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  • 10201.
    Vernon, David
    University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Goal-directed Action and Eligible Forms of Embodiment2013In: Constructivist Foundations, ISSN 1782-348X, E-ISSN 1782-348X, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 85-86Article, review/survey (Refereed)
  • 10202.
    Vernon, David
    University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Interpreting Ashby - But which One?2013In: Constructivist Foundations, ISSN 1782-348X, E-ISSN 1782-348X, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 111-113Article, review/survey (Refereed)
  • 10203.
    Vernon, David
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Reconciling Constitutive and Behavioural Autonomy: The Challenge of Modelling Development in Enactive Cognition2016In: Intellectica, ISSN 0769-4113, Vol. 65, p. 63-79Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the enactive paradigm of cognitive science, development plays a crucial role in the realization of cognition. This position runs counter to the computational functionalism upon which cognitivist and classical artificial intelligence systems are founded, especially the assumption that cognition can be achieved by embedding pre-formed knowledge. The enactive stance involves a progressive phased transition from cognitive capacity to cognitive capability, highlighting the role of development in extending the timescale of a cognitive agent’s prospective abilities and in expanding its repertoire of effective action. We review briefly some necessary conditions for cognitive development, drawing on examples from developmental psychology, illustrating the ideas by looking at the ontogenesis of instru- mental helping and collaboration in infants, and identifying some of the essential elements of a developmental cognitive architecture. We then focus on the fact that enactive sys- tems are operationally-closed, autonomous, and self-maintaining. Consequently, there are organizational constitutive processes at play as well as behavioural ones. Reconciling these complementary processes poses a significant challenge for the creation of complete model of development that must show how constitutive autonomy is compatible with and may even give rise to behavioural autonomy. We conclude by drawing attention to recent research which could provide a way of addressing this challenge. 

  • 10204.
    Vernon, David
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Visual Cognition2014In: Computer Vision: A Reference Guide / [ed] Katsushi Ikeuchi, Boston: Springer, 2014, p. 860-862Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 10205.
    Vernon, David
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Beetz, Michael
    Institute for Artificial Intelligence, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany.
    Giulio, Sandini
    Department of Robotics, Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Genova, Italy.
    Prospection in cognition: The case for joint episodic-procedural memory in cognitive robotics2015In: Frontiers in Robotics and AI, ISSN 2296-9144, Vol. 2, article id 19Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 10206.
    Vernon, David
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Billing, Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Hemeren, Paul
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Thill, Serge
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Ziemke, Tom
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre. Department of Computer and Information Science, Linköping University, Sweden.
    An Architecture-oriented Approach to System Integration in Collaborative Robotics Research Projects: An Experience Report2015In: Journal of Software Engineering for Robotics, ISSN 2035-3928, E-ISSN 2035-3928, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 15-32Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Effective system integration requires strict adherence to strong software engineering standards, a practice not much favoured in many collaborative research projects. We argue that component-based software engineering (CBSE) provides a way to overcome this problem because it provides flexibility for developers while requiring the adoption of only a modest number of software engineering practices. This focus on integration complements software re-use, the more usual motivation for adopting CBSE. We illustrate our argument by showing how a large-scale system architecture for an application in the domain of robot-enhanced therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been implemented. We highlight the manner in which the integration process is facilitated by the architecture implementation of a set of placeholder components that comprise stubs for all functional primitives, as well as the complete implementation of all inter-component communications. We focus on the component-port-connector meta-model and show that the YARP robot platform is a well-matched middleware framework for the implementation of this model. To facilitate the validation of port-connector communication, we configure the initial placeholder implementation of the system architecture as a discrete event simulation and control the invocation of each component’s stub primitives probabilistically. This allows the system integrator to adjust the rate of inter-component communication while respecting its asynchronous and concurrent character. Also, individual ports and connectors can be periodically selected as the simulator cycles through each primitive in each sub-system component. This ability to control the rate of connector communication considerably eases the task of validating component-port-connector behaviour in a large system. Ultimately, over and above its well-accepted benefits for software re-use in robotics, CBSE strikes a good balance between software engineering best practice and the socio-technical problem of managing effective integration in collaborative robotics research projects. 

  • 10207.
    Vernon, David
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Lowe, Robert
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre. Division of Cognition and Communication, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Thill, Serge
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Ziemke, Tom
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre. Department of Computer and Information Science, Linköping University, Sweden.
    Embodied cognition and circular causality: On the role of constitutive autonomy in the reciprocal coupling of perception and action2015In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 6, article id 1660Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 10208.
    Vernon, David
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Thill, Serge
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Ziemke, Tom
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    The Role of Intention in Cognitive Robotics2016In: Toward Robotic Socially Believable Behaving Systems: Volume I / [ed] Anna Esposito & Lakhmi C. Jain, Switzerland: Springer, 2016, p. 15-27Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We argue that the development of robots that can interact effectively with people requires a special focus on building systems that can perceive and comprehend intentions in other agents. Such a capability is a prerequisite for all pro-social behaviour and in particular underpins the ability to engage in instrumental helping and mutual collaboration. We explore the prospective and intentional nature of action, highlighting the importance of joint action, shared goals, shared intentions, and joint attention in facilitating social interaction between two or more cognitive agents. We discuss the link between reading intentions and theory of mind, noting the role played by internal simulation, especially when inferring higher-level actionfocussed intentions. Finally, we highlight that pro-social behaviour in humans is the result of a developmental process and we note the implications of this for the challenge of creating cognitive robots that can read intentions.

  • 10209.
    Vernon, David
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    von Hofsten, Claes
    Department of Psychology, University of Uppsala, Sweden.
    Fadiga, Luciano
    Section of Human Physiology, University of Ferrara, Italy / IIT@UniFe Center for Translational Neurophysiology, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Ferrara, Italy.
    Desiderata for developmental cognitive architectures2016In: Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures, ISSN 2212-683X, E-ISSN 2212-6848, Vol. 18, p. 116-127Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper complements Ron Sun’s influential Desiderata for Cognitive Architectures by focussing on the desirable attributes of a biologically-inspired cognitive architecture for an agent with a capacity for autonomous development. Ten desiderata are identified, dealing with value systems & motives, embodiment, sensorimotor contingencies, perception, attention, prospective action, memory, learning, internal simulation, and constitutive autonomy. These desiderata are motivated by studies in developmental psychology, cognitive neuroscience, and enactive cognitive science. All ten focus on the ultimate aspects of cognitive development — why a feature is necessary and what it enables — rather on than the proximate mechanisms by which it can be realized. As such, the desiderata are for the most part neutral regarding the paradigm of cognitive science — cognitivist or emergent — that is adopted when designing a cognitive architecture. Where some element of a desideratum is specific to a particular paradigm, this is noted.

  • 10210.
    Vesiaid, Kätlin
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Inskolning av barn i behov av särskilt stöd i förskolan: En fenomenografisk intervjustudie av förskollärarnas erfarenheter2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 210 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to analyze the different ways for preschool teachers to work with the introduction period for children with special educational needs in preschools. The provided background literature highlights different governing documents that regulate the work with children in need of special support in Swedish preschools. The background literature also gives an overview of research about introduction period in preschools; concept and work with children with special educational needs in Sweden; how teachers’ expertise and educational bakground affects the work during introduction period; and an overview of Bowlby's attachment theory. The study uses a qualitative research methodology in form of phenomenography. The results of the study are based on three individual interviews with preschool teachers as well as one group interview with two preschool teachers.

    The results of the study demonstrate that teachers’ view on children in need of special support is the key factor in organizing the introduction to preschool. Introduction is seen as an individual process, regardless of the induction model used. The results show at the same time that introduction needs to be even more individually adapted for children in need of special support. The child’s confidence and sense of security was seen as fundamental to the child’s development. The biggest difference between working with confidence and sense of secutiry during the introduction of children with special educational needs in comparison with introduction of children without special educational needs was the increased amount of support aimed towards the guardians in their development of trust towards the preschool. The guardians are also considered to be in need of support when it comes to their adjustment with the child’s situation. Theoretical skills were considered to be the foundamental for preschool teachers in their work regarding the introduction of children in need of special support. At the same time as increased need for skills regarding the child’s specific needs became clear through the study’s results.

  • 10211.
    Vessela, Misheva
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Samhället och sociologin i Niklas Luhmanns systemteori2011In: Sociologik: Tio essäer om socialitet och tänkande / [ed] Christian Abrahamsson, Fredrik Palm & Sverre Wide, Stockholm: Santérus Academic Press Sweden, 2011, p. 177-215Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 10212.
    Vesterlund, Christina
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Menydesign på webb2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 10213.
    Vesterlund, Julia
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Kundresa: Integration mellan företagsägda kontaktpunkter2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Companies tend to deliver meaningful customer experiences by using customer journeys. A customer journey represents a sequence of events that include the customer's entire purchase cycle, from pre-purchase phase to post-purchase phase. In these journeys, company owned touchpoints constitute a key part, as it is through these touchpoints that companies and customers share information with one another throughout the entire customer journey. Accurate information is imperative for the companies to communicate with the right customer, at the right time and with a relevant message, regardless of which touchpoint the customer chooses. Accurate information requires access to relevant and high quality data, as well as adequate measures to enable unambiguous and complete flow of information. In fact, this is easier said than done. There are currently no clear guidelines on how companies should integrate touchpoints to ensure an uninterrupted information sharing. In previous research, there is a lack of studies conducted on factual cases. Therefore, this study has been conducted as a case study, which aim is to study an automobile company’s approach to integrate its touchpoints.

