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  • 2101.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Oudhuis, MargaretaHögskolan i Borås.
    Organisatorisk resiliens: Vad är det som gör företag och organisationer livskraftiga2014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 2102.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Oudhuis, Margareta
    University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Organization resilience: What makes companies and organizations sustainable?2018In: The Resilience Framework: Organizing for Sustained Viability / [ed] Stefan Tengblad, Margareta Oudhuis, Singapore: Springer, 2018, p. 3-17Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Organizational resilience deals with companies’  and organizations’ ability to survive, or more positively stated, to maintain their vitality in a changing world that constantly requires adaptation. This chapter introduces and describes the concept of organizational resilience and presents an overview of the book.

    A resilient company or organization is in the chapter defi ned as the capacity to use its technical, economic and social resources in order to develop long-term skills and competencies, in an efficient, reliable and flexible manner, and in a way it could manage challenges and exploit opportunities. This definition is developed both by acknowledging previous defi nitions and also by using the theoretical framework of the book consisting of evolutionary theory, complexity theory and practice theory of management.

  • 2103.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Oudhuis, MargaretaUniversity of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    The Resilience Framework: Organizing for Sustained Viability2018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Resilience Framework: Organizing for Sustained Viability is a book about organizational prosperity and survivability. Its theoretical framework poses achallenge to many schools of management thought in that it recognizes the complexity and unpredictability of managers’ and leaders’ work. A key theme is that organizations and leaders must be prepared and willing to deal with the inevitable occurrence of unexpected events by using their financial, technical, and social resources in ways that empower employees in lateral as well as horizontal decision-making processes. The book’s chapters are based on empirical research conducted at many real companies and in many important business areas. The empirical chapters, for example, present case studies of such events as the BP Deepwater Horizon disaster, the rise and fall of Circuit City, the turn-around of afashion company, and many others.

    The book presents two new theoretical managerial models: (1) an organizational resilience resource model based on a combination of financial, technical, and social resources; and (2) an organizational capability model that incorporates the three key concepts of reliability, efficiency, and change capacity. Within the framework of organizational resilience, these models can be used to analyse what makes some organizations viable and others not, to integrate important spheres of knowledge into managerial operations, and to understand the role of boards and top managers who work in complex and uncertain environments. While the book offers no easy recipes for achieving organizational resilience, it does offer a holistic explanation of the challenges modern organizations must master.

  • 2104.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Vie, E.
    The legacy of research in management in practice: Overview of classic studies on managerial work2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2105.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Vie, O. E.
    Management as work practices2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2106.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Vie, Ola Edvin
    Management in practice: Overview of classic studies on managerial work2012In: The Work of Managers: Towards a Practice Theory of Management / [ed] Stefan Tengblad, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012, p. 18-44Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2107.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Vie, Ola Edvin
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway.
    Managerial work2015In: Handbook of research on managing managers / [ed] Adrian Wilkinson, Keith Townsend & Gabriele Suder, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, p. 161-180Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2108.
    Ternblad, Eva-Maria
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    När mormors resa blir digital: Kognitiva aspekter på äldres interaktion med pappersbaserad respektive digital kollektivtrafikinformation - ett situerat perspektiv2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Samhällets digitalisering innebär stora möjligheter till spridning och återbruk av informationsamtidigt som digitala klyftor skapas. Bland de medborgare som inte till fullo anammat den nyatekniken återfinns en stor grupp äldre, något som påverkar dessa individers möjligheter till en höglivskvalité i form av delaktighet, oberoende och god rörlighet. En aspekt i detta sammanhang äräldres möjligheter att åka kollektivt och på egen hand planera och genomföra resor, något somförutsätter en god tillgång till och förståelse av kollektivtrafikinformation. Föreliggandeexamensarbete avser här att belysa kognitiva effekter av det skifte i interaktionsmiljön som sker närkollektivtrafikens tids- och linjeinformation digitaliseras. Studien baserar sig på en situerad ansats tillmänniskans kognition, ett teoretiskt perspektiv som innebär att tänkandet baserar sig påmultimodala konceptuella erfarenheter. De fynd som studien resulterar i pekar på att digitaliseradetjänster kan erbjuda viss problemlösande avlastning, men att dessa samtidigt belastar det episodiskaminnet och har emotionell påverkan.

  • 2109.
    Tervo, Mathias
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Modelleringsmetodik med handboken som pedagogiskt förmedlingsmedium.2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Från ett intresse för realism och krigets estetik kommer detta examensarbete. Det består av ett 3D-grafikst verk i form av en 3D-modell av vapnet Mp40 och ett pedagogiskt inriktat verk i form av en handbok. På grund av rapportens tekniska natur du som läsare ha en del kunskap på området men för att hjälpa situationen finns en begreppsförklaring att tillgå i kapitel 3.6 Begreppsförklaring.

    Med aktuella metoder och programvaran Maya 2009 64-bit (Autodesk, 2008) skapades den högupplösta modellen utifrån två typer av referenser, profilbilden och förståelsebilden. Med hjälp av en omfattande referensdatabas kunde modellens realism och detaljrikedom bevaras. Genom olika processer skapades sedan den lågupplösta modellen för slutgiltig generering av normal map[1] och textur. Processen underlättades med hjälp av ett egenprogrammerat Maya-scrip för att utföra funktioner som inte redan fanns i Programvaran.

    I den handbok som skapades i och med detta examensarbete går det att läsa om hur ytterligare detaljer kan adderas till en normal map i efterhand. Detta för detaljer som är otympliga att skapa i 3D-modellen. Denna handbok finns tillgänglig i bilaga 9.2 Handbok eller på följande adress[2] Boken Att skriva bättre i jobbet (Fritzes Förlag, 1995) har legat till grund för handbokens utformning pedagogiska bakgrund.

    I diskussionen knyts sedan det 3D-grafiska arbetet med modeller från tre spel. En återkoppling mellan denna modell och spelens modeller sker på så vis att de jämförs och fördelar vägs mot nackdelar. I slutsatsen vägs arbetets bra sidor mot arbetets dåliga sidor och slutsatsen är att arbetet lyckats på en grundläggande nivå men att saker och ting är mer komplicerade än så.

    [1] En normal map är en textur som simulerar vinkelskiftningar på en plan yta genom att manipulera ytans normaler.

    [2] http://dsu.iki.his.se/wiki/index.php/Normal_Map:_Addering_av_detaljer_i_Photoshop

  • 2110.
    Thill, Serge
    et al.
    University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Duran, BorisUniversity of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.Hemeren, PaulUniversity of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Social signals in action recognition and intention understanding2013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 2111.
    Thill, Serge
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Riveiro, Maria
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Lagerstedt, Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Lebram, Mikael
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Hemeren, Paul
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Habibovic, Azra
    Research Institutes of Sweden, RISE Viktoria, Lindholmen Science Park, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Klingegård, Maria
    Research Institutes of Sweden, RISE Viktoria, Lindholmen Science Park, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Driver adherence to recommendations from support systems improves if the systems explain why they are given: A simulator study2018In: Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, ISSN 1369-8478, E-ISSN 1873-5517, Vol. 56, p. 420-435Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a large-scale simulator study on driver adherence to recommendationsgiven by driver support systems, specifically eco-driving support and navigation support.123 participants took part in this study, and drove a vehicle simulator through a pre-defined environment for a duration of approximately 10 min. Depending on the experi-mental condition, participants were either given no eco-driving recommendations, or asystem whose provided support was either basic (recommendations were given in theform of an icon displayed in a manner that simulates a heads-up display) or informative(the system additionally displayed a line of text justifying its recommendations). A naviga-tion system that likewise provided either basic or informative support, depending on thecondition, was also provided.

    Effects are measured in terms of estimated simulated fuel savings as well as engine brak-ing/coasting behaviour and gear change efficiency. Results indicate improvements in allvariables. In particular, participants who had the support of an eco-driving system spenta significantly higher proportion of the time coasting. Participants also changed gears atlower engine RPM when using an eco-driving support system, and significantly more sowhen the system provided justifications. Overall, the results support the notion that pro-viding reasons why a support system puts forward a certain recommendation improvesadherence to it over mere presentation of the recommendation.

    Finally, results indicate that participants’ driving style was less eco-friendly if the navi-gation system provided justifications but the eco-system did not. This may be due to par-ticipants considering the two systems as one whole rather than separate entities withindividual merits. This has implications for how to design and evaluate a given driver sup-port system since its effectiveness may depend on the performance of other systems in thevehicle.

  • 2112.
    Thill, Serge
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Twomey, Katherine E.
    Department of Psychology, Lancaster University, United Kingdom.
    What's on the inside counts: A grounded account of concept acquisition and development2016In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 7, p. 1-11, article id 402Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2113.
    Thomée, Petter
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Tooniga och Realistiska Texturer: skillnader mellan dessas skapandeprocesser2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I detta arbete undersöks skillnaden mellan skapandet av tooniga kontra realistiska texturer för polygonmodeller till datorspel. För att alls kunna undersöka detta har jag först fått ta reda på vad som faktiskt gör en grafisk stil toonig. Detta, har jag kommit fram till, är om det som avbildats dels blivit förenklat och även stiliserat (det vill säga ikoniskt abstraherat och även expressionistiskt abstraherat). Det som definierat en realistisk stil har jag låtit vara något som påminner om sådant som kan ses i foton. Jag har sedan åt fyra olika digitala 3D-modeller skapat texturer i två olika grafiska stilar: toonig och realistisk. Därefter har jag jämfört skillnaderna mellan skapandeprocesserna av dessa. De tooniga har skapats med hjälp av det jag kommit fram till om toonighet, och framförallt med hjälp från grafikerna på det spelföretag som jag jobbat på under en stor del av exjobbstiden. De realistiska har skapats med hjälp av litteratur om spelgrafikskapande. Det jag kommit fram till av denna undersökning har varit att realistiska texturer innehåller en större mängd mindre, diffusa detaljer i och med deras så kallade bastexturer, vilket förenklar arbetet med andra detaljer, såsom skuggor och liknande. Tooniga texturer har istället ett mindre antal mer tydliga detaljer, vilka kräver mer arbete då dessa inte blandas upp med någon bastextur, och sonika blir mer synliga.

  • 2114.
    Thorner, Annika
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Mot en ökad förståelse för datorstödets inverkan på den psykosociala arbetsmiljön: UDIPA - ett nytt utvärderingsverktyg2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Användningen av datorer i arbetet har blivit en allt vanligare företeelse på arbetsplatsen, och för anställda på till exempel callcenter är datorer ett oumbärligt inslag i arbetssituationen. Med tekniken följer dock inte enbart fördelar; användningen av datorstöd kan även leda till kognitiva arbetsmiljöproblem och stress och ha en märkbart negativ inverkan på den psykosociala arbetsmiljön. Genom teoretisk genomgång och kvalitativa intervjuer med arbetsmiljökunniga konstateras dock att det saknas bra utvärderingsverktyg för att uppmärksamma denna typ avproblem. En arbetsplatsstudie på ett callcenter används för att visa på hur användningen av datorstöd kan inverka negativt på den psykosociala arbetsmiljön, och dess resultat ligger till grund för ett helt nytt utvärderingsverktyg. Detta syftar till att hjälpa organisationer och företagshälsovård att uppmärksamma kognitiva och psykosociala arbetsmiljöproblem relaterade till användningen av datorstöd, med hjälp av termer som kognitiva krav, kontroll och socialt stöd. Förhoppningen är att verktyget ska bidra till att öka medvetenheten om kognitiva arbetsmiljöproblem och teknikstress, och att i längden medverka till att förbättra datoranvändarens psykosociala arbetsmiljö.

  • 2115.
    Thorén, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Bildning, relationer och egenmakt: en studie av särskilt stöd i vuxenutbildning2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Study: Degree project in master education, Advanced level, 15 ECTS,University of SkovdeTitle: Education, relations and empowerment – a study of educational support in adult educationNumber of pages: 44Author: Thorén AnnaTutor: Maivorsdotter, NinithaDate: August, 2014In every generation of young adults in Sweden there are 20 % who never pass their high school exam (Sveriges Kommuner och Landsting, 2012). This tends to have a negative effect on their future adult life, both economically as well as socially. In Sweden their is a well established, national, municipally arranged, adult education which gives a second chance to study for some of these young adults. The purpose of this collection of case studies (Flyvbjer, 2006) is to analyse and shed some light on the social and educational factors that might benefit these adult students to achieve their goals and to empower themselves (Lightfoot, 1985). It is by using Deweys holistic approach to human language and experience and combining external and internal life, that the interviews was collected from three students who attend some additional, educational support. The analysis of the material was executed in five steps and following the method of content analysis (Kvale, 1997). In my results chapter I present excerpts and analysis grouped under five thematic headlines;1. School as the setting for social identity making. 2. Socio-economical factors and flexibility3. School as a positive community. 4. Relations building on feedback and mutual respect.5. Focusing on education and empowerment.

