed this problem, despite an expressed desire to address all aspects of precarious work. However, the inclusion of all ‘self-employed’ workers within social insurance systems and workers with an employee status in practice seems possible also under existing EU regulations. It is rather a matter of goodwill and the resources to scrutinize the terms and conditions of employment.

  • 284.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Andersson Bäck, Monica
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Hamark, Jesper
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Suède: brève histoire du syndicalisme et défis actuels2016In: Syndicats et dialogue social: Les modèles occidentaux à l'épreuve / [ed] Dominique Andolfatto & Sylvie Contrepois, Bruxelles: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2016, p. 263-283Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 285.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Bergholm, Tapio
    Helsingin yliopisto, Finland.
    Mellberg, Margaretha
    Högskolan på Gotland.
    The May Day Tradition in Finland and Sweden2016In: The Ritual of May Day in Western Europe: Past, Present and Future / [ed] Abby Peterson and Herbert Reiter, Routledge, 2016, 1, p. 75-105Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 286.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Bernhardsson, Sebastian
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Their own stories - how Polish construction workers posted to Sweden experience their job situation, or resistance versus life projects2015In: Transfer - European Review of Labour and Research, ISSN 1024-2589, E-ISSN 1996-7284, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 23-36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study draws primarily on in-depth interviews with nine male Polish construction workers posted to Sweden in the early 2010s. The emphasis lies on their own experiences of being exposed to what they saw as unjust working conditions, and why they accept them or react against them. The overarching research questions are why Polish workers go to Sweden, and, more importantly, why they stay even when they feel unfairly treated or directly cheated by their employers. The main points of interest are wages, work environment, employment contracts and relations with different labour market players, including the EU. It was very clear that none of the Polish workers had ever heard of the EU Posted Workers Directive. Still, the lack of serious resistance, our study argues, was not because of poor knowledge about their legal rights, but was linked to a wish to fulfil a ‘life project’ back home in Poland, such as building a house, starting a company, being able to afford to start a family and raise children, or saving for retirement. This wish helped the workers to swallow ‘unfair’ treatment.

  • 287.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Fransson, Susanne
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Women and Wildcats: Unofficial Women’s Strikes in Sweden in the 1970s and 1980s2015In: Workers of the World: International Journal on Strikes and Social Conflict, ISSN 2182-8938, Vol. 1, no 6, p. 64-83Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    While the strike propensity in manufacturing declined in the 1980s and 1990s, it remained high or even increased in services, health care, education and so on. Thegrowing portion of tertiary sector employment has further moved the searchlight from men to women, as the demographic transformation in work has promoted a feminization of strikes. However, what if we go back in history, to when strikes and industrial conflict was still mainly a men’s concern? Did women go on strike at all, and if so, how did their strikes differ from the overall pattern? The 1970s was the decade of “resurgence of class conflict” in Western societies, including Sweden, with an outstanding upsurge of strikes in many countries. There is an affluence of studies of both the 1970s strike-waves and single strikes in this rebellious decade, but few of them deal with female-dominated strikes. This article explores women’s strikes in Sweden in the 1970s and 1980s with special attention to the treatment in the Labour Court, since the article finds a remarkable difference in legal outcome between “male” and “female” strikes.

  • 288.
    van Laere, Joeri
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Aggestam, Lena
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Understanding champion behaviour in a health-care information system development project – how multiple champions and champion behaviours build a coherent whole2016In: European Journal of Information Systems, ISSN 0960-085X, E-ISSN 1476-9344, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 47-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Champions are commonly suggested as a means of promoting the adoption of information systems. Since there are many different definitions of the concepts of champion and champion behaviour in the literature, practitioners and researchers may be confused about how to exactly use these concepts. A qualitative analysis of a single case study in a Swedish health-care organisation enabled us to explain how different champion behaviours relate to each other and how multiple champions interact. Combining our rich case observations with an analysis of champion literature reveals how champion behaviours form a coherent and meaningful whole in which networks of different types of champions at different levels in an organisation utilise their network of relations, their knowledge of the organisation and their insight into strategic decision-making politics to time and orchestrate the framing of innovations and the involvement of the right people. In conclusion, championing is a complex performance of contextually dependent collective social interaction, varying over time, rather than a heroic act of one individual promoting an idea. Future studies need to focus more on how the relations between different champions and their behaviours develop across innovations and over time, in order to develop a richer understanding of championing.

  • 289. Velten, Johan
    et al.
    Stefan, Tengblad
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Heggen, Runar
    Medarbeiderskap: Hva som får folk til å ta ansvar og vise initiativ2016 (ed. 2)Book (Other academic)
  • 290.
    Velten, Johan
    et al.
    Norge.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Heggen, Runar
    Norge.
    Medarbetarskap: Så får du dina medarbetare att ta initiativ och känna ansvar2017 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 291.
    Viljamaa, Anmari
    et al.
    Business Transfer Ecosystems in Fostering Enterprise Continuity, Finland.
    Tall, Juha
    Business Transfer Ecosystems in Fostering Enterprise Continuity, Finland.
    Varamäki, Elina
    Business Transfer Ecosystems in Fostering Enterprise Continuity, Finland.
    Singer, Slavica
    J. J. Strossmayer University of Osijek, Croatia.
    Tornikoski, Erno
    Grenoble Ecole de Management, France.
    Durst, Susanne
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Ripolles, María
    Universitat Jaume I, Spain.
    Blesa, Andreu
    Universitat Jaume I, Spain.
    Alpeza, Mirela
    CEPOR - SMEs and Entrepreneurship Policy Centre, Zagreb, Croatia.
    Buffart, Mickael
    Grenoble Ecole de Management, France.
    Mezulic, Petra
    J. J. Strossmayer University of Osijek, Croatia.
    Business Transfer Ecosystems in Fostering Enterprise Continuity2016In: Creating Solutions with Sustainable Entrepreneurship, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to present the key elements and content of a business transfer ecosystem and examine the supportiveness of such a system in five European countries. A business transfer comprises a change of ownership of any firm or business from one person/legal entity to another person/legal entity with the aim of assuring the continued existence and commercial activity of the enterprise - when more than 50 % of the assets or shares are transferred (see e.g. Sten 2006; Van Teeffelen 2012). This definition includes both family successions and transfers to external buyers.

    The study also seeks to demonstrate a research gap regarding the necessity of an evidence-based design for business transfer ecosystems in fostering enterprise continuity.

     

    The study is based on a multiple case study involving five country cases. Data shows that there is a considerable variety regarding forms of business discontinuity, which is in line with former research. According to the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor survey, e.g., in Croatia only 0,83% of all business exits are based on opportunities to sell compared to 5,3% in Sweden. In Finland 15% of all exits are caused by none-profitable businesses vs. 56% in Spain; and financing difficulties is a reason for 24% of exits in Croatia and only for 2,7% in Sweden (Singer et al., 2014). The analysis further shows that business transfer ecosystems are very country specific. The different ecosystems studied are in different stages of development, ranging from highly developed infrastructure to practically none at all. The level of the business transfer infrastructure (e.g. advisory services, financing) varies, as does the complexity of relevant legislation. There are also similarities; in all countries the potential for business transfers is highest among micro firms, and none of the studied countries has a public database for business transfers.

     

    As the different stages of the life cycle of a firm (birth, growth, maturity, exit) are not evenly covered as regards statistical monitoring, the exit phase is susceptible to assumption-based approaches regarding the development of related ecosystems. The study’s findings contribute to the general awareness that a business transfer represents a phase in the firm’s life cycle that offers different possible strategic decisions. In sum, business transfers can be seen as an essential element of enterprise continuity and development.

  • 292.
    Wickelgren, Mikael
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Andersson, Thomas
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Cäker, Mikael
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden / Trondheim Business School, Norway.
    How incentive systems arrived in Sweden: a tale of travelling ideas and ghost myths in action2018In: International Journal of Management Concepts and Philosophy, ISSN 1478-1484, E-ISSN 1741-8135, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 67-81Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes and explains how and why incentive systems began spreading in Sweden, despite the differences between the dominating business values in the USA (where incentive systems originated) and Sweden. A ghost myth in Sweden’s national business system explains why it happened when it did. Theories on travelling ideas underemphasise the fact that organisations/countries hold varying and competing ideas of suitable practices at the same time. Ghost myths are important alternative concepts which are activated when contextual circumstances arise for a shift in practices. This research is based on a hermeneutic and qualitative approach using texts and interviews and it highlights the role of ghost myths in terms of how ideas travel and how they are translated in different contexts.

  • 293.
    Wilbert, Julieta K. W.
    et al.
    Federal University of Santa Catarina, Brazil.
    Durst, Susanne
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future. South Ural State University, Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation.
    Aisenberg Ferenhof, Helio
    Federal University of Santa Catarina, Brazil.
    Selig, Paulo M.
    Federal University of Santa Catarina, Brazil.
    Unlearning at the Individual Level: An Exploratory Case Study in a High Power Distance Country2018In: Journal of Innovation Management, E-ISSN 2183-0606, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 17-39Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a case study that addresses factors that influence unlearning at the individual level. These factors were studied in a public sector organization located in a country characterized by high power distance. The case organization went through a change process of a daily routine caused by the introduction of a new technology. Data were collected through semi structured face-to-face interviews with shop floor agents in the state of Santa Catarina/Brazil. The results highlight the strong influence of the support of formal leaders on the unlearning process of individuals, suggesting that managers operating in a high power distance environment have to make bigger efforts compared to their counterparts in small power distance settings to promote unlearning processes of employees. The study advances the limited body of knowledge regarding unlearning in general and unlearning at the individual level in particular. It also stresses the influence of the national cultural dimension on the unlearning process of individuals.

