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  • 201.
    Andersén, Jim
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Andersén, Annelie
    Karlstad University.
    Are high-performance work systems (HPWS) appreciated by everyone?: The role of management position and gender on the relationship between HPWS and affective commitment2019In: Employee relations, ISSN 0142-5455, E-ISSN 1758-7069, Vol. 41, no 5, p. 1046-1064Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose:  Although most studies on HPWS focus on various firm-level outcomes, there has been an increasing interest in how employees are affected by HPWS. However, most of these studies use social exchange theory and, based on an idea of reciprocal exchange, implicitly assume that all employees become more affectively committed to organizations using HPWS.  Based on social identity theory, we argue that management position and gender likely influence how individuals respond to HPWS. Thus, the aim of this study is to examine how HPWS affects affective commitment among managers, subordinates, men, and women.

    Design/methodology/approach: Hierarchical linear model analysis of 356 employees in 26 Swedish small and medium-sized manufacturing companies.

    Findings: In the sample examined, managers and women show increased affective commitment in organizations using HPWS. For men with non-managerial positions, the results indicate a reversed relationship, i.e. HPWS could actually reduce affective commitment.

    Originality/value: The findings indicate the need to consider individual differences when examining the effect of HPWS, and highlight the usefulness of relational-oriented theories when studying the employee outcomes of HRM systems.

  • 202.
    Andersén, Jim
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Andersén, Annelie
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Deconstructing resistance to organizational change – A social representation theory approach2014In: International Journal of Organizational Analysis, ISSN 1934-8835, E-ISSN 1758-8561, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 342-355Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - Social representation theory (SRT) is a growing theory in social psychology research. SRT is about how individuals co-construct representations of various objects in different social settings. These social representations govern the attitudes and actions of individuals and groups. In spite of the growing interest in SRT in various fields, no studies have used SRT to understand resistance to organizational change. Thus, the purpose of this work is to illustrate how SRT can be used to understand the concept of resistance to change.

    Design/methodology/approach - Review of the relevant literature on resistance to change and SRT in order to develop a conceptual framework for understanding resistance from the standpoint of SRT.

    Findings - We develop a model that illustrates how three interrelated objects, i.e. the organizational process and the pre- and post-change situation, are co-constructed in social contexts. Also, we discuss how representations of these objects can co-exist (cognitive polyphasia). Our study illustrates the complexity of resistance to change by deconstructing the concept.

    Originality/value - Application of SRT in order to analyze resistance to organizational change is a novel approach that provides several new insights. For example, whereas most publications regard advocates of change as sense-givers in the change recipient’s sense-making process, we argue for a more constructionist approach. Thus, all actors involved in the change process will affect each other and together co-construct the social representations. These social representations govern attitudes to change.

  • 203.
    Andersén, Jim
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Andersén, Annelie
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    The relationship between employee well-being and firm performance: A resource-based analysis2012In: Proceedings of the 12th Annual Hawaii International Conference on Business, Hawaii International Conference on Business , 2012, p. 719-724Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Enhancing the wellbeing of employees is a key feature of human resource management (HRM) and numerous HRM-practices to strengthen the wellbeing of co-workers have been developed. Although the benefits for the employees of such practices are obvious, the relationship between employee wellbeing and firm performance is unclear. In order to strengthen this relationship some studies have extended the concept of firm performance by including additional "soft" dimensions of performance. However, investing in wellbeing is, of course, associated with costs and several scholars argue that investments in the wellbeing of employees can be regarded as any other investment and from an owner's perspective it is essential to get a return on the investment. In the field of strategic HRM (SHRM), some attempts have been made to analyze the relationship between wellbeing, firm resources and firm performance. Most studies have, however, focused on the relationship between specific HRM-activities and firm performance or certain aspects of resource features. For example, how the wellbeing of employees can enhance the retention of human resources or how wellbeing can stimulate intrapreneurship and thereby generate short-term increases in profits. Thus, few studies have analysed the relationship between wellbeing, competetive advantages and performance from a holistic approach. Consequently, in this paper we present a resource-based analysis of the relationship between the wellbeing of employees and firm performance. We present three propositions regarding the relationship between wellbeing, resources and firm performance. These propositions illustrate the complexity of the relationship by discussing why wellbeing can enhance as well as reduce firm performance.

  • 204.
    Andersén, Jim
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Jansson, Christian
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    A Dynamic Approach to Causal Ambiguity - How Organizational Learning Affects Causal Ambiguity2015In: Proceedings of ICICKM 2015 The 12th International Conference on Intellectual Capital Knowledge Management and Organisational Learning / [ed] Vincent Ribière & Lugkana Worasinchai, Academic Conferences and Publishing International Limited , 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 205.
    Andersén, Jim
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Jansson, Christian
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    A model for measuring resource immobility2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 206.
    Andersén, Jim
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Jansson, Christian
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Can environmentally oriented CEOs and environmentally friendly suppliers boost the growth of small firms?2019In: Business Strategy and the Environment, ISSN 0964-4733, E-ISSN 1099-0836Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The core question addressed in the natural resource‐based view (NRBV) of the firm is how to develop and exploit resources beneficial for both the natural environment and firm performance. Due to the resource constraints and increased competition facing small manufacturing firms, achieving this is a challenge for such companies. Building on the NRBV and resource orchestration literatures, we examine the relationship between green purchasing capabilities (GPCs), CEO's environmental orientation(EO), and firm growth. Results from 304 Swedish small manufacturing firms indicate a significant relationship between GPC and growth, and this relationship is positively moderated by the EO of the CEO.

  • 207.
    Andersén, Jim
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Jansson, Christian
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future. University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Rent appropriation management of strategic human capital in practice2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 208.
    Andersén, Jim
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Jansson, Christian
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Resource immobility and sustained performance: A systematic assessment of how immobility has been considered in empirical resource-based studies2016In: International journal of management reviews (Print), ISSN 1460-8545, E-ISSN 1468-2370, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 371-396Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The core notion of the resource-based view (RBV) is that the possession of certain resources can result in superior performance and, in order for this performance to be sustained, these resources cannot be perfectly mobile. Whereas previous reviews have mainly focused on the relationship between resources and temporary performance, no studies have systematically analyzed the extent to which empirical RBV studies have specifically considered immobility of resources. By analyzing a sample of 218 empirical RBV studies, the authors found that 17% of the studies directly measured some dimension of immobility (by, for example, actually measuring the level of social complexity, unique history, tacitness or tradability). Fewer than 2% of the studies measured the outcome of resource immobility, i.e. sustained performance differences. Based on these results, this paper discusses the consequences of overlooking this key dimension of the RBV (i.e. immobility) and suggests that, and discusses how, future research should consider resource immobility to a greater extent.

