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  • 1.
    Andersson, Ingalill
    et al.
    Department of Internal Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Grönberg, AnneMarie
    Department of Internal Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Slinde, Frode
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Bosaeus, Ingvar
    Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Dept Clin Nutr, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Larsson, Sven
    Department of Internal Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Vitamin and mineral status in elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease2007In: Clinical Respiratory Journal, ISSN 1752-6981, E-ISSN 1752-699X, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 23-29Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Eating problems are common in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and intake of micronutrients might be lower than recommended. Objective: To study dietary intake, serum and urinary concentration of trace elements and vitamins in elderly underweight patients with established severe COPD. Methods: Outpatients at a university clinic for lung medicine, with COPD, 70-85 years old, with no other serious disease, and with a body mass index (BMI) of similar to 20 kg/m(2) and an FEV(1) of < 50 % predicted were recruited. Body composition and bone density were evaluated with dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Dietary intake was studied by a trained dietitian using diet-history interview. Blood and urine samples were analysed for various vitamins and trace elements. Results: Seventeen of 30 recruited patients took part. Osteoporosis or osteopaenia was found in 16 patients. Dietary intake of energy and macronutrients was in line with recommendations for healthy individuals. Intake of protein did not meet recommendations for COPD patients. Intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids was lower than recommended and intake of saturated fatty acids was higher than recommended. Mean intake of vitamin D and folic acid was far below recommendations. Serum concentrations for folic acid and methylmalonate and plasma concentrations for homocysteine were below normal in several patients. Conclusion: Intake of vitamin D and calcium is often low in older COPD patients, which might contribute to osteoporosis. Low intake of folic acid might also be a problem. The results support prophylaxis with calcium, vitamin D and folic acid.

  • 2.
    Arvidsson, D.
    et al.
    Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Dept Clin Nutr, SE-40530 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Slinde, Frode
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Larsson, S.
    Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Dept Internal Med Respirat Med & Allergology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hulthén, L.
    Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Dept Clin Nutr, SE-40530 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Energy cost of physical activities in children: Validation of SenseWear Armband2007In: Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, ISSN 0195-9131, E-ISSN 1530-0315, Vol. 39, no 11, p. 2076-2084Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: To examine the validity of SenseWear Pro2 Armband in assessing energy cost of physical activities in children, and to contribute with values of energy costs in an overview of physical activities in children. METHODS: Energy cost was assessed by SenseWear Pro2 Armband in 20 healthy children, 11-13 yr, while lying down resting, sitting playing games on mobile phone, stepping up and down on a step board, bicycling on a stationary bike, jumping on a trampoline, playing basketball, and walking/running on a treadmill at the speeds 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 10 km x h(-1). During these activities, energy cost was also assessed from VO2 and VCO2 measured by Oxycon Mobile portable metabolic system, which was used as criterion method. RESULTS: The difference in energy cost between SenseWear Pro2 Armband and Oxycon Mobile was -0.7 (0.5) (P < 0.001) for resting, -2.0 (0.9) (P < 0.001) for playing games on mobile phone, -6.6 (2.3) (P < 0.001) for stepping on the step board, -12.0 (3.7) (P < 0.001) for bicycling, -2.7 (11.9) (P = 0.34) for jumping on the trampoline, and -14.8 (6.4) kJ x min(-1) (P < 0.001) for playing basketball. The difference in energy cost between SenseWear Pro2 Armband and Oxycon Mobile for increasing treadmill speed was 1.3 (3.1) (P = 0.048), 0.1 (2.9) (P = 0.82), -1.2 (2.6) (P = 0.049), -1.6 (3.2) (P = 0.044), -3.1 (3.7) (P = 0.0013), -4.9 (3.7) (P < 0.001), -5.3 (3.7) (P < 0.001), and -11.1 (3.5) kJ x min(-1) (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: SenseWear Pro2 Armband underestimated energy cost of most activities in this study, an underestimation that increased with increased physical activity intensity. A table of energy costs (MET values) of physical activities in children measured by indirect calorimetry is presented as an initiation of the creation of a compendium of physical activities in children

  • 3.
    Arvidsson, Daniel
    et al.
    Department of Clinical Nutrition, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Slinde, Frode
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences. Department of Clinical Nutrition, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Larsson, Sven
    Department of Internal Medicine/Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hulthén, Lena
    Department of Clinical Nutrition, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Energy Cost in Children Assessed by Multisensor Activity Monitors2009In: Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, ISSN 0195-9131, E-ISSN 1530-0315, Vol. 41, no 3, p. 603-611Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     Purpose: The SenseWear Pro2 Armband (SWA; BodyMedia, Inc., Pittsburg, PA), the Intelligent Device for Energy Expenditure and Activity (IDEEA; Minisun LLC, Fresno, CA), and the ActiReg (AR; PreMed AS, Oslo, Norway) were compared with indirect calorimetry to determine the ability of these devices to assess energy cost in children during resting and different physical activities. Methods: Fourteen children, 11–13 yr old, wore the SWA, the IDEEA, and the AR during resting, sitting, stationary bicycling, jumping on a trampoline, playing basketball, stair walking, and walking/running along a 50-m track. The Oxycon Mobile portable metabolic system (VIASYS Healthcare, Conshohocken, PA) was used as the criterion method for energy cost. Results: For resting and sitting, the three activity monitors showed comparable results, but none of them accurately assessed energy cost for stationary bicycling, jumping on a trampoline, or playing basketball. The IDEEA was the only activity monitor that accurately assessed energy cost for stair walking. Also, the IDEEA showed a close estimate of energy cost across the walking and the running intensities, whereas the SWA accurately assessed energy cost for slow to normal walking but showed increased underestimation of energy cost with increasing speed. The AR overestimated energy cost during walking and during slow running but did not respond to increasing running speed. Conclusions: To be able to capture children’s physical activity, all three activity monitors need to be further developed. Overall, the IDEEA showed the highest ability to assess energy cost in this study, but SWA may be more feasible for use in children under free-living conditions.

     

  • 4.
    Slinde, Frode
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Vad behöver du för information för att göra ett bra arbete som dietist2007In: Dietistaktuellt, ISSN 1102-9285, Vol. 18, no 5, p. 28-28Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 5.
    Slinde, Frode
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Karlsson, Sara
    Gothenburg Univ, Sahlgrenska Acad, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Klingberg, Sofia
    Gothenburg Univ, Sahlgrenska Acad, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hulthén, Lena
    Gothenburg Univ, Sahlgrenska Acad, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Svantesson, Ulla
    Gothenburg Univ, Sahlgrenska Acad, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Large Variation In Energy Expenditure In Swedish Elite Athletes2008In: Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, ISSN 0195-9131, E-ISSN 1530-0315, Vol. 40, no 5, p. S248-S249Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Slinde, Frode
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Suber, Cathrine
    Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Inst Neurosci & Physiol & Physiotherapy, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Suber, Louise
    Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Inst Neurosci & Physiol & Physiotherapy, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Elam Edwén, Cecilia
    Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Inst Neurosci & Physiol & Physiotherapy, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Svantesson, Ulla
    Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Inst Neurosci & Physiol & Physiotherapy, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Test-retest reliability of three different countermovement jumping tests2008In: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, ISSN 1064-8011, E-ISSN 1533-4287, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 640-644Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In studies of physical performance comprising muscle strength and power, a vertical jump is a test method that frequently is used. It is important to have access to accurate measuring tools providing data with high reproducibility. Studies have shown that body composition also may play an important part in physical performance. The purpose of this study was to determine test-retest reliability for 3 different kinds of vertical jumps and to correlate jump height with body composition. Thirty-four normally trained subjects (women n = 17) between 18 and 25 years participated. Test-retest, on 3 kinds of vertical jumps, was performed with a median of 7 days between jumps. Methods used were a countermovement jump (CMJ) on a contact mat, with and without arm swing, and an Abalakow jump (AJ) using measuring tape, with arm swing. Body composition was assessed with the use of bioelectric impedance analysis. The results showed that high intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) were observed between testing occasions for all 3 vertical jumps (ICC between 0.48 and 0.88). The AJ in women presented the lowest ICC. Also the correlation between CMJ and AJ was high (rs = 0.88). Moderate-to-high correlations could be shown between body composition and CMJ in women (rs = -0.57-0.76). In conclusion, very high test-retest reliability for CMJ on a contact mat was found. For the AJ using a measuring tape, ICC were overall high, but a moderate nonsignificant ICC were found in women, indicating poor reproducibility. The data from the CMJ and AJ may be compared if approximately 25% of the AJ value is subtracted. In practice, this means that vertical jump tests have high reproducibility and can be used as measures of power development.

  • 7.
    Slinde, Frode
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Svantesson, Ulla
    Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology/Physiotherapy, Sahlgrenska Academy, Göteborg University, Sweden.
    Dietitians and physiotherapists necessary in rehabilitation of elderly [1]2007In: Scandinavian Journal of Food and Nutrition, ISSN 1748-2976, E-ISSN 1748-2984, Vol. 51, no 2, p. 85-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Slinde, Frode
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences. Department of Clinical Nutrition, Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Svensson, Anna
    Department of Clinical Nutrition, Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Grönberg, Anne-Marie
    Department of Internal Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Nordenson, Anita
    Department of Internal Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Hulthén, Lena
    Department of Clinical Nutrition, Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Larsson, Sven
    Department of Internal Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Reproducibility of indirect calorimetry in underweight patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease2008In: e - SPEN: the European e-journal of clinical nutrition and metabolism, ISSN 1751-4991, Vol. 3, no 2, p. e40-e45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background & aimsStudies have shown that reproducibility of indirect calorimetry in healthy subjects is high, but none have studied this in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The aim was to examine the reproducibility of indirect calorimetry in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients and to compare measured resting metabolic rate to prediction equations of resting metabolic rate.

    MethodsResting metabolic rate was assessed twice the same week and was also predicted using four different equations in 41 (30 women, 11 men) underweight patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

    ResultsThere was no statistical significant difference between the two measurement occasions. The mean between-day coefficient of variation was 4.1%. The difference between occasions of indirect calorimetry was 50 kJ with limits of agreement −740–640 kJ. The prediction equation assessing the largest part (68.3%) of the patient group within 90%–110% of measured resting metabolic rate was based on fat free mass.

    ConclusionsReproducibility of indirect calorimetry to assess resting metabolic rate in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is high and prediction of resting metabolic rate shows poor agreement with measured resting metabolic rate. This finding underlines the importance of follow up of nutritional care.

1 - 8 of 8
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