  • 294.
    Williams, Christopher
    et al.
    Durham University Business School, Durham, United Kingdom.
    Durst, Susanne
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Exploring the transition phase in offshore outsourcing: Decision making amidst knowledge at risk2019In: Journal of Business Research, ISSN 0148-2963, E-ISSN 1873-7978, Vol. 103, p. 460-471Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We explore the transition phase in information system (IS) offshore outsourcing, focusing on ongoing decisions made in a client-vendor arrangement and the implications these decisions have for knowledge at risk. Drawing on time-compression and knowledge at risk literatures we argue that firms will need to make ongoing transitional decisions over time as knowledge intensive work is increasingly handed over from client to vendor. We conduct a longitudinal exploratory case study of a strategic development project transitioned from a European client to a company in India over a 4-year period. Analysis indicates: (1) four distinct phases of the transition: penetration, embedment, ramp-up and stabilization; (2) how transitional decisions and knowledge at risk vary across these phases. Results from the longitudinal approach have implications not only for understanding the ‘what’ and ‘how’ in IS offshore outsourcing but also for a deeper insight into the ‘when’ question.

  • 295.
    Zieba, Malgorzata
    et al.
    Gdansk University of Technology, Gdansk, Poland.
    Durst, Susanne
    University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future. University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Knowledge Risks in the Sharing Economy2018In: Knowledge Management in the Sharing Economy: Cross-Sectoral Insights into the Future of Competitive Advantage / [ed] Elena-Mădălina Vătămănescu & Florina Pînzaru, Springer, 2018, p. 253-270Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this chapter is to present and analyze potential risks connected with knowledge that organizations operating in the sharing economy might potentially face. 

  • 296.
    Åhlfeldt, Rose-Mharie
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Andersén, Annelie
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Eriksson, Nomie
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Nohlberg, Marcus
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Bergström, Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Fischer Hübner, Simone
    Karlstads universitet.
    Kompetensbehov och kompetensförsörjning inom informationssäkerhet från ett samhällsperspektiv2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    På uppdrag av Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap (MSB) har en studie genomförts med syftet att komplettera resultatet från en tidigare genomförd förstudie (Åhlfeldt m.fl., 2014) med en analys av kompetensförsörjning och kompetensbehov på informations­säkerhetsområdet från ett samhällsperspektiv. Arbetet har genomförts av forskare från två lärosäten, Högskolan i Skövde och Karlstad Universitet, samt inom tre forskningsdiscipliner: pedagogik, informationssäkerhet och företagsekonomi.

    Uppdraget har varit att besvara följande frågeställningar:

    • Vilka är kompetensbehoven för att ha en god och balanserad informationssäkerhet som bidrar till samhällets informationssäkerhet?
      • Samtida kompetensbehov (nuläget)
      • Framtida kompetensbehov
      • Hur ska nödvändig kompetens erhållas och på vem ligger ansvaret?
      • Utifrån ovanstående frågeställningar, vilka är de viktigaste framgångsfaktorerna?

    Arbetet har genomförts i form av fokusgrupper med representanter från myndigheter och företag som har en nära verksamhetskoppling till samhällets informationssäkerhet och som är viktiga för att samhällets informationssäkerhet ska fungera.

    Resultatet visar att det finns stora brister avseende informationssäkerhetskompetens på alla nivåer i samhället. Tre tydliga områden pekas ut 1) nationellt - ökat behov av starkare styrning och ledning samt kravställning 2) organisation - ökat behov av kompetens från ledning till medarbetare men med starkt fokus på kompetenshöjande åtgärder på ledningsnivå samt vid upphandling och 3) medborgarperspektivet där framförallt skolområdet lyfts fram som ett viktigt insatsområde för kompetenshöjande åtgärder.

    För att uppnå nödvändig kompetens krävs utbildningsinsatser på alla ovan angivna områden. Dels utbildningar på akademisk nivå för informationssäkerhetsexperter men även övriga utbildningar inom t ex juridik och ekonomi. Även yrkesverksamma på organisationsnivå behöver riktade kompetenshöjande åtgärder som sätter informationssäkerhet i fokus utifrån organisationens verksamhetsbehov, allt ifrån ledningsnivå till medarbetarnivå.

    Resultatet visar även att ansvaret för samhällets kompetensförsörjning för informationssäkerhet ligger även den på alla ovan nämnda tre områden men med tydlig betoning på nationell nivå. Här betonas behovet av nationella krav för att medvetandegöra och lyfta informations­säkerheten i samhällsviktig verksamhet för att nå så många medborgare som möjligt.  

    Förslag på framtida arbete avseende utveckling av metoder för framtida studier av kompetensförsörjningen pekar främst på metoder för att angripa bristen på helhetssyn samt kompetensförsörjning för management och medborgare.

  • 297.
    Åhlfeldt, Rose-Mharie
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Fischer Hübner, Simone
    Karlstad University.
    Carlén, Urban
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Andersén, Annelie
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Eriksson, Nomie
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Björck, Fredrik
    Stockholms Universitet.
    Nohlberg, Marcus
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Förstudie kompetensbehov informationssäkerhet2014Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    På uppdrag av Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap (MSB) har en förstudie genomförts med syftet att sammanställa forskningsresultat om kompetenshöjande åtgärder inom informationssäkerhetsområdet för att kartlägga utbildningsbehov och identifierade nyttoeffekter. Arbetet har genomförts av forskare från tre olika lärosäten, Högskolan Skövde, Karlstad Universitet och Stockholms Universitet, samt inom tre forskningsdiscipliner nämligen pedagogik, informationssäkerhet och företagsekonomi.

    Förstudien har haft i uppdrag att besvara följande frågeställningar:

    • Hur definieras kompetens?

    • Hur mäter man kompetens?

    • Hur skiljer sig olika typer av utbildningsinsatser avseende nyttoeffekter? Vilka erfarenheter,

      utvärderingar förklaringsfaktorer kan identifieras?

    • Hur och i vilken utsträckning tillgodogörs olika typer av utbildningar?

    • Vad kännetecknar framgångsrika utbildningsinsatser?

      Resultatet visar att kompetensbegreppet är svårdefinierat och det finns ingen tydlig definition av begreppet. Ett försök till en sammanfattande beskrivning av kompetensbegreppet utifrån granskningen är att kompetens innebär en viss uppsättning kunskaper, färdigheter, etik och attityder i en viss kontext. Kompetens innefattar både egenskaper och intentioner där egenskap inkluderar kunskap och färdighet, och intentioner innefattar etik och attityder. Allt måste dock relatera till en kontext och alltid ses i sitt sammanhang.

      Ytterst få studier har fokus på mätning av kompetens både generellt och inom informationssäkerhetsområdet. De studier som genomfört någon form av mätning mäter främst kompetens utifrån det akademiska fältet och då i första hand utifrån ett kunskapsperspektiv. Forskning av mätning på yrkesverksamma är minimal inom de sökområden som granskats i denna förstudie.

      Avseende kompetensbehov, nyttoeffekter, erfarenheter och framgångsfaktorer visar granskningen att framgångsfaktorer generellt är när utbildningsinsatserna för yrkesverksamma har ett praktiknära fokus. Motivationen och engagemanget hos de som går en utbildning är av avgörande betydelse. Det går inte direkt att avgöra vilka utbildningstyper eller aktiviteter som är av störst betydelse utan granskningen visar att en kombination av olika utbildningsformer och aktiviteter är att föredra. Vidare är dialog och diskussion i den dagliga verksamheten av stor betydelse för att bygga upp en hållbar säkerhetskultur i organisationen. Den s k tysta kunskapen ska inte underskattas utan behöver tas i beaktande och stödjas.

      Ytterligare är ledningens engagemang, delaktighet och stöd för utbildningens genomförande av avgörande betydelse om en utbildning ska uppnå en tydlig effekt i verksamheten.

      Granskningen visar att det finns behov av ytterligare forskning avseende kompetensbehov och på vilket sätt olika utbildningsinsatser ger effekt i organisationer. Förslag på ett diskussionsunderlag för framtida arbete har tagits fram. Förslagen innefattar bl a behov av kompetensanalyser, metoder och verktyg för att mäta utbildningseffekter, riktade kompetenshöjande insatser för managementnivån, longitudinella studier för uppföljning av effekter samt utveckling av metoder och verktyg för ett situerat lärande.

    Granskningen har genomförts inom olika disciplinområden vilket har uppfattats mycket positivt av de deltagande forskarna. Eftersom informationssäkerhet är ett interdisciplinärt område krävs också att bredare perspektiv och ytterligare discipliner bör ingå i framtida fördjupade analyser i området. Exempel på tillkommande discipliner är beteendevetenskap, psykologi och juridik. Behovet av kompetens inom informationssäkerhetsområdet lär inte minska i framtiden och ytterligare forskning behövs för att rätt utbildning ska nå rätt person vid rätt tidpunkt och på rätt plats.

    Skövde i mars 2014

  • 298.
    Österlund, Urban
    et al.
    University of Borås, Sweden.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Effects of Capital Structure, Composition of Managament Team and Performance Among Swedish SME Companies2015Conference paper (Refereed)
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