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  • 1.
    Grek, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping International Business School.
    Olsson, Michael
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    The Digital Divide in Sweden2009Inngår i: The geography of innovation and entrepreneurship: revised papers presented at the 12th Uddevalla Symposium, 11-13 June, 2009, Bari, Italy / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, University West , 2009, s. 509-524Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A new technology gradually spreads into a population. When only some individuals use a new technology, we have a technological divide. All citizens should be able to perform their duties and exercise their rights. From a policy point of view, it is of clear interest to find out if the introduction of a new technology leaves some persons behind. In this paper, we present information about the internet use in Sweden 2000 and 2006 by category. We find evidence of a digital divide for both years. By comparing the two years, we find that the digital divide got smaller during this period. We present forecasts for the use of internet and the outcome is that the digital divide will be negligible around 2050. The analysis clearly identifies the characteristics related to lagging behind. In that way, the digital divide is an easy policy target.

    There are two distinctly different ways to handle the digital divide. The first is simply to accept the situation as it is. If some persons pay their bills over the internet and others pay in the traditional way, both systems have to be functional. The second is to close down all traditional systems. Then many persons will not be able to participate in the democracy in a complete way. This could be solved by giving individuals with certain characteristics a computer, internet connections, schooling, and all technical support needed (including getting it all to work). Obviously, it is also an option to choose a midway policy.

  • 2.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    et al.
    CESIS, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping, Sweden / Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden / University of Southern Denmark, Sönderborg, Denmark.
    Olsson, Michael
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Functional Economic Regions, Accessibility and Regional Develop­mentManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we first present how one can create functional economic regions. Then, we elaborate on the economic activity and spatial interaction, which forms functional regions, and the development of the system of functional regions. Our presentation shows that the economy is structured in functional regions, and hence it is important to use functional regions in economic studies, in order to produce correct results, and for regional policy, in order for the policy to be effective. We observe, that the often used NUTS-regions are very large compared to the functional regions. We argue, therefore, that the use of NUTS-regions ought to be replaced by the use of functional regions. This would lead to more reliable results and better policy outcomes.

  • 3.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    et al.
    Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Olsson, Michael
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle. The Swedish Unemployment Insurance Board (IAF), Katrineholm, Sweden.
    The identification of functional regions: theory, methods and applications2006Inngår i: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 40, nr 1, s. 1-18Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A functional region is characterised by a high frequency of intra-regional interaction. The text analyses how functional regions can be identified by using labour market data. Three approaches are applied in this task, named the local labour market, commuting zone, and accessibility approach, respectively. The text includes an application using the Fyrstad region. The situation is also studied at two points in time. The outcomes using the different approaches are compared, and the results combined have a richer flavour.

  • 4.
    Laitila, Thomas
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Business, Örebro, Sweden.
    Lundgren, Marie
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Olsson, Michael
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    A Model of Commuting and the Economic Milieu: An Analysis Using Aggregared Data for Sweden2014Inngår i: Uddevalla Symposium 2014: Geography of Growth. The Frequency, Nature and Consequences of Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Regions of Varying Density: Revised papers presented at the 17th Uddevalla Symposium  12–14 June, 2014, Uddevalla, Sweden / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West, Högskolan Väst , 2014, s. 549-562Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 5.
    Laitila, Thomas
    et al.
    Örebro University.
    Lundgren, Marie
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Olsson, Michael
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    A model of commuting and the economic milieu: an analysis using aggregated data for Sweden2018Inngår i: Transportation, Knowledge and Space in Urban and Regional Economics / [ed] Kakuya Matsushima, William P. Anderson, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, s. 299-316Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 6.
    Laitila, Thomas
    et al.
    Örebro University.
    Lundgren, Marie
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande.
    Olsson, Michael
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande.
    Commuting and the Economic Milieu: An Investigation of the Chocice to Commute Related to Labor Demand, Worker Competition and Wage2015Inngår i: Regional Development in an International Context: Regional, National, Cross Border and International Factors for Growth and Development / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2015, s. 369-380Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We calculate aggregate economic-milieu variables and use them as explanatory variables to study the Swedish commuting pattern. The variables are of accessibility type (i.e. spatially discounted) and are logarithmic ratios. We start from the assumption of utility maximizing individuals. The probability to commute using a link increases with expected utility. We apply two models: the quantity model and the wage model. The explanatory power is high and the results are as expected. Labor demand is positively related to utility. Worker competition is negatively related to utility. Wage is positively related to utility. A municipality, which isnot a regional center, can strive to increase the number of jobs within the municipality. The second best, for such a municipality, is that jobs are available in the municipality that is the regional center. Otherwise, the municipality and region will economically decline.

  • 7.
    Lundgren, Marie
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Olsson, Michael
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Economies of Scale and Space in Public Service2011Inngår i: 14th Uddevalla Symposium 2011: Entrepreneurial Knowledge, Technology and Transformation of Regions / [ed] Bernhard, I., University West , 2011, s. 491-500Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 8.
    Olsson, Michael
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    A Nested Approach to Satisfaction with Life2011Inngår i: 14th Uddevalla Symposium: Entrepreneural Knowledge, Technology and Transformation of Regions / [ed] Bernhard, I., University West , 2011, s. 571-581Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the wellbeing literature, different authors use different terminology. Commonly used terms are happiness, subjective wellbeing, satisfaction with life and the good life. In the literature, you also find many different ideas regarding how to explain individual happiness. I find these ideas confusing. I think that much of the confusion originates from misinterpreting survey answers. The aspirations model of happiness cannot explain three stylized facts. The aspirations model is inconsistent. In this paper, I propose a new model of satisfaction with life. This model creates some order and can explain the three stylized facts. It turns out that we do not need aspirations to explain the stylized facts. The conclusion is that aspirations may exist, but they may not be as important as suggested by earlier literature.

  • 9.
    Olsson, Michael
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Att analysera och rapportera ekonomi: Från idé till presentation2016 (oppl. 1:1)Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Att analysera och rapportera ekonomi handlar om vanliga arbetsuppgifter för en ekonom: att bygga modeller, genomföra analyser samt skriva och presentera rapporter. Boken består av två delar: Ekonomiska modeller och rapporter samt Laborationer.

    Del ett handlar om hur du bygger modeller, skriver och presenterar rapporter. Här förklaras alla moment som gör att du kan komma från idé till rapport. Förutom rena färdigheter beskrivs förhållningssättet till att skriva och presentera. Till varje kapitel finns övningar och i slutet av boken ett facit. Del två består av laborationer där du övar på att komma från idé till rapport. Här presenteras även en beskrivning av hur en idé kan uppkomma och det kan hjälpa dig att själv få ett uppslag till en rapport. Bokens andra del fungerar även som underlag för seminariediskussioner om uppsatsskrivande och ekonomisk analys.

    Boken förklarar tydligt och enkelt praktiska färdigheter som en ekonom behöver i sitt dagliga arbete. Den vänder sig till dig som vill kunna bygga modeller för att analysera problem, skriva rapporter och skapa presentationer med Excel, Word och PowerPoint och kan användas som komplement i introduktionskurser i ekonomi, men även i kurser mer inriktade på modellering eller skrivande t.ex. uppsatskurser på fördjupnings- och avancerad nivå. Boken kan läsas på flera sätt beroende på läsarens färdighetsnivå, såväl som en komplett guide från idé till rapport som en uppslagsbok för den som vill ha snabba tips. Att analysera och rapportera ekonomi ger läsaren de verktyg som behövs för att lyckas med ekonomisk uppsats eller rapport.

  • 10.
    Olsson, Michael
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Country Welfare and the Political Game2011Inngår i: 13th Uddevalla Symposium 2010: Innovation and Multidimensional Entrepreneurship - Economic, Social and Academic Aspects / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, University West , 2011, s. 417-430Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We measure country welfare by an index number calculated from welfare components like GDP per capita and expected length of life. We rank countries from high to low welfare using such estimated welfare indices. In such calculation the chosen welfare components, the procedures used to normalize them, and the weight structure are important. Changing the components, the normalization procedures, or the weight structure change the welfare indices and it may in the next step also alter the rank order. In this paper, I present information about the importance of the weight structure, and the normalization procedure, taking the welfare components that follow I extract the rank order for each structure. The result of this procedure is a rank order distribution for each country. In this paper, I present the rank order distribution for some countries. For example: According to the human development index Sweden is ranked at 7th place. With random weights Sweden is ranked as high as fifth place in 5.1 per cent of the cases, and as low as 14th in 13.6 per cent of the cases, with the mean rank equal to 9.8. The ruling political parties and the political opposition can choose weights and normalization procedure to favor their argument, even though they start from the same data.

  • 11.
    Olsson, Michael
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Ekonomisk effektiv högskoleutbildning - en studie om ekonomiska resurser, studentpopulationens egenskaper och pedagogik.2008Inngår i: PUH - Pedagogiska utvecklingsprojekt i högskolan 2008: Ett samarbete mellan Västra Götalands högskolor / [ed] Sigrén, P., Västra Götalands högskolor , 2008, s. 47-52Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 12.
    Olsson, Michael
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Free versus monitored job search in Sweden2012Inngår i: The Regional Economics of Knowledge and Talent / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Börje Johansson & Roger R. Stough, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2012, s. 194-209Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 13.
    Olsson, Michael
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    Functional regions in gravity models and accessibility measures2016Inngår i: Moravian Geographical Reports, ISSN 1210-8812, Vol. 24, nr 2, s. 60-70, artikkel-id 011Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Accessibility measures are useful for studies in Economic Geography. For example, accessibility to potential customers can be used in a study of firm behaviour. In such a study, it would be relevant to consider where potential customers live. This can be accomplished by splitting the accessibility measure into three parts: accessibility within the municipality, in other municipalities within the functional region, and in other regions. Many studies have proved this to be a very useful way to incorporate the spatial structure of the economy into economic studies. This paper deals with the issue of finding the distance-friction parameters needed to calculate such accessibility measures. There is a particular distance-friction parameter for interaction within the municipality, between municipalities within the functional region, and between regions. One way to find the distance-friction parameters is to solve a constrained gravity model, in which the functional regions are used as constraints. Both the models and the optimisation procedures in matrix form, and the Matlab programs used in the research are presented. The spatial constraints are gradually introduced into the models, which empowers the researcher to make such adjustments on their own. The data set used is available for downloading, and the reader can then try the models before creating a data set of their own

  • 14.
    Olsson, Michael
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Geographical and Occupational Mobility: Effects on matching2007Inngår i: Uddevalla symposium 2006: entrepreneurship and development - local processes and global patterns : papers presented at the 9th Uddevalla Symposium, 15-17 June, 2006, Fairfax, VA, USA / [ed] Iréne Johansson, Department of Economics and Informatics, University West , 2007, s. 531-545Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 15.
    Olsson, Michael
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    How robust are estimated welfare?: An investigation of ranking of European countries, based on welfare indices calculated using random weights2010Inngår i: 12th Annual SNEE European Integration Conference in Mölle, Swedish Network for European Studies in Economics and Business (SNEE) , 2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We measure country welfare by an index number calculated from welfare components like GDP per capita and expected length of life. We rank countries from high to low welfare using such estimated welfare indices. In such calculation the chosen welfare components, the procedures used to normalize them, and the weight structure are important. Changing the components, the normalization procedures, or the weight structure change the welfare indices and it may in the next step also alter the rank order. In this paper, I present information about the importance of the weight structure, and the normalization procedure, taking the welfare components as given. I draw one million random weight structures and from the welfare indices that follow I extract the rank order for each structure. The result of this procedure is a rank order distribution for each country. In this paper, I present the rank order distribution for some countries. For example: According to the human development index Sweden is ranked at 7th place. With random weights Sweden is ranked as high as fifth place in 5.1 per cent of the cases, and as low as 14th in 13.6 per cent of the cases, with the mean rank equal to 9.8.

  • 16.
    Olsson, Michael
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Matching in the labour market: modelling spatial aspects of the Swedish unemployment benefit rules2009Inngår i: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 43, nr 2, s. 345-363Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, some consequences of the Swedish unemployment benefit rules are studied. This is achieved by introducing geographical mobility into a labour market matching model. Jobseekers and vacancies are unevenly distributed across space. Therefore, both the probability that a jobseeker will find a job and the probability that a vacancy is filled during a period vary across locations. Moreover, these differences are followed by spatial differences in both the duration of unemployment and vacancy times. It is shown that the potential of geographical mobility to increase the number of matches is limited in a labour market with few or many vacancies per jobseeker. In these labour markets, mobility mostly affects which jobseekers find a job during a period. In a relatively better balanced labour market, the number of matches could be increased by additional mobility.

  • 17.
    Olsson, Michael
    Internationella Handelshögskolan, Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Studies of Commuting and Labour Market Integration2002Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 18.
    Olsson, Michael
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    The Efficiency of the Swedish Unemployment Funds: Unemployment Funds and Entrepreneurship2007Inngår i: Uddevalla Symposium 2006: entrepreneurship and development - local processes and global patterns : papers presented at the 9th Uddevalla Symposium, 15-17 June, 2006, Fairfax, VA, USA / [ed] Iréne Johansson, Trollhättan: Department of Economics and Informatics, University West , 2007, s. 531-544Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 19.
    Olsson, Michael
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    The Swedish Commuting Pattern: A Constrained Gravity Model with Housing-Expenditure and Income Constraints2015Inngår i: Regional Development in an International Context: Regional, National, Cross Border and International Factors for Growth and Development / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2015, Vol. 2, s. 479-486Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Johansson et al.(2002, 2003) estimated a constrained gravity model to capture distance-friction parameters present in the commuting pattern in Sweden. In this paper the same model is once more estimated to investigate the change over time. This investigation is fruitful, since one major deviation from the earlier results is observed. I also extend the model to incorporate wages and house prices. It turns out that these additional constraints have only minor effects on the distance friction. This is important, since the distance friction is used as input in calculating accessibility and potential measures used in many studies.

  • 20.
    Olsson, Michael
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.
    The Swedish commuting pattern: a gravity model of commuting, with housing-expenditure and income constraints2018Inngår i: Globalization, International Spillovers and Sectoral Changes / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Andreas P. Cornett, Tina Wallin, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, Vol. 2, s. 250-264Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 21.
    Olsson, Michael
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Unemployment insurance and the flow of knowledge2008Inngår i: Uddevalla Symposium Tenth Anniversary 2007: Institutions for Knowledge Generation and Knowledge Flows - Building Innovative Capabilities for Regions, University west , 2008, s. 609-618Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 22.
    Olsson, Michael
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Andersson, Martin
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Modelling International Trade: A study of the EU Common Market and Transport Economies2008Inngår i: Mölle 2008, The Tenth Annual SNEE European Integration Conference, SNEE , 2008, s. 11 sidor-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, Swedish export is investigated, and data for export value and the number of firms that export is analysed. The main purpose is to compare constrained gravity models to gravity models without constraints. It is shown that constrained gravity models represent the export data in a relatively better way. The EU common market and transport economies are introduced into versions of the constrained gravity model, and the results show that the model fits the data even better.

  • 23.
    Olsson, Michael
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Schuller, Bernd-Joachim
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    The Macroeconomic Development of Mexico2007Inngår i: Studies of Sweden and Mexico: economics, finance, trade and environment / [ed] Ignacio Perrotini Hernández and Fadi Zaher, Skövde: University of Skövde , 2007, s. 110-137Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 24.
    Olsson, Michael
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Schuller, Berndt Joachim
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Living standard, quality of life, globalization and competitiveness in the EU and the neighbour countries: an empirical analysis2012Inngår i: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum - Oeconomia, ISSN 1644-0757, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 5-21Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with the theoretical and empirical relations between living standard, quality of life, globalization and international competitiveness of countries. While economists are not convinced that competitiveness of countries is a useful concept, because firms and industries compete economically and not countries, the general public, journalists and politicians seem to feel that competitiveness is important. E.g., one of the goals of the European Union is to become the most competitive economy in the world. Furthermore, economists argue, that economic globalization has the potential of increasing economic welfare for all. In this case, the general public is more sceptical. Finally, the general public but even other scientists than economists, seem to believe that living standard and the quality of life are only weakly related to each other. The following results can be mentioned. We found strong positive correlations between our main variables. Our hypotheses are with other words supported.

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