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  • 1.
    Sumbal, Muhammad Saleem
    et al.
    Department of Management and HR, NUST Business School, National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Islamabad, Pakistan.
    Tsui, Eric
    Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, Hong Kong.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsmiljön Framtidens företagande.
    Shujahat, Muhammad
    Knowledge Management and E-Learning Lab, Faculty of Education, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
    Irfan, Irfan
    Department of Management and HR, NUST Business School, National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Islamabad, Pakistan.
    Ali, Syed Muhammad
    Department of Engineering Management, National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Islamabad, Pakistan.
    A framework to retain the knowledge of departing knowledge workers in the manufacturing industry2020Inngår i: VINE Journal of Information and Knowledge Management Systems, ISSN 2059-5891Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to develop a conceptual framework on knowledge loss in a manufacturing sector based on three aspects: likelihood of knowledge loss, critical areas of knowledge loss and relevance of each of these knowledge areas in terms of utilization and alignment with organizational goals and strategy. Such a conceptual framework can be helpful to the practicing managers in understanding the types of knowledge that is lost of a given departing employee and thus deciding on a measure to retain the critical employees or capture their knowledge before they leave. Design/methodology/approach: Using a case study approach, data has been collected from a multinational battery manufacturing company based in Hong Kong. Semi-structured interviews have been conducted and analyzed through CAQDAS ATLAS.ti to generate the themes which were then used to develop the conceptual framework. Findings: The findings revealed that the likelihood factors of knowledge loss in the manufacturing sector include layoffs, retirement, immigration and job change. The critical areas of knowledge loss comprise the knowledge of relationships and networks, especially with the customers and suppliers, the technical knowledge (battery and process technology) and knowledge of management, among others. The relevance of each of these knowledge areas needs to be determined through proper analysis whether these knowledge areas are needed in future projects, up to date and aligned with organizational goals and strategy along with other factors. Research limitations/implications: Using the developed conceptual framework, managers and executives can identify critical employees in the manufacturing sector and accordingly take some appropriate measures to retain their knowledge. Caution should be taken while applying the findings of this study in other industries and context. Originality/value: This paper is an attempt to reduce the dearth of empirical studies by exploring knowledge retention in the manufacturing sector, especially in the development of proper conceptual frameworks to assess the potential knowledge loss of employees.

  • 2.
    Andersén, Jim
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsmiljön Framtidens företagande.
    Jansson, Christian
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsmiljön Framtidens företagande.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsmiljön Framtidens företagande.
    Can environmentally oriented CEOs and environmentally friendly suppliers boost the growth of small firms?2020Inngår i: Business Strategy and the Environment, ISSN 0964-4733, E-ISSN 1099-0836, Vol. 29, nr 2, s. 325-334Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The core question addressed in the natural resource‐based view (NRBV) of the firm is how to develop and exploit resources beneficial for both the natural environment and firm performance. Due to the resource constraints and increased competition facing small manufacturing firms, achieving this is a challenge for such companies. Building on the NRBV and resource orchestration literatures, we examine the relationship between green purchasing capabilities (GPCs), CEO's environmental orientation(EO), and firm growth. Results from 304 Swedish small manufacturing firms indicate a significant relationship between GPC and growth, and this relationship is positively moderated by the EO of the CEO.

  • 3.
    Eriksson, Erik
    et al.
    Department of Technology Management and Economics, Centre for Healthcare Improvement, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Andersson, Thomas
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande. Department of Technology Management and Economics, Centre for Healthcare Improvement, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hellström, Andreas
    Department of Technology Management and Economics, Centre for Healthcare Improvement, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Gadolin, Christian
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande. Department of Technology Management and Economics, Centre for Healthcare Improvement, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lifvergren, Svante
    Department of Technology Management and Economics, Centre for Healthcare Improvement, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Collaborative Public Management: Coordinated Value Propositions among Public Service Organisations2020Inngår i: Public Management Review, ISSN 1471-9037, E-ISSN 1471-9045, Vol. 22, nr 6, s. 791-812Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing from collaborative public management, this article seeks to contribute topublic service logic by focusing on what precedes the public service user’s realizationof value: the value proposition. A new care model for elderly people with multiplechronic diseases shows that coordinators with an inter-organizational mission, ver-tical and horizontal supporting structures, trust established through relationships,and recognition of service systems’embeddedness in social systems are pivotal forthe ability of public service organizations to develop coordinated value propositions.The contribution to policy and practice is an increased understanding of a coherent,rather than fragmented, welfare system for users/citizens.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 4.
    Liff, Roy
    et al.
    Gothenburg Research Institute, School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Andersson, Thomas
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsmiljön Framtidens företagande.
    Experts’ contribution to strategy when strategy is absent: A case study of quality experts in hospitals2020Inngår i: Public Management Review, ISSN 1471-9037, E-ISSN 1471-9045Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates how new categories of experts can contribute to strategydevelopment in public organizations. Interplay between managers and experts wasanalysed using principal-agent theory, stewardship theory, and partnership theory,each assigning the experts different kinds of strategic contribution. Results show thatexperts may contribute to an iterative and emergent strategy process as stewardsthrough a consultative process method that lets the means guide the goals. Experts’knowledge of what other actors in the organization perceive as important guides theexperts’ application of the technical methods and processing.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 5.
    Boers, Börje
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsmiljön Framtidens företagande.
    Nordqvist, Mattias
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Family businesses as hybrid organisations2020Inngår i: Handbook on Hybrid Organisations / [ed] David Billis, Colin Rochester, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2020, s. 507-521Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this chapter is to deepen our understanding of the nature of family businesses by analysing them as hybrid organisations. We define family businesses as businesses where one or several families own the controlling majority of the shares and are actively involved in the business (Chrisman et al., 2005; Chua et al., 1999). The focus of the chapter is on the theoretical notion of family businesses as hybrid organisations, and it draws on case research based on two publicly listed family firms. Publicly listed family firms are common around the world (La Porta et al., 1999) and they illustrate explicitly the hybrid character of family businesses by combining the logic of family ownership with the expectation of delivering shareholder value (Boers and Nordqvist, 2012). We argue that hybridity is especially apparent in publicly listed family businesses, where it arises from different underlying institutional logics related to the family and the market and the private and the public. The hybrid nature of this kind of business has an impact on their decision-making, their control and/or their governance more generally. To analyse the two cases, we draw on literature on hybrid organisations, governance and family firms. The study of hybrid organisations has gained momentum in recent years (see, e.g., Battilana and Dorado, 2010; Battilana and Lee, 2014; Billis, 2010; Pache and Santos, 2013; and also this Handbook). The current focus seems to be on social enterprises as typical examples of hybrid organisations (Battilana and Lee, 2014; Doherty et al., 2014). Yet this phenomenon is not exclusive to social enterprises or the third sector: it is equally relevant for some public sector and for-profit organisations. The most common type of business is the family business (Dyer, 2003), which also represents a hybrid organisation, with the two domains of family and business constituting the source of hybridity. Family businesses have been portrayed as hybrid organisations in previous literature (e.g., Arregle et al., 2007; Boers and Nordqvist, 2012; Ljungkvist and Boers, 2017), but the concept of hybridity has not gained as much research attention as it deserves. The purpose of this chapter is to address this limitation.

  • 6.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Weaterhead Center for International Affairs, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA / The Ratio Institute, Stockholm, Sweden / School of Business, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Klinton, Markus
    Örebro University, Sweden.
    Stockhult, Helen
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsmiljön Framtidens företagande.
    Inside the incubator - business relationship creations among incubated firms2020Inngår i: Journal of business & industrial marketing, ISSN 0885-8624, E-ISSN 2052-1189Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose Incubators, as providers of advice and resources, suggest fostering the development of early-idea firms. Literature and practice seem to suggest an ever-increasing amount of incubator support. The creation of business relationships is at the heart of any business development, and this paper addresses whether a laissez-faire incubator fosters the creation of business relationships. The purpose of this paper is to explore the creation of business relationships among incubated firms during and after their time in the incubator along with the roles that these relationships play for the incubated firms. Design/methodology/approach Empirically, the paper is based on retrospective interviews with representatives of all incubated firms in a university incubator. A total of fifteen interviews were conducted with representatives of the incubated firms, the incubator and its owners, complemented by secondary data sources. Findings The paper points out three antecedents for business relationship creation: the lack of experience and connections; convenience; and trust based on the interactions with others in the incubator. These antecedents are connected to the roles of transforming businesses and of adaptation in the dyadic relationships. The laissez-faire incubator helped through the learning-by-doing among the incubated firms, which made them focus on business relationship creation from early on. Originality/value Most incubator research portrays the unilateral transfer of knowledge from the incubator to the incubated firm, with the latter being a service taker rather than a co-producer. The paper adds knowledge about business relationships among firms in incubators and the roles that these business relationships could play for the firms. The focus on an incubator providing limited support is of high practical relevance, given the trend of incubators facilitating more and more services.

  • 7.
    Gadolin, Christian
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsmiljön Framtidens företagande.
    Krohwinkel, Anna
    Leading Health Care.
    Mannerheim, Unni
    Leading Health Care.
    Kompetensmixen i framtidens vård måste säkras2020Inngår i: Dagens medicin, ISSN 1104-7488, nr 5, s. 23-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 8.
    Osarenkhoe, Aihie
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Fjellström, Daniella
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Abraha, Desalegn
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsmiljön Framtidens företagande.
    Baffour Awuah, Gabriel
    University of Halmstad, Sweden.
    Networked establishment processes in transition economies2020Inngår i: Global Business and Economics Review (GBER), ISSN 1097-4954, E-ISSN 1745-1329, Vol. 22, nr 1/2, s. 161-177Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to examine the establishment processes of Scania in Croatia and Statoil in Estonia applying a model developed from the network approach. The findings show that Statoil’s ability to leverage significant actors in its network to support its establishment made the process less cumbersome and less resource-consuming. Scania’s lack of home- and host country support resulted in an arduous and costly process, with Scania’s market position changing several times as different problems cropped up. We also found that relationship orientation requires adaptation by the firm and, more critically, by its managers. A lack of cross-cultural competence is also observed to be an impeding factor in the process.

  • 9.
    Gadolin, Christian
    et al.
    University West, Trollhättan, Sweden / Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Andersson, Thomas
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsmiljön Framtidens företagande. Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Eriksson, Erik
    Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hellström, Andreas
    Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Providing healthcare through “value shops”: impact on professional fulfilment for physicians and nurses2020Inngår i: International Journal of Health Governance, ISSN 2059-4631Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to empirically explore and demonstrate the ability of healthcare professionals to attain professional fulfilment when providing healthcare inspired by “value shops”. Design/methodology/approach: A qualitative case study incorporating interviews and observations was conducted. Findings: The empirical data suggest that the professional fulfilment of both physicians and nurses is facilitated when care is organized through “value shops”. Both groups of professionals state that they are able to return to their “professional core”. Originality/value: The beneficial outcomes of organizing healthcare inspired by the “value shop” have previously been explored in terms of efficiency and quality. However, the professional fulfilment of healthcare professionals when providing such care has not been explicitly addressed. Professional fulfilment is vital in order to safeguard high-quality care, as well as healthcare professionals' involvement and engagement in implementing quality improvements. This paper highlights the fact that care provision inspired by the “value shop” may facilitate professional fulfilment, which further strengthens the potential positive outcomes of the “value shop” when utilized in a healthcare setting. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 10.
    Edvardsson, Ingi Runar
    et al.
    School of Business, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsmiljön Framtidens företagande.
    Oskarsson, Gudmundur Kristjan
    School of Business and Science, University of Akureyri, Akureyri, Iceland.
    Strategic outsourcing in SMEs2020Inngår i: Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, ISSN 1462-6004, E-ISSN 1758-7840, Vol. 27, nr 1, s. 73-84Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose So far, there are very few empirical research studies available on the outsourcing pattern among small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The purpose of this paper is to examine strategic outsourcing among Icelandic SME service firms, from 2009 to 2018. Design/methodology/approach The data presented in this paper cover responses from 802 small service firms, which were collected through telephone and online questionnaires. In order to have sufficient data on strategic outsourcing and to ensure a decent analysis, three surveys were combined. Findings The main finding of the present paper is that SMEs that have a developed strategy on outsourcing seem to perform better than those who do not have. The former are more likely to have achieved cost reduction, especially in housing and finance, and they use outsourcing to increase core businesses. They select vendor firms more on the bases of cost and services, rather than personal contacts. Also, these firms have improved service quality, by focusing on their core competences. Originality/value To the authors' knowledge, the present study is one of the few empirical studies that have examined outsourcing in SMEs from a strategic perspective. The findings are valuable for managerial practice and could be a base for outsourcing strategies in SMEs.

  • 11.
    Edvardsson, Ingi Runar
    et al.
    School of Business, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Óskarsson, Guðmundur Kristján
    School of Business and Science, University of Akureyri Iceland, Akureyri, Iceland.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsmiljön Framtidens företagande.
    The outsourcing practice among small knowledge-intensive service firms2020Inngår i: VINE Journal of Information and Knowledge Management Systems, ISSN 2059-5891Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This paper aims to present findings on outsourcing practices in small service firms in Iceland, where the prime focus is on knowledge-intensive service firms. Design/methodology/approach: To gain information on the scope and reason for outsourcing, telephone and online surveys were used. In total, 802 firms participated in the surveys, which were conducted in the period 2009-2018. Findings: The results show that knowledge-intensive firms outsource far more than other service firms and are also more likely to have an outsourcing strategy. The grounds for increased outsourcing are cost reduction and strategic reasons, such as a focus on core competency and the search for external knowledge. In comparison with other firms, knowledge-intensive firms are increasingly outsourcing cleaning, security services, canteen and transportation, IT processes, human resource management, training and consulting. Additionally, managers of these firms select suppliers more on the basis of cost and quality. They also realize more cost savings as a consequence of outsourcing. Outsourcing had a very limited effect on employment in the firms, while cost reduction was achieved in 48.3 per cent of the firms involved. Research limitations/implications: The findings are in line with the resource-based theory and, interestingly, this is not limited to knowledge-based firms, but to a large portion of service firms as well. Originality/value: This is the first in-depth study on outsourcing patterns in knowledge-intensive firms, which uses theoretical classification in empirical analysis. 

  • 12.
    Boers, Börje
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    A founder's heritage: the development of organizational identity2019Inngår i: Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship, ISSN 0827-6331, E-ISSN 2169-2610, Vol. 31, nr 1, s. 73-95Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to understand how a former family firm strategically makes use of the founder's legacy to preserve its organizational identity. Following a single case study approach, it draws on rich empirical material from semi-structured interviews and extensive archival data. We show how central organizational activities are affected by a founder's heritage long after the formal exit has taken place, illustrating the central, enduring, and distinctive elements of organizational identity a founder has. Regardless of ownership forms, the family company founder's legacy is used to legitimize new owners and maintain the organization's identity. However, centripetal moves complicate the preservation of the organizational identity, whereas a high focus on value leveraging in another ownership form opens up for centrifugal approaches which strengthen the entrepreneurial dimension of organizational identity.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 13.
    Reardon, James
    et al.
    Department of Marketing, Monfort College of Business, University of Northern Colorado, Greeley, CO, United States.
    McCorkle, Denny
    Department of Marketing, Monfort College of Business, University of Northern Colorado, Greeley, CO, United States.
    Radon, Anita
    Department of Marketing, Södertörn University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Abraha Gebrekidan, Desalegn
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    A global consumer decision model of intellectual property theft2019Inngår i: Journal of Research in Interactive Marketing, ISSN 2040-7122, Vol. 13, nr 4, s. 509-528Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Intellectual property theft amounts to billions of dollars per year worldwide. The first step in stemming this loss is to understand the underlying precursors of this behavior. This paper aims to propose and test a model of consumer choice to purchase or pirate intellectual property, specifically music. This paper combines and applies the theory of reasoned action (TRA) and Becker’s theory of crime to develop a more comprehensive model of digital piracy behavior. Culture was tested as an antecedent to the attitudes and the perceptions of risk associated with music piracy. Design/methodology/approach: A survey of 4,618 participants was conducted across 23 countries. Construct measures were validated using confirmatory factor analysis in LISREL. A conceptual model was tested using logistic structural equation modeling in MPlus. Respondents were asked about the last music they acquired to test a behavioral model of music piracy. Findings: The results indicated that culture, specifically rule orientation and uncertainty avoidance, had a significant impact on attitudes toward the music industry, ethical perceptions of music piracy and risk perceptions. Respondents’ ethical perceptions of downloading had the highest impact on music piracy behavior. The personal/copy risk associated with the illegal downloading of music had a significant impact while the relative channel risk did not. The market value, quality and selection also had a significant impact on downloading behavior, as did the respondent's ability to find and download music. Research limitations/implications: While this paper was limited by focusing on the illegal downloading of music, the results can provide guidance in the design of future research concerning the piracy and unlicensed downloading of other types of intellectual properties such as movies/videos, TV, paywall content and e-books. Practical implications: In recent years, improved access to music and video through online streaming and online stores has significantly decreased music piracy. This research indicated that further inroads into this behavior could be made through better online purchase access and through consumer education about the ethics and results of digital downloading. Further, efforts are more efficient by targeting cultures with lower levels of rule orientation with ethics education and targeted risk messages in countries with higher uncertainty avoidance. Social implications: Yearly losses to the music industry amount to about $5-29bn. Many find music and video downloading and “sharing” as acceptable. The model developed in this research has implications to affect this mass loss of revenue to the music industry and perhaps the societal view of downloading behavior that is illegal but commonly accepted. Originality/value: This model is the first to integrate cultural aspects into models of digital piracy. In addition, the model is developed from a strong theoretical base (TRA and Becker’s theory of crime) to integrate multiple antecedents to intellectual property theft research. 

  • 14.
    Andersén, Jim
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Andersén, Annelie
    Karlstad University.
    Are high-performance work systems (HPWS) appreciated by everyone?: The role of management position and gender on the relationship between HPWS and affective commitment2019Inngår i: Employee relations, ISSN 0142-5455, E-ISSN 1758-7069, Vol. 41, nr 5, s. 1046-1064Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose:  Although most studies on HPWS focus on various firm-level outcomes, there has been an increasing interest in how employees are affected by HPWS. However, most of these studies use social exchange theory and, based on an idea of reciprocal exchange, implicitly assume that all employees become more affectively committed to organizations using HPWS.  Based on social identity theory, we argue that management position and gender likely influence how individuals respond to HPWS. Thus, the aim of this study is to examine how HPWS affects affective commitment among managers, subordinates, men, and women.

    Design/methodology/approach: Hierarchical linear model analysis of 356 employees in 26 Swedish small and medium-sized manufacturing companies.

    Findings: In the sample examined, managers and women show increased affective commitment in organizations using HPWS. For men with non-managerial positions, the results indicate a reversed relationship, i.e. HPWS could actually reduce affective commitment.

    Originality/value: The findings indicate the need to consider individual differences when examining the effect of HPWS, and highlight the usefulness of relational-oriented theories when studying the employee outcomes of HRM systems.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 15.
    Gadolin, Christian
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Att ge oss mer skam räddar inte klimatet2019Inngår i: Aftonbladet, ISSN 1103-9000, s. 8-8Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 16.
    Schmidt, Werner
    et al.
    FATK, Tubingen, Germany.
    Mueller, Andrea
    FATK, Tubingen, Germany.
    Ramos-Vielba, Irene
    FATK, Tubingen, Germany / Univ Politecn Valencia, INGENIO CSIC UPV, Valencia, Spain.
    Thoernquist, Annette
    FATK, Tubingen, Germany.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande. FATK, Tubingen, Germany.
    Austerity and public sector trade union power: Before and after the crisis2019Inngår i: European journal of industrial relations, ISSN 0959-6801, E-ISSN 1461-7129, Vol. 25, nr 2, s. 129-145Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We use a power resources approach to examine the effects of the 2008-2009 financial and economic crisis on public sector trade union power in Germany, Spain, Sweden and the UK, comparing structural, organizational, institutional, societal and political power resources before and after the crisis. Unions' power resources have (at least temporarily) weakened in Spain, with a similar but less pronounced trend in the UK; whereas in Sweden and Germany, one can detect ambiguous but slightly positive signals, which reflect neither the crisis nor opposition to austerity. As well as structural, organizational and institutional power resources, societal and political resources are decisive for public sector trade unions.

  • 17.
    Andersson, Thomas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Cäker, Mikael
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden / University of Trondheim, Norway.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Wickelgren, Mikael
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Building traits for organizational resilience through balancing organizational structures2019Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Management, ISSN 0956-5221, E-ISSN 1873-3387, Vol. 35, nr 1, s. 36-45Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes and explains how balancing organizational structures can build traits for organizational resilience. Organizational resilience is a holistic and complex concept. In this paper, we move beyond focusing on sudden and disruptive events in favour of anticipating the unexpected in daily organizing. Organizational resilience is understood here as building traits of risk awareness, preference for cooperation, agility and improvisation and is analysed by means of a longitudinal qualitative case study. The paper contributes to the field by showing how balancing organizational structures can foster organizational resilience traits. We show that power distribution and normative control can create preparedness for unexpected events and foster action orientation at the same time as supporting organizational alignment. 

  • 18.
    Tehseen, Shehnaz
    et al.
    Sunway University, Department of Management, Sunway University Business School, Bandar Sunway, Selangor, Malaysia.
    Mughal, Sadia Ahmed
    Universiti Kuala Lumpur, Universiti Kuala Lumpur Business School, Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan, Malaysia.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande.
    Shujahat, Muhammad
    The University of Hong Kong, Faculty of Education, Knowledge Management & E-Learning Lab, Hong Kong, China.
    Qureshi, Zuhaib Hassan
    Universiti Kuala Lumpur, Universiti Kuala Lumpur Business School, Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan, Malaysia.
    Kokkalis, Panagiotis
    Al Falah University, Business Administration and Human Resource Department, College of Business School, Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
    Composition-based view of the firm as a promising approach to studying small businesses2019Inngår i: Produção, ISSN 0103-6513, E-ISSN 1980-5411, Vol. 29, artikkel-id e20180022Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Paper aims

    Extant Literature based on the resource-based view (RBV) of the firm suggests that it can be used to study organizations of all types and sizes. In essence, the RBV argues that firms that possess rare, non-imitable, valuable, unique, and non-substitutable resources will outperform firms that do not possess such resources. This study questions the applicability of this assumption to smaller businesses, which are likely to have common resources readily available in the market rather than rare, non-imitable, non-substitutable, unique, or valuable resources. The purpose of this study is to discuss whether the composition-based view (CBV) of the firm offers a more promising approach than the RBV to studying small businesses.

    Originality

    This study is one of the first to tentatively suggest a change in theoretical approach when studying small businesses.

    Research method

    A structured critical review approach is taken.

    Main findings

    The findings reveal that the CBV offers a more promising and appropriate theoretical framework than the RBV for research on small businesses, whereas the RBV is better suited to research on larger firms.

    Implications for theory and practice

    Future studies can use RBV and CBV to study large and small businesses, respectively.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 19.
    Gadolin, Christian
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande. Chalmers tekniska högskola.
    Eriksson, Erik
    Chalmers tekniska högskola.
    Därför avstår forskarna från offentlig debatt2019Inngår i: Göteborgs-Posten, ISSN 1103-9345Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 20.
    Syrjä, Pasi
    et al.
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland.
    Puumalainen, Kaisu
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland.
    Sjögrén, Helena
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland.
    Soininen, Juha
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Entrepreneurial orientation in firms with a social mission - a mixed-methods approach2019Inngår i: Cogent Business & Management, ISSN 2331-1975, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 1-25, artikkel-id 1602016Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores entrepreneurial orientation (EO) in Finnish social enterprises in a social context using a mixed-methods approach. As a result, we propose that the generic dimensions of EO apply in a social context with minor refinements but suggest an additional dimension of persistence. The social enterprises take substantial financial risks although carefully avoid anything that may jeopardise the firms’ social impact. They exhibit highly innovative behaviour when developing new ways to serve the social purpose as well as when finding new ways to generate income. Furthermore, these enterprises exhibit remarkable persistence in adhering to a course of action despite their experienced difficulties.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 21.
    Williams, Christopher
    et al.
    Durham University Business School, Durham, United Kingdom.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Exploring the transition phase in offshore outsourcing: Decision making amidst knowledge at risk2019Inngår i: Journal of Business Research, ISSN 0148-2963, E-ISSN 1873-7978, Vol. 103, s. 460-471Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We explore the transition phase in information system (IS) offshore outsourcing, focusing on ongoing decisions made in a client-vendor arrangement and the implications these decisions have for knowledge at risk. Drawing on time-compression and knowledge at risk literatures we argue that firms will need to make ongoing transitional decisions over time as knowledge intensive work is increasingly handed over from client to vendor. We conduct a longitudinal exploratory case study of a strategic development project transitioned from a European client to a company in India over a 4-year period. Analysis indicates: (1) four distinct phases of the transition: penetration, embedment, ramp-up and stabilization; (2) how transitional decisions and knowledge at risk vary across these phases. Results from the longitudinal approach have implications not only for understanding the ‘what’ and ‘how’ in IS offshore outsourcing but also for a deeper insight into the ‘when’ question.

  • 22.
    Abraha Gebrekidan, Desalegn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Le Hieu, Hoc
    Faculty of Economics and Management, Hanoi University of Science and Technology, Vietnam.
    Mukhtar, Syeda-Masooda
    School of Business and Quality, HMBSU, Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
    How Developed-Country Firms Make Standardization/Transfer and Adaptations Decisions in Relation to their Developing-Host-Country Operations?2019Inngår i: Journal of East-West Business, ISSN 1066-9868, E-ISSN 1528-6959, Vol. 25, nr 2, s. 107-143Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Factors influencing firms’ standardization and adaptations decisions tend to be treated as static isolated entities in the extant literature. Further, the focus is predominantly on Western MNCs and product development or marketing functions with manufacturing firms and the emerging/developing country perspective underrepresented. We explore factors, as well as their interrelations that determine standardization and adaptations decisions when a developed country manufacturing firm establishes operations in a developing country. Purposefully, Italian manufacturing firms with operations in Vietnam are examined. We identify functions, processes, and practices that are standardized/transferred and those that are adapted. A theoretical model is developed based on the findings.

  • 23.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande.
    How far have we come with the study of knowledge risks?2019Inngår i: Vine: The Journal of Information and Knowledge Management Systems, ISSN 0305-5728, E-ISSN 1474-1032, Vol. 49, nr 1, s. 21-34Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This paper aims to review research on the topic of knowledge risks to establish the current body of knowledge and, on this basis, to suggest some promising avenues for future research.

    Design/methodology/approach – This study consists of a systematic review of 52 refereed articles on knowledge risks.

    Findings – The findings contribute to a more holistic view of the topic and related aspects and, thus, complement the study of knowledge management. Additionally, a number of research questions are proposed, aimed at guiding and informing future research activities.

    Research limitations/implications – This study may not have enabled a complete coverage of all articles in the field of knowledge risks. Yet, based on the chosen research methodology, it seems reasonable to assume that the review process covered a large share of studies available.

    Originality/value – To the best of the author’s knowledge, no systematic literature review on knowledge risks and related issues has previously been published in academic journals. Keywords Knowledge loss, Knowledge management, Systematic literature review, Knowledge risk management, Knowledge risks

    Paper type Literature review

  • 24.
    Matos, Florinda
    et al.
    ICLab, ICAA—Intellectual Capital Association, Santarém, Portugal / DINÂMIA’CET-IUL—ISCTE-IUL, Lisbon, Portugal.
    Vairinhos, Valter
    ICLab, ICAA—Intellectual Capital Association, Santarém, Portugal / CINAV—Naval Research Centre Escola Naval, Almada, Portugal.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Dameri, Renata Paola
    Department of Economics and Business Studies, University of Genova, Genova, Italy.
    Intellectual Capital and Innovation for Sustainable Smart Cities: The Case of N-Tuple of Helices2019Inngår i: Intellectual Capital Management as a Driver of Sustainability: Perspectives for Organizations and Society / [ed] Florinda Matos, Valter Vairinhos, Paulo Maurício Selig, Leif Edvinsson, Springer, 2019, s. 49-66Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this chapter is to explore and discuss, in the context of Smart Cities (SC), the relations between three concepts: Intellectual Capital (IC), Innovation Process (IP) and Sustainability (S). It is important to note that, in this context, the concept of IC refers to Smart Cities Intellectual Capital (SCIC), which is characterised by four components (Human Capital, Process Capital, Renewal Capital, Clients Capital), also used for Nations IC. The Innovation analysis considers two models: the first one expresses the dependencies and limits of innovation, resulting from physical limitations such as city area and city population; and the second one is the N-Tuple of Helices model. The concept of Smart City will be modelled as a living being capable of rational behaviour, knowledge production, and intellectual activity.

  • 25.
    Grimsdottir, Elsa
    et al.
    Univ Iceland, Sch Business, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Edvardsson, Ingi-Runar
    Univ Iceland, Sch Business, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Knowledge creation in knowledge-intensive small and medium-sized enterprises2019Inngår i: International Journal of Knowledge-Based Development, ISSN 2040-4468, E-ISSN 2040-4476, Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 75-94Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper presents insights into the knowledge creation process in three Icelandic knowledge-intensive small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Data were obtained through a case study methodology. The findings indicate that the three knowledge-intensive companies use complex, non-routine knowledge to deal with complex problems. Often, practical problems are a starting point for new ideas and knowledge development. Brainstorming, collaboration, teamwork, informal and formal gathering and other knowledge creation activities are used in the knowledge creating process. The companies showed many characteristics of SMEs with little formal structure and strategies. The subject of knowledge creation has received little attention in the literature. Thus, the study responds to this situation by giving insights into the knowledge creation processes in knowledge-intensive SMEs.

  • 26.
    Gadolin, Christian
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande. Centre for Healthcare Improvement (CHI), Chalmers Tekniska Högskola.
    Kompetens2019Inngår i: Moderna policies: Inspel för en framtidsinriktad hälso- och sjukvårdsdebatt / [ed] Anna Krohwinkel, Unni Mannerheim, Stockholm: Leading Health Care , 2019, s. 56-79Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 27.
    Gadolin, Christian
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsmiljön Framtidens företagande.
    Låt inte ”komplexitet” bli en ursäkt för misslyckande2019Inngår i: Dagens Samhälle, ISSN 1652-6511Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 28.
    Durst, Susanne
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande.
    Zieba, Malgorzata
    Management, Gdansk University of Technology, Gdansk, Poland.
    Mapping knowledge risks: towards a better understanding of knowledge management2019Inngår i: Knowledge Management Research & Practice, ISSN 1477-8238, E-ISSN 1477-8246, Vol. 17, nr 1, s. 1-13Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This conceptual paper aims to identify, present, and analyze potential knowledge risks organizations might face. With the growing complexity of organizational environments and the plethora of new knowledge risks emerging, this critical but under-researched field of knowledge management (KM) deserves closer attention. The study is based on a critical analysis of the extant literature devoted to knowledge risks, discusses potential outcomes of these risks and proposes a concept map of knowledge risks. The map shows a number of knowledge risks organizations should be aware of. Knowledge risks can be assigned to three categories: human, technological and operational. The research is the first systematic and comprehensive review of knowledge risks at the organizational level. By aggregating and consolidating the knowledge risks covered, the study does not only provide a knowledge risk taxonomy but also promising directions for future research. The study also contributes to a more comprehensive understanding of KM.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 29.
    Gadolin, Christian
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Olika styrningsideal behöver genomsyra och integreras i vården2019Inngår i: Skaraborgs Allehanda, ISSN 1403-3739, s. 2-, artikkel-id 0314Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Svensk sjukvård präglas av olika synsätt på hur verksamheten ska bedrivas. För att möta dagens och framtidens utmaningar måste chefer och medarbetare hitta större förståelse för varandras perspektiv.

  • 30.
    Eriksson, Erik
    et al.
    Chalmers Tekniska Högskola.
    Gadolin, Christian
    Chalmers Tekniska Högskola.
    One-size fits-all-lösningar fungerar sällan i vården2019Inngår i: Dagens medicin, ISSN 1104-7488, nr 23, s. 31-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 31.
    Gustavsson, Susanne M. K.
    et al.
    Department of Quality and Patient safety, Skaraborg’s Hospital, Sweden / Centre for Healthcare Improvement, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Andersson, Thomas
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Patient involvement 2.0: Experience-based co-design supported by action research2019Inngår i: Action Research, ISSN 1476-7503, E-ISSN 1741-2617, Vol. 17, nr 4, s. 469-491Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Strong professionals who influence the development of healthcare services have dominated healthcare organizations for many years. However, this dominance has been challenged recently through patient involvement. One method of achieving patient involvement is experience-based co-design (EBCD), in which patients and healthcare professionals work together to improve care. Patient involvement has considerable potential, but also presents certain challenges. This article addresses these challenges using experiences from patients and healthcare professionals who participated in two action research (AR) projects that aimed to improve patient experienced quality using EBCD. The paper shows that patient involvement in quality improvements challenge the traditional roles of professionals and patients. The role as codesigner embraces new perspectives for healthcare professionals that force them to step out of their comfort zone. Accordingly, healthcare professionals are able to view patients as equal partners in improvement work. Reflecting dialogues offered eye-opening stories for patients and healthcare professionals that enabled them to construct a common picture of care. This study contributes to earlier research that argues that an AR approach can strengthen important values for EBCD projects. The findings show that the combination of EBCD and AR is a promising approach to address the challenges of patient involvement in healthcare improvement.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 32.
    Andersén, Jim
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Resource orchestration of firm-specific human capital and firm performance: the role of collaborative human resource management and entrepreneurial orientation2019Inngår i: International Journal of Human Resource Management, ISSN 0958-5192, E-ISSN 1466-4399Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Firm-specific human capital (HC) is widely recognised as the most important resource for superior firm performance. Contemporary literature on the resource-based view (RBV) and resource orchestration has stressed the importance of organising resources, such as firmspecific HC, in order to fully exploit them. However, companies with idiosyncratic resources cannot rely on established resource exploitation practices, making the exploitation of firmspecific HC a complex issue. Nevertheless, few studies have empirically examined how to orchestrate firm-specific HC. Therefore, the aim of this study is to examine how resource orchestration – operationalised as collaborative human resource management (CHRM) and entrepreneurial orientation (EO) both individually and combined – moderates the relationship between firm-specific HC and firm performance. Based on a sample of 151 Swedish manufacturing firms, the findings demonstrate that CHRM and EO do not independently influence the relationship between firm-specific HC and performance. However, firms with firm-specific HC benefit from either being highly entrepreneurial and relying on CHRM or being non-entrepreneurial and not focusing on CHRM; they perform worst if they are entrepreneurial without using CHRM. Whereas previous RBV-studies on resource exploitation have mainly stressed that HC has to be exploited, this study contributes to the RBV by examining how firm-specific HC should be exploited.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 33.
    Andersson, Thomas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsmiljön Framtidens företagande.
    Gadolin, Christian
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsmiljön Framtidens företagande.
    Stockhult, Helén
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsmiljön Framtidens företagande.
    Samverkan i komplexitet: Resultat från utvärdering av samverkansmodell social hållbarhet/folkhälsa2019Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 34.
    Kchaou, Rihab
    et al.
    University of Sfax, Tunisia.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Skills Development Practices and Engineer Turnover: Insights Into Tunisian IT Services Companies2019Inngår i: Handbook of Research on Entrepreneurial Leadership and Competitive Strategy in Family Business / [ed] José Manuel Saiz-Álvarez, Jesús Manuel Palma-Ruiz, IGI Global, 2019, s. 42-62Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter investigates the skills development practices and their relationship with engineer turnover in IT services companies (henceforth ITSC) from Tunisia. It presents a qualitative analysis of data that derived from a number of interviews conducted with human resource managers of these companies. Based on the findings, four human resources management (HRM) practices were identified that seemingly contribute to skills development in the firms investigated, which are recruitment, training, inter-project mobility, inter-firm cooperation. The findings indicate that these practices can also reduce engineer turnover rates. The chapter provides fresh insights into HRM practices of Tunisian companies, which has not attracted much attention yet.

  • 35.
    Gudfinnsson, Kristens
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för informationsteknologi. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Informationsteknologi.
    Rose, Jeremy
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för informationsteknologi. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Informationsteknologi.
    Aggestam, Lena
    Department of Economics and Informatics, University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Tackling Lack of Motivation in Aspirational Analytics Companies: SME Examples from the Manufacturing Industry2019Inngår i: International Journal of Business Intelligence Research, ISSN 1947-3591, E-ISSN 1947-3605, Vol. 10, nr 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Establishing business intelligence analytics (BIA) in small- and medium-sized manufacturing enterprises is a pervasive problem. SME’s - the majority of businesses - play an important role in creating jobs, but research is primarily focused on large corporations. The authors worked with small manufacturing companies at the aspirational capability level but found that their motivation to introduce BIA was low. They had many business challenges but perceived the obstacles (primarily cost and effort) as too great, and their priorities were with operational issues. A two-phase approach based on a well-known analytics maturity model was devised to help raise company motivation. The article describes three studies in different companies using variations of the approach. Comparative analysis of the cases shows that demonstrating a clear path to improved functional efficiency is key to improving motivation, and that simple, easy to learn tools can provide these insights at little cost.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 36.
    Ilbiz, Ethem
    et al.
    University of South Wales, Australia.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande. South Ural State University, Chelyabinsk (Russian Federation).
    The Appropriation of Blockchain for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises2019Inngår i: Journal of Innovation Management, E-ISSN 2183-0606, Vol. 7, nr 1, s. 26-45Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to provide a conceptual framework for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to evaluate the appropriation of blockchain technology for their business needs and challenges. This conceptual framework aims to respond to the problem of increasing speculations surrounding the blockchain that is considered to be an absolute and innovative solution to many business related problems. However, this argument might not be realistic for SMEs despite this assumption. The main argument of the article is that SMEs should be skeptical while evaluating the appropriation of this technology for their business needs and they should follow a tailored approach whilst adopting it. Otherwise, the likelihood is high that a short-term and unstructured knowledge management process to adopt blockchain will end up with a waste of resources. The present paper conceptualizes an appropriation framework within nine factors namely, reduction of costs, internalization, digital representation of assets, unalterable data recording, network size, transparent and synchronized ledger, scalability, fair trade, and financing. Given the field’s infancy state of development, the paper relies on a qualitative document analysis involving SME literature and extant literature and white papers of blockchain applications.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 37.
    Ljungkvist, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Boers, Börje
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    The founder’s psychological ownership and its strategic implications2019Inngår i: Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, ISSN 1462-6004, E-ISSN 1758-7840Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to understand the change of the founder’s psychological ownershipwhen s/he sells the business and its implications for the organization’s strategy.Design/methodology/approach – The study contributes with a longitudinal study of psychologicalownership, accounting for its development over time in a Swedish e-commerce company. By applying a casestudy methodology, conclusions are drawn from a vast amount of archival data and interviews. The empiricalmaterial covers the transition from a founder-run, family-owned to a first foreign-owned, and currentlyprivate-equity owned company.Findings – Theoretically, it extends understandings of psychological ownership and its strategicimplications by including former legal owners; that is, how psychological ownership changes after legalownership ceases. Thereby, it develops the individual dimension (founder and former owner) of psychologicalownership as well as its collective dimension (employees toward founder). The paper contributes to thepsychological ownership founder and exit-literatures by highlighting continuity after the formal sale of legalownership and its consequences for the organization.Practical implications – It finds that new legal owners can use this heritage to signal continuity andlaunch strategic changes by transforming it into artifacts.Originality/value – This study extends the understanding of development of psychological ownership offounders from foundation to exit and its consequences for the organization’s strategy. This extension shedsnew light on founders as artifacts of organizations and thereby their role for the organizational heritage.

  • 38.
    Hinteregger, Christoph
    et al.
    School of Management, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.
    Durst, Susanne
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Temel, Serdal
    Department of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey.
    Yesilay, Rustem Baris
    Aviation Higher Vocational School, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey.
    The impact of openness on innovation in SMEs2019Inngår i: International Journal of Innovation Management, ISSN 1363-9196, E-ISSN 1757-5877, Vol. 23, nr 1, artikkel-id 1950003Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The study of modes of open innovation in smaller companies is still in the development phase. This study responds to this situation and, drawing upon a data set from 4,679 Turkish small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), explores the influence of inbound open innovation and coupled open innovation on marketing innovation as well as process and organisational innovation in SMEs. Results reveal major differences between small and medium-sized Turkish enterprises with regard to both marketing innovation as well as process and organisational innovation. While inbound open innovation positively influences both, marketing as well as process and organisational innovation, the effects for small-sized enterprises are even higher than for medium-sized ones. Coupled open innovation positively influences both innovation outcomes as well, although the effects for medium-sized enterprises are significantly higher than for smaller ones.

  • 39.
    Gadolin, Christian
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    The Influence of Policy Makers over Lean Implementations in Healthcare2019Inngår i: International Journal of Health Governance, ISSN 2059-4631, Vol. 24, nr 3, s. 222-229Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – It is often argued that Lean enables the challenges of contemporary healthcare delivery to be tackled in relation to consistently high-quality care, while utilizing the full potential of available resources. Nevertheless, system-wide implementations of Lean are notoriously difficult and the desired results are often not achieved. Policy makers play a pivotal role in enabling healthcare organizations to enact more precise strategies and frameworks through steering professionals toward both adopting guidelines and becoming more comfortable with Lean as an improvement technique. However, the difficulties in achieving system-wide implementations of Lean indicate their shortcomings in this respect. The purpose of this paper is to outline how these shortcomings may be manifested empirically. Design/methodology/approach – A qualitative content analysis of Swedish counties’ annual reports with regard to how the implementation of Lean is presented and