his.sePublikasjoner
Endre søk
Begrens søket
1 - 24 of 24
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Treff pr side
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
Merk
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 1.
    Dewdney, Chris
    et al.
    University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, UK.
    Pylkkänen, Paavo
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Systembiologi.
    Basil Hiley Festschrift Introduction2013Inngår i: Foundations of physics, ISSN 0015-9018, E-ISSN 1572-9516, Vol. 43, nr 4, s. 409-411Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 2.
    Dewdney, Chris
    et al.
    University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, UK.
    Pylkkänen, PaavoHögskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Systembiologi.Atmanspacher, Harald
    Basil Hiley Festschrift2013Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 3.
    Hiley, Basil J.
    et al.
    Birkbeck College, University of London, United Kingdom.
    Pylkkänen, Paavo
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information.
    Can Mind Act on Matter via Active Information?2005Inngår i: Mind and Matter, ISSN 1611-8812, E-ISSN 2051-3003, Vol. 3, nr 2, s. 7-27Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Mainstream cognitive neuroscience typically ignores the role of quantum physical effects in the neural processes underlying cognition and consciousness. However, many unsolved problems remain, suggesting the need to consider new approaches. We propose that quantum theory, especially through an ontological interpretation due to Bohm and Hiley, provides a fruitful framework for addressing the neural correlates of cognition and consciousness. In particular, the ontological interpretation suggests that a novel type of “active information”, connected with a novel type of “quantum potential energy”, plays a key role in quantum physical processes. After introducing the ontological interpretation we illustrate its value for cognitive neuroscience bydiscussing it in the light of a proposal by Beck and Eccles about how quantum tunneling could play a role in controlling the frequency of synaptic exocytosis. In this proposal, quantum tunneling would enable the “self” to control its brain without violating the energyconserv ation law. We argue that the ontological interpretation provides a sharper picture of what actuallycould be taking place in quantum tunneling in general and in synaptic exocytosis in particular. Based on the notions of active information and quantum potential energy, we propose a coherent way of understanding how mental processes (understood as involving non-classical physical processes) can act on traditional, classicallydescribable neural processes without violating the energy conservation law.

  • 4.
    Pylkkänen, Paavo
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för biovetenskap. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Systembiologi. The Academy of Finland Center of Excellence in the Philosophy of the Social Sciences (TINT), University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Can Bohmian Quantum Information Help us to Understand Consciousness?2016Inngår i: Quantum Interaction: 9th International Conference, QI 2015, Filzbach, Switzerland, July 15-17, 2015, Revised Selected Papers / [ed] Harald Atmanspacher, Thomas Filk, Emmanuel Pothos, Springer Publishing Company, 2016, s. 76-87Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper explores whether David Bohm’ s proposal about quantum theoretical active information, and the mind-matter scheme he developed on the basis of it, can help us to explain consciousness (Bohm and Hiley 1987, 1993; Bohm 1989, 1990 ; Pylkkänen 2007 ). Here it is important to acknowledge that other researchers in philosophy of mind and consciousness studies have also made use of the concept of information in their theories of mind and consciousness. For example, Dretske (1981 ) and Barwise and Seligman (1997 ) have explored the possibility that information in the sense of factual semantic contents (i.e. information as meaningful data that represents facts correctly or incorrectly) can be grounded in environmental information (i.e.information as mere correlation, e.g. the way tree rings carry information about age). For Dretske this was an important part of his attempts to give a naturalistic account of sensory experiences, qualia and consciousness. During recent years the notion of information has been used to explain consciousness most notably by David Chalmers (1996 ), as well as by Giulio Tononi and his co-workers (Tononi and Koch 2014 ; Oizumi, Albantakis and Tononi 2014 ). The strategy of this paper will be to first describe Bohm’ s mind-matter scheme, and then to briefl y consider Chalmers’  and Tononi et al.’ s ideas in the light of this scheme.

  • 5.
    Pylkkänen, Paavo
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information.
    Can quantum analogies help us to understand the process of thought?2004Inngår i: Being and Brain: At the Boundary between Science, Philosophy, Language and Arts, Benjamins , 2004, s. 167-197Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 6.
    Pylkkänen, Paavo
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för biovetenskap. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Systembiologi. Department of Philosophy, History, Culture and Art Studies University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Can quantum analogies help us to understand the process of thought?2014Inngår i: Mind and Matter, ISSN 1611-8812, E-ISSN 2051-3003, Vol. 12, nr 1, s. 61-91Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 7.
    Pylkkänen, Paavo
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information.
    Cognition, the implicate order and rainforest realism2012Inngår i: Futura, ISSN 0785-5494, Vol. 31, nr 2, s. 74-83Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 8.
    Pylkkänen, Paavo
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för biovetenskap. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Systembiologi. Department of Philosophy, History, Culture and Art Studies, Finland & Academy of Finland Center of Excellence in the Philosophy of the Social Sciences (TINT), University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Consciousness in the light of quantum theory2016Inngår i: Consciousness: Integrating Eastern and Western Perspectives / [ed] Prem Saran Satsangi, Stuart Hameroff, Vishal Sani, Pami Dua, New Delhi: New Age Books , 2016, s. 23-34Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the theme “quantum approaches to consciousness” by considering the work of one of the pioneers in the field. The physicist David Bohm (1917-1992) not only made important contributions to quantum physics, but also had a long-term interest in interpreting the results of quantum physics and relativity in order to develop a general world view.  His idea was further that living and mental processes could be understood in a new, scientifically and philosophically more coherent way in the context of such a new world view. This paper gives a brief overview of different – and sometimes contradictory - aspects of Bohm’s research programme, and evaluates how they can be used to give an account of topics of interest in contemporary consciousness studies, such as analogies between thought and quantum processes, the problem of mental causation, the mind-body problem and the problem of time consciousness. 

  • 9.
    Pylkkänen, Paavo
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information.
    David Bohm och den vetenskapliga andan2010Inngår i: Bortom tro och vetande: Tankar från en dialog / [ed] Hans Liljenström & Alf Linderman, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2010, s. 127-142Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 10.
    Pylkkänen, Paavo
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information.
    Does dynamical modelling explain time consciousness?2007Inngår i: Computation, information, cognition: The nexus and the liminal / [ed] Susan Alice Jane Stuart & Gordana Dodig Crnkovic, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2007, s. 218-229Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 11.
    Pylkkänen, Paavo
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information.
    Escaping the prison of language2007Inngår i: Communication, action, meaning: a Festschrift to Jens Allwood / [ed] Elisabeth Ahlsén, Göteborgs Universitet , 2007Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    What role might the structure of language play in our perception and conception or reality? This central question of traditional metaphysics was given a new twist by David Bohm's experimentation with a new mode of language, the rheomode, which gives the verb the basic role in the structure of language. This paper briefly describes Bohm's experiment and discusses some of its ramifications.

  • 12.
    Pylkkänen, Paavo
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för biovetenskap. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Systembiologi. University of Helsinki.
    Fundamental Physics and the Mind – Is There a Connection?2015Inngår i: Quantum Interaction 2014: 8th International Conference, QI 2014, Filzbach, Switzerland, June 30 - July 3, 2014. Revised Selected Papers / [ed] Harald Atmanspacher, Claudia Bergomi, Thomas Filk, Kirsty Kitto, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2015, s. 3-11Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent advances in the field of quantum cognition (Pothos and Busemeyer 2013; Wang et al. 2013) suggest a puzzling connection between fundamental physics and the mind. Many researchers see quantum ideas and formalisms merely as useful pragmatic tools, and do not look for deeper underlying explanations for why they work. However, others are tempted to seek for an intelligible explanation for why quantum ideas work to model cognition. This paper first draws attention to how the physicist David Bohm already in 1951 suggested that thought and quantum processes are analogous, adding that this could be explained if some neural processes underlying thought involved non-negligible quantum effects. The paper next points out that the idea that there is a connection between fundamental physics and the mind is not unique to quantum theory, but was there already when Newtonian physics was assumed to be fundamental physics, advocated most notably by Kant. Kant emphasized the unique intelligibility of a Newtonian notion of experience, and this historical background prompts us to ask in the final part of the paper whether we can really make sense of any quantum-like experience (whether experience of the empirical phenomena in the external worldor the inner worldof psychological phenomena). It is proposed that intelligibility is a relative notion and that, regardless of initial difficulties, quantum approaches to cognition and consciousness are likely to provide valuable new ways of understanding the mind.

  • 13.
    Pylkkänen, Paavo
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information.
    Implications of Bohmian Quantum Ontology for Psychopathology2010Inngår i: NeuroQuantology, ISSN 1303-5150, Vol. 8, nr 1, s. 37-48Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the prospects of quantum psychiatry from a Bohmian point of view, which provides an ontological interpretation of quantum theory, and extends such ontology to include mind. At first, we discuss the more general relevance of quantum theory to psychopathology. The basic idea is that because quantum theory emphasizes the role of wholeness, it might be relevant to psychopathology, where breakdown of unity in the mental domain is a key feature. We then discuss the role of information in psychopathology, and consider the connections with quantum theory in this area. In particular, we discuss David Bohm’s notion of active information, which arises in the ontological interpretation of quantum theory, and is suggested to play a fundamental role as the bridge between mind and matter. Some such bridge is needed if we are to understand how subtle mental properties are able to influence more manifest physical properties in the brain (all the way to the molecular and possibly microtubular level), and how changes in those possibly quantum-level physical processes are able to influence higher cognitive functions. We also consider the implications of the notion of active information for psychopathology. The prospects of implementing the Bohmian scheme in neuroquantal terms are then briefly considered. Finally, we discuss some possible therapeutic implications of Bohm’s approach to information and the relation of mind and matter.

  • 14.
    Pylkkänen, Paavo
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information.
    Is quantum theory relevant to the study of consciousness?2007Inngår i: Futura, ISSN 0785-5494, Vol. 26, nr 3, s. 90-93Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 15.
    Pylkkänen, Paavo
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för biovetenskap. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Systembiologi. Department of Philosophy, History, Culture and Art Studies, Academy of Finland Center of Excellence in the Philosophy of the Social Sciences (TINT), University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
    Is there room in quantum ontology for a genuine causal role of consciousness?2017Inngår i: The Palgrave Handbook of Quantum Models in Social Science: Applications and Grand Challenges / [ed] Emmanuel Haven and Andrei Khrennikov, Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, s. 293-317Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Western philosophy and science have a strongly dualistic tradition regarding the mental and physical aspects of reality, which makes it difficult to understand their possible causal relations. In recent debates in cognitive neuroscience it has been common to claim on the basis of neural experiments that conscious experiences are causally inefficacious. At the same time there is much evidence that consciousness does play an important role in guiding behavior. The author explores whether a new way of understanding the causal role of mental states and consciousness could be provided by the ontological interpretation of the quantum theory (Bohm and Hiley, Phys. Rep. 144:323–348, 1987; Bohm and Hiley, The undivided universe: An ontological interpretation of quantum theory. Routledge: London, 1993). This interpretation radically changes our notion of matter by suggesting that a new type of active information plays a causal role at the quantum level of reality. The author thus considers to what extent the alleged causal powers of consciousness involve information, and then moves on to consider whether information in (conscious) mental states can be connected to the information at the level of quantum physics. In this way he sketches how quantum theory might help to throw light upon one of the grand challenges facing the social sciences and the humanities, namely the question of whether consciousness plays any genuine causal role in the physical world.

    Fulltekst tilgjengelig fra 2020-03-01 01:00
  • 16.
    Pylkkänen, Paavo
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information.
    Keeping it all together2004Inngår i: Contemporary psychology: APA review of books, ISSN 1554-0138, Vol. 49, nr 1, s. 99-101Artikkel, omtale (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 17.
    Pylkkänen, Paavo
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information.
    Mind, Matter and the Implicate Order2006 (oppl. 1)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 18.
    Pylkkänen, Paavo
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för biovetenskap. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Systembiologi. University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Quantum Theories of Consciousness2018Inngår i: The Routledge Handbook of Consciousness / [ed] Rocco J. Gennaro, Taylor & Francis, 2018, 1, s. 216-231Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 19.
    Pylkkänen, Paavo
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för biovetenskap. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Systembiologi. University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Quantum theory, active information and the mind-matter problem2015Inngår i: Contextuality from Quantum Physics to Psychology / [ed] E. Dzhafarov, S. Jordan, R. Zhang and V. Cervantes, New Jersey: World Scientific, 2015, s. 325-334Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Bohm and Hiley suggest that a certain new type of active information plays a key objective role in quantum processes. This paper discusses the implications of this suggestion to our understanding of the relation between the mental and the physical aspects of reality.

  • 20.
    Pylkkänen, Paavo
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för biovetenskap. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Systembiologi. University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
    The crisis of intelligibility in physics and the prospects of a new form of scientific rationality2017Inngår i: On the Human Condition: Philosophical Essays in Honour of the Centennial Anniversary of Georg Henrik von Wright / [ed] Ilkka Niiniluoto & Thomas Wallgren, Helsinki: The Philosophical Society of Finland , 2017, s. 373-399Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 21.
    Pylkkänen, Paavo
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för biovetenskap. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Systembiologi. Department of Philosophy, History, Culture and Art Studies & The Academy of Finland Center of Excellence in the Philosophy of the Social Sciences (TINT), University of Helsinki, Finland.
    The quantum epoché2015Inngår i: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology, ISSN 0079-6107, E-ISSN 1873-1732, Vol. 119, nr 3, s. 332-340Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The theme of phenomenology and quantum physics is here tackled by examining some basic interpretational issues in quantum physics. One key issue in quantum theory from the very beginning has been whether it is possible to provide a quantum ontology of particles in motion in the same way as in classical physics, or whether we are restricted to stay within a more limited view of quantum systems, in terms of complementary but mutually exclusive phenomena. In phenomenological terms we could describe the situation by saying that according to the usual interpretation of quantum theory (especially Niels Bohr's), quantum phenomena require a kind of epoche (i.e. a suspension of assumptions about reality at the quantum level). However, there are other interpretations (especially David Bohm's) that seem to re-establish the possibility of a mind-independent ontology at the quantum level. We will show that even such ontological interpretations contain novel, non-classical features, which require them to give a special role to phenomenaor appearances, a role not encountered in classical physics. We will conclude that while ontological interpretations of quantum theory are possible, quantum theory implies the need of a certain kind of epoche even for this type of interpretations. While different from the epoche connected to phenomenological description, the quantum epochenevertheless points to a potentially interesting parallel between phenomenology and quantum philosophy.

  • 22.
    Pylkkänen, Paavo
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för biovetenskap. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Systembiologi. Department of History, Philosophy, Culture and Art Studies & Academy of Finland Center of Excellence in the Philosophy of the Social Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
    The role of Eastern approaches in David Bohm's scientific-philosophical odysseia2017Inngår i: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology, ISSN 0079-6107, E-ISSN 1873-1732, Vol. 131, s. 171-178Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 23.
    Pylkkänen, Paavo
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för biovetenskap. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Systembiologi. University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Weak vs. Strong Quantum Cognition2015Inngår i: Advances in Cognitive Neurodynamics (IV): Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Cognitive Neurodynamics - 2013 / [ed] Hans Liljenström, Dordrecht: Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 2015, s. 411-418Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent decades some cognitive scientists have adopted a program of quantum cognition. For example, Pothos and Busemeyer (PB) argue that there are empirical results concerning human decision-making and judgment that can be elegantly accounted for by quantum probability (QP) theory, while classical (Bayesian) probability theory fails. They suggest that the reason why QP works better is because some cognitive phenomena are analogous to quantum phenomena. This naturally gives rise to a further question about why they are analogous. Is this a pure coincidence, or is there a deeper reason? For example, could the neural processes underlying cognition involve subtle quantum effects, thus explaining why cognition obeys QP? PB are agnostic about this controversial issue, and thus their kind of program could be labeled as “weak quantum cognition” (analogously to the program of weak artificial intelligence as characterized by Searle). However, there is a long tradition of speculating about the role of subtle quantum effects in the neural correlates of cognition, constituting a program of “strong quantum cognition” (SQC) or “quantum cognitive neuroscience”. This paper considers the prospects of SQC, by briefly reviewing and commenting on some of the key proposals. In particular, Bohm and Hiley’s active information program will be discussed.

  • 24.
    Pylkkänen, Paavo
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för biovetenskap. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningscentrum för Systembiologi. University of Helsinki.
    Hiley, Basil
    University of London.
    Pättiniemi, Ilkka
    University of Helsinki.
    Bohm's approach and individuality2015Inngår i: Individuals Across the Sciences / [ed] Guay, A. and Pradeu, T., Oxford University Press, 2015, s. 226-249Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

     Ladyman and Ross (LR) argue that quantum objects are not individuals

    (or are at most weakly discernible individuals) and use this idea

    to ground their metaphysical view, ontic structural realism, according

    to which relational structures are primary to things. LR acknowledge

    that there is a version of quantum theory, namely the Bohm theory

    (BT), according to which particles do have denite trajectories at all

    times. However, LR interpret the research by Brown et al.  as implying

    that "raw stuff" or haecceities  are needed for the individuality of

    particles of BT, and LR dismiss this as idle metaphysics. In this paper

    we note that Brown et al.'s research does not imply that haecceities

    are needed. Thus BT remains as a genuine option for those who seek

    to understand quantum particles as individuals. However, we go on to

    discuss some problems with BT which led Bohm and Hiley to modify it.

    This modified version underlines that, due to features such as context-dependence

    and non-locality, Bohmian particles have a very limited

    autonomy in situations where quantum effects are non-negligible. So

    while BT restores the possibility of quantum individuals, it also underlines

    the primacy of the whole over the autonomy of the parts. The

    later sections of the paper also examine the Bohm theory in the general

    mathematical context of symplectic geometry. This provides yet

    another way of understanding the subtle, holistic and dynamic nature

    of Bohmian individuals. We finally briefly consider Bohm's other main 

    line of research, the "implicate order", which is in some ways similar to

    LR's structural realism.

1 - 24 of 24
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf