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  • 1.
    Andersson, Susanne
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Svanström, Rune
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Ek, Kristina
    Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Rosén, Helena
    Health Sciences, University of Lund, Lund.
    Berglund, Mia
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    'The challenge to take charge of life with long-term illness': Nurses' experiences of supporting patients' learning with the didactic model2015Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 24, nr 23-24, s. 3409-3416Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 2.
    Bergh, Ingrid H. E.
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för vård och natur.
    Ek, Kristina
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för vård och natur.
    Mårtensson, Lena B.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för vård och natur.
    Midwifery students attribute different quantitative meanings to "hurt", "ache" and "pain": A cross-sectional survey2013Ingår i: Women and Birth, ISSN 1871-5192, E-ISSN 1878-1799, Vol. 26, nr 2, s. 143-146Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Assessment of women's labor pain is seldom acknowledged in clinical practice or research. The words "aching" and "hurting" are frequently used by women to describe childbirth pain. The aim of this study was to determine the quantitative meanings midwifery students attribute to the terms "hurt", "ache" and "pain". Data was collected by self-administered questionnaire from students at seven Swedish midwifery programs. A total of 230 filled out and returned a completed questionnaire requesting them to rate, on a visual analog scale, the intensity of "hurt", "ache" or "pain" in the back, as reported by a fictitious parturient. Results: The midwifery students attributed, with substantial individual variation, different quantitative meanings to the studied pain descriptors. Conclusions: To be able to communicate about pain with a woman in labor, it is essential that the midwife be familiar with the value of different words and what they mean to her as this may affect her assessment when the woman describes her pain. © 2012.

  • 3.
    Berglund, Mia
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Ek, Kristina
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Att förstå de didaktiska redskapen i utbildningen2015Ingår i: Reflektion i lärande och vård: En utmaning för sjuksköterskan / [ed] Mia Berglund & Margaretha Ekebergh, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, 1, s. 47-68Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 4.
    Ek, Kristina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Andershed, Birgitta
    Department of Palliative Care Research, Ersta Sköndal University College, Stockholm, Sweden / Department of Nursing, Gjøvik University College, Gjøvik, Norway.
    Sahlberg-Blom, Eva
    School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Ternestedt, Britt-Marie
    Department of Palliative Care Research, Ersta Sköndal University College, Stockholm, Sweden / Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    "The unpredictable death" - The last year of life for patients with advanced COPD: Relatives' stories2015Ingår i: Palliative & Supportive Care, ISSN 1478-9515, E-ISSN 1478-9523, Vol. 13, nr 5, s. 1213-1222Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The end stage of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is described as prolonged and the symptom burden for patients with COPD is often high. It progresses slowly over several years and can be punctuated by abrupt exacerbations that sometimes end in sudden death or recovery of longer or shorter duration. This makes it difficult to identify the critical junctures in order to prognisticate the progress and time for death. patients with COPD often express a fear that the dying process is going to be difficult. There is a fear that the dyspnea will worsen and lead to death by suffocation. The present article aimed to retrospectively describe the final year of life for patients with advanced COPD with focus on death and dying from the perspective of relatives. Method:Interviews were conducted with relatives of deceased family members who had advanced COPD. In total, 13 interviews were conducted and analyzed by menas of content analysis. Result: All relatives described the patients as having had a peacful death that did not correspond with the worry expressed earlier by both the patients and themselves. during the final week of life, two different patterns in the progress of the illness trajectory emerged: a temporary improvement where death was unexpected and a continued deterioration where death was inevitable. Sigificance and Results: The patients and their realtives lived with uncertainty up until the time of death. Little support for psychosocial and existential needs was avaiable. It is essential for the nurse to create relationship with patients and relatives that enable them to talk about dying and death on their own terms.

  • 5.
    Ek, Kristina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Browall, Maria
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Eriksson, Monika
    Skaraborg Hospital, Skövde, Sweden.
    Eriksson, Irene
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Healthcare providers’ experiences of assessing and performing oral care in older adults2018Ingår i: International Journal of Older People Nursing, ISSN 1748-3735, E-ISSN 1748-3743, Vol. 13, nr 2, artikel-id e12189Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 6.
    Ek, Kristina
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Westin, Lars
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Prahl, Charlotte
    Ersta Sköndal University College and Ersta Hospital, Palliative Research Centre, Stockholm, Sweden / Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Österlind, Jane
    Ersta Sköndal University College and Ersta Hospital, Palliative Research Centre, Stockholm, Sweden / Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Strang, Susann
    Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Göteborg, Sweden / Angered Local Hospital, Angered, Sweden.
    Bergh, Ingrid
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Henoch, Ingela
    Angered Local Hospital, Angered, Sweden / University of Gothenburg Centre for Person-Centred Care (GPCC), Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden / Ersta Sköndal University College and Ersta Hospital, Palliative Research Centre, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hammarlund, Kina
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Death and caring for dying patients: exploring first-year nursing students' descriptive experiences2014Ingår i: International Journal of Palliative Nursing, ISSN 1357-6321, E-ISSN 2052-286X, Vol. 20, nr 10, s. 509-515Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To describe first-year nursing student`s expereinces of witnessing death and providing end-of-life care. Methods: This study is a part of a larger longitudial prject. Interviews (n=17) were conducted with nursing students at the end of their fisrt year of education. To analyse the interviews (lived-expereince description), a thematic analysis, "a search for meaning" (Van Manen, 1997) was applied. Result: The results are presented within the framework of four separate themes: (1) The thought of death is more frightening than the actual epereince, (2) Daring to approach the dying patient and offering something of oneself, (3) The expereince of not sufficing in the face of death and (4) being confronted with one`s own feelings. Conclusion: Nursing students require continous support and opportunity to reflect and discuss their experiences about caring for dying patients and confronting death throughout the entirety of their education. In addition, teachers and clinical superviosors need t give support using reflective practice to help students to devlo confidence in their capacity for caring dying patients.

  • 7.
    Eriksson, Irene
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Ek, Kristina
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Jansson, Sofie
    Municipal Home Care, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Sjöström, Ulrika
    Psychiatric Clinic Ryhov, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Larsson, Margaretha
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    To feel emotional concern: A qualitative interview study to explore telephone nurses’ experiences of difficult calls2019Ingår i: Nursing Open, E-ISSN 2054-1058, Vol. 6, nr 3, s. 842-848Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To describe telenurses’ experiences of difficult calls.

    Design: A qualitative approach with a descriptive design was used to gain a deeper understanding of the telenurses’ experiences.

    Methods: The data were collected in spring 2017 through semi-structured interviews with 19 telenurses at call centres and primary healthcare centres and were analysed with qualitative content analysis.

    Results: Becoming emotionally concerned is central to the telenurse’s experiences of difficult calls. Difficult calls are accompanied by feelings such as inadequacy, uncertainty and anxiety, which can be described as emotional tension. Emotional tension refers to situations when the caller’s expressed emotions were conveyed to the telenurses and altered their state of mind. The telenurses stated that difficult calls that cause them to become anxious remain in their thoughts and go through their minds repeatedly, making a deep impression.

  • 8.
    Hagelin, Carina Lundh
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet University, Stockholm, Sweden / Stockholms Sjukhem Foundation, Stockholm, Sweden / Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Melin-Johansson, Christina
    Department of Nursing, Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden / Institute of Caring Sciences and Health, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Henoch, Ingela
    Institute of Caring Sciences and Health, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden / Angered's Local Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bergh, Ingrid
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Ek, Kristina
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Hammarlund, Kina
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Prahl, Charlotte
    Department of Health Care Sciences, Ersta Sköndal University College, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Strang, Susann
    Institute of Caring Sciences and Health, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Westin, Lars
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Österlind, Jane
    Department of Health Care Sciences, Ersta Sköndal University College, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Browall, Maria
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Factors influencing attitude toward care of dying patients in first-year nursing students2016Ingår i: International Journal of Palliative Nursing, ISSN 1357-6321, E-ISSN 2052-286X, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 28-36Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: To describe Swedish first-year undergraduate nursing students' attitudes toward care of dying patients. Possible influences such as age, earlier care experiences, care education, experiences of meeting dying patients and place of birth were investigated.

    METHOD: The Frommelt Attitude Toward Care of the Dying Scale (FATCOD) was used in six universities. Descriptive statistics and regression analysis were used.

    RESULTS: Some 371 students (67.3%) reported overall positive attitude toward caring for dying patients (total mean FATCOD 119.5, SD 10.6) early in their first semester. Older students, students with both earlier care experience and earlier education, those with experience of meeting a dying person, and students born in Sweden reported the highest scores, a more positive attitude.

    CONCLUSION: Age, earlier care experience and education, experiences of meeting a dying person and place of birth seems to affect students' attitudes toward care of the dying and need to be considered among nursing educators.

  • 9.
    Henoch, Ingela
    et al.
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg.
    Browall, Maria
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Melin-Johansson, Christina
    Department of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Östersund.
    Danielson, Ella
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg / Department of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Östersund.
    Udo, Camilla
    Department of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Östersund.
    Johansson Sundler, Annelie
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande.
    Björk, Maria
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande.
    Ek, Kristina
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande.
    Hammarlund, Kina
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande.
    Bergh, Ingrid
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande.
    Strang, Susann
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg / Angered Local Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    The Swedish version of the Frommelt attitude toward care of the dying scale: Aspects of validity and factors influencing nurses' and nursing students' attitudes2014Ingår i: Cancer Nursing, ISSN 0162-220X, E-ISSN 1538-9804, Vol. 37, nr 1, s. E1-E11Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Nurses' attitudes toward caring for dying persons need to be explored. The Frommelt Attitude Toward Care of the Dying (FATCOD) scale has not previously been used in Swedish language. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to compare FATCOD scores among Swedish nurses and nursing students with those from other languages, to explore the existence of 2 subscales, and to evaluate influences of experiences on attitudes toward care of dying patients. METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional, and predictive design was used. The FATCOD scores of Swedish nurses from hospice, oncology, surgery clinics, and palliative home care and nursing students were compared with published scores from the United States, Israel, and Japan. Descriptive statistics, t tests, and factor and regression analyses were used. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 213 persons: 71 registered nurses, 42 enrolled nurses, and 100 nursing students. Swedish FATCOD mean scores did not differ from published means from the United States and Israel, but were significantly more positive than Japanese means. In line with Japanese studies, factor analyses yielded a 2-factor solution. Total FATCOD and subscales had low Cronbach α's. Hospice and palliative team nurses were more positive than oncology and surgery nurses to care for dying patients. CONCLUSIONS: Although our results suggest that the Swedish FATCOD may comprise 2 distinct scales, the total scale may be the most adequate and applicable for use in Sweden. Professional experience was associated with nurses' attitudes toward caring for dying patients. IMPLICATION FOR PRACTICE: Care culture might influence nurses' attitudes toward caring for dying patients; the benefits of education need to be explored.

  • 10.
    Henoch, Ingela
    et al.
    The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Gothenburg, Sweden / Angered Local Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Melin-Johansson, Christina
    The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Gothenburg, Sweden / Mid Sweden University, Department of Health Sciences, Östersund, Sweden.
    Bergh, Ingrid
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Strang, Susann
    The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Gothenburg, Sweden / Angered Local Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ek, Kristina
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Hammarlund, Kina
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Lundh Hagelin, Carina
    Sophiahemmet University, Stockholm, Sweden / Karolinska Institutet, Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Stockholm, Sweden / Stockholms Sjukhem Foundation, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Westin, Lars
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Österlind, Jane
    Ersta Sköndal University College and Ersta Hospital, Palliative Research Centre, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Browall, Maria
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande. Karolinska Institutet, Department of Neurobiology, Care Science and Society, Division of Nursing, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Undergraduate nursing students' attitudes and preparedness toward caring for dying persons: A longitudinal study2017Ingår i: Nurse Education in Practice, ISSN 1471-5953, E-ISSN 1873-5223, Vol. 26, s. 12-20, artikel-id S1471-5953(17)30384-0Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Nursing education needs to prepare students for care of dying patients. The aim of this study was to describe the development of nursing students' attitudes toward caring for dying patients and their perceived preparedness to perform end-of-life care. A longitudinal study was performed with 117 nursing students at six universities in Sweden. The students completed the Frommelt Attitude Toward Care of the Dying Scale (FATCOD) questionnaire at the beginning of first and second year, and at the end of third year of education. After education, the students completed questions about how prepared they felt by to perform end-of-life care. The total FATCOD increased from 126 to 132 during education. Five weeks' theoretical palliative care education significantly predicted positive changes in attitudes toward caring for dying patients. Students with five weeks' theoretical palliative care training felt more prepared and supported by the education to care for a dying patient than students with shorter education. A minority felt prepared to take care of a dead body or meet relatives.

  • 11.
    Karlsson, Christina Elisabeth
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Ernsth Bravell, Marie
    Institute of Gerontology, University of Jönköping, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Ek, Kristina
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Bergh, Ingrid
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Home healthcare teams' assessments of pain in care recipients living with dementia: a Swedish exploratory study2015Ingår i: International Journal of Older People Nursing, ISSN 1748-3735, E-ISSN 1748-3743, Vol. 10, nr 3, s. 190-200Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 12.
    Melin-Johansson, Christina
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences and Palliative Research Centre, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Österlind, Jane
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences and Palliative Research Centre, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Henoch, Ingela
    Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sweden.
    Ek, Kristina
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Bergh, Ingrid
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Hagelin, Carina Lundh
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences and Palliative Research Centre, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Browall, Maria
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande. Jönköping University, Department of Nursing School of Health and Welfare, Sweden.
    Undergraduate nursing students' transformational learning during clinical training2018Ingår i: International Journal of Palliative Nursing, ISSN 1357-6321, E-ISSN 2052-286X, Vol. 24, nr 4, s. 184-192Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Undergraduate nursing students encounter patients at the end of life during their clinical training. They need to confront dying and death under supportive circumstances in order to be prepared for similar situations in their future career.

    Aim: To explore undergraduate nursing students' descriptions of caring situations with patients at the end of life during supervised clinical training.

    Methods: A qualitative study using the critical incident technique was chosen. A total of 85 students wrote a short text about their experiences of caring for patients at the end of life during their clinical training. These critical incident reports were then analysed using deductive and inductive content analysis.

    Findings: The theme 'students' transformational learning towards becoming a professional nurse during clinical training' summarises how students relate to patients and relatives, interpret the transition from life to death, feel when caring for a dead body and learn end-of-life caring actions from their supervisors.

    Implications: As a preparation for their future profession, students undergoing clinical training need to confront death and dying while supported by trained supervisors and must learn how to communicate about end-of-life issues and cope with emotional stress and grief.

  • 13.
    Mårtensson, Lena B.
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Ek, Kristina
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Ekström, Anette
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Bergh, Ingrid H. E.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Midwifery students' conceptions of worst imaginable pain2014Ingår i: Women and Birth, ISSN 1871-5192, E-ISSN 1878-1799, Vol. 27, nr 2, s. 104-107Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) is one of the most widely used pain assessment scales in clinical practice and research. However, the VAS is used less frequently in midwifery than in other clinical contexts. The issue of how people interpret the meaning of the VAS endpoints (i.e. no pain and worst imaginable pain) has been discussed. The aim of this study was to explore midwifery students' conceptions of 'worst imaginable pain'. Methods: A sample of 230 midwifery students at seven universities in Sweden responded to an open-ended question: 'What is the worst imaginable pain for you?' This open-ended question is a part of a larger study. Their responses underwent manifest content analysis. Results: Analysis of the midwifery students' responses to the open-ended question revealed five categories with 24 sub-categories. The categories were Overwhelming pain, Condition-related pain, Accidents, Inflicted pain and Psychological suffering. Conclusions: The midwifery students' conceptions of 'worst imaginable pain' are complex, elusive and diverse. © 2014 Australian College of Midwives.

  • 14.
    Strang, Susann
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sweden / Angered Local Hospital, Sweden.
    Bergh, Ingrid
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Ek, Kristina
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Hammarlund, Kina
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Prahl, Charlotte
    Ersta Sköndal University College / Ersta Hospital, Palliative Research Centre, Stockholm, Sweden / Department of Health Care Sciences, Ersta Sköndal University College, Sweden.
    Westin, Lars
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Österlind, Jane
    Ersta Sköndal University College / Ersta Hospital, Palliative Research Centre, Stockholm, Sweden / Department of Health Care Sciences, Ersta Sköndal University College, Sweden.
    Henoch, Ingela
    Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sweden / University of Gothenburg Centre for Person-Centred Care, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Swedish nursing students' reasoning about emotionally demanding issues in caring for dying patients2014Ingår i: International Journal of Palliative Nursing, ISSN 1357-6321, E-ISSN 2052-286X, Vol. 20, nr 4, s. 194-200Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: To describe nursing students' reasoning about emotionally demanding questions concerning the care of dying patients.

    METHODS: The Frommelt Attitude Toward Care of the Dying (FATCOD) Scale was completed by students at the beginning of their education, and there was great variation in the responses to five items. At a follow-up measurement in the second year, an open-ended question, 'How did you reason when completing this question?', was added to each of the these five items. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyse the responses.

    RESULTS: Of 140 students who completed the FATCOD, 111 provided free-text responses. The analysis of these responses revealed three themes: death perceptions, the students' understanding of their current situation, and the nurse's responsibility.

    CONCLUSION: This study provides useful information on students' reasoning about emotionally demanding questions relating to the care of dying patients. Such knowledge is valuable in helping students to overcome their fear and fulfil their expectations concerning their future proficiency.

  • 15.
    Österlind, Jane
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal University College and Ersta Hospital, Palliative Research Centre, Stockholm, Sweden / Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Prahl, Charlotte
    Ersta Sköndal University College and Ersta Hospital, Palliative Research Centre, Stockholm, Sweden / Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Westin, Lars
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Strang, Susann
    Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sweden / Angered Hospital, Sweden.
    Bergh, Ingrid
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Henoch, Ingela
    Ersta Sköndal University College and Ersta Hospital, Palliative Research Centre, Stockholm, Sweden / Angered Hospital, Sweden / University of Gothenburg Centre for Person-Centred Care (GPCC), Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hammarlund, Kina
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Ek, Kristina
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Nursing students' perceptions of caring for dying people, after one year in nursing school2016Ingår i: Nurse Education Today, ISSN 0260-6917, E-ISSN 1532-2793, Vol. 41, s. 12-16Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To describe Swedish nursing students' perceptions of caring for dying people after the first year of a three year in a nursing programme at three university nursing schools in Sweden. Methods: Interviews (n = 17) were undertaken with nursing students at the end of their first year. A phenomenographic approach was used to design and structure the analysis of the nursing students' perceptions. Results: The analysis resulted in five categories: 1) from abstract to reality, 2) from scary to natural, 3) increased knowledge can give bad conscience, 4) time limits versus fear of end-of-life conversations, and 5) meeting with relatives. Conclusion: Nursing students need to be prepared both theoretically and within practice to encounter death and dying and to care for dying persons. By combining their theoretical knowledge of dying and death with their own encounters of death and dying people in practice, the students can be supported to develop an understanding of dying and death as a natural part of life rather than something frightening. 

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