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  • 1.
    Andersson, Thomas
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Kazemi, Ali
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Wickelgren, Mikael
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    HRM practices in Swedish retailing2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Andersson, Thomas
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Kazemi, Ali
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Wickelgren, Mikael
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Not the Inevitable Bleak House?: The Positive Experiences of Workers and Managers in Retail Employment in Sweden2011In: Retail Work / [ed] Irena Grugulis and Ödül Bozkurt, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011, p. 253-276Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Andersson, Thomas
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Kazemi, Ali
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Wickelgren, Mikael
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Uppdrag butikschef: Att leda i butik2013 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vad innebär det att arbeta med ledaruppdrag inom handeln och hur kan man nå framgång som butikschef? Detta är två centrala frågor i boken Uppdrag butikschef – att leda i butik som tar ett helhetsgrepp om följande centrala aspekter på butikschefsarbete: 

    • ledarskap och medarbetarskap 
    • motivation och kommunikation 
    • personalarbete och arbetsrätt 
    • kompetensutveckling och etik

    Boken är skriven av forskare inom företagsekonomi och socialpsykologi, verksamma vid Högskolan i Skövde, och den bygger delvis på ett aktuellt forskningsprojekt om ledarskap och medarbetarskap inom svensk handel.

  • 4.
    Andersson, Thomas
    et al.
    University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future. University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Kazemi, Ali
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Wickelgren, Mikael
    University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future. University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Career in Swedish Retail2016Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A career in retailing is to a large extent a boundaryless career. A career in retail does not limit the individual to a single organisation, to a single role/position, or to a hierarchical rung on the organisational ladder. Both co-workers and managers move quite easily among organisations within the same retail area, between different retail areas, and in and out of the retail sector.

    • In the past, the description of retailing as a transitory employment sector has had a negative connotation. Yet this description can also have quite a positive connotation. For example, experience acquired in the retail sector can be very useful in other work sectors. Moreover, people working in retail are generally motivated by job security, a job that is possible to combine to leisure/family, and a job close to home. They are typically much less motivated by traditional career advancement opportunities, the exercise of power over others, and by the desire to make decisions.

    • People working in retail have a rather limited interest in becoming managers in part because their major work motivators are not the motivators one usually associates with management career paths.

    • Gender is a relatively weak distinguishing variable in terms of retail careers, but there are some statistically significant – yet small – differences in the work characteristics of men and women in retail. For example, women in retail prioritize work-life balance, the proximity of workplace to home, and outside interests more than men in retail. These priorities have a limiting effect on their opportunities to accept managerial positions and to follow traditional, upward career paths.

    • There are more women than men working in the retail sector today, but a larger percentage of men in management positions. However, this cannot be explained by differences between the motivations of men and women to become managers or in their attitudes towards their own managerial capabilities. The explanation lies in other, more indirect factors such as the expectations of today’s managers.

    • Women generally earn less than men in the retail sector. This inequality is especially evident when differences in work responsibilities exist (e.g., specialized areas, subbranches, management tasks).

    • There is some general scepticism among employees in the retail sector as far as the extent to which their employers are willing to commit to their well-being and development. This finding has important practical implications when employees sense a lack of employer commitment to them.

    • People outside retail sector generally have a more negative picture of the retail sector than the people within the sector. People in the retail sector are relatively satisfied and think their work is varied and interesting.

    • The number of women at the lower management levels (at the store-level) is increasing. Because of this trend, which is expected to continue, in the relatively near future there may be as many female managers as male managers at this level. However, at the upper management levels in retail, there are more than ten men for every woman and no indications of change.

    • Job security is the most important career anchor for retail employees in Sweden. This finding has very important practical implications because job security is typically not associated with employment in the retail sector. It is a factor that can be an important consideration for retailers.

  • 5.
    Andersson, Thomas
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Kazemi, Ali
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Wickelgren, Mikael
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Karriärvägar i detaljhandeln2016Report (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Dorsch, Michael J.
    et al.
    College of Business, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA.
    Törnblom, Kjell Y.
    TdLab ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland.
    Kazemi, Ali
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    A Review of Resource Theories and Their Implications for Understanding Consumer Behavior2017In: Journal of the Association for Consumer Research, ISSN 2378-1815, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 5-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The shift to consumer-centric marketing accentuates the need for a more comprehensive understanding of consumer desires, including how consumers manage their resources to satisfy these desires. However, the complexity of the resource concept combined with a fragmented research stream thus far provides a limited understanding of consumer resources and their effect on consumer well-being. The purpose of this article is to encourage continued research into consumer resources, including resource exchange, to gain a more complete understanding of the concept and to facilitate the development of a unified theory of consumer resources. To accomplish our objective, resource theories proposed in different disciplines (economics, management/marketing, psychology, and social psychology) are summarized and used to provide research direction into a wide variety of consumer behavior issues related to consumer resource management and resource exchange behavior.

  • 7.
    Elfstrand Corlin, Tinna
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Kajonius, Petri J.
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience. University of Skövde, The Systems Biology Research Centre.
    Kazemi, Ali
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    The impact of personality on person-centred care: a study of care staff in Swedish nursing homes2017In: International Journal of Older People Nursing, ISSN 1748-3735, E-ISSN 1748-3743, Vol. 12, no 2, article id e12132Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim and objective: In this study, we explore how personal and situational factors relate to the provision of person-centred care (PCC) in nursing homes. Specifically, we focus on the relationship between the care staff's personality traits and provision of PCC and to what extent perceptions of the working environment influences this relationship.

    Background: The ultimate goal of elderly care is to meet the older person's needs and individual preferences (PCC). Interpersonal aspects of care and the quality of relationship between the care staff and the older person are therefore central in PCC.

    Design and methods: A cross-sectional Swedish sample of elderly care staff (= 322) completed an electronic survey including measures of personality (Mini-IPIP) and person-centred care (Individualized Care Inventory, ICI). A principal component analysis was conducted on the ICI-data to separate the user orientation (process quality) of PCC from the preconditions (structure quality) of PCC.

    Results: Among the five factors of personality, neuroticism was the strongest predictor of ICI user orientation. ICI preconditions significantly mediated this relationship, indicating the importance of a supportive working environment. In addition, stress was introduced as a potential explanation and was shown to mediate the impact of neuroticism on ICI preconditions.

    Conclusions: Personality traits have a significant impact on user orientation, and the perception of a supportive and stress free working environment is an important prerequisite for achieving high-quality person-centred elderly care.

    Implications for practice: Understanding how personality is linked to the way care staff interacts with the older person adds a new perspective on provision of person-centred elderly care.

  • 8.
    Elfstrand Corlin, Tinna
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Kazemi, Ali
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Accounting for job satisfaction: Examining the interplay of person and situation2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 58, no 5, p. 436-442Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present study, we investigate the interplay of personality traits (i.e., person) in frontline care staff in nursing homes and the way they relate to the residents (i.e., situation) to account for their job satisfaction. Participants completed a survey including Mini-IPIP tapping the five-factor model of personality, Individualized Care Inventory tapping four aspects of person-centered care and job satisfaction. The results revealed that staff scoring high on neuroticism experienced less job satisfaction. This relationship was partly accounted for by resident autonomy, suggesting that part of the adverse influence of neuroticism on job satisfaction may be mitigated by organizations providing a supportive care environment. In contrast, staff scoring high on agreeableness experienced higher job satisfaction. This relationship was accounted for by another aspect of person-centered care, that is, knowing the person. This suggests that agreeableness in a sense facilitated adjustment of acts of care toward the unique needs and preferences of residents and this partly explained why the more agreeable the staff was the more they felt satisfied at work. In sum, effects of personality traits on job satisfaction in care staff are partially mediated by the perception of working conditions and care policy and to the extent that a certain personality trait affects whether the staff have a positive or negative perception of the way they relate to the residents, they will experience, respectively, higher or a lower job satisfaction. This finding has implications for how to combine a focus on delivering person-centered care with improving personal job satisfaction.

  • 9. Forward, Sonja
    et al.
    Kazemi, AliUniversity of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    A theoretical approach to assess road safety campaigns: evidence from seven European countries2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 10. Forward, Sonja
    et al.
    Kazemi, Ali
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Introduction: The challenge of changing road user behaviour via campaigns2009In: A theoretical approach to assess road safety campaigns: evidence from seven European countries / [ed] Sonja Forward & Ali Kazemi, Brussels: Belgian Road Safety Institute, BIVV-IBSR , 2009, p. 13-24Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Kajonius, Petri J.
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Kazemi, Ali
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Advancing the Big Five of User-Oriented Elderly Care and Accounting for its Variations2016In: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, ISSN 0952-6862, E-ISSN 1758-6542, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 162-176Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – Care process quality (i.e., how care is enacted by a care worker toward a client at the interpersonal level) is a strong predictor of satisfaction in a wide range of health care services. The present research aims at describing the basic elements of care process quality as user-oriented care. Specifically, the questions of how and why quality in user-oriented care varies were investigated in the context of elderly care.

    Design – Two municipalities were selected for in-depth field studies. First, in each municipality, we interviewed and observed care workers’ interactions with the older persons in both home care and nursing homes during two weeks (Study 1). Second, in an attempt to gain a deeper understanding of why process quality in terms of user-oriented care varies, we conducted interviews with care workers and care unit managers (Study 2).

    Findings – A new taxonomy for categorising process quality variation, the Big Five of user-oriented care (Task-focus, Person-focus, Affect, Cooperation, and Time-use), is proposed. In addition, the perceived reasons for process quality variation are reported in our own developed Quality Agents Model, suggesting that variations in care process evaluations may be explained from different perspectives at multiple levels (i.e., older person, care worker-, unit-, department-, and municipality-level).

    Value – The proposed taxonomy and model are useful for describing user-oriented care quality and the reasons for its variations. These findings are of relevance for future quality developments of elderly care services, but also may be adapted to applications in any other enterprise employing a user-oriented approach.

    Keywords elderly care, quality, satisfaction, person-centered care, individualised care, user-oriented care

  • 12.
    Kajonius, Petri J.
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. Psykologiska Institutionen, Göteborgs Universitet.
    Kazemi, Ali
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Older Persons’ Subjective Evaluations of Care Quality: Three studies Analyzing the National Survey of Swedish Elderly Care2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As the proportion of older people in coming years is increasing, and as the organizations of home care and nursing homes grow to manage the expectations from the population, the debate on the quality of elderly care has gained a new momentum. Today, most decision-makers within elderly care in Sweden base their actions on the nation-wide annual quality report on elderly care from the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare, Open Comparisons. This research presents findings from this national survey conducted in 2012, including a wide variety of indicators for elderly care services in all Swedish municipalities (N = 324) based on the responses from over 95,000 older persons. Study I presents that structural variables (i.e., budget resources and personnel training) overall did not correlate with older persons’ perceived quality of care, while processual variables (i.e., influence, respect, and access to information) showed moderate to strong correlations. Study II presents that overall satisfaction with care was strongly correlated with evaluation of relationship with care personnel and feelings of safeness. Study III presents an overall municipality quality-index with which comparisons between municipalities can be made, showing that the highest and the lowest ranked municipalities did not differ strongly on indicators of quality (d < 0.6). The conclusion is that there currently exists no reliable and valid measure which manages to tap quality of municipal elderly care, and that developing a new client-care centered climate scale should prove to be fruitful. Seeing how a person-centered theoretical approach is receiving support from this large national sample, implications for extending the theoretical frame of person-centeredness into psychological climate research in organizations is proposed. 

  • 13.
    Kajonius, Petri J.
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. Psykologiska Institutionen, Göteborgs Universitet.
    Kazemi, Ali
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Rankning av Sveriges kommuners äldreomsorg i Öppna jämförelser2014In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 91, no 4, p. 323-331Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Med den ökande andelen äldre personer i Sverige har diskussionen om kvalitet i äldreomsorgen tagit ny fart. Idag är äldreomsorgsbeslut baserat på den omfattande årsrapporten, Öppna jämförelser, som rankar alla Sveriges kommuner utifrån ett antal kvalitetsindikatorer. Relevant för området sociala studier och hälsa, visar sekundäranalyser av dessa data att Öppna jämförelser gör en missvisande rankning som inte tar hänsyn till hur de äldre har svarat, och inte heller påtalar hur små skillnaderna mellan högst och lägst rankade kommuner är. Genom att använda effektstorleksmått presenteras i artikeln ett nytt och mer korrekt sätt att ranka kommuner. Vidare föreslås i denna artikel att Öppna jämförelser i sina framtida mätningar inkluderar reliabla och valida mått på brukarorienterad omsorg då detta har visat sig ha positiva effekter på äldres upplevelse av omsorgskvalitet.

  • 14.
    Kajonius, Petri J.
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education. Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Kazemi, Ali
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Safeness and Treatment Mitigate the Effect of Loneliness on Satisfaction with Elderly Care2016In: The Gerontologist, ISSN 0016-9013, E-ISSN 1758-5341, Vol. 56, no 5, p. 928-936Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Maximizing satisfaction among the older persons is the goal of modern individualized elderly care and how to best achieve this is of relevance for anyone planning and providing for elderly care services. Purpose of the study: What predicts satisfaction with care among older persons can be conceived as a function of process (how care is performed), and the older person. Inspired by the long-standing person versus situation debate, the present research investigated the interplay between person- and process aspects in predicting satisfaction with elderly care. Design and method: A representative nationwide sample was analyzed, based on a questionnaire sent out to 95,000 individuals using elderly care services. Results: The results showed that person-related factors (i.e., anxiety, health, and loneliness) were significant predictors of satisfaction with care, although less strongly than process-related factors (i.e., treatment, safeness, and perceived staff- and time availability). Among the person-related factors, loneliness was the strongest predictor of satisfaction among older persons in nursing homes. Interestingly, a path analysis revealed that safeness and treatment function as mediators in linking loneliness to satisfaction. Implications: The results based on a large national sample demonstrate that the individual aging condition to a significant degree can be countered by a well-functioning care process, resulting in higher satisfaction with care among older persons. 

  • 15.
    Kajonius, Petri J.
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education. Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Kazemi, Ali
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Structure and Process Quality as Predictors of Satisfaction with Elderly Care2016In: Health & Social Care in the Community, ISSN 0966-0410, E-ISSN 1365-2524, Vol. 24, no 6, p. 699-707Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The structure versus process approach to quality of care presented by Donabedian is one of the most cited ever. However, there has been a paucity of research into the empirical validity of this framework, specifically concerning the relative effects of structure and process on satisfaction with elderly care as perceived by the older persons themselves. The current research presents findings from a national survey, including a wide range of quality indicators for elderly care services, conducted in 2012 at the request of the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare in which responses from 95,000 elderly people living in 324 municipalities and districts were obtained. The results revealed that the only structural variable which significantly predicted quality of care was staffing, measured in terms of the number of caregivers per older resident. More interestingly, process variables (e.g. respect and access to information) explained 40% and 48% of the variance in satisfaction with care, over and above the structural variables, in home care and nursing homes respectively. The findings from this large nationwide sample examining Donabedian's model suggest that quality in elderly care is primarily determined by factors pertaining to process, that is, how caregivers behave towards the older persons. This encourages a continued quality improvement in elderly care with a particular focus on process variables.

  • 16.
    Kajonius, Petri
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education. Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Kazemi, Ali
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Organizing Principles and Management Climate in High-Performing Municipal Elderly Care2016In: Leadership in Health Services, ISSN 1751-1879, E-ISSN 1751-1887, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 82-94Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – Previous research has shown that user-oriented care predicts older persons’ satisfaction with care. What is yet to be researched is how senior management facilitates the implementation of user-oriented care. The present study set out to investigate the organizing principles and management climate characterizing successful elderly care organizations.

    Design – The care organization in one highly ranked municipality was selected and compared with a more average municipality. On-site semi-structured in-depth interviews with managers as well as participatory observations at managers’ meetings were conducted in both municipalities.

    Findings – The results revealed three key principles for successful elderly care: 1) organizing care from the viewpoint of the older service user, 2) recruiting and training competent and autonomous employees, 3) instilling a vision for the mission which guides operations at all levels in the organization. Furthermore, using climate theory to interpret the material, in the highly successful municipality the management climate was characterized by affective support and cognitive autonomy, in contrast to a more instrumental work climate primarily focusing on organizational structure and doing things right characterizing the more average municipality.

    Value – We suggest that guiding organizing principles are intertwined with management climate and that there are multiple perspectives that must be considered by the upper management, i.e., the views of the older persons, the co-workers, and the mission. The results can guide future care quality developments and increase the understanding of the importance of organizational climate at the senior management level.

  • 17.
    Kazemi, Ali
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Avslutande reflektioner kring socialpsykologiska aspekter på välbefinnande2009In: Välbefinnande i arbetslivet: socialpsykologiska perspektiv / [ed] Ali Kazemi, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2009, 1, p. 195-200Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Kazemi, Ali
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Conceptualizing and measuring occupational social well-being: a validation study2017In: International Journal of Organizational Analysis, ISSN 1934-8835, E-ISSN 1758-8561, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 45-61Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The current conceptualizations and measurements of well-being are inadequate in the context of work. Specifically, well-being research has neglected the social aspects of well-being. Therefore, the present study aims to investigate the validity of a multi-dimensional view of occupational social well-being. Design/methodology/approach: Data were collected in an educational setting, i.e. six different schools in a Swedish municipality. A total of 314 teachers and other categories of school staff (239 females and 75 males) participated in a survey study. Findings: Results provided empirical support for a multi-dimensional view of occupational social well-being. The dimensions were integration, acceptance, contribution, actualization and coherence, and they were differentially correlated with previous measures of well-being. Furthermore, occupational social well-being accounted for additional variance in work tension, overall job satisfaction and organizational commitment over and above the variance accounted for by positive and negative affect and satisfaction with life, indicating the value of taking domain-specific social indicators of well-being into account in explaining various employee outcomes. Practical implications: Occupational social well-being is an umbrella term for describing the well-lived social life in the context of work. As such, this is a crucial part of a holistic view of well-being at work. Thus, effective employee well-being enhancement programs should not only focus on physical and mental health promotion or competence development but must also include measures of relational experience and functioning as discussed in the present study. Originality/value: This is the first study to measure and validate occupational social well-being as an attempt to complement existing measures of subjective and psychological well-being. Measures of social aspects of well-being are crucial to assess as it has been argued in previous research that context-free measures of well-being might render misleading results.

  • 19.
    Kazemi, Ali
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Distributive and Procedural Fairness Promote Cooperative  Conflict Management2007In: Distributive and procedural justice: research and social applications / [ed] Kjell Törnblom, Riël Vermunt, Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007, p. 143-157Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Kazemi, Ali
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Examining the Interplay of Justice Perceptions, Motivation, and School Achievement among Secondary School Students2016In: Social Justice Research, ISSN 0885-7466, E-ISSN 1573-6725, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 103-118Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a paucity of empirical research on the social psychology of justice in educational settings. A few previous studies have predominantly focused on distributive and procedural justice concerns, and knowledge about the role of what have been called informational and interpersonal justice for school outcomes is very scarce. In the present study, data from 227 eighth- and ninth-grade students who participated in a survey study were analyzed to examine the interplay between relational justice concerns (decomposed into procedural, interpersonal, and informational justice), motivation to study, and school achievement. A comprehensive theoretically grounded multi-item measure of informational justice was developed and validated. The results showed that informational justice significantly predicts school grades, and that motivation to study fully mediates this effect. Neither procedural nor interpersonal justice was associated with school grades. The implications of these results for research and practice are discussed in detail.

  • 21.
    Kazemi, Ali
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Mot välbefinnande och välbefinnandecertifiering av arbetsplatser2010In: Personalchefen: HR-tidningen, no 4, p. 12-13Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22.
    Kazemi, Ali
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Overtime2015In: The SAGE Encyclopedia of Economics and Society / [ed] Frederick F. Wherry & Juliet B. Schor, Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 2015, p. 1235-1236Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Kazemi, Ali
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Promotion2015In: The SAGE Encyclopedia of Economics and Society / [ed] Frederick F. Wherry & Juliet B. Schor, Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 2015, p. 1336-1337Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Kazemi, Ali
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Socializing the notion of well-being in psychology: Some preliminary results from a validation study2011In: The individual and the group - Future challenges: proceedings from the 7th GRASP conference, University of Gothenburg, May 2010 / [ed] Jacobsson, C. & Rapp Ricciardi, M., University of Gothenburg , 2011, p. 32-43Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Well-being is mostly defined and measured in terms of life satisfaction, positive affect, and negative affect in psychology. As human well-being depends on need satisfaction, and many of our needs as humans are satisfied with and by other people, it is argued in this chapter that the current conceptualization and measurement of well-being is inadequate. Specifically, although there are some expectations, psychological research on well-being has largely neglected the social aspects or the context of well-being. It is thus argued that in order to understand the social nature of well-being several dimensions have to be considered. The proposed dimensions are social integration, social acceptance, social contribution, social actualization, and social coherence. Results from a validation study provide tentative empirical support for the proposed conceptual structure.

  • 25.
    Kazemi, Ali
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    There is more to fairness in taxation than fair taxes: Introducing a multi-faceted fairness framework of taxation2008In: Dynamics Within and Outside the Lab: Proceedings from the 6th GRASP conference, Lund University, May 2008 / [ed] Stefan Jern & Johan Näslund, 2008, p. 147-158Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Taxation has attracted considerable research attention. In this article some preliminary steps are taken towards advancing a multi-faceted fairness framework of taxation according to which taxation fairness is not only related to the tax expenditure programme (distributive justice), but also to how tax decisions are made (procedural justice), how citizens are treated by the tax authorities/employees (interpersonal justice), and how tax decisions and the legislation are explained and justified to the citizens (informational justice). This framework further posits that taxpayers experience uncertainty in the context of taxation, and that fairness reduces uncertainty. It is also posited that fairness is a prerequisite for legitimacy of the tax system. The framework draws upon the literature on the social psychology of justice and applies it to the taxation context. Altogether, this theoretical framework provides an alternative account of tax attitudes and behavior in that it downplays the role of surveillance and sanctions and instead emphasizes the role of perceived fairness for citizens' willingness to pay taxes and for tax system legitimacy.

  • 26.
    Kazemi, Ali
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Välbefinnande2009In: Välbefinnande i arbetslivet: socialpsykologiska perspektiv / [ed] Ali Kazemi, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2009, 1, p. 23-33Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Kazemi, Ali
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Välbefinnande för hälsoförsörjarna: utgångspunkter och arbetsmetoder2010In: Chefer och ledare i vården, ISSN 1404-4684, Vol. 42, no 1, p. 12-16Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Kazemi, Ali
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Välbefinnande i arbetslivet: socialpsykologiska perspektiv2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Kazemi, Ali
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Andersson, Thomas
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Wickelgren, Mikael
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Correlates of Customer Satisfaction and Loyalty: Examining and Extending the Service-Profit-Chain Model in the Context of Swedish Retail Sector2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Kazemi, Ali
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Eek, Daniel
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Effects of Group Goal and Resource Valence on Allocation Preferences in Public Good Dilemmas2007In: Social behavior and personality, ISSN 0301-2212, E-ISSN 1179-6391, Vol. 35, no 6, p. 803-818Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has not been conclusive as to whether people prefer different or identical allocation principles in distributions of positive and negative outcomes. Thus, in this study, the question of whether or not group goal accounts for preferred allocation of positive and negative outcomes was posed. As hypothesized for division of surpluses, the results showed that relationship-oriented goals predicted preferences for equality, whereas performance oriented goals predicted preferences for equity. Moreover, the results were the same for allocation of deficits. This suggests that people implicitly have different orientations, or goals, in mind in group situations that similarly influence the way they prefer to allocate positive and negative outcomes. The results also showed that participants allocating deficits deviated to a larger extent from the allocation principles than did participants allocating surpluses.

  • 31.
    Kazemi, Ali
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. Psykologiska Institutionen, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Eek, Daniel
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. Psykologiska Institutionen, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Promoting Cooperation in Social Dilemmas via Fairness Norms and Group Goals2008In: New Issues and Paradigms in Research on Social Dilemmas / [ed] Anders Biel, Daniel Eek, Tommy Gärling, Mathias Gustafsson, New York: Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 2008, p. 72-92Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Kazemi, Ali
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Eek, Daniel
    Department of Psychology, Göteborg University, Sweden.
    Gärling, Tommy
    Department of Psychology, Göteborg University, Sweden.
    Allocation of Public Goods: The Interplay of Self-Interest, Fairness, and Group Goal2016In: Social Psychology, ISSN 1864-9335, E-ISSN 2151-2590, Vol. 47, no 4, p. 214-222Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Seventy-two undergraduates participating in a step-level asymmetric public good dilemma were requested to distribute the provided public good among the group members to achieve different group goals. In Line with the hypotheses, economic productivity resulted in equitable allocations, harmony in equal allocations, and social concern in need-based allocations. The results also supported the hypotheses that salience of group goal minimizes influences of self-interest on allocations and that perceived fairness accounts for why people pursuing different group goals differ in their preferences for allocation of public goods.

  • 33.
    Kazemi, Ali
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Eek, Daniel
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Gärling, Tommy
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Equity, Equal Shares or Equal Final Outcomes?: Group Goal Guides Allocations of Public Goods2017In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 8, p. 1-7, article id 36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In an experiment we investigate preferences for allocation of a public good among group members who contributed unequally in providing the public good. Inducing the group goal of productivity resulted in preferences for equitable allocations, whereas inducing the group goals of harmony and social concern resulted in preferences for equal final outcomes. The study makes a contribution by simultaneously treating provision and allocation of a public good, thus viewing these as related processes. Another contribution is that a new paradigm is introduced that bears closer resemblance to real life public good dilemmas than previous research paradigms do.

  • 34.
    Kazemi, Ali
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Forward, Sonja
    Evaluation of the Swedish Bicycle Helmet Wearing Campaign 20082009In: A theoretical approach to assess road safety campaigns: evidence from seven European countries / [ed] Sonja Forward & Ali Kazemi, Brussels: Belgian Road Safety Institute, BIVV-IBSR, 2009 , 2009, p. 47-72Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Kazemi, Ali
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Gholamzadehmir, Maedeh
    University of Sussex, Sussex House, Brighton, United Kingdom.
    Törnblom, Kjell
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Predicting Reactions to Procedural Injustice via Insights from Resource Theory2012In: Handbook of social resource theory: theoretical extensions, empirical insights, and social applications / [ed] Kjell Törnblom, Ali Kazemi, New York: Springer, 2012, p. 373-381Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Shifting focus from distributive to procedural justice, this chapter by Ali Kazemi, Maedeh Gholamzadehmir, and Kjell Törnblom starts from the proposition that in a situation of procedural injustice, restoration of justice will be attempted via behaviors that are isomorphic with the resource with which the violated procedural rule is isomorphic. An empirical illustration corroborated in large this novel line of reasoning and showed that when the procedural rule of voice was violated, restoration of justice was attempted via status isomorphic behaviors. This is consistent with Foa’s proposal that people prefer to retaliate a loss via a resource class proximal rather than distal to the lost resource. The proposition that inaccuracy is isomorphic with information, that is, a universalistic resource received mixed support. The notion that procedural injustice has implications for discrete emotions was supported. Regardless of the resource of deprivation, the denial of voice had greater impact than inaccuracy of decisions which, in turn, suggests a greater impact of particularistic (i.e., status) than of universalistic (i.e., information) resource deprivation.

  • 36.
    Kazemi, Ali
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Rättvisa i fördelningen av sociala resurser: En socialpsykologisk forskningsöversikt2009In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 143-161Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Kazemi, Ali
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    Social rättvisa2012In: Samhällspsykologi / [ed] Anders Biel & Tommy Gärling, Malmö: Liber, 2012, 1, p. 112-130Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Kazemi, Ali
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Kajonius, Petri
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience. University of Skövde, The Systems Biology Research Centre.
    Variations in user-oriented elderly care: a multilevel approach2017In: International Journal of Quality and Service Sciences, ISSN 1756-669X, E-ISSN 1756-6703, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 138-147Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Kazemi, Ali
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Kajonius, Petri J.
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience. University of Skövde, The Systems Biology Research Centre.
    Cost and satisfaction trends in Swedish elderly home care2016In: Home Health Care Management & Practice, ISSN 1084-8223, E-ISSN 1552-6739, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 250-255Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Kazemi, Ali
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Kajonius, Petri J.
    Division of Gerontology, Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    User-oriented elderly care: A validation study in two different settings using observational data2015In: Quality in Ageing and Older Adults, ISSN 1471-7794, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 140-152Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - User-oriented care, defined as individualized assisting behaviors, is the dominant approach within elderly care today. Yet, there is little known about its conceptual structure. This paper proposes that user-oriented care has a bi-partite structure which may be decomposed into the two dimensions of task and relation. Design/methodology/approach - Care workers were "shadowed" (i.e. observed) at their work (n=391 rated interactions). User-oriented care was assessed along ten process quality indicators targeting the acts of caregiving (i.e. task focus, relation focus, involvement, time-use, body language, autonomy, respect, warmth, encouragement, and information) in two elderly care settings, i.e. home care and nursing home. Observations added up to 45 hours. Findings - Principal component analyses confirmed the proposed two-factor structure of user-oriented care. Specifically, the user-oriented care indicators loaded on two distinct factors, i.e. task and relation. The underlying structure of user-oriented care revealed to be invariant across the two settings. However, the results revealed interesting structural differences in terms of explained variance and the magnitude of factor loadings in the home care and nursing home settings. Differences also emerged specifically pertaining to the indicators of autonomy and time-use. These findings suggest that user-oriented behavior may to some extent denote different acts of caregiving and what may be called task- and relation-orientation may be loaded with different meanings in these two care settings. Originality/value - This is the first study investigating user-oriented behavior in the context of elderly care using a quantitative observational approach. The authors propose that the observed differences between the two care settings are primarily not due to better elderly care work in home care, but due to some inherent differences between these two contexts of care (e.g. better health and living at home). © Ali Kazemi and Petri J. Kajonius. Published by Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

  • 41.
    Kazemi, Ali
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Kylberg, Elisabeth
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Pilotstudie om psykisk ohälsa och utanförskap bland unga vuxna: Personliga berättelser och reflektioner kring vägar som bär till förändring2014Report (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Kazemi, Ali
    et al.
    University of Skövde, Health and Education. University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Stark Ekman, Diana
    University of Skövde, Health and Education. University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Kylberg, Elisabeth
    University of Skövde, Health and Education. University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Differing attitudes toward health and sickness2014In: Encyclopedia of human services and diversity / [ed] Linwood H. Cousins, Sage Publications, 2014, p. 616-618Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Kazemi, Ali
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Törnblom, Kjell
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Perceived fairness of six allocation decision rules in the context of hiring and firing2011In: The individual and the group - Future challenges: proceedings from the 7th GRASP conference, University of Gothenburg, May 2010 / [ed] Jacobsson, C. & Rapp Ricciardi, M., University of Gothenburg , 2011, p. 44-51Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Managers decide daily about recruiting new people into their organization and sometimes in times of economic turmoil they decide to let people go. The issue of fairness is at the heart of these decisions. In the present study we are interested in exploring the perceived fairness of six decision rules in the context of hiring and firing. 306 participants responded to one of two different versions of a scenario based questionnaire. Half of the participants answered questions about the fairness of six allocation decision rules by which hiring for a job took place, and the other half rated the same rules for firing. In general, contribution rules were deemed much fairer than the equality rules. In the case of hiring, respondents considered the contribution of ability as the fairest rule while in the firing condition the contribution of effort was rated as the fairest rule.

  • 44.
    Kazemi, Ali
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Törnblom, Kjell
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Rättvist ledarskap2009In: Välbefinnande i arbetslivet: socialpsykologiska perspektiv / [ed] Ali Kazemi, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2009, 1, p. 37-63Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Kazemi, Ali
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Törnblom, KjellDepartment of Environmental Systems Science, ETH Zurich, Switzerland.
    Social Justice Research2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Kazemi, Ali
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Törnblom, KjellDepartment of Environmental Systems Science, ETH Zurich, Switzerland.
    Social Justice Research2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Kazemi, Ali
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Törnblom, KjellDepartment of Environmental Systems Science, ETH Zurich, Switzerland.
    Social Justice Research2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Kazemi, Ali
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Törnblom, KjellDepartment of Environmental Systems Science, ETH Zurich, Switzerland.
    Social Justice Research2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Kazemi, Ali
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Törnblom, KjellUniversity of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Social Justice Research2014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Kazemi, Ali
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Törnblom, KjellUniversity of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Social Justice Research2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
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