  • 2116.
    Thorén, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Välbefinnande och Känsla av sammanhang bland flickor i skolvardagen (ÅR 6)2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish national survey "School children's health habits" have since 1985 asked children "What do you think about school these days?". School satisfaction decreases with age and unlike many other questions there are different views from boys 'and girls on this matter. Most obvious in the youngest age group, where girls more often say they feel very well at school (Swedish children's health habits, FHI 2005). In this study eight 12-year-old Swedish school girls from a small town in the west of Sweden describe their feelings about school. My method is to determine their SOC-value through a survey (Margalit & Efrati, 1996) based on Antonovsky's questionnaire for measuring Sense of Coherence (Antonovsky, 1987) and then interview them individually on the subjects of well-being, flow, and praise in school. They may talk freely about these topics and describe their feelings about different aspects of school. By assembling the different parts in the result an illustration of girls' well-being in the school setting is formed.

  • 2117.
    Thyberg, Joel
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience.
    Dehumanization in the brain2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Dehumanization is a process whereby people fail to view others as human beings. Instead, the others are perceived as nonhuman animals or objects, unworthy of the same moral treatment. Dehumanization has previously been studied in a variety of different scholarly domains without adhering to a uniform theoretical framework. This literature review contrasts research on fully humanized perception, with research on dehumanized perception, and proposes neural areas which are likely to be involved. Not every aspect of dehumanization can be understood at the neurological level. To understand what factors lead up to, and modulates dehumanization, other perspectives might also be necessary. Dehumanized perception is coupled with reduced activity in the social cognitive brain network, a wide network which encompasses several cortical and subcortical areas. This disengages prosocial abilities and allows for other people to be treated like objects and means to an end. One area of special interest is the medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC). It functions as an integration center in the person perception network and is also active when we make moral judgments, empathize, or take the perspective of someone else. For this reason, the MPFC is sometimes used as an index of dehumanized perception.

  • 2118.
    Thörnquist, Annette
    et al.
    Research Institute for Work, Technology and Culture, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Do public sector industrial relations challenge the Swedish model?2018In: Labor history, ISSN 0023-656X, E-ISSN 1469-9702, Vol. 59, no 1, p. 87-104Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses recent developments in public sector labour relations in Sweden from a historical, gender and power relations perspective. The main question is whether these trends challenge the established Swedish industrial relations system. Our point of departure - yet chronologically also the point of arrival - is the Swedish Municipal Workers' Union, Kommunal's, exit from the coordinated wage setting model within the Swedish Trade Union Confederation (Landsorganisationen, LO) in 2015/2016. The immediate reason was that Kommunal, representing one-third of the LO members, including many low-paid women, turned down the LO's proposal on a general wage increase for low-wage groups. Instead, Kommunal urged to upgrade wages for a specific member group, the auxiliary nurses. This broke an almost uninterrupted 20-year-long period of labour market cooperation and coordination that was introduced in 1997 through the so-called Industry Agreement (Industriavtalet). This agreement was launched in the wake of the deep financial crisis in the early 1990s, and the neoliberal move towards a complete decentralization of pay negotiations. How should this move by Kommunal be interpreted? Why, and when, has the centralized system become a straitjacket for Kommunal, when for decades it seemingly was a precondition for both private and public union strength?

  • 2119.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Bogus Self-employment in the European Union2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2120.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Globalization and International Labor Solidarity—: Introduction to a Theme2014In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 1-10Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2121.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Inte självklart att lagstiftning leder till färre strejker2018In: Dagens Arena, article id 2018-07-04Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Diskussionen om hamnkonflikten i Göteborg har hittills saknat ett historiskt perspektiv. I denna essä visar forskaren Christer Thörnqvist att lagstiftning tidigare varit ineffektiv mot arbetsmarknadskonflikter, men däremot har uppenbara risker.

  • 2122.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    The Nordic Labour Market Model (In japanese)2017In: 北欧福祉国家モデルは持続可能か? The Nordic Welfare Model - Still Sustainable?: Five Exceptions and Policy Cooperation / [ed] Klaus Petersen, Stein Kuhnle, Pauli Kettunen, Yoko Otsuka, Akio Kamiko, Kyoto: Minerva Shobou, 2017, 1, p. 296-326Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2123.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Utredning med varningsflagg2018In: ArbetetArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Företrädare för fack och arbetsgivare säger att risken för gula fack är minimal. Men lagar stiftas för framtiden och hur kommande generationer av arbetsgivare agerar finns det inga garantier för. Att ändra i strejkrätten för med sig stora risker, skriver Christer Thörnqvist, docent i arbetsvetenskap.

  • 2124.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Welfare States and the Need for Social Protection of Self-Employed Migrant Workers in the European Union2015In: International Journal of Comparative Labour Law and Industrial Relations, ISSN 0952-617X, E-ISSN 1875-838X, Vol. 31, no 4, p. 391-410Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    So-called bogus – or false – self-employment has been increasingly highlighted as a problem within the European Union (EU), especially since the first eastern expansion in 2004. Although the concept is not fully clear in legal terms, a common denominator of most definitions is that bogus self-employment can be seen as ‘disguised employment’, occurring when someone who has an employee status in practice is not classified as an employee, in order to hide the actual legal status and to avoid costs such as taxes and social security contributions. In the light of different welfare systems, industrial relations and EU legislation, this article discusses this issue, drawing empirically on findings from a project about precarious employment in twelve EU countries. Although there are some fairly strict definitions of the ‘employee concept’ within the EU, the difficulties of identifying the employer leave the bogus self-employed in a legal limbo. No European Social Model has curtailed this problem, despite an expressed desire to address all aspects of precarious work. However, the inclusion of all ‘self-employed’ workers within social insurance systems and workers with an employee status in practice seems possible also under existing EU regulations. It is rather a matter of goodwill and the resources to scrutinize the terms and conditions of employment.

  • 2125.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Andersson Bäck, Monica
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Hamark, Jesper
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Suède: brève histoire du syndicalisme et défis actuels2016In: Syndicats et dialogue social: Les modèles occidentaux à l'épreuve / [ed] Dominique Andolfatto & Sylvie Contrepois, Bruxelles: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2016, p. 263-283Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2126.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Bergholm, Tapio
    Helsingin yliopisto, Finland.
    Mellberg, Margaretha
    Högskolan på Gotland.
    The May Day Tradition in Finland and Sweden2016In: The Ritual of May Day in Western Europe: Past, Present and Future / [ed] Abby Peterson and Herbert Reiter, Routledge, 2016, 1, p. 75-105Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2127.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Bernhardsson, Sebastian
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Their own stories - how Polish construction workers posted to Sweden experience their job situation, or resistance versus life projects2015In: Transfer - European Review of Labour and Research, ISSN 1024-2589, E-ISSN 1996-7284, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 23-36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study draws primarily on in-depth interviews with nine male Polish construction workers posted to Sweden in the early 2010s. The emphasis lies on their own experiences of being exposed to what they saw as unjust working conditions, and why they accept them or react against them. The overarching research questions are why Polish workers go to Sweden, and, more importantly, why they stay even when they feel unfairly treated or directly cheated by their employers. The main points of interest are wages, work environment, employment contracts and relations with different labour market players, including the EU. It was very clear that none of the Polish workers had ever heard of the EU Posted Workers Directive. Still, the lack of serious resistance, our study argues, was not because of poor knowledge about their legal rights, but was linked to a wish to fulfil a ‘life project’ back home in Poland, such as building a house, starting a company, being able to afford to start a family and raise children, or saving for retirement. This wish helped the workers to swallow ‘unfair’ treatment.

  • 2128.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Fransson, Susanne
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Women and Wildcats: Unofficial Women’s Strikes in Sweden in the 1970s and 1980s2015In: Workers of the World: International Journal on Strikes and Social Conflict, ISSN 2182-8938, Vol. 1, no 6, p. 64-83Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    While the strike propensity in manufacturing declined in the 1980s and 1990s, it remained high or even increased in services, health care, education and so on. Thegrowing portion of tertiary sector employment has further moved the searchlight from men to women, as the demographic transformation in work has promoted a feminization of strikes. However, what if we go back in history, to when strikes and industrial conflict was still mainly a men’s concern? Did women go on strike at all, and if so, how did their strikes differ from the overall pattern? The 1970s was the decade of “resurgence of class conflict” in Western societies, including Sweden, with an outstanding upsurge of strikes in many countries. There is an affluence of studies of both the 1970s strike-waves and single strikes in this rebellious decade, but few of them deal with female-dominated strikes. This article explores women’s strikes in Sweden in the 1970s and 1980s with special attention to the treatment in the Labour Court, since the article finds a remarkable difference in legal outcome between “male” and “female” strikes.

  • 2129.
    Tilander, Victor
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Pettersson Storsberg, Robert
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Hållbarhetsredovisning som marknadsföringsverktyg: En studie om varför hållbarhetsredovisningen används eller inte används i företag inom detaljhandelns hållbara marknadsföring för att främja en hållbar konsumtion2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable consumption has emerged from the concept of sustainable development and is essential since the current consumption pattern is not sufficiently sustainable. Sustainable consumption is to consider the environmental, social and economic consequences of consumption in order to satisfy the needs of the present as well as the needs of future generations. The problems which come from the current consumption pattern, has resulted in that sustainable marketing has become a new way of thinking that companies work with to be able to take responsibility for these problems. A tool that can be reliable and which companies can work with to promote sustainable thinking is the sustainability reporting.

     The purpose of the study is to investigate from a company’s perspectivewhy the sustainability reporting is used or not in the sustainable marketing of retail companies to promote a sustainable consumption.In order to achieve the purpose of the study, a qualitative method has been applied. With the qualitative method as a basis, semi-structured interviews have been employedwith respondents active in the retail trade with both knowledge and experience of sustainability reporting and sustainable marketing. The study also investigates the sustainability reports of the interviewed companies.

     The study is based on the theories of sustainable marketing, stakeholder theory and the legitimacy theory. Furthermore, the concepts of sustainable development, sustainable consumption and sustainability reporting also play an important role in enabling answers to the research problem and in order to achieve the purpose of the study. The study's collected data has given indications that companies in the retail sector that use the sustainability reporting in their sustainable marketing do it to achieve the legitimacy of their sustainable work and sustainable alternatives that they believe promote sustainable consumption. The sustainability reporting is therefore used to gain confidence and confirmation of the sustainability work of the companies. But also, to create understanding and raise awareness of the current unsustainable consumption pattern and to gain competitive advantage. It also emerged in the study that most companies in the retail sector do not use the sustainability reporting in their sustainable marketing to promote sustainable consumption. Because they can use other sustainable activities and offer their stakeholders other sustainable alternatives which motivates them to want to promote sustainable consumption and therefore gain legitimacy. The study helps to increase knowledge and understanding to retail companies of why sustainability reporting is used or not in the sustainable marketing of retail companies to promote a sustainable consumption. Proposals for further studies can be to investigate how stakeholders agree that sustainability reporting is used or not in the sustainable marketing of retail companies to promote a sustainable consumption.

  • 2130.
    Timpka, Toomas
    et al.
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University.
    Jacobsson, Jenny
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University.
    Bickenbach, Jerome
    Department of Philosophy, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON, Canada.
    Finch, Caroline F.
    Australian Centre for Research into Injury in Sport and its Prevention (ACRISP), Federation University Australia, Ballarat, VIC, Australia.
    Ekberg, Joakim
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Nordenfelt, Lennart
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University.
    What is a Sports Injury?2014In: Sports Medicine, ISSN 0112-1642, E-ISSN 1179-2035, Vol. 44, no 4, p. 423-428Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Current sports injury reporting systems lack a common conceptual basis. We propose a conceptual foundation as a basis for the recording of health problems associated with participation in sports, based on the notion of impairment used by the World Health Organization. We provide definitions of sports impairment concepts to represent the perspectives of health services, the participants in sports and physical exercise themselves, and sports institutions. For each perspective, the duration of the causative event is used as the norm for separating concepts into those denoting impairment conditions sustained instantly and those developing gradually over time. Regarding sports impairment sustained in isolated events, sports injury denotes the loss of bodily function or structure that is the object of observations in clinical examinations; sports trauma is defined as an immediate sensation of pain, discomfort or loss of functioning that is the object of athlete self-evaluations; and sports incapacity is the sidelining of an athlete because of a health evaluation made by a legitimate sports authority that is the object of time loss observations. Correspondingly, sports impairment caused by excessive bouts of physical exercise is denoted as sports disease (overuse syndrome) when observed by health service professionals during clinical examinations, sports illness when observed by the athlete in self-evaluations, and sports sickness when recorded as time loss from sports participation by a sports body representative. We propose a concerted development effort in this area that takes advantage of concurrent ontology management resources and involves the international sporting community in building terminology systems that have broad relevance.

  • 2131.
    Tiverman, Margareta
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Harju, Sofia
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    ATT LÄRA UT SVENSKA TILL BARN MED ANNAT MODERSMÅL: En kvalitativ studie om hur pedagoger lär två och flerspråkiga barn svenska2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to examine how an educator within preschool is working in order to learn out the Swedish language to children with a mother tongue other than Swedish. By learning we mean that children actively and consciously appropriate themselves something new that they do not have knowledge of since before. The study is conducted with a focus on interactions in gatherings, and interviews with educators. Our theoretical support is based on a sociocultural perspective since we have examined different interactions as well as teachers' awareness at language learning. In the result, we have been able to see that clear communication, concretization of the language and repetition as a form of education has got a big significant impact in the learning of the Swedish language. We also investigated whether there were any deliberate strategies for teaching the Swedish language in preschools. Based on the results we alerted that most educators working for strategies that they are not aware of. The teachers believe that they are going far with the experience they have gained through working with children with a mother tongue. Most of the teachers who participated in the study does not consider that it requires no special knowledge to work with two and multilingual children.

  • 2132.
    Tokarieva, Anastasiia V.
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre. Prydniprovska State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Dnipro, Ukraine.
    Volkova, Nataliia P.
    Alfred Nobel University, Dnipro, Ukraine.
    Harkusha, Inesa V.
    Alfred Nobel University, Dnipro, Ukraine.
    Soloviev, Vladimir N.
    Kryvyi Rih State Pedagogical University, Ukraine.
    Educational digital games: Models and implementation2019In: Cloud Technologies in Education: Proceedings of the 6th Workshop, CTE 2018 / [ed] Arnold E. Kiv, Vladimir N. Soloviev, CEUR-WS , 2019, Vol. 2433, p. 74-89Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays, social media, ICT, mobile technologies and applications are increasingly used as tools for communication, interaction, building up social skills and unique learning environments. One of the latest trends observed in education is an attempt to streamline the learning process by applying educational digital games. Despite numerous research data, that confirms the positive effects of digital games, their integration into formal educational contexts is still relatively low. The purpose of this article is to analyze, discuss and conclude what is necessary to start using games as an instructional tool in formal education. In order to achieve this aim, a complex of qualitative research methods, including semi-structured expert interviews was applied. As the result, the potential of educational digital games to give a unique and safe learning environment with a wide spectrum of build-in assistive features, be efficient in specific training contexts, help memorize studied material and incorporate different learning styles, as well as to be individually adaptable, was determined. At the same time, the need for complex approach affecting the administration, IT departments, educators, students, parents, a strong skill set and a wide spectrum of different roles and tasks a teacher carries out in a digital game-based learning class were outlined. In conclusion and as a vector for further research, the organization of Education Design Laboratory as an integral part of a contemporary educational institution was proposed. 

  • 2133.
    Tolonen, Emma
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Karlsson, Josephine
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Kvinnor i Försvarsmakten: En kvalitativ studie om hur kvinnor påverkas inom ett mansdominerat yrke2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie syftar till att ge en djupare förståelse för hur kvinnor påverkas och svarar upp på förväntningar som förekommer vid en mansdominerad arbetsplats. Trots den svenska framgången inom jämställdhet finns det än idag arbetsplatser som fortfarande är mansdominerade där kvinnorna kan ha svårt att finna sin roll vilket bidrar till fortsatt ojämställd arbetsmarknad. Forskarna har valt en kvalitativ ansats med symbolisk interaktionism och rollidentitet som utgångspunkt. Studien genomfördes med semistrukturerade intervjuer med kvinnor som arbetar inom den svenska Försvarsmakten. Resultatet av studien visade att kvinnorna upplever förväntningar från andra både på fysisk prestation och kunskap vilket leder till höga förväntningar på sig själv. Kvinnorna svarade upp på dessa förväntningar genom att anpassa sig till den mansdominerade kulturen genom att skala av feminint beteende i sin yrkesidentitet. Detta påverkade i sin tur kvinnornas välbefinnande då de upplevde stress, ångest och besvikelse när de inte nådde upp till de förväntningarna.

  • 2134.
    Tordelöv, Emelie
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Könskodade animationer till spelbara karaktärer: Vikten av att animation förmedlar samma budskap som karaktärens utseende2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med detta arbete var att undersöka hur viktigt det är för spelare att avatarens animationer är anpassade för dess utseende. Undersökningen fokuserar på rörelseskillnader mellan manlig och kvinnlig gångstil som baseras på tidigare forskning runt detta. Forskningen pekar ut flera skillnader mellan hur män och kvinnor går och påpekar att trots att skillnaderna är små, kan personer lätt uppfatta dem.

    I arbetet animerades tre gångcykler som applicerades på två karaktärer (en kvinnlig och en manlig). Animationerna visualiserade en feminin, en maskulin och en neutral gångcykel. Den neutrala gångcykeln skapades först och användes sedan som bas för de andra. Gångcyklerna skapades utifrån tidigare forskning runt gångskillnader mellan män och kvinnors gångstilar. Även den neutrala gångcykeln baserades på denna forskning med då användes den för att hjälpa till att motverka de rörelser som var könskodande.

  • 2135.
    Tornblad, Maria
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Fäldt, Marie
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    EQ-aktiviteter på förskolans dagordning: En studie om förskollärares uppfattningar av förändringar i det socioemotionella samspelet efter ett målinriktat arbete med EQ-aktiviteter på förskolan2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie har vi undersökt tre förskollärares uppfattning av förändringar i detsocioemotionella samspelet efter ett målinriktat arbete med EQ-aktiviteter på förskolan.Vi har i studien särskilt inriktat oss på följande aspekter av barnens socioemotionellaintelligens och kompetens; empati, prosociala färdigheter, relationsfärdigheter,kommunikationsfärdigheter, samarbetsfärdigheter, problemlösningsfärdigheter, självhävdelseoch självkontroll. De teoretiska begrepp som analyseras i studien är sociokulturellteori, Honneths erkännandeteori, socioemotionell intelligens och kompetens,prosocialt beteende, och socialt samspel. Datainsamlingsmetoden är kvalitativ ochbestår av semistrukturerade intervjuer. Resultatet visar att de intervjuade förskollärarnaanser att arbetet med EQ-aktiviteter på förskolan har förändrat det sociala klimatet ibarngruppen i en positiv riktning samt att barnens socioemotionella intelligens ochförmåga har utvecklats. Denna utveckling visar sig främst genom att barnen i högreutsträckning än tidigare visar benägenhet att agera på ett mer genomtänkt ochprosocialt sätt gentemot varandra i olika sociala sammanhang. I diskussionen behandlarvi kritisk reflektion, den verbala förmågans betydelse för den socioemotionellautvecklingen, samt förutsättningar för, och aspekter av ett målinriktat arbete med EQ–verksamhet på förskolan.

