his.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
1234567 151 - 200 of 1263
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 151.
    Berggren, Malin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Berglund, Johanna
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    När hjärtat slutat slå: patientens upplevelse att överleva ett hjärtstopp. En litteraturbaserad studie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: To suffer from cardiac arrest can be experienced as a dramatic event that affects both the health and life world. All of the patients have an existential coherency that affects the health, life and the patient itself. As a nurse you will be able to see the patient's life world and understand how different contexts affects the patient's experienced health. Purpose: The purpose was to describe the patient’s experience of surviving cardiac arrest. Method: The chosen method was a literature based study with a qualitative approach that included 11 articles that was analyzed using a method described by Friberg. Results: Through analysis of the data material three main themes was generated with associated sub themes. From the analysis of the data emerged three main themes a new every day life, a changed life and a life changing limitation with an inoperable defibrillator with ten undertheme. Conclusion: The majority of the patients experienced worry, fear and anxiety in their everyday life. They needed to develop new strategies to cope with their new life with the help of routines and planning to decrease stress in their everyday life.

  • 152.
    Bergh, Ingrid
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Pain in the elderly: rating scales, prevalence and verbal expression of pain and pain relief2003Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 153.
    Bergh, Ingrid
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Björk, Maria
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Sense of coherence over time for parents with a child diagnosed with cancer2012In: BMC Pediatrics, ISSN 1471-2431, E-ISSN 1471-2431, Vol. 12, p. Article number 79-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: When a child is diagnosed with childhood cancer this creates severe stress in the parents. The aim of the study was to describe the sense of coherence and its change over time in a sample of parents of children diagnosed with cancer.

    Methods: The Swedish version of SOC (29 items) was used to measure the parents’ (n = 29) sense of coherence. Data were collected at four time-points: Time-point 1 at the time of diagnosis; time-point 2 during the treatment; time-point 3 after the child had completed their treatment and time-point 4 when the child had been off treatment for some years or had died.

    Results: The results showed that SOC in the investigated population is not stable over time. The parents decreased in total SOC between time-points 1, 2 and 3. Mothers had significantlyweaker total SOC score including the components Manageability and Meaningfulness at time-points 1 as well time-point 2 compared to the fathers. However, for the component Comprehensibility no significant differences were shown between mothers and fathers. This study indicates that mothers’ and fathers’ SOC scores change over time during the child’s cancer trajectory. However, the pattern in these changes varies between mothers and fathers.

    Conclusions: This study indicates that mothers and fathers may have different support needs during their child’s cancer trajectory.

  • 154.
    Bergh, Ingrid H. E.
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Ek, Kristina
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Mårtensson, Lena B.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Midwifery students attribute different quantitative meanings to "hurt", "ache" and "pain": A cross-sectional survey2013In: Women and Birth, ISSN 1871-5192, E-ISSN 1878-1799, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 143-146Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Assessment of women's labor pain is seldom acknowledged in clinical practice or research. The words "aching" and "hurting" are frequently used by women to describe childbirth pain. The aim of this study was to determine the quantitative meanings midwifery students attribute to the terms "hurt", "ache" and "pain". Data was collected by self-administered questionnaire from students at seven Swedish midwifery programs. A total of 230 filled out and returned a completed questionnaire requesting them to rate, on a visual analog scale, the intensity of "hurt", "ache" or "pain" in the back, as reported by a fictitious parturient. Results: The midwifery students attributed, with substantial individual variation, different quantitative meanings to the studied pain descriptors. Conclusions: To be able to communicate about pain with a woman in labor, it is essential that the midwife be familiar with the value of different words and what they mean to her as this may affect her assessment when the woman describes her pain. © 2012.

  • 155.
    Bergh, Ingrid H. E.
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Johansson, Anna
    Univ Hosp Örebro, Dept Obstet, Örebro, Sweden.
    Bratt, Annelie
    Skaraborgs Hosp, Dept Obstet & Gynecol, Skövde, Sweden.
    Ekström, Anette
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Mårtensson, Lena B.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Assessment and documentation of women's labour pain: A cross-sectional study in Swedish delivery wards2015In: Women and Birth, ISSN 1871-5192, E-ISSN 1878-1799, Vol. 28, no 2, p. E14-E18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A woman's pain during labour plays a dominant role in childbirth. The midwife's role is to assess the degree of pain experienced during labour. When professionals respond to labour pain with acknowledgement and understanding, the woman's sense of control and empowerment is increased, which could contribute to a positive experience of childbirth. The aim of this study is to describe how labour pain in Swedish delivery wards is assessed and documented. Methods: This quantitative descriptive study was designed as a national survey performed through telephone interviews with the representatives of 34 delivery wards in Sweden. Results and conclusion: The majority of the participating delivery wards assessed and documented women's labour pain, but in an unstructured manner. The wards differed in how the assessments and documentation were performed. In addition, almost all the delivery wards that participated in the survey lacked guidelines for the assessment and documentation of the degree of pain during labour. The findings also showed that the issue of labour pain was sometimes discussed in the delivery wards, but not in a structured or consistent way. (C) 2015 Australian College of Midwives. Published by Elsevier Australia (a division of Reed International Books Australia Pty Ltd). All rights reserved.

  • 156.
    Bergh, Ingrid
    et al.
    University of Skövde, Department of Health Sciences. Avdelningen för geriatrik, Göteborgs universitet.
    Sjöström, Björn
    University of Skövde, Department of Health Sciences.
    Steen, Bertil
    Avdelningen för geriatrik, Göteborgs universitet.
    Smärta hos äldre: Skattningsskalor – förekomst och verbala uttryck för smärta och smärtlindring2003In: Incitament: för en hälso- & sjukvård i förvandling, ISSN 1103-503X, Vol. 12, no 7, p. 642-644Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Smärta är inte en del av det normala åldrandet, men många äldre drabbas av sjukdomar som leder till smärta. Smärta är en subjektiv sensorisk och emotionell obehagsupplevelse med faktisk eller potentiell vävnadsskada. Varje person upplever smärta på sitt sätt och denna uppfattning får avgörande betydelse för hur hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal kan förhålla sig till människor med smärta.

    Utgångspunkten för denna avhandling var att studera smärtförekomst bland äldre och att evaluera användandet av smärtskalor. Våra resultat visar att skattningsskalor kan vara till hjälp.

    Artikeln baserad på Ingrid Berghs avhandling: Pain in the elderly - Rating scales, prevalence and verbal expression of pain relief

  • 157.
    Bergh, Ingrid
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Söderlund, Tina
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Skaraborg Hospital, SE-541 85 Skövde, Sweden.
    Vinterskog, Linda
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Skaraborg Hospital, SE-541 85 Skövde, Sweden.
    Mårtensson, Lena B.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Reliability and validity of the Acceptance Symptom Assessment Scale in assessing labour pain2012In: Midwifery, ISSN 0266-6138, E-ISSN 1532-3099, Vol. 28, no 5, p. e684-e688Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: to investigate the reliability and validity of the Acceptance Symptom Assessment Scale (ASAS) in assessing labour pain.

    Design: a test-retest approach was used to assess reliability and validity.

    Setting: labour ward with approximately 2,400 deliveries annually in western part of Sweden.

    Participants: forty-seven pregnant women in the latent or active phase of labour.

    Methods: a total of five pain assessments with both the ASAS and the VAS were conducted in three sessions.

    Main outcome measures: correlation between ASAS and VAS.

    Findings: both scales demonstrated high and significant test–retest correlations (r=0.83–0.92; p<0.001). High and significant alternative-form reliability correlations (r=0.76–0.93, p<0.001) were found between ASAS and VAS ratings at all five assessments. Construct validity was established when both the ASAS and the VAS identified a pain reduction(p<0.001) 2 hrs after birth, compared to the previous assessment. Over two-thirds of the women preferred the ASAS to the VAS ,mainly(n=30) because the ASAS provided more choices relating to the pain experience, making it possible to label pain acceptable/unacceptable.

    Conclusions: the ASAS is interchangeable with the VAS for assessing labour pain. Over two-thirds of the women preferred it to the VAS.

  • 158.
    Bergkvist, Krister
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Lundberg, Pär
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Icke-farmakologiska Smärtlindrande Omvårdnadsåtgärder Inom Prehospital Akutsjukvård: En Kvalitativ Beskrivning av olika tillvägagångssätt2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    One of the most common complaints of patient’s in need of prehospital emergency care is pain of some sort. Since November 1 2005 a big portion of the ambulance personnel is no longer allowed to administer drugs of any kind. Hence it is reasonable to assume that pain treatment nowadays is carried out with both pharmacological and non-pharmacological methods. Therefore the authors saw an interest in investigating how the ambulance personnel look at the concept of, and treatment of pain.

    The aim of this study was to, with focus on non-pharmacological measures, describe how Swedish ambulance personnel treat the patient in pain.

    The study was conducted with 5 interviews with ambulance personnel. The interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed. The analysis revealed four main themes with a number of sub themes. The theme opinions of pain disclose the informant’s view of pain as an individual phenomenon and what changes the patients perception of pain. Refuting and behavior in tending patients describes the informant’s opinions that a calm refuting and a good relationship with the patient could divert the patient’s thoughts about the pain. Assessment and treatment describes the need for individual adaptation when treating patients in pain. Combination therapy is successful revealed the informants thoughts that a combination of both pharmacological and non-pharmacological gives the best result.

  • 159.
    Berglund Kristiansson, Elisabeth
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Källman, Ulrika
    Research Department, Region Västra Götaland, South Älvsborg Hospital, Borås, Sweden.
    Healthcare staff's views on the patients' prerequisites to be co-creator in preventing healthcare-associated infections2019In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Every year, patients are affected by suffering and death caused by adverse events in connection with health care and the most common adverse events are healthcare-associated infections (HAI). The Swedish Patient Act from 2015 strengthens the patient's position in health care; however, there is lack of knowledge of how healthcare staff experience the possibilities to make the patient involved in the preventive work of HAI. Aim To describe healthcare professionals' views on the patient's prerequisites to be co-creator in preventing HAI in connection with hospital care. Method This study had a qualitative descriptive design with semi-structured individual interviews. Qualitative inductive content analysis was used to analyse the transcribed interview data. The study setting was a hospital in Sweden in 2015. Interviews were carried out among six healthcare professionals. Results In the analysis, 5 themes and 14 categories were identified in three different domains: Organisation, Healthcare staff and Patient. The result indicates an obstacle in each domain for the patient to become co-creator in preventing HAI. In Organisation domain, a lack of organizational structure such as elaborated working methods to involve the patient was pointed out. In the domain Healthcare staff, it showed that the professionals allocate the responsibility of preventing HAI to the patient but only if they had to or if they trusted the patient. In the Patient domain, the result states that the patient was perceived as passive; they did not take own initiatives to get involved. Conclusion The patient has an important role in successful HAI prevention work and should be considered as an obvious co-creator. Nevertheless, this study shows that neither organisation nor healthcare staff are sufficiently prepared for this. The organisation must make an anchored, structured and systematic work centred on the patient's needs and give more support both to healthcare professionals and patients.

  • 160.
    Berglund, Mia
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Andersson, Susanne
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Kjellsdotter, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Att drabbas av långvarig sjukdom2017In: Vägen till patientens värld och personcentrerad vård: Att bli lyssnad på och förstådd / [ed] Karin Dahlberg, Inger Ekman, Stockholm: Liber, 2017, 1, p. 93-116Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 161.
    Berglund, Mia
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Gillsjö, Catharina
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Reflekterande KRAFT-givande samtal2017In: Vägen till patientens värld och personcentrerad vård: Att bli lyssnad på och förstådd / [ed] Karin Dahlberg, Inger Ekman, Stockholm: Liber, 2017, 1, p. 317-334Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 162.
    Berglund, Mia
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Gillsjö, Catharina
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education. College of Nursing, University of Rhode Island, USA.
    Svanström, Rune
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Keys to person-centred care to persons living with dementia: Experiences from an educational program in Sweden2019In: Dementia, ISSN 1471-3012, E-ISSN 1741-2684, Vol. 18, no 7-8, p. 2695-2709Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Growing old entails an increased risk of disabilities and illnesses such as dementia. The orientation in Sweden on national level is that individuals remain in their own homes if desired and receive person-centred home care. The aim of this study was to describe the experience of an educational program and its influence on daily provision of care to persons with dementia. A lifeworld approach was used. Data were collected through group interviews with care providers in the context of home. The findings are presented in five themes: Increased knowledge about dementia and treatment, Relationship-building in order to provide good care, Open and flexible approach conveys calm, Continuity and flexibility are cornerstones in the care and Perceived improvements. This person-centred educational intervention resulted in a care that was based on each individual’s personality, preferences and priorities in life. Education given with continuity over time is key to improving provision of care to person with dementia.

  • 163.
    Berglund, Mia
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Nässén, Kristina
    Academy of Care, Working Life and Social Welfare, University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Gillsjö, Catharina
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education. College of Nursing, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, USA.
    Fluctuation between Powerlessness and Sense of Meaning: A Qualitative Study of Health Care Professionals’ Experiences of Providing Health Care to Older Adults with Long-Term Musculoskeletal Pain2015In: BMC Geriatrics, ISSN 1471-2318, E-ISSN 1471-2318, Vol. 15, article id 96Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: There is an increasing number of older adults living with long-term musculoskeletal pain and related disabilities. These problems are frequently unrecognized, underreported, and inadequately treated. Since many older adults desire to remain at home for as long as possible, it is important that individualized and holistically tailored care is provided in these settings. However, there is a complexity in providing care in this context.

    The aim of this study was to describe health care professionals’ experiences of providing health care to older adults living with long-term musculoskeletal pain at home.

    Methods: The phenomenon, “To provide health care to older adults living with long-term musculoskeletal pain at home”, was studied using reflective lifeworld research (RLR) which is based on phenomenological epistemology. Ten health care providers (nurse, physiotherapists, and occupational therapists) were interviewed and data was analysed.

    Results: The health care professional’s emotions fluctuated between powerlessness and meaningfulness. Needs, opportunities, understanding and respect had to be balanced in the striving to do good in the provision of health care in differing situations. Caring for older adults with long-term pain required courage to remain in the encounter despite feelings of insecurity and uncertainty about the direction of the dialogue. The essence of caring for older adults with long-term pain consisted of the following constituents: Sense of powerlessness; striving to provide good health care; and understanding and respect.

    Conclusions: The findings indicated that the health care professionals strived to do good and to provide health care that was holistic and sensitive to the older adults’ needs. A significant sense of powerlessness in the situation was experienced by the health care professionals. These findings address and support the need to develop methods that can be used to guide health care providers who support older adults in the context of their homes.

  • 164.
    Berglund, Mia
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Nässén, Kristina
    Academy of Care, Working Life and Social Welfare, University of Borås, Sweden.
    Hedén, Lena
    Academy of Care, Working Life and Social Welfare, University of Borås, Sweden.
    Gillsjö, Catharina
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Older Adults' Experiences of Reflective STRENGTH-Giving Dialogues: An Interview Study2016In: Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research, ISSN 2167-7182, Vol. 5, no 3, article id 1000304Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A major health problem that frequently accompanies old age is long-term pain, but pain must be acknowledged by older adults and health care providers. Interventions are needed to alleviate pain and suffering’ while holistically providing health care that promotes wellbeing. The intervention project, Reflective STRENGTHGiving Dialogues© (STRENGTH) was implemented to increase health and wellbeing among community dwelling older adults living with long-term musculoskeletal pain at home.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the older adults’ experiences of the intervention Reflective STRENGTH-Giving Dialogue.

    Method: A life world hermeneutic approach was used in collection and analysis of data. Twenty community dwelling older adults participated were interviewed in their homes after the intervention.

    Findings: The findings consisted of five themes and showed that the older adults experienced the Reflective STRENGTH-Giving Dialogues as a continuous and trusting relationship that alleviates the pain and breaks the loneliness. They expressed it as a new way to talk about life with pain. The dialogues supported reflection and memory and resulted in a transition in orientation in life.

    Conclusion: The Reflective STRENGTH-Giving Dialogues helped the older adults to increase their intellectual, emotional, and physical engagement in daily living. The dialogues facilitated a transition in orientation from past to present, to the future, and from obstacles to opportunities. The dialogues were oriented towards enjoyments, meaning, courage and strength in life as a whole which promoted the older adults’ sense of well-being and vitality. The dialogues also facilitated carrying out small and large life projects. The Reflective STRENGTH-Giving Dialogues created a deepened caring relationship that contributed to an increased sense of security, strength and courage, all of which enhanced the potential for better health and wellbeing.

  • 165.
    Berglund, Mia
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Westin, Lars
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Svanström, Rune
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Johansson Sundler, Annelie
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Suffering caused by care - Patients' experiences from hospital settings2012In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 7, article id 18688Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Suffering and well-being are significant aspects of human existence; in particular, suffering and well-being are important aspects of patients’ experiences following diseases. Increased knowledge about existential dimensions of illness and healthcare experiences may be needed in order to improve care and reduce unnecessary suffering. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to illuminate the phenomenon of suffering experienced in relation to healthcare needs among patients in hospital settings in Sweden. In this study, we used a reflective lifeworld approach. The data were analysed with a focus on meanings. The results describe the essential meaning of the phenomenon of suffering in relation to healthcare needs. The patients were suffering during care-giving when they felt distrusted or mistreated and when their perspective on illness and health was overlooked. Suffering was found to arise due to healthcare actions that neglected a holistic and patient-centred approach to care. Unfortunately, healthcare experiences that cause patients to suffer seem to be something one needs to endure without being critical. The phenomenon can be described as having four constituents: to be mistreated; to struggle for one’s healthcare needs and autonomy; to feel powerless; and to feel fragmented and objectified. The study concludes that there are problems associated with patients experiencing suffering at the hands of healthcare providers, even if this suffering may not have been caused deliberately to the patient. Consequently, conscious improvements are needed to lessen the suffering caused by care-giving, as are strategies that promote more patient-centred care and patient participation.

  • 166.
    Bergman, Johanna
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Simonsen, Lene-Therese
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Kvinnors upplevelser av att leva med urininkontinens: en litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Urinary incontinence is a common problem among women where prevalence increases with age. There are three types of urinary incontinence: urge, stress and mixed urinary incontinence. Existing treatment methods focus on decreasing suffering. Urinary incontinence in women affects their well-being, increases suffering and decreases autonomy.

    Aim: To describe women’s experiences living with urinary incontinence

    Method: General literature review, where ten articles were basis for the result.

    Results: Women generally experience that their daily lives are affected and changed by living with urinary incontinence. They describe how they create their own strategies to recapture control over their daily lives. Living with urinary incontinence causes impaired well-being because of the experience of shame and embarrassment which affect their relationships and social life with others.

    Conclusion: To cope with everyday life, the women create their own strategies, which include always being aware of where the nearest toilet is or to bring extra clothes when leaving home. The strategies mean that women experience reduced stress and worry about urinary leakage. Involuntary urinary retention affects women physically and mentally, which means that it is important that healthcare professionals have good knowledge and insight into the life of patients with urinary incontinence living daily.

  • 167.
    Bergquist, Marie
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Larsson, Sanna
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Skolsköterskans arbete med sex- och samlevnadsundervisning2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Research has shown that it is varies in the methods and the contents in the sexual- and interpersonal relation education. Students consider the sexual education need to improve. School nurses work to promote sexual health. It’s important to understand how school nurses work with education on sexuality- and interpersonal relations. Purpose: Describe how school nurses work with sex and social education. Method: Nine e-mail interviews were conducted. School nurses working with adolescents ages 12-18. Data analyzed with a qualitative meaning. Results: Demonstrated five themes; Knowledge and competence contribute to security with the sexual- and interpersonal relation education; Supportive environment and time for the school nurse´s work on the sexual- and interpersonal relation education; The school nurse´s diversity in teaching structure is adapted to the students’ knowledge; Teaching immigrants and refugees new students requires more preparation; The school nurse´s treatment and approach is important for questions about HBTQ. Conclusion: Difficulty for school nurses in their work is the lack of time, which implies limited teaching. The cooperation of teaching is perceived as positive and desirable. The sexual- and interpersonal relation education is of importance to the students. Challenge of teaching students from other cultures, school nurses lacking in deeper knowledge. 

  • 168.
    Bergqvist, Johan
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Stenman Josefsson, Märta
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vårda personer med demens på akutvårdsavdelningar: En litteraturbaserad studie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The diagnoses of dementia increases in line with the aging population of the earth. Symptoms vary between different dementia diagnoses and for some, a diagnosis might be a relief and confirmation of what’s really going on for both the patient and their relatives. Person centered care aims to empower a person's self-esteem and involvement in their own care. It urges healthcare professionals to look beyond the diagnosis of the patient, which makes this the form of care advocated for patients with dementia. Despite the fact that long waiting times is an acknowledged problem, nurses are still obliged to pursue nursing on equal standardse. Aim: The aim was to acknowledge nurses' experiences of caring for patients with dementia in acute care settings Method: A literature-based study with nine qualitative articles were chosen. Results: The analysis identified three main categories; lack of knowledge, structural deficiencies and relatives as a co-actor of the caring process, and eight subcategories. Conclusion: Dedication and education are central aspects regarding the care of patients with dementia. It becomes apparent that regardless of context, caring for patients with dementia is often mired in complexity. Nurses claim that lack of time and education combined with structural deficiencies constitutes an obstacle for nurses providing what they would consider sufficient care. These deficiencies may also negatively affect attitudes and perceptions and consequently the care of patients with dementia can be stigmatized.

  • 169.
    Bergqvist, Lisen
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Johansson, Sofie
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    ATT BLI FÅNGE I SIN EGEN KROPP: En litteraturstudie om patienters upplevelser av välbefinnande vid ALS2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 170.
    Bergström, Evelyn
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Bega, Arijana
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Upplevelser av att leva med lungcancer: En litteraturbaserad studie2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Lung cancer is a disease with poor prognosis, with many people that falls ill each year. It is a disease which leads to numerous and severe symptoms that create much suffering. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe patients' experiences of living with lung cancer in daily life. Methods: A literature study was conducted with a qualitative approach. Twelve scientific articles were reviewed and analyzed according to a model for a literature study. Results: Six categories were identified: live with uncertainty, stigma and guilt, experience of disease-related symptoms, a changed self-esteem, to get support and be confirmed and thrown between hope and despair. Discussion: There was a need for patients to live as independent as possible, social support and the support from health professionals was crucial for them to cope with it. Support overall was important for patients to be able to handle most situations. By acquiring knowledge about patients' with lung cancers experiences the nurse can be a better support for the patient in order to alleviate patients suffering.

  • 171.
    Bergström, Henrik
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Hammar, Andreas
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    ANHÖRIGAS UPPLEVDA SITUATION NÄR EN NÄRSTÅENDE VÅRDAS PÅ EN INTENSIVVÅRDSAVDELNING: -En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The intensive care unit is a department where critically and acute sick patients are being treated. The department has specialized routines, equipment to treat and screening. Nurses on a intensive care unit are responsible for the treatment of patients as well as the leadership of the workforce. The nurses are also responsible to acknowledge the patient’s relatives. Therefore, it is of great importance for the nurses to understand relatives’ experiences in this situation, to be able to give treatment of good quality to relatives too. Aim: To describe the experience of relatives to patients who are being treated at the intensive care unit. Method: A literature review of scientific articles with a qualitative standpoint, aimed towards the experiences of relatives to intensive care unit patients. Results: Relatives experienced that a lot of factors affected them negatively. Routines, equipment and treatment were experienced as unfamiliar and confusing. The situation made it hard for the relatives to experience being close to the patient. Relatives experienced that good communication and information made the situation positive. Relatives experienced that being a part and having a say in the patients’ treatment were important. Conclusion: To be a relative at the intensive care unit can feel unfamiliar and differ from other kinds of departments. There are rules, equipment and situations that makes it difficult for the relatives to see the context of the situation. It is of great importance that the healthcare is attentive and give the relatives the possibility to understand the context.

  • 172.
    Bernanker Lundaahl, Sara
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Klint Carlander, Anna-Karin
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Ungdomars syn på sex- och samlevnadsundervisningen i skolan2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Sex och samlevnad är en av många faktorer som har betydelse för hälsa och välbefinnande hos såväl vuxna som ungdomar. Alla elever har rätt att få sex- och samlevnadsundervisning i skolan. I arbetet med att stärka ungdomars förmåga att göra medvetna och ansvarstagande val som rör sexualitet och relationer är sex- och samlevnadsundervisningen en viktig del.

    Syfte: Att beskriva hur förstaårselever på gymnasiet upplever den sex- och samlevnadsundervisning som de hade i högstadiet.

    Metod: Studien genomfördes med kvalitativ metod med induktiv ansats och data analyserades med innehållsanalys. Fyra fokusgrupper genomfördes med totalt 20 deltagare. 

    Resultat: Analysen resulterade i tre kategorier; Eleverna beskriver att sex- och samlevnadsundervisning är av stor betydelse, Att ha erfarenhet av en undervisning som upplevs bristfällig samt elevernas önskemål om förändring i undervisningen.

    Slutsats: Ungdomarna upplever att sex- och samlevnadsundervisning är viktig men att undervisningen i detta ämne också har brister. Det finns behov av att lyssna på och respektera unga människors åsikter gällande undervisningen i sex- och samlevnad. Detta för att anpassa undervisningen utifrån ungdomars livsvärld och deras behov och därmed bidra med betydelsefull kunskap i ämnet. Skolsköterskors omvårdnadsperspektiv kan tänkas bidra till den öppenhet och följsamhet för individens unika behov vilket efterfrågas av deltagarna. 

  • 173.
    Bernhard, Pauline
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience.
    Neurala korrelat till medkänsla med speciellt fokus på självmedkänsla2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 174.
    Bernvik, Erika
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Jakobsson van Stam, Ebba
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Blivande förstagångspappors förväntningar inför förlossningen2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Childbirth is part of the transition to parenthood. The transition is eased by support from midwives. It’s within the midwives area of responsibility to offer support to parents. Childbirth experiences are affected by received support and expectations of labour. Fathers’ childbirth experiences affect their well-being and parenting.

    Aim: Describe expecting first-time fathers’ expectations of the labour.

    Method: Qualitative individual semi-structured interviews with six expecting first-time fathers, whose women were in gestational week 29 to 35. The interviews were analyzed using qualitative content analysis.

    Results: Expecting fathers’ find it hard to imagine what will happen during childbirth. They expect that after the delivery they will be able to have a quiet moment alone with their families to adjust to their new life-situation. Besides this, fathers expect that they will have an important supportive role during childbirth. Midwives are expected to support both the labouring mother and the father during childbirth.

    Conclusion: Midwives should support parental couples based on their individual needs of support. Support to expecting fathers enables them to be supportive during childbirth. First-time fathers expects support to be important during childbirth to create a feeling of security for themselves.

  • 175.
    Bernvik, Erika
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Jakobsson van Stam, Ebba
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Kvinnors upplevelse av lidande relaterat till cytostatikabehandlingen vid bröstcancer: En litteraturöversikt2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women and a common treatment is chemotherapy, which comes with side effects. Suffering can be categorized in three different forms. Ethical principles are used to motivate choice of treatment. Aim: To describe women's experience of suffering related to chemotherapy during breast cancer. Method: The study is a literature review based on qualitative research. Eleven articles were reviewed and summarized by using Friberg (2012). Results: Women with breast cancer experience suffering when undergoing chemotherapy. They feel loss of their identity when their looks changes. People around them treat them differently and they are not able to do the same things as before in the role of mother, wife, friend and colleague. Suffering also consists of physical symptoms related to the treatment and the illness period, but some of the symptoms do not go away after treatment. Discussion: Physical side effects lead to psychological side effects as women experiences loss of identity, guilt and shame. Health care professionals have an important role in informing and to counter women in a good way to reduce suffering. Chemotherapy leads to suffering due to the illness and treatment, but it is also related to their existence. 

  • 176.
    Birgersson, Elsa
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Lundberg, Sofia
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Unga svenska kvinnors erfarenheter av att leva med Anorexia Nervosa: En självbiografistudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Anorexia nervosa (AN) means a will-controlled weight loss and there is often a low disease insight. AN has the highest mortality rate among mental illnesses, and the number of people who are cared for because of the disease have tripled since the 1990s. Knowledge of young womens expirence of AN are needed to be able to in a deeper level understand and help young women living with the disease. Purpose: To describe young Swedish women's experiences of living with Anorexia nervosa. Method: The data were analysed using qualitative content analysis. The data material consists of five autobiographies. Results: The analysis revealed three categories; the influence on self- esteem, difficulties in the relationship with family and friends and the disease regulates everyday life with six subcategories. Conclusion: Young women with AN have a need of control that causes a social inhibition and anxiety. These women need confirmation from both their environment and health care that they have a disease.

  • 177.
    Birgersson, Sara
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Ljunggren, Madelen
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    ETT SÅRAT HJÄRTA: Upplevelser av hälsa och välbefinnande i vardagen efter en hjärtinfarkt2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Approximately 100 people suffer from heart attacks in Sweden every day, showing that myocardial infarction is a major problem in society. In implementing good health care it is important for health professionals to create an overall picture of these patients' experiences of health and wellbeing in their daily life. The purpose of this study is therefore to emphasize patients' experiences of health and wellbeing in daily life after a heart attack, with Katie Eriksson's health positions as theoretical base. A qualitative study based on seven autobiographies was conducted. Analysis of the data revealed seven major categories, showing the patients' experiences  the daily life after a heart attack: Feeling of insecurity, A stressful life situation, A lifelong disease, Striving for a normal daily life, The need for support and information, Lifestyle changes and A second chance. To get a picture of the experiences of health and wellbeing in these different situations, each category was added to Katie Eriksson's health positions. The findings show that all four health positions are represented in the daily life of patients' suffering from a heart attack. Patients are more likely to experience health and wellbeing as time passes after the heart attack.

     

  • 178.
    Birtic, Martin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Olsson, Emma
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskan och patienten med schizofreni: En vårdande relation2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Patienter som har diagnosen schizofreni är inte unikt samlade inom den psykiatriska vården utan finns inom alla vårdspecialiteter. En viktig del av omvårdnadsarbetet hos de sjuksköterskor vilka möter dessa patienter är etablerandet av en vårdande relation med dem. Det är i denna relation som omvårdnaden tillämpas. Syftet med studien var att sammanställa och belysa forskning som beskriver sjuksköterskans vårdrelation med en patient som har diagnosen schizofreni. I en systematisk litteraturstudie granskades och analyserades åtta vetenskapliga artiklar vilket resulterade i tre huvudteman relaterade till vårdrelationen: ´etablera en vårdande relation´, ´främjar utvecklingen av vårdrelationen´ samt ´hämmar utvecklingen av vårdrelationen´. Innehållet i dessa teman framhäver att vårdrelationen är ett komplex fenomen bestående av många aspekter. Genom en förståelse utav dessa aspekters proportioner samt påverkan kan de utav sjuksköterskor ägnas medvetna åtgärder i syfte att stärka relationen till patienten och öka kvaliteten på omvårdnaden.

  • 179.
    Bisholt, Birgitta
    et al.
    Department of Health Sciences, Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Ohlsson, Ulla
    School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Kullén Engström, Agneta
    School of Health, University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Johansson Sundler, Annelie
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Gustafsson, Margareta
    School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Nursing students' assessment of the learning environment in different clinical settings2014In: Nurse Education in Practice, ISSN 1471-5953, E-ISSN 1873-5223, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 304-310Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Nursing students perform their clinical practice in different types of clinical settings. The clinical learning environment is important for students to be able to achieve desired learning outcomes. Knowledge is lacking about the learning environment in different clinical settings. Aim: The aim was to compare the learning environment in different clinical settings from the perspective of the nursing students. Design: A cross-sectional study with comparative design was conducted. Method: Data was collected from 185 nursing students at three universities by means of a questionnaire involving the Clinical Learning Environment, Supervision and Nurse Teacher (CLES + T) evaluation scale. An open-ended question was added in order to ascertain reasons for dissatisfaction with the clinical placement. Results: The nursing students' satisfaction with the placement did not differ between clinical settings. However, those with clinical placement in hospital departments agreed more strongly that sufficient meaningful learning situations occurred and that learning situations were multi-dimensional. Some students reported that the character of the clinical setting made it difficult to achieve the learning objectives. Conclusion: In the planning of the clinical placement, attention must be paid to whether the setting offers the student a meaningful learning situation where the appropriate learning outcome may be achieved. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 180.
    Bixby, Honor
    et al.
    Imperial College London, United Kingdom.
    Eiben, Gabriele
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Ezzati, Majid
    Imperial College London, United Kingdom.
    Rising rural body-mass index is the main driver of the global obesity epidemic in adults2019In: Nature, ISSN 0028-0836, E-ISSN 1476-4687, Vol. 569, no 7755, p. 260-264Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Body-mass index (BMI) has increased steadily in most countries in parallel with a rise in the proportion of the population who live in cities1,2. This has led to a widely reported view that urbanization is one of the most important drivers of the global rise in obesity3-6. Here we use 2,009 population-based studies, with measurements of height and weight in more than 112 million adults, to report national, regional and global trends in mean BMI segregated by place of residence (a rural or urban area) from 1985 to 2017. We show that, contrary to the dominant paradigm, more than 55% of the global rise in mean BMI from 1985 to 2017-and more than 80% in some low- and middle-income regions-was due to increases in BMI in rural areas. This large contribution stems from the fact that, with the exception of women in sub-Saharan Africa, BMI is increasing at the same rate or faster in rural areas than in cities in low- and middle-income regions. These trends have in turn resulted in a closing-and in some countries reversal-of the gap in BMI between urban and rural areas in low- and middle-income countries, especially for women. In high-income and industrialized countries, we noted a persistently higher rural BMI, especially for women. There is an urgent need for an integrated approach to rural nutrition that enhances financial and physical access to healthy foods, to avoid replacing the rural undernutrition disadvantage in poor countries with a more general malnutrition disadvantage that entails excessive consumption of low-quality calories.

  • 181.
    Biörck-Markusson, Linda
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Mokhayer, Zohreh
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Att vårdas i slutenvård för anorexia nervosa: Patienters upplevelser2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: There are different types of eating disorders. Among these are anorexia nervosa the most serious. It is mostly young women who develop the disease, but also young men can become ill. Anorexia nervosa affects patient´s body image negatively, which results in the patient starving him- or herself and/or exercising frenetically. Aim: The aim was to describe patients with anorexia nervosa experiences of care during hospitalization. Method: A literature review with qualitative approach was chosen as the method to answer the aim of the study. Results: It emerged five themes from the analysis. These are; “The importance of a good relationship”, “An objectified care”, “The importance of support”, “The feeling of being monitored” and “The importance of experiencing participation”. These themes describe patients' experiences of care in hospitalization. Conclusion: The patients experienced the care to be both positive and negative. It was of great importance to the patients if they experienced a good relationship with the nurses. In order to overcome the disease, it was important that patients felt involved in their own care. For the patients to recover from anorexia nervosa, the patients needed to be treated like individuals and not like the stereotype of the disease.

  • 182.
    Bjerkeli, Pernilla J.
    et al.
    Nordic School of Public Health, Gothenburg, Sweden / Unit for Social Epidemiology, Clinical Research Centre, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Jönsson, Anna K.
    Department of Forensic Genetics and Forensic Toxicology, National Board Forensic Medicine, Linköping, Sweden.
    Lesén, Eva
    Nordic Health Economics AB, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Mårdby, Ann-Charlotte
    Research and Development, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden / Section for Epidemiology and Social Medicine, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine at Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Sundell, Karolina Andersson
    Section for Epidemiology and Social Medicine, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine at Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Refill Adherence in Relation to Substitution and the Use of Multiple Medications: A Nationwide Population Based Study on New ACE-Inhibitor Users2016In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 11, no 5, article id e0155465Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: Generic substitution has contributed to economic savings but switching products may affect patient adherence, particularly among those using multiple medications. The aim was to analyse if use of multiple medications influenced the association between switching products and refill adherence to angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE) inhibitors in Sweden.

    STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: New users of ACE-inhibitors, starting between 1 July 2006 and 30 June 2007, were identified in the Swedish Prescribed Drug Register. Refill adherence was assessed using the continuous measure of medication acquisition (CMA) and analysed with linear regression and analysis of covariance.

    RESULTS: The study population included 42735 individuals whereof 51.2% were exposed to switching ACE-inhibitor and 39.6% used multiple medications. Refill adherence was higher among those exposed to switching products than those not, but did not vary depending on the use of multiple medications or among those not. Refill adherence varied with age, educational level, household income, country of birth, previous hospitalisation and previous cardiovascular diagnosis.

    CONCLUSION: The results indicate a positive association between refill adherence and switching products, mainly due to generic substitution, among new users of ACE-inhibitors in Sweden. This association was independent of use of multiple medications.

  • 183.
    Bjerkeli, Pernilla J.
    et al.
    Unit for Social Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Mulinari, Shai
    Unit for Social Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden / Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Merlo, Juan
    Unit for Social Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Testosterone prescribing in the population — a short social epidemiological analysis in Sweden2016In: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety, ISSN 1053-8569, E-ISSN 1099-1557, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 11-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: In recent years, there has been an increased interest for use of pharmaceutical testosterone among elderly men. However, it is still scarcely studied if this use is conditioned by socioeconomic factors in the general population of elderly men.

    METHODS: Using individual-level data from a population-based cohort of men aged 65-84 years in the County Scania, Sweden, we analysed testosterone use in 2006 in relation to demographic and socioeconomic factors by means of multiple logistic regression. We also analysed national data at the ecological level to investigate trends in prescribing between 2006 and 2014.

    RESULTS: The prevalence of testosterone use in Sweden among 65- to 84-year-old men increased by 83%, from 3.3 per 1000 men in 2006 to 6.0 in 2014. Testosterone use was more than twice as common in men in the highest income quintile compared with those in the lowest (0.68% versus 0.25%, odds ratio 2.69 and 95% confidence interval 1.80-4.02). Besides in the high-income group, testosterone use was highest in 65- to 69-year-old men, divorced men and, specially, in men with a previous hospital diagnose of hypogonadism.

    CONCLUSIONS: Our findings show socioeconomic inequities in prescription of testosterone. This is a short analysis based on limited data, but because information on this topic is scarce, our analysis adds a relevant piece of evidence and highlights the need for further research.

  • 184.
    Bjerkeli, Pernilla J.
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education. Unit for Social Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, CRC, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Mulinari, Shai
    Unit for Social Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, CRC, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden / Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Zettermark, Sofia
    Unit for Social Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, CRC, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Merlo, Juan
    Unit for Social Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, CRC, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Sociodemographic patterns in pharmacy dispensing of medications for erectile dysfunction in Sweden2018In: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, ISSN 0031-6970, E-ISSN 1432-1041, Vol. 74, no 2, p. 209-218Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between sociodemographic factors and pharmacy dispensing of medications for erectile dysfunction (ED) in the general population of middle-aged and elderly men. By considering a number of medical conditions that could promote or contraindicate use of ED medication, the analysis could help capture prescription patterns that might not be explained by medical needs.

    METHODS: Individual-level pharmacy dispensing data from 2006 for a population-based cohort of 216,148 men aged 45-79 years in the county Scania, Sweden, were analysed. Multiple logistic regression was applied, and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was calculated to quantify the discriminatory accuracy (DA) of the associations. National trends in pharmacy dispensing of ED medication between 2006 and 2016 were also analysed.

    RESULTS: Pharmacy dispensing of ED medication increased between 2006 and 2016, particularly among men aged 65-79 years (from 6.8 to 9.2%). Dispensing of ED medication was positively associated with higher socioeconomic position, and divorced and widowed men were more likely to fill a prescription with ED medication than married men. These associations remained after adjusting for medical conditions. The DA of the associations was, however, rather low (AUC = 0.69 among 45-64 year olds and AUC = 0.65 among 65-79 year olds).

    CONCLUSIONS: Pharmacy dispensing of ED medication seem linked to the individuals socioeconomic position, age and marital status suggesting sociodemographic disparities in the pharmacy dispensing targeting sexual function. However, the low DA of the associations shows the limited capacity of these factors to predict ED medication use at the individual level.

  • 185.
    Bjerkeli, Pernilla J.
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education. Department of Clinical Sciences, Unit for Social Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Vicente, Raquel Perez
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Unit for Social Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Mulinari, Shai
    Department of Sociology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Johnell, Kristina
    Aging Research Center, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet and Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Merlo, Juan
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Unit for Social Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden / Center for Primary Health Care Research, Region Skåne, Malmö, Sweden.
    Overuse of methylphenidate: an analysis of Swedish pharmacy dispensing data2018In: Clinical Epidemiology, ISSN 1179-1349, E-ISSN 1179-1349, Vol. 10, p. 1657-1665Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To identify overuse of methylphenidate and to investigate patterns of overuse in relation to sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. Patients and methods: Swedish national, pharmacy dispensing data were analyzed for all 56,922 individuals aged 6-79 years, who filled a methylphenidate prescription between 2010 and 2011. Overuse was defined as having above 150% days covered by the dispensed amount during 365 days from the first prescription fill, assuming use at the maximum recommended daily dose. Results: In total, 4,304 individuals (7.6% of the methylphenidate users) were categorized as overusers. The risk of overuse increased with age (OR for 46-65 years vs 6-12 years 17.5, 95% CI 14.3-21.3), and was higher in men (OR 1.4, 95% CI 1.3-1.5) and individuals with low income (OR 1.1, 95% CI 1.0-1.2), as well as in individuals with an attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnosis (OR 1.4, 95% CI 1.3-1.6), health care visits (OR 1.3, 95% CI 1.2-1.4), previous ADHD medication use (OR 2.6, 95% CI 2.4-2.8), and previous diagnosis of mental and behavioral disorders due to psychoactive substance use (OR 2.1 95% CI 2.0-2.3). Conclusion: Among individuals using methylphenidate in Sweden, 7.6% receive amounts that are larger than what they should have a medical need for, assuming that they were using the maximum recommended daily dose 365 days per year. Notably, the prevalence of overuse was associated with previous diagnosis of alcohol and drug misuse. The prevalence was also positively associated with higher age and previous use of ADHD medication. These findings may point toward a link between exposure time and overuse. However, future studies with long-term data are needed to investigate this.

  • 186.
    Bjurkvist, Sara
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Tydén, Teija
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Stressprevention hos skolbarn: Skolsköterskors förebyggande insatser2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

     

    Title: Prevention of stress in school children – School nurses preventive interventions

    Author: Bjurkvist Sara; Tydén Teija

    Department: School of Health and Education, University of Skövde

    Course: Master Degree project in Nursing, OM854A, 15ECTs

    Supervisor: Larsson Margaretha

    Examinator: Thorstensson Stina

    Pages: 21

    Keywords: School nurses, stress, prevention, nursing, children

    -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

     

    Background:  Stress is a common health problem in society. Children are as exposed to stress as adults but have a lack of ability to cope with it, compared to adults. School nurses meet children in their daily life and have opportunity to prevent stress in several interventions.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to examine how school nurses work stress preventive in children.

    Method: A qualitative research method was selected for the study. The result emerged through qualitative content analysis. Ten school nurses from various schools in Sweden were interviewed, using e-mail survey.

    Results: Four major categories and four subcategories emerged during the analysis. Major categories were: to be available, create manageability, to relieve recovery, and cooperation.

    Conclusion: School nurses work stress preventive in children, but experience lack of time as a blocking element to perform the work fully. Therefore valuable support to children can be lost. School nurses need to clarify their work and profession to enable prevention against stress in children.

  • 187.
    Björk, Helén
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Att kommunicera trygghet i omvårdnaden av barn: en litteraturstudie2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nurses´ have the responsibility to make sure that children are treated according to childrens rights, and to interact with them. The background present a study where children experience that nurses doesn’t listen to them. Children are vulnerable because they are inferior to both parents and nurses because of their advantage in age and knowledge. That’s why it’s important for nurses to give children an opportunity to participate in decisionmaking, to make them feel included, respected and listened to as individuals. In that way nurses can communicate security. The aim of this study is to describe how nurses communicate security in nursing care with children. The study is a literature review made as a metasynthesis. Qualitative studies were chosen to be able to get the experiences of children, parents and nurses. The result from the analysis shows that through talking, creating an individualized relationship, being receptive to and using a symbolic language all are prerequisites to communicate security. A prerequisite to be able to do this is for nurses to take their time. The interest for this subject among nurses is discussed and the author experience it to be relevant to all nurses, not just children’s nurses because all nurses can meet children in their work. Conclusion: Giving the child time, letting the child participate, being receptive, create a relaionship with the child and give individualized information, to talk to the child and use symbolic language as a complement while talking. These are ways of communicating security in nursing with children.

  • 188.
    Björk, Madeleine
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Nyström, Eva
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Livet med borderline en berg och dalbana: En kvalitativ studie av bloggar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Living with a diagnosis like borderline can make everyday life problematic and contribute to less well-being for these people. Borderline affects the individual's lifeworld and his or her's health experience.There is a noticeable increase in this patient group in various healthcare contexts. Aim: The aim of the study was to describe women's experiences of living with borderline. Method: A qualitative content analysis with inductive approach. Data were collected from six blogs. Results: From the analysis of the data emerged four categories; Be different, an inner chaos, Different interactions with others, Feelings that swim over and Targeted turn in life with nine subcategories. Conclusion: This study has contributed more knowledge about people's experiences of living with borderline. People with borderline experience strong feelings that affect their lives, interaction with other people is affected by the negative. These people need support from both related and professional healthcare professionals to get the help needed for future hopes.

  • 189.
    Björk, Maria
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Jenholt Nolbris, Margaretha
    Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och hälsa, Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet / Centrum för barns rätt till hälsa, Drottning Silvias barn- och ungdomssjukhus, Göteborg.
    Hedman Ahlström, Britt
    Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Högskolan Väst, Trollhättan.
    Att vara barn och möta sjukdom2012In: Att möta familjer inom vård och omsorg / [ed] Benzein Eva, Hagberg Margaretha, Saveman, Britt-Inger, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2012, 1, p. 191-206Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 190.
    Björk, Maria
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education. CHILD Research Group, Department of Nursing Science, School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Sundler, Annelie J.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education. Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare, University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Hallström, Inger
    Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Hammarlund, Kina
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Like being covered in a wet and dark blanket: Parents' lived experiences of losing a child to cancer2016In: European Journal of Oncology Nursing, ISSN 1462-3889, E-ISSN 1532-2122, Vol. 25, p. 40-45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of this study was to illuminate parents' lived experiences of losing a child to cancer. Method: Interviews and a narrative about parents' experiences of losing a child to cancer were gathered from six parents of children whom had participated in a longitudinal study across the child's illness trajectory. The analysis of the data was inspired by van Manen's hermeneutic phenomenological approach. Results: One essential theme emerged: Like being covered in a wet and dark blanket, as well as six related themes: Feeling conflicting emotions, Preparing for the moment of death, Continuing parenting after death, Recollecting and sharing memories, Working through the sorrow and New perspectives in life. Conclusion: There is a need for good palliative care. If not, there is a risk that the parent will perseverate and blame themselves for not being a good parent during the suffering child's last time in life. Meetings with the parents six months and two years after the child's death might facilitate healing through the grief process. 

  • 191.
    Björk, Maria
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Thelin, Anna
    Ryhov Hospital, Jönköping.
    Peterson, Inger
    Ryhov Hospital, Jönköping.
    Hammarlund, Kina
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    A journey filled with emotions - mothers' experiences of breastfeeding their preterm infant in a Swedish neonatal ward2012In: Breastfeeding Review, ISSN 0729-2759, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 25-31Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study took place in a 10-bed neonatal ward in a hospital in the south of Sweden and includes mothers having given birth to a preterm infant born before the 37th week of gestation. The aim of the study was to illuminate mothers' experiences of breastfeeding a preterm infant in a neonatal ward. Data collection includes written protocols from twelve mothers. These protocols were analysed thematically. The results indicated that the mothers should be offered a private place where they can breastfeed or express breastmilk, and that the breastmilk should not be placed in a shared area. The mothers described that they did not want to be separated from their preterm infant during the night. Finally, they also pointed out the importance of support from the health professionals for establishing an exclusive breastfeeding regime.

  • 192.
    Björkelund, Cecilia
    et al.
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Publ Hlth & Community Med Primary Hlth Care, Sahlgrenska Acad, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Andersson-Hange, Dominique
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Publ Hlth & Community Med Primary Hlth Care, Sahlgrenska Acad, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Andersson, Kate
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Publ Hlth & Community Med Primary Hlth Care, Sahlgrenska Acad, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bengtsson, Calle
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Publ Hlth & Community Med Primary Hlth Care, Sahlgrenska Acad, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Blomstrand, Ann
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Publ Hlth & Community Med Primary Hlth Care, Sahlgrenska Acad, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bondyr-Carlsson, Dorota
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Publ Hlth & Community Med Primary Hlth Care, Sahlgrenska Acad, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Eiben, Gabriele
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Publ Hlth & Community Med Primary Hlth Care, Sahlgrenska Acad, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Rödström, Kerstin
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Publ Hlth & Community Med Primary Hlth Care, Sahlgrenska Acad, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Sjöberg, Agneta
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Publ Hlth & Community Med Primary Hlth Care, Sahlgrenska Acad, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Sundh, Valter
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Publ Hlth & Community Med Primary Hlth Care, Sahlgrenska Acad, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Weman, Lilian
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Publ Hlth & Community Med Primary Hlth Care, Sahlgrenska Acad, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Zylberstein, Dimitri
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Publ Hlth & Community Med Primary Hlth Care, Sahlgrenska Acad, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    Univ Gothenburg, Inst Odontol, Sahlgrenska Acad, Gothenburg, Sweden.;Jonkoping Univ, Sch Hlth Sci, Jonkoping, Sweden.
    Lissner, Lauren
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Publ Hlth & Community Med Primary Hlth Care, Sahlgrenska Acad, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Secular trends in cardiovascular risk factors with a 36-year perspective: Observations from 38- and 50-year-olds in the Population Study of Women in Gothenburg2008In: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, ISSN 0281-3432, E-ISSN 1502-7724, Vol. 26, no 3, p. 140-146Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives. To study secular trends in cardiovascular risk factors in four different cohorts of women examined in 1968-1969, 1980-1981, 1992-1993 and 2004-2005. Design. Comparison of four representative cohorts of 38- and 50-year-old women over a period of 36 years. Setting. Gothenburg, Sweden with similar to 450 000 inhabitants. Subjects. Four representative samples of 38- and 50-year-old women were invited to free health examinations (participation rate 59-90%, n =1901). Main outcome measures. Body mass index (BMI), systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP, DBP), leisure time exercise, use of antihypertensive medication, smoking, levels of haemoglobin, b-glucose, s-cholesterol, s-triglycerides and HDL-cholesterol. Results. There was no significant difference in mean BMI from 1968-1969 versus 2004-2005. Mean leisure time exercise was significantly higher in later born cohorts; in 1968, around 15% were physically active compared with 40% in 2004. SBP and DBP, mean s-cholesterol and s-triglyceride levels were significantly lower in both 38- and 50-year-old cohorts in 2004-2005 versus 1968-1969. HDL-cholesterol (not measured until 1992-1993), showed a significantly higher mean level in 2004-2005. Reduction of risk factors was apparent in women with a high as well as low level of physical activity. Smoking declined most in women with high levels of physical activity. Conclusions. Several cardiovascular risk factors related to lifestyle have improved in middle-aged women from the 1960s until today. Most of the positive trends are observed in women with both low and high physical activity.

  • 193.
    Björklund, Terese
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Andersson, Emelie
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    attityder gentemot patienter med fetma ur patient- och sjuksköterskeperspektivet: en litteraturstudie2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Fetma är en växande folksjukdom. Den ökade förekomsten av fetma leder till attsjukvården i större utsträckning kommer att möta patienter med fetma. Syftet med studienvar att ur ett patient- och sjuksköterskeperspektiv belysa vilka attityder sjuksköterskan hargentemot vuxna patienter med fetma. En litteraturöversikt har använts för att sammanställatidigare forskning som berör sjuksköterskans attityder mot patienter med fetma. Studienomfattar sju vetenskapliga artiklar som resulterat i två huvudteman med tillhörandeunderteman som redovisar resultatet inom ämnet. Resultatet visar att negativa attityder motvuxna patienter med fetma förekommer bland sjuksköterskor. Förutfattade meningar finnsangående fetman och dess orsaker, patienterna ses som mindre socialt accepterade ochmindre attraktiva. Orsaken till fetma beror enligt sjuksköterskan på individens arv ochegna val. Studien pekar även på det känsliga ämnet och att sjuksköterskan känner obehag isin relation till patienten. Hennes egen kroppsuppfattning påverkar vilken inställning honhar inför mötet med patienten, detta skapar en frustration hos sjuksköterskan som försvårarrelationen mellan sjuksköterska och patient. En frustration uppstår även i förtroendet tillpatienten då sjuksköterskan är rädd att förolämpa patienten vid motivationen tillviktnedgång.

  • 194.
    Björkner, Linda
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Cehic, Sanela
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    När kroppen sviker: Patienters erfarenheter av dagligt liv med kronisk njursvikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Kronisk njursvikt är ett växande folkhälsoproblem. Sjukdomen är allvarlig och bidrar till ökat lidande då den medför omfattande symtom, begränsar livsvärlden och kräver livsstilsförändringar. Behandlingen är komplex. För att sjuksköterskan ska kunna ge god vård och stärka välbefinnande hos patienter behöver hen ha förståelse för patienters erfarenheter av livet med kronisk njursvikt. Syfte: Att beskriva patienters erfarenheter av dagligt liv med kronisk njursvikt. Metod: Litteraturbaserad metod som bygger på kvalitativa studier. Resultat: Ur analysen framkom tre huvudteman: Identifiera sig med sjukdomen, support från omgivningen och förändrad självbild med sex underteman. Konklusion: Kronisk njursvikt leder till både fysiska och psykiska förändringar, vilket resulterar i ett sjukdom- och livslidande för patienter och en annan livsvärld att förhålla sig till än innan sjukdomen.

  • 195.
    Björkén, Anette
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Norman, Maria
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Att belysa sjuksköterskors omhändertagande av patienter som drabbats av aneurysm2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 196.
    Björling, Emanuel
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Cagius, Sanna
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Varje sekund är ett liv: En studie om patienters upplevelse av att befinna sig i livets slutskede2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Everyone knows for sure that we will once die. When someone approaches the end of life, problems of mental, physical, social and existential nature arise. Death can be met in different ways and how that meeting will be is individual. The patient goes through different phases along the way, resulting in suffering and questioning of life. Purpose: To highlight the patient's experience of being in the end of life. Method: The study is a qualitative narrative literature study based on autobiography, which reflect the experiences of being in the end of life. Result: Patients in the end of life have a need to seek the meaning of why the disease has affected them. They argue about existence and how the upcoming death affects them and their relatives. Patients describe the feeling of setback when the condition deteriorates after a period of improvement. They think about what is actually important in life and how sorrow is handled. Conclusion: It is an important topic to address when relatively little material is available. More research is needed to better provide patients with the care they need.

  • 197.
    Björnberg, Jimmy
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Shatri, Adelina
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Leva med depression: En studie av självbiografier2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Depression är en allvarlig sjukdom och en av våra vanligaste folksjukdomar. Den är mångfasetterad och upplevs olika hos alla individer. Sjukdomen påverkar känslor, tankar och förmågan till vardagliga aktiviteter. Sjukdomen är stigmatiserad i samhället, där okunskap råder kring symtom och upplevelser. Okunskap medför ett stort lidande för den drabbade individen och risk för förlängd vårdtid eller fel diagnos finns. Syfte: Syftet är att belysa upplevelsen av att leva med depression. Metod: Kvalitativ metod med en analys av narrativer för analysering av fem självbiografier. Resultat: Upplevelser av depression delas in i olika kategorier som återspeglar upplevelser beroende på vart i depressionen individen befinner sig. ”Vägen ner i djupet” skildrar början på depressionen, där kognitiva processer och funktioner försämras. ”Att hamna på botten” skildrar det mörkaste av depressionen där ångest, panikattacker och tankar kring suicid infinner sig. Slutligen skildrar ”Vägen tillbaka till hälsa” återvändandet till hälsa och tillfrisknandet. Konklusion: Depression orsakar ett stort lidande hos den drabbade och tankar, känslor och handlingar är svåra att kontrollera. De starka känslor som depressionen bär med sig begränsar individen i vardagen och kan leda till social isolering. För att tillfriskna från depression krävs rätt behandling och acceptans för sjukdomen.

  • 198.
    Blanck, Jonna
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Johansson, Malin
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Wahlström, Sanna
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskans roll i omvårdnaden av patienter med suicidala tankar2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nurses have an important role caring with the suicidal patient as they often are the first to encounter these individuals. In order to develop their skills, nurses need to understand the complexity of the problem around the thoughts of wanting to die. The purpose of the study was to compile and elucidate research that describes how nurses can provide care to suicidal patients. The method used was a literature review. The results were divided into seven themes that can guide the nurse in the work: to be there, give time and listen, to recognize and assess risk factors, working in a team, to be attentive to own attitudes, to give hope, to be able to process their feelings, increased knowledge of the causes of suicide. Even though the study is not deep-going, it can serve as guidance for both the work with the patient and how nurses themselves can process their feelings and experiences, which is considered important in the work with an often mental demanding group of patients.

  • 199.
    Blinzinger, Jonna
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Åström, Jennie
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Patienters upplevelse av att leva med tarmstomi: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The gastrointestinal tract is an important part for an individual to experience physical and psychological health. Inflammatory bowel diseases and cancer in the intestine are factors that can lead to an intestinal stoma. An intestinal stoma can be permanent or temporary and involve different parts of the intestinal. With an intestinal stoma comes a responsibility which includes self-care and care of the intestinal stoma for the patient. The intestinal stoma entails bodily changes where support and teaching increase the understanding of the new body. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe patients experience of living with an intestinal stoma. Method: This study is a literature review which is based on qualitative and quantitative articles. Results: The results of this study are presented in four areas: Social cohabitation- for better or worse, Limitations in everyday life, Acceptance of the intestinal stoma and The meeting with medical care. Conclusion: Patients experience to live with an intestinal stoma can both be positive and negative. The acceptance of the new life situation includes the patient’s relationship to the nurse, friends and family. Patients acceptance to the intestinal stoma is crucial for how the body perceives and effects the psychological health.

  • 200.
    Blom, Helen
    et al.
    Department of Intensive Care Unit, Skaraborg Hospital, Skövde, Sweden.
    Gustavsson, Christina
    Department of Intensive Care Unit, Skaraborg Hospital, Skövde, Sweden.
    Johansson Sundler, Annelie
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Participation and support in intensive care as experienced by close relatives of patients: A phenomenological study2013In: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing, ISSN 0964-3397, E-ISSN 1532-4036, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this study was to explore participation and support as experienced by close relatives of patients at an intensive care unit (ICU).

    Method: This study used the phenomenological approach as developed by Dahlberg et al. (2008) as a method for reflective lifeworld research. Seven close relatives of critically ill patients cared for at an ICU were interviewed. The data were analysed with a focus on meanings.

    Results: Being allowed to participate in the care of critically ill patients at an ICU is impor-tant for close relatives to the patients. Their experiences can be described as having four constituents: participation in the care of and being close to the patient; confidence in the care the patient receives; support needed for involvement in caregiving; and vulnerability.

    Conclusion: Participation with and support from health-care professionals are important for the relatives’ well-being and their ability to contribute to the patients’ care. Health-care profes-sionals, especially critical care nurses, need to create an atmosphere that invites relatives to participate in the care provided at an ICU.

1234567 151 - 200 of 1263
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf