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  • 1.
    Hedenstierna, Philip
    et al.
    University of Skövde.
    Hilletofth, Per
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Hilmola, Olli-Pekka
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Design of a Framework for Inventory Control - Evaluation of Forecasting and Inventory Control Systems2009In: Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing 2009 (FAIM 2009) / [ed] Farhad Nabhani, Catherine Frost, Sara Zarei, Munir Ahmad, William G. Sullivan, Curran Associates, Inc., 2009, p. 573-580Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Managing inventories so that overall costs are kept low, while service levels are maintained is the central issue of inventory control, which only regulates two things: the size and the timing of orders. This is typically executed through a planning method, such as the reorder point system or, less frequently, the periodic order quantity system. These take into account a forecast, supposed to gauge the average future demand, and a predetermined safety stock, buffering against forecast errors and demand uncertainty. Pure demand also influences the system, as transactions affect the inventory level. It is crucial to understand how a complete system of demand, forecasts, safety stock calculations and planning methods work together to measure service level and overall cost of the system. This paper outlines a framework for the unambiguous representation of the relations between methods that interpret environmental parameters to plan orders. A number of simulations based on the framework are run to show, how the integration of the inventory control functions may affect the overall performance of the system. The usefullness of the framework lies in its ability to make a system duplicable (i.e. to transfer an inventory control system to a simulation model, or vice versa). Not only is this property important for creating simulation models that exactly depict the system being analysed, it also enables the study of a complete system for order planning, as opposed to optimising individual methods. Studying an inclusive system allow the same metrics to be used to evaluate changes to any method in the system. Another benefit of this approach is that the system's metrics directly reflect changes in the environment. Simulations based on this framework are precise and substantially easier to evaluate than models not adhering to any standard.

  • 2.
    Hedenstierna, Philip
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Hilletofth, Per
    University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Hilmola, Olli-Pekka
    University of Skövde. Lappeenranta University of Technology, Kouvola Research Unit, Kouvola, Finland.
    Integrative purchasing and inventory control at sawnwood retailer - case study2011In: International Journal of procurement management, ISSN 1753-8432, E-ISSN 1753-8440, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 139-155Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purchasing order methods and inventory control are vital elements in fulfilling customer orders and building internal performance; this is particularly the case in retailing operations. In this manuscript, we develop different scenarios for various order methods for a wood retailer, where the performance of the different methods is evaluated through simulation, whereupon the fit between environments and methods is compared. Our results indicate that only simple environments follow analytical cost and service level calculations, while increasing complexity increases the synchronisation need between forecasts and reordering methods. In our research we also compare different ordering methods, and find that while the reorder point method is the most robust solution from the retailer’s perspective, it could lead to distortion within entire wood supply chain.

  • 3.
    Hilletofth, Per
    University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Demand-supply chain management: industrial survival recipe for new decade2011In: Industrial management + data systems, ISSN 0263-5577, E-ISSN 1758-5783, Vol. 111, no 2, p. 184-211Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to enhance the current understanding and knowledge of the demand-supply chain management (DSCM) concept by determining its elements, benefits, and requirements, and by illustrating its occurrence in practice.

    Design/methodology/approach – This research has utilized a literature and case study research strategy. The case study has involved an international manufacturing company from the appliance industry. Empirical data have been collected mainly from in-depth interviews with key persons representing senior and middle management in the case organization.

    Findings – This research has established that the main elements of DSCM include market orientation, coordination of the demand and supply processes, viewing the demand and supply processes as being equally important, as well as value creation, differentiation, innovativeness, responsiveness, and cost efficiency in the demand and supply processes. It has also been revealed that the main benefits of DSCM include enhanced competitiveness, enhanced demand chain performance, and enhanced supply chain performance, while the main requirements of DSCM include organizational competences, company-established principles, demand-supply chain collaboration, and information technology support.

    Research limitations/implications – This research is explorative in nature, and more empirical data, from similar and other research settings, are needed to further validate the findings. Another limitation of the research is that it is limited to one Swedish company; however, the involved case company has a large international presence and is among the top three in its industry, which provides some ground for the generalization. A final limitation of the research is that the involved company only represents one industry.

    Practical implications – This paper provides insights useful to researchers and practitioners on how to develop a demand-supply oriented business. It highlights that firms should organize themselves around understanding how customer value is created and delivered and how these processes and management directions can be coordinated. The demand and supply processes have to be considered as equally important and the firm needs to be managed by the demand side and supply side of the company jointly in a coordinated manner.