  • 2136.
    Torstensson, Niklas
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Judging the Immigrant: Accents and Attitudes2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Spoken language as a means of communication contains huge amounts of information apart from the linguistic message that is conveyed. It is often the first channel of interaction between people and based on the speaker’s manner of talk, we create a mental image of the speaker as a person, of the speaker’s background, origin and personal qualities. Through five case studies, this dissertation investigates how immigrants to Sweden are judged based on their foreign accents (Cases 1—3) and how the use of an interpreter in court can affect the legal process and the judging of the immigrant (Cases 4—5). Case 1 investigated Swedish students’ attitudes towards immigration and immigrants through a survey-based study and revealed that Swedish students hold predominantly positive attitudes towards immigrations and immigrants. Case 2, using accent imitation, asked if Swedish speakers have a cognitive prototype for British English accented Swedish and found that this was the case. This demonstrated that Swedes have models of accented Swedish accents. Case 3 asked Swedish students to rate their impressions of speakers of nine foreign accented Swedish voices on 18 six-point semantic differential scales. They also rated their impressions of each voice for five social factors. The results suggest that the listeners evaluated the voices based on perceived social desirability, or perceived cultural distance between the listener and the voice’s country of origin. Juxtaposing these findings with those of Case 1 suggests that even among a group who are positive to immigrants and immigration some groups of immigrants are more welcome than others. Case 4 examined discourse disfluencies in a bilingual court hearing and a Swedish-Polish bilingual court hearing in detail. The case showed that most of the dialogue-related difficulties have other sources than the interpreter, even if the interpreter at first glance often appeared to be part of the problem rather than part of the solution. Case 5 examined the interpreter’s role in courtroom dialogue situations through interviews with a court interpreter and a lay judge. The study found that the picture of the interpreter’s role differs between the various actors in the court setting. This, in combination with a lack of knowledge about cultural differences in dialogue strategies, creates complications, can have an impact on the perception of the witness and, ultimately, affect the legal rights of the accused. Furthermore, as the interpreter most frequently speaks foreign accented Swedish, the perception and evaluation of their foreign accented Swedish can further place some immigrant groups at a double legal disadvantage when being judged.

  • 2137.
    Trapero, Juan R.
    et al.
    Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Department of Business Administration, Ciudad Real, Spain.
    Cardós, Manuel
    Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Department of Business Administration, Valencia, Spain.
    Kourentzes, Nikolaos
    Lancaster University Management School, Department of Management Science, Lancaster, United Kingdom.
    Empirical safety stock estimation based on kernel and GARCH models2019In: Omega: The International Journal of Management Science, ISSN 0305-0483, E-ISSN 1873-5274, Vol. 84, p. 199-211Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Supply chain risk management has drawn the attention of practitioners and academics alike. One source of risk is demand uncertainty. Demand forecasting and safety stock levels are employed to address this risk. Most previous work has focused on point demand forecasting, given that the forecast errors satisfy the typical normal i.i.d. assumption. However, the real demand for products is difficult to forecast accurately, which means that—at minimum—the i.i.d. assumption should be questioned. This work analyzes the effects of possible deviations from the i.i.d. assumption and proposes empirical methods based on kernel density estimation (non-parametric) and GARCH(1,1) models (parametric), among others, for computing the safety stock levels. The results suggest that for shorter lead times, the normality deviation is more important, and kernel density estimation is most suitable. By contrast, for longer lead times, GARCH models are more appropriate because the autocorrelation of the variance of the forecast errors is the most important deviation. In fact, even when no autocorrelation is present in the original demand, such autocorrelation can be present as a consequence of the overlapping process used to compute the lead time forecasts and the uncertainties arising in the estimation of the parameters of the forecasting model. Improvements are shown in terms of cycle service level, inventory investment and backorder volume. Simulations and real demand data from a manufacturer are used to illustrate our methodology.

  • 2138.
    Trapero, Juan R.
    et al.
    University of Castilla-La Mancha, Department of Business Administration, Spain.
    Cardós, Manuel
    Universitat Politècnica de València, Department of Business Organization, Valencia, Spain.
    Kourentzes, Nikolaos
    Lancaster University Management School, Department of Management Science, Lancaster, United Kingdom.
    Quantile forecast optimal combination to enhance safety stock estimation2019In: International Journal of Forecasting, ISSN 0169-2070, E-ISSN 1872-8200, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 239-250Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The safety stock calculation requires a measure of the forecast error uncertainty. Such errors are usually assumed to be Gaussian iid (independently and identically distributed). However, deviations from iid lead to a deterioration in the performance of the supply chain. Recent research has shown that, contrary to theoretical approaches, empirical techniques that do not rely on the aforementioned assumptions can enhance the calculation of safety stocks. In particular, GARCH models cope with time-varying heterocedastic forecast error, and kernel density estimation does not need to rely on a determined distribution. However, if the forecast errors are time-varying heterocedastic and do not follow a determined distribution, the previous approaches are inadequate. We overcome this by proposing an optimal combination of the empirical methods that minimizes the asymmetric piecewise linear loss function, also known as the tick loss. The results show that combining quantile forecasts yields safety stocks with a lower cost. The methodology is illustrated with simulations and real data experiments for different lead times.

  • 2139.
    Trapero, Juan R.
    et al.
    Department of Business Administration, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Ciudad Real, Spain.
    García, Fausto. P.
    Department of Business Administration, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Ciudad Real, Spain.
    Kourentzes, Nikolaos
    Department of Management Science, Lancaster University, Lancaster, United KingdomUK.
    Impact of demand nature on the bullwhip effect: Bridging the gap between theoretical and empirical research2014In: Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Management Science and Engineering Management / [ed] Jiuping Xu, John A. Fry, Benjamin Lev, Asaf Hajiyev, Springer, 2014, Vol. 242, no VOL. 2, p. 1127-1137Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The bullwhip effect (BE) consists of the demand variability amplification that exists in a supply chain when moving upwards. This undesirable effect produces excess inventory and poor customer service. Recently, several research papers from either a theoretical or empirical point of view have indicated the nature of the demand process as a key aspect to defining the BE. Nonetheless, they reached different conclusions. On the one hand, theoretical research quantified the BE depending on the lead time and ARIMA parameters, where ARIMA functions were employed to model the demand generator process. In turn, empirical research related nonlinearly the demand variability extent with the BE size. Although, it seems that both results are contradictory, this paper explores how those conclusions complement each other. Essentially, it is shown that the theoretical developments are precise to determine the presence of the BE based on its ARIMA parameter estimates. Nonetheless, to quantify the size of the BE, the demand coefficient of variation should be incorporated. The analysis explores a two-staged serially linked supply chain, where weekly data at SKU level from a manufacturer specialized in household products and a major UK grocery retailer have been collected. 

  • 2140.
    Trapero, Juan R.
    et al.
    Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Departamento de Administracion de Empresas, Ciudad Real, Spain.
    Pedregal, Diego. J.
    Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Departamento de Administracion de Empresas, Ciudad Real, Spain.
    Fildes, R.
    Lancaster University Management School, Department of Management Science, Lancaster, United Kingdom.
    Kourentzes, Nikolaos
    Lancaster University Management School, Department of Management Science, Lancaster, United Kingdom.
    Analysis of judgmental adjustments in the presence of promotions2013In: International Journal of Forecasting, ISSN 0169-2070, E-ISSN 1872-8200, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 234-243Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sales forecasting is becoming increasingly complex, due to a range of factors, such as the shortening of product life cycles, increasingly competitive markets, and aggressive marketing. Often, forecasts are produced using a Forecasting Support System that integrates univariate statistical forecasts with judgment from experts in the organization. Managers then add information to the forecast, such as future promotions, potentially improving the accuracy. Despite the importance of judgment and promotions, papers devoted to studying their relationship with forecasting performance are scarce. We analyze the accuracy of managerial adjustments in periods of promotions, based on weekly data from a manufacturing company. Intervention analysis is used to establish whether judgmental adjustments can be replaced by multivariate statistical models when responding to promotional information. We show that judgmental adjustments can enhance baseline forecasts during promotions, but not systematically. Transfer function models based on past promotions information achieved lower overall forecasting errors. Finally, a hybrid model illustrates the fact that human experts still added value to the transfer function models. 

  • 2141.
    Tuominen, Jarno
    et al.
    Department of Psychology and Speech-Language Pathology, University of Turku, Finland.
    Peltola, Karoliina
    Department of Psychology and Speech-Language Pathology, University of Turku, Finland.
    Saaresranta, Tarja
    Division of Medicine, Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland / Sleep Research Centre, Department of Pulmonary Diseases and Clinical Allergology, University of Turku, Finland.
    Valli, Katja
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience. University of Skövde, The Systems Biology Research Centre. Department of Psychology, University of Turku, Turku, Finland /Turku Brain and Mind Center, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.
    Sleep Parameter Assessment Accuracy of a Consumer Home Sleep Monitoring Ballistocardiograph Beddit Sleep Tracker: A Validation Study2019In: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine (JCSM), ISSN 1550-9389, E-ISSN 1550-9397, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 483-487, article id PII jc-18-00561Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Study Objectives: Growing interest in monitoring sleep and well-being has created a market for consumer home sleep monitoring devices. Additionally, sleep disorder diagnostics, and sleep and dream research would benefit from reliable and valid home sleep monitoring devices. Yet, majority of currently available home sleep monitoring devices lack validation. In this study, the sleep parameter assessment accuracy of Beddit Sleep Tracker (BST), an unobtrusive and non-wearable sleep monitoring device based on ballistocardiography, was evaluated by comparing it with polysomnography (PSG) measures. We measured total sleep time (TST), sleep onset latency (SOL), wake after sleep onset (WASO), and sleep efficiency (SE). Additionally, we examined whether BST can differentiate sleep stages. Methods: We performed sleep studies simultaneously with PSG and BST in ten healthy young adults (5 female/5 male) during two non-consecutive nights in a sleep laboratory. Results: BST was able to distinguish SOL with some accuracy. However, it underestimated WASO and thus overestimated TST and SE. Also, it failed to discriminate between non-rapid eye movement sleep stages and did not detect the rapid eye movement sleep stage. Conclusions: These findings indicate that BST is not a valid device to monitor sleep. Consumers should be careful in interpreting the conclusions on sleep quality and efficiency provided by the device.

  • 2142.
    Tuominen, Jarno
    et al.
    Department of Psychology, University of Turku, Finland / Turku Brain and Mind Center, University of Turku, Finland.
    Stenberg, Tuula
    Department of Psychology, University of Turku, Finland.
    Revonsuo, Antti
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience. University of Skövde, The Systems Biology Research Centre. Department of Psychology, University of Turku, Finland / Turku Brain and Mind Center, University of Turku, Finland.
    Valli, Katja
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience. University of Skövde, The Systems Biology Research Centre. Department of Psychology, University of Turku, Finland / Turku Brain and Mind Center, University of Turku, Finland.
    Social contents in dreams: An empirical test of the Social Simulation Theory2019In: Consciousness and Cognition, ISSN 1053-8100, E-ISSN 1090-2376, Vol. 69, p. 133-145Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social Simulation Theory (SST) considers the function of dreaming to be the simulation of social events. The Sociality Bias and the Strengthening hypotheses of SST were tested. Social Content Scale (SCS) was developed to quantify social events. Additionally, we attempted to replicate a previous finding (McNamara et al., 2005, Psychological Science) of REM dreams as predisposed to aggressive, and NREM dreams to prosocial interactions. Further, we investigated the frequency and quality of interactions in late vs early REM and NREM dreams. Data consisted of wake, REM and NREM home dream reports (N = 232, 116, 116, respectively) from 15 students. Dreams overrepresented social events compared to wake reports, supporting the Sociality Bias hypothesis. However, the Strengthening Hypothesis was not supported. We weren't able to replicate the McNamara et al. finding, and no time of night effect was found. While SST gained partial support, further research on social contents in dreams is required. © 2019 Elsevier Inc.

  • 2143.
    Turečková, Šárka
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Using player's facial emotional expressions as a game input: Effects on narrative engagement2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Even self generated facial expression could hypothetically affect emotional engagement in narrative and with it possibly even other aspects of narrative engagement. This thesis evaluates effects of using player's facial emotional expressions as a game decision input in a social situation on narrative engagement and its dimensions. To evaluate this, players' experiences from each of the versions of for this purpose developed game are collected, compared and analysed. The data collection is conducted through Busselle's and Bilandzic's (2009) narrative engagement scale, additional questions, observations and short interview with focus on characters and goals. Effects on narrative engagement couldn't be statistically proven. However, from the analysis was shown, that using player's facial emotional expressions as a game decision input in a social situation could possibly positively affect empathic engagement with characters and enjoyment.

  • 2144.
    Tursic, Semir
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Smarta leksaker: Viktig faktorer vid utformandet av en digital checklista kring säkerhetsriskerna med smarta leksaker och vad som bör göras för att säkra dem2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Smarta leksaker är en del av den växande trenden Internet of Things och förväntas att öka kraftigt de närmaste åren.

