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  • 1001.
    Barka, Ezedin
    et al.
    UAE University, United Arab Emirates.
    Mathew, Sujith
    UAE University, United Arab Emirates.
    Atif, Yacine
    UAE University, United Arab Emirates.
    Securing the Web of Things With Role-Based Access Control2015In: Codes, Cryptology, and Information Security: First International Conference, C2SI 2015, Rabat, Morocco, May 26-28, 2015, Proceedings - In Honor of Thierry Berger / [ed] Said El Hajji, Abderrahmane Nitaj, Claude Carlet, El Mamoun Souidi, Springer, 2015, p. 14-26Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Real-world things are increasingly becoming fully qualified members of the Web. From, pacemakers and medical records to children’s toys and sneakers, things are connected over the Web and publish information that is available for the whole world to see. It is crucial that there is secure access to this Web of Things (WoT) and to the related information published by things on the Web. In this paper, we introduce an architecture that encompasses Web-enabled things in a secure and scalable manner. Our architecture utilizes the features of the well-known role-based access control (RBAC) to specify the access control policies to the WoT, and we use cryptographic keys to enforce such policies. This approach enables prescribers to WoT services to control who can access what things and how access can continue or should terminate, thereby enabling privacy and security of large amount of data that these things are poised to flood the future Web with.

  • 1002.
    Barker, Dean
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nielsen, Jacob
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Wahlström, Martin
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Carlén, Urban
    University of West, Sweden.
    Maivorsdotter, Ninitha
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Jacob and Martin: Developing digital technology competence in physical education teacher education2017In: Digital technologies and learning in physical education: Pedagogical cases / [ed] Ashley Casey, Victoria A. Goodyear, Kathleen M. Armour, London: Routledge, 2017, p. 231-246Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1003.
    Barkestedt, Filip
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Jämförelse av WebGL-teknologier vid rendering av heatmaps utifrån marin miljödata: Jämförelse mellan Three.js och X3DOM2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En stor kvantitet av miljödata samlas hela tiden in och för att dra nytta av all data behöver den förstås av de användarna som kan applicera kunskapen inom deras område. Visualiseringar tillåter användare att förstå datan och det är därför en viktig del av hur en användare kan ta del av den datan som samlas in. I detta arbete evalueras de WebGLbaserade teknologierna Three.js och X3DOM om vilken som är mest lämplig för att visualisera geospatial data på webben utifrån hur effektiva de är vid rendering av heatmaps. Två applikationer utvecklas, en baserat på Three.js och en på X3DOM. Mätningar utförs på varje applikation för att jämföra renderingstiden mellan teknologierna och en kvalitativ studie används för att evaluera deras användbarhet. Resultatet blev att Three.js är mer lämpligt för att visualisera geospatial data på webben.

  • 1004.
    Barlas, Sofia
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science.
    Buerba, Adriana
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science.
    Analyze, consolidate and improve the product development process at Parker Hannifin QCDE through implementation of DFMA principles2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Parker Hannifin QCDE aim to eliminate as much wasted time, materials and resources as achievable by implementing Design for Manufacturing and Assembly principles into a modified version of their Product Development Process. The modified Product Development Process was developed within this project with the objective of aiding the company to remain competitive within their field, as well as continue to efficiently develop and produce high quality products.

     

    A literature study was performed to gain a greater understanding of the multiple Design for Excellence methods and their possibilities to enhance the Product Development Process at Parker Hannifin QCDE. The literature study included various sources such as academic books and scientific articles.

     

    An empirical study was conducted and the use of the current Internal Product Development Process was evaluated in conjunction with a detailed evaluation of the designated coupling. An additional aspect that was explored includes an evaluation of the extent of Design for Manufacturing and Assembly that is implemented into the current Internal Product Development Process.

     

    The Generation chapter of this thesis outlines the sequence and process implemented for generating the modified Internal Product Development Process and implementing Design for Manufacturing and Assembly. The results of this thesis project included implementing Design for Manufacturing and Assembly in the form of checklists. The multiple Design for Excellence checklists were inspired in part by the information obtained from the literature study and the authors interpretation. The finished concept has been provided to Parker Hannifin QCDE in the form of a pamphlet including instructions of how to implement the checklists into the modified Internal Product development process.

     

    The discussion chapter within this report consists of a conclusion and deliberation regarding the methodology used within this thesis. The results obtained from this thesis have been dissected and evaluated along with implications and potential weaknesses in the work.

  • 1005.
    Barrera Diaz, Carlos Alberto
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. Volvo Cars Corporation Skövde.
    Discrete event simulation data management2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Simulation is one of the most important decision support tools that has been present during decades in the manufacturing industry. Discrete Event Simulation (DES) experiments analysis is an important engineering activity for efficient production. In order to improve this efficiency, many companies must develop a supporting framework, between engineers and the process information. Within DES it is also important the model provenance information because it validates the credibility of the model to be reused. Therefore, nowadays there is a great interest in the simulation community based on the reusability of the simulation models. The engineers at Volvo Cars Corporation (VCC) who work with DES technology, request and deliver a high number of Key Performance Indicators (KPIs). As a consequence it is difficult to present the simulation results in a standardized way. This thesis has investigated a way to reduce and standardize this time consuming process. Thus, by the study of what information and data must be documented and how it must be presented, the main goal of this thesis was to improve the efficiency of a company, when a DES project is being developed. A survey based on VCC simulation projects, was undertaken with the aim to find the output data and the information that must be included in a standardized report. First, the information of the projects was categorized in three main groups: general information, input data and output data. Within these groups, the provenance metadata which allows the reuse of the DES project, was identified. Then, after the analysis of 23 reports from DES projects, most frequent scenarios and their related output data were identified. All the findings were used for the implementation of a standardized and automated data-handling system which simplify the project documentation task to the engineers. This data-handling system exports the key output data from the simulation software to the report designed. Validation interviews show a strong acceptance among the engineers at VCC. Finally, in order to properly keep in track with all the provenance information when a DES project is being performed, a management method was proposed as well.

  • 1006.
    Barrera Diaz, Carlos Alberto
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Oscarsson, Jan
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Lidberg, Simon
    Volvo Car Corporation, Skövde, Sweden.
    Sellgren, Tommy
    Volvo Car Corporation, Skövde, Sweden.
    A Study of Discrete Event Simulation Project Data and Provenance Information Management in an Automotive Manufacturing Plant2017In: Proceedings of the 2017 Winter Simulation Conference / [ed] W. K. V. Chan, A. D’Ambrogio, G. Zacharewicz, N. Mustafee, G. Wainer, E. Page, IEEE, 2017, , p. 12p. 4012-4023Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Discrete Event Simulation (DES) project data management is a complex and important engineering activity which impacts on an organization’s efficiency. This efficiency could be decreased by the lack of provenance information or the unreliability of existing information regarding previous simulation projects, all of which complicates the reusability of the existing data. This study presents an analysis of the management of simulation projects and their provenance data, according to the different types of scenarios usually found at a manufacturing plant. A survey based on simulation projects at an automotive manufacturing plant was conducted, in order to categorize the information regarding the studied projects, map the available provenance data and standardize its management. This study also introduces an approach that demonstrates how a structured framework based on the specific data involved in the different types of scenarios could allow an improvement of the management of DES projects.

  • 1007.
    Barrera Diaz, Carlos Alberto
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Oscarsson, Jan
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Lidberg, Simon
    Manufacturing Engineering, Research and Simulation, Volvo Car Corporation, Skövde, Sweden.
    Sellgren, Tommy
    Manufacturing Engineering, Research and Simulation, Volvo Car Corporation, Skövde, Sweden.
    Discrete Event Simulation Output Data-Handling System in an Automotive Manufacturing Plant2018In: Procedia Manufacturing, E-ISSN 2351-9789, Vol. 25, p. 8p. 23-30Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Discrete Event Simulation is a comprehensive tool for the analysis and design of manufacturing systems. Over the years, considerable efforts to improve simulation processes have been made. One step in these efforts is the standardisation of the output data through the development of an appropriate system which presents the results in a standardised way. This paper presents the results of a survey based on simulation projects undertaken in the automotive industry. In addition, it presents the implementation of an automated output data-handling system which aims to simplify the project’s documentation task for the simulation engineers and make the results more accessible for other stakeholders.

  • 1008.
    Barrsten, Petra
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Malmborg, Johanna
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Palliativ vård i hemmet: Närståendes erfarenheter - En litteraturbaserad studie2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Palliativ vård bygger på ett förhållningsätt som innebär att öka livskvalitén för både patienten och dess närstående. Palliativ vård handlar om god symtom kontroll och lindring. Den palliativa vården i hemmet lägger stort ansvar på de närstående, inte bara när det kommer till kontrollera symtomen men att organisera vården för patienten 24 timmar/dygnet. Sjuksköterskan måste se patienten och närståendes livssituation för att ge bra stöd i hemmet. Syfte: Syftet med denna studie var att belysa närståendes erfarenheter av att vårda den sjuke palliativt i hemmet. Metod: Som metod valdes en litteraturbaserad studie. Datamaterialet bestod av nio kvalitativa vetenskapliga artiklar. Resultat: Tre kategorier identifierades såsom: Ny roll, behov av hjälp från kunniga och behålla det egna livet med sex underkategorier. Närståendes erfarenheter, att ha ett stort ansvar är svårt och krävande men även meningsfullt. Brist på stöd från sjukvården påverkar närståendes förmåga att vårda den sjuke. Slutsats: När närstående vårdar den sjuke i hemmet är tiden både tung och meningsfull. Det beror på vilket stöd och information de får från sjuksköterskorna samt om de själva får möjligheten att distansera sig till vårdandet för att behålla det egna livet.

  • 1009.
    Barstorp, Marcus
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Optimering av ARM-maskinkod med predikatbaserad exekvering: En undersökning av predikatbaserad exekvering i ARM-arkitekturen2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetet har undersökt hur predikatbaserad exekvering, i form av ARM-arkitekturens stöd för villkorlig exekvering, fungerar som optimering av specifika implementationer av if- och if-else-satser i ARM-maskinkod. Som en del av arbetet implementerades en för ändamålet konstruerad optimeringsalgoritm som optimerar if- och if-else-satser med hjälp av predikatbaserad exekvering, vilken användes för att kunna utföra de mätningar som ligger till grund för resultatet. Fokus låg på den skillnad i kodstorlek och/eller tidseffektivitet som optimeringen gav upphov till. Resultatet tyder på att predikatbaserad exekvering använd som optimering kan leda till vissa vinster i kodstorlek (direkt beroende på antalet if-/if-else-satser) och lite större vinster i tidseffektivitet (beroende på hur stora if-/if-else-satserna är, samt hur ofta de exekveras).

  • 1010.
    Bartlett, Madeleine
    et al.
    Centre for Robotics and Neural Systems (CRNS), University of Plymouth, Plymouth, United Kingdom.
    Edmunds, Charlotte E.R.
    Warwick Business School, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom.
    Belpaeme, Tony
    Centre for Robotics and Neural Systems (CRNS), University of Plymouth, Plymouth, United Kingdom / ID Lab—imec, University of Ghent, Belgium.
    Thill, Serge
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre. Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition, and Behavior, Radboud University, Nijmegen, Netherlands.
    Lemaignan, Séverin
    Bristol Robotics Lab, University of the West of England, Bristol, United Kingdom.
    What Can You See?: Identifying Cues on Internal States From the Movements of Natural Social Interactions2019In: Frontiers in Robotics and AI, E-ISSN 2296-9144, Vol. 6, no 49Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, the field of Human-Robot Interaction (HRI) has seen an increasingdemand for technologies that can recognize and adapt to human behaviors and internalstates (e.g., emotions and intentions). Psychological research suggests that humanmovements are important for inferring internal states. There is, however, a need to betterunderstand what kind of information can be extracted from movement data, particularlyin unconstrained, natural interactions. The present study examines which internal statesand social constructs humans identify from movement in naturalistic social interactions.Participants either viewed clips of the full scene or processed versions of it displaying2D positional data. Then, they were asked to fill out questionnaires assessing their socialperception of the viewed material. We analyzed whether the full scene clips were moreinformative than the 2D positional data clips. First, we calculated the inter-rater agreementbetween participants in both conditions. Then, we employed machine learning classifiersto predict the internal states of the individuals in the videos based on the ratingsobtained. Although we found a higher inter-rater agreement for full scenes comparedto positional data, the level of agreement in the latter case was still above chance,thus demonstrating that the internal states and social constructs under study wereidentifiable in both conditions. A factor analysis run on participants’ responses showedthat participants identified the constructs interaction imbalance, interaction valence andengagement regardless of video condition. The machine learning classifiers achieveda similar performance in both conditions, again supporting the idea that movementalone carries relevant information. Overall, our results suggest it is reasonable to expecta machine learning algorithm, and consequently a robot, to successfully decode andclassify a range of internal states and social constructs using low-dimensional data (suchas the movements and poses of observed individuals) as input.

  • 1011.
    Bartziokas, Andreas
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Skapandet av B.O.B. - Balls Over Brains: om konsten att väcka intresse hos spelaren för att fortsätta spela2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta arbete är skapat av Andreas Bartziokas, som examensarbete för VT 2009. I denna uppsats beskrivs hur spelet B.O.B. har skapats. Vilken litteratur som varit användbar för skapandet av spelet, samt en övergripande beskrivning av själva spelet.

  • 1012.
    Basic, Anesa
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Johnsson, Sofia
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    BVC-SJUKSKÖTERSKORS ERFARENHETER AV ATT GE STÖD TILL NYBLIVNA FÖRÄLDRAR FÖR ATT FRÄMJA AMNINGEN2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1013.
    Batangouna, Steve Jehu
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Användning av information i ett mellanlager inom fordonsindustri.: En fallstudie av Vici Industri AB i Skövde.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To make visible information at all stages of the process from beginning to end at the company allows the discovery of errors at the early stage of process, and at the same time allows the fact that information been addressed in a timely and efficient manner. It is therefore Pearlson & Saunders (2010) argue that information systems are based on three fundamental pillars: technology, people and process. Without the interaction of these pillars, it is difficult or impossible to succeed in implementing any form of database. The flow of materials and information must go hand in hand with each other to improve production efficiency. It is, therefore, Mattsson (2010) argues that an efficient material flow utilizing resources efficiently create condition of satisfying customer’s demand in good ways. To achieve this goal, it requires for the company to create conditions to report errors in the early stages of the process as soon as possible. This avoids unnecessary work that customers are not prepared to pay for. That's why Alter (2006) points out that the conditions for an increase in efficiency in business can only be reached if there is a clear link between information, technology, users and information management activities. Today IT, Information technology is one of effective tools which enable implementation of the common database within the same organization. The database aims to coordinate and streamline the flow of both materials and information at the company. The common database creates the potential for a complete, time-date and accurate information shared within the company among various departments. These in turn create conditions for the efficient production that leads to profitability.

  • 1014.
    Batofi, Sardar
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Grafiska Designens verkan på högskolestudenter gällande tilliten till nyhets webbplatser: Denna rapport handlar om hur den grafiska designen på en nyhets webbplats påverkar Högskolestudenters tillit till webbplatsen, och hur det påverkar trovärdigheten på artiklar som återfinns på webbplatsen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This review is about how the graphic design on a news site influences college students' trust towards the site and how it affects the credibility to the articles from the student's perspective. The review was conducted on the basis of a triangular research method. A quantitative and a qualitative method was used, the collection techniques used during the review were a survey and interviews. The purpose of the survey was to understand what factors affect users' trust in a news site and article credibility. The motivation for this review is that truthless news are spread across social media and that many people do not realize that the news is truthless and choose to share it with their circle on social media. This is something that needs to be processed and fixed. 

  • 1015.
    Baxter, John
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience.
    Evaluation of Oxford nanopore’s MinION: Use, functionality, and genome assembly2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The rapid and reliable detection of pathogens is of utmost importance in healthcare settings to ensure the appropriate treatment thereby reducing morbidity and mortality for the patient. Current culturing, PCR based and NGS species detection methods are time consuming (Opota et al., 2015), limited in their detection (Buckley et al., 2015), or require specialist skills and are expensive (Basho and Eterovic., 2015). Oxford Technologies Nanopore devices could provide detailed genomic sequencing at a fraction of the cost and without the need for technical bioinformatic skills. This study evaluates the MinION device and analysis tools to suggest best practice. Classification and genotyping of 12 Klebsiella isolates were performed using EPI2ME automated workflows and manual de novo assembly.  Automated workflows using raw MinION reads provided clinically relevant information identified in ~6hrs. Manual de novo assembly and analysis used hybrid, and single source data took >24hrs. The inclusion of MinION long reads overcome problems assembling short reads. Hybrid genomes provided the most contiguous and highly detailed contigs. MinION only read assemblies contained more errors but still identified similar genotypic findings. Automated workflows are rapid and require minimal bioinformatic know-how. There should be a dialogue between clinicians and bioinformaticians to develop bespoke analysis tools.  Although challenges remain around compatible kits and vulnerable flowcells long read sequencing can be an effective tool for species detection and pathogen typing. Furthermore, hybrid assemblies have the potential to advance our genome detailing and discovery.

  • 1016.
    Bays, Harold E.
    et al.
    Louisville Metabolic and Atherosclerosis Research Center Inc., Louisville, KY, USA.
    Sartipy, Peter
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience. University of Skövde, The Systems Biology Research Centre. Global Medicines Development, CVMD, AstraZeneca, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Xu, John
    Biometrics and Information Sciences, AstraZeneca, Gaithersburg, MD, USA.
    Sjöström, Carl David
    Global Medicines Development, CVMD, AstraZeneca, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Underberg, James A.
    Department of Medicine, NYU School of Medicine & NYU Center for Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, New York, NY, USA.
    Dapagliflozin in patients with type II diabetes mellitus, with and without elevated triglyceride and reduced high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels2017In: Journal of Clinical Lipidology, ISSN 1933-2874, E-ISSN 1876-4789, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 450-458Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Dapagliflozin is a selective sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor that improves glycemic control in patients with type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) by reducing renal glucose reabsorption.

    OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the lipid effects of dapagliflozin 10 mg or placebo in patients with T2DM with/without baseline elevated triglyceride and reduced high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels.

    METHODS: This was a post hoc analysis of 10 phase 3, placebo-controlled studies of dapagliflozin 10 mg (N = 2237) or placebo (N = 2164) administered for 24 weeks in patients with T2DM. Patients with elevated triglyceride (>= 150 mg/dL [1.69 mmol/L]) and reduced HDL cholesterol levels (<40 mg/dL [1.04 mmol/L] in men; <50 mg/dL [1.29 mmol/L] in women) were included (group A). The reference group (group B) included patients who did not meet the defined lipid criteria.

    RESULTS: The effects of dapagliflozin on fasting lipid profiles were generally similar in the 2 lipid groups (ie, groups A and B) and, compared with placebo, were associated with minor increases in non-HDL cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein, and HDL cholesterol levels. The effects on triglyceride levels were inconsistent. The incidence of adverse events (AEs)/serious AEs, and AEs of genital infection, urinary tract infection, volume reduction, renal function, and hypoglycemia were similar in the 2 lipid groups.

    CONCLUSION: Patients with T2DM treated with dapagliflozin experienced minor changes in lipid levels; the changes were generally similar in the 2 lipid groups. The clinical significance of these changes in lipids is unclear, especially in view of the positive effects of dapagliflozin on other cardiovascular disease risk factors. 

  • 1017.
    Bazargan-Hejazi, Shahrzad
    et al.
    University of California, Los Angeles.
    Medeiros, Sarah
    University of California, Los Angeles.
    Mohammadi, Reza
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Lin, Johnny
    University of Los Angeles.
    Dalal, Koustuv
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Patterns of Intimate Partner Violence: a study of female victims in Malawi2012In: Journal of Injury and Violence Research, ISSN 2008-2053, E-ISSN 2008-4072, Vol. 5, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The term “intimate partner violence” (IPV) encompasses physical, sexual and psychological violence, or any combination of these acts, and globally is the most common type of violence against women. This study aims to examine the lifetime prevalence of different types of intimate partner violence (IPV) among Malawi women ages 15 to 49, and its association with age, education, and living in rural versus urban areas. METHODS: Data was obtained from a cross-sectional study of data as part of the 2004 Malawi Demographic and Health Survey.  Women were eligible for the study if they met the following criteria: 1) lived in one of the 15,041 households randomly selected from 522 rural and urban clusters located in 10 large districts of Malawi; 2) were married or cohabitating; and 3) were between the ages of 15 and 49 years.  Consenting, eligible women responded to a comprehensive questionnaire covering demographic factors, health issues, as well as items related to physical, emotional and sexual IPV.  To assess bivariate associations, chi-squared tests and multivariate logistic regressions were conducted. RESULTS: Among the 8291 respondents, 13% reported emotional violence; 20% reported being pushed, shaken, slapped or punched; 3% reported experiencing severe violence, such as being strangled or burned, threatened with a knife, gun or with another weapon; and 13% reported sexual violence.  Data showed women ages 15 to 19 were significantly less likely to report emotional IPV, women ages 25 to 29 were significantly more likely to report being pushed or shaken, slapped or punched (OR 1.35; CI: 1.05-1.73), and women ages 30 to 34 were significantly more likely to report sexual IPV, compared to women ages 45 to 49 (OR 1.40; CI: 1.03-1.90).  Finally, women who had no ability to read were less likely to report sexual IPV than their counterparts who could read a full sentence (OR 0.76; CI: 0.66-0.87). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of different types of IPV in Malawi appears slightly lower than that reported for other countries in sub-Saharan Africa.  Further studies are needed to assess the attitudes and behaviors of Malawi women towards acceptability and justification of IPV as well as their willingness to disclose it.

  • 1018.
    Becker, Fiona
    et al.
    Novozymes A/S, Bagsværd, Denmark.
    Schnorr, Kirk
    Novozymes A/S, Bagsværd, Denmark.
    Wilting, Reinhard
    Novozymes A/S, Bagsværd, Denmark.
    Tolstrup, Niels
    Exiqon, Vedbaek, Denmark.
    Bendtsen, Jannick Dyrløv
    Center for Biological Sequence Analysis, The Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby.
    Olsen, Peter Bjarke
    Novozymes A/S, Bagsværd, Denmark.
    Development of in vitro transposon assisted signal sequence trapping and its use in screening Bacillus halodurans C125 and Sulfolobus solfataricus P2 gene libraries2004In: Journal of Microbiological Methods, ISSN 0167-7012, E-ISSN 1872-8359, Vol. 57, no 1, p. 123-133Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1019.
    Beckung, Camilla
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Född i frihet – Dömd till frihet?: – En kvalitativ studie om unga vuxnas förhållningssätt till valfrihet och väljande.2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna kvalitativa studie är att undersöka en grupp unga vuxnamänniskors förhållningssätt till dagens ökade valfrihet och väljande. Det empiriska materialet består av intervjuer med ungdomar i åldern 20-24 år och har analyserats mot bakgrund av resonemang om individualisering, valfrihet och väljande förda av A.Giddens, Z.Bauman, U.Beck och B.Schwartz. Gällandehantering av valmöjligheter utgår arbetet ifrån teorier om kognitiva dissonans, ontologisk trygghet samt lokus av kontroll. Även tidigare forskning om ungdomars förhållningssätt till valmöjligheter behandlas. Studiens huvudresultat visar att ungdomarna bl.a. upplever utbudet av alternativa vägar att välja bland gällande exempelvis studieprogram, yrke, bostadsort eller resmål som meningsfullt och identitetsskapande. Vidare anses att informationssökande gällande olika alternativ tar mycket tid och kraft i anspråk, vilket kan vara påfrestande. Utbudet av varor och tjänster gör att det uppstår en känsla av press då man förväntas vara aktiv och finna det ”bästa alternativet”. Ungdomarna upplever att deras psykiska välmående påverkas av valalternativ först när de blir alltför många till antalet. Stress upplevs då på grund av önskan om att göra det bästa valet.

  • 1020.
    Bedi, Abhishek
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience.
    Impact of the new class of clinically relevant drugs: Imipridones on the migration of mantle cell Lymphoma cells2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL)is a subtype of B-cell lymphoma characterized by chromosomal translocation t(11;14)(q13;q32), enhancing the expression of cyclin D1, resulting in alteration in cell cycle progression. The translocation is the key event for initiation of mantle cell lymphoma however is not sufficient for the development of the disease. Changes in the expression of the G-protein coupled receptors in different cancer types due to mutations and other regulating mechanisms can lead to changes in expression of proteins, resulting in defects in signalling pathways,favouring tumor dissemination. Growing evidences suggests that the disease progression in various B cell malignancies is due to the interactions between neoplastic B cells and stromal cells in tissue microenvironment. ONC201 is an imipridone, which is an antagonist to a type of G-protein coupled receptor: dopamine receptor D2. ONC201 has the property for inhibiting proliferation and inducing apoptosis. The objective of the project was to investigate the migration of MCL cells towards fetal bovine serum and by this, study the impact of ONC201 on the migration of mantle cell lymphoma cells using chemotaxis assay. Theapoptotic effect of the drug was examined by detection of activecaspase-3 and cleaved PARP proteins using western blotting. The chemotaxis assay and western blot demonstrated that ONC201 inhibited migration of the mantle cell lymphoma cell lines at the concentration-dependent manner without inducing apoptosis in the cells at the investigated time point. The expression of cyclin D1 in the cells treated with ONC201 was also investigated after incubation period of 24 hours and it was observed that ONC201 plays a role in reducing cyclin D1 expression in mantle cell lymphoma cells.

  • 1021.
    Beetz, Andrea
    et al.
    Univ Rostock, Dept Special Educ, D-18055 Rostock, Germany .
    Kotrschalt, Kurt
    Univ Vienna, Dept Behav Biol, A-1010 Vienna, Austria .
    Turner, Dennis C.
    Univ Zurich Irchel, IEMT Switzerland & Anim Behav, Zurich, Switzerland .
    Hediger, Karin
    Univ Rostock, Dept Special Educ, D-18055 Rostock, Germany .
    Uvnäs-Moberg, Kerstin
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Julius, Henri
    Univ Rostock, Dept Special Educ, D-18055 Rostock, Germany .
    The Effect of a Real Dog, Toy Dog and Friendly Person on Insecurely Attached Children During a Stressful Task: An Exploratory Study2011In: Anthrozoos, ISSN 0892-7936, E-ISSN 1753-0377, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 349-368Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The regulation of stress by an attachment figure is a key feature of attachment relationships. Previous research suggests that in some cases animal companionship may be regarded as an attachment relationship. This may be particularly important for persons with an insecure or disorganized attachment pattern who may find it more difficult than securely attached individuals to accept social support from humans. In our study, we investigated whether 31 boys (aged 7-12 years) with insecure/disorganized attachment would profit more from the presence of a dog (n = 11) than of a friendly human (n = 11) or a toy dog (n = 9) as support during a socially stressful situation (Trier Social Stress Test for Children, TSST-C). Stress levels were assessed via salivary cortisol recorded five times before, during, and after the TSST-C. The behavior of the children was coded from video recordings. Self-reported stress levels did not significantly differ between the groups before and after the TSST-C. Salivary cortisol, however, was significantly lower in the real dog condition than in the other two conditions (Kruskal-Wallis H test on area under the curve increase (AUCi): chi(2) = 15.17, df = 2, p = 0.001). Also, the more the children stroked the dog, the less pronounced was their stress reaction (r(s) = -0.818, p = 0.002). Our data suggest an important role of physical contact in the stress reducing effect. We conclude that the children investigated profited more from interacting with a friendly dog than with either a human or a toy dog in a stressful situation. We discuss the relevance of our findings for animal-assisted interventions.

  • 1022.
    Behboudi, A.
    et al.
    Univ Gothenburg, Inst Biomed, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nordlander, C.
    Univ Gothenburg, Inst Cell & Mol Biol, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Klinga-Levan, Karin
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Karlsson, S.
    Evidence for a tumor suppressor locus distal to Tp53 - a study in experimental endometrial adenocarcinoma2007In: European Journal of Cancer Supplements, ISSN 1359-6349, E-ISSN 1878-1217, Vol. 5, no 4, p. 62-62Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 1023.
    Beheshtinia, Mohammad Ali
    et al.
    Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Semnan, Iran.
    Ahmadi, Bahar
    Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Semnan, Iran.
    Fathi, Masood
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    A Genetic Algorithm with Multiple Populations to Reduce Fuel Consumption in Supply Chain2019In: International Journal of Transportation Engineering, ISSN 2322-259XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Reducing fuel consumption by transportation fleet in a supply chain, reduces transportation costs and consequently, the product final cost. Moreover, it reduces environmental pollution, and in some cases, it helps governments constitute less subsidies for fuels. In this paper, a supply chain scheduling is studied, with the two objective functions of minimizing the total fuel consumption, and the total order delivery time. After presenting the mathematical model of the problem, a genetic algorithm, named Social Genetic Algorithm (SGA) is proposed to solve it. The proposed algorithm helps decision makers determine the allocation of orders to the suppliers and vehicles and production and transportation scheduling to minimize total order delivery time and fuel consumption. In order for SGA performance evaluation, its results are compared with another genetic algorithm in the literature and optimal solution. Finally, a sensitivity analysis is performed on SGA. The results of comparisons also show the high performance of SGA. Moreover, by increasing the number of suppliers and vehicles and decreasing the number of orders, the value of the objective function is reduced.

  • 1024.
    Behm, Josefin
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Realistisk- eller stiliserad grafisk stil i skräckspel: En jämförelse av två grafiska stilar applicerade på spelgenren survival horror2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta arbete, som utgår ifrån observationen att många spel inom survival horror-genren använder sig av en realistisk grafisk stil på sina texturer, undersöker om det är möjligt att förmedla samma läskiga känsla genom användandet av en stiliserad, eller tecknad, grafisk stil. Tre 3D-modeller föreställande monster, modellerade med inspiration från survival horror-spel, texturerades på ett sätt som motsvarade en realistisk grafisk stil, samt ett som motsvarade en stiliserad grafisk stil. Dessa låg sedan som grund för en enkätundersökning där respondenterna fick välja vilken version av monstren som var läskigast.

  • 1025.
    Behnsen, Pia
    et al.
    Department of Clinical, Neuro- and Developmental Psychology, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Buil, Joanne M.
    Department of Clinical, Neuro- and Developmental Psychology, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Koot, Susanne
    Department of Clinical, Neuro- and Developmental Psychology, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Huizink, Anja
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education. Department of Clinical, Neuro- and Developmental Psychology, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Van Lier, Poul
    Department of Clinical, Neuro- and Developmental Psychology, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Heart rate (variability) and the association between relational peer victimization and internalizing symptoms in elementary school children2019In: Development and psychopathology (Print), ISSN 0954-5794, E-ISSN 1469-2198, p. 1-9, article id 29 aprilArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Relational victimization typically emerges first during the elementary school period, and has been associated with increased levels of internalizing symptoms in children. Individual differences in autonomic nervous system functioning have been suggested as a potential factor linking social stressors and internalizing symptoms. The aim of this study was therefore to examine whether heart rate and heart rate variability mediated the association between relational victimization and internalizing symptoms in 373 mainstream elementary school children. Children were assessed in 2015 (T 0 ; Grades 3-5, M age = 9.78 years, 51% boys) and reassessed in 2016 (T 1 ). Heart rate and heart rate variability were assessed during a regular school day at T 1 . A multi-informant (teacher and peer report) cross-time measure of relational victimization, and a multi-informant (self- and teacher report) measure of internalizing problems at T 1 was used. Results showed that heart rate variability, but not heart rate, mediated the association between relational victimization and internalizing symptoms. This study provides tentative support that in children from a general population sample, a psychobiological factor may mediate the association of relational victimization with internalizing symptoms.

  • 1026.
    Beijer, Anton
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Lindholm, Magnus
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Beräkning av pumpkapacitet samt konstruktion av pumpfundament2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A development project to solve problems with why submersible pumps in a run-off system broke down with periods of two years, on average, was performed in collaboration with Cementa AB in Skövde. Reason for the pumps breakdowns was searched and found to be inadequate procedures and missing knowledge of the maintenance required on the pumps. To solve this problem, guidelines for the purchase of new dry pit pumps were developed to allow for continuous maintenance. As the possibilities of placing a dry well pump did not exist at Cementa, a pump foundation was developed.

    Requirements for the development work were produced in cooperation with Cementas maintenance department and theoretical dimensioning of the submersible bilge pumps volume flow capacity was performed. Requirements were evaluated and weighted using Pairwise comparison. The design and control of the strength of the developed pump foundation was performed using finite element analysis in the software Pro/Engineer Creo 1.0 Mechanica. Controls of the strength of the attachment of the pump foundation and welds were performed analytically.

    The work resulted in a recommendation to Cementa AB in Skövde to bring in quotes on the new dry-pit pumps using the developed guidelines and to manufacture the pump foundation developed within the framework of the thesis. Cementa was also recommended to carefully follow the maintenance instructions for pumps and make it easier for staff to perform this maintenance. This was recommended to ensure that new pumps would have a longer and more economical lifetime.

  • 1027.
    Beiron, Sofia
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Fredriksson, David
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    "Det är någonting med limhallen": utvecklingen mot ett gott medarbetarskap i en god arbetsmiljö2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Modern organisationsforskning ser medarbetarskapet som en viktig del av ledarskapet och därför har vi valt att fokusera på medarbetarens roll i organisationen i vårt examensarbete. Vi genomförde en fallstudie på ett företag där ledningen hade behov av att få en djupare förståelse av en arbetsgrupps psykosociala och fysiska arbetsförhållanden. Då studiens syfte är att ingående beskriva medarbetarskapet på en fysiskt krävande arbetsplats, kommer studien att bli ett stöd i företagets planering av arbetsmiljön i en ny modernare fabrik.

    Vi samlade in empiriskt material genom deltagande observationer och öppna intervjuer och analyserade det utifrån Tengblads (2003) och Hällsténs & Tengblads (2006) teoretiska modeller om medarbetarskap. Då ett myndigt medarbetarskap innebär att individen ska vara ansvarstagande, utvärderar vi genom medarbetarskapets fem former (Tengblad, 2003) hur stort ansvar som läggs på medarbetaren och vilken grad av tillit som organisationen visar denne. Vi beskriver även medarbetarskapet genom modellen om medarbetarskapets fyra hörnstenar (Hällstén och Tengblad, 2006), utifrån begreppen Förtroende och Öppenhet, Gemenskap och Samhörighet, Engagemang och Meningsfullhet samt Ansvarstagande och Initiativförmåga. I analysen av medarbetarskapet har vi även tagit hänsyn till teorier och lagar som rör arbetsmiljön, eftersom dessa liksom medarbetarskapets etik framhåller vikten av en medarbetares välmående och värdiga arbetsförhållanden.

    Analysen av insamlade data visade att medarbetarskapet i den studerade avdelningen i många avseenden behöver utvecklas, men att arbetsgruppen upplever ett gott medarbetarskap på grund av en stark gemenskap. Gemenskapen gör att medarbetarna väljer att stanna kvar i avdelningen trots det slitsamma arbetet, vilket gör att de betalar för det upplevda goda medarbetarskapet med sin egen fysiska hälsa. Företaget har försökt att gå ifrån ett traditionellt medarbetarskap till ett grupporienterat, men för att lyckas med förändringen måste medarbetarna bli mer medvetna om vad rollen som en självstyrande grupp innebär och utveckla sin förmåga att styra upp sitt arbete på ett sätt som främjar en god fysisk och psykisk hälsa över tid.

  • 1028.
    Beischer, Martin
    University of Skövde, Department of Computer Science.
    Kvalitet Konceptuella Modeller: ett ramverk1999Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här examensarbetet handlar om konceptuella modeller. En modell är en abstraktion av en vald del av verkligheten i vilken det är möjligt att fokusera på och lyfta fram det som anses viktigt och bortse från det som inte är viktigt. En konceptuell modell är en sådan abstraktion av ett informationssystem.

    De konceptuella modellerna är de modeller som ska ligga till grund för design och implementation av informationssystemet, men de ska också ligga till grund för diskussion med övriga intressenter till det kommande informationssystemet. Detta ställer stora krav på de konceptuella modellerna eftersom de både måste vara avancerade nog för att ligga till grund för designen och implementationen och enkla nog för att kunna ligga till grund för diskussion med intressenterna. Att denna tvådelade inriktning krävs beror oftast på att de flesta intressenter inte har lika stor kunskap inom detta område som de experter som har tagit fram och dessutom arbetar med de konceptuella modellerna.

  • 1029.
    Bejdén, Malin
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Digital loggbok under apl: ett verktyg för elevens lärande?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1030.
    Bellinder, Tobias
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Scrabble-AI: En Scrabble-AI med inriktning på ”Fun-AI”2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Scrabble är ett populärt korsordsliknande brädspel som funnits på svenska sedan 1950-talet. Datorprogram som spelar Scrabble har funnits sedan och 1980-talet. De flesta har haft som fokus att spela så optimalt som möjligt och utmana de bästa mänskliga spelarna. Det här arbetet undersöker hur man kan skapa en ”Fun-AI” för Scrabble som fokuserar på spelarens upplevelse och som lämpar sig för alla spelare oavsett nivå. Tre enkla AI-spelare skapas genom att använda grundläggande egenskaper som karakteriserar mänskligt spel. Utvärderingen visar att en relativt outvecklad AI tas för en människa av försökspersoner som spelat matcher mot AI-spelaren. Arbetet kan användas som grund för att gå vidare och utveckla AI:n genom att modellera fler och mer avancerade beteenden hos mänskliga spelare.

  • 1031.
    Bellmyr, Simon
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    SPEL OCH DESS NARRATIV: Berättelser i digitala offline-rollspel2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det är uppenbart att narrativ används i spel, inte minst i offline-RPG:n (ORPG:n), där berättelserna är vad som står i centrum. Samtidigt som dessa är ett välkomnatfenomen har de också en tendens att passivisera spelaren och påverka känslan avfrihet. I hur hög grad de gör detta är till viss del subjektivt och därför är det av viktvad som motiverar ORPG-spelaren till spelandet. Denna studie har utvecklat tvåspelprototyper som baseras på motivationerna immersion respektive prestation föratt påvisa motivationsgruppernas preferenser. Studien har fokuserat på att ta reda påhur stor vikt de båda grupperna lägger på känslan av frihet, och haft som hypotes attkravet är högre hos prestationsmotiverade spelare. Av utvärderingen att döma gårdet inte att med säkerhet falsifiera eller bekräfta detta.

  • 1032.
    Bellogín, Alejandro
    et al.
    Iniversidad Autńoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
    Said, Alan
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Information Retrieval and Recommender Systems2019In: Data Science in Practice / [ed] Alan Said, Vicenç Torra, Springer, 2019, p. 79-96Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter gives a brief introduction to what artificial intelligence is. We begin discussing some of the alternative definitions for artificial intelligence and introduce the four major areas of the field. Then, in subsequent sections we present these areas. They are problem solving and search, knowledge representation and knowledge-based systems, machine learning, and distributed artificial intelligence. The chapter follows with a discussion on some ethical dilemma we find in relation to artificial intelligence. A summary closes this chapter.

  • 1033.
    Bellogín, Alejandro
    et al.
    Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
    Said, Alan
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Recommender Systems Evaluation2018In: Encyclopedia of Social Network Analysis and Mining / [ed] Reda Alhajj, Jon Rokne, Springer, 2018, 2Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 1034.
    Bel-Serrat, Silvia
    et al.
    Univ Zaragoza, Fac Hlth Sci, Growth Exercise Nutr & Dev GENUD Res Grp, E-50009 Zaragoza, Spain.
    Mouratidou, Theodora
    Univ Zaragoza, Fac Hlth Sci, Growth Exercise Nutr & Dev GENUD Res Grp, E-50009 Zaragoza, Spain.
    Pala, Valeria
    Fondaz IRCSS Ist Nazl Tumori, Nutrit Epidemiol Unit, Dept Prevent & Predict Med, Milan, Italy.
    Huybrechts, Inge
    Univ Ghent, Dept Publ Hlth, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium.
    Boernhorst, Claudia
    Univ Bremen, Inst Epidemiol & Prevent Res, BIPS, D-28359 Bremen, Germany.
    Fernandez-Alvira, Juan Miguel
    Univ Zaragoza, Fac Hlth Sci, Growth Exercise Nutr & Dev GENUD Res Grp, E-50009 Zaragoza, Spain.
    Hadjigeorgiou, Charalampos
    Res & Educ Inst Child Hlth, Strovolos, Cyprus.
    Eiben, Gabriele
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Publ Hlth & Community Med, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hebestreit, Antje
    Univ Bremen, Inst Epidemiol & Prevent Res, BIPS, D-28359 Bremen, Germany.
    Lissner, Lauren
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Publ Hlth & Community Med, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Molnar, Denes
    Univ Pecs, Fac Med, Dept Pediat, Pecs, Hungary.
    Siani, Alfonso
    Inst Food Sci, Unit Epidemiol & Populat Genet, CNR, Avellino, Italy.
    Veidebaum, Toomas
    Natl Inst Hlth Dev, Ctr Hlth & Behav Sci, Tallinn, Estonia.
    Krogh, Vittorio
    Fondaz IRCSS Ist Nazl Tumori, Nutrit Epidemiol Unit, Dept Prevent & Predict Med, Milan, Italy.
    Moreno, Luis A.
    Univ Zaragoza, Fac Hlth Sci, Growth Exercise Nutr & Dev GENUD Res Grp, E-50009 Zaragoza, Spain.
    Relative validity of the Children's Eating Habits Questionnaire- food frequency section among young European children: the IDEFICS Study2014In: Public Health Nutrition, ISSN 1368-9800, E-ISSN 1475-2727, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 266-276Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To compare, specifically by age group, proxy-reported food group estimates obtained from the food frequency section of the Children's Eating Habits questionnaire (CEHQ-FFQ) against the estimates of two non-consecutive 24h dietary recalls (24-HDR). Design: Estimates of food group intakes assessed via the forty-three-food-group CEHQ-FFQ were compared with those obtained by a computerized 24-HDR. Agreement on frequencies of intakes (equal to the number of portions per recall period) between the two instruments was examined using crude and de-attenuated Pearson's correlation coefficients, cross-classification analyses, weighted kappa statistics (kappa(w)) and Bland-Altman analysis. Setting: Kindergartens/schools from eight European countries participating in the IDEFICS (Identification and prevention of Dietary- and lifestyle-induced health EFfects In Children and infantS) Study cross-sectional survey (2007-2008). Subjects: Children aged 2-9 years (n 2508, 50.4% boys). Results: The CEHQ-FFQ provided higher intake estimates for most of the food groups than the 24-HDR. De-attenuated Pearson correlation coefficients ranged from 0.01 (sweetened fruit) to 0.48 (sweetened milk) in children aged 2-<6 years (mean = 0.25) and from 0.01 (milled cereal) to 0.44 (water) in children aged 6-9 years (mean = 0.23). An average of 32 % and 31 % of food group intakes were assigned to the same quartile in younger and older children, respectively, and classification into extreme opposite quartiles was <= 12 % for all food groups in both age groups. Mean kappa(w) was 0.20 for 2-<6-year-olds and 0.17 for 6-9-year-olds. Conclusions: The strength of association estimates assessed by the CEHQ-FFQ and the 24-HDR varied by food group and by age group. Observed level of agreement and CEHQ-FFQ ability to rank children according to intakes of food groups were considered to be low.

  • 1035.
    Benaissa, Samir
    University of Skövde, Department of Computer Science.
    Hitta en metod som stöd vid mätning av konsekvenser vid driftstopp i ett företags eller organisations kritiska IT-system.2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Dagens företag och organisationer blir alltmer beroende av informations- och kommunikationsteknologi. Att använda IT-stöd är ett måste för att klara av den hårda konkurrens som råder på marknaden. IT är för de allra flesta företag ett viktigt hjälpmedel. IT är av stor betydelse vid lagerstyrning, leverantörsanalyser, beställningssystem, produktionsstyrning, orderbehandling, datorstödd konstruktion, ruttplanering och projektplanering. I och med införsel av IT ökar sårbarheten på företaget och organisationer avsevärt. Därmed blir företag och organisationer alltmer sårbara vid driftstopp i dessa IT-stöd.

    Organisationer och företag vet oftast vad som händer och vilka avdelningar som påverkas vid ett driftstopp men inte hur de ska mäta konsekvenserna, exempelvis förluster i tid eller pengar.

    Detta arbete bygger på en undersökning som gjorts genom en fallstudie där intervjuer använts som teknik för att samla information. Totalt femton intervjuer har genomförts på två företag. Resultatet av undersökningen visar en framtagen metod som stöd vid mätning av konsekvenser vid driftstopp i ett företags eller organisations kritiska IT-system. Sammanfattningsvis innebär den framtagna metoden nya möjligheter inte bara för att mäta konsekvenser av driftstopp utan även möjligheten att kunna följa upp förändringar som görs i system, kunna jämföra olika system sinsemellan eller att kunna föra statistik på frekvensen kring antalet driftstopp samt kunna se hur allvarliga driftstoppen är grafiskt. Genom att göra schablonmässiga mallar för olika konsekvenser t.ex. olika typer av kostnader går dessa att integrera i metoden för att få fram olika typer av kostnader.

  • 1036.
    Bendej, Aram
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Kartläggning av fysiska säkerhetsåtgärder, skiljer dessa sig mellan små och stora företag2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Fysisk säkerhet är idag en av hörnpelarna när det gäller säkerhetsarbete. Denna säkerhet bör tillämpas hos alla företag som vill ha sina tillgångar och viktiga data skyddad. Organisatorisk säkerhet och logisk säkerhet är andra säkerhetsaspekter som bör

    kompletteras med den fysiska säkerheten. I detta arbete kommer fysiska säkerhetsåtgärder att tas upp och användas i undersökningen. Eftersom litteraturen ger en generell bild av dessa samt att företagens aspekter inte tas upp syftar arbetet till att kartlägga de fysiska säkerhetsåtgärderna hos företagen, samt att ta reda på om dessa säkerhetsåtgärder skiljer sig mellan stora och små företag. Angreppssättet till arbetet har varit användande av en intervjuundersökning. Arbetets resultat visar att skillnader

    förekom i olika avseenden men att det även fanns likheter. Största anledningarna till användning av en säkerhetsåtgärd berodde på kostnader, relevans och hot.

  • 1037.
    Bender, Anna
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Sweber, Lina
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Kommunikationens betydelse för omvårdnaden av patienter med afasi: -En litteraturöversikt 2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To suffer from aphasia could mean that a most important ability of human nature is lost and could therefore restrict the patient's communication ability. Therefore a higher standard is of importance in the non-verbal communication. Health professionals describe difficulties in understanding this form of communication. This causes disturbance in the interaction and nursing care cannot be adapted to the unique human being. The purpose of this literature review is to highlight and summarize existing research, describing how the various non-verbal communication channels are integrated, in nursing care to patients affected by stroke and aphasia. In the method of this literature review searches were made from the databases Cinahl and Medline. The 12 articles that were included has been quality examined and analyzed according to Friberg (2006). The results describe how the speaking body, support for the unique human being, bodily contact and relationships are important for the understanding of the nonverbal communication. The discussion revolves around how this understanding is formed in the interaction, to be able to see the unique human being and create relationships that provide external support for the human needs here and now. The four categories that are presented in this study may increase the knowledge of the studied phenomena and could also be the ground for further studies in this area.

  • 1038.
    Bender, Anna
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Sweber, Lina
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Kommunikationens betydelse för omvårdnaden av patienter med afasi: En litteraturöversikt2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To suffer from aphasia could mean that a most important ability of human nature is lost and could therefore restrict the patient's communication ability. Therefore a higher standard is of importance in the non-verbal communication. Health professionals describe difficulties in understanding this form of communication. This causes disturbance in the interaction and nursing care cannot be adapted to the unique human being. The purpose of this literature review is to highlight and summarize existing research, describing how the various non-verbal communication channels are integrated, in nursing care to patients affected by stroke and aphasia. In the method of this literature review searches were made from the databases Cinahl and Medline. The 12 articles that were included has been quality examined and analyzed according to Friberg (2006). The results describe how the speaking body, support for the unique human being, bodily contact and relationships are important for the understanding of the nonverbal communication. The discussion revolves around how this understanding is formed in the interaction, to be able to see the unique human being and create relationships that provide external support for the human needs here and now. The four categories that are presented in this study may increase the knowledge of the studied phenomena and could also be the ground for further studies in this area.

  • 1039.
    Bendersky, Lydia
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Aslan, Jakop
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Moradian, Yasser
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    En studie om hur butikschefer motiverar de anställda.2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A study of how store managers motivate the employees

  • 1040.
    Benediktsson, Elís Ingi
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Detection and analysis of megasatellites in the human genome using in silico methods2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Megasatellites are polymorphic tandem repetitive sequences with repeat-units longer than or equal to 1000 base pairs. The novel algorithm Megasatfinder predicts megasatellites in the human genome. A structured method of analysing the algorithm is developed and conducted. The analysis method consists of six test scenarios. Scripts are created, which execute the algorithm using various parameter settings. Three nucleotide sequences are applied; a real sequence extracted from the human genome and two random sequences, generated using different base probabilities. Usability and accuracy are investigated, providing the user with confidence in the algorithm and its output. The results indicate that Megasatfinder is an excellent tool for the detection of megasatellites and that the generated results are highly reliable. The results of the complete analysis suggest alterations in the default parameter settings, presented as user guidelines, and state that artificially generated sequences are not applicable as models for real DNA in computational simulations.

  • 1041.
    Bengtegård, Alfons
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Push tjänster och plattformsoberoende ramverk2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1042.
    Bengtsson, Anders
    University of Skövde, Department of Computer Science.
    Transaktionshantering i RDB2 V0.9711997Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten belyser arbetet med att välja ut en transaktionsstrategi för RDB2 version 0.97. Arbetet med att välja ut denna transaktionsstrategi fokuseras på de två strategierna tvåfaslåsning samt tidsstämpelalgoritm.

    Ett flertal varianter av dessa transaktionsstrategier har identifierats, vilka sammanbinder olika för och nackdelar hos strategierna. De egenskaper som en transaktionsstrategi bör uppfylla för att väljas är:

    att lösa verifierings problemen: förlorade uppdateringar, temporära uppdateringar, felaktiga summeringar samt upprepade läsoperationer

    att vara fri från deadlocks

    att ha en acceptabel effektivitet nivå,

    att möjliggöra testning av problemen ovan, dvs användar initierade transaktioner skall vara möjligt att införa.

    Den strategi som valdes var en variant av tvåfaslåsning, nämligen multiversion. Denna variant löser inte problemet med förlorade uppdateringar men samtliga övriga verifieringsproblem. Varianten skulle, enligt [EN94], vara fri från deadlock, detta visades vara ett tvivelaktigt påstående. I avseende på effektivitet ansågs denna multiversion tvåfaslåsning vara en av de effektivaste av de tillgängliga varianterna, dessutom finns det möjlighet att implementera användar initierade transaktioner vilket möjliggör testning av verifierings problemen praktiskt.

    Då det inte lyckades att fullständigt integrera transaktionsstrategin i RDB2 V0.97 fanns det ingen möjlighet att testa dessa påståenden praktiskt. Denna testning skedde då endast på en teoretisk nivå, där resultaten visades vara goda.

    Slutsaten av detta projekt var att denna metod var den mest lämpade att integrera i RDB2 V0.97, då detta inte kunde verifieras praktiskt.

  • 1043.
    Bengtsson, Björn
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Dynamisk Kollisionsundvikande I Twin Stick shooter: Hastighetshinder och partikelseparation2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I examensarbetet jämförs undvikande av kollision och tidsefektivitet mellan det två metoderna hastighetshinder och partikelseparation i spelgenren Twin stick shooter. Arbetet försöker besvara frågan: Hur skiljer sig undvikandet av kollision och tidseffektiviteten mellan metoderna hastighetshinder och partikelseparation, i spelgenren twin stick shooter med flockbeteende? För att besvara frågan har en artefakt skapats. I artefakten jagar agenter en spelare medan agenterna undviker kollision med andra agenter, dock eftersträvar agenterna att kollidera med spelaren. I artefakten körs olika experiment baserat på parametrar som har ställts in. Varje experiment körs en bestämd tid och all data om kollisioner och exekveringstid för respektive metod sparas i en textfil.   Resultatet av experimenten pekar på att partikelseparation lämpar sig bättre för twin stick shooters.  Hastighetshinder kolliderar mindre men tidsberäkningen är för hög och skalar dåligt med antal agenter. Det passar inte twinstick shooter då det oftast är många agenter på skärmen.  Metoderna för undvikandet av kollision har användning till radiostyrda billar och robotar, samt simulation av folkmassa.

  • 1044.
    Bengtsson, Emelie
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Tysk, Lina
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Patienters upplevelser av att leva med kronisk njursvikt i väntan på njurtransplantation: En litteraturbaserad studie.2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Njurarna har en central funktion i kroppen och sviktar dessa innebär det en stor påverkan på det dagliga livet samt en kontinuerlig kontakt med sjukvården. Sjukdomen och dess behandling påverkar inte bara kroppen fysiskt utan även psykiskt och socialt. Njurtransplantation är en kostnadseffektiv och väletablerad behandlingsform vilken ger god prognos för patienten. Dock är efterfrågan på organ större än tillgången vilket i många fall innebär en väntan på obestämd tid för patienten. Syfte: Syftet med studien var att beskriva patienters upplevelser av att leva med kronisk njursvikt i väntan på transplantation. Metod: Litteraturbaserad studie baserad på tio vetenskapliga artiklar med kvalitativ ansats. Resultat: Ur analysen framkom tre kategorier; Livet begränsas, en oviss väntan samt stöd från omgivningen med nio underkategorier. Diskussion: Livet i väntan på transplantation medför många begränsningar som i sin tur innebär lidande. Detta skapar ett behov av stöd från omgivningen, däribland sjuksköterskan. För att sjuksköterskan ska kunna ge stöd åt patienten är det viktigt att förstå hur patienter upplever livet i väntan på transplantation.  

  • 1045.
    Bengtsson, Emily
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Larsson, Lisa
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Patienters upplevelse av hälsa och välbefinnande under långvarig behandling av hemodialys: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Många patienter lever med kronisk njursjukdom som påverkar det dagliga livet. En försämring av njurfunktionen innebär att en kronisk njursvikt uppstår som kan leda till att behovet av dialys uppstår. En behandlingsform av dialys är hemodialys vilket innebär att blodet renas utanför kroppen. En förståelse för hur patienter upplever hälsa och välbefinnande är av vikt för att sjuksköterskorna ska kunna arbeta främjande för patienterna. Syfte: Beskriva patienters upplevelser av hälsa och välbefinnande under långvarig behandling av hemodialys. Metod: En litteraturöversikt som byggde på 10 kvalitativa artiklar. Resultat: Patienterna upplevde att hemodialysbehandlingarna medförde flera begränsningar i livet som påverkade deras hälsa och välbefinnande. Det skapade känslor av förlust och att vara beroende av andra människor. När patienterna upplevde ett stöd från andra människor gav det kraft och energi. Upplevelsen av att vara begränsad i tid och rum skapade existentiella frågor. Hoppet om en ny njure blev avgörande för patienternas hälsa och välbefinnande. Konklusion: För att skapa hälsa och välbefinnande för patienterna är det av stor vikt att sjuksköterskorna visar ett intresse och en ödmjukhet för patienternas existentiella tankar. Sjuksköterskorna behöver uppmuntra till känslor av hopp hos patienterna för att upplevelsen av hälsa och välbefinnande ska kunna uppstå.

  • 1046.
    Bengtsson, Erik
    University of Skövde, Department of Computer Science.
    Analoga representationer vid verksamhetsbeskrivningar1997Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Idag påpekas mer och mer att användaren skall vara delaktig vid utvecklandet av in-formationssystem. Ett systemutvecklingsprojekt kan generellt sägas ha ett antal faser: En förstudie, en genomförandedel och någon form av efterarbete. Fokus i denna rap-port riktas mot förstudien där det görs en analys av problemdomänen. Eftersom beslut som tas i senare delar av projektet är väldigt beroende av hur väl problemdomänen är beskriven är det viktigt att mycket tid läggs ned på att se till att denna beskrivning är korrekt. För att kunna beskriva problemdomänen har systemutvecklaren en mängd beskrivningstekniker till sin hjälp. En typiskt beskrivningsteknik är uppbyggd av ett antal rektanglar, cirklar, romboider etc som kan vara svåra för en lekman att lära sig och förstå. När problemdomänen är beskriven måste användaren verifiera att detta är korrekt gjort. Om användaren inte är väl insatt i hur beskrivningsteknikerna är upp-byggda får denne svårt att göra en korrekt verifiering. Denna rapport diskuterar huru-vida en beskrivningsteknik uppbyggd på analoga representationer kan vara mer för-delaktig än en traditionell (symbolisk) beskrivningsteknik. En minnestest har utförts, med målet att undersöka om analoga representationer underlättar förståelse i jämförel-se med symboliska representationer. Innan försöket genomfördes gjordes ett antagan-de att förståelse och minne har ett starkt samband. Testet misslyckades med att visa någon signifikant skillnad mellan symboliska och analoga representationer. Orsaken till försökets utfall diskuteras i de senare delarna av rapporten.

  • 1047.
    Bengtsson, Felicia
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    SJUKSKÖTERSKORS NEGATIVA ATTITYDER GENTEMOT PATIENTER MED PSYKISK OHÄLSA - En litteraturstudie2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The purpose of this study was to describe nurses’ negative attitudes towards patients with mental illness. Method: A literature review made on eleven studies of which seven were qualitative and four quantitative. Articles were selected based on inclusion criteria which were that the articles would be relevant on the basis of the study's purpose, that they were published between the years 2004-2014, that they were out of good quality and that they were peer-rewieved. Quality inspection and analysis was done using qualitative method. Key results: Three categories emerged: attitudes based on lack of knowledge, attitudes based on fear and attitudes based on uncertainty. The result shows that the main attitudes are negative and depends primarily on lack of knowledge, fears and uncertainty. Lack of knowledge contributed to fears and uncertainty and considered the cornerstone of attitudes. Conclusions: Nurses need more education and knowledge, and it can contribute to the fears and uncertainty also decreases.

  • 1048.
    Bengtsson Fröberg, Anton
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Visuell identifikation av musik2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att kunna identifiera musik baserat på vad man hör är uppenbart, att identifiera musik på vad vi ser, en tolkning av ljudet, är noterbart svårare. Att kunna veta om musik spelas och vad för musik det då är som spelas är något som markeras som viktigt ifall man har nedsatt hörsel, att kunna visuellt se musik kan ge tillgång till just det. Ett experiment har genomförts för att försöka svara på frågan ifall det är möjligt att särsklija olika sorters musik med hjälp av visualiseringar av musiken, det visar sig att det är möjligt i en kontrollerad och skräddarsydd miljö men att det kan visa sig svårare i verkligenheten att implementera ett verktyg för detta.

  • 1049.
    Bengtsson, Jennifer
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Thorsson, Hannah
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Kärleken som förlorade: En kvalitativ socialpsykologisk studie om avslutade kärleksrelationer2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Every individual have a basic proximity need that can only be fulfilled through long lasting relationships, despite this proximity need it is very common with dissolutions of relationships in today’s society. It has also been proven that cohabiting couples in Sweden separate to a large extent. Present study applies a qualitative, phenomenological approach with the purpose to create an understanding of what experiences individuals who have ended a cohabiting relationship have about how the social exchanges between the partners was expressed and affected the relationship. With social exchange theory, social resource theory and equity theory as theoretical framework, ten respondents who have separated from a cohabiting relationship were interviewed. The results show that the respondents were, in the aspects of time, perceived to be out of priority and that the time spent together was found to be without quality. In the aspects of love, the respondents felt that it was important to express love through symbolic gestures, but that it was not expressed enough in the relationship. The respondents also felt underprivileged in the aspects of time and love because of the experience of giving more in both aspects than what was given in return.

  • 1050.
    Bengtsson, Jens
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Grad: Game design document for the game Grad2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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