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  • 251.
    Gabriella, Svärd
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Taube, Hanna
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Lennartsson, Linn
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Influencers marknadsföring: Hur svenska konsumenter påverkas av influencers marknadsföring utifrån ett genus- och åldersperspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Influencers marketing on social media have had a huge breakthrough the last years. Influencers have the possibility to impact consumers by marketing products on social media and give product recommendations. This study aims to increase the understanding how influencers impact swedish consumers through the marketing of fashion clothing through social media. Purpose is also to discuss differences in behavior between gender and age groups. Data from a quantitative survey has been analyzed with diagrams. The theory shows subjects like the content of the marketing, digital marketing, marketing by influencers and factors that impact consumption behavior. The result of the study shows that women are more impacted by influencers marketing on social media than men. That women are influenced, inspired and use discount codes given out by influencers, is clearly showed in the answers in the survey. The result also showed that companies should use influencers in social media but also traditionally marketing for best result.

  • 252.
    Gabro, Saly
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Karlsson, Johanna
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    En obalanserad könsfördelning på ledande befattningar: Rekryteringens centrala roll2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 253.
    Gadolin, Christian
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Att ge oss mer skam räddar inte klimatet2019In: Aftonbladet, ISSN 1103-9000, p. 8-8Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 254.
    Gadolin, Christian
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    ”Att tro att personalbristen är huvudproblemet i vården visar i värsta fall på enfald.”2018In: Sydsvenskan, ISSN 1652-814XArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 255.
    Gadolin, Christian
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Implementation of Lean in Healthcare – Lessons for Policy Makers2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 256.
    Gadolin, Christian
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Implementation of Lean in Healthcare – Problems and Solutions2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 257.
    Gadolin, Christian
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Institutional Logics and Responses to Organizational Change2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 258.
    Gadolin, Christian
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Internal Communication for Change: A Complex Challenge2014In: International Journal of Strategic Change Management, ISSN 1740-2859, E-ISSN 1740-2867, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 175-188Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 259.
    Gadolin, Christian
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Kollegialt ledarskap är viktigt i vården2018In: Dagens Samhälle, ISSN 1652-6511Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 260.
    Gadolin, Christian
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Låt inte ”komplexitet” bli en ursäkt för misslyckande2019In: Dagens Samhälle, ISSN 1652-6511Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 261.
    Gadolin, Christian
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Olika styrningsideal behöver genomsyra och integreras i vården2019In: Skaraborgs Allehanda, ISSN 1403-3739, p. 2-, article id 0314Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Svensk sjukvård präglas av olika synsätt på hur verksamheten ska bedrivas. För att möta dagens och framtidens utmaningar måste chefer och medarbetare hitta större förståelse för varandras perspektiv.

  • 262.
    Gadolin, Christian
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Professional employees’ strategic employment of the managerial logic in healthcare2018In: Qualitative research in organization and management, ISSN 1746-5648, E-ISSN 1746-5656, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 126-143Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyze how physicians and nurses strategicallyemploy the managerial logic.Design/methodology/approach – A qualitative case study incorporating interviews and observations.Findings – Neither physicians nor nurses were prone to strategically employing the managerial logic.However, when doing so nurses were able to acknowledge the legitimacy of managerial impact on practice,whereas the physicians were not. Consequently, physicians might find other, more subtle, ways tostrategically employ the managerial logic.Originality/value – This paper argues for and makes explicit the applicability of qualitative methods inorder to delineate actors’ strategic use of available and accessible institutional logics, the conditions for suchusage, as well as the multiplicity of actors’ interactions that needs to be taken into account when conductingqualitative data analysis of such occurrences. By the merits of the qualitative research approach utilized inthis study, novel insights concerning the strategic use of the managerial logic in the everyday work ofphysicians and nurses were obtainable. These insights emphasize the necessity of acknowledging situational,organizational and institutional context, incorporating inter-professional power discrepancies and relationsvis-à-vis managers.

  • 263.
    Gadolin, Christian
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Regeringen ignorerar folks åsikter om välfärden2018In: Dagen Samhälle, ISSN 1652-6511Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 264.
    Gadolin, Christian
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    The Influence of Policy Makers over Lean Implementations in Healthcare2019In: International Journal of Health Governance, ISSN 2059-4631, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 222-229Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – It is often argued that Lean enables the challenges of contemporary healthcare delivery to be tackled in relation to consistently high-quality care, while utilizing the full potential of available resources. Nevertheless, system-wide implementations of Lean are notoriously difficult and the desired results are often not achieved. Policy makers play a pivotal role in enabling healthcare organizations to enact more precise strategies and frameworks through steering professionals toward both adopting guidelines and becoming more comfortable with Lean as an improvement technique. However, the difficulties in achieving system-wide implementations of Lean indicate their shortcomings in this respect. The purpose of this paper is to outline how these shortcomings may be manifested empirically. Design/methodology/approach – A qualitative content analysis of Swedish counties’ annual reports with regard to how the implementation of Lean is presented and promoted. Findings – The study shows that policy makers have vague and divergent perceptions of what Lean is, and that they often reduce Lean to a means of achieving cost reductions and savings, while relying on the education of managers as the primary factor to ensure implementation. Originality/value – In order for policy makers to facilitate system-wide implementations of Lean, this study indicates that they need to rectify their simplistic perception of Lean while elaborating on why and how Lean should be implemented in healthcare.

  • 265.
    Gadolin, Christian
    University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future. University of Skövde, School of Business.
    The Logics of Healthcare - In Quality Improvement Work2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Quality improvement (QI) has become a cornerstone in contemporary healthcare organizations with the aim of enabling management that facilitates efficiency and effectiveness, while providing a consistent correlation between health spending and indicators of access to and quality of care. However, despite years of reform which have attempted to change healthcare professionals’ practice, traditional professional modes of working remain relatively stable and entrenched. Previous research has highlighted the fact that healthcare professionals’ active involvement in quality improvement work (QIW) is often lacking. Such a lack is often explained by professionals’ scepticism towards management, managers, and organizationally related improvement initiatives.  Yet, there is a shortage of studies which focus on analysis at the level of the actor when studying healthcare professionals’ involvement in QIW.

    This dissertation presents a qualitative case study of the QIW undertaken by a multi-professional diabetes care team. It enables a description and analysis of healthcare professionals’ involvement in QIW at the actor level of analysis. A theoretical framework, consisting of the combination of institutional logics and institutional work, is applied in order to focus on varied and complementary aspects of institutional dynamics while simultaneously emphasizing the embeddedness of actors’ actions and interactions.

    The study shows that healthcare professionals’ identification with and adherence to the professional logic in general impairs their involvement in QIW. Adherence entails perceiving professional judgments and discretion as legitimate in guiding practice and work. However, the study emphasizes that adherence to the professional logic varies amongst professionals representing different professions. This means that healthcare professionals’ acceptance of the bureaucratic control of work as legitimate differs - enabling diverse approaches and practices in QIW. Furthermore, the study illustrates that the physicians’ relative dominance hinders the utilization of multiple perspectives in the multi-professional team. This finding elucidates how dominance and hierarchization of logics enable healthcare professionals’ practice to remain relatively stable, despite managerial attempts to change and alter it. Finally, the study delineates the interactions needed in order to bridge institutional logics at the actor level of analysis. Such interactions are characterized by reciprocal acts of claiming and granting influence that constitute creative/disruptive institutional work, enabling actors to find new approaches to each other and further facilitate healthcare professionals’ involvement in QIW.

  • 266.
    Gadolin, Christian
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Andersson, Thomas
    University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future. University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Healthcare quality improvement work: a professional employee perspective2017In: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, ISSN 0952-6862, E-ISSN 1758-6542, Vol. 30, no 5, p. 410-423Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyze conditions that influence how employees engage in healthcare quality improvement (QI) work.

    Design/methodology/approach

    Qualitative case study based on interviews (n=27) and observations (n=10).

    Findings

    The main conditions that influence how employees engage in healthcare QI work are professions, work structures and working relationships. These conditions can both prevent and facilitate healthcare QI. Professions and work structures may cement existing institutional logics and thus prevent employees from engaging in healthcare QI work. However, attempts to align QI with professional logics, together with work structures that empower employees, can make these conditions increase employee engagement, which can be accomplished through positive working relationships that foster institutional work, which bridge different competing institutional logics, making it possible to overcome barriers that professions and work structures may constitute.

    Practical implications

    Understanding the conditions that influence how employees engage in healthcare QI work will make initiatives more likely to succeed.

    Originality/value

    Healthcare QI has mainly been studied from an implementer perspective, and employees have either been neglected or seen as passive resisters. Weak employee perspectives make healthcare QI research incomplete. In our research, healthcare QI work is studied closely at the actor level to understand healthcare QI from an employee perspective.

  • 267.
    Gadolin, Christian
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Andersson, Thomas
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Hellström, Andreas
    Chalmers Tekniska Högskola.
    Eriksson, Erik
    Chalmers Tekniska Högskola.
    Alternative Value Configuration Models in Healthcare and Its Effect on Professional Fulfillment2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 268.
    Gadolin, Christian
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future. Chalmers tekniska högskola, Sweden.
    Eriksson, Erik
    Chalmers tekniska högskola, Sweden.
    Därför avstår forskarna från offentlig debatt2019In: Göteborgs-Posten, ISSN 1103-9345Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 269.
    Gadolin, Christian
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Eriksson, Erik
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Andersson, Thomas
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future. Chalmers University of Technology.
    Hellström, Andreas
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    'Patient Ping-Pong': Creating Value Through Resource Integration2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 270.
    Gadolin, Christian
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Eriksson, Nomie
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Achieving Change in Professional Organizations: An Institutional Logics Perspective2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 271.
    Gadolin, Christian
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Wikström, Ewa
    School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg.
    Healthcare Teams in Practice – Logistic Flow and Professional Logics2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 272.
    Gadolin, Christian
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Wikström, Ewa
    School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Organising Healthcare with Multi-Professional Teams: Activity Coordination as a Logistical Flow2016In: Offentlig Förvaltning. Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 2000-8058, E-ISSN 2001-3310, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 53-72Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Multi-professional teams are now common when organising healthcare. Such teams areconsidered to resolve fragmentation issues amongst units and their functions, facilitateefficient and high quality care and are also deemed to enable different professions to meetand exchange experience and knowledge. The expected consequence is superior decisionsand improved care. However, research suggests that the deployment of multi-professionalteams within healthcare organisations is problematic with regard to knowledge sharingand integration between different professional groups. While often recognised, the reasonfor this shortcoming has rarely been explored in depth. This study consequently elaborateson the factors hindering knowledge sharing through illustrating and discussing thelogics of different professional groups and the ensuing consequences when multiprofessionalteams interact. The finding is that the teams are being utilised by the medicalprofessions in accordance with their professional logic. This results in the coordination ofactivities, incorporating the patient flow logistics amongst the different professions; makingthe impact of multi-professional teams concrete in practice and illustrating their potentialpositive outcomes for professionals and patients, even though they are not operatingas forums for overt knowledge integration for the different professions.

  • 273.
    Gadzo, Adam
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Gecaj, Ardian
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Kapacitet och kapacitesplanering i ett kundorderstyrt företag: En fallstudie vid Lindab AB i Götene2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of the report was to achieve a greater understanding over which factors have an impact on capacity planning as well as the methods available regarding capacity planning. Along this, three questions were formulated that the study intends to answer:

    1. Which methods within capacity planning can be applied in a customer-managed company?
    2. What distinguishes a capacity planning in a customer-managed company?
    3. How can capacity planning be improved in the business case based on the current situation?

    Method: In order to answer the questions and fulfil the purpose of the study, it was decided to conduct a case study at Lindab Götene AB in Götene. The first question is answered by identifying relevant theory about capacity planning and comparing them with empiric materials. The second question is answered with the help of the empirics where a current situation analysis has been conducted that gives an insight into the case company and the information on how capacity planning is applied in the case study. The theoretical and empirical material are analysed as well. The third question is answered on the basis from the analysis and collection of empirical material in the current situation description to identify what can be improved regarding capacity planning in a customer-ordered business. The empirical data consisted of interviews, documentary studies and observations.

    Conclusion: Today the capacity plan is created for the whole company as one unit, the authors are suggesting that the business case applies the method capacity bills which makes it possible to plan capacity for each division. Thus, creating a better chance of understanding the current situation in the production. Further recommendations are such as conducting time studies to ensure that correct operational times are available which capacity planning is based on, this for not under- or overestimate the need of capacity. Follow-up and feedback should be done to see how the current situation of the production is against the production plan, also to create a ground for potential improvements that can occur. Creating routines and making sure that they are followed.

  • 274.
    Gega, Antoneta
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Vad är anledning till att det framkommer konflikter mellan arbetsgivaren och arbetstagaren och hur undviker man dessa?2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work is about the internal of the company. What consumers can't see. The work is about why there are conflicts in the company and how to avoid them? I have used a quantitative method in the form of a survey. Where I interviewed school staff who worked in different schools. I have also done a similar survey in a store. To be able to compare these even better, I have also interviewed a bus driver in the form of a quality method. I have used "Business Research Methods" to more easily see which methods suited my subject best.

    I distributed the questionnaire to both men and women. In ages between 20-30 years, 30-50 years and over 50 years. I chose to make the comparison between different professions to see similarities and differences. The reason why I shared the questionnaire for different ages was because I wanted to see if the age played a role in how they feel and think. efore I investigated this, I thought that the age does not play a major role but the study showed something else.

    I understood that people think differently depending on the age and the profession. Thanks to the methods I used to apply, I will be able to continue my work more easily and get an overview of how employees work at their work.

  • 275.
    Gerrbo Palokangas, Linn
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Storytelling i Hotellindustrin: Små hotell berättar säregna historier2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a consumer society where we are looking for products and experiences that represent our interests, our identity and our way of life, brand-positioning and differentiation become important for companies who want to stand out. Products may reflect the way we live, how we see ourselves, our values ​​and our feelings. We express our lifestyles and identity through our selection of products. The changing hotel-consumption shows that we are now seeking an extra ordinary experience, not just an overnight stay. Hotels and other companies in the experience industry can choose to differentiate themselves through the use of storytelling as a marketing tool. Storytelling is a marketing strategy that involves delivering a message through a story instead presenting facts or statistics. Storytelling can create a myth around the product, creating expectations for the experience or enhance a unique concept. Researchers discover that storytelling becomes more and more common as the marketing strategy for brand positioning. Two small hotels that have chosen to use storytelling to enhance their concept is Hotell Gästis in Varberg and Stenkullen outside of Norrköping. These hotels are well known, well published and run by odd owners whose eccentric personalities and unusual interests represent their concepts. This paper presents how these hotelowners proceed to use stories to get the concepts to seem more interesting and exciting. Another thing that unites these hotelowners is that they are skeptic to marketing strategies and none of them have academic training in business management. According to some researchers, strategies for differentiation is essential for a company's survival. How does these hotels survive in a highly competitive market? Do they succeed to differentiate themselves and create strong brands without tailored strategies but with a good story?

  • 276.
    Ghorashi, Seyedeh Sedigheh
    et al.
    The International Journal of Tarrah Research Department, Iran.
    Hooshyar Yousefi, Bahram
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Regeneration and local economy: Toward an innovative urban contribution model2019In: The International Journal of Tarrah (The Designer), ISSN 2008-9538, Vol. 5, no 14, p. 100-108Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The main objective of the current study is to proceed toward the potential of innovative regeneration derived from the local economy in Odlajan (a neighborhood in the historical district of Tehran, 12th municipal). In three steps we have addressed the subject; the first step consists of the concept of urban regeneration and the characteristics of the innovative economy associated with three basic categories (people, business and place). In the next feature, we have examined the objections of that the current status of the selected site; the unsustainable development, reduction of the sense of belonging, and un-sustainable regeneration. The third step, e have tried to define a prospect conceptual model based on innovative urban contribution including aforementioned aspects by short-term measures and long-term strategies.

  • 277.
    Ghorashi, Seyedeh Sedigheh
    et al.
    The International Journal of Tarrah Research Department, Iran.
    Hooshyar Yousefi, Bahram
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Toward a Tactical “Urbanpreneur”2019In: The International Journal of Tarrah (The Designer), ISSN 2008-9538, Vol. 5, no 14, p. 10-19Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Looking at the city in parts, the place theory can be recognized in the term of three main axes; good city form, sequential movement, and the mutual impact of every physical and social component. In the place theory the main focus is the understanding process of the cultural aspects and human characteristics of the places. Some areas experience mutual interaction between city and citizens more than others. It is evidently considerable from literature that the most successful examples toward space enhancement (or the transformation of space to place) have come from two approaches: Urban entrepreneurship (urban-preneur) and the small changes which result in big social impact; a sense of the tactical action. These two approaches, Tactical Urbanism as an effective formula for putting good ideas into practice, and “Urban-preneurs” while embed in their socio--ecological environments -cities and towns- to draw influence are about making the place (for citizens) toward a more interacting liv- able one. This report is dedicated to clarifying the question of how street city life might contribute to alternative urban futures focusing on the mentioned two approaches. To this purpose first, we describe the notions of Tactical Urbanism and Urban Entrepreneur main characteristics associated with aforementioned approaches, then the report continues with the concept of Sharing Economy and urban entrepreneurship term, which focuses on recent decades economy approaches. Next, the current scene in two selected case studies, 30Tir Street in Tehran and pedestrian street zone Rasht city in Gilan province has been investigated. As the third part, we have demonstrated a path to open a wide dispensary to some possible tactical “Urban-preneur” in selected case studies.

  • 278.
    Gilbertsson, Filip
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Organisationsstruktur inom Handelsbanken och SEB: En studie om organisationsstruktur, chefsskap och skillnader/likheter mellan bankerna2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The banking industry in Sweden is an industry that operates under strict regulations and a competitive market. Two of the major players in the banking industry in Sweden are Handelsbanken and SEB. The study deals with how these two actors relate to structure, the study will treat this as centralization and decentralization. The study also deals with the manager's work and decision making. The purpose of the study is to describe and analyze similarities and differences in the structure and in the work of managers in Handelsbanken and SEB. The study specifically aims at studying how the structural contexts of decentralization and centralization create the conditions for managers' work in an industry with strong regulation and fierce competition. The study questions are:How can differences and similarities between Handelsbanken and SEB's organizational structures be described with focus on the concepts of decentralization and centralization?How can managers' work in Handelsbanken and SEB be described and how do managers perceive their decision-making and mandate? The study is done as a comparative case study where Handelsbanken and SEB have been compared on these points. As a result, the organizational structure could be described as a long-term growth in both companies, Handelsbanken as more decentralized and SEB as more centralized. The managers' work is different so that they face different demands. The work that managers in Handelsbanken face is more administrative, and there they can spend more time, but they still see their work as free. The managers of SEB describe their work as strictly and controlled, they feel pressure from above to perform. Banking decisions differ to a lesser extent, the managers at Handelsbanken consider themselves more decision-making than SEB, especially that they can make faster decisions than the managers at SEB say they can.

  • 279.
    Gill-McLure, Whyeda
    et al.
    Management Research Centre, Wolverhampton Business School, University of Wolverhampton, Wolverhampton, United Kingdom.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Reconstructing resistance and renewal in public service unionism in the twenty-first century: lessons from a century of war and peace2018In: Labor history, ISSN 0023-656X, E-ISSN 1469-9702, Vol. 59, no 1, p. 3-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This special issue uses the occasion of the centenary of the Whitley Commission Reports to illuminate the contemporary crisis in public service industrial relations from a historical perspective. In all six countries studiedBritain, France, Germany, Italy, Sweden and the USApublic service employment is labour intensive and quantitatively significant in the overall economy. Public services have also been major targets of neoliberal reforms, starting in the UK and the USA at the turn of the 1980s and in the other countries about a decade later. In addition, the relatively high union density and the political dimension of public services and public union strategies have been major targets of new public management and more latterly austerity. However, the regressive period has had a differential impact in different countries. In the liberal market economies of the UK and the USA, the neoliberal turn has destabilised traditional patterns of public sector industrial relations to greatest effect. While in the more coordinated market economies, traditional arrangements and values have been more resistant to austerity and neoliberal reforms. We attempt to shed light on these differential impacts through a critical analysis of the historical evolution of public sector industrial relations in each country.

  • 280.
    Gothin, Edwin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Östensson, Mathilda
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Introduktion av bemanningsanställda i arbetet - hur kan den bli lyckad?: En fallstudie med fokus på kunskapsöverföring och gemenskap vid introduktion2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background and problem: An introduction to a workplace gives the first impression of the situation. The introduction includes activities and processes required to be able to fulfill the work (Arbetsmiljöverket, 2018), but also the acquisition of the social knowledge and skills required in the work (Benzinger, 2016). A former study made by Arbetsmiljöverket (2018) shows that organizations have inadequate introductions for temporary workers. Previous studies have been focused on the shortcomings of temporary workers work situation at organizations. The studies have shown that there are inadequate safety briefings, work security, development opportunities and social support for temporary workers.

    Aim and method: The purpose of this study was to examine how the transfer of knowledge and fellowship can influence the introduction for temporary workers. The study is based on Knowledge Management, Knowledge Sharing, “medarbetarskapshjulet” and introduction curves. These theories have served as perspectives for answering the study’s problem formulation. A case study were conducted with one company in the building material industry. A total of eight semi-structured interviews were conducted with temporary workers, introduction managers and production managers. The respondents have practical experience of how the introduction is carried out at the case company. In addition to the interviews, observations have been carried out and the company's introduction plan has been reviewed, which provided a broader empirical basis for this study.

    Results and conclusions: The empirical material resulted in that a developed introduction plan to a workplace facilitated the process of learning the work and getting into the group. The introduction plan clarified who does what and what knowledge that is required, which created both clarity and security for all parties. An introductory manager created a sense ofsocial support and makes it easier to get into the working group.

  • 281.
    Grandin, Moa
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Krona, Robin
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Det psykologiska kontraktets inverkan på personalomsättning: En jämförande studie av soldater och sjuksköterskor2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Public organizations often have limited opportunities to use financial rewards as motivational efforts. Due to the lack of financial rewards in the public sector the study is treating theories and previous studies that focuses on non-monetary motivators. This means that the study focuses on the social factors that are included in the theory of psychological contract. The psychological contract includes the expectations that employers and employees have towards each other. When the parties fail to fulfill the social factors in the psychological contract it is called a psychological contract breach. A psychological contract breach is often accompanied by low job satisfaction and could increase employees' tendencies to terminate their employment. The object of the study is that from an employee perspective describe, compare and analyze how social factors can affect labour turnover among soldiers and nurses. The social factors studied has been commitment, rewards, and employee influence. The study results showed that the social factor that has the greatest impact on employee’s tendencies to terminate their jobs are rewards in the form of development and career opportunities. Commitment and employee influence was found to influence employee’s job satisfaction but not their tendency to terminate their employment. The practical study results can be used by employers to understand how it is possible to keep employees by discussing what expectations employees have, and which of these expectations that matters the most regarding their tendencies to terminate their employment.

  • 282.
    Greijer, Jonna
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Sillrén, Frida
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Samarbeten vid outsourcing av logistiska funktioner: En kvalitativ intervjustudie av samarbeten inom svenska företag som outsourcar sin distribution2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Within companies, a variety of logistic activities take place. This may include purchasing raw materials, production, material handling, warehousing or distribution of goods to customers. Producing companies must take a stand on several different alternative logistics solutions to carry out these activities. One of the options that companies can use is outsourcing. Companies can, in addition to carrying out activities within the company, also choose to take the decision to outsource, which means that some of their activities are transferred to external parties who are assigned a certain responsibility. Outsourcing can take place in varying degrees and be designed in different ways. When a company chooses to outsource one or more logistics functions, a partnership arises between the company that is outsourcing and the company that offers the service.

    The purpose of the report is to develop a deeper understanding of how the collaboration can look between a producing company that outsources parts of its distribution and the company that offers the service. The intention of the study is to make a comparison between what the literature and what Swedish companies indicate and then conduct an analysis. The interview study conducted will show how collaboration is formed between the interviewed companies and their outsourcing suppliers in order to be able to describe what types of collaborations can be designed in these types of outsourcing relationships.

    The result of the report indicates that companies that outsource base their choice of supplier on financial stability, that the supplier has the right equipment and capacity, special knowledge of the goods that will be distributed, sustainability, cost, quality requirements (delivery reliability) and the reputation of the supplier.

    The most common cooperation is that of arm's length distance/ cost stage. There are also collaborations in the form of partnerships at the basic level and the semi-developed partnership/ resource stage. There is also a fully developed partnership/ partnership stage, the joint ventures/ partnership stage and vertical integration, but these cannot be achieved when outsourcing only transport and/or warehouse functions.

    Factors that enables a successful collaboration are clearly designed contracts, clear and open communication, building partnerships, clear measures, and continuous evaluation of vendor performance.

  • 283.
    Grimsdottir, Elsa
    et al.
    Univ Iceland, Sch Business, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Edvardsson, Ingi-Runar
    Univ Iceland, Sch Business, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Durst, Susanne
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Knowledge creation in knowledge-intensive small and medium-sized enterprises2019In: International Journal of Knowledge-Based Development, ISSN 2040-4468, E-ISSN 2040-4476, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 75-94Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper presents insights into the knowledge creation process in three Icelandic knowledge-intensive small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Data were obtained through a case study methodology. The findings indicate that the three knowledge-intensive companies use complex, non-routine knowledge to deal with complex problems. Often, practical problems are a starting point for new ideas and knowledge development. Brainstorming, collaboration, teamwork, informal and formal gathering and other knowledge creation activities are used in the knowledge creating process. The companies showed many characteristics of SMEs with little formal structure and strategies. The subject of knowledge creation has received little attention in the literature. Thus, the study responds to this situation by giving insights into the knowledge creation processes in knowledge-intensive SMEs.

  • 284.
    Groening, Johan
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Johansson, Linn
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Hur småföretag stärker sin konkurrenskraft: En kvalitativ studie på bygg- och anläggningsbranschen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Small businesses constitute the economic engine which affects nations’ development. That is why they continuously need support to further encourage the development of countries. 99 % of all the construction companies are today small businesses and due to the industry’s high sensitivity to economic fluctuation, low entry barriers and intense competition there is a high business failure rate. This leads to a demand of strategic research that can be applied on their special characteristics, flexibility and small scaled. Strategic research has throughout the history had a different focus in explaining businesses competitiveness. Today, research is more directed towards an internal perspective whereas the resource-based theory is the most used. As the external environment is constantly changing and customers’ preferences are volatile the external perspective cannot form a secure foundation to use in the understanding of business competitiveness.  The purpose of this study is from a resource-based view increase the understanding of how competitiveness in small businesses in the construction industry can be strengthened. This by identifying key resources and study how these are renewed, applied and developed. To answer the purpose of the study, a qualitative study has been used whereas the primary data collection consists of five semi-structured interviews. Two businesses where chosen by a purposive sampling. The criteria’s where that the businesses would be classified as small businesses and be leaders of the market.  Based on the study it can be established that it is not sufficient to only analyze the resourcebased theory in order to understand how small businesses in the construction industry strengthen their competitiveness. The research businesses highlighted the importance of their external customer relations. The customer relationships had a direct connection to the businesses competitiveness in terms of contracts and reputation. Only analyzing the internal perspective would have resulted in an inadequate analyze of these resources impact on competitiveness. Thus, the relational view was added to the study after analyze of the gathered data. Through these two perspectives it was noted that small construction businesses competitiveness strengthens through embedded relationships with their customers and employees while at the same time renewing, applying and developing heterogenic resources. Through this, a competitive advantage can be created.

  • 285.
    Grönberg, Josefine
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Ågren, Ann-Christine
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Mindre ideella organisationers redovisningsprocess2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Small non-profit organisation’s play a central role in the economy and are a part of the growing non-profit sector. Therefore a greater concern has emerged when it comes to the small non-profit organisations accounting. There is no specific law set up for small non-profit organisations and they are not obliged to set up a separate accounting, which means that there is no established accounting-process for these organisations.

     

    Framing of question: What does the accounting-process for smaller non-profit organisations look like and what affects it?

     

    Purpose: There are generally few studies that focuses on accounting in non-profit organisations and when it comes to smaller ones no previous studies has been found. This study therefore aims to highlight the area. The study also aims to contribute with knowledge by describing the process that is being implemented when the accounting is being established and examining what affects this process.

     

    Method: To achieve the purpose of this study a qualitative method has been used. The data was gathered through four semi-structured interviews. The respondents are responsible for the accounting within their respective smaller non-profit organisations. Through a strategic selection, nine respondents were asked but only four of them had the opportunity to participate in our study.

     

    Result & Conclusion: The accounting-process does not look the same within every small non-profit organisation, though they follow a process and have prepared routines for how the work should be performed. The nonprofit purpose entails that the involvement of the auditor becomes a significant cost issue where balance regarding benefit and cost is considered. Though, they rather choose to hire a professionally knowledgeable person than risk making mistakes. Every step is carried out carefully to establish a report of good quality which shows the members how the money has been used and to meet the norms and values of society.

  • 286.
    Gunnarsson, Emelie
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Nordmark, Sofie
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Hållbarhetsredovisning inom svenska börsnoterade företag: Med fokus på intressentdialogen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Corporate stakeholders place increasingly high demands on companies regarding the sustainability work, where the environmental, social and economic aspects are at the center. In order for companies to demonstrate that they are in charge of the sustainability work, companies establish a sustainability report, primarily using Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) guidelines. In GRI one of the principles is stakeholder inclusiveness, which means that companies should engage in dialogue with stakeholders in order to gain access to stakeholders' views, and thereby contribute to a more useful and credible sustainability report. Based on the company's stakeholder dialogue and what previous research deal with within the subject, the study has explained how Swedish listed companies identify, prioritize and involve stakeholders in the sustainability report, as well as how companies' stakeholders influence the sustainability reports.

     

    In order to fulfill the purpose of the study and answer its problem formulations, the study has been conducted using a qualitative method, in the form of interviews, in which seven Swedish listed companies have been interviewed, who are using GRI guidelines when they are establishing the sustainability reports. The results of the study show that the surveyed Swedish listed companies identify and prioritize stakeholders, where the identified stakeholders are the stakeholders that affect or are influenced by the companies. Priority stakeholders are, according to the companies surveyed, considered to be those that increasingly influence or are increasingly affected by business activities. The stakeholders will also be involved in the surveyed Swedish listed companies, through different dialogue methods depending on which stakeholder group it concerns. Finally, the study shows that stakeholders of the Swedish listed companies surveyed also in some way affect the companies' sustainability reports, where it can be seen that some stakeholders have more influence than others.

  • 287.
    Gunnarsson, Jenny
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Slivo, Maria
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Konsumentbeteende online: En analys av spelkonsumenters reaktioner och beteende på nätet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem background: The online gaming industry has exploded and the number of consumers who play casino games has increased markedly in recent decades. In Sweden, the state has a monopoly on the gambling market and is not allowed to market casino games. But the foreign gambling companies make use of this by sending their advertisements via channels from other countries.

    Research Questions:- What are the reactions of Swedish gambling consumers to gambling companies marketing?- What determines when Swedish gambling consumers choose to gamble online?- What are the consequences that may arise for the gambling consumers owing to the gambling companies marketing?

    Purpose: The general purpose of this study is to contribute a distinct view over how Swedish gamblers react and experience the marketing of gambling companies. The sub-purpose is to find out what it is that makes the gambling-consumers to use these services as well as the consequences that may arise from the gaming company's marketing.

    Method: In this study, we have applied a quantitative network approach by creating an online survey and an online experiment.

    Empirics: The online survey and experiment gave us a total of 119 responses. 88 responses on the survey and 31 responses on the experiment. Online availability was enticing among the gambling consumers, being able to play at any time. According to the consumers they gamble for the excitement of it and to win money. There were also gambling consumers who stated that they are professional poker players and that poker is their only source of income.

    Conclusion: Even though consumers believe the gambling commercials are misleading and frustrating they still feel the urge to gamble online. This is most likely because the companies show off with a glamorous fantasy world of winning money in their commercials. The gamblers are relatively easy influenced by the commercials which are the main reason why gamblers end up with gambling issues/addictions.

  • 288.
    Gunnarsson, Matilda
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Lindén, Maria
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Mitt framtida arbetsliv: En hermeneutisk förståelse för generation Y:s syn på inre och yttre belöning och dess koppling till arbetstrivsel2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The behaviour of Generation Y in the labor market has been described in several different ways, one of the recurrent descriptions is that they often change jobs. There are also previous research about how job satisfaction can counteract turnover and amongst other things the impact of rewards are mentioned within this research context. The purpose of our study is to attain a growth of hermeneutic understanding about the future work life of Generation Y and their reasoning about intrinsic and extrinsic rewards. Lawler and Porters (1967) theory of motivation deals with topics like rewards and job satisfaction and links these to phenomenon such as turnover. They, as well as much other organizational research, have a functionalist, quantitative point of view while dealing with problems related to business economics. Semi-structured interviews have been conducted and later interpreted through the application of a hermeneutic spiral. Based on this interpretation process we have reached the conclusion that relations and development possibilities can be linked, bothdirect and indirect, to job satisfaction and that they play a central role in Generation Y’sfuture work life and that these elements also influence intentions to stay at or leave a job. Furthermore our study shows that job change is a phenomenon surrounded by norms that Generation Y has to relate to. Our study contributes to a more holistic understanding of Generation Y and can give organizations a raised awareness about norms related to job change and hopefully lead to an extended understanding about the work force of today and tomorrow.

  • 289.
    Gustafsson, Alexandra
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Edling Wilhelmsson, Sofia
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Även en ensamvarg behöver sin flock: En kvalitativ studie om enhetschefer inom äldreomsorgens upplevelse av socialt stöd2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The background to this study is the increase of psychosocial illness in Sweden, where stress is a major factor. Stress occurs when there is an imbalance between the individual's resources and perceived requirements. At high workloads, social support can be critical to how individuals handles the requirements, however access to this social support is often a shortcoming. Research has previously focused on analysis and improvement of subordinates working environment, despite the fact that the well-being of the managers is central to creating wellfunctioning and sustainable workplaces. A particular and exposed occupational group is head of elderly care unit's and previous studies show that the majority experience negative health effects such as palpitation, sleep problems and high blood pressure. This leads to the following problem that is set for the study: How can head of elderly care unit's experience of social support be understood and what is the effect on maintaining a sustainable working life?

    The purpose of this study is to examine head of elderly care unit's experience of work-related social support. To examine this, head of elderly care unit's access to and need for social support as well as the relationship with the span of control, will be studied. The present study has a qualitative approach and the results have been collected through ten semi-structured interviews with head of elderly care unit's.

    The empirical study shows that respondents are experiencing an strained workload which leads to an additional need for practical support. Regarding emotional support there are shared opinions, as half of respondents do not consider themselves in a greater need of this support. In addition, respondents find that a major factor in time shortage is not related to the span of control. Factors mentioned instead are a fragmented area of business, side assignments and the independence of the working group.

    The empirical study also shows that important concepts regarding social support and sustainable working life are physical closeness and time. Social support is required in the near future to perceived needs and distance determines what sources to address for support. The conclusion of the study shows that the experience of social support is critical for head of elderly care unit's to maintain a sustainable working life. Furthermore, knowing that the support is available is crucial rather than using the actual support.

  • 290.
    Gustafsson, Emma
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Chochaev, Khizri
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Användandet av kalkyler vid investeringsbeslut i små till medelstora fastighetsbolag2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In this study, we have chosen to investigate how small to medium sized real estate companies uses investment appraisal methods when making investment decisions. Real estate is an important engine for the economic development and prosperity. With a real estate industry that can ensure that there are business and residential premises, right located, and at the right volume also provides potential for the companies in the country to develop. An investment involves a resourcesacrifice now, in order to generate future profits. Theorists advocate the advanced methods for the assessment of future surpluses. Several studies show, however, that small to medium sized businesses do not use the methods theorists advocate. According to the studies, companies devoid resources and knowledge to be able to use the advanced methods. Furthermore, some studies show that decisionmakers choose to rely on their gut feel and experience more than the established investment appraisal methods. In order for real estate companies to be competitive, they are required to make wise investment decisions. This makes it interesting to study what real estate companies base their investment decisions on.

    Problem definition:  

    Which factors determine the choice of investment appraisal methods of small to medium sized real estate companies?

    How do the companies use the investment appraisal methods in investment decisions? 

    What role does the investment appraisal methods have as a basis for investment decisions in these companies, in relation to other factors?

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to create an understanding of how investment appraisal methods are used in small to medium sized real estate companies in practice, why they chose those methods and how these methods in relation to other factors influence investment decisions.

    Method: We have decided to conduct a qualitative study where we go in depth on investment appraisal methods and its role in investment decisions, in seven unlisted small to medium sized real estate companies. To not prevent alternative ideas and approaches, we conducted semi-structured interviews. The interviews were recorded, transcribed and coded. When in doubt, we made contact with the respondents. We then analyzed our empirical observations based on our theoretical framework.

    Conclusion: The internal rate of return method is the most common investment appraisal method  when making investment decisions among the interviewed real estate companies regardless of ownership structure. Family-owned companies tend to simplify the internal rate of return method by not calculating the present value of net operating income, in order to accelerate decision-making. Our study also show that other non-financial factors such as gut feel and experience are the crucial factors in investment decisions.

  • 291.
    Gustafsson, Jenny
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Jonsson, Sara
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Yngre medarbetares arbetsmotivation: En kvalitativ studie om vad yngre medarbetare motiveras av i svensk detaljhandel.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem: A large part of the Swedish retail sector consists of young employees in the age of 16-24 years. According to the Central Bureau of Statistics (SCB) (2013), this age-group represents approximately 42,3 % of the total number of employees in the Swedish retail sector. Employees in the Swedish retail sector is an important resource, therefore it is of great importance to study what motivates them in their work. The majority of previous research has focused on work motivation in general, and not on this age-group in the Swedish retail sector. Therefore the need for this study.

     

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to create and contribute to an understanding of what motivates young employees in the age of 16-24 years in their line of work. This purpose of this study is also to investigate how their work performance may affect the business when they are either motivated or non-motivated. Based on the resultat of this study, recommendations have been formulated which can be useful for store managers.

     

    Method: This study is a qualitative research with quantitative elements. Twelve semi-structured interviews have been conducted, where each respondent had to answer a small questionnaire. The sample respondents consist of six young employees and six store managers in order, to get various perspectives on young employees’ work-motivation.

     

    Result: According to young employees and store managers, the relationship with managers and colleagues, as well as appreciation and encouragement are important factors that have a major impact on younger employees’ motivation at work. Employees also value the salary and job security as the most important factors for work motivation, which store managers do not value as much. Employees' work performance is affected significantly when they are motivated compared to when they are non-motivated. For instance, that can affect the business’s sales and customers.

  • 292.
    Gustavsson, Martin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Malm, Mikael
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Bankers förtroende: En studie om hur banker bygger förtroende mot stora företagskunder2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background and problem: The background of the study concerns the prevailing low degree of trust in the banking industry. Banks have historically, during different crisis, lost the trust from the general public since banks have been involved in these crises. Trust is vital in the banking industry and is a prerequisite in maintaining a stable financial system. It is therefore an issue that the trust in banks is currently record low. Therefore, the problem investigated is how banks build trust in their work.

    Purpose and method: The study aims to explain how banks build trust towards large corporate customers. The explicit contribution from this study is to complete studies that focus on the customers’ perspective with an analysis from the perspective of bankers. Our study was executed with a qualitative method and with semi-structured interviews with bankers from several banks in Sweden.

    Empiricism: The empirical result has shown that banks have several working routines in common in building trust. The result indicated that the working routines of banks were divided into four main areas that are, competence, integrity, benevolence and transparency. Banks work with these main areas to build trust toward their corporate customers.

    Analysis: The analysis showed several similarities of how banks work in building trust. These similarities have enabled to answer the purpose and the background of the study.

    Conclusion: The main conclusion in the study is that transparency impregnates the working routines of how banks build trust towards their large corporate customers. This indicates that banks focus on being clear and open in their interaction with corporate customers to win their trust.

  • 293.
    Gustavsson, Max
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Jörnevik, Viktor
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Den nya intäktsredovisningen IFRS 15: Hur påverkas svenska börsnoterade företags lönsamhetsnyckeltal av IFRS 15?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract 

    Background and problem discussion: Revenues has been an important financial measure in financial reports. During the last decades the revenue accounting has been problematic and some remarkable incidents have occurred. The 1 January 2018 entered the new revenue recognition standard IFRS 15. Transition into IFRS 15 has been expected to have varying results for the companies. 

    Purpose: The purpose with this study was to review how IFRS 15 affected profitability ratios for companies listed on the Stockholm exchange. The study also intended to discuss how the relationship between companies and investors was affected by a new revenue standard within IFRS. 

    Method: This study has been based on a quantitative approach when the empirical data was collected. The data were collected mainly from the selected companies annual reports for the fiscal year 2017. To measure the effect of adaption to IFRS 15 for the companies, the key ratios were chosen for gross margin and operating margin. 

    Result: In this study 18 of a total of 225 companies got a percentage effect on the selected key ratios. Where 16 of these companies got an effect on gross margin and 16 on operating margin. The hypotheses that was created and tested in the study did not show any statistic significant difference on the key ratios.

  • 294.
    Gustavsson, Mikael
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Lundström, Oscar
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Strategier vid rekrytering av nyckelroller inom små- och medelstora företag2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) are today the engine of the European economy and today account for 9 out of 10 companies. SMEs are dependent on their key roles being held by competent staff so that the company can continue to develop. In order to succeed in recruiting people with the required skills, it is required that the company uses different strategies. An interaction between HR and marketing can lead to the implementation of successful strategies for hiring a key role for SMEs. Purpose: The purpose of the work is to investigate how small and medium sized companies proceed when recruiting key roles and whether they use some of the previously mentioned strategies. The result of the work will be interesting for small and medium-sized companies as they can use the results as guidelines during a recruitment process of a key role. Method: The authors of the study have chosen to start from a deductive method. The empirical study was carried out in the form of a qualitative study in which the authors of the study interviewed six companies. Result/Conclusion: The authors of the study found that there were really two main strategies for recruiting key roles of the interviewed companies. Outsourcing was one while the other strategy was quite fuzzy. Everyone picked parts from the market mix, mainly when it came to advertising, but the approach seemed to have more to do with the individual who had the role of responsible for recruitment. Some tried only by advertising via social media and industry magazines, etc. while others had their own social contact networks which they headhunted within. The authors of the study conclude that when it comes to small and medium-sized companies, the HR department is usually not so extensive and new recruits for key roles are less frequent.

  • 295.
    Gustavsson, Susanne M. K.
    et al.
    Department of Quality and Patient safety, Skaraborg’s Hospital, Sweden / Centre for Healthcare Improvement, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Andersson, Thomas
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Patient involvement 2.0: Experience-based co-design supported by action research2017In: Action Research, ISSN 1476-7503, E-ISSN 1741-2617Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Strong professionals who influence the development of healthcare services have dominated healthcare organizations for many years. However, this dominance has been challenged recently through patient involvement. One method of achieving patient involvement is experience-based co-design (EBCD), in which patients and healthcare professionals work together to improve care. Patient involvement has considerable potential, but also presents certain challenges. This article addresses these challenges using experiences from patients and healthcare professionals who participated in two action research (AR) projects that aimed to improve patient experienced quality using EBCD. The paper shows that patient involvement in quality improvements challenge the traditional roles of professionals and patients. The role as codesigner embraces new perspectives for healthcare professionals that force them to step out of their comfort zone. Accordingly, healthcare professionals are able to view patients as equal partners in improvement work. Reflecting dialogues offered eye-opening stories for patients and healthcare professionals that enabled them to construct a common picture of care. This study contributes to earlier research that argues that an AR approach can strengthen important values for EBCD projects. The findings show that the combination of EBCD and AR is a promising approach to address the challenges of patient involvement in healthcare improvement.

  • 296.
    Gutö, Jonas
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Malmgren, Mattias
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Vad gör vissa medarbetare mer benägna att sluta än andra?: En studie om hur medarbetares organisationsidentifikation och yrkesstatus påverkar deras intentioner att lämna sin organisation.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Loyalty towards the employer has been considered a merit in the past. In today'slabor, loyalty may instead be regarded as a burden on the loyal employee because he/she often gets lower wage and gets less attractive on the labor market than those who change jobs every once in a while. This may cause problems within the organizations, such as a high employee turnover where individuals leave their jobs in a faster pace than the organizations expect. This places high demands on organizations to work strategically with their Human Resources Department to recruit the right staff and retaining them in the organization. The purpose of this study was to examine why some individuals are more likely to leave their organizationsthan others. This was accomplished through measuring the variables organizational identification, perceived occupational status and its correlation with the intention to leave their organization. A quantitative survey was conducted in collaboration with the Swedish Armed Forces. The respondents consisted of professional soldiers from Skaraborgs regiment serving in the 42nd mechanized battalion. The results showed significant negative correlations between organizational identification and intention to leave their organization (β=-.39,p=<.001), and perceived occupational status and intention to leave their organization (β =-.35,p=<.001). Organizational identification also had a significant positive association with perceived occupational status (β=.34, p=<.001). The results indicate that organizational identification affects not only the intention to leave their organization, which also has been shown by previous studies, but also employees' perceived occupational status. This provides incentives for organizations to work actively to increase their employees' organizational identification if the employee’s perceive a low occupational status and if the turnover rates are high.

  • 297.
    Hadzic, Benjamin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Valdes Soto, Cristian
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Employer Branding: En jämförande studie kring fem organisationers employer bradning-arbete i Sverige2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Titel: Employer branding – En jämförande studie kring fem organisationers employer bradning-arbete i Sverige.        

    Avdelning: Institutionen för handel och företagande, Högskolan i Skövde

    Författare: Hadzic, Benjamin & Valdes Soto, Cristian

    Handledare: Christer Thörnqvist

    Sidor: 1-78

    Datum: 2015-05-22

    Ämnesord: Employer branding, arbetsgivarvarumärke, organizational commitment, organisationsidentitet, organisationskultur

    Bakgrund: Employer branding har varit på frammarsch under senare år då arbetskraftens preferenser till stora delar har förändrats tillsammans med en allt hårdare konkurrens mellan olika arbetsgivare om humankapitalet vilket har gjort att organisationer satsar allt mer resurser på att bygga ett starkt arbetsgivarvarumärke.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att bidra till en djupare förståelse kring hur man kan skapa ett organisatoriskt engagemang genom att använda sig av arbetssättet employer branding, samt att bidra med nya insikter kring olika faktorer som kan ha en påverkan på det organisatoriska engagemanget.

    Metod: Forskningsmetoden som studien är baserad på är kvalitativ, forskningsprocessen är deduktiv och datainsamlingsmetoden utgörs av semistrukturerade intervjuer med respondenter från de olika organisationerna.

    Slutsats: Aktiviteter, organisationskultur och en tydlig varumärkeskommunikation är tre olika faktorer vilka enligt organisationerna i vår studie kan ha en påverkan på det organisatoriska engagemanget.

  • 298.
    Hagborg Oltmans, Isabel
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Kylmämaa, Helena
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Småföretagares användning av redovisningsinformation i beslutsfattandet: En kvalitativ studie av fem svenska småföretag2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Samtliga aktiebolag i Sverige har bokföringsskyldighet. Det har dock visat sig den information som redovisningen ger inte har utnyttjats i den utsträckning som det finns möjlighet till. Många småföretagare har inte sett vilken användning de kan ha av den till vid beslutfattande. De använder den endast för att se hur mycket likvida medel det finns i företaget. En anledning till att den inte används kan vara bristen på utbildning eller annan ekonomisk kompetens.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att undersöka om småföretagare använder sig av redovisningsinformationen i beslutsfattandet och omekonomisk utbildning eller annan liknande kunskap har någon betydelse för användandet. Detta för att ge rekommendationer till småföretagare hur de ska göra för att förstå redovisningsinformationen för att kunna använda den i sitt beslutsfattande.

    Forskningsfrågor:

    -          Vilken ekonomisk utbildning eller annan liknande kunskap har företagaren och spelar detta någon roll vid användandet av redovisningen?

    -          Vilken är orsakerna till att företagare gör sin redovisning med interna eller externa resurser och hade de redovisat även om skyldigheten inte fanns?

    Metod: Denna studie har genomförts genom en fallstudie. Grunden till empirin har varit fem aktiebolag inom olika branscher då redovisningsskyldigheten är densamma oavsett vilken gren man arbetar inom. Empirin har samlats in genom semistrukturerade intervjuer och har sedan analyserats med hjälp av den teoretiska referensramen.

    Resultat och slutsats: Resultatet av vår studie visar att redovisningsinformationen används i större utsträckning än tidigare. Företagen har insett att redovisningsinformationen innehåller mycket information som är användbart både för beslutsfattande och andra aktiviteter, som t ex månadsbokslut. Dock kvarstår de stora skillnaderna i användandet beroende på om företagaren hade ekonomisk utbildning eller annan ekonomisk kompetens. Brist på utbildning kan leda till sämre beslut men detta kan avhjälpas genom att ägarna går en kurs i till exempel affärsredovisning, för att på så sätt få grundläggande kunskaper. Detta behövs för att förstå vad ekonomiska begrepp och siffror betyder.

  • 299.
    Hagejärd, Henrik
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Karlsson, Rikard
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Nedskrivningsprövning av goodwill: En studie om svenska företag och investerares uppfattningar av redovisad information om goodwill2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I samband med att IFRS infördes för svenska börsbolag 2005 förändrades reglerna för hantering av goodwill. Istället för årlig avskrivning innebar förändringen att posten skulle testas för en eventuell värdeförändring genom nedskrivningsprövning. Forskning visar att företagsledningar tenderar att agera opportunistiskt i syfte att inte behöva göra nedskrivningar. Ett sådant agerande är möjligt då redovisning och beräkning av goodwill samt bestämmande av antaganden helt och hållet ligger i företagens händer. Forskningen är väldigt sparsam när det kommer till hur användare uppfattar den information som företagen redovisar om nedskrivningsprövning i sina finansiella rapporter.

    Syftet med denna studie är att skapa en bild av hur investerare och företag uppfattar den information som företag enligt IFRS standarder ska lämna i sin årsredovisning om företagets nedskrivningsprövning av goodwill. Samt att förklara varför investerare och företag uppfattar informationen på detta sätt.

    För att kunna besvara forskningsfrågan och uppnå syftet med studien har en kvalitativ metod med abduktiv ansats använts. Med väl motiverade avgränsningar har studien undersökt uppfattningar hos sex informanter (tre företag och tre investerare). Genom semistrukturerade besöks- och telefonintervjuer har ingående diskussioner med informanterna resulterat i ett omfattande empiriskt material. Med hjälp av operationaliserade teoretiska begrepp och väl definierade uppfattningsbegrepp har det empiriska materialet analyserats.

    Studien har resulterat i identifiering av problem som bottnar i lagändringen 2005 och som drabbar användaren av informationen (om goodwill i finansiella rapporter) hårdast. Viktiga slutsatser som studien har resulterat i är att användbarheten, relevansen och trovärdigheten i den information som redovisas om nedskrivningsprövningen är bristfällig. Även fullständigheten och noggrannheten i informationen upplevs som bristfällig i det hänseendet för att förstå nedskrivningsprövningen men det råder inget tvivel att redogörelserna innehåller den information som den förväntas innehålla utifrån lagkrav. Ekonomiska händelser som påverkar företag i allmänna termer, finner studien inte påverkar företags nedskrivningsprövning av goodwill. Det framkommer också tydliga bevis på att företagsledningar tenderar att justera bakomliggande variabler i värderingsmodellen i syfte att inte behöva göra nedskrivningar, vilket är i linje med tidigare forskning. 

  • 300.
    Haglund, Elin
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Fordringsägare vid konkurs: Revisionens betydelse i värderingen av ett litet bolags betalningsförmåga2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Major fraud and scandals in corporations such as Kreuger, Enron and Worldcom where creditors suffered significant losses, are often followed with debate around the purpose and scope of corporate audits. After pressure from the EU in order to reduce the administrative burden, increase competitive capacity, and stimulate the European economy the mandatory auditing was abolished for small enterprises in Sweden in 2010. Creditors of which some are banks and investors are parties that who can be affected by a bankruptcy and are therefore dependent on a working relationship with the enterprise. Together with additional information from an auditor credit ratings will aid a creditor in the assessment of exposed risk. This study aims to increase the understanding of audit significance in the aspect of credit rating of small companies and their ability to fulfil payments to prioritised creditors in case of bankruptcy as the legislated audit no longer is a requirement. It will also provide a possibility to assess the influence of auditing on the credit risk creditor is subject to in the event of bankruptcy.

    The study is using a triangulating method where data is collected using both qualitative interviews and quantitative data from 57 bankruptcies of small enterprises from 2009 and 61 bankruptcies from 2012. The interviews were conducted with 10 respondents representing auditing, loans, and Insolvency practise. The results have been analysed from the perspective of Agent- and Stakeholder theories.

    The study has derived to the conclusion that the use of auditors does carry a significant value. They have an important role to play when it comes to assisting entrepreneurs to live up to the expectation and skills their counterparts have on them. Even the assessment made by auditors on the company’s ability to continue operation, going concern, is knowledge which can contribute to the prevention of a future situation of insolvency. The study has not been able to prove any relationship between the company's level of debt in bankruptcy and if the company has chosen to have an auditor. Neither respondents in the qualitative data collection nor the search for correlation in the quantitative data has been able to support findings of difference on the impact on the prioritised creditors between the companies using auditors and the ones not using auditors from the time after the abolishment of mandatory audits. From both 2009 and 2012 most bankruptcies have low deficits and a small number have high, which indicate creditors have been able to make reasonable credit assessments.

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