    Smarta leksaker bli allt vanligare i många hem. Men vad många inte vet är att en smart, internetuppkopplad leksak, kan samla in data kring användaren. Detta sker vanligtvis genom en kamera, mikrofon eller GPS. Informationen som samlas in lagras oftast historisk och kan komma att delas med tredje part och används oftast i en större beräkningsgrund som vi inte alltid tänker på. Dessa leksaker utgör en säkerhetsrisk och kräver därför säkerhetsåtgärder för att säkerställa deras tillförlitlighet, därför att de kommer att användas av barn.

    Det har framkommit många säkerhetsbrister kring smarta leksaker. Den bristande säkerheten inkluderar informationsläckage, övervakning samt leksaker som används för att avlyssna på barn via obehöriga anslutningar. Mycket beror på den mjukvaran som finns i var och en av dessa leksaker, att den inte uppdateras och att säkerhetshål inte täpps till.

    Smarta leksaker kommer att innebära oförutsedda datasäkerhets- och integritetsrisker eftersom det för närvarande inte är möjligt att definiera alla möjliga problem som kan uppkomma. Tidigare forskning har tagit upp sårbarheter och risker med dessa leksaker och många har tagit fram en konceptuell bild över Toy Computing – vad det är och hur det fungerar. Men det finns inget bra verktyg för en auktoriserad användare för att stämma av mot för att aktivt skydda sig mot hackare och vad han eller hon bör tänka på när det gäller smarta leksaker.

  • 2145.
    Tynnerson, Jacob
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Digitala tredimensionella visualiseringsmetoder: Användning av prefabricerat material för att skapa digitala landskap2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Användandet av digitala visualiseringar möjliggör nya sätt att kommunisera och presentera det skapade materialet. Är det möjligt att i de digitala tredimensionella visualiseringarna återskapa känslan och atmosfären hos ett naturligt landskap? Stora mängder med fritt tillgängligt material laddas ständigt upp på Internet, men hur användbart är detta material vid skapandet av digitala landskap? Syftet med arbetet är att undersöka detta.

  • 2146.
    Törestad, Mats
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Kommunikation mellan offentlig och privat sektor: En studie mellan Mariestads kommun och dess företag2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose off this thesis is to improve the communication between the local authority of Mariestad and the companies in the community to be able to improve the business climate in Mariestad municipality. To achieve this purpose two research questions have been examined. Which Channels are used when the local authority communicates with the companies in the community and how does the communication function between the local authority and the companies. An interview was done. The interview was one part of the foundation to the survey that was done which was sent to 211 stock corporations in Mariestad community. In the survey the companies were divided in different groups according to size.

    The results from the survey showed that the communication channels which are used in the communication between the local authority of Mariestad and the companies in the community are the local newspaper, letters, information meetings, telephone, mail, the local authority’s homepage and personal visits.

    It showed that the communication between the local authority and the companies was of significant importance for the business climate. The companies thought that the local authorities contribution to the business climate were not so big. The local authority had not succeeded to a large part to catch the companies’ interests and attention.

    The communication channel that the companies wanted the most was personal contacts (visits).The companies thought that personal visits were the channel that was used most seldom off all channels. Big companies and middle-sized companies thought that personal visits were the channel that functioned worst off all channels. The channel which big size companies and middle size companies’ thought functioned best today was the local newspaper. No matter which communications channel used, middle-sized companies thought that communication functioned best today of all company seizes.

  • 2147.
    Törnblom, Kjell
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Social Justice Research2007Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2148.
    Törnblom, Kjell
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Jasso, Guillermina
    Department of Sociology, New York University, 295 Lafayette Street, New York, NY 10012-9605, United States.
    Vermunt, Riël
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Theoretical Integration and Unification: A Focus on Justice2007In: Social Justice Research, ISSN 0885-7466, E-ISSN 1573-6725, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 263-269Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A commonly shared goal among scientists is to reach the ‘holy grail’ of theoretical integration or unification. We list several examples of such attempts within sociology and psychology in general and, more specifically, within the subarea of social justice. A distinction is made between the seemingly interchangeable terms integration and unification. We note the scarcity of work concerned with untangling the meaning of theoretical integration, with differentiating among forms of integration, and with mapping the variety of ways in which integration might be accomplished. The five articles published in this issue of Social Justice Research, and here briefly reviewed, address these and related questions and/or exemplify theoretical integration with a focus on justice.

  • 2149.
    Törnblom, Kjell
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Kazemi, Ali
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Advances in Justice Conflict Conceptualization: A New Integrative Framework2012In: Justice and Conflicts: Theoretical and Empirical Contributions / [ed] Kals, E. & Maes, J., Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2012, p. 21-52Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A thorough understanding of conflicts is crucial as conflicts may be destructive to the welfare of individuals, groups, and societies. Conflicts are closely related to justice concerns in that perceived injustices give rise to conflicts and destructive conflicts give rise to injustices. However, the notion of conflicts is rather underdeveloped and the definition of it often taken for granted in justice theory and research. In this chapter we propose a useful conceptualization and classification of justice conflicts. Specially, five types of conceptual distributive justice conflicts, five types of social distributive justice conflicts, and three types of a mixture of both are defined and described. Some of these basic types, in turn, encompass two or more subtypes of conflict. These result in different dilemmas and processes, the natures of which are likey to have important implications for conflict resolution. The present chapter highlights several shortcomings of current conceptualizations of justice conflict, and provides a new integrated framework for a more systematic approach.

  • 2150.
    Törnblom, Kjell
    et al.
    ETH Zürich, Department of Environmental Systems Science, USYS TdLab, Switzerland.
    Kazemi, Ali
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Distributive Justice: Revisiting Past Statements and Reflecting on Future Prospects2015In: The Oxford Handbook of Justice in the Workplace / [ed] Russell S. Cropanzano & Maureen L. Ambrose, New York: Oxford University Press, 2015, p. 15-50Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter starts with brief discussions of the whens and whys of justice reasoning and acting, after which descriptions of several distributive justice theories are provided. These are analyzed on the basis of four dimensions: type of justice motivation, orientation of justice behavior, the source of justice behavior initiation, and the source of justice behavior direction. We suggest that the overemphasis in the distributive justice literature on the three principles of equity, equality, and need, ought to be tempered by finer distinctions among the varieties of each and increased attention to additional principles and combinations of principles. The chapter ends by outlining suggestions for future research. Four issues are featured: the nature of the object (social resource) that is distributed and the focus of justice judgments, how the way the resource was produced may affect its allocation and justice judgment, how justice relates to various types of conflict, and why people sometimes do not react to perceived injustices.

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