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  • 201.
    Kchaou, Rihab
    et al.
    University of Sfax, Tunisia.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Skills Development Practices and Engineer Turnover: Insights Into Tunisian IT Services Companies2019Inngår i: Handbook of Research on Entrepreneurial Leadership and Competitive Strategy in Family Business / [ed] José Manuel Saiz-Álvarez, Jesús Manuel Palma-Ruiz, IGI Global, 2019, s. 42-62Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter investigates the skills development practices and their relationship with engineer turnover in IT services companies (henceforth ITSC) from Tunisia. It presents a qualitative analysis of data that derived from a number of interviews conducted with human resource managers of these companies. Based on the findings, four human resources management (HRM) practices were identified that seemingly contribute to skills development in the firms investigated, which are recruitment, training, inter-project mobility, inter-firm cooperation. The findings indicate that these practices can also reduce engineer turnover rates. The chapter provides fresh insights into HRM practices of Tunisian companies, which has not attracted much attention yet.

  • 202.
    Kraus, Sascha
    et al.
    University of Liechtenstein / Lappeenranta University, Finland / Copenhagen Business School, Denmark.
    Richter, Chris
    Lappeenranta University, Finland.
    Papagiannidis, Savvas
    Newcastle University Business School, United Kingdom.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Innovating and Exploiting Entrepreneurial Opportunities in Smart Cities: Evidence from Germany2015Inngår i: Creativity and Innovation Management, ISSN 0963-1690, E-ISSN 1467-8691, Vol. 24, nr 4, s. 601-616Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Smart City initiatives are considered a vehicle for achieving sustainable development of urban growth. This paper explores the conditions and factors that affect innovation in Smart Cities from an entrepreneurial vantage point. Data was obtained through a series of interviews with German entrepreneurs active in Smart Cities. Beyond examining the importance of a set of factors that originate from the extant literature, our findings suggest that entrepreneurs believe that Smart City initiatives need a clear vision to drive their development and growth and that government has a key role to play in bringing the necessary resources and stakeholders together.

  • 203.
    Laitila, Thomas
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Business, Örebro, Sweden.
    Lundgren, Marie
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Olsson, Michael
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    A Model of Commuting and the Economic Milieu: An Analysis Using Aggregared Data for Sweden2014Inngår i: Uddevalla Symposium 2014: Geography of Growth. The Frequency, Nature and Consequences of Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Regions of Varying Density: Revised papers presented at the 17th Uddevalla Symposium  12–14 June, 2014, Uddevalla, Sweden / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West, Högskolan Väst , 2014, s. 549-562Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 204.
    Laitila, Thomas
    et al.
    Örebro University.
    Lundgren, Marie
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Olsson, Michael
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    A model of commuting and the economic milieu: an analysis using aggregated data for Sweden2018Inngår i: Transportation, Knowledge and Space in Urban and Regional Economics / [ed] Kakuya Matsushima, William P. Anderson, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, s. 299-316Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 205.
    Larsson, Anna
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Johansson, Inga-Lill ()
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Mjölnevik, Ann-Christine ()
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Towards a socio-political theorising of the corporation (firm): A problem statement2019Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Economies and corporations are increasingly being characterized as financialized. The separation of ownership and control is at the core of this development and we depart from an understanding that Jensen & Meckling’s (1976) theory of the firm actualizes or performs the current situation. The purpose of this essay is to radicalize this contemporary dominant version and thereby move towards a socio-political theorizing of the corporation (firm). Our method is to examine and reactivate historical constructs of the corporation, with sensitivity to the socio- historical contexts in which these constructs developed. By divorcing Jensen & Meckling’s theory of the firm from various historical constructs of the corporation, we e.g. find that ‘sovereign corporateness with limited liability’, ‘unlimited liability of individual entrepreneurs’ and ‘statesmanship of the post-war era’ are obscured and lost under a doctrine of micro-economics. We end the essay with two propositions on how to: 1) engage in research with the purpose of dismantling the existing conditions of possibility of contemporary financialization of the corporation and 2) theorise a new post-financialized corporation (firm) to be actualized.

  • 206.
    Leyer, Michael
    et al.
    University of Rostock, Institute for Business Administration, Rostock, Germany.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Structuring digital options towards reducing the struggle of finding the needle in the digital haystack2017Inngår i: WM 2017: Professionelles Wissensmanagement: Tagungsband der 9. Konferenz Professionelles Wissensmanagement (Professional Knowledge Management): Karlsruhe, Germany, April 5-7, 2017 / [ed] York Sure-Vetter, Stefan Zander, Andreas Harth, 2017, s. 18-24Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Employees are confronted with more and more different kinds of digital support in their workplace. However, not every support of such kind is perceived positively, but there are also downsides related to the increase of information and knowledge requirements that come along with it. Hence, employees are often overstrained, an aspect prior research has not emphasized in its entirety regarding digital options. In this position paper, we propose a framework to categorize digital options in the workplace and call for further research regarding downsides of these options from a knowledge perspective.

  • 207.
    Linnéusson, Gary
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för ingenjörsvetenskap. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Virtuella system.
    Galar, Diego
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för ingenjörsvetenskap. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Virtuella system.
    Wickelgren, Mikael
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    A path forward: Systems thinking maintenance as part of shift in mind on added value2015Inngår i: / [ed] Sulo Lahdelma & Kari Palokangas, 2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: The purpose and novelty with this recently started research is the introduction of a modelling concept that aims to include the interdependencies maintenance have with financial figures, customer behavior, and production, using systems thinking. It suggests on a path forward in acknowledging short- and long term effects from maintenance on the production system and its financial results. Using systems thinking modelling enables learning on consequences from strategies and policies on the studied system; enabling evaluation of future scenarios supporting decision makers in defining sustainable strategies of action on the policy-level. This paper provides a brief outline of the thoughts behind the research project and points the direction for future research by first introducing aspects regarding the problem and possibilities to address, then briefly introduce different modelling approaches that in part address the problem, which is summarized into a path forward, and finally includes an example of a model by the author of a machine strategy problem that connects the physical assets and actions with financial costs.

  • 208.
    Linnéusson, Gary
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för ingenjörsvetenskap. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Virtuella system.
    Galar, Diego
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för ingenjörsvetenskap. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Virtuella system. Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Wickelgren, Mikael
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    In Need for Better Maintenance Cost Modelling to Support the Partnership with Manufacturing2016Inngår i: Current Trends in Reliability, Availability, Maintainability and Safety: An Industry Perspective / [ed] Uday Kumar, Alireza Ahmadi, Ajit Kumar Verma & Prabhakar Varde, Springer, 2016, 1, s. 263-282Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The problem of maintenance consequential costs has to be dealt with in manufacturing and is core of this paper. The need of sustainable partnership between manufacturing and maintenance is addressed. Stuck in a best practice thinking, applying negotiation as a method based on power statements in the service level agreement, the common best possible achievable goal is put on risk. Instead, it may enforce narrow minded sub optimized thinking even though not intended so. Unfortunately, the state of origin is not straightforward business. Present maintenance cost modelling is approached, however limits to its ability to address the dynamic complexity of production flows are acknowledged. The practical problem to deal with is units put together in production flows; in which downtime in any unit may or may not result in decreased throughput depending on its set up. In this environment accounting consequential costs is a conundrum and a way forward is suggested. One major aspect in the matter is the inevitable need of shift in mind, from perspective thinking in maintenance and manufacturing respectively towards shared perspectives, nourishing an advantageous sustainable partnership.

  • 209.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Constructive business advice?: Different trajectories between family businesses and startups2017Inngår i: Journal of Family Business Management, ISSN 2043-6238, E-ISSN 2043-6246, Vol. 7, nr 3, s. 309-328Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the verbal content and its impact on panel-basedbusiness advice meetings (springboards) for family business owners and startup entrepreneurs. Further,the study also investigates how panel-based advising assists entrepreneurship.Design/methodology/approach – The investigated springboards concern family business owners whorun established firms and startup entrepreneurs who are applying for venture capital. Data from 12 differentspringboards are collected and studied by content analysis.Findings – The outcomes indicate that advising is more constructive for the family business owners than forthe startup entrepreneurs. This can mainly be explained by the rational screening that follows the businessplan concept and group dynamics which appear in these meetings.Research limitations/implications – The study was conducted in Sweden and concerns Swedish familybusiness owners and startup entrepreneurs. It reveals different speech patterns that appear during organizedadvice-giving and its implications depending on the type of entrepreneur.Practical implications – This study provides potential input to change the institutional practice ofpanel-based business advice, which will likely support entrepreneurs in their business development andnetwork building.Originality/value – This study is the first to investigate the verbal content in panel-based business advicefor family business owners. Further, it provides a deeper understanding of the institutionalized conditionsthat this kind of advising builds on.

  • 210.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Resiliens genom regional företagskultur2014Inngår i: Organisatorisk resiliens: Vad är det som gör företag och organisationer livskraftiga? / [ed] Stefan Tengblad och Margareta Oudhuis, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, 1:1, s. 235-251Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 211.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Andersén, Jim
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    The impact of business advice: interplay between entrepreneur and experts2016Inngår i: Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship, ISSN 0827-6331, E-ISSN 2169-2610, Vol. 28, nr 4, s. 285-305Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    During a springboard session, the entrepreneur meets an expert panel which gives himor her strategic advice. How these meetings transpire is of great importance when itcomes to the support of regional, as well as national entrepreneurship and economicgrowth. The purpose of this paper is to investigate what is verbally expressed duringthese meetings and how this can assist entrepreneurship. Eleven different springboardsare investigated via the method of content analysis. These springboards concernedentrepreneurs who merely sought strategic business advice or those who applied forventure capital. The results indicate that the entrepreneurs who applied for venturecapital had less use for the advice than the other group. This can partly be explainedby panel members’ focus on risk and the institutionalized conditions which build on arational discourse.

  • 212.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Boers, Börje
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    A theory of venture capital family business (VCFB): professionalization trajectories2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Venture capital as well as family firms are very heterogeneous populations of firms. Extant literature has studied the interaction and connection between the groups of firms. However, only recently, researcher began to look at those firms which are part of both group at the same. Firms which are labeled venture capital family businesses (VCFB) (Ljungkvist & Boers, 2017). Recent research suggests that the interaction of family firms and VC firms can be distinguished into three separate phases (Schickinger, et al., 2018). Based on these phases, the paper develops propositions on how VCFB firms develop their professionalization trajectories in these phases. Thus, the presented propositions highlight how the family owners’ actions and behavior are related to professionalism and how it influences the three phases of investing.

  • 213.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Boers, Börje
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande. Witten Institute for Family Business, Universität Witten/Herdecke, Witten, Germany.
    Another hybrid?: Family businesses as venture capitalists2017Inngår i: Journal of Family Business Management, ISSN 2043-6238, E-ISSN 2043-6246, Vol. 7, nr 3, s. 329-350Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This paper addresses the phenomenon of venture capital firms which are also family businesses(VCFBs). The purpose of this paper is to explore and understand the phenomenon of VCFB by answering thefollowing questions: What are the features of professionalization in VCFBs? And, how do professionalizationand types of family businesses explain the strategies and governance of VCFBs?Design/methodology/approach – As an explorative case study, it maps the Swedish venture capital (VC)industry and compares two VCFBs and their business investments with regard to strategy and governance.Findings – By suggesting two major configurations, the study explains how family business developmentand levels of professionalization relate to differences in VCFBs’ strategies, which in turn, affect theirgovernance. The personal VCFB features active owners who personally take responsibility roles and stronglyfocus on customers and relationships. The administrative VCFB strongly focuses on predetermined financialmetrics, high ethical awareness among board members, and ongoing interplay between the active familyboard members and minority shareholders.Research limitations/implications – The study was conducted in Sweden and concerns Swedish VCFBs.The paper contributes to the literature by combining the two currently separate research streams, i.e. familybusiness and VC, highlighting the importance and consequences of family ownership in VC businesses.Practical implications – The present study provides stock market investors and stock analysts with adeeper understanding of VCFBs’ strategy incentives. By identifying the kind of VCFB and its relation tostrategy, more reasonable assessments and analyses of the VCFBs’ actions will be possible. Family firms willingto accept VC-finance should consider the type of VC and the potential consequences of family ownership.Originality/value – This study is the first to classify VC firms as family businesses. Moreover, it shows thefeatures of professionalization in VCFBs by suggesting a set of configurations.

  • 214.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Boers, Börje
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Resilience and family businesses and regional culture2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 215.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Boers, Börje
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Structural crisis? Regional culture and resilience in family business-dominated regions in Sweden2016Inngår i: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, ISSN 1750-6204, E-ISSN 1750-6212, Vol. 10, nr 4, s. 425-446Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    PurposeThe purpose of this study is to understand the interdependence between regional culture and resilience in family business-dominated regions.

    Design/methodology/approachThe study is based on a literature review and helps to fill the knowledge gap regarding regional culture and resilience in family business-dominated contexts.

    FindingsWe highlight similarities and differences between two regions of Sweden with distinct regional cultures that support resilience. A number of norms that are significant in generating resilient regions are identified. One key finding is that the regional culture developed during the proto-industrial era, in connection with home production, still affects and contributes to resilience in these family business-dominated regions.

    Research limitations/implicationsThe study is based on two case studies, so no generalizable conclusions can be drawn.

    Practical implicationsFor policy-makers, our study shows that structural crises can be overcome with a strong regional culture, as it can foster resilience. However, regional culture is hard to implement by political decisions. For owners and managers of organizations, our study suggests that it is essential to consider regional culture as an important factor for the organization.

    Originality/valueThis study draws on a comparison of two regions in Sweden with explicit regional cultures.

  • 216.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Boers, Börje
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    The founder’s psychological ownership and its strategic implications2019Inngår i: Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, ISSN 1462-6004, E-ISSN 1758-7840Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to understand the change of the founder’s psychological ownershipwhen s/he sells the business and its implications for the organization’s strategy.Design/methodology/approach – The study contributes with a longitudinal study of psychologicalownership, accounting for its development over time in a Swedish e-commerce company. By applying a casestudy methodology, conclusions are drawn from a vast amount of archival data and interviews. The empiricalmaterial covers the transition from a founder-run, family-owned to a first foreign-owned, and currentlyprivate-equity owned company.Findings – Theoretically, it extends understandings of psychological ownership and its strategicimplications by including former legal owners; that is, how psychological ownership changes after legalownership ceases. Thereby, it develops the individual dimension (founder and former owner) of psychologicalownership as well as its collective dimension (employees toward founder). The paper contributes to thepsychological ownership founder and exit-literatures by highlighting continuity after the formal sale of legalownership and its consequences for the organization.Practical implications – It finds that new legal owners can use this heritage to signal continuity andlaunch strategic changes by transforming it into artifacts.Originality/value – This study extends the understanding of development of psychological ownership offounders from foundation to exit and its consequences for the organization’s strategy. This extension shedsnew light on founders as artifacts of organizations and thereby their role for the organizational heritage.

  • 217.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Boers, Börje
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Andersén, Jim
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Nordqvist, Mattias
    Jönköping International Business School - JIBS .
    Rapid growth of founder-led companies: the role of resource orchestration2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to understand the role of resource orchestration in rapidly growing founder-led companies.  

    Design/methodology/approach – Based on a comparative case study of founder-led companies, the resource orchestration in a founder-led family firm is compared with a founder-led one. To comprehend the complexity of resource orchestration, a large amount of archival data and interviews are used. By using data derived from a period of ten years, the present study has a longitudinal approach.

    Findings – By uncovering the resource management process, the findings indicate a difference in focus between the founder-led family firm and the founder-led firm. The resource orchestration in the family firm focuses to a greater extent on the early stages of the resource management process, i.e. the recruitment of new staff, the incorporation and the control of “right” values and norms. On the other hand, the founder-led business puts a higher focus on performance metrics and the documented coordination of teams and customers. However, both companies rely largely on self-organizing teams. By revealing the management role in a dynamic industry, the present study criticizes and extends general findings of the resource orchestration literature. Moreover, it contributes to the organizational culture and firm growth entrepreneurship literature.      

    Practical implications – The study shows how founder-based companies can grow successfully in a dynamic environment. Furthermore, it reveals how software companies’ resources can be managed and bundled in a successful manner.

    Originality/value – the present study conveys fine-grained insights in complex management processes operating in a dynamic environment.

  • 218.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsmiljön Framtidens företagande.
    Boers, Börje
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsmiljön Framtidens företagande.
    Samuelsson, Joachim
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsmiljön Framtidens företagande.
    Three stages of Entrepreneurial Orientation: The Founder’s role2019Inngår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, ISSN 1355-2554, E-ISSN 1758-6534, Vol. 26, nr 2, s. 285-306Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to understand the development of the five dimensions ofentrepreneurial orientation (EO) over time by taking a founder’s perspective.Design/methodology/approach – The paper draws on an in-depth single-case study. It combinessemi-structured interviews in the company with archival data, such as annual reports, press clips andinterviews in business magazines.Findings – The results indicate that the EO dimensions change from being personalized and directlysolution-oriented to being intangible value-creation-oriented.Originality/value – By suggesting ownership-based EO configurations, this study contributes insights intohow different ownership forms propel EO. These configurations – that is, personal, administrative based andintangible focused – show the impact of the EO dimensions and provide a systematic and theoreticalunderstanding of EO change over time.

  • 219.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Österlund, Urban
    University of Borås.
    Dubious entrepreneurship and abnormal growth in a quasi-market2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 220.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Österlund, Urban
    Jönköping International Business School / University of Borås, Sweden.
    Quasi-markets and abnormal growth: The case of the Swedish personal assistant industry2018Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to understand the growth of a quasi-market industry and the distribution of capital generated by the industry´s private companies.

    Methodology: Using a longitudinal case study approach, descriptive panel data and a regression analysis highlight the development of medium-sized companies within the personal care assistance (PA) industry.

    Findings: This study shows a quasi-market growth cycle and how the hierarchical organizational dimension explains key figure differences between the business types of independent firms (undivisionalized) and conglomerate subsidiaries.

    Originality: This study is the first to reveal that quasi-market conditions open up for broad redistributions of capital to non-related conglomerate-owned industries. Thereby, non-intended industries receive public funding advantages.

  • 221.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Österlund, Urban
    University of Jönköping / University of Borås.
    Quasi-markets and abnormal growth: The case of the Swedish personal care assistance industry2018Inngår i: International Journal of Business Strategy, ISSN 1553-9563, E-ISSN 2378-8585, Vol. 18, nr 2, s. 5-22Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to understand the growth of a quasi-market industry and the distribution of capital generated by the industry´s private companies. Methodology: Using a longitudinal case study approach, descriptive panel data and a regression analysis highlight the development of medium-sized Swedish companies within the personal care assistance (PA) industry. Findings: This study demonstrates a quasi-market growth cycle and how the hierarchical organizational dimension explains key figure differences between the business types of independent firms (undivisionalized) and conglomerate subsidiaries. Originality: This study is the first to reveal that quasi-market conditions open up for broad redistributions of capital to non-related conglomerate-owned industries. Thereby, non-intended industries receive public funding advantages.

  • 222.
    Lundell, Björn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för informationsteknologi. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Informationsteknologi.
    Gamalielsson, Jonas
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för informationsteknologi. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Informationsteknologi.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    IT-standarder, inlåsning och konkurrens: En analys av policy och praktik inom svensk förvaltning2016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 223.
    Lundell, Björn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för informationsteknologi. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Informationsteknologi.
    Gamalielsson, Jonas
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för informationsteknologi. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Informationsteknologi.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Hooshyar Yousefi, Bahram
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Fischer, Thomas
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för informationsteknologi. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Informationsteknologi.
    Johansson, Gert
    Combitech AB, Linköping, Sweden.
    Rodung, Bengt
    Findwise AB, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Mattsson, Anders
    Husqvarna AB, Huskvarna, Sweden.
    Oppmark, Johan
    JAK, Skövde, Sweden.
    Gustavsson, Tomas
    PrimeKey Solutions AB, Solna, Sweden.
    Feist, Jonas
    RedBridge AB, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Landemoo, Stefan
    Saab AB, Linköping, Sweden.
    Lönroth, Erik
    Scania IT AB, Södertälje, Sweden.
    Addressing Lock-in, Interoperability, and Long-Term Maintenance Challenges Through Open Source: How Can Companies Strategically Use Open Source?2017Inngår i: Open Source Systems: Towards Robust Practices / [ed] Federico Balaguer, Roberto Di Cosmo, Alejandra Garrido, Fabio Kon, Gregorio Robles, Stefano Zacchiroli, Cham: Springer, 2017, s. 80-88Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This industry paper reports on how strategic use of open source in company contexts can provide effective support for addressing the fundamental challenges of lock-in, interoperability, and longevity of software and associated digital assets. The fundamental challenges and an overview of an ongoing collaborative research project are presented. Through a conceptual model for open source usage in company contexts we characterise how companies engage with open source and elaborate on how the fundamental challenges can be effectively addressed through open source usage in company contexts.

  • 224.
    Matos, Florinda
    et al.
    ICLab, ICAA—Intellectual Capital Association, Santarém, Portugal / DINÂMIA’CET-IUL—ISCTE-IUL, Lisbon, Portugal.
    Vairinhos, Valter
    ICLab, ICAA—Intellectual Capital Association, Santarém, Portugal / CINAV—Naval Research Centre Escola Naval, Almada, Portugal.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Dameri, Renata Paola
    Department of Economics and Business Studies, University of Genova, Genova, Italy.
    Intellectual Capital and Innovation for Sustainable Smart Cities: The Case of N-Tuple of Helices2019Inngår i: Intellectual Capital Management as a Driver of Sustainability: Perspectives for Organizations and Society / [ed] Florinda Matos, Valter Vairinhos, Paulo Maurício Selig, Leif Edvinsson, Springer, 2019, s. 49-66Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this chapter is to explore and discuss, in the context of Smart Cities (SC), the relations between three concepts: Intellectual Capital (IC), Innovation Process (IP) and Sustainability (S). It is important to note that, in this context, the concept of IC refers to Smart Cities Intellectual Capital (SCIC), which is characterised by four components (Human Capital, Process Capital, Renewal Capital, Clients Capital), also used for Nations IC. The Innovation analysis considers two models: the first one expresses the dependencies and limits of innovation, resulting from physical limitations such as city area and city population; and the second one is the N-Tuple of Helices model. The concept of Smart City will be modelled as a living being capable of rational behaviour, knowledge production, and intellectual activity.

  • 225.
    Matos, Florinda
    et al.
    Intellectual Capital Accreditation Association, Santarém, Portugal.
    Vairinhos, Válter Martin
    ICAA-Associação Acreditaão Capital Intelectual, Queluz, Portugal.
    Dameri, Renata Paola
    Department of Economics and Business Studies, University of Genova, Italy.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Increasing Smart City Competitiveness and Sustainability Through Managing Structural Capital2017Inngår i: Journal of Intellectual Capital, ISSN 1469-1930, E-ISSN 1758-7468, Vol. 18, nr 3, s. 693-707Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this conceptual and exploratory paper is to explore and discuss possible solutions to integrate the concepts of Smart City (SC) and Intellectual Capital Management (ICM), especially referring to Structural Capital. Based on this we propose a theoretical framework that highlights the relevance of Structural Capital for strategic and operational planning of smarter cities. Design/methodology/approach – Using a neuropsychologic analogy, we assume that the development of smart cities corresponds to the development of a sensorial or even a nervous system for cities based on their Structural Capital, and the development of City Intellectual Capital (CIC) corresponds to a further phase of the cities’ mind development. We propose a practical framework that combines the concepts of city nervous system and city mind. It can be used as an instrument for project management. In this model, sensorial data -associated with the implementation of cities’ sensorial systems - should naturally contribute with open data to the development of higher abstract functions that in turn supports the creation of CIC. Findings –This paper highlights the interrelations between IC (especially its structural component) and SC and their synergic capability of improving both a smart city’s competitiveness and sustainability, and by this illustrates the benefits of combining both concepts in a common theoretical framework. Research limitations/implications – Given the paper’s theoretical nature, the empirical validation of the proposed framework is missing. This limitation will be addressed in forthcoming empirical research. Originality and implications – By proposing a framework that combines the concepts of SC and IC, the paper contributes to theory development regarding the strategic management of cities and the application of IC.

  • 226.
    Mjölnevik, Ann-Christine
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Derivat - finansiella instrument och kriser2015Inngår i: Kassaflödet i en bank rapporteras olämpligt idag!: Ett förslag till förändring / [ed] Gunnar Wahlström, Göteborg: Handelshögskolan vid Göteborgs Universitet , 2015, s. 48-65Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 227.
    Mjölnevik, Ann-Christine
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Skyddsregler - ett ramverk för att värna bolagets fortbestånd och dess borgenärer?2015Inngår i: Kassaflödet i en bank rapporteras olämpligt idag!: Ett förslag till förändring / [ed] Gunnar Wahlström, Göteborg: Handelshögskolan i Göteborg , 2015, s. 94-125Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 228.
    Müller, Andrea
    et al.
    University of Tübingen, Germany.
    Ramos-Vielba, Irene
    University of Tübingen, Germany.
    Schmidt, Werner
    University of Tübingen, Germany.
    Thörnquist, Annette
    University of Tübingen, Germany.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Public sector labour relations in four European countries compared: Long-term convergence and short-term divergences?2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on the impact of the 2007/2008 financial and economic crisis on the public sector and its labour relations in Spain, the UK, Sweden and Germany. The analysis of the contextual background - general and societal economic developments as well as industrial relations - in which such transformations happened embeds the comparison of the four country case studies. Our findings show that the crisis and austerity policies furthered some short-term divergent developments of the public sectors in the countries considered but long-term convergence can be also expected. Some theoretical conclusions from these mixed developments in the aftermath of the crisis are drawn.

  • 229.
    Najjar Azali, Negin
    et al.
    Tabriz Azad University, Iran.
    Hooshyar Yousefi, Bahram
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    On the Need of BIM Implementation in the Historical Buildings Renovation: An Analytical KMS-based Approach Toward Upgrading the Existing Renovation Design Methods to the Building Information Model in Iran2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BIM (Building Information Modeling) is the new trend in accordance with the management of the information related to building design and construction; some countries such as Denmark, Singapore and the United Kingdom have mandated the implementation of BIM method for their public construction projects and considered BIM documentation/implementation as a part of their national regulations/codes. So far, there is not such a ground rule/platform in Iran to provide and improve public construction/design contracts based on BIM implementation. This gap makes the management of the generated associated knowledge difficult to capture and eventually would not support the needed effective dissemination of the prospect knowledge. Particularly the practical implementation, the associated knowledge acquisition, and application of BIM remain a major issue, in our case for the renovation projects in Iran, although the related software are in common usage. The ultimate goal of this paper is to gain a more acute perspective into the implementation of Building Information Modeling (BIM) through the renovation of the cultural/historic places/buildings and the related innovative operational approach, addressing various projects around the world by developing a conceptual model as a Knowledge Management System (KMS); it reveals that BIM adaptation for public historical renovations in Iran which not only helps to mitigate the Knowledge Management problems but also attract global actors to participate in the mentioned field beside the platform development of the KM. The establishment of the KMS and the associated dynamism must be through the core management approach and strategy of the contributing enterprises, providing the human, financial and material resources to the process; additionally, it is essential to capture and systematized generated information and knowledge throughout the lifecycle of the renovation projects. The methodology is based on a literature review of the BIM-oriented renovation investigating of the actual projects and the development of a conceptual model toward fulfilling the gap of the key management factors such as indecisive sustainability, weak project execution, unclear or divergent project goals, lack of funding or resources, lack of design and renovation standards, etc. By implementation of BIM as a knowledge-based approach in the renovation of historical and cultural projects, our conceptual model uses BIM as an information exchange framework to manage knowledge in renovation project. The paper concludes with a potential broad discussion of suggestions supporting the adaptation of BIM at the renovation stage of historical projects in Iran based on the research findings.

  • 230.
    Olsson, Michael
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Att analysera och rapportera ekonomi: Från idé till presentation2016 (oppl. 1:1)Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Att analysera och rapportera ekonomi handlar om vanliga arbetsuppgifter för en ekonom: att bygga modeller, genomföra analyser samt skriva och presentera rapporter. Boken består av två delar: Ekonomiska modeller och rapporter samt Laborationer.

    Del ett handlar om hur du bygger modeller, skriver och presenterar rapporter. Här förklaras alla moment som gör att du kan komma från idé till rapport. Förutom rena färdigheter beskrivs förhållningssättet till att skriva och presentera. Till varje kapitel finns övningar och i slutet av boken ett facit. Del två består av laborationer där du övar på att komma från idé till rapport. Här presenteras även en beskrivning av hur en idé kan uppkomma och det kan hjälpa dig att själv få ett uppslag till en rapport. Bokens andra del fungerar även som underlag för seminariediskussioner om uppsatsskrivande och ekonomisk analys.

    Boken förklarar tydligt och enkelt praktiska färdigheter som en ekonom behöver i sitt dagliga arbete. Den vänder sig till dig som vill kunna bygga modeller för att analysera problem, skriva rapporter och skapa presentationer med Excel, Word och PowerPoint och kan användas som komplement i introduktionskurser i ekonomi, men även i kurser mer inriktade på modellering eller skrivande t.ex. uppsatskurser på fördjupnings- och avancerad nivå. Boken kan läsas på flera sätt beroende på läsarens färdighetsnivå, såväl som en komplett guide från idé till rapport som en uppslagsbok för den som vill ha snabba tips. Att analysera och rapportera ekonomi ger läsaren de verktyg som behövs för att lyckas med ekonomisk uppsats eller rapport.

  • 231.
    Olsson, Michael
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Functional regions in gravity models and accessibility measures2016Inngår i: Moravian Geographical Reports, ISSN 1210-8812, Vol. 24, nr 2, s. 60-70, artikkel-id 011Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Accessibility measures are useful for studies in Economic Geography. For example, accessibility to potential customers can be used in a study of firm behaviour. In such a study, it would be relevant to consider where potential customers live. This can be accomplished by splitting the accessibility measure into three parts: accessibility within the municipality, in other municipalities within the functional region, and in other regions. Many studies have proved this to be a very useful way to incorporate the spatial structure of the economy into economic studies. This paper deals with the issue of finding the distance-friction parameters needed to calculate such accessibility measures. There is a particular distance-friction parameter for interaction within the municipality, between municipalities within the functional region, and between regions. One way to find the distance-friction parameters is to solve a constrained gravity model, in which the functional regions are used as constraints. Both the models and the optimisation procedures in matrix form, and the Matlab programs used in the research are presented. The spatial constraints are gradually introduced into the models, which empowers the researcher to make such adjustments on their own. The data set used is available for downloading, and the reader can then try the models before creating a data set of their own

  • 232.
    Olsson, Michael
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    The Swedish Commuting Pattern: A Constrained Gravity Model with Housing-Expenditure and Income Constraints2015Inngår i: Regional Development in an International Context: Regional, National, Cross Border and International Factors for Growth and Development / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2015, Vol. 2, s. 479-486Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Johansson et al.(2002, 2003) estimated a constrained gravity model to capture distance-friction parameters present in the commuting pattern in Sweden. In this paper the same model is once more estimated to investigate the change over time. This investigation is fruitful, since one major deviation from the earlier results is observed. I also extend the model to incorporate wages and house prices. It turns out that these additional constraints have only minor effects on the distance friction. This is important, since the distance friction is used as input in calculating accessibility and potential measures used in many studies.

  • 233.
    Olsson, Michael
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    The Swedish commuting pattern: a gravity model of commuting, with housing-expenditure and income constraints2018Inngår i: Globalization, International Spillovers and Sectoral Changes / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Andreas P. Cornett, Tina Wallin, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, Vol. 2, s. 250-264Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 234.
    Osarenkhoe, Aihie
    et al.
    University of Gävle.
    Fjellström, Daniella
    University of Gävle.
    Abraha Gebrekidan, Desalegn
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Awuah, Gabriel Baffour
    University of Halmstad.
    Network Perspective on Establishement Process in Transition Economies2017Inngår i: Global and national business theories and practice: bridging the past with the future / [ed] Demetris Vrontis, Yaakov Weber, Evangelos Tsoukatos, EuroMed Press , 2017, s. 1235-1257Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper contributes to extant literature on market entry strategies in several ways. First, while previous literature focuses either on entry modes or entry timing, comparatively little efforts are made to illuminate the establishment process. Secondly, it addresses emanating impediments and development of supporting relationships with significant actors during the processes of establishment in transition economies. Establishment model, developed from network approach, facilitated the capturing of various supporting relationships that enabled the focal relationships to function properly during the establishment processes in less-structured markets. In-depth interviews were held with key informants in two Scandinavian firms. Findings show that Statoil´s ability to leverage a number of significant actors in its network for support during its establishment in Estonia makes the process less cumbersome and less resource consuming. Lack of home and host country support for Scania resulted in an arduous and costly process, with the firm’s position changing several times as different problems cropped up. In conclusion, relationship orientation requires adaptation by an organization, but more critically by its managers. Lack of cross-cultural relationship skills and orientation could impede a company’s growth in international markets. We call for more research efforts in the area of cultural dimensions of market establishment processes.

  • 235.
    Oudhuis, Margareta
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Att hantera höga och komplexa krav: Lärdomar från elitidrottsledare2018Inngår i: Att leda i en komplex organisation: Utmaningar och nya perspektiv för chefer i offentlig verksamhet / [ed] Anna Cregård, Erik Berntson, Stefan Tengblad, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2018, 1, s. 83-100Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 236.
    Oudhuis, Margareta
    et al.
    University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    BP and Deepwater Horizon: A catastrophe from a resilience perspective2018Inngår i: The Resilience Framework: Organizing for Sustained Viability / [ed] Stefan Tengblad, Margareta Oudhuis, Singapore: Springer, 2018, s. 71-87Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The chapter summarizes the BP-Deepwater Horizon accident 2010 in the Mexican Gulf, which caused 11 deaths and the largest oil spill in history. The chapter builds on secondary sources and a resilience analysis is made using the theoretical framework developed in the book. It is described what the main causes of the accident were and the events that took place before, under and after the

    accident. The resilience analysis clearly shows that maintaining time limits and budget was made at the expense of reliability and safety, and that unnecessary risks were taken in order to improve project economy. The end results were one of the most costly human made disasters in the history (over 50 billion USD).

  • 237.
    Oudhuis, Margareta
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Vinnande ledarskap: Att organisera för topprestation inom idrottsklubbar2019Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 238.
    Pashang, Hossein
    et al.
    Borås University, Sweden.
    Österlund, Urban
    Borås University, Sweden.
    Johansson, Kjell
    Borås University, Sweden.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Accounting principles and judgement2015Inngår i: International Journal of Business Strategy, ISSN 1553-9563, E-ISSN 2378-8585, Vol. 15, nr 2, s. 69-82Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Accounting principles are a set of ethical constructs that primarily serve to shift accounting towards the locus of ethical judgment. As such, principles help putting the ethical accountability at the “fields” of the entities and provide judgmental relationships or “fit” between ethical consideration and standards as well as various practices of accounting in innumerable ways. However, the current research debates of the ethical issues in accounting have been discursively shaped upon a set of distinctions that researchers make between two sets of dominant standards. These standards are drawn from the contexts of U.S, respectively International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) codifications. This notion should be added that these standards are uncritically defined as being either rules-based or principles-based. In fact, the current accounting debate treats the ethical issues in accounting through the focus on the technical features of the standards. This study will argue that the ethical problem of accounting cannot be adequately approached by the repeated references into the technical natures of the rules-based and principles-based standards. By highlighting the ethical roots of the accounting principles, we will emphasize that analysis of the standards and ethical issues in accounting needs to be judgmentally associated with the propositional promises of the accounting principles.

  • 239.
    Reardon, James
    et al.
    Department of Marketing, Monfort College of Business, University of Northern Colorado, Greeley, CO, United States.
    McCorkle, Denny
    Department of Marketing, Monfort College of Business, University of Northern Colorado, Greeley, CO, United States.
    Radon, Anita
    Department of Marketing, Södertörn University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Abraha Gebrekidan, Desalegn
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    A global consumer decision model of intellectual property theft2019Inngår i: Journal of Research in Interactive Marketing, ISSN 2040-7122, Vol. 13, nr 4, s. 509-528Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Intellectual property theft amounts to billions of dollars per year worldwide. The first step in stemming this loss is to understand the underlying precursors of this behavior. This paper aims to propose and test a model of consumer choice to purchase or pirate intellectual property, specifically music. This paper combines and applies the theory of reasoned action (TRA) and Becker’s theory of crime to develop a more comprehensive model of digital piracy behavior. Culture was tested as an antecedent to the attitudes and the perceptions of risk associated with music piracy. Design/methodology/approach: A survey of 4,618 participants was conducted across 23 countries. Construct measures were validated using confirmatory factor analysis in LISREL. A conceptual model was tested using logistic structural equation modeling in MPlus. Respondents were asked about the last music they acquired to test a behavioral model of music piracy. Findings: The results indicated that culture, specifically rule orientation and uncertainty avoidance, had a significant impact on attitudes toward the music industry, ethical perceptions of music piracy and risk perceptions. Respondents’ ethical perceptions of downloading had the highest impact on music piracy behavior. The personal/copy risk associated with the illegal downloading of music had a significant impact while the relative channel risk did not. The market value, quality and selection also had a significant impact on downloading behavior, as did the respondent's ability to find and download music. Research limitations/implications: While this paper was limited by focusing on the illegal downloading of music, the results can provide guidance in the design of future research concerning the piracy and unlicensed downloading of other types of intellectual properties such as movies/videos, TV, paywall content and e-books. Practical implications: In recent years, improved access to music and video through online streaming and online stores has significantly decreased music piracy. This research indicated that further inroads into this behavior could be made through better online purchase access and through consumer education about the ethics and results of digital downloading. Further, efforts are more efficient by targeting cultures with lower levels of rule orientation with ethics education and targeted risk messages in countries with higher uncertainty avoidance. Social implications: Yearly losses to the music industry amount to about $5-29bn. Many find music and video downloading and “sharing” as acceptable. The model developed in this research has implications to affect this mass loss of revenue to the music industry and perhaps the societal view of downloading behavior that is illegal but commonly accepted. Originality/value: This model is the first to integrate cultural aspects into models of digital piracy. In addition, the model is developed from a strong theoretical base (TRA and Becker’s theory of crime) to integrate multiple antecedents to intellectual property theft research. 

  • 240.
    Richter, Chris
    et al.
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland.
    Kraus, Sascha
    University of Liechtenstein, Liechtenstein.
    Brem, Alexander
    The Mads Clausen Institute, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Giselbrecht, Clemens
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland / University of Liechtenstein, Liechtenstein.
    Digital Entrepreneurship: Innovative business models for the sharing economy2017Inngår i: Creativity and Innovation Management, ISSN 0963-1690, E-ISSN 1467-8691, Vol. 26, nr 3, s. 300-310Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    What's mine is yours. An increasing number of people are participating in sharing and exchanging information, knowledge, data and goods. As research addressing the so-called ‘sharing economy’ is still in its infancy, this article aims to shed light on it. To do this, a qualitative research approach comprising guided interviews with 14 companies from Germany, Austria and Switzerland provides detailed insights into different aspects of the sharing economy phenomenon. Our results make a direct contribution to sharing economy research, especially regarding the new business models of start-ups. Here, we find a clear difference between the relevance of economic and social orientation. The latter appears to be in higher demand among customers than entrepreneurs. The increasingly digitalized environment has led to a changed living situation characterized by urbanity, openness to new solutions, changed working situations and new mindsets. All of these aspects drive the sharing economy. The results of this paper are summarized in a framework highlighting the requirements, drivers and goals of the sharing economy. Considering the limited research in this field, the developed framework is a strong basis for discussion, critique and/or support of future research.

  • 241. Richter, Chris
    et al.
    Papagiannidis, Savvas
    Kraus, Sascha
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Exploring Smart City Innovation: The case of 12 German entrepreneurs2015Inngår i: BAM2015. The Value of Pluralism in Advancing Management research, Education and Practice, London, 2015, 2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 242.
    Samuelsson, Joachim
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Andersén, Jim
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Jansson, Christian
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Formal accounting planning in SMEs: the influence of family ownership and entrepreneurial orientation2016Inngår i: Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, ISSN 1462-6004, E-ISSN 1758-7840, Vol. 23, nr 3, s. 691-702Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    PurposeSeveral studies have highlighted the importance of management accounting practices such as formal short-term planning and formal long-term planning for SME performance. However, few studies have considered what actually explains differences in the use of formal planning (from a management accounting approach) in SMEs. Family ownership and EO are two plausible explanations for such differences. The aim of this study is therefore to examine how family ownership and EO are correlated to the use of formal short-term planning and formal long-term planning in SMEs.

    Design/methodology/approachIn this study, we examined how family ownership and entrepreneurial orientation affect the use of formal planning by analyzing a sample of 156 Swedish manufacturing SMEs, using multivariate regression analysis.

    FindingsAs could be expected, we were able to validate the notion that family firms use less formal planning than non-family firms. However, in contrast to some previous studies, we found that there is a strongly positive relationship between entrepreneurial orientation and the use of formal short-term planning and long-term planning.

    Originality/valueWhereas many previous studies on family business have assumed that family firms use less formal planning than non-family firms, the present study is one of few to actually confirm this notion. Also, this study has provided strong evidence that EO is positively correlated to the use of formal planning, in the short term and in the longer term.

  • 243.
    Schmidt Lotthammer, Karen
    et al.
    Univ Fed Santa Catarina, Programa Posgrad Tecnol Informacao & Comunicacao, Florianopolis, SC, Brazil / Univ Fed Santa Catarina, Grp Pesquisas, Lab Expt Remota RExLab, Florianopolis, SC, Brazil / Univ Fed Santa Catarina, Grp Pesquisa Tecnol Gestao & Inovacao, Florianopolis, SC, Brazil.
    da Silva, Juarez Bento
    Univ Fed Santa Catarina, Programa Posgrad Tecnol Informacao & Comunicacao, Florianopolis, SC, Brazil / Univ Fed Santa Catarina, Grp Pesquisas, Lab Expt Remota RExLab, Florianopolis, SC, Brazil / Univ Fed Santa Catarina, Grp Pesquisa Tecnol Gestao & Inovacao, Florianopolis, SC, Brazil.
    Aisenberg Ferenhof, Helio
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande. Univ Fed Santa Catarina, Programa Posgrad Tecnol Informacao & Comunicacao, Florianopolis, SC, Brazil / Univ Fed Santa Catarina, Grp Pesquisa Engn Prod Proc & Serv GEPPS, Florianopolis, SC, Brazil / ICAA, Santarem, Portugal.
    A importância do desenho instrucional para o sucesso de cursos online = The importance of instructional design for the success of online courses = La importancia del diseño instruccional para el éxito de cursos en línea: uma revisão sistemática = a systematic review = una revisión sistemática2018Inngår i: Revista Edapeci Educação a Distância e Práticas Educativas Comunicacionais e Interculturais (EDaPECI), ISSN 2176-171X, Vol. 18, nr 2, s. 7-23Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [pt]

    Com a disseminação das tecnologias da informação e comunicação na educação, cresceu exponencialmente a criação e disponibilização de cursos online. A partir da popularização destes cursos, observouse também a grande evasão dos parti cipantes, resultando em baixos números de concluintes. Em vista disso, este trabalho visa analisar a importância do desenho instrucional para o engajamento de alunos em cursos online. Para tal, realizouse uma revisão sistemática com base no modelo SSF (Systematic Search Flow). A revisão resultou na identifi cação de metodologias de ensino aprendizagem voltadas para elaboração de cursos online, nos públicosalvo os quais os cursos estão endereçados e os principais recursos uti lizados para promover a interação e engajar os alunos em seus estudos. Concluise que o desenho instrucional possui grande importância para a efi ciência dos cursos, pois permite o planejamento de um curso e seleção dos recursos mais apropriados de acordo com o público alvo.

  • 244.
    Schmidt, Werner
    et al.
    FATK, Tubingen, Germany.
    Mueller, Andrea
    FATK, Tubingen, Germany.
    Ramos-Vielba, Irene
    FATK, Tubingen, Germany / Univ Politecn Valencia, INGENIO CSIC UPV, Valencia, Spain.
    Thoernquist, Annette
    FATK, Tubingen, Germany.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande. FATK, Tubingen, Germany.
    Austerity and public sector trade union power: Before and after the crisis2019Inngår i: European journal of industrial relations, ISSN 0959-6801, E-ISSN 1461-7129, Vol. 25, nr 2, s. 129-145Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We use a power resources approach to examine the effects of the 2008-2009 financial and economic crisis on public sector trade union power in Germany, Spain, Sweden and the UK, comparing structural, organizational, institutional, societal and political power resources before and after the crisis. Unions' power resources have (at least temporarily) weakened in Spain, with a similar but less pronounced trend in the UK; whereas in Sweden and Germany, one can detect ambiguous but slightly positive signals, which reflect neither the crisis nor opposition to austerity. As well as structural, organizational and institutional power resources, societal and political resources are decisive for public sector trade unions.

  • 245.
    Schmidt, Werner
    et al.
    FATK, Tübinger Forschungsinstitut für Arbeit, Technik und Kultur, Germany.
    Müller, Andrea
    FATK, Tübinger Forschungsinstitut für Arbeit, Technik und Kultur, Germany.
    Ramos-Vielba, Irene
    FATK, Tübinger Forschungsinstitut für Arbeit, Technik und Kultur, Germany.
    Thörnquist, Annette
    FATK, Tübinger Forschungsinstitut für Arbeit, Technik und Kultur, Germany.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Finanzmarktkrise und Arbeitsbeziehungen im öffentlichen Sektor: Deutschland, Grossbritannien, Schweden und Spanien2018 (oppl. 1)Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 246.
    Shujahat, Muhammad
    et al.
    COM-SATS Institute of Information Technology, Attock, Pakistan.
    Ali, Bakhtiar
    Bahria University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
    Nawaz, Faisal
    COM-SATS Institute of Information Technology, Attock, Pakistan.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Kianto, Aino
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland.
    Translating the impact of knowledge management into knowledge‐based innovation: The neglected and mediating role of knowledge‐worker satisfaction2018Inngår i: Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing, ISSN 1090-8471, E-ISSN 1520-6564, Vol. 28, nr 4, s. 200-212Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of knowledge management is innovation. However, this study proposes that the existence of knowledge management in the knowledge-worker's work environment can nurture the overall satisfaction of knowledge worker. As the ultimate purpose of knowledge management is innovation performance, therefore, the satisfaction of knowledge worker as an outcome of knowledge management should be greater innovation performance. Consequently, the purpose of this study is to test the mediating role of satisfaction of knowledge worker between knowledge management and innovation. The study collected the data from 306 knowledge workers (engineers and managers) of software houses from Pakistan. The SmartPLS 3 Version 2.7 software that uses the PLS-SEM (Partial Least Square-Structural Equation Modelling) technique was used. The results indicate that satisfaction of knowledge worker mediates between two knowledge management processes (knowledge creation and knowledge sharing) and innovation significantly. However, it does not mediate between knowledge utilization and innovation significantly.

  • 247.
    Singer, Slavica
    et al.
    Faculty of Economics in Osijek, Croatia.
    Viljamaa, Anmari
    Tall, Juha
    Varamäki, Elina
    Tornikoski, Erno
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Blesa, Andreu
    Ripollés, Maria
    Alpeza, Mirela
    Soler, Josep Xavier
    Buffart, Mickael
    Mezulic, Petra
    Business transfer ecosystems: From assumption-based to evidence-based design2015Inngår i: Entrepreneurship Society: a Platform for New Solutions to Old Problems, 2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this paper is to examine, using comparative cases, the supportiveness of ecosystems for business transfer. The study also seeks to demonstrate a research gap regarding the issue of business exit as well as the necessity of evidence-based design for business transfer ecosystems.

     

  • 248.
    Svensson, Lotten
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Hooshyar Yousefi, Bahram
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Location as a Key Factor to Develop Strategic Resource: A Study of Space, Place and Identity2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Taking into account the increasing urbanization in Europe, young people prefer bigger cities and eventually small towns face the challenge of aging and immigrant populations requiring evermore social services even as tax revenues decrease. It seems a necessity for the regional enterprises/authorities to revise their strategic vision in associated with the raising of awareness among the citizens and socio-economic stakeholders in the long-term strategies/priorities. Structuring a powerful approach toward the concept of attractiveness through a location-based assertiveness will not only be supported by the local public or community initiatives, but also through the resource-based theory to stablish new opportunities of public/private partnership in the locations. The concept community values, combining with the strategic vision of the local authority scenario would idealistically cause the raising of awareness among the citizens and socio-economic stakeholders in the scenario-based implementation of resilient of the long-term strategies/priorities; this path is capable also in a public mobilization for a sustainable collective action to sharing a purpose, a common fate in the sense of the evolution of socio-economic norms which eventually integrates the cultural, social, economic and environmental values with the “location”; this could be the platform for a model that shows location-based growth orientation aspects are in a profound interaction with what we call “place identity”. The main ambition of our paper is to look at location as a structured dynamism to support the diversification strategy of owner-managed local companies through literature-based approach to examine whether location, as a strategic resource, contributes to sustainable competitive advantage for companies. So our study contributes to the discussion of the importance of “location” as a factor for creating strategic resources that can create and/or contribute to the competitive advantage of enterprises mostly based on the regionalization strategies; this will promote the mobilization of local actors to develop the competitiveness and attractiveness of their territory, while stimulating a collaborative approach between the territories to expand their capacities. In the maturity phase the resource-based view developed to be a resource-based theory that must evolve in order to extend the maturity phase. As the resource-based view assumes that resources are heterogeneously distributed among companies, various factors [external and internal] explain how profitability can be created and maintained in the long term. We have applied an interdisciplinary grounded theory method by combining the literature-based data from studies of resource based strategies and urban discussion related to space/location; The evidence from some interviews with company leaders, owners, managers and influential representatives of various community activities and entities also helped us to run an inductive reasoning approach as a hypothetical clarification of the action(s) that recurrently determines the main apprehension of the accomplices in an applicable area.

  • 249.
    Syrjä, Pasi
    et al.
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland.
    Puumalainen, Kaisu
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland.
    Sjögrén, Helena
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland.
    Soininen, Juha
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Entrepreneurial orientation in firms with a social mission - a mixed-methods approach2019Inngår i: Cogent Business & Management, ISSN 2331-1975, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 1-25, artikkel-id 1602016Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores entrepreneurial orientation (EO) in Finnish social enterprises in a social context using a mixed-methods approach. As a result, we propose that the generic dimensions of EO apply in a social context with minor refinements but suggest an additional dimension of persistence. The social enterprises take substantial financial risks although carefully avoid anything that may jeopardise the firms’ social impact. They exhibit highly innovative behaviour when developing new ways to serve the social purpose as well as when finding new ways to generate income. Furthermore, these enterprises exhibit remarkable persistence in adhering to a course of action despite their experienced difficulties.

  • 250.
    Söderström, Eva
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för informationsteknologi. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Informationsteknologi.
    Eriksson, Nomie
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Åhlfeldt, Rose-Mharie
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för informationsteknologi. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Informationsteknologi.
    Managing healthcare information: analyzing trust2016Inngår i: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, ISSN 0952-6862, E-ISSN 1758-6542, Vol. 29, nr 7, s. 786-800Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose– The purpose of this paper is to analyze two case studies with a trust matrix tool, to identify trust issues related to electronic health records. Design/methodology/approach– A qualitative research approach is applied using two case studies. The data analysis of these studies generated a problem list, which was mapped to a trust matrix. Findings– Results demonstrate flaws in current practices and point to achieving balance between organizational, person and technology trust perspectives. The analysis revealed three challenge areas, to: achieve higher trust in patient-focussed healthcare; improve communication between patients and healthcare professionals; and establish clear terminology. By taking trust into account, a more holistic perspective on healthcare can be achieved, where trust can be obtained and optimized. Research limitations/implications– A trust matrix is tested and shown to identify trust problems on different levels and relating to trusting beliefs. Future research should elaborate and more fully address issues within three identified challenge areas. Practical implications– The trust matrix’s usefulness as a tool for organizations to analyze trust problems and issues is demonstrated. Originality/value– Healthcare trust issues are captured to a greater extent and from previously unchartered perspectives.

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