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  • 151.
    Benjaminsson, Sandra
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. Campus Varberg.
    Linderoth, Camilla
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. Campus Varberg.
    Män och Köpbeteende: Exponering och utbud av herrkläder2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The intention of this study is to investigate men's growing interest regarding shopping of clothes. In this study,it is reflected on the fact that there is a lack in valid range for men at discount stores.It was pointed out in the study that men found it difficult to find clothes without going up in price classes.The focus has been on whether there really is an increased interest from men regarding clothes and how stores respond to this. The theory we have used, have pointed out that this interest has increased and that the gender roles of men and women who have always been so obvious, is not as strong today. It also points out that retailers need to understand thei rcustomers and the fact that men and women are very different in their ways and values.We have used a qualitative and quantitative survey in the form ofa questionnaire for men aged 15 -35 as well as interviews with various stores.The essay has led us into a potential audience that stores in several cases have failed to reach at some degree.Through this we have gained more knowledge about why the selection to men is not so great and that men generally lack garments in low prices.The results we have arrived at are a confirmation o fwhat we already speculated in, that many of the respondents felt that there exist a lack of clothing in the low class of acceptable quality and design.

  • 152.
    Berg, Lars-Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Aspects of Identification in Computer Gaming2008In: Human IT, ISSN 1402-1501, E-ISSN 1402-151X, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 37-61Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article relates computer gaming to the social psychology of identity, focusing the notion that identity construction has a reflected character not only in virtual reality but also in real life. This gives a tight correspondence between the two, although the screen construction of identity goes on in greater independence of real other persons. Gaming has the trait that it contracts several events at one point in space and time. This provides for two extremes of identification: functional and existential identification, which are tightly coupled in gaming, but also for the element of meaning creation in gaming, where the step from concrete action to mental act is short, as well as for the processes of anticipatory identification that are found in it. This gives a high emotional intensity to it. The analysis is based on a theoretical sketch of stages in the act, building on the work of G. H. Mead.

  • 153.
    Berg, Lars-Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Att inte spänna kärran framför hästen - precisering av Meads "rollövertagande"2010In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 47, no 2, p. 5-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Not to put the cart before the horse; clarification of Mead's"role taking"

    George Herbert Mead's "role taking" is subject to many interpretations. Some dominant definitions restrict role taking to reflective people trying to understand each other and taking on each others' roles. Other definitions restrict role taking to the stage of a developed language. Against these two types of definitions I assert that Meads concept is explanatory, not merely descriptive, functionally as well as existentially. It has a value also on elementary levels of human development, where man is socially similar to other primates. Swedish sociologists have contributed fruitfully to straighten the debate. My intention is to clarify it further, and to explicate my own interpretation. Basic role taking is a non-reflective activity going on in any place where living entities influence each other with gestures in similar ways. In human beings it gives rise to conscious discursive reflectivity, and it coincides phylogenetically and ontogenetically with development of language, rather than being created by it. Role taking emanates from breaking automatic responsivity. It introduces distance and reflectivity and results in conscious social behavior, rather than being produced by such. In this way, role taking is a major step in the development of intelligence on earth.

  • 154.
    Berg, Lars-Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Bättre en smäll på käften än ingenting alls2009In: Pedagogiska Magasinet, ISSN 1401-3320, no 3, p. 14-17Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Lekens kraft för vårt identitetsbyggande kan inte nog betonas. För hur ska otrygga barn som famlar efter en identitet kunna lära sig matte eller svenska?

  • 155.
    Berg, Lars-Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Förord2008In: Ung på 2000-talet: perspektiv på ungdomars vardag / [ed] Soly Erlandsson & Emma Sorbring, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2008, p. vii-xiiChapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 156.
    Berg, Lars-Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    George Herbert Mead as a Founder of Discourse Analysis2011In: Sociology: Abstract Book From the 5 th  Annual International Conference on Sociology,  9-12 May 2011, Athens, Greece / [ed] Gregory T. Papanikos, Athens Institute for Education and Research (ATINER), 2011, p. 7-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 157.
    Berg, Lars-Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Henrik Stenberg, Gemenskapens socialpsykologi, Malmö: Liber 20112011In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 48, no 4, p. 78-80Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 158.
    Berg, Lars-Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Identitetskonstruktion bland datorspelare: Vardagsidentitet och skärmidentitet2006In: Tvärsnitt, ISSN 0348-7997, no 3, p. 32-35Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 159.
    Berg, Lars-Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Identity and Computer Games: A Conceptual Inventory2007In: Interaction on the edge: proceedings from the 5th GRASP conference, Linköping university, May 2006, Linköping: Linköpings universitet , 2007, p. 37-51Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 160.
    Berg, Lars-Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Johan Asplund2013In: Relationell socialpsykologi: klassiska och samtida teorier / [ed] Henrik Stenberg & Bo Isenberg, Stockholm: Liber, 2013, 1, p. 217-244Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 161.
    Berg, Lars-Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Jonas Lindblom & Jonas Stier (red.) Det socialpsykologiska perspektivet. Lund: Studentlitteratur, 20112011In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 48, no 1, p. 66-68Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 162.
    Berg, Lars-Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Jonas Stier (2012) (Van)modernitet och modernitet. Lund: Studentlitteratur.2012In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 49, no 4, p. 354-356Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 163.
    Berg, Lars-Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Konsekvenser av rollövertagandet: "I", "me", och individualiteten2011In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 48, no 2, p. 7-28Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the tendency of taking the "I" and the "me" in G.H. Meads theory of role taking as two separate, qualitatively different parts of human personality, the "I" being of individual origin, the "me" of social. In the original Meadian sense role taking gives rise to both the "I" and the "me". They are dialectically united rather than dualistically separated aspects. They refer to the joint functional power of the subject, finding itself as an object, mediated by the Other. As a consequence, the link between body and the social world becomes theoretically more stringent, as the body is given its place as a cognitive social object outside the human social experience and as a source of agencysui generis,a conception which is in opposition to Meads.The stress on the "I"-phase, as related to body and concrete action in combination with its direct relation to the "me"-phase, actualizes Mead as a forerunner in modern biologic/neurologic research on human perceptual, motivational and intentional capacity. Swedish Mead interpreters are critically analyzed. Interpretations of Charon, Giddens, Joas and Habermas are partly scrutinized.The author defines the conceptual pair in terms of activity, subjectivity, temporal relativity and distance.

  • 164.
    Berg, Lars-Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Lars-Olof Hilding, Är det så här vi är? Om utbildning som normalitet och om produktionen av studenter, Lund Dissertations in Sociology 93, Lund: Lunds universitet 20102011In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 48, no 2, p. 74-76Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 165.
    Berg, Lars-Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Leken som meningsskapare2009In: Välbefinnande i arbetslivet: socialpsykologiska perspektiv / [ed] Kazemi, Ali, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2009, 1, p. 157-193Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 166.
    Berg, Lars-Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Lekens kontrapunktstämmor: mening och lust, likhet och variation2009In: Leka för att lära: Utveckling, kognition och kultur / [ed] Mikael Jensen, Åsa Harvard, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2009, 1, p. 55-74Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 167.
    Berg, Lars-Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    “Lunch dance” as interactive medium: studying effects of spontaneous social/emotional interaction during working day2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 168.
    Berg, Lars-Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    On The Function Of Toys In Symbolizing Processes Concerning Self And Other In Children2004In: Proceedings of the 4th Nordic Conference on Group and Social Psychology 27-28 May 2004 / [ed] Ingvar Karlsson, Kjell Törnblom, Riël Vermunt, 2004, p. 41-52Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 169.
    Berg, Lars-Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Perspektivtagandets mirakel2005In: Perspektiv på Högskolan i Skövde, ISSN 1653-8242, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 20-23Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 170.
    Berg, Lars-Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Photones of the human psyche: the fiction of personal identity2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 171.
    Berg, Lars-Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    På nätet trivs det fiktiva jaget2008In: Tvärsnitt, ISSN 0348-7997, no 2, p. 14-17Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 172.
    Berg, Lars-Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Ängen vid stranden2012In: Pedagogiska Magasinet, ISSN 1401-3320, no 1, p. 52-57Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    om leken i det potentiella området hos Winnicot

  • 173.
    Berg, Lars-Erik
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Nelson, Anders
    Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle, Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Identitet och genus i lek med dockor och figurer i förskolan2006In: Nordisk Pedagogik, ISSN 0901-8050, E-ISSN 1504-2995, no 2, p. 125-138Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna text handlar om lek med leksaker som traditionellt varit exkluderade i svensk förskola, t.ex. Barbie och Action Man. Förskolan präglas av värden som står i motsättning till de «genusifierade» värden som förknippas med dessa och liknande leksaker (Almqvist, 1994; Fredricson, 2003). Samtidigt är förskolan en del av samhället med dess stereotypa genusrepresentationer

  • 174.
    Berg, Sofia
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Granath, Frida
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Härnqvist, Christine
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Att vara ung och utan arbete: Arbetslösa unga vuxnas subjektiva upplevelser2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva och ge djupare förståelse för hur unga vuxna arbetslösa i Västra Götalands län upplever sitt identitetsskapande och sin levnadssituation. I denna studie utfördes tio kvalitativa semistrukturerade intervjuer med respondenter i åldrarna 18-29 år. Då vi anser att identiteten är social valde vi i vår studie att utgå från Symbolisk interaktionism, med underliggande teorier som definitionen av situationen (Charon, 2004; Svensson, 1992), den generaliserade andre (Mead, 1976), spegeljaget (Mortensen, 2003) och stämplingsteorin (Goffman, 1972; Becker, 1963). Att vara arbetslös påverkar många olika delar av livet och är av allra högsta grad avgörande för hur individen upplever sin levnadssituation och sitt identitetsskapande. Det som framkommit pekar främst på vikten av de sociala interaktionerna gällande arbetslöshet samt dess betydelse för individen. Slutsatsen är att vi inte kan förstå en individs upplevelser av sin levnadssituation och identitetsskapande utan att se till helheten. Vi har funnit att upplevelsen av sig själv och identitetsskapandet har förändrats i en situation av arbetslöshet.

  • 175.
    Berggren, Christoffer
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Larsson, Staffan
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Kan man skapa en världsportfölj baserad på inhemska aktier2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi har undersökt hur globaliseringen påverkar aktiemarknaden. Ett sätt att ta reda globaliseringens effekter kan vara att jämföra avkastning och risk för olika marknader. För att kunna göra en jämförelse har vi skapat aktieportföljer baserade på olika marknader och jämfört dessa med ett index som motsvarar världen.

    Genom några enkla urvalskriterier har vi skapat fyra portföljer med börsnoterade aktier från Norden, Europa, Japan och USA.

    Portföljerna har vi jämfört med ett världsindex för att se vilka samband som finns och hur de utvecklar sig över tiden. Sambanden vi fann var att korrelationen mellan några av portföljerna och världsindexet är relativt starka samt ökar med tiden. Att korrelationen ökar kan tyda på att företagen blir mer internationellt verksamma med tiden. Det verkar som ländernas ekonomier knyts samman och att deras konjunkturer blir mer och mer lika.

    Ur ett nordiskt perspektiv kan en investerare få en bra riskspridning internationellt genom att bara vända sig mot den nordiska marknaden. De företag som vi har använt i den nordiska portföljen är multinationella storföretag som har verksamhet i flera länder utanför Norden. Investerare i Europa och USA får också bra riskspridning internationellt, och även här ökar sambandet med tiden.

    Av de undersökta marknaderna är Japan den enda marknaden som avviker. I ett japanskt perspektiv har det varit fördelaktigt att investera internationellt under den undersökta perioden.

  • 176.
    Berggren, Josefin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Fröberg, Malin
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Butiksatmosfären och kundens uppfattning2008Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Konkurrensen om kunderna blir allt hårdare och numera konsumerar vi inte bara det som är nödvändigt utan även ur ett nöjesperspektiv, shopping har blivit en fritidsysselsättning och ett sätt att umgås för många. När det gäller nöjesshopping så blir själva upplevelsen och intrycken i butiken en avgörande faktor för om kunden väljer att handla i butiken, butikskommunikationen är där med ett viktigt konkurrensmedel vid kampen om kunderna.

    Uppsatsens undersökning grundar sig på att vi har besökt fyra stycken butiker som ingår i en specifik franchisekedja inom heminredningsbranschen. Vi ville med detta granska hur kedjan jobbar med att ge samma intryck till kunderna oavsett läge och placering samt hur kunderna uppfattar butiksatmosfären och därifrån komma fram till vad som kan förbättras. Vi intervjuade ett antal besökande kunder från vardera butik för att få fram hur de uppfattade butiksmiljön. Vi har även intervjuat butikernas respektive butikschefer samt kedjans butikskommunikations ansvarige, detta för att få fram hur de tänker och arbetar kring ämnet butikskommunikation.

    Vår uppsats bygger både på kvalitativ samt kvantitativ undersökningsmetod, detta anser vi har varit en fördel eftersom detta säkrade upp att vi fick med alla delar. De centrala slutsatser vi har dragit efter vår undersökning är att alla delar i butikens atmosfär är viktiga element att arbeta med. Kunderna påverkas av de intryck den får i butiken och svarar upp emot dem på ett eller annat sätt. Som butik är det viktigt att man förstår vilken betydelse dessa delar har. Vi kunde av vår undersökning se att de butikerna som upplevdes som störst var de som fick bäst genomsnittsvärden på många frågor som vi ställde till kunderna. De största skillnaderna kunde vi se när det gällde hur bekväma kunderna kände sig i butikerna samt hur inspirerande de ansåg att butikerna var. Av detta kunde vi dra slutsatserna att de butiker som hade störst butiksyta också hade mer rum att arbeta med utställningsmiljöer, specialexponeringar och andra inspirerande åtgärder som hjälper till att skapa den ultimata butiksatmosfären. De butikerna som kunderna upplevde som varmast och mest välkomnande var de butikerna som hade centrumläge med gamla gedigna butikslokaler. Något som stämmer väl in på det koncept som kedjan vill sända ut till kunden.

  • 177.
    Berglund, Sofie
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Kostnadseffektiv design och framtagning av flexibel innerförpackning åt elektronikprodukter2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abilia develops, manufactures and sells aids for people who have either a physical or mental limitations that affect their everyday lives. In order to save money and get a better uniformity Abilia want to standardize the packaging and develop a flexible interior that can be adapted to many of the company’s products.

    A pilot study laid the foundation for the project where many different areas and methods were examined. The existing packages were evaluated, and their and the products lifecycles were identified and that made it clear who the projects user was. They were interviewed and a product specification could be established. The pilot study resulted that it was two groups of products and the solution must be able to adapt to both. The solution must also be flexible to the products and their accessories. The Hjälpmedelscentralerna turned out to be the users in this project and they had requirements that the solution must be sustainable and provide a more structured inside of the packaging.

    Concepts were generated with a practical idea generation that resulted in different forms and constructions. The concept selection was made after discussion with the staff from Abilia and through a balanced concept selection matrix. The project resulted in a flexible and durable interior in two parts. A product presentation part which has a design with folddown flaps that allows the product to get stuck no matter which size and a flexible accessory which can be adjusted both vertically and horizontally. The solution fulfills the requirements from the product specification and has been verified by expert that it would work in real situation. The material in the solution is the best suited for the function and it is also the material with the lowest environmental impact of those surveyed in the project.

  • 178.
    Bergman, Anna
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Hammar, Sara
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Tårpölar i ögonen: En socialpsykologisk studie om barn i årskurs fem och deras uppfattning om mobbning.2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Alla barn har en rättighet att känna sig trygga i skolan och inte bli utsatta för kränkande behandling eller mobbning. Mobbning är ett problem som måste uppmärksammas alltmer eftersom det inte alltid tas på allvar trots att varje skola har någon form av antimobbningsplan. Mobbning kan uttryckas i form av fysisk, psykosocial och verbal mobbning. Vårt syfte med undersökningen är att lyfta fram barns uppfattning om mobbning. Då lyder vår problemformulering som följer: Hur uppfattas mobbning av barn i årskurs fem på sex olika skolor? Vårt intresse ligger i att utföra vår undersökning i årskurs fem på sex olika skolor som aktivt arbetar med olika program mot mobbning. Undersökningen är inte avsedd som en jämförande studie. Vår metod är kvalitativ i form av en helt anonym enkätundersökning med öppna frågor då vi anser att ämnet är alltför känsligt för att använda vid intervjuer. Svaren vi får är inte ämnade att föra statistik utan syftet är att analysera och tolka barnens svar för att skapa en förståelse av deras uppfattning. Vi har valt att i analysen av enkätsvaren använda oss av symbolisk interaktionism, social identitetsteori, rollteori och aggression som gruppfenomen.

  • 179.
    Bergman, Camilla
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Nilsson, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Utveckling av sängarmatur för hotellmiljö: ett projekt i samarbete med LuxoSverige AB2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main goal was to develop an armature with the new Light Emitting Diode technique. During the process different solutions for flexibility of placement and light adjustment were created. Two concepts were developed, one with the armature placed on the wall and one placed on the night stand, both with telescopic function and a flexible tube arm.

    The result of this project was an armature intended to be placed on the night stand. This product could be the first in Sweden to be environmental labeled with the Swan label. The armature has the typical shape of Luxos products. The form follows the function with decorative details and unusual functions, as for example a USB-contact

  • 180.
    Bergman, Christian
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Bäckstrand, Gunnar
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre. Swerea IVF AB, Stockholm.
    Högberg, Dan
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Moestam, Lena
    Volvo Trucks GTT, Gothenburg.
    A tool to assist and evalute workstation design2013In: Proceedings of NES 2013, 45th Nordic Ergonomics & Human Factors Society conference, Iceland, August 2013, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It can be argued that it is common that industrial workstations are “built” rather than purposefully designed with user and task requirements in mind. Afterwards, built-in problems typically need to be corrected, causing undesired costs and efforts. With the objective to assist workstation designers in avoiding most problems already in the design phase, a design support tool is being developed. The paper argues the need for such a tool and presents the fundamental tool functionality. Expected advantages are more efficient and ergonomic workstations and a more efficient design process with built-in learning and documentation.

  • 181.
    Bergqvist, Desiré
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Fernández García - Llera, Jorge
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Development of a modular sofa for public environments2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 182.
    Bergqvist, Ellen
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Forsander, Leif
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Framtagande och införande av process för metodisk produktutveckling: specifikt för Tibrokök2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med examensarbetet är att hjälpa Tibrokök med produktutveckling, Tibrokök har idag en enkel processplan vid produktutveckling som inte används fullt ut eller som det var tänkt, därför utformas en ny produkt-utvecklingsprocess specifik för Tibrokök. Under förstudien i examensarbetet upptäcks flera brister inom produktutveckling på Tibrokök exempelvis onödig väntan på beslut och oklara regler eller roller, målet är att reducera dessa brister så att produktutveckling på företaget kan bedrivas effektivare.

    Observationer, existerande hjälpmedel och personalens erfarenheter inom produktutveckling på Tibrokök tas tillvara vid framtagningen av den nya produktutvecklingsprocessen.

    För att underlätta införandet av det nya arbetssättet för produktutveckling ut-formas en produktutvecklingsguide som är ett hjälpmedel till produktutveck-lingsprocessen. Produktutvecklingsguiden ska även stärka kommunikationen och dokumentationen inom produktutveckling på Tibrokök. Dokumentationen stärks genom ett antal underlag som tas fram tillhörande produktutvecklings-processen.

    Produktutvecklingsprocessens funktionalitet testas och utvärderas genom simulering av två produktutvecklingsprojekt, simuleringarna säkerställer om produktutvecklingsprocessen är tillräckligt generell för att passa alla typer av produktutvecklingsprojekt.

    Resultatet blir en produktutvecklingsprocess speciellt anpassad för Tibrokök. Med hjälp av den framtagna produktutvecklingsguiden kan all personal oavsett förkunskap använda produktutvecklingsprocessen.

    För att implementera det nya arbetssättet med produktutveckling på Tibrokök utförs utbildande redovisningar och en workshop med personalen. Som ett slutligt steg överlämnas ett antal rekommendationer om ändringar i Tibroköks arbetssätt för att utföra effektivare produktutveckling.

  • 183.
    Bergqvist, Johan
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Falk, Marica
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Linder, Daniel
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Personalrekrytering: Rekryteringsprocessen inom detaljhandeln2007Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Problem: Det sägs att medarbetarna hör till företagets viktigaste tillgångar och i vår bakgrund kan man läs om problematiken kring att rekrytera nya medarbetare, detta ledde oss till vår problemformulering. Problemformulering: Hur fungerar rekryteringsprocessen inom detaljhandeln och vad tittar rekryterarna på, vid urval bland kandidater till en tjänst?

    Syfte: Syftet med denna rapport är att få en inblick i rekryteringsprocessen inom detaljhandeln för att vi som framtida butikschefer bör ha kunskapen kring detta ämne. Viss önskan finns också om att få kunskaper och information om rekryterarnas tankebanor i processen för vårt framtida sökande av arbete.

    Metod: Vår rapport undersöker hur rekryterare går till väga för att gallra bland kandidaterna till en aktuell tjänst inom detaljhandeln. För att genomföra undersökningen valde vi att göra fyra stycken halvöppna intervjuer i fyra olika detaljhandelskedjor. Vid genomförandet användes hjälpmaterial i form av inspelningsanordning samt gammal hederlig penna och papper.

    Slutsats: Svaren vi fick under våra intervjuer visade att rekryteringsprocessen i stort sett ser likadan ut i alla de företag som vi besökt. Det var bara detaljer i processen som skiljde sig mellan företagen. Det visade sig också att rekryteringsprocessen som helhet inte skiljer sig nämnvärt mellan teori och empiri. Våra huvudsakliga slutsatser är att rekryterarna tittar på CV, kandidatens arbetslivserfarenhet, utseende och familjesituation vid urval till en tjänst.

  • 184.
    Bergsten, Helena
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Edman Hellberg, Ida
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Hel, ren och fräsch!: Betydelsen av en säljares framtoning inom hemelektronikbranschen2009Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    På senare tid har estetiken blivit en allt viktigare faktor när butikskedjor ska förmedla sinaerbjudanden till konsumenten, kedjan måste representeras på ett bra sätt. Här har personalensroll fått allt större utrymme och betydelse för att kunden ska få en positiv helhetsupplevelseav butiken. Personalen ska representera kedjan och vad denna står för på ett, för kunden,fördelaktigt sätt. Personalens framtoning har därmed hamnat mer och mer i fokus undersenare tid. Kraven på sökandes framtoning från arbetsgivare vid anställningar ökar och harblivit mer utförliga och omfattande, och hemelektronikbranschen är inget undantag. Inombranschen finns krav på att säljaren ska framstå som professionell, kompetent och trovärdig,men samtidigt sympatisk.Undersökningen i uppsatsen bygger på att vi har genomfört intervjuer med tre olika kedjorshuvudkontor inom hemelektronikbranschen där vi ville få reda på deras synsätt på hur derassäljare genom sin framtoning kan framstå som professionella, kompetenta, trovärdiga ochsympatiska. Då det är kundens perspektiv på frågan som vi är ute efter genomfördes vidarefokusgruppsintervjuer med konsumenter av varierande ålder, kön och bakgrund på sammatema.Uppsatsens syfte är att beskriva hur personalens framtoning kan se ut och hur den kanpåverka kundens helhetsupplevelse av, och förtroende för, personalen i enhemelektronikkedja. Vi har utgått ifrån en kvalitativ undersökningsmetod då vi är intresseradeav att gå på djupet och få mer nyanserad och detaljerad data.Resultatet av vår undersökning visar på att personalens framtoning är viktig för att kunden skakänna förtroende för, och få en positiv helhetsupplevelse av, personalen i enhemelektronikkedja. Vidare spelar det inte så stor roll hur personalen ser ut så länge derasframtoning bildar en sammanhängande positiv helhet. Så länge alla delar stämmer överenskan de se ut i stort sett hur som helst. Ett annat resultat av vår undersökning visar på attkunden inte föredrar en proper och strikt klädsel hos personalen utan istället efterfrågar enprofilklädsel av mer ledig sort. Intressant att nämna är att de kedjor vi har varit i kontakt medinte är medvetna om vad deras kunder efterfrågar, i någon större utsträckning, rörandepersonalens profilklädsel, då de bara har gjort antaganden utan egna undersökningar att luta sig emot.

  • 185.
    Bergström, Bjarne
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Sellgren, Tommy
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Flödessimulering och simuleringsbaserad optimering för bristidentifiering och förbättring av bearbetningslinje: Genom data-analys, modellering och flermålsoptimering2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 186.
    Bergström, Martina
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Larsson, Ida
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Kommunikation i kundorderprocessen: En fallstudie på OFFECCT2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis emphasizes the importance of efficient communication on an internal and external level as well as how an organisation should use communication in order to improve its business. Logistics is considered to be a tool for controlling different flows and it can be used to fulfil the needs and wishes of a customer. This thesis has been carried out at the furniture company OFFECCT that cooperates with internationally known designers to develop furniture for a private and public environment. A previous mapping of the orderfulfilment process at this company proved that the communication is not satisfactory. It is very important for OFFECCT as a rather small company to pull off an efficient communication on an internal and external level in order to survive on the market. Some of the reasons for focusing on communication are an increased return on investment and an improved customer service.

    The orderfulfilment process includes several activities, starting off with a need and is finished by the distribution of products and after sales service. The activities create a flow with different kinds of information that are to be sent in between the persons in charge of each activity. The kind of information can vary depending on where in the flow it is located. In order to communicate this information, a process to transmit the message is required so that an interpretation of the sent message is possible. By using different sorts of communication channels, a company can send certain information in a specific way to enhance the scattering of information. Communication and information can be either formal or informal depending on whether it is work related or not. Furthermore, communication should be carried out internal within the company and external with interested parties to obtain a solid organisation that changes with its surroundings. How well a company communicates information can be determined by a few factors such as actual distances and organisational structures.

    Observations and interviews at OFFECCT revealed a few problems within the communication aspects that cause an inferior customer service and difficulties to carry out the orderfulfilment process efficiently. An analysis of the empirical information resulted in a few ideas for improvements and a general process that can be used to improve communication, which are presented further in the thesis.

  • 187.
    Bergvall, Kasper
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Lindefors, Clara
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    ”Det är många som tror att det bara finns två kön”: – en studie om genuskonstruktion utanför den traditionella genusdikotomin2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsens syfte är att genom ett symboliskt interaktionistiskt och ett social konstruktionistiskt perspektiv öka förståelsen för hur personer som anser att de överskrider de dikotomiska kategorierna man/kvinna konstruerar sitt genus. Samt problematisera om och hur individer kan frångå dessa kategorier i skapandet av genus. Studien grundades på sju djupintervjuer med personer som upplevde att de överskred eller inte identifierade sig med kategorierna man/kvinna. Som teoretisk grund gällande identitetskonstruktion och socialisation har vi främst använt oss av Berger och Luckmann (1991) samt tolkningar av Mead (Berg, 1992; 2007). För att få en djupare insikt kring genuskonstruktion har teorier av Butler (2007) samt Connell (2003; 1996) använts. Konstruktionen av könsidentiteten är en ständigt pågående process som är i ständigt behov av upprätthållelse. Upprätthållandet sker till stor del genom identifikation och bekräftelse samt uttryck, så som språk och yttre attribut. Då samhället har ett mycket dikotomiskt synsätt gällande kön/genus så krävs av respondenterna ett aktivt ställningstagande för att de ska kunna avvika från det normativa. Respondenterna kan dock inte helt frångå de dikotomiska kategorierna då de måste förhålla sig till dem i mötet med andra människor. Eftersom de avviker från det normativa får de också svårare att upprätthålla könsidentiteten då den inte uppmuntras av samhällsnormen och det därmed blir svårare att få bekräftelse och hitta identifikationsobjekt. Vi menar att denna uppsats ger den socialpsykologiska diskursen gällande genus, en bredare syn på identitets- och genuskonstruktion utanför normen, då vi uppfattar detta som underrepresenterat inom den socialpsykologiska forskningen.

  • 188.
    Bernedixen, Jacob
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Ng, Amos H.C.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Optimal Buffer Allocation for Semi-synchronized Automotive Assembly Lines using Simulation-based Multi-objective Optimization2011In: Proceedings of the 9th Industrial Simulation Conference, Eurosis , 2011, p. 129-135Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A practical question in industry in designing or re-designing a production system is: how small can intermediated buffers be to ensure the desired production rate? This topic is usually called optimal buffer allocation as the goal is to allocate the minimum buffer capacities to optimize the performance of the line. This paper presents a case study of using simulation-based evolutionary multi-objective optimization to determine the optimal buffer capacities and positions in the reconfiguration of a real-world truck axle assembly line in an automobile manufacturer. The case study has not only revealed the applicability of the methodology in seeking optimal configurations in a truly multi-objective context, it also illustrates how additional important knowledge was gained by analyzing the optimization results in the objective space.

  • 189.
    Berntsson, Oscar
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Svensson, Sandra
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Vad kännetecknar det vardagsnära ledarskapet?: En observationstudie om butiker inom Svensk detaljhandel2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Trots att den moderna ledarskapsforskningen började redan på 1950 – talet och är ett av de gångna årens mest studerade områden så finns det fortfarande aspekter inom detta område som inte är lika utforskade som andra. En av dessa ledarskapsaspekter är något som kallas ”det vardagsnära ledarskapet”. Ett tämligen nyetablerat och ”svenskt” fenomen som i korta drag, enligt de få tidigare, men väldigt erkända, studierna innebär att chefen bör delta så mycket som möjligt i de vardagliga arbetsuppgifterna istället för att sitta på kontoret.

    I dessa tidigare studier framkommer det även att det vardagsnära ledarskapet är högst lämpligt inom detaljhandeln och är speciellt lyckat inom mindre butiker. Denna vedertagna information leder rapporten mot sitt syfte, som är att undersöka det vardagsnära ledarskapet inom detaljhandeln och identifiera vilka eventuella kännetecken som kan finnas i dessa mindre butiker.

    För att kunna svara på studiens syfte har rapportens insamlingsmetod utgått från en kvalitativ semi-strukturerad observation kompletterat med kortare intervjuer. I studien har fyra mindre butiker granskats och iakttagits med hjälp av utformade observationstabeller, för att säkerställa att analysen och diskussionen kring studiens resultat blir så rättvisande som möjligt.

    Resultat från studien visar att det finns utmärkande kännetecken av det vardagsnära ledarskapet inom mindre butiker, och att dessa kännetecknande egenskaper i allra högsta grad påverkar butikscheferna i deras ledarskap.

  • 190.
    Berntsson, Rebecca
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Josefsson Brunbäck, Cathlin
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Lojalitetsprogrammets betydelse: En undersökning kring ett företags lojalitetsarbete2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As consumers get increasingly impact on the market, companies must fight harder to find unique pieces to gain loyal customers, then it costs more to create new customer relationships than to maintain their current. As competition intensifies and it becomes more and more play-ers in the market, companies must fight for customer loyalty, here comes loyalty program and its importance in. The goal of this paper is to see how important a loyalty program can be for a company and compare customer perceptions to the company's own opinion. We have chosen to do a quali-tative study in the shape of an interview with the customer club manager at the company, as well as a quantitative survey in the shape of a survey to loyalty club members, in order to get the best results and to compare but also put these two against each other. When the response rate to the survey was very low, this gives the investigation a low reliability and thus should also be questioning member’s commitment to the club. In terms of results, you can clearly see that there are economic benefits such as discounts that customers demand, something that customer club is already well aware of. However, the re-sults are not consistent with the theory, which says that the non-economic benefits are most important. You can clearly see that the customer perception in comparison with the company match in broad terms. In order to get a higher profitability, the company should focus equally on all segments, something they currently don’t.

  • 191.
    Bertilsson, Erik
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Gustafsson, E.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Hanson, L.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Högberg, Dan
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Swedish engineering anthropometric web resource2011In: Proceedings of the 43rd Annual Nordic Ergonomics Society Conference / [ed] Juha Lindfors Merja Savolainen, Seppo Väyrynen, University of Oulu , 2011, p. 442-446Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Anthropometry, the study of human measurements, is central in the design of products and workplaces. This paper describes how Swedish anthropometric data is made available through a web page (www.antropometri.se) intended to be used by designers and engineers when developing new products and workplaces. With the anthropometric web resource it is possible to get mean and standard deviation values, and to calculate percentile values, for a number of anthropometric measurements. Further functionality on the web page enables simultaneous consideration of several anthropometric measurements. The web page also contains guidelines for how to use anthropometric data depending on the design task at hand.

  • 192.
    Bertilsson, Erik
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Hanson, L.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Högberg, Dan
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Rhén, Ida-Märta
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Creation of the IMMA manikin with consideration of anthropometric diversity2011In: Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Production Research (ICPR), Fraunhofer Verlag , 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Digital human modelling (DHM) systems are used to simulate production processes and analyse the human-machine interaction, particularly at early development stages. Consideration of anthropometric variation is central in DHM simulations due to the necessity of ensuring intended accommodation levels. This paper describes the process of how digital human models are created and defined within the IMMA software. The process begins with the definition of a number of key measurements, which acts as the basis for the definition of several boundary manikins using a confidence ellipsoid methodology. These manikins represents the appropriate confidence region and hence the anthropometric diversity. Key measurements are then entered into regression equations to define the complete set of measurements for each manikin. These measurements are based on the appropriate ISO-standard. Finally, measurements are used to define the size and alignment of each segment in the biomechanical model of the manikin. The manikins are then used to automatically simulate and analyse human-machine interaction.

  • 193.
    Bertilsson, Erik
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Högberg, Dan
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Hanson, Lars
    Department of Product and Production Development, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden / Industrial Development, Scania CV, Södertälje, Sweden.
    Digital Human Model Module and Work Process for Considering Anthropometric Diversity2010In: Proceedings of the 3rd Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE) International Conference / [ed] Gavriel Salvendy, Waldemar Karwowski, Louisville: AHFE International , 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In digital human modelling (DHM), ergonomics evaluations are typically done with few human models. However, humans vary a lot in sizes and shapes. Therefore, few manikins can rarely ensure accommodation of an entire target population. Different approaches exist on how to consider anthropometric diversity. This paper reviews current  DHM  tools  and  clarify  problems  and  opportunities  when  working  with anthropometric diversity. The aim is to suggest  functionality  for a state of the art DHM  module  and  work  process  for  considering  anthropometric  diversity.  The study is done by an analysis of some of the current DHM systems and by interviews of  personnel  at  car  companies  about  their  way  of  working  with  anthropometric diversity. The study confirmed that critical production simulations are often done in early development stages with only one or a few human models. The reason for this is claimed to be time consuming processes, both at the creation of the human model but  mainly  when  correctly  positioning  the  model  in  the  CAD  environment.  The development  of  a  new  method  and  work  process  for  considering  anthropometric diversity is suggested. Necessary features for such a module are that it shall be easy to use and not require expert knowledge about the consideration of anthropometric diversity. It shall also be configurable and transparent, in a sense that it should be possible  to  work  with  own  anthropometric  data  and  ergonomics  evaluation standards. The module has to be flexible and have different entrances depending on the type of anthropometric problem being analyzed. An improved work method is expected to lead to faster and more correct analyses.

  • 194.
    Bertilsson, Erik
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Högberg, Dan
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Hanson, Lars
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Using experimental design to define boundary manikins2012In: Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment and Rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, Vol. 41, p. 4598-4605Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When evaluating human-machine interaction it is central to consider anthropometric diversity to ensure intended accommodation levels. A well-known method is the use of boundary cases where manikins with extreme but likely measurement combinations are derived by mathematical treatment of anthropometric data. The supposition by that method is that the use of these manikins will facilitate accommodation of the expected part of the total, less extreme, population. In literature sources there are differences in how many and in what way these manikins should be defined. A similar field to the boundary case method is the use of experimental design in where relationships between affecting factors of a process is studied by a systematic approach. This paper examines the possibilities to adopt methodology used in experimental design to define a group of manikins. Different experimental designs were adopted to be used together with a confidence region and its axes. The result from the study shows that it is possible to adapt the methodology of experimental design when creating groups of manikins. The size of these groups of manikins depends heavily on the number of key measurements but also on the type of chosen experimental design.

  • 195.
    Bertilsson, Erik
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Högberg, Dan
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Hanson, Lars
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Wondmagegne, Yosief
    University of Skövde.
    Multidimensional consideration of anthropometric diversity2011In: Proceedings of DHM, First International Symposium on Digital Human Modeling, Université Claude Bernard Lyon , 2011, p. 1-6Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Boundary manikins, the concept of creating statistically extreme cases to accommodate a big part of the less extreme population has been known for decades. Despite this, many ergonomics simulations are done with few human models. This fact can be explained by the time consuming processes when working with many manikins in current digital human modelling (DHM) tools, but may also be a result of difficulty to understand how these manikins are calculated and defined. This paper focuses on the method of defining boundary manikins and how that functionality can be integrated into a DHM tool. Examples of boundary case methods in the literature often use Principal Component Analysis (PCA) which makes it possible to reduce the dimensions of the problem without much loss of the variance of the analysed data. Using PCA often demands some extent of manual analysis at the critical stage of reducing dimensions. This paper will explain a similar methodology for ceating boundary manikins from any number of variables, i.e. anthropometric variables chosen as key measurements. This method of creating a group of manikins is intended to be used in an automatic simulation feature in the IMMA software being developed in the associated research project. By using the method, a confidence region in the standardized space is created from eigenvectors and scaled eigenvalues of a correlation matrix. Boundary manikins are chosen at the ends of the axes of the enclosing confidence region, and one manikin of mean values is also added to the group of manikins. In the method presented here, the number of manikins created depends directly on the number of variables, which lead to the fact that the decision making of which key measurements to consider has to be done carefully to not create an overwhelming number of manikins. In comparison with one method using PCA, the method presented in this paper creates more manikins with a bigger difference in the max and min values of the chosen key measurements. If a limited number of cases are of crucial interest, then using PCA to reduce the dimensions of the problem is a good method to use. But if it is possible to create automated simulations the limitation of the number of manikins might not be so important. This will, though, depend heavily on the speed of the automated simulations.

  • 196.
    Bertilsson, Erik
    et al.
    University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. Department of Product and Production Development, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Keyvani, Ali
    Department of Product and Production Development, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden / Innovatum AB, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Högberg, Dan
    University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Hanson, Lars
    Department of Product and Production Development, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden / Industrial Development, Scania CV, Södertälje, Sweden.
    Assessment of manikin motions in IMMA2012In: Advances in Applied Human Modeling and Simulation / [ed] Vincent G. Duffy, Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2012, p. 235-244Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When evaluating human-machine interaction in a virtual environment using Digital human modelling (DHM) it is important to ensure that the predicted motions lie within the range of behavioural diversity for different people within a population. This paper presents a study in which a comparison is made between motions predicted by the DHM tool IMMA (Intelligently Moving Manikin) and motions from real humans stored in a motion database. Results show similar motions but the predicted motions were in total statistically significantly different compared to the motions performed by real persons. The differences are most likely due to the balance function and joint constraints that the IMMA tool uses for predicting motions. Differences can also be due to other factors, aside of body size, such as age, gender or strength that affects the movement behaviour.

  • 197.
    Bertilsson, Erik
    et al.
    University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Svensson, Erik
    University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Högberg, Dan
    University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Hanson, Lars
    Department of Product and Production Development, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden / Industrial Development, Scania CV, Södertälje, Sweden.
    Use of digital human modelling and consideration of anthropometric diversity in Swedish industry2010In: Proceedings of the 42nd annual Nordic Ergonomic Society Conference, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This  paper  study  and  clarify  problems,  needs  and  opportunities  when  working  with anthropometric  diversity  in  digital  human  modelling  (DHM)  systems.  A  comparison between  product  development  and  production  development  in  Swedish  automotive industry is made. Interviews with DHM users and ergonomics specialists about their way of working with anthropometric diversity confirmed that simulations are often done with only one or  a  few  human models.  The reason for  this  is  claimed  to  be  time  consuming processes, both at the creation of the human model but mainly when correctly positioning the model in the CAD environment.

  • 198.
    Bi, Z. M.
    et al.
    Department of Engineering, Indiana University Purdue University Fort Wayne, Fort Wayne, IN, United States.
    Wang, Lihui
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    A Study on Optimal Machine Setups Using an Energy Modeling Approach2012In: Proceedings of NAMRI/SME, Society of Manufacturing Engineers, North American Manufacturing Research Institution of SME , 2012, p. 571-579Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, energy models are developed based on the kinematic and dynamic behaviors of chosen machine tools. One significant benefit of the developed energy models is their inherited relationship to the design variables involved in the manufacturing processes. Therefore, they can be readily applied to optimize process parameters to reduce energy consumption. A new parallel kinematic machine Exechon is used as a case study to demonstrate the procedures of energy model development with direct relation to appropriate process parameters. The derived energy model is then used for simulation of drilling operations on aircraft components to demonstrate its feasibility. Simulation results indicate that the developed energy model has led to an optimized machine setup which only consumes less than one-third of the energy of an average machine setup over the workspace. This approach can be extended and applied to other machines to establish their energy models for green manufacturing.

  • 199.
    Bi, Z. M.
    et al.
    Department of Engineering, Indiana University Purdue University Fort Wayne, 2101 E. Coliseum Blvd., Fort Wayne, IN 46805, United States.
    Wang, Lihui
    University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Advances in 3D data acquisition and processing for industrial applications2010In: Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, ISSN 0736-5845, E-ISSN 1879-2537, Vol. 26, no 5, p. 403-413Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A critical task of vision-based manufacturing applications is to generate a virtual representation of a physical object from a dataset of point clouds. Its success relies on reliable algorithms and tools. Many effective technologies have been developed to solve various problems involved in data acquisition and processing. Some articles are available on evaluating and reviewing these technologies and underlying methodologies. However, for most practitioners who lack a strong background on mathematics and computer science, it is hard to understand theoretical fundamentals of the methodologies. In this paper, we intend to survey and evaluate recent advances in data acquisition and progressing,and provide an overview from a manufacturing perspective. Some potential manufacturing applications have been introduced, the technical gaps between the practical requirements and existing technologies discussed, and research opportunities identified.

  • 200.
    Bi, Z. M.
    et al.
    Queen's University Belfast, UK.
    Wang, Lihui
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Design of a Cobot with Three Omni-Wheels2009In: Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing / [ed] Farhad Nabhani, Catherine Frost, Sara Zarei, Munir Ahmad, William. G. Sullivan, Gemini International Ltd , 2009, p. 360-367Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Collaborative robots (Cobots) have been proposed to guide and assist human operators to move heavy objects in a given trajectory. Most of the existing cobots us steering wheels; typical drawbacks of using steering wheels include (i) the difficulty to follow a trajectory with a curvature larger than that of the base platform, (ii) the difficulty to mount encoders on steering wheels due to self-spinning of the wheels, and (iii) the difficulty to quarantine dynamic control performance since it is purely kinematic control. In this paper, a new cobot with the omni-wheels has been proposed, and its design model has been developed, and a simulation has been conducted to validate this control performance.

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