    Originality/value – The need to coordinate the demand and supply processes has been emphasized in both the demand and supply chain literature but still remained relatively unexplored; thus, this paper contributes by investigating this matter further.

  • 4.
    Hilletofth, Per
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Aslam, Tehseen
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Hilmola, Olli-Pekka
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre. Lappeenranta University of Technology, Kouvola Research Unit, Kouvola, Finland.
    Multi-agent-based supply chain management: a case study of requisites2010In: International Journal of Networking and Virtual Organisations, ISSN 1470-9503, E-ISSN 1741-5225, Vol. 7, no 2/3, p. 184-206Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Supply Chains (SCs) are becoming increasingly complex, and intensified competition in the end markets has started to create a situation where cooperation requirements between companies are increasing, and old mechanistic operations management solutions are becoming obsolete. In this paper we analyse a real-life situation in Alpha’s manufacturing plant in Sweden, which serves northern European countries in consumer markets. Case study findings reveal that the product-mix flexibility requirements are high and lead-time requirements in manufacturing as well as purchasing take weeks or months, not days. Based on the empirical observations, we propose an agent system for this company and discuss different levels of decision making, operative responsibilities and decision time horizons.

  • 5.
    Hilletofth, Per
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. Logistik.
    Ericsson, Dag
    Demand Chain Management: Next Generation of Logistics Management?2007In: Conradi Research Review, ISSN 1459-0980, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 1-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the literature several authors argue that there is a need for a new generation of logistics management since the business environment has changed. This new management philosophy identifies consumers and their requirements as starting point for all supply chain activities and has more properly been termed Demand Chain Management (DCM). The purpose of this paper is to analyze if DCM should be regarded as the next generation of logistics management and furthermore to illustrate its usefulness in practice through case study of Swedish appliance manufacturer. Literature review and case study findings show that DCM is not merely a development of the logistics principles, but rather an integration of marketing and supply chain operations. It is needed in volatile and consumer-oriented environments, which require higher levels of customized products, faster product development and commercialization together with supply, manufacturing and distribution on demand.

  • 6.
    Hilletofth, Per
    et al.
    University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Ericsson, Dag
    School of Engineering, University College of Borås, Sweden.
    Hilmola, Olli-Pekka
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Kouvola, Finland.
    Hedenstierna, Philip
    University of Skövde.
    New Product Development in a Manufacturing Company - A Challenge for Supply Chain Management2009In: Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing / [ed] Farhad Nabhani, Teesside University , 2009, p. 1169-1177Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The last decades a new type of business environments has evolved characterized by rapid and volatile demand changes, short product life cycles, and high levels of customized products. The competitiveness of a business in these environments is mostly determined by its responsiveness. This is characterized by the ability to quickly scale up or down the production volume, the presence of an innovative and fast product development, and the quick incorporation of customer requirements into the product development. This paper employs a descriptive single case study approach to illustrate how product development is structured and executed in an international manufacturing company, seeking to realize an innovative, predictable, and efficient product development. The objective is to increase the understanding of how product development and product life-cycles are connected to Supply Chain Management (SCM). Case study findings reveal that the case company after implementing a strategic and structured Product Creation Process (PCP) has improved the efficiency and effectiveness of product development. Findings also reveal that the case company has not yet developed any linkages between product development and SCM. Still, the case company has become aware of this issue due to problems associated with the lack of integration between product development and SCM.

  • 7.
    Hilletofth, Per
    et al.
    University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Eriksson, David
    School of Engineering, University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Coordinating new product development with supply chain management2011In: Industrial management + data systems, ISSN 0263-5577, E-ISSN 1758-5783, Vol. 111, no 2, p. 264-281Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to form an understanding of how new product development (NPD) relates to supply chain management (SCM), why the two fields should be coordinated, and how this may be done.

    Design/methodology/approach – This research uses a literature review and case study research. The case study considers a Swedish company that operates on a global basis in the furniture industry. Empirical data have been collected mainly from in-depth interviews with key persons representing senior and middle management in the case company.

    Findings – This paper stresses the need to produce innovative, value-adding products, as well as the necessity to quickly deliver them to the market. Companies that face mature business environments may encounter problems due to a high emphasis on either the value-creation processes, or on the value delivery processes. Therefore, NPD activities need to be coordinated with SCM activities on a strategic level, lest competitiveness will be lost.

    Research limitations/implications – The research is limited to one case company; replication studies would enhance understanding of the studied phenomenon. There is a wide need for research exploring how various parts of demand and supply chains should be managed in order to fully utilize the advantages of the consumer-oriented enterprise.

    Practical implications – This paper provides insights for researchers and practitioners on how to coordinate and balance NPD (demand side) with SCM (supply side) activities. It highlights that companies should organize themselves around understanding how consumer value is created and how these processes may be coordinated to provide that value. The two processes must be given equal attention and importance to avoid sub-optimization.

    Originality/value – The need for coordinating NPD and SCM activities has been emphasized in the literature but still remains relatively unexplored. This paper contributes by investigating this issue further.

  • 8.
    Hilletofth, Per
    et al.
    University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Hilmola, Olli-Pekka
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. Lappeenranta University of Technology, Kouvola Research  Unit, Kouvola, Finland.
    Role of Emerging Markets in Demand-Supply Chain Management2010In: Proceedings of the 15th annual Cambridge International Manufacturing Symposium: Innovation in global manufacturing - New models for sustainable value capture / [ed] Mike Gregory, Jagjit Singh Srai, Yongjiang Shi, Cambridge: University of Cambridge, Institute for Manufacturing , 2010, p. 1-16Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research aims to enhance the current understanding and knowledge of the demand-supply chain management (DSCM) concept by determining its elements, benefits, and requirements, and by illustrating its occurrence in practice. In addition, it aims to shed light on the role of emerging markets in this management approach. We examine DSCM through thorough literature review, analyze second hand financial data from world-class actors, and provide single case study analysis from Swedish manufacturing company operating on an international basis in the appliance industry. This research has established that the main elements of DSCM include market orientation, coordination of the demand and supply processes, viewing the demand and supply processes as equally important, value creation in the demand and supply processes, differentiation in the demand and supply processes, innovativeness in the demand and supply processes, responsiveness in the demand and supply processes, and cost-efficiency in the demand and supply processes. Furthermore, it has been revealed that the main benefits of DSCM include enhanced competiveness, enhanced demand chain performance, and enhanced supply chain performance. Moreover, it has been shown that the main requirements of DSCM include organizational competences, company established principles, demand-supply chain collaboration, and information technology support. Research also shows that emerging markets are used significantly to lower costs in the sourcing and manufacturing parts of the supply chain. Based on case study DSCM approach with long implementation time and increased costs (of marketing and product development) will lead into situation, where emerging low cost producers in markets have even higher responsibility from brand supplies, so instead of component production larger entities are in their responsibility. However, this offshoring will occur only in limited extent – significant manufacturing activity of DSCM companies still remains near of most important markets, like Europe.

  • 9.
    Hilletofth, Per
    et al.
    University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Jäger, Kerstin
    University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    The role of logistics service providers in the implementation of a differentiated supply chain2011In: International Journal of Shipping and Transport Logistics, ISSN 1756-6517, E-ISSN 1756-6525, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 151-167Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research investigates the role of logistics service providers in the implementation of a differentiated supply chain. The issue is examined through a multiple case study combined with a literature review. The research shows that logistics service providers can support companies with the implementation of a differentiated supply chain in sourcing and distribution parts by providing services that the company is incapable to provide, by providing certain services more efficiently or by providing complementing services. In some situations, the logistics service provider is even responsible for the entire implementation and should continuously develop the logistics process and customised service according to the company’s market situation. Eurasian transportation flows are nowadays an important part of most supply chains and needs to be considered in this differentiation work. Logistics service providers operating in these flows can support the differentiation by providing more customised and differentiated transportation services and there is a demand for more transportation alternatives in these flows.

  • 10.
    Hilletofth, Per
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Lorentz, Harri
    Logistics, Turku School of Economics, Turku, Finland.
    Savolainen, Ville-Veikko
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Kouvola Research Unit, Kouvola, Finland.
    Hilmola, Olli-Pekka
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Kouvola Research Unit, Kouvola, Finland.
    Ivanova, Oksana
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Section of Logistics, Lappeenranta, Finland.
    Using Eurasian Landbridge in Logistics Operations: Building Knowledge through Case Studies2007In: World Review of Intermodal Transportation Research (WRITR), ISSN 1749-4729, E-ISSN 1749-4737, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 183-201Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research concerns about the use of Eurasia as a landbridge for container traffic. We present case study findings concerning European-Asian transportation, and this reveals that the lead time advantage of landbridges (with respect of its costs) would be suitable for a manufacturer, but malfunctioning parts of harbours and railway transports hinder the potential of this alternative. Findings from demanding manufacturing logistics are further verified with a case study concerning a Finnish retailer having increasingly important presence in Russian markets. Retailer used to favour railways (~early part of Eurasian corridor) but has nowadays configured distribution operations to favour road transports.

  • 11.
    Hilletofth, Per
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Lättilä, Lauri
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland.
    Agent based decision support in the supply chain context2011In: Proceedings of the 3rd Rapid Modeling Conference, Leuven, Belgium, 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Hilletofth, Per
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Lättilä, Lauri
    Kouvola Research Unit, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Kouvola, Finland.
    Hilmola, Olli-Pekka
    Kouvola Research Unit, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Kouvola, Finland.
    Agent Based Decision Support in Manufacturing Supply Chain2009In: Agent and Multi-Agent Systems: Technologies and Applications: Third KES International Symposium, KES-AMSTA 2009, Uppsala, Sweden, June 3-5, 2009. Proceedings / [ed] Anne Håkansson, Ngoc Thanh Nguyen, Ronald L. Hartung, Robert J. Howlett, Lakhmi C. Jain, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2009, p. 677-686Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Supply Chain Management (SCM) is becoming increasingly complex and an intensified competition in the end-markets has started to create a situation where co-operation requirements between companies in a Supply Chain (SC) are increasing. The old mechanistic operations management solutions are becoming obsolete and advanced decision support is increasingly needed to realize efficient and effective management of complex SCs. The objective of this research is to contribute to the understanding of how Agent Based Modeling (ABM) can advance decision making and to discuss why ABM should be regarded as method to realize Information Fusion (IF). In this research work an agent based model of SCM has been implemented in a simulation platform to provide an approach for evaluation of decision and management alternatives. Research shows that this kind of decision support system is based on IF, since it collects and fuses information from different sources into a situation image that provides effective support for human decision making

  • 13.
    Hilletofth, Per
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Lättilä, Lauri
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Kouvola Unit, Finland.
    Ujvari, Sandor
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Hilmola, Olli-Pekka
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Kouvola Unit, Finland.
    Agent-based decision support in maintenance service operations2009In: Proceedings of the 16th International Annual EurOMA Conference, Göteborg, Sweden, 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Hilletofth, Per
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Ujvari, Sandor
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Hilmola, Olli-Pekka
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Information Fusion in Maintenance Planning2007In: Proceedings of the Swedish Production Symposium, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: Industrial production service organisations, companies maintaining production machines and whole processes as well as factories, are in great demand of productivity and profitavility improvement. Usually performance in these organisations arises from high utilization of personnel, superior engineering knowledge and purchasing expertise/power. However, small and medium sized

    maintenance service providers mostly differate themselves with two first mentioned items. In this paper we will propose information fusion cockpit to be used in the SME maintenance organisation to enhance problem solving, demand visibility and resource need estimates – hopefully this will enhance the performance of a case organisation. As a key input variable to manage large amount of different customers we identify incoming calls to trigger information collection from vast number of different databases – the integration of this incoming “demand” is the first step to be taken in the use of more advanced systems. We also speculate in this paper, how agent based artificial intelligence could be used in order to take full benefit from more advanced system.

  • 15.
    Hilletofth, Per
    et al.
    University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Ujvari, Sandor
    University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Johansson, Ronnie
    University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Agent-Based Simulation Fusion for Improved Decision Making for Service Operations2009In: Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Information Fusion, IEEE , 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We use agent-based modeling and simulation to fuse data from multiple sources to estimate the state of some system properties. This implies that the real system of interest is modeled and simulated using agent principles. Using Monte-Carlo simulation, we estimate the values of some decision-relevant numerical properties, such as utilization of resources and service levels, as a decision support for a Maintenance Service Provider. Our initial results indicate that this kind of fusion of information sources can improve the understanding of the problem domain (e.g. to what degree some critical properties influence service operations) and also generate a basis for decision-making.

  • 16.
    Into, Camilla
    et al.
    University of Skövde.
    Zetterberg, Stefan
    University of Skövde.
    Hilletofth, Per
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Transitlager som en strategi i ett globalt distributionssystem2009In: PLANs forsknings- och tillämpningskonferens 2009: Effektiva och lönsamma försörjningskedjor: Artiklar från konferensen på Växjö universitet 19-20 augusti 2009, Stockholm: PLAN Logistikföreningen , 2009, p. 93-103Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Distributionen har kommit att bli en nyckelfaktor i dagens logistiksystem i och med att företag önskar uppnå skalfördelar i sin produktion genom fokuserade fabriker samtidigt som dagens kunder kräver alltmer kundanpassade produkter och leveranser till kortare ledtider. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka om transitlagerstrategin, som ett komplement till den centraliserade och den decentraliserade distributionsstrategin, kan erbjuda företag konkurrensfördelar. Studien visar att transitlagerstrategin kan ge stora konkurrensfördelar genom att den erbjuder relativt korta leveranstider utan att produkterna behöver lagerhållas lokalt, vilket ger lägre lagerhållningskostnader och en lägre kapitalbindning. För att lyckas med strategin krävs en god planering, kundsamarbete, marknadskännedom och ett informationssystem som klarar av att stödja strategin.

  • 17.
    Into, Camilla
    et al.
    Akzo Nobel.
    Zetterberg, Stefan
    University of Skövde.
    Hilletofth, Per
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Transitlager som en strategi i ett globalt distributionssystem2010In: Bättre Produktivitet, ISSN 1402-1145, no 5, p. 12-16Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Distributionen har kommit att bli en nyckelfaktor i dagens logistiksystem i och med att företag önskar uppnå skalfördelar i sin produktion genom fokuserade fabriker samtidigt som dagens kunder kräver alltmer kundanpassade produkter och leveranser till kortare ledtider. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka om transitlagerstrategin, som ett komplement till den centraliserade och den decentraliserade distributionsstrategin, kan erbjuda företag konkurrensfördelar. Transitlagerstrategin kan ge stora konkurrensfördelar genom att den erbjuder relativt korta leveranstider utan att produkterna behöver lagerhållas lokalt, vilket ger lägre lagerhållningskostnader och en lägre kapitalbindning. För att lyckas med strategin krävs en god planering, kundsamarbete, marknadskännedom och ett informationssystem som klarar av att stödja strategin.

  • 18.
    Jensen, Åsa
    et al.
    Volvo Powertrain, Skövde.
    Palm, Lena
    Volvo Powertrain, Skövde.
    Claesson, Frida
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Hilletofth, Per
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Supply Chain Planning in Automotive Sector: Swedish Case Study2010In: Proceedings of the PLAN Research Conference / [ed] Sandor Ujvari, Logistikföreningen PLAN , 2010, p. 53-72Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research aims to enhance current knowledge of supply chain planning (SCP) by analyzing the importance of collaboration, information exchange and a supporting information system in its successful execution. The issues are examined through a case study from international manufacturing company, Volvo Powertrain, which operates in automotive industry through its worldwide manufacturing network. This research reveals that collaboration is a complex and important issue of SCP, and occurs simultaneously in vertical and horizontal dimensions. It is important to select strategic partners and to develop structured work processes and routines. The main objective of collaboration is to determine common goals and objectives and to facilitate the exchange of information and these together drives the performance of a supply chain. A sufficient information system supporting the SCP is vital to facilitate collaboration, and information exchange between the different supply chain participants. However, currently in Volvo Powertrain quite many phases of SCP are completed without appropriate and integrated information systems and the process itself contains several manual phases. This study is explorative in nature and more empirical data, from similar and other research settings, is needed to further validate the findings. However, its empirical findings strengthen research discipline knowhow of SCP in global manufacturing companies. This research provides insight to managers and practitioners on how to coordinate operations planning and control (OPC) across organizations within the supply chain to enhance efficiency and effectiveness. The SCP procedures described in this research work also are valuable for Volvo Powertrain and other industrial actors to further develop processes to respond on competitive pressure. This research work empirically demonstrates, as very few before have done so, how OPC can be coordinated across the supply chain.

  • 19.
    Jäger, Kerstin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Ujvari, Sandor
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Hermansson, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Hilletofth, Per
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Logistics actors - Key issues for a service developer2008In: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing / [ed] Leo J. de Vin, Amos H.C. Ng, Peter Thorvald, William G. Sullivan, Munir Ahmad, Skövde, Sweden: University of Skövde , 2008, Vol. 2, p. 1329-1336Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Szekely, Bulcsu
    et al.
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Kouvola Research Unit, Finland.
    Saranen, Juha
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Kouvola Research Unit, Finland.
    Hilmola, Olli-Pekka
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Kouvola Research Unit, Finland.
    Toikka, Tero
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Kouvola Research Unit, Finland.
    Hilletofth, Per
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Globalization and International Division of Work: New Ways of Co-operation within Lean Production Networks – Evidence from Russia, Finland & Sweden2008In: Fourth International Railway Logistics Seminar: Co-operation among Transportation Modes in Northern Europe / [ed] Olli-Pekka Hilmola, Lappeenranta University of Technology , 2008, p. 181-198Conference paper (Other academic)
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  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf