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  • 1.
    Gill-McLure, Whyeda
    et al.
    Management Research Centre, Wolverhampton Business School, University of Wolverhampton, Wolverhampton, United Kingdom.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Reconstructing resistance and renewal in public service unionism in the twenty-first century: lessons from a century of war and peace2018In: Labor history, ISSN 0023-656X, E-ISSN 1469-9702, Vol. 59, no 1, p. 3-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This special issue uses the occasion of the centenary of the Whitley Commission Reports to illuminate the contemporary crisis in public service industrial relations from a historical perspective. In all six countries studiedBritain, France, Germany, Italy, Sweden and the USApublic service employment is labour intensive and quantitatively significant in the overall economy. Public services have also been major targets of neoliberal reforms, starting in the UK and the USA at the turn of the 1980s and in the other countries about a decade later. In addition, the relatively high union density and the political dimension of public services and public union strategies have been major targets of new public management and more latterly austerity. However, the regressive period has had a differential impact in different countries. In the liberal market economies of the UK and the USA, the neoliberal turn has destabilised traditional patterns of public sector industrial relations to greatest effect. While in the more coordinated market economies, traditional arrangements and values have been more resistant to austerity and neoliberal reforms. We attempt to shed light on these differential impacts through a critical analysis of the historical evolution of public sector industrial relations in each country.

  • 2.
    Müller, Andrea
    et al.
    University of Tübingen, Germany.
    Ramos-Vielba, Irene
    University of Tübingen, Germany.
    Schmidt, Werner
    University of Tübingen, Germany.
    Thörnquist, Annette
    University of Tübingen, Germany.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Public sector labour relations in four European countries compared: Long-term convergence and short-term divergences?2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on the impact of the 2007/2008 financial and economic crisis on the public sector and its labour relations in Spain, the UK, Sweden and Germany. The analysis of the contextual background - general and societal economic developments as well as industrial relations - in which such transformations happened embeds the comparison of the four country case studies. Our findings show that the crisis and austerity policies furthered some short-term divergent developments of the public sectors in the countries considered but long-term convergence can be also expected. Some theoretical conclusions from these mixed developments in the aftermath of the crisis are drawn.

  • 3.
    Schmidt, Werner
    et al.
    FATK, Tubingen, Germany.
    Mueller, Andrea
    FATK, Tubingen, Germany.
    Ramos-Vielba, Irene
    FATK, Tubingen, Germany / Univ Politecn Valencia, INGENIO CSIC UPV, Valencia, Spain.
    Thoernquist, Annette
    FATK, Tubingen, Germany .
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future. FATK, Tubingen, Germany.
    Austerity and public sector trade union power: Before and after the crisis2019In: European journal of industrial relations, ISSN 0959-6801, E-ISSN 1461-7129, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 129-145Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We use a power resources approach to examine the effects of the 2008-2009 financial and economic crisis on public sector trade union power in Germany, Spain, Sweden and the UK, comparing structural, organizational, institutional, societal and political power resources before and after the crisis. Unions' power resources have (at least temporarily) weakened in Spain, with a similar but less pronounced trend in the UK; whereas in Sweden and Germany, one can detect ambiguous but slightly positive signals, which reflect neither the crisis nor opposition to austerity. As well as structural, organizational and institutional power resources, societal and political resources are decisive for public sector trade unions.

  • 4.
    Schmidt, Werner
    et al.
    FATK, Tübinger Forschungsinstitut für Arbeit, Technik und Kultur, Germany.
    Müller, Andrea
    FATK, Tübinger Forschungsinstitut für Arbeit, Technik und Kultur, Germany.
    Ramos-Vielba, Irene
    FATK, Tübinger Forschungsinstitut für Arbeit, Technik und Kultur, Germany.
    Thörnquist, Annette
    FATK, Tübinger Forschungsinstitut für Arbeit, Technik und Kultur, Germany.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Finanzmarktkrise und Arbeitsbeziehungen im öffentlichen Sektor: Deutschland, Grossbritannien, Schweden und Spanien2018 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Thörnquist, Annette
    et al.
    Research Institute for Work, Technology and Culture, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Do public sector industrial relations challenge the Swedish model?2018In: Labor history, ISSN 0023-656X, E-ISSN 1469-9702, Vol. 59, no 1, p. 87-104Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses recent developments in public sector labour relations in Sweden from a historical, gender and power relations perspective. The main question is whether these trends challenge the established Swedish industrial relations system. Our point of departure - yet chronologically also the point of arrival - is the Swedish Municipal Workers' Union, Kommunal's, exit from the coordinated wage setting model within the Swedish Trade Union Confederation (Landsorganisationen, LO) in 2015/2016. The immediate reason was that Kommunal, representing one-third of the LO members, including many low-paid women, turned down the LO's proposal on a general wage increase for low-wage groups. Instead, Kommunal urged to upgrade wages for a specific member group, the auxiliary nurses. This broke an almost uninterrupted 20-year-long period of labour market cooperation and coordination that was introduced in 1997 through the so-called Industry Agreement (Industriavtalet). This agreement was launched in the wake of the deep financial crisis in the early 1990s, and the neoliberal move towards a complete decentralization of pay negotiations. How should this move by Kommunal be interpreted? Why, and when, has the centralized system become a straitjacket for Kommunal, when for decades it seemingly was a precondition for both private and public union strength?

  • 6.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Bogus Self-employment in the European Union2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Globalization and International Labor Solidarity—: Introduction to a Theme2014In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 1-10Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Inte självklart att lagstiftning leder till färre strejker2018In: Dagens Arena, article id 2018-07-04Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Diskussionen om hamnkonflikten i Göteborg har hittills saknat ett historiskt perspektiv. I denna essä visar forskaren Christer Thörnqvist att lagstiftning tidigare varit ineffektiv mot arbetsmarknadskonflikter, men däremot har uppenbara risker.

  • 9.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    The Nordic Labour Market Model (In japanese)2017In: 北欧福祉国家モデルは持続可能か? The Nordic Welfare Model - Still Sustainable?: Five Exceptions and Policy Cooperation / [ed] Klaus Petersen, Stein Kuhnle, Pauli Kettunen, Yoko Otsuka, Akio Kamiko, Kyoto: Minerva Shobou, 2017, 1, p. 296-326Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Utredning med varningsflagg2018In: ArbetetArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Företrädare för fack och arbetsgivare säger att risken för gula fack är minimal. Men lagar stiftas för framtiden och hur kommande generationer av arbetsgivare agerar finns det inga garantier för. Att ändra i strejkrätten för med sig stora risker, skriver Christer Thörnqvist, docent i arbetsvetenskap.

  • 11.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Welfare States and the Need for Social Protection of Self-Employed Migrant Workers in the European Union2015In: International Journal of Comparative Labour Law and Industrial Relations, ISSN 0952-617X, E-ISSN 1875-838X, Vol. 31, no 4, p. 391-410Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    So-called bogus – or false – self-employment has been increasingly highlighted as a problem within the European Union (EU), especially since the first eastern expansion in 2004. Although the concept is not fully clear in legal terms, a common denominator of most definitions is that bogus self-employment can be seen as ‘disguised employment’, occurring when someone who has an employee status in practice is not classified as an employee, in order to hide the actual legal status and to avoid costs such as taxes and social security contributions. In the light of different welfare systems, industrial relations and EU legislation, this article discusses this issue, drawing empirically on findings from a project about precarious employment in twelve EU countries. Although there are some fairly strict definitions of the ‘employee concept’ within the EU, the difficulties of identifying the employer leave the bogus self-employed in a legal limbo. No European Social Model has curtailed this problem, despite an expressed desire to address all aspects of precarious work. However, the inclusion of all ‘self-employed’ workers within social insurance systems and workers with an employee status in practice seems possible also under existing EU regulations. It is rather a matter of goodwill and the resources to scrutinize the terms and conditions of employment.

  • 12.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Andersson Bäck, Monica
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Hamark, Jesper
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Suède: brève histoire du syndicalisme et défis actuels2016In: Syndicats et dialogue social: Les modèles occidentaux à l'épreuve / [ed] Dominique Andolfatto & Sylvie Contrepois, Bruxelles: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2016, p. 263-283Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Bergholm, Tapio
    Helsingin yliopisto, Finland.
    Mellberg, Margaretha
    Högskolan på Gotland.
    The May Day Tradition in Finland and Sweden2016In: The Ritual of May Day in Western Europe: Past, Present and Future / [ed] Abby Peterson and Herbert Reiter, Routledge, 2016, 1, p. 75-105Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Bernhardsson, Sebastian
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Their own stories - how Polish construction workers posted to Sweden experience their job situation, or resistance versus life projects2015In: Transfer - European Review of Labour and Research, ISSN 1024-2589, E-ISSN 1996-7284, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 23-36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study draws primarily on in-depth interviews with nine male Polish construction workers posted to Sweden in the early 2010s. The emphasis lies on their own experiences of being exposed to what they saw as unjust working conditions, and why they accept them or react against them. The overarching research questions are why Polish workers go to Sweden, and, more importantly, why they stay even when they feel unfairly treated or directly cheated by their employers. The main points of interest are wages, work environment, employment contracts and relations with different labour market players, including the EU. It was very clear that none of the Polish workers had ever heard of the EU Posted Workers Directive. Still, the lack of serious resistance, our study argues, was not because of poor knowledge about their legal rights, but was linked to a wish to fulfil a ‘life project’ back home in Poland, such as building a house, starting a company, being able to afford to start a family and raise children, or saving for retirement. This wish helped the workers to swallow ‘unfair’ treatment.

  • 15.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Fransson, Susanne
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Women and Wildcats: Unofficial Women’s Strikes in Sweden in the 1970s and 1980s2015In: Workers of the World: International Journal on Strikes and Social Conflict, ISSN 2182-8938, Vol. 1, no 6, p. 64-83Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    While the strike propensity in manufacturing declined in the 1980s and 1990s, it remained high or even increased in services, health care, education and so on. Thegrowing portion of tertiary sector employment has further moved the searchlight from men to women, as the demographic transformation in work has promoted a feminization of strikes. However, what if we go back in history, to when strikes and industrial conflict was still mainly a men’s concern? Did women go on strike at all, and if so, how did their strikes differ from the overall pattern? The 1970s was the decade of “resurgence of class conflict” in Western societies, including Sweden, with an outstanding upsurge of strikes in many countries. There is an affluence of studies of both the 1970s strike-waves and single strikes in this rebellious decade, but few of them deal with female-dominated strikes. This article explores women’s strikes in Sweden in the 1970s and 1980s with special attention to the treatment in the Labour Court, since the article finds a remarkable difference in legal outcome between “male” and “female” strikes.

  • 16.
    Woolfson, Charles
    et al.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Fudge, Judy
    University of Kent, UK.
    Thörnqvist, Christer
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Migrant precarity and future challenges to labour standards in Sweden2014In: Economic and Industrial Democracy, ISSN 0143-831X, E-ISSN 1461-7099, Vol. 35, no 4, p. 695-715Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fears of a ‘race to the bottom’ in labour standards may have been overstated. Nevertheless, using Sweden as a case study, it is argued that the diminished capacity of trade unions to defend labour standards following the Laval judgement of the European Court of Justice, together with a decline in trade union density, a limited remit of enforcement authorities and recent changes to the Swedish labour migration regime, may have detrimental impacts on labour standards, particularly in low-skill low-wage occupations. In combination, these developments are creating new spaces for migrant precariousness within the context of a formerly well-regulated Swedish labour market model.

1 - 16 of 16
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