    The result of this study indicates that there are negative factors that hamper the information sharing, and at the same time pose a threat to positive factors that include core business processes to streamline information sharing. To maintain an effective information sharing, and to protect the business against negative factors, positive factors should be synchronized. This solution requires a corporate IT architecture, which includes suitable systems and tools for customer interaction, and which can be linked to the core processes of the business. 

  • 10214.
    Vestin, Adam
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Spetz, Filip
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Sjuksköterskans upplevelse av vårdande relationer med patienter med psykisk ohälsa inom somatisk akutsjukvård2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The number of people with mental illness is increasing in Sweden and thenumber of healthcare seekers increases. More and more patients are looking for somaticemergency care, which makes workload more challenging. A patient with mental illnesslives in a complex life situation and therefore it´s challenging for a nurse to create acomplete understanding of the patient's well-being. Strengthening the caring relationshipand preserve the nurse's role in nursing will therefore be a challenge. Objective: Thepurpose is to describe how nurses experiences caring relationships with patients withmental illness in somatic emergency care. Method: A literature review. Result: Fourthemes appear in the result. Each theme is highly influential in the caring relationship. Thethemes that emerge are: The importance of the environment, emotions and experiences,attitudes and lack of knowledge, and need of qualification. Conclusions: Unknowledge incombination with time pressure, lack of communication, attitudes and inadequate structuralenvironment adversely affects nurses' experiences of the care meetings with patients withmental illness.

  • 10215.
    Vestin, Amanda
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience.
    Is There a You in Your Brain?: The Neuroscientific Support for the Bundle-Theory View of the Nature of the Self2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Why do you experience yourself as a continuous self? This is a central question when regarding the self and it has two kinds of answers: either there is something like an ego inside you which is the entity perceiving all your experiences (the ego theory-view), or there is no such thing as a self or an ego and you are just a collection of different perceptions (the bundle theory-view). There are many different components all contributing to the concept of self as a whole leading to different neuroscientific ways of measuring it and some researchers are arguing for the nonexistence of a unified self-system within the brain. The aim of this thesis is to review how neuroscientific findings might contribute to the philosophical debate about the nature of self. The thesis starts off by reviewing the different concepts and components with which the self is typically described, both in philosophy and in the empirical research field of neuroscience. Then follows a presentation of three important aspects of self-awareness – first-person perspective, self-reflection, and interoception – and their specific associated brain areas (namely, the medial prefrontal cortex, the posterior and anterior cingulate cortices, and insula). The purpose here is to examine how the self is approached in these studies. After this the thesis explores to what extent neuroscience supports the bundle theory-view, with a focus on reviewing the different brain networks involved in the processing of self. In conclusion, the thesis suggests that the literature reviewed provides neuroscientific support for the bundle theory-view that there is no unified self located in the brain, mostly because of the dissimilar neural activations associated with different self-related processes. In other words, the bundle theory seems to be correct despite the experienced feeling you have of being a continuous and unified self. 

  • 10216.
    Vestin, Jenny-Ann
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Bredenfeldt, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Relationen mellan "identitetskärnan" och postmoderniteten: En kvalitativ undersökning om relationer, identitet och postmodernism2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi har valt att genomföra denna studie då vi anser att det är ett ämne som är relevant då det inte finns så mycket tidigare forskning om sambandet mellan identitet, relationer och det postmoderna samhället. Problemformulering i denna studie är: Hur upplever 19–20-åriga ungdomar, av båda könen, identitetsskapande och relationer i det postmoderna samhället? Studien genomfördes i form av semistrukturerade intervjuer och på så sätt försökte vi förstå hur ungdomarna hanterar den komplexitet som ligger bakom de postmoderna identite-terna och deras skapelseprocess. Intervjuerna sattes i förhållande till teorier av exempelvis Mead (1977), Bauman (2002, 2003) och Giddens (1997). Tidigare forskning visar att postmodernitetens identitet är ett uppmärksammat ämne ex-empelvis genom Hjalmarson Vertovecs (2009) studie kring just postmodernitetens identitet. Dock läggs fokus, i denna studie, på relationernas betydelse för identitetsskapande i det post-moderna samhället. På så sätt kompletteras bilden av postmoderna identiteter. Målgruppen i denna studie är varierad, uppsatsen kan läsas av socialpsykologer då den är skriven ur ett socialpsykologiskt perspektiv. Men den kan också läsas av någon som är in-tresserad av något av våra huvudbegrepp; identitet, postmodernitet och relationer. I och med vald metod, semistrukturerade intervjuer, är det lämpligt att ett bekvämlig-hetsurval används. Respondentantalet var 6 stycken. De innehållsrika intervjuerna bidrog till att en grundlig analys kunde genomföras och därmed fann vi reliabla förklaringar till studiens frågeställningar. De resultat vi funnit visar att identitet, relationer och samhälle är tre ämnen som är mer sammanknutna än vi först trodde från början. Respondenterna hade ibland svårt att skilja de olika teman vi valt åt, då de är så ihopkopplade i dagens samhälle. Resultaten visar att identi-teten idag sammankopplas väldigt lätt med roller och att relationer är en stor påverkansfaktor i identitetsskapandet. Slutsatser vi dragit utifrån denna studie är bland annat att detta ämne är relevant och att det behövs göras fortsatta, djupare studier inom det.

  • 10217.
    Vestman, C.
    et al.
    Department of Dialysis, Skaraborgs Hospital, Skövde, Sweden.
    Hasselroth, M.
    Department of Dialysis, Skaraborgs Hospital, Skövde, Sweden.
    Berglund, Mia
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Freedom and Confinement: Patients' Experiences of Life with Home Haemodialysis2014In: Nursing Research and Practice, ISSN 2090-1429, E-ISSN 2090-1437, article id 252643Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Patients with chronic end stage renal disease need dialysis to survive; however, they also need a treatment that suits their life situation. It is important that healthcare providers provide reliable, up-to-date information about different dialysis treatment options. Since home haemodialysis is a relatively new treatment, it is necessary to gather more knowledge about what the treatment entails from the patient’s perspective. The aim of this study was to describe patients’ experiences of having home haemodialysis. To gain access to the patients’ experiences, they were asked to write narratives, which describe both their good and bad experiences of life with the treatment. The narratives were analysed with a qualitative method. The results of this analysis are subdivided into five themes: freedom to be at home and control their own treatment, feeling of being alone with the responsibility, changes in the home environment, need for support, and security and well-being with home haemodialysis. The conclusion is that home haemodialysis provides a certain level of freedom, but the freedom is limited as the treatment itself is restrictive. In order to improve patients’ experiences with home haemodialysis, more research based on patients’ experiences is needed and it is necessary to involve the patients in the development of the care.

  • 10218.
    Vestving, Selma
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Faktorer som påverkar patienter med annan etnicitet i kommunikationen med en sjuksköterska: ur ett patientperspektiv2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Patients with different ethnicity can be vulnerable due to lack of knowledge of the language in the new country which causes communication difficulties. This problem is an international phenomenon and often contributes to communication problems when these groups of patients meet with the nurses in the health care system. Background: The result of the communication has great impact on the quality of care in the healthcare. A nurse must be aware of the effects the language barriers have on a patient while he/she is under care, and this barriers become an obstacle to get in touch with the healthcare. If the communication between a nurse and patients with different ethnicity hindered, it can lead to for example depression at the patient. Aim: The study’s aim is to describe the factors that influence the immigrant patient’s communication with nurse, from the patient's perspective. Method: A literature review is designed to answer the study’s purpose. Result: The result showed that there have been found three different themes, lack of language skills, interpreter/family and culture. The results showed that patients experienced the communication with the nurse to be decisive about their overall ratings of good or bad care. When language barriers arose the staff could arrange for a certified interpreter, but even this could be problematic as dialect differences.

  • 10219.
    Veto, Peter
    et al.
    Department of Neurological, Neuropsychological, Morphological and Movement Sciences, Section of Physiology and Psychology, University of Verona, Strada Le Grazie, 8, 37143 Verona – Italy.
    Thill, Serge
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Hemeren, Paul
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Incidental and non-incidental processing of biological motion: Orientation, attention and life detection2013In: Cooperative Minds: Social Interaction and Group Dynamics: Proceedings of the 35th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society Berlin, Germany, July 31-August 3, 2013 / [ed] Markus Knauff, Michael Pauen, Natalie Sebanz & Ipke Wachsmuth, Cognitive Science Society, Inc., 2013, p. 1528-1533Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on the unique traits of biological motion perception, the existence of a “life detector”, a special sensitivity to perceiving motion patterns typical for animals, seems to be plausible (Johnson, 2006). Showing motion displays upside-down or with changes in global structure is known to disturb processing in different ways, but not much is known yet about how inversion affects attention and incidental processing. To examine the perception of upright and inverted point-light walkers regarding incidental processing, we used a flanker paradigm (Eriksen & Eriksen, 1974) adapted for biological motion (Thornton & Vuong, 2004), and extended it to include inverted and scrambled figures. Results show that inverted walkers do not evoke incidental processing and they allow high accuracy in performance only when attentional capacities are not diminished. An asymmetrical interaction between upright and inverted figures is found which alludes to qualitatively different pathways of processing.

  • 10220.
    Viberg, Tove
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Skolbaserade interventioner för stresshantering – vad fungerar?: En systematisk litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Stress is a large and growing problem in Sweden, where one of the most vulnerable groups are teenagers. Chronic stress can bring about devastating consequences for the individual as well as for the society, and measures must therefore be taken to reduce stress in this group. An important arena for this work is the school. The aim of this study was to investigate which factors that make school-based stress management interventions effective in reducing stress in teenagers. Methods: A systematic literature review was conducted, which included 15 quantitative articles published during the last ten years. The databases used were PubMed, CINAHL and PsycINFO. Results: The result showed that type of prevention, time factors and type of stress management tool had an impact on when school-based stress management interventions was effective. Discussion: The study identified three factors which had an impact on the effectiveness of stress management interventions in schools for teenagers. However, the studies are heterogenous and in several cases small, which makes it hard to draw conclusions and make recommendations. More research is needed and should be prioritized.

  • 10221.
    Videll, Isabella
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Wall, Filippa
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    "Att ett barn dör kan kännas orättvist": Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av att vårda barn i palliativt skede2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Annually about 560 children pass away in Sweden.  Nurses have a central role in the care of palliative children. Through their care, nurses should strive for a family-centered nursing method and meet the patients and family’s values and emotions in order to create a satisfactory and meaningful end of life. The care of a palliative child stands in direct contrast to the image of a long and happy life, which contributes to great emotional challenges for nurses. Purpose: To illuminate nurses' experience of caring for children in the palliative stage. Method: A literature-based study with a qualitative approach. Results: Four themes emerged from the collected data; to create a meaningful end of life, communication and to create a connection, a struggle against lack of organizational conditions and to accept a child's passing - a problematic process. Conclusion: Nurses feel that it´s an emotionally demanding job where it´s desirable to be able to create a satisfactory and meaningful end of life. However, there is a lack of education and competence for nurses to be able to provide the desired care and to handle their emotional burden. Further education and research are required to improve the nurse's knowledge of the subject.

  • 10222.
    Vidlund, Elin
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience.
    Moral cognition and its neural correlates: Possibilites for enhancement of moral cognition and behavior2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to provide an overview of some key theories and frameworks regarding moral cognition and its neural correlates, in order to examine the possibilities of enhancement of moral cognition. Moral cognition arises from the functional integration of several distinct brain regions and networks. These neural systems correspond to different socioaffective abilities, such as empathy and compassion, as well as sociocognitive abilities, such as theory of mind. Due to this neural distinction, these moral abilities, behaviors, and emotions can be targeted and trained separately. Recent research suggests that training sociocognitive and socioaffective abilities increases cortical thickness in corresponding brain regions and networks, hence providing support for adult neural plasticity in relation to moral cognition. Increased cortical thickness also corresponds to enhanced performance in socioaffective and sociocognitive abilities. Training compassion and empathy induce enhanced abilities to pick up emotional cues, as well as strengthen the motivation to alleviate others’ distress. Practicing theory of mind allows for a better understanding of the perspective of others, which has been indicated to reduce biases between individuals or societal groups. Thus, enhanced moral cognition can contribute to an increase in consideration for those affected by our choices and behavior, which may yield more compassionate, just, and safe societies.

  • 10223.
    Vielfort, Andreas
    University of Skövde, Department of Computer Science.
    Text och tal vid inlärning1997Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att använda samplat tal i datorprogram blir allt vanligare vilket leder in på frågan om detta är av godo. Kan tal och text kombineras i en datorapplikation för att skapa effektivare inlärning eller bör en sådan kombination undvikas? För att utreda detta studerades teorier rörande inlärning, cues, kognitiva flaskhalsar samt automatisk informationsbehandling. Utifrån dessa teorier drogs slutsatsen att en kombination av text och tal inte ger en effektivare inlärning. För att undersöka detta empiriskt genomfördes ett kvantitativt experiment med 60 experimentdeltagare i åldrarna 11-13 år. Experimentdeltagarna studerade ett inlärningsmaterial vilket utgjordes av fakta om ett imaginärt land. Deltagarna testades sedan och deras resultat jämfördes utifrån om de läst, lyssnat eller både läst och lyssnat på inlärningsmaterialet.

  • 10224.
    Vigstrand Stenberg, Pernilla
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Lagset, Sofie
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Personalens säljteknik inom detaljhandeln: Hur kunder uppfattar servicen2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The consumption of shoes and clothes has increased with 50 % between the years 2000 and 2010. This makes the shoe industry especially interesting to look closer to in particular because of the bad service in shoe stores in the country according to DNs investigation. The problem of the essay is building on: how do sellers influence consumer’s satisfaction in shoes stores? What do different types of consumers want in sellers?

     

    To build understanding for this problem this essay is presenting relevant theories about selling techniques, adapting selling and different types of consumers. This describes the importance of adapt selling after the consumer special needs and different types of consumer and how to adapt selling to these different types. The selected selection with 90 respondents will make a quantitative method and to make the study’s results with a lot of credibility and reliability.

    The respondents divided in three different shoe stores, 30 in each store. The study was to clarify how the respondents experienced the stores service and which types the costumers belong to and also which type of seller they preferred. The result of the study showed that the roll of the seller in shoe stores have big influence and that most of the costumers requesting a seller that is available. It can be hard to fully discern different types of costumers and what kind of seller they want then each costumer is unique and special, but it is possible to see a pattern and interconnections according to the theory and the study has also given the essay new approaches on certain parts. As certain types of costumer do not prefer the kind of seller that the theory indicates, and the different types of costumers want the products to be presented in different ways.

  • 10225.
    Viking, Jenny
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience.
    Stress: Kognitiv Påverkan och Åtgärder för Återhämtning2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Stress är i sig inte farlig om den inte blir långvarig och konstant, den här rapporten har tittat på vilka effekter och eventuella konsekvenser stress har på de fysiologiska och kognitiva systemen hos människan. En långvarig aktivering av HPA-axeln, vilken kan kallas prestations/stressaxeln, leder bland annat till kroniskt förhöjda kortisolnivåer vilket har negativa effekter för hälsan. Strukturer i hjärnan vilka ofta kopplas till stressrelaterade sjukdomar är hippocampus och prefrontala kortex. De konsekvenserna som kan följa på långvarig stress är kognitiva nedsättningar och skador på bland annat hippocampus, brister i immunförsvaret, hjärt- och kärlsjukdomar, ångest, kroniskt utmattningssyndrom, mag- och tarmbesvär samt depression. I rapporten visas att stress har stora negativa konsekvenser på individnivå både gällande kognitiva funktioner, så som minne, och även på det fysiologiska systemet. Det finns åtgärder att använda för att reducera upplevelsen av stress samt de negativa effekterna av stress, så som fysisk aktivitet, mindfulness meditation och muskulär avslappning. 

  • 10226.
    Viklund, Hugo
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Könets roll i rollspel: Hur spelare förhåller sig till sina karaktärer beroende på dess kön2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie har undersökt om spelare förhåller sig annorlunda till sin karaktär i papper & penna rollspel på grund av karaktärernas kön. Detta gjordes genom att skapa en artefakt, en så kallad ”one-shot”, av ett kortare äventyr med hjälp av den fjärde utgåvan av regelverket för papper & penna rollspelet Dungeons & Dragons. Artefakten utspelade sig i ett stort spökhus med en ond häxa inuti. Spelarna fick välja mellan fyra olika manliga karaktärer att ta kontroll över inför äventyret. Äventyret tillät spelarna att lösa flera enkla pussel, slåss mot häxans magiska korpar samt pussla ihop vem häxan var och vad hennes verkliga mål egentligen var. Halvvägs genom denna spelomgång förvandlar häxan alla karaktärerna till kvinnor och tillär spelarna att välja mellan två speciella drycker vid två tillfällen. Alla dessa delmoment och faktorer användes för att observera om det fanns någon skillnad i spelarnas agerande under spelomgången. Efter äventyret avslutats deltog alla spelare i en individuell, kvalitativ intervju på cirka 20 till 30 minuter. Frågorna från intervjuerna kan ses i Appendix A. Resultaten visar att könet av en karaktär inte förändrar hur en spelare tänker eller agerar utan andra faktorer. Om scenariot spelarna befinner sig i trycker på könsroller kan spelarna välja att utnyttja sin karaktärs kön för att uppnå någonting, men detta sker inte helt baslöst på grund av könet i sig. 

  • 10227.
    Viklund, Sara
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Setterberg, Louise
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    ARTEFAKTER PÅ FÖRSKOLANS UTEGÅRD: En kvalitativ studie om hur svenska förskolebarn interagerar med och uppfattar artefakterna på sin utegård2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study's purpose is to create a better understanding of how Swedish preschool children aged four to five years interact with and perceive the various artifacts on their patio. With artifacts means the physical tools that are on the preschool’s patio. We have chosen to focus on if the children play alone or with others, if they play by the given function or created function, and how they see the artifacts considering aesthetic judgments. We have used the method of the Mosaic approach that emphasizes the child's perspective. In our study have the children photographed the patio. Ten children were interviewed about the patio where the children's photographs were used to discuss. Four children guided us around the patio. The results showed that when the children talked about the pictures they came up with many different uses and opinions about the artifacts. During guided tours, we saw how four children interacted with the artifacts and we even got a comprehensive image of the patio. It turned out that the children used the sand together with the artifacts, which may be due to the sand is easily accessible and easy to move. It was also found that children think about their safety because the children showed a concern of falling from the artifacts that were highly placed. Our conclusion is that the patio offers privacy and play together with other children, and to use the given and created functions together with the artifacts. The results of the study show that the artifacts create a pleasant patio, which appears when the children gladly talk about and show the different artifacts.

  • 10228.
    Vikman, Stina
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Östman, Anne
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Skolsköterskors erfarenheter av att arbeta med gymnasieelever som har långvarig ogiltig frånvaro2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Students who stay at home from school have attracted increasing attention in recent years. Despite the Swedish compulsory school attendance in primary school and the voluntary nature of high school, more and more students give up school. Students health has an important role in promoting students school attendance, the focus is to put in effort in the early stage at absence.

    Aim: The aim of the study is to investigate the school nurses experience of working with high school students who have a long term absenteeism.

    Method: The study was conducted with a qualitative approach. The study is based on sixteen mail interviews with nurses working in high schools that were analyzed using significance analysis.

    Results: Four meanings were found describing the school nurses experience of working with high school students who have a long term absenteeism; the health dialogues enables to get to know the students, to achieve a safe relationship with students, cooperation with other professions and guardians and the importance of routines to promote students attendance.

    Conclusion: School nurses need to build a trustful relationship with students so that a safe relationship can occur. It’s important that students are being seen and heard in a respectful way, in the meeting with school nurses so that the cause of long term absenteeism appears.

  • 10229.
    Vikström, Jenny
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Eriksson, Alexandra
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    ATT TRIGGA KONSUMENTERTILL KÖP: Genom olika säljfrämjande åtgärder2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are many trading companies today, which bring fierce competition over the customers. Stores use a lot of different kinds of marketing to reach respective target groups, marketing is a very wide term and involves many different measures that the stores can use. Our study focuses on three different kinds of sales promotion who are relative common today. We have studied whether the coupon offers, SMS offers and offer ‘buy one get one for free’ affects different consumer behavior and if consumers become more inclined to buy when they are exposed to them. The offer ‘buy one get one for free’ can be used in several similar ways, but the authors have only seen the offer as a communication channel in the retail environment, such as signage and packaging. The research question that will illuminate the entire work is how consumer behavior is influenced by the discount offers? The things that are investigated are if coupons, text message offers and ‘buy one get one for free’ have an effect on consumers behavior and if they become more liable to purchase when they are exposed of these promotions. In our study we will express the highlights of the differences and similarities that emerged between different generations and through a gender perspective. We have also checked the possible risks respective opportunities that may be found using these three different kinds of saving offers. The authors have chosen to implement a quantitative approach and the inspiration for our survey is based on previous research. The survey has been conducted on 100 respondents questioned by e-mail and randomly selected in Katrineholm city. The participants surveyed are divided into four categories according to age and gender.The survey gave the authors evidence to demonstrate that consumers react differently depending on the type of promotion they were subjected. The authors can see a clear difference between these types of offers. 'Buy one get one for free' which refers to a communication channel in the retail environment was the offer that all participants preferred. The category with older men was the participants who generally did not prefer different types of discount offers.

  • 10230.
    Vikström, Jenny
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Manfredsson, Evelina
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Du ska inte bita den hand som föder dig: En studie på effekterna av religion och etiska värderingars inverkan på internationell marknadsföring i Saudiarabien2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Keywords: The impact of culture, ethics and religion, consumer behavior, International marketing and swedishness

    Purpose

    The purpose of this study is to create a deeper understanding about cultural factors, such as religion and ethical value, and the impact on Swedish business international marketing designs with focus on the Saudi Arabian market. With this knowledge the purpose of this study continues to focus on which effects this may have on the Swedish market and if the effects differ between different generations, gender and low-income respective high-income earners.

    Problem

    How do cultural factors, such as religion and ethical values, have an impact on Swedish business international marketing design in Saudi Arabia?

    Which impacts have the adaptations on the Swedish market and are there any differences between different groups of consumers, such as generations, gender and low-income respective high-income earners?

    Method

    This study focus on two big Swedish retail companies that operates on the Saudi Arabian market. The investigations in this study are built on both qualitative and quantitative data, one literature study and one survey that included 171 participants.

    Results and conclusions

    Cultural factors have a large impact on the businesses international marketing designs, but they have chosen different way to handle the situations. The Swedish consumers reactions were different regarding on the adaptations and it’s really important that the business know which adaptations that they are accepting and not. Customers may change from one brand to another because of ethical values and the companies need to have a long-term sustainable marketing.

  • 10231.
    Vilaplana Alamilla, Maria
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science.
    Hylander Ruiz, Gustavo
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science.
    Design of a modular delivery vehicle for cities2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report describes the conceptual design and development of a virtual prototype of a sustainable delivery vehicle for cities in the European Union. The project was carried out as a multidisciplinary project where one product design engineering student and one mechanical engineering student participated. The project’s design process was based on “The Mechanical Design Process” methodology by Ullman and secondary it was influenced by the product process of Ulrich & Eppinger.

    The initial phase of the project aimed to define the problem area and to set the requirements for the vehicle. This phase included: study of the problem, study of stakeholders, market research and an ergonomics study. When the requirements were set and clarified, the concept generation phase followed. The generated design concepts were then assessed according to the fulfilment of set requirements. One final concept was chosen for further development in the following product generation phase. In this phase, the vehicle was designed using virtual tools, and the design was developed and evaluated in further detail. The final concept is considered to fulfil most requirements, although there are some requirements that require further investigation and development.

  • 10232.
    Vilaplana, Francisco
    et al.
    Division of Glycoscience, School of Biotechnology, AlbaNova University Centre, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden / Department of Fibre and Polymer Technology, School of Chemical Science and Engineering, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Johanna
    Department of CollectionsThe Royal Armoury, Skokloster Castle, Hallwyl Museum, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sommer, Dorte V. P.
    School of Conservation, Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts Schools of Architecture, Design and Conservation, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Karlsson, Sigbritt
    University of Skövde. Department of Fibre and Polymer Technology, School of Chemical Science and Engineering, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Analytical markers for silk degradation: comparing historic silk and silk artificially aged in different environments2015In: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, ISSN 1618-2642, E-ISSN 1618-2650, Vol. 407, no 5, p. 1433-1449Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Suitable analytical markers to assess the degree of degradation of historic silk textiles at molecular and macroscopic levels have been identified and compared with silk textiles aged artificially in different environments, namely (i) ultraviolet (UV) exposure, (ii) thermo-oxidation, (iii) controlled humidity and (iv) pH. The changes at the molecular level in the amino acid composition, the formation of oxidative moieties, crystallinity and molecular weight correlate well with the changes in the macroscopic properties such as brightness, pH and mechanical properties. These analytical markers are useful to understand the degradation mechanisms that silk textiles undergo under different degradation environments, involving oxidation processes, hydrolysis, chain scission and physical arrangements. Thermo-oxidation at high temperatures proves to be the accelerated ageing procedure producing silk samples that most resembled the degree of degradation of early seventeenth-century silk. These analytical markers will be valuable to support the textile conservation tasks currently being performed in museums to preserve our heritage.

  • 10233.
    Vilhelmsson Ramshage, Bitte
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Skrivpedagogiska diskurser: En textanalys av styrdokument i grundskolan2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Thoughts behind planning and implementation of writing instruction in primary school is influenced by the attitudes the teacher has to his/hers teaching. To view language and writing from different perspectives yields different results. This study aims to identify the type pedagogical approach that is reflected in the governing documents for the primery school. The study carried out through an extensive document analysis in which the discourses of writing were identified, focusing on approach to education, language and writing. The starting point of the analysis was five discourses on writing pedagogical approach, a skill discourse, a creativity discourse, a process discourse, a genre discourse and a social practice discourse. The results show that a few of the approaches were represented more then other´s in the governing documents, but that all the approaches, to some extent, can be found. Above all is a process-oriented approach, representative of the view of writing while a more general attitude to learning and teaching displays a creativity approach, the assessment is made to appear mainly on the basis of a skill approach. The result of the document analysis whas, as a secondary aim, compared with a smaller questionnaire survey and the result show that differences existed between survey responses. There are also differences in how prominent the different approaches are in the documents. In the discussion of the results, the relationship between the outcome and previous research is raised. There is also a comparison of selected points from the forthcoming, course plan draft that at the time of the study is in alteration.

  • 10234.
    Viljamaa, Anmari
    et al.
    Business Transfer Ecosystems in Fostering Enterprise Continuity, Finland.
    Tall, Juha
    Business Transfer Ecosystems in Fostering Enterprise Continuity, Finland.
    Varamäki, Elina
    Business Transfer Ecosystems in Fostering Enterprise Continuity, Finland.
    Singer, Slavica
    J. J. Strossmayer University of Osijek, Croatia.
    Tornikoski, Erno
    Grenoble Ecole de Management, France.
    Durst, Susanne
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Ripolles, María
    Universitat Jaume I, Spain.
    Blesa, Andreu
    Universitat Jaume I, Spain.
    Alpeza, Mirela
    CEPOR - SMEs and Entrepreneurship Policy Centre, Zagreb, Croatia.
    Buffart, Mickael
    Grenoble Ecole de Management, France.
    Mezulic, Petra
    J. J. Strossmayer University of Osijek, Croatia.
    Business Transfer Ecosystems in Fostering Enterprise Continuity2016In: Creating Solutions with Sustainable Entrepreneurship, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to present the key elements and content of a business transfer ecosystem and examine the supportiveness of such a system in five European countries. A business transfer comprises a change of ownership of any firm or business from one person/legal entity to another person/legal entity with the aim of assuring the continued existence and commercial activity of the enterprise - when more than 50 % of the assets or shares are transferred (see e.g. Sten 2006; Van Teeffelen 2012). This definition includes both family successions and transfers to external buyers.

    The study also seeks to demonstrate a research gap regarding the necessity of an evidence-based design for business transfer ecosystems in fostering enterprise continuity.

     

    The study is based on a multiple case study involving five country cases. Data shows that there is a considerable variety regarding forms of business discontinuity, which is in line with former research. According to the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor survey, e.g., in Croatia only 0,83% of all business exits are based on opportunities to sell compared to 5,3% in Sweden. In Finland 15% of all exits are caused by none-profitable businesses vs. 56% in Spain; and financing difficulties is a reason for 24% of exits in Croatia and only for 2,7% in Sweden (Singer et al., 2014). The analysis further shows that business transfer ecosystems are very country specific. The different ecosystems studied are in different stages of development, ranging from highly developed infrastructure to practically none at all. The level of the business transfer infrastructure (e.g. advisory services, financing) varies, as does the complexity of relevant legislation. There are also similarities; in all countries the potential for business transfers is highest among micro firms, and none of the studied countries has a public database for business transfers.

     

    As the different stages of the life cycle of a firm (birth, growth, maturity, exit) are not evenly covered as regards statistical monitoring, the exit phase is susceptible to assumption-based approaches regarding the development of related ecosystems. The study’s findings contribute to the general awareness that a business transfer represents a phase in the firm’s life cycle that offers different possible strategic decisions. In sum, business transfers can be seen as an essential element of enterprise continuity and development.

  • 10235.
    Vindahl, Josefin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Elgh-Andreasson, Malin
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    REVISIONENS (O)BETYDELSE VID KREDITGIVNING TILL MINDRE FÖRETAG: En studie ur bankernas perspektiv2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: On November 1, 2010, the audit requirement for small businesses in Sweden was abolished. The abolition in Denmark and the UK caused problems for smaller businesses to get credit granted by banks. We wonder therefore how abolition has affected credit assessment of small businesses in Sweden.Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to study the factors that are important in lending to small businesses. The focus is on how reliable small and large banks believe that a non-audited financial report is compared with an audited financial report or if other factors are considered more important. The essay should help smaller businesses who faced with the decision to choose audit or not.Method: The paper is written from a qualitative approach where the empirical data is collected through semi-structured interviews. The collected materials were then compared, and paired with secondary data in the form of scientific articles.Conclusion: The study shows that the audit has no meaning when granting credits to the extent that accounting are prepared by competent persons. Instead, it's the trust that is created through relationships, which has the significant role in the granting of credit. Is there no confidence to the owner of the company, there is a risk that banks choose to reject a credit. The study also shows that no differences exist between small and large banks.

  • 10236.
    Vinghammar, Ellinor
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science.
    Utveckling av återanvändbar behållare för hygienartiklar2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Hair and skin care routines are commonly used in everyday life and many people use several different products when showering. When showering away from home it can be inconvenient to bring and use multiple bottles or jars.  Bottles and jars often take up a lot of space in the bag and prevents a simple and easy experience when showering after practice at the gym or when traveling. Mora Tool AB wants to see a product that can store many different hair and skin care products in one container and that can be brought in the hand luggage on airplanes.

    A market analysis was made in the start of the project to get a good overview of what similar products exists on the market today. To get a sense of what kind of habits and wishes potential customers had a user analysis was made. A requirement specification was put together to get a good overview of the requests and wishes the company and the customers had.

    A concept generation was made through brainstorming, sketches and prototypes and during the concept development the product’s aesthetics based on ergonomic properties and functions was developed. The final concept is a reusable package containing smaller packages that can be disassembled when needed. The configuration makes it easy to bring it in the hand luggage on airplanes and the user can adapt and combine the smaller packages to fit their own needs and wishes.

  • 10237.
    Vingéus, Kevin
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    AN INVESTIGATION ON MIMICKING WITH BREATH FOR IMMERSION: A case study on immersion comparing the differences between input-feedback and queued guidance during a breathing exercisein a VR experience using common hardware2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Practicing breathing exercises isn’t very engaging thou it is seen as great for well-being. Applications can utilize breath as a controller mechanism for interactions. With virtual reality (VR) being an effective tool for inducing the sense of immersion and presence, a breathing exercise was paired up with three alternative sessions in an application that was developed to examine the differences between mimicking and controlling input during an experience in VR, with the baseline of interaction being that of no other controllers but head-orientation-tracking of the VR device. Two pilot tests were performed to evaluate functionality and procedure. The main tests investigated the case of research. It was possible to identify mimicking as an immersive experience that promoted the breathing exercise, while input was more immersive but less beneficial towards performing the breathing exercise. The study was also conducted with- and addresses some design limitations of commonly accessible hardware.

  • 10238.
    Vingéus, Kevin
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Pitchrörelsens kommunikativa roll: En studie om hur pitchrörelser i ljud kommunicerar funktionalitet med hjälp av magi i interaktiva media2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här arbetet berör frågeställningen kring hur en specifika pitchrörelser i tre generella frekvensområden påverkar hur man uppfattar källan och affekten av magi genom ett interaktivt media. Med hjälp av tidigare forskning kring ljudperception och interaktivt lyssnande i samband med ytterligare research och löpande mindre undersökningar, framställdes en artefakt.Undersökningen omfattade 17 informanter mellan åldrarna 18-50 fördelade mellan en intervju- och enkätbaserad undersökning. De fick interagera med tre olika ljudeffekter och svara på frågor. Skillnaden mellan intervjuerna och enkätundersökningen var att de som deltog i enkäten endast interagerade med en av de tre ljudeffekterna.I resultatet visade det sig att majoriteten av informanterna kunde koppla ljudeffekterna till den ljudkälla de var konceptuellt baserade på. Det visade sig också att ljudeffektens betydelse var mer benägen att förändras beroende på om ljudet var stokastiskt eller deterministiskt. Det ansågs bland annat att en nedåtgående pitchrörelse tillförde en känsla av tyngd i några av ljudeffekterna, och att en uppåtgående rörelse löste upp eller tillförde energi beroende på vilket frekvensområde det påverkade.I en fördjupad version av studien hade både artefakten behövt omfattas och analyseras ur fler perspektiv och av fler involverade, samt innehålla deltagande ifrån en större mängd erfarna och oerfarna lyssnare över ett mer omfattande ålderspann.

  • 10239.
    Viotto, Nathalie
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Haglund, Denice
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Valet mellan K2 och K3: Hur skapar redovisare mening i valet mellan regelverken K2 och K3 med utgångspunkt i företagens intressenter?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 10240.
    Vipsjö, Lars
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Bergsten, Kevin
    Tecknad karaktär: Anatomi, fysionomi och psykologi2014 (ed. 1:a)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Tecknad karaktär – anatomi, fysionomi och psykologi skissar en historisk bakgrund till den nutida tecknade karaktären genom tre spår. Det första spåret, om anatomi i konst och vetenskap, beskriver hur normer och kroppsideal uppstått genom historien och hur de lever vidare än i dag. Spår två, om fysionomikens historia, berättar om fördomar och stereotyper. Författarna granskar i denna del den pseudo­vetenskapliga fysionomiken och dess fördomsfulla karaktärsläsande. Det tredje och sista spåret behandlar psykologi i personlighetsgestaltning och skildrar hur den emotionella människan studerats och gestaltats inom både konst och vetenskap. Vad är det som gör att tecknade karaktärer framstår som emotionella och levande individer? Och hur formges en figur för att väcka intresse och engagemang hos betraktaren? 

    Författarna förespråkar ett problematiserande förhållningssätt vid analys av ­tecknade karaktärer – såväl gamla som nya. Det övergripande syftet med boken är att etablera en grund för fortsatta studier, och att utgöra en utgångspunkt för en fortsatt diskussion. 

    Boken vänder sig främst till ­studerande inom dataspelsutveckling, bild­pedagogik, konst- och bildvetenskap och informationsdesign. 

    Tecknad karaktär – anatomi, fysionomi och psykologi omfattar också ett digitalt material som bland annat tar upp arbetet med bokens illustrationer i digital 3D-grafik. Här finner du också steg-för-stegexempel på remediering och design av karaktärer samt förslag på arbetsuppgifter och teckningsövningar. Instruk­tioner för hur du kommer åt det digitala materialet finns på omslagets insida.

  • 10241.
    Virk, Shafqat Mumtaz
    et al.
    Språkbanken, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Muhammad, Azam Sheikh
    Department of CS & Eng., Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Borin, Lars
    Språkbanken, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Aslam, Muhammad Irfan
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Iqbal, Saania
    GIFT University, Pakistan.
    Khurram, Nazia
    GIFT University, Pakistan.
    Exploiting frame semantics and frame-semantic parsing for automatic extraction of typological information from descriptive grammars of natural languages: Natural Language Processingin a Deep LearningWorld, Proceedings2019In: International Conference Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing, RANLP / [ed] Galia Angelova, Ruslan Mitkov, Ivelina Nikolova, Irina Temnikova, Shoumen: Incoma Ltd , 2019, p. 1247-1256Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We describe a novel system for automatic extraction of typological linguistic information from descriptive grammars of natural languages, applying the theory of frame semantics in the form of frame-semantic parsing. The current proof-of-concept system covers a few selected linguistic features, but the methodology is general and can be extended not only to other typological features but also to descriptive grammars written in languages other than English. Such a system is expected to be a useful assistance for automatic curation of typological databases which otherwise are built manually, a very labor and time consuming as well as cognitively taxing enterprise.

  • 10242.
    Virta, Maarit
    et al.
    University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Hiltunen, Seppo
    University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Mattsson, Markus
    University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Kallio, Sakari
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience. University of Skövde, The Systems Biology Research Centre. University of Turku, Finland.
    The impact of hypnotic suggestions on reaction times in continuous performance test in adults with ADHD and healthy controls2015In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 10, no 5, article id e0126497Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Attention is one of the key factors in both hypnotic processes and patients with ADHD. In addition, the brain areas associated with hypnosis and ADHD overlap in many respects. However, the use of hypnosis in ADHD patients has still received only minor attention in research. The main purpose of the present work was to investigate whether hypnosis and hypnotic suggestions influence the performance of adult ADHD (n = 27) and control participants (n = 31) in the continuous performance test (CPT). The hypnotic susceptibility of the participants was measured by the Harvard Group Scale of Hypnotic Susceptibility (HGSHS:A) and the attentional task was a three minute long auditory version of the CPT. The CPT task was administered four times: before hypnosis (CPT1), after a hypnotic induction (CPT2), after suggestions about speed and accuracy (CPT3), and after the termination of hypnosis (CPT4). The susceptibility of the groups measured by HGSHS:A did not differ. There was a statistically significant decrease in reaction times in both ADHD and control groups between CPT2 and CPT3. The differences between CPT1 and CPT2, even though non-significant, were different in the two groups: in the ADHD group reaction times decreased whereas in the control group they increased. Both groups made very few errors in the short CPT. This study indicates that hypnotic suggestions have an effect on reaction times in the sustained attention task both in adult ADHD patients and control subjects. The theoretical and clinical implications are discussed.

  • 10243.
    Virtanen, Marianna
    et al.
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, University of Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden / Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki and Turku, Finland.
    Ervasti, Jenni
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki and Turku, Finland.
    Head, Jenny
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom.
    Oksanen, Tuula
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki and Turku, Finland.
    Salo, Paula
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki and Turku, Finland / Department of Psychology, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.
    Pentti, Jaana
    Department of Public Health, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland.
    Kouvonen, Anne
    Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland / SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Wroclaw, Poland.
    Väänänen, Ari
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki and Turku, Finland / School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research, University of Kent, United Kingdom.
    Suominen, Sakari
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education. Department of Public Health, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland / Folkhälsan Research Center, Helsinki, Finland.
    Koskenvuo, Markku
    Clinicum, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Vahtera, Jussi
    Department of Public Health, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland.
    Elovainio, Marko
    Department of Psychology and Logopedics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland / National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland.
    Zins, Marie
    Inserm, Population-based Epidemiologic Cohorts Unit UMS 011, Villejuif, France / Paris Descartes University, Paris, France.
    Goldberg, Marcel
    Inserm, Population-based Epidemiologic Cohorts Unit UMS 011, Villejuif, France / Paris Descartes University, Paris, France.
    Kivimäki, Mika
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom / Clinicum, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Lifestyle factors and risk of sickness absence from work: a multicohort study2018In: Lancet Public Health, ISSN 2468-2667, Vol. 3, no 11, p. E545-E554Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Lifestyle factors influence the risk of morbidity and mortality, but the extent to which they are associated with employees' absence from work due to illness is unclear. We examined the relative contributions of smoking, alcohol consumption, high body-mass index, and low physical activity to diagnosis-specific sickness absence. Methods We did a multicohort study with individual-level data of participants of four cohorts from the UK, France, and Finland. Participants' responses to a lifestyle survey were linked to records of sickness absence episodes, typically lasting longer than 9 days; for each diagnostic category, the outcome was the total number of sickness absence days per year. We estimated the associations between lifestyle factors and sickness absence by calculating rate ratios for the number of sickness absence days per year and combining cohort-specific estimates with meta-analysis. The criteria for assessing the evidence included the strength of association, consistency across cohorts, robustness to adjustments and multiple testing, and impact assessment by use of population attributable fractions (PAF), with both internal lifestyle factor prevalence estimates and those obtained from European populations (PAF external). Findings For 74 296 participants, during 446 478 person-years at risk, the most common diagnoses for sickness absence were musculoskeletal diseases (70.9 days per 10 person-years), depressive disorders (26.5 days per 10 person-years), and external causes (such as injuries and poisonings; 12.8 days per 10 person-years). Being overweight (rate ratio [adjusted for age, sex, socioeconomic status, and chronic disease at baseline] 1.30, 95% CI 1.21-1.40; PAF external 8.9%) and low physical activity (1.23, 1.14-1.34; 7.8%) were associated with absences due to musculoskeletal diseases; heavy episodic drinking (1.90, 1.41-2.56; 15.2%), smoking (1.70, 1.42-2.03; 11.8%), low physical activity (1.67, 1.42-1.96; 19.8%), and obesity (1.38, 1.11-1.71; 5.6%) were associated with absences due to depressive disorders; heavy episodic drinking (1.64, 1.33-2.03; 11.3%), obesity (1.48, 1.27-1.72; 6.6%), smoking (1.35, 1.20-1.53; 6.3%), and being overweight (1.20, 1.08-1.33; 6.2%) were associated with absences due to external causes; obesity (1.82, 1.40-2.36; 11.0%) and smoking (1.60, 1.30-1.98; 10.3%) were associated with absences due to circulatory diseases; low physical activity (1.37, 1.25-1.49; 12.0%) and smoking (1.27, 1.16-1.40; 4.9%) were associated with absences due to respiratory diseases; and obesity (1.67, 1.34-2.07; 9.7%) was associated with absences due to digestive diseases. Interpretation Lifestyle factors are associated with sickness absence due to several diseases, but observational data cannot determine the nature of these associations. Future studies should investigate the cost-effectiveness of lifestyle interventions aimed at reducing sickness absence and the use of information on lifestyle for identifying groups at risk. 

  • 10244.
    Virtanen, Marianna
    et al.
    School of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland / Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Jokela, Markus
    Department of Psychology and Logopedics, University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Lallukka, Tea
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland / Department of Public Health, Clinicum, University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Magnusson Hanson, Linda
    Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Pentti, Jaana
    Department of Public Health, Clinicum, University of Helsinki, Finland / Department of Public Health, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Finland / Centre for Population Health Research, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Finland.
    Nyberg, Solja T.
    Department of Public Health, Clinicum, University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Alfredsson, Lars
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden / Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Batty, G. David
    Department of Epidemiology & Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom / School of Biological & Population Health Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, United States.
    Casini, Anna-Lisa
    IPSY, Université catholique de Louvain (UCLouvain), Louvain-la-Neuve & School of Public Health, Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Brussels, Belgium.
    Clays, Els
    Department of Public Health, Ghent University, Belgium.
    DeBacquer, Dirk
    Department of Public Health, Ghent University, Belgium.
    Ervasti, Jenni
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland / Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Fransson, Eleonor
    Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, Sweden / Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden / School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Halonen, Jaana I.
    Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, Sweden / Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland.
    Head, Jenny
    Department of Epidemiology & Public Health, University College London, United Kingdom.
    Kittel, France
    IPSY, Université catholique de Louvain (UCLouvain), Louvain-la-Neuve & School of Public Health, Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Brussels, Belgium.
    Knutsson, Anders
    Department of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Leineweber, Constance
    Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Nordin, Maria
    Department of Psychology, Umeå University, Sweden.
    Oksanen, Tuula
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland.
    Pietiläinen, Olli
    Department of Public Health, Clinicum, University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Rahkonen, Ossi
    Department of Public Health, Clinicum, University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Salo, Paula
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland / Department of Psychology, University of Turku, Finland.
    Singh-Manoux, Archana
    Department of Epidemiology & Public Health, University College London, United Kingdom / INSERM, Villejuif, U 1018, France.
    Stenholm, Sari
    Department of Public Health, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Finland / Centre for Population Health Research, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Finland.
    Suominen, Sakari B
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Theorell, Töres
    Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Vahtera, Jussi
    Department of Public Health, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Finland / Centre for Population Health Research, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Finland.
    Westerholm, Peter
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Westerlund, Hugo
    Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Kivimäki, Mika
    Department of Public Health, Clinicum, University of Helsinki, Finland / Department of Epidemiology & Public Health, University College London, United Kingdom.
    Long working hours and change in body weight: analysis of individual-participant data from 19 cohort studies2019In: International Journal of Obesity, ISSN 0307-0565, E-ISSN 1476-5497Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To examine the relation between long working hours and change in body mass index (BMI). Methods: We performed random effects meta-analyses using individual-participant data from 19 cohort studies from Europe, US and Australia (n = 122,078), with a mean of 4.4-year follow-up. Working hours were measured at baseline and categorised as part time (<35 h/week), standard weekly hours (35–40 h, reference), 41–48 h, 49–54 h and ≥55 h/week (long working hours). There were four outcomes at follow-up: (1) overweight/obesity (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2) or (2) overweight (BMI 25–29.9 kg/m2) among participants without overweight/obesity at baseline; (3) obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2) among participants with overweight at baseline, and (4) weight loss among participants with obesity at baseline. Results: Of the 61,143 participants without overweight/obesity at baseline, 20.2% had overweight/obesity at follow-up. Compared with standard weekly working hours, the age-, sex- and socioeconomic status-adjusted relative risk (RR) of overweight/obesity was 0.95 (95% CI 0.90–1.00) for part-time work, 1.07 (1.02–1.12) for 41–48 weekly working hours, 1.09 (1.03–1.16) for 49–54 h and 1.17 (1.08–1.27) for long working hours (P for trend <0.0001). The findings were similar after multivariable adjustment and in subgroup analyses. Long working hours were associated with an excess risk of shift from normal weight to overweight rather than from overweight to obesity. Long working hours were not associated with weight loss among participants with obesity. Conclusions: This analysis of large individual-participant data suggests a small excess risk of overweight among the healthy-weight people who work long hours. 

  • 10245.
    Virtanen, Marianna
    et al.
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland / Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, University of Uppsala, Sweden.
    Jokela, Markus
    Institute of Behavioral Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
    Madsen, Ida E. H.
    National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Magnusson Hanson, Linda L.
    Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lallukka, Tea
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland / Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Nyberg, Solja T.
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Alfredsson, Lars
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden / Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Stockholm County Council, Sweden.
    Batty, G David
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, United Kingdom.
    Bjorner, Jakob B.
    National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Borritz, Marianne
    Department of Occupational Medicine, Koge Hospital, Koge, Denmark.
    Burr, Hermann
    Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BAuA), Berlin, Germany.
    Dragano, Nico
    Institute for Medical Sociology, Medical Faculty, University of Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany.
    Erbel, Raimund
    Department of Cardiology, West-German Heart Center Essen, University Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany.
    Ferrie, Jane E.
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom / School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom.
    Heikkilä, Katriina
    Department of Health Services and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom.
    Knutsson, Anders
    Department of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Koskenvuo, Markku
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Lahelma, Eero
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Nielsen, Martin L.
    Unit of Social Medicine, Frederiksberg University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Oksanen, Tuula
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland.
    Pejtersen, Jan H.
    Danish National Centre for Social Research, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Pentti, Jaana
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Rahkonen, Ossi
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Rugulies, Reiner
    National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen, Denmark / Department of Public Health and Department of Psychology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Salo, Paula
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland / Department of Psychology, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.
    Schupp, Jürgen
    German Institute for Economic Research, Berlin, Germany / Free University of Berlin, Berlin, Germany.
    Shipley, Martin J.
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom.
    Siegrist, Johannes
    Institute for Medical Sociology, Medical Faculty, University of Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany.
    Singh-Manoux, Archana
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom / Centre for Research in Epidemiology and Population Health, Villejuif, France.
    Suominen, Sakari
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education. Department of Public Health, University of Turku, Turku, Finland / Folkhälsan Research Center, Helsinki, Finland.
    Theorell, Töres
    Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Vahtera, Jussi
    Department of Public Health, University of Turku, Turku, Finland / Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland.
    Wagner, Gert G.
    German Institute for Economic Research, Berlin, Germany / Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany / Berlin University of Technology, Berlin, Germany.
    Wang, Jian Li
    University of Ottawa Institute of Mental Health Research, School of Epidemiology, Public Health and Preventive Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada.
    Yiengprugsawan, Vasoontara
    Centre for Research on Ageing, Health and Wellbeing and the ARC Centre of Excellence on Population Ageing Research, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.
    Westerlund, Hugo
    Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kivimäki, Mika
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland / Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland / Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom.
    Long working hours and depressive symptoms: systematic review and meta-analysis of published studies and unpublished individual participant data2018In: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, ISSN 0355-3140, E-ISSN 1795-990X, Vol. 44, no 3, p. 239-250, article id 3712Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives This systematic review and meta-analysis combined published study-level data and unpublished individual-participant data with the aim of quantifying the relation between long working hours and the onset of depressive symptoms. Methods We searched PubMed and Embase for published prospective cohort studies and included available cohorts with unpublished individual-participant data. We used a random-effects meta-analysis to calculate summary estimates across studies. Results We identified ten published cohort studies and included unpublished individual-participant data from 18 studies. In the majority of cohorts, long working hours was defined as working ≥55 hours per week. In multivariable-adjusted meta-analyses of 189 729 participants from 35 countries [96 275 men, 93 454 women, follow-up ranging from 1-5 years, 21 747 new-onset cases), there was an overall association of 1.14 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.03-1.25] between long working hours and the onset of depressive symptoms, with significant evidence of heterogeneity (I 2=45.1%, P=0.004). A moderate association between working hours and depressive symptoms was found in Asian countries (1.50, 95% CI 1.13-2.01), a weaker association in Europe (1.11, 95% CI 1.00-1.22), and no association in North America (0.97, 95% CI 0.70-1.34) or Australia (0.95, 95% CI 0.70-1.29). Differences by other characteristics were small. Conclusions This observational evidence suggests a moderate association between long working hours and onset of depressive symptoms in Asia and a small association in Europe.

  • 10246.
    Virén, Henrik
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Dahlström, Sandro
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Communication of Environmental Issues: A Comparison Between Sustainability Reports and Social Media in the Automotive Industry2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainability is a topic that has become increasingly important for companies over the last decades. The increasing pressure from stakeholders has led to communication of sustainability to be very important for companies who wish to be seen as sustainable. The main way corporations communicate their sustainability activities are through the annual report. Whether in a standalone sustainability report or as an integrated part of the whole annual report, most of the larger companies today have some form of sustainability reporting. Over the last years, other ways of communicating sustainability activities have surfaced. The social media boom has created an excellent communication channel for companies to directly communicate with its stakeholders.  In the automotive industry environmental issues have been a focus point for many companies over the last decades. Pressure from society and stakeholders to produce more environmentally friendly vehicles have only increased over the last years. This leads us to the purpose of this study, which is to compare the communication of environmental issues in social media and in sustainability reports in the automotive industry.

    The study has been done by conducting a content analysis of the sustainability reports and posts on social media sites. Beside the content analysis, our thesis contains a quantitative part to emphasize which environmental topics the companies communicate about. The Global Reporting Initiatives environmental indicators have been used to do the quantitative part of this study. This has helped us divide the different information into various environmental topics to see what is being communicated. The timeframe for the study have been 1st of January 2015 to 31st December 2017, which means we have looked at three years of social media activity and three sustainability reports for the companies in the study. The companies involved in the study are BMW, Groupe Renault, Volvo Cars, and Volkswagen.

    The results of our study show that social media and sustainability reports to be very different types of communication channels. Social media revolves around short promotional messages, while sustainability reports aim to give a more fair and broad view of the companies’ environmental engagements. In sustainability reports we have found information to cover most of the environmental indicators, while on social media there is a focus on a smaller amount of topics. Another finding concerns target audience which differ for the studied communication channels. Social media are more directed towards the customer type of stakeholders, while the sustainability reports are more directed towards an investor type of stakeholder.

  • 10247.
    Visuttijai, Kittichate
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience. University of Skövde, The Systems Biology Research Centre. Department of Medical and Clinical Genetics, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg.
    Cellular, Molecular and Functional Characterization of the Tumor Suppressor Candidate MYO1C2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Tumor suppressor genes play a role as a growth regulator and a gatekeeper of a cell. Their inactivation is often detected in malignant tumors. Identification of novel tumor suppressor gene candidates may help to further understand tumorigenesis and aid in the discovery of a new treatment leading toward cure of cancer.

    This PhD research project aimed to understand functional significance of a novel tumor suppressor gene candidate, myosin IC (MYO1C) and to identify potential interaction(s) of the MYO1C protein with key components of the signaling pathways involving in cancer development.

    In an experimental rat model for endometrial carcinoma (EC), detailed molecular genetic analysis of a candidate tumor suppressor region located distal to the tumor protein 53 (Tp53) suggested the myosin IC gene (Myo1c) as the best potential target for deletion of the genetic material. The question arising was whether and how MYO1C could function as a tumor suppressor gene. By using qPCR, Western blot or immunohistochemistry analyses, we examined MYO1C protein level in panels of well-stratified human colorectal cancer (CRC) and EC respectively. We found that MYO1C was significantly down-regulated in these cancer materials and that for the EC panel, the observed down-regulation of MYO1C correlated with tumor stage, where tumors at more advanced stages had less expression of MYO1C. In cell transfection experiments, we found that over-expression of MYO1C significantly decreased cell proliferation, and silencing MYO1C with siRNA increased cell viability. Additionally, knockdown of MYO1C impaired the ability of cells to migrate, spread and adhere to the surface. Recent published studies suggested a potential interplay between MYO1C and the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT pathway. To examine this hypothesis, we analyzed the expression and/or activation of components of the PI3K/AKT and RAS/ERK signaling pathways in vivo in CRC samples, and in vitro in cells transfected with the MYO1C gene expression construct or MYO1C-targeted siRNA. To identify other potential pathways/ mechanisms through which MYO1C may exert its tumor suppressor activity, we additionally performed new sets of MYO1C-siRNA knockdown experiments. At different time points post transfection, we performed microarray global gene expression experiments followed by bioinformatics analysis of the data. Altogether, the results suggested an early PI3K/AKT response to altered MYO1C expression. We additionally identified several cancer-related genes/pathways with late response to MYO1C knockdown. All things considered, the identification of MYO1C-expression impact on cell proliferation, migration, and adhesion in combination with its interplay between several cancer-related genes and signaling pathways provide further evidence for the initial hypothesis of a tumor suppressor activity of MYO1C. 

  • 10248.
    Visuttijai, Kittichate
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience. University of Skövde, The Systems Biology Research Centre. Department of Medical and Clinical Genetics, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg.
    Pettersson, Jennifer
    Department of Medical and Clinical Genetics, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg.
    Mehrbani Azar, Yashar
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience.
    van den Bout, Iman
    Department of physiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, South Africa.
    Örndal, Charlotte
    Department of Pathology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg.
    Marcickiewicz, Janusz
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Halland Hospital Varberg, Varberg.
    Nilsson, Staffan
    Institute of Mathematical Statistics, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg.
    Hörnquist, Michael
    Department of Science and Technology, University of Linköping, Norrköping.
    Olsson, Björn
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience. University of Skövde, The Systems Biology Research Centre.
    Ejeskär, Katarina
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience. University of Skövde, The Systems Biology Research Centre.
    Behboudi, Afrouz
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience. University of Skövde, The Systems Biology Research Centre.
    Lowered Expression of Tumor Suppressor Candidate MYO1CStimulates Cell Proliferation, Suppresses Cell Adhesion and Activates AKT2016In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 11, no 10, article id e0164063Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Myosin-1C (MYO1C) is a tumor suppressor candidate located in a region of recurrent losses distal to TP53. Myo1c can tightly and specifically bind to PIP2, the substrate of Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), and to Rictor, suggesting a role for MYO1C in the PI3K pathway. This study was designed to examine MYO1C expression status in a panel of well-stratified endometrial carcinomas as well as to assess the biological significance of MYO1C as a tumor suppressor in vitro. We found a significant correlation between the tumor stage and lowered expression of MYO1C in endometrial carcinoma samples. In cell transfection experiments, we found a negative correlation between MYO1C expression and cell proliferation, and MYO1C silencing resulted in diminished cell migration and adhesion. Cells expressing excess of MYO1C had low basal level of phosphorylated protein kinase B (PKB, a.k.a. AKT) and cells with knocked down MYO1C expression showed a quicker phosphorylated AKT (pAKT) response in reaction to serum stimulation. Taken together the present study gives further evidence for tumor suppressor activity of MYO1C and suggests MYO1C mediates its tumor suppressor function through inhibition of PI3K pathway and its involvement in loss of contact inhibition.

  • 10249.
    Vitale, Pasquale
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    EVALUATION ANDMEASUREMENTS OF KINECTMOVEMENT DETECTION IN PHYSICAL THERAPY2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Kinect device is commonly associated to videogames, but this is not the only purpose of this device. Going into more depth, it could be a powerful tool to accomplish several goals, not only related to simple games. One such example could be Serious Games. Above all, Kinect device is a group of sensors and as such it is an attraction point in order to do experiments and measurements. This thesis tries to understand the potentiality and specifically tries to understand the precision and accuracy in the explicit area of rehabilitation. Taking advantage of the Kinect functionality, the thesis tries to enter in a young area, composed by two principal field of interest: catching and recognizing movements without the help of tool to wear, and the movements in order to do physical therapy. The result of this thesis is that the accuracy and precision of the Kinect device is sufficient for detecting therapeutic movements. Further work is however needed to be able to use Kinect for automatic discrimination of correct and incorrect physical movements.

  • 10250.
    Vithlani, Sharmila
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Modersmålsundervisning: Det gemensamma ansvaret för hela organisationen i grundskolan2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bristande kunskaper om modersmålsundervisning och dess organisering bland grundskolelärare kan ge fel uppfattningar om ämnets innehåll. Denna studie utgick ifrån olika ledningsaktörers professionella ansvar att utveckla grundskolelärarnas existerande kunskaper om hur (vi) modersmålslärare arbetar och är organiserade. Ett professionellt ansvar, som samtliga pedagogiska aktörer i grundskolan bör ha. Studien tog del av föreställningar om modersmålsundervisning som framträdde hos anställda på ledningsnivå och fördjupades vidare på vilket sätt och varför dessa föreställningar kunde vara betydelsefulla för grundskolans kvalitativa utvecklingsarbete.

    Föreställningar som framträdde hos ledningsaktörerna om grundskolelärarnas existerande kunskaper om modersmålsundervisning och dess organisering sågs i relation till olika kunskapssyn: vetenskaplig kunskap, tyst kunskap och vardagskunskap utifrån erfarenheter. Dessa tre olika kunskapssyner hade tillägnats och var en del av den praxisgemenskapen inom skolans verksamhet som synliggjordes genom aktiv deltagande i samspel med andra. Detta har gjorts från individnivå genom interaktion med andra till ett större kollektiv d.v.s. organisationsnivå. Den tysta kunskapen behöver artikuleras och ledningsaktörerna behöver skapa mötesforum för detta.

    Studien visade en lärande process där den utgick ifrån ledningsaktörernas synpunkter kring grundskolelärarnas bristande kunskaper om ämnet modersmål och dess organisering. Dessa synpunkter sattes i relation till ett utvecklingsarbete där det systematiska kvalitetsarbetet blev en levande process. Denna lärande process kan leda till ett förbättringsarbete inom grundskolans verksamhet som i sin tur kan skapa likvärdiga förutsättningar inom utbildning för elever som har ett annat modersmål än svenska. 

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