  • 209.
    Andersén, Jim
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Kask, Johan
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Asymmetrically realized absorptive capacity and relationship durability2012In: Management Decision, ISSN 0025-1747, E-ISSN 1758-6070, Vol. 50, no 1, p. 43-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – Absorbing knowledge from partner firms is a key feature of marketing relationships. Recent publications have called for more dynamic and cognitive approaches in marketing relationship research. Also, established definitions of absorptive capacities have been questioned. This article aims to address propositions that take these overlooked and questioned elements into consideration, which can help explain conducts and dependencies, and affect relationship durability.

    Design/methodology/approach – The authors put forward four propositions by combining literature on interfirm relationships and managerial cognition with evolutionary ideas from marketing and management literature.

    Findings – The authors embrace a redefinition of potential absorptive capacity (the disposed capacity to absorb knowledge) and realized absorptive capacity (the absorption of knowledge actually performed). This distinction can, to some extent, be explained by the degree of cognitive attention given to the marketing relationship. Moreover, asymmetrically realized absorptive capacityvis-à-vis a partner substantially influences the dynamics of partners' conduct and dependency, which may vary the risk that the relationship will end.

    Practical implications – The propositions illustrate how a motivated partner that gives more attention to the relationship is more likely to absorb more knowledge than its counterpart, which can threaten the durability of a relationship. Thus, managers need to be able to understand possible long-term consequences of the partner's conduct in order to avoid losses of joint strategic resources and relational benefits.

    Originality/value – By advocating an evolutionary approach, an impetus for more dynamism in marketing relationship research is presented. This study also shows the importance of including the longitudinal dimension in analysis if one wants to understand change in – and durability of – marketing relationships.

  • 210.
    Andersén, Jim
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Entrepreneurial orientation and employee well-being2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 211.
    Andersén, Jim
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Jansson, Christian
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    An integrated approach to rent appropriation and rent generation2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 212.
    Andersén, Jim
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future. University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Svensson, Lotten
    University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future. University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Entrepreneurially oriented in what? A business model approach to entrepreneurship2015In: Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, ISSN 1462-6004, E-ISSN 1758-7840, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 433-449Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to illustrate and argue for the necessity of deconstructing the entrepreneurship concept by analyzing entrepreneurial orientation (EO) at various levels of the business model.

    Design/methodology/approach – Literature review supplemented with five illustrative cases.

    Findings – A business model approach to entrepreneurship enables identification of the component of the business model in which entrepreneurship was started. This has several implications for analysis of the EO-performance relationship and for the identification of antecedents to EO.

    Originality/value – The EO of firms has generally been analyzed at a generic level, i.e. the concept has been used to measure and analyze the overall entrepreneurship of firms. In this paper, the authors argue that EO can be present in various dimensions of a business and that firms can be entrepreneurial in certain areas and conservative in other areas.

  • 213.
    Andersén, Jim
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Samuelsson, Joachim
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Resource organization and firm performance: How entrepreneurial orientation and management accounting influence the profitability of growing and non-growing SMEs2016In: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, ISSN 1355-2554, E-ISSN 1758-6534, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 466-484Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The aim of this study is to examine how entrepreneurial orientation (EO) and the use of management accounting practices (MAPs) in decision making affects the profitability of SMEs, and also to analyze the extent to which EO and the use of MAPs affects profitability differently in growing and non-growing SMEs.

    Design/methodology/approach

    The paper employs an empirical investigation which is based on a sample of 153 Swedish manufacturing SMEs. The data is analyzed by two- and three way interaction regressions.

    Findings

    EO and MAPs have a positive effect on profitability in non-growing SMEs, but the combined effect of EO and MAPs has no additional effect. However, for growing SMEs, high usage of MAPs in decision making is a prerequisite for EO to influence profitability.

    Originality/value

    This study is the first to use the resource-based view to examine the relationship between two dimensions of resource organization and SME profitability. Entrepreneurial orientation (EO) is used as a proxy for how resources are organized in order to identify opportunities, and management accounting practices (MAPs) are used as a proxy for how efficiently resources are organized.

  • 214.
    Andréasson, Magnus
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Towards a Digital Analytics Maturity Model: A Design Science Research Approach2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Digital analytics kallas den samling teknologier som med olika teknikeranalyserar digitala kanaler (webbsidor, email och även offline data) för attsöka förståelse för kunders beteenden och intentioner. Digital Analytics harblivit en mycket viktig komponent till en stor del webbaserade systemmiljöer,där den stödjer och underlättar affärer och beslutsfattande för organisationer.Men hur väl tillämpas dessa teknologier och hur ser den digitalatransformationen ut som utspelar sig inom organisationer, och hur kan manmäta denna digitala mognadsprocess?Denna studie tillämpar en Design Science Research-approach för att uppfyllamålet om att utveckla en Digital Analytics Maturity Model (DAMM) lämpligför små till medelstora företag, varav en expertpanel bestående av 6 st ledandeforskare inom mognadsforskning och Digital Analytic är tillsatt i formen av enDelphi-undersökning. Resultaten från studien visar bl.a att organisatoriskaaspekter spelar en viktig roll för Digital Analytics samt att utvecklingen av enfunktionsduglig DAMM som är redo att tas i burk är möjligt.

  • 215.
    Andrén, Felicia
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Björkman, Jonna
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Ackulturationsstrategier: Första och andra generationens invandrare och anpassningen till det nya samhället2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate whether there was a difference between first and second-generation immigrants and how they experienced different acculturation strategies. The structure of the study is structured with a quantitative approach. The key concepts used, which are the foundation of the study, are integration, assimilation, separation and marginalization. Previous research has shown that second-generation immigrants prefer the acculturation strategy integration more than first-generation immigrants. There was a total of 117 respondents where the first generation consisted of 57 respondents and the second generation consisted of 60 respondents. Respondents came from countries spread all over the world and were also resident in cities from all over Sweden. The result is broadly in line with what the previous research said. Second generation immigrants prefer the acculturation strategy integration more than the first generation of immigrants. However, this study showed that this difference was not so great. It was also shown that marginalization is the acculturation strategy that respondents preferred least, no matter what generation they belong to. 

  • 216.
    Angrimer, Therese
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Att ha ett mål: En av framgångsfaktorerna för att eleven ska lyckas med yrkesutbildning inom vård- och omsorgsprogrammet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 217.
    Ankarlund, Maria
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Inkludering i skolverksamhet: En analys om en grupp pedagogers uppfattning om en inkluderande skolverksamhet2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Inclusion is a term that can suggest the individual's community with other people, a community based on perceived reciprocity and participation. Included may also indicate that someone or something is included in a context, for example, that the student is included in the group or the VAT is included in the price. Depending on the context used, the meaning becomes different. In Swedish schools all children should be offered education and stimulated to lifelong learning. Educators and the school principal in schools are responsible for children as well as young people's education. Research shows that inclusion is a complex issue in Swedish school arenas, and the complexity is partly based on how educators experience disabilities and partly by how priorities are made by the principal. Priorities on budget, education and time for discussion between educators affect the outcome of the inclusive school activities. The purpose of this study was to increase understanding of a group of educators' perception of inclusion with a view to creating a deeper understanding of inclusive school activities. In order to achieve this purpose, research questions were formulated about the importance that a group of educators attributed to the concept of inclusion and inclusive activities, how educators relate to the commitment to work with inclusion in their different roles and the importance of that educators attribute to the teaching strategies they use in their daily activities. To answer the study's questiona, three group interviews were conducted with educators working in an inclusive school. At two of the interviews, with open questions, the respondents were two in number and at the third they were three. The data has been analysed using the theoretical framework of this study focusing on inclusion in Swedish school. The data deal with issues of what is considered a disability, the pedagogues´ teaching strategies in groups with students with disabilities as well as in terms of a school's organisational learning. The results of the study show that the principal has a crucial role in the design of the school activities in the creation of a common understanding of inclusive school activities. In addition, the result shows that the educator's and the school leadership's perception of human rights and of disabilities can affect to varying degrees student learning in inclusive school activities. Finally, the result shows that the school leadership in turn is influenced by political decisions and policy documents in how an inclusive school activity can be designed and implemented.

  • 218.
    Anmark, Fredrik
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Färgers påverkan på social roll och social status inom konceptgrafik: En studie om icke spelbara karaktärer i konceptgrafik2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här projektet har haft till syfte att kolla på hur färger kan påverka icke spelbara karaktärer redan i konceptstadiet för hur trovärdiga de kommer vara för sin tänkta sociala roll och status. Projektet bygger på olika delar som vad icke spelbara karaktärer har för roll, vad fantasy och datorrollspel är och en studie om färganvändning inom populära spel inom genren medeltidsinspirerade fantasy-datorrollspel. Projektet tar också upp vad begreppen social roll och status betyder i just det här projektet.I projektet används tre karaktärer, vilket skapades i två varianter och färglades i fyra olika versioner.Undersökningen visar på att färger påverkar social roll och status men att det för vissa kan krävas tydligare karaktärer än för andra och även att färger tolkas olika.

  • 219.
    Annett, Judith
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience. University of Skövde, The Systems Biology Research Centre.
    Berglund, Stefan
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience. University of Skövde, The Systems Biology Research Centre.
    Increasing Societal Well-Being Through Enhanced Empathy Using Computer Games2015In: Well-Being in Contemporary Society / [ed] Johnny H. Søraker, Jan-Willem Van der Rijt, Jelle de Boer, Pak-Hang Wong & Philip Brey, Springer, 2015, p. 135-155Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent research suggests that the well-being of both individuals and society in general may have a neurobiological basis linked to empathy. This raises the issue of available routes for enhancing empathy (through interventions such as education, training, pharmacology, etc.). One of the most important features of the human brain, especially of the brains of children and teenagers, is its plasticity. Millions of children and teenagers spend many hours every day playing computer games. Many computer games include different forms of violence and aggression and there has been extensive research that indicates that there is a correlation between playing these games, aggression, and reduced disposition to pro-social behaviors. However, much less research has been conducted on the potential effects of pro-social and non-violent computer games. Since there is not yet a comprehensive model of the possible causal relationships between playing such games and neuropsychological function, neuroendocrine function (e.g. oxytocin release), empathy, pro-social behaviors, and individual and societal well-being, we provide a basic theoretical framework for empirical research on these issues. The aim of this framework is ultimately to establish not only correlational evidence, but to allow the development of experimental protocols to meaningfully examine the causal relationships and mechanisms.

  • 220.
    Antila, Lotta
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Ingemarsdotter Ochoa, Lina
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Hur var det i skolan idag?: Elevers tankar om motivation2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    By doing this study we wanted to get insight to and increase the understanding of pupils’ experiences of motivation at school. We wanted to enhance teachers’ awareness of it, because they are to stimulate pupils in acquiring knowledge. The intention of this interview study was to learn about pupils’ comprehension of how they experience motivation and undermotivation at school. A comparison between pupils in the fifth and the ninth grades in the compulsory school was made. The information was gathered by a method called focus interview, an interview that happens in a group. In our interpretation of the interview outcomes we used three different motivation theories; social cognitive theory, intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and attribution theory. The result was that pupils experience motivation when they can work with and towards concrete goals and when they can influence their study situation. Even marks and evaluations can be motivating factors for pupils, but they are not as effective as concrete goals and influence over study situation are. We found that there is not a big difference between how these two age groups conversed about motivation. The only, visible, difference was that the younger pupils didn’t want to show when they were undermotivated, whereas the older pupils showed it openly. However, both of the age groups had similar thoughts about marks, despite that the pupils in the fifth grade don’t get marks.

  • 221.
    Antila, Veronica
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Karlgren, Susanne
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Lantz, Therése
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Är rättvist för mig, rättvist för dig?: Betydelsen av social värdeorientering för bedömningar av procedural rättvisa2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka om individer som skiljer sig med avseende på social värdeorientering (SVO) bedömer rättvisa på olika sätt beroende på om det gäller dem själva eller någon annan. 96 studenter, 48 män och 48 kvinnor, deltog i ett scenarioexperiment. Resultaten visade inga signifikanta effekter av SVO, vilket indikerar att samarbets- och självinriktade individer inte skilde sig vid bedömningar av procedural rättvisa i situationer som berörde dem själva och andra. Analysen visade att manipulationen var effektiv. Variansanalysen på upplevd rättvisa, tillfredställelse, beslutsacceptans och protestintention visade att ”voice” (deltagande) hade en signifikant effekt. Analysen visade även en interaktion mellan deltagande och perspektiv på tillfredställelse. En slutsats är att om individen inte kan påverka det beslut som faktiskt fattas är det viktigt att individen upplever att han/hon har haft möjlighet att ge sin syn på saken, oavsett om det handlar om individen själv eller en annan person.

  • 222.
    Anto, Jennifer
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Karaktärer med babyfaces i media för barn: Antropomorfismens påverkan2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta arbete skedde i samarbete med det externa projektet KLUB och grundar sig i forskning om stereotyper kopplade till babyfaces och antropomorfism. Syftet med studien har varit att undersöka barns preferenser och attityder kring barnbokskaraktärer vars ansikten har haft en varierande grad av infantiliserade samt antropomorfa ansiktsdrag och huruvida barnens ålder påverkar deras preferenser.Inför undersökningen skapades 24 olika karaktärskoncept föreställande två olika karaktärer från KLUB, med varierande grad av babyface-drag och antropomorfa drag. Dessa användes sedan i semistrukturerade intervjuer där barn i åldern 6 – 11 år fick besvara frågor gällande karaktärskoncepten och babyfaces/antropomorfism i allmänhet.Resultatet tyder på att barn föredrar karaktärer med någon grad av infantiliserade drag, att karaktärernas grad av antropomorfism påverkade barnens preferenser samt att barnens preferenser förändrades något beroende på deras ålder. Framtida forskning inom samma område skulle kunna ske på större skala för att bevisa resultatet tydligare, samt fördjupa sig inom närliggande relevanta faktorer.

  • 223.
    Antonsson, Maria
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Häggblad, Gisela
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Alltid redo: En fenomenologisk studie om undersköterskors arbetsliv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Healthcare organizations face great demands as the proportion of the elderly is increasing. Assistant nurses account for the majority of practical patient care and as a result, they are experiencing negative working conditions. As a consequence, the Western region in Sweden especially, is dealing with high levels of sick-leaves. The aim of the present study was therefore to gain a deeper understanding of assistant nurses’ experiences of working conditions. Qualitative phenomenological method together with semi-structured interviews was adopted. Ten assistant nurses in one municipality participated. The interviews were transcribed and coded based on qualitative thematic analysis.

    Three themes and eight thematic categories emerged: Working tasks (practical working tasks, social working tasks, invisible tasks), Organization (formal organization, informal organization, re-organisation), and Well-being (increasing well-being, decreasing wellbeing). The social psychological theories underlying the theoretical part of the analysis were Social Exchange Theory and Group Psychology.

    The result showed that experiences of working conditions to a large extent were connected to social relations, both within the working group and between healthcare providers and care-recipients. Working tasks were less prominent as far as the creation of meaning about what affects well-being within the profession.

  • 224.
    Arltoft, Emma
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Benkö, Agnes
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Camp and Buried: Queer perceptions of queer tropes and stereotypes in games.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The state of queer representation in games is poor, and queer consumers are growing increasingly vocal in their demands for nuanced portrayals. This thesis investigates how queer players perceive the tropes and stereotypes commonly used to portray them in games. By sorting through existing representation and using the most common tropes found, this study created two example characters which were represented both narratively and visually. These characters were then the subject of a study of 29 participants. The comments and opinions of these 29 participants were then analysed to find a largely negative consensus which is chiefly concerned with making portrayals less tragic. From this, this study proceeds to analyse the desires of queer consumers and contextualize them in relation to a world which still actively oppresses them.

  • 225.
    Arnedal, Cecilia
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Kvarnström, Sofia
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Vågar du satsa på kulturell mångfald- Har du något att förlora?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today we live in a more globalized world then ever before, which has lead to a multicultural society. Organizations today are now facing the challenge to adapt. The challenge with diversity is to cooperate despite our differences. Through interaction and good communication the individuals can adapt to the social environment in the organization. This study examines the employees’ attitudes towards and experience of their organization’s work with cultural diversity. The study is a quantitative survey that was conducted using questionnaires. The object of study is a specific unit within an international company, which is closely ruled by their common values. The main results shows high satisfaction at work and a positive attitude towards working with diversity, the diversity program is perceived as good and the employees enjoy working in multicultural teams.

  • 226.
    Aronson, Gustav
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Grafik för smartphoneskärmar: Grafisk anpassning mellan plattformar2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med det här arbetet har varit att undersöka vilken skillnad av visuell igenkänningsbarhet och perception av 3d-spelgrafik, adapterad från en datorskärm till en mobiltelefonskärm, ger det att använda relativ omskalning och förenkling av objekt i en scen jämfört med att justera färg, silhuett och ljussättning.

    Undersökningen genomfördes genom att adaptera en 3d-modellerad scen till två olika versioner. En av versionerna av scenen modifierades genom relativ omskalning och förenkling av objekt enligt tidigare forskning inom närliggande område. Den andra versionen av scenen modifierades genom att justera färg, silhuett och ljussättning baserat på teoretiska grunder. Dessa två versioner av en scen jämfördes sedan mot varandra, och mot original scenen de var adapterade ifrån, i en undersökning.  Undersökningen genomfördes med hjälp av en kvalitativ undersökning i form utav semistrukturerade intervjuer.

    Resultatet av undersökningen visar på viss skillnad i perceptionen av de olika versionerna.  De olika adaptionsversionerna får grafiken att uppfattas olika, och påverkar observationsvänligheten av grafiken. Resultatet visar även på att dessa metoder inte gör grafiken lättare att uppfatta jämfört med original scenen. 

  • 227.
    Aronsson, Emelie
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience.
    Kan tacksamhet främja moraliskt beteende?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats har undersökt om tacksamhet kan påverka vårt moraliska beteende, genom att se över studier som gjorts inom psykologi och kognitiv neurovetenskap. Tidigare forskning har fokuserat mestadels på hur det kognitiva resonerandet påverkar ens moral. På senare tid har forskningen allt mer betonat specifika emotioners avgörande roll för om man agerar efter moraliska normer eller inte. Dessa emotioner benämns som moraliska emotioner. En av dessa moraliska emotioner är tacksamhet. Tacksamhet har i studier visats fungera som en moralisk barometer, stärka välgörares fortsatta moraliska beteende samt fungera som ett moraliskt motiv. Den neurala grunden för tacksamhet är ännu relativt outforskad. Emotioners generella påverkan på moraliskt beteende samt positiva emotioners tendenser till agerande (eng: action tendencies) kan dock ses som ett steg till ökad förståelse om hur tacksamheten påverkar vårt moraliska beteende.

  • 228.
    Aronsson, Victor
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Berg, Jonathan
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Hantering av försörjningsrisker: En intervjustudie på tre svenska företag2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today's Supply chain is expanding at a higher rate than before and can cover many different continents, which means that organizations are exposing themselves to a high variety of risks. An area that gets affected a lot by this trend is the organizations sourcing departments, which gets more complex the bigger it gets. It becomes harder to identify uncertainties and risks that can come to affect the inbound flow of goods and services. Studies around the subject risk management focus mostly on all kinds of risks that can come to affect a company and its supply chain. This is what makes this study relevant because it specifies around managing supply risks and how it is archived by Swedish companies. The purpose of this study is to create an understanding of what can come to affect the inbound flow of goods and services and what kind of approaches the studied companies can have to avoid or mitigate different kinds of supply risks. To fulfill this study's purpose, the purpose has been broken down into two questions and will be answered from both a theoretical and company point of view.

    The empirical part of this study consists of three interviews with three different companies and the information that have been collected by these three interviews has then later been analyzed and connected with earlier theory. This has then laid the foundation for the study's findings. One finding that has been made is that different kinds of sourcing strategies create different kinds of supply risks, which leads to that companies needs to customize their risk management activities after their sourcing strategies.

    The study's findings can help companies get a greater understanding of different factors that may affect their sourcing and also what you should keep in mind when formulating a risk management strategy.

     

  • 229.
    Arslanovic, Senad
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Kämpe Nilsson, Christoffer
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Employer branding för att attrahera och rekrytera talangfull personal: En studie om hur organisationer kan använda Employer branding för att attrahera och rekrytera talangfull personal2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The struggle for talents is a problem that can exist in a labour market. Organizations must differentiate themselves to compete for talent. To attracting and recruiting has become a more important dilemma for organizations. The organization wants to attract and recruit the talents to its organization, since this means market benefits and that the organization can be more attractive. Therefore, it is important to highlight why and to understand how organizations can use Employer branding to attract and recruit talented staff.

    Purpose: The purpose is to investigate how organizations use Employer branding to recruit talented staff and thereby explain the connection between studies and business.

    Method: In order to be able to answer the purpose of the report, a qualitative study with six interviews was conducted with managers at each organization. The interviews were conducted to gain a deeper understanding of how Employer branding can be used by organizations. In addition to interviews, observations were performed on the organisation's social media to investigate how this corresponds to what has been said in the interviews. The respondents were selected based on their relevant professional role in each organization, which is considered to have knowledge and experience within Employer branding and recruitment.

    Result/Conclusion: The study has concluded that the organizations find it difficult to define talent. The organizations that has been interviewed to the study agreed that talent was important with talented staff. Organizations can use Employer branding as a marketing strategy to attract and recruit talented workers to their organization. To use Employer branding organizations can work with four components: organizational attributes, promotion & communication channels, formation of employer image and employer attractiveness. The study organizations are positive towards the components and use them to a large extent. The organizations use marketing and communication channels to showcase their brand, which candidates they are looking for and what is important with the service. All organizations also think it is important to have a good image because it shows that organizations can be attractive in the future. The organizations members try to perform well in the organizations interests outside the workplace. Employer branding can thus be used as a strategy to reach out to talents in a labour market.

  • 230.
    Arvidsson, Alexander
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Lindeberg, Ferdinand
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Finansiell utveckling efter equity crowdfunding2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Crowdfunding refers to the endeavors of companies raising capital from the public via the internet. There are different types of crowdfundig, and this study focuses on equity crowdfunding, which means that investors receive equity in the form of company shares in exchange for investing in the company. We have analyzed 24 companies post funding through equity crowdfunding via the crowdfunding platform FundedByMe. The results of the study show that 19 of the companies survived. These 19 companies make up all of the study's observations. Through the testing of two hypotheses where different factors concerning the raising of capital are put in relation to the financial growth of the companies, results show that no relationship between number of investors and sales growth exist, nor does any relationship between profit growth and portion of company stock issued to external stakeholders through the equity crowdfunding campaign exist. These results are conflicting with previous studies that have shown that such relationships exist. This could possibly be due to the study's limited sampling size, which could be an explanation as to why no statistical significance for the testing of the hypotheses was found in most cases. The number of investors for each company in this study ranged between 19 and 398. Due to the fact that previous research has shown a positive relationship between number of investors and sales growth, it is a reasonable assumption that tendencies towards this relationship are to be found in this study as well. Instead, the development of sales growth tends to be rather random and fluctuating. This is also true for profit growth, except for two years after the raising of capital, where a positive and statistically significant relationship between profit growth and portion of company stock issued to external stakeholders can be found.The results are analyzed based on the theory of behavioral finance and herding.

  • 231.
    Arvidsson, Emma
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Marknadsföringsetik: Unga konsumenters reaktioner på könsdiskriminerande marknadsföring2011Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En ständig konkurrens har gjort att det för företag gäller att utforma marknadsföring som uppmärksammas mer än andras, vilket medfört att de improviserar och ibland går över etiska riktlinjer. Könsdiskriminerande inslag är ett resultat av dessa improvisationer och det har ur samhällsperspektiv bidragit till ökat våld och en negativ syn på dagens idealkropp, samtidigt som det ur ett företagsperspektiv kan leda till att en negativ attityd skapas till marknadsföringen. På grund av dessa problem är det av stor betydelse för företag att anpassa sin marknadsföring efter konsumenters reaktioner, genom att lyssna på dem kan det nämligen utformas marknadsföring som är positiv för både företag och konsumenter.  

    Med syftet att undersöka hur unga konsumenter i åldrar mellan 18 och 25 år reagerar på könsdiskriminerande inslag i reklamfilmer, genomfördes två öppna gruppintervjuer med fem respektive åtta konsumenter. Av intresse var inte endast konsumenters reaktioner, utan även vilka följder inslagen kan få för de företag som använder dem i sin kommunikation.

    Som teoretisk grund för uppsatsen finns information om vad som framkommit under tidigare undersökningar av hur konsumenter reagerat på könsdiskriminerande inslag, men även vad det är för regler som gäller vid användning av inslagen samt hur konsumenter uppmärksammar den marknadsföring de exponeras för. Makro- och mikromålkedjorna används även, för att kunskap ska fås angående hur företag bör fastlägga kommunikationssatsningar för att lyckas med dem.  

    Undersökningen visar att de unga konsumenterna inte anser att det är lämpligt att använda sig av könsdiskriminerande inslag i sin marknadsföring. Stor skillnad kan ses på reaktioner vad gäller sexistisk respektive schabloniserande marknadsföring, då de blir mycket starkare vid sexistiska reklamfilmer där ohälsosamma ideal används för att öka försäljningen. Det kan konstateras att användningen på kort sikt straffar sig för företag då konsumenter ogillar reklamfilmen, men även på lång sikt då det resulterar i försämrat varumärke.

    På grund av de negativa påföljder könsdiskriminerande inslag resulterar i kan det rekommenderas till företag att inte använda sig av dem, utan andra marknadsföringsknep bör hittas för att fånga uppmärksamhet. Om företag trots allt behöver använda sig av sexistiska inslag bör det samband som finns mellan produkt och modell framgå bättre, för att en negativ attityd inte ska skapas på grund av missuppfattning.

  • 232.
    Arvidsson, Erica
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Jansson, Marie
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Det gränslösa arbetet inom akademin: En kvalitativ studie om hur högskolelärare upplever det gränslösa arbetet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Due to the development of the information and communication technology the boundaries of where and when to carry out your work have faded. In other words, the work has become boundless. Although this allows for flexibility over working hours, place of work and increased control over your work it can also lead to overload and work related stress, which can have a negative impact on work life balance and therefore health. Also, in the long run it can adversely affect the organization as it can lead to reduced productivity, sickness absence and staff turnover, which is associated with greater costs. As a teacher at the academy there are far reaching opportunities to extend the workplace’s hours and location due to the prevalence of information and communication technology, where this study examines the experiences university lecturers have of the boundless work and its impact on health.

    Aim: The aim of the present study is to investigate university teachers' experiences of the boundless work within the academy to increase understanding of how boundless work can affect health and thereby increasing understanding of how it may be a health factor or risk factor.

    Method: As the present study aimed at capturing individual peoples’ experiences, thoughts and descriptions regarding their work situation with boundless work in a nuanced manner, a qualitative method was chosen. The gathering of empirical data was done through ten individual semi- structured interviews at a university in Sweden.

    Conclusion: The study's results indicate that social support is important in boundless work and can, among other things, help stressful periods to be perceived as less demanding. Continuously being available, however, can affect health negatively, with the perceived stress that comes with availability via email. Furthermore, the result suggests that self-control and freedom at work can be both a risk and a healthy factor depending on how boundaries occur to the rest of life, which may depend on the individual's own requirements and career prospects, as well as the joy of his work. This means that the individual’s ability to create boundaries between work and private life is fundamental in a boundless work.

  • 233.
    Arvidsson, Sandra
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Andersson, Emma
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Johansson, Frida
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Kundmötet: Ur kundens synvinkel2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Customer service is an important factor in today´s society and has become a way to differentiate themselves from their competitors in the market. The staff’s treatment against the customer has a big significance if the customer experience from the visit is positive or negative. The acting from the staff against the customer can have the decisive role if the customers choose to come back to the store or not.

    The purpose of this report is to see how the customer wants the staff to treat them in a fashion store. There are a lot of studies that process how the staff should act against the customers, but less studies that declares how the customers want the staff to treat them in a store. The report will also illustrate if there is any differences how the customers want to be treated depending on the stores price.

    The study was based on a quantitative method as a survey. The survey was conducted by the survey tool Enalyzer through the social network Facebook and outside the two chosen fashion stores, MQ and Gina Tricot. 124 female respondents in different ages participated in the study.

    The result of this study showed that the staff’s attitude towards the customers plays a significant role for the respondents. The result also illustrates that there are both similarities and differences in the way the customers want to be treated by the staff in both stores. The similarities are that it was important for the respondents, irrespective in what store, to be greeted by the staff with a hello. It is clear that a smile and eye contact from the staff had the same significance in both stores. The differences that appeared concerned what attitudes the respondents value the most from the staff in MQ and Gina Tricot. In MQ the respondents value knowledge the most and in Gina Tricot the most preferred attitude from the staff is to be happy.

  • 234.
    Arvidsson, Sofie
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Vi gör vårt bästa - nu är det politikernas tur att bjuda till: En socialpsykologisk studie om förskollärares syn på förändringar inom förskolan de senaste tio åren2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats var att ta reda på om, och i så fall på vilket sätt, attityder till arbetet påverkats av strukturella förändringar och reformer som genomsyrat svensk förskoleverksamhet under de senaste tio åren. Genomförandet av studien skedde med hjälp av semistrukturerade intervjuer med sex stycken kvinnliga förskollärare på två olika förskolor. Förskolorna var båda kommunalt drivna samt belägna i samma upptagningsområde. Resultatet visade på att attityderna till själva arbetssituationen är blandade. Några respondenter ansåg, i jämförelse med tidigare, att deras arbetssituation är mer splittrad idag och i vissa fall upplevdes den som stressig. Orsaken till brist i kontinuitet och stress härleddes av dem till både strukturella förändringar men även till viss del till reformer. Andra respondenter konstaterade att det skett förändringar, så som fler barn, men att det inte hade inverkan på deras arbetssituation. Oavsett hur de såg på förändringarna uppgav respondenterna att de, trots förändringar, antingen gjorde så gott de kunde eller gjort ett aktivt val att inte låta förändringarna påverka dem negativt. De respondenter som ansåg att förändringarna inte påverkat dem negativt härledde dessa tankar till aktiva val, av dem själva enskilt och i arbetslaget. Det aktiva valet innebar att omdefiniera sin situation för att kunna klara av att arbeta i en inte alltid optimal miljö.

  • 235.
    Arweström Jansson, Anders
    et al.
    Department of Information Technology, Visual Information & Interaction, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Axelsson, AntonDepartment of Information Technology, Visual Information & Interaction, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.Andreasson, RebeccaDepartment of Information Technology, Visual Information & Interaction, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.Billing, ErikUniversity of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Proceedings of the 13th Swecog conference2017Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
  • 236.
    Asplund Fromholz, Marcus
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience.
    Idrottsprestationers påverkan av anspänning, oro och stress och förslag till prestationshöjande tekniker2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Anspänning, oro och stress är tre begrepp som har studerats länge, vilket har gett upphov till flertalet modeller, teorier och domäner där dessa begrepp har studerats och fortfarande studeras. I denna uppsats så kommer dessa tre begrepp bland annat att redogöras för var för sig med koppling till mätmetoder, idrott och kognitiv neurovetenskap. Syftet med uppsatsen är att beskriva hur idrottsprestationer kan påverkas av anspänning, oro och stress för att utifrån det kunna redogöra för evidensbaserade metoder som kan appliceras för att främja en idrottsprestation. Först kommer anspänning att redogöras för, anspänning följs sedan av oro som i sin tur följs av stress som sista begrepp. Avslutningsvis så behandlas även problematik och möjligheter för dessa begrepp inom forskningsfältet och dess tillämpningsområden.

  • 237.
    Assarsson, Therese
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Sellgren, Matilda
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Adolfsson, Olivia
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Produktivitetsmodellen: Hur kan detaljhandelsbutiker arbeta med produktivitet och lönsamhet med hjälp av denna modell2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 238.
    Atif, Yacine
    College of Information Technology, UAE University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates.
    Pedagogy-Based Technology Enhancement in Tertiary Education2013In: Strategic Role of Tertiary Education and Technologies for Sustainable Competitive Advantage / [ed] Patricia Ordóñez de Pablos, Robert D. Tennyson, IGI Global, 2013, p. 295-311Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Formal instruction still occurs predominantly in classroom environment, despite the rapid progress in online learning. The authors present digital patterns for classroom instruction to support classroom learning and assist instruction developers. They advocate design patterns and learning activities to encapsulate digital educational resources into pedagogically sound reusable components. This chapter proposes pedagogical patterns to drive content providers to meet learner profiles in regular tertiary education environments. Taking their roots from behavioral learning discipline, these patterns are digitized as part of a separate process in learning production workflows. The authors describe the overall organization of a learning production enterprise and position the pedagogical factory to drive the supply of learning contents in increasingly digitized tertiary education institutions. This chapter reunites digital patterns to support personalization and conversational pedagogies in classroom contexts.

  • 239.
    Atif, Yacine
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Chou, Chien
    Institute of Education, National Chiao Tung University, Taiwan.
    Digital Citizenship: Innovations in Education, Practice, and Pedagogy2018In: Educational Technology & Society, ISSN 1176-3647, E-ISSN 1436-4522, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 3p. 152-154Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are still disparities in technology-access despite economic pressures and widespread promises to overcome them. The induced digital gap defines the degree of digital citizenship for which, unified policies have yet to be drawn at various educational levels to reduce that gap. The quest for a broad participation to develop digital citizenship competencies needs further investigations into innovative educational approaches, pedagogical methods, and routine practices that foster digital literacy, and narrows the digital divide. This special issue accumulates original theoretical and empirical research contributions across contemporary digital citizenship perspectives. The final selection of the papers explores digital citizenship concepts such as ethics, digital literacy and participation, in various contexts to develop opportunities for a wider engagement in social actions. The international perspectives of contributing authors shed lights on digital citizenship prospects across unique contexts among different nations. 

  • 240.
    Atif, Yacine
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Stylianos, Sergis
    University of Piraeus, Athens, Greece.
    Demetrios, Sampson
    Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Mathiason, Gunnar
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    A Cyberphysical Learning Approach for Digital Smart Citizenship Competence Development2017In: WWW '17: Proceedings of the 26th International Conference on World Wide Web Companion, ACM Digital Library, 2017, p. 397-405Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Smart Cities have emerged as a global concept that argues for the effective exploitation of digital technologies to drive sustainable innovation and well-being for citizens. Despite the large investments being placed on Smart City infrastructure, however, there is still very scarce attention on the new learning approaches that will be needed for cultivating Digital Smart Citizenship competences, namely the competences which will be needed by the citizens and workforce of such cities for exploiting the digital technologies in creative and innovative ways for driving financial and societal sustainability. In this context, this paper introduces cyberphysical learning as an overarching model of cultivating Digital Smart Citizenship competences by exploiting the potential of Internet of Things technologies and social media, in order to create authentic blended and augmented learning experiences.

  • 241.
    Auruskeviciene, Vilte
    et al.
    Kaunas University of Technology, Lithuania.
    Radon, Anita
    University of Borås, Sweden.
    Abraha, Desalegn
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Reardon, James
    University of Northern Colorado, USA.
    Vida, Irena
    University of Ljubljana, Slovenia.
    Consumer Decision Model of Intellectual Property Theft in Eurasia Markets2015In: 15th EBES conference, Jan 8-10, Lisbon, Portugal, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 242.
    Auvinen, Julia
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Norrbin, Cornelia
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Antaganden vid värdering av goodwill2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 243.
    Avdic, Adna
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Brodd, Andreas
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Hållbarhetsredovisning i kommuner: En studie som jämför kommuner i Västra Götaland2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, more and more companies and organizations are working on CSR activities because it is something the public demands more and more that companies and organizations should take environmental and community considerations into account. Municipal operations differ from companies and have no compulsory law to establish a sustainability report. Because sustainability reports are more applicable to companies, it will be difficult for municipalities to introduce this. The municipalities have different interest groups to consider where the two most important are politicians and residents. Due to the existence of information asymmetry between municipalities and their stakeholders, they have an obligation to provide information to reduce this.

    The study aims to investigate municipalities in Västra Götaland to see how they work with sustainability reporting and whether they only report the economic aspect or the environmental and social aspects of Tripel Bottom Line. The aim is also to look at which stakeholders the sustainability report is aimed at, but also to contribute to a greater understanding of sustainability reporting in municipal operations.

    The implementation of the study has been done through qualitative interviews where six municipalities have been interviewed and a total of nine informants have contributed with information to answer the purpose of the study. The obtained empirical material has come up with an analysis that is in relation to the theoretical frame of reference, which in turn has led to the conclusion.The study has concluded that municipalities act differently when they follow up and analyze their results, but that they are all based on the social, environmental and economic dimensions. However, there are difficulties when municipalities are to analyze their key figures to see, for example, increased sickness absence due to the absence of a general approach for municipalities to use. The study also found that a municipality has a wide range of stakeholders but that these stakeholders are valued differently.

  • 244.
    Awuah, Gabriel Baffour
    et al.
    School of Business and Engineering, University of Halmstad, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Abraha Gebrekidan, Desalegn
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Networked (interactive) position: a new view of developing and sustaining competitive advantage2008In: Competitiveness Review: an international business journal, ISSN 1059-5422, E-ISSN 2051-3143, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 333-350Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – In the extant literature a firm's development of its competitive advantage is seen to be the task of the firm alone. The purpose of this paper is to introduce a new and a broader approach of how competitive advantage can be developed and maintained in today's highly competitive and dynamic markets. To this end, how a firm handles its relationships with significant actors in its network becomes very decisive for the development of its competitive advantage.

    Design/methodology/approach – Drawing on a network approach, case studies have been used to shed lights on the extent to which the development of competitive advantage of firms affect and are affected by their interaction with some actors in a network of exchange relationships.

    Findings – An important conclusion of this study is that a firm's highly valued performance, an indication of its strong position or competitive strength, has its roots in its regular and intensive interaction with some significant actors in its network.

    Research limitations/implications – All firms in this study have demonstrated that competitive advantage can be achieved by building up a strong position through interaction, learning and adaptation with some significant actors in the marketplace. Since the study is based on one setting, extending a similar study to several settings will be very useful.

    Originality/value – The paper provides insights into how a firm, in the effort to build its competitive advantage, draws on its own capabilities and complementary capabilities of its partners in a network.

  • 245.
    Awuah, Gabriel Baffour
    et al.
    Halmstad Univ, Sch Business & Engn, Halmstad, Sweden .
    Abraha Gebrekidan, Desalegn
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Osarenkhoe, Aihie
    Univ Gavle, Dept Business Studies, Gavle, Sweden.
    Interactive (networked) internationalization: the case of Swedish firms2011In: European Journal of Marketing, ISSN 0309-0566, E-ISSN 1758-7123, Vol. 45, no 7-8, p. 1112-1129Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this study is to provide deeper insights into the extent to which an independent actor(s) actively collaborates with the internationalizing firm so as to jointly determine the choice of market, the mode of entry and the level of investment committed in the market to be entered and even after the entry (i.e. the ongoing activities). Design/methodology/approach - Against the previous purpose section, a qualitative research approach is selected to guide the exploratory nature of this study. Thus qualitative data are used to build the two case studies because case studies are generally a more appropriate approach when "how" and "why" questions are being posed and when the investigator has little control over events. Findings - Based on two multiple case studies, one major finding of the study shows that independent actors, with their interconnected networks, have played and are still playing a major role in influencing the internationalization processes of each of the two firms in this study. Originality/value - This is an original paper developed based on two case studies which have not been published in any journal before. The paper highlights the role of external independent actors in internationalization, which is not mentioned at all or stressed in the extant literature.

  • 246.
    Axelsson, Maria
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Melani, Monica
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Datorn som komplement i undervisningen: En studie om datorer som ett led i läs- och skrivinlärningen2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The school is a place of work where teachers, with different tools, are supposed to teach their students for the future. In the study the teachers’ opinions will be lifted when it comes to use of computers as a tool to teach the students how to read and write. The interpretation is that the use of computers is reflecting the development of society and the intention is to find out if computers will be used in a didactic purpose in teaching. We focused on getting knowledge about which different opinions there are among teachers in grade 1-3 when it comes to the use of computers as a tool in teaching how to read and write. The study is qualitative and is built on five interviews done at four different schools. The result presents how teachers consider how they use computers as a tool in a didactic purpose in teaching how to read and write in the students´ young years. Furthermore which ideas the teachers have about how they would like to use computers in a didactic purpose in teaching how to read and write. In the result there also will be lifted which elements according to the teachers make this computer using possible. Finally, the result is discussed in relation to the literature and our own reflections.

  • 247.
    Ayeb, Eman
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Järrebring, Ida
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    "I vårt samhälle är du antingen eller".: En kvalitativ studie om unga vuxnas upplevelser av att leva med dubbla kulturella identiteter.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 248.
    Azrak, Nadim
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Dierkes, Malin
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Hur uppfattar entreprenören professionalisering av management?: En studie om förstagångsentreprenören ur ett psykologiskt perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: När en entreprenör startar sitt företag är tankarna ofta inte hur stort företaget kommer att bli eller hur hanteringen av management kommer att se ut. Med ett växande företag tillkommer antalet anställda och managementfrågorna bli allt större. Entreprenören är också sällan utbildad inom management och med ett växande företag kan okunskapen och ibland brist på intresse för management väcka frågan om professionalisering. Ur ett organisationsperspektiv anses professionalisering vara gynnsamt för företag, men hur ser entreprenören på processen?

    Syfte: Detta arbete undersöker förstagångsentreprenörens uppfattning kring professionaliseringsprocessen av management ur ett psykologiskt perspektiv, för att skapa en djupare förståelse för ämnet. Det psykologiska perspektiv som undersöks i arbetet är entreprenörens egenskaper och motivationer.

    Metod: Studien använder sig av den kvalitativa forskningsmetoden och sex intervjuer har genomförts.

    Slutsats: Efter att entreprenörerna analyserats utifrån “The Theory of Achievement Motivation” och “The Locus of Control Theory”, resulterade det i att alla entreprenörer anser processen vara nödvändig i ett växande företag. Däremot visar resultaten också att entreprenörer som uppvisar ett kontrollbehov och behov av makt att detta försvårar processens genomgång. Entreprenörer utan kontrollbehov anser det vara skönt att slippa bära på så mycket ansvar själv. Eftersom alla entreprenörer visar ett behov av prestation skulle ändå samtliga entreprenörer genomgå processen för att gynna företag, om entreprenören vill att företaget ska växa.

  • 249.
    Babawi, Sadeer
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Güner, Johannes
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    DIGITALISERING INOM BANKSEKTORN: Hur uppfattar svenska storbanker och FinTech bolag de möjligheter och hot som uppkommer i samband med den ökande digitaliseringen?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: A big part of the Swedish economy rests on the shoulders of the Swedish bank sector. Because of the increasing digitalization in recent times, the difference in competition has become substantially more evident and it has received a completely new starting point compared to before. The newest and most recent additions to the competition within the banking sector are examples such as FinTech companies, international banks and other parties that are also starting to compete with the big Swedish banks for market shares.

    Purpose and problem formulation: The purpose of this study is to describe the way the big Swedish banks and FinTech companies perceive the different opportunities and threats related to the increased digitalization that we see today. This will allow us to try and create an understanding of what the future might look like and what has already changed within the banking sector ever since the introduction of digitalization. How do the big Swedish banks and FinTech companies perceive the different opportunities and threats related to the increased digitalization?

    Theoretical frame of reference: The theories that have been used during the study are isomorphism with the notion of compelling, imitating and normative isomorphism as well as Porter's strategy theory, the five force model. A SWOT analysis has been used to more easily identify the banks' strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats during the digitization. The study has also used previous research and taken into account the quest for legitimacy and demands for cost efficiency. This has become a support for the empirical results that have been collected in order to be able to analyze more easily, reach a conclusion and thus get the problem formulation answered.

    Method: The empirical material has been collected with a qualitative method. 5 informants have participated in semi-structured interviews.

    Conclusion: The authors of the study have identified, described and explained several factors as to how they perceive opportunities and threats during the increasing digitization. The informants shared both opportunities and threats, such as the fact that the PSD2 regulations increase competition and improve the situation for smaller players to compete against the big banks. The study has also been limited to big Swedish banks and FinTech companies.

  • 250.
    Bachmann, Talis
    et al.
    Estonian Center of Behavioral and Health Sciences, University of Tartu, Estonia.
    Sikka, Pilleriin
    Estonian Center of Behavioral and Health Sciences, Estonian Center of Behavioral and Health Sciences, University of Tartu, Estonia.
    Perception of successive targets presented in invariant-item streams2005In: Acta Psychologica, ISSN 0001-6918, E-ISSN 1873-6297, Vol. 120, no 1, p. 19-34Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When two successive, spatially overlapping, targets (S1 and S2) are presented on a blank background, S2 typically dominates in explicit perception. We tested whether S2 dominance is also found for the conditions of presenting S1 and S2 in a stream of irrelevant objects. Successive target letters were presented within a stream of invariant stimulus items (capital Is). The stream items were presented either as a perceptually continuous object where both type and token appeared invariant (60-Hz stream) or as a flickering stream of successive replicas of the invariant stationary object where the type appeared invariant but the token appearance seemed intermittent (20-Hz condition). Compared to the control condition where targets were presented on a blank background we found that (1) recognition rate was lower for targets embedded in a perceptually continuous type-and-token object (60 Hz), but was unchanged for targets in a perceptually flickering sequence of the invariant-object tokens (20 Hz); (2) S1 recognition rate was higher compared to S2 recognition rate within the first epoch of stream (0-150 ms) while within the later stream-epochs S2 dominated over S1 as usual; (3) the overall difference in recognition rates between S1 and S2 was decreased. The results are discussed in the theoretical context of visual masking and attentional blink.

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