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  • 1.
    Bertilsson, Erik
    et al.
    University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Svensson, Erik
    University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Högberg, Dan
    University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Hanson, Lars
    Department of Product and Production Development, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden / Industrial Development, Scania CV, Södertälje, Sweden.
    Use of digital human modelling and consideration of anthropometric diversity in Swedish industry2010In: Proceedings of the 42nd annual Nordic Ergonomic Society Conference, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This  paper  study  and  clarify  problems,  needs  and  opportunities  when  working  with anthropometric  diversity  in  digital  human  modelling  (DHM)  systems.  A  comparison between  product  development  and  production  development  in  Swedish  automotive industry is made. Interviews with DHM users and ergonomics specialists about their way of working with anthropometric diversity confirmed that simulations are often done with only one or  a  few  human models.  The reason for  this  is  claimed  to  be  time  consuming processes, both at the creation of the human model but mainly when correctly positioning the model in the CAD environment.

  • 2.
    Svensson, Erik
    et al.
    University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Bertilsson, Erik
    University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Högberg, Dan
    University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Hanson, Lars
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Anthropometrics and Ergonomics Assessment in the IMMA Manikin2010In: Proceedings of the 3rd Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE) International Conference / [ed] Gavriel Salvendy, Waldemar Karwowski, Louisville: AHFE International , 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Digital Human Modeling (DHM) tools are useful for simulating human work and proactively evaluating ergonomic conditions. IMMA (Intelligently Moving Manikin) is a project that aims to develop software that combines digital human modeling and path planning. The work in the IMMA project is divided into a number of work packages that gradually increases the complexity of the problem. This poster paper regards both the functionality for ergonomics assessment and consideration of anthropometric diversity in the DHM tool being developed. Reviews of current DHM tools and interviews with DHM users and ergonomics specialists were done to clarify problems, needs and opportunities when working with anthropometrics and ergonomics evaluations. Interviews showed that simulations and following evaluations are almost solely based on static postures and with few human models. The main reason for this is claimed to be complex and time consuming processes when creating and evaluating simulations. Both the review of current DHM tools and the interviews confirmed that there is an evident need for more time-dependant evaluation methods and a better coverage of the intended users’ diversity. Attained knowledge from the analysis of current DHM tools and interviews are used to create work processes and two specific modules intended to be implemented in the new IMMA DHM tool. Key issues for the modules are ease of use and flexibility. The overall objective with the IMMA DHM system is to offer a tool that support faster and more correct ergonomics analyses.

  • 3.
    Svensson, Erik
    et al.
    University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Bertilsson, Erik
    University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Högberg, Dan
    University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Hanson, Lars
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Review of the incorporation, utilization and future demands of ergonomic evaluation methods in Digital Human Modelling2010In: Proceedings of the 42nd annual Nordic Ergonomic Society Conference: Proactive Ergonomics - implementation of ergonomics in planning of jobs, tasks, systems and environments, 2010, p. D1-6-D1-10Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study reviews assessment methods in DHM tools and explore the utilization of these methods in  industry. Interviews  with  DHM  users  and  ergonomics  specialists  within the Swedish  automotive  industry  showed  that  simulations  and  following  evaluations  are almost  solely  based  on  static  postures.  Integrated  evaluation  tools  in  current  DHM systems are seldom utilized; instead they use company specific evaluation methods. Both the  review  of current  DHM  tools and  the  interviews  confirmed that  there is  an  evident need  for  more  time-dependant  evaluation  methods.  The  results  are  used  to  present  a conceptual DHM module dealing with time-dependant ergonomics assessment. 

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