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  • 1.
    Hall, Ingela
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Prevalens och uppföljning av latent tuberkulos bland migranter i Region Jönköpings Län2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Tuberculosis is one of the world's most widespread infectious diseases. One third of the world’s population is expected to carry the bacterium without being ill (latent tuberculosis, LTBI). Nearly ten percent of the carriers develop active tuberculosis sometime during their lifetime. Europe has a comparatively low incidence of tuberculosis and in Sweden the number of cases of tuberculosis has decreased since the mid-40s. In Sweden, the increased number of immigrants in recent years is seen as an explanation for a temporarily increased prevalence of tuberculosis. Early diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis are key factors in preventing the spread of infection and giving the individual the opportunity to manage their health, which is important from a public health perspective. The county councils/regions have chosen different strategies for whom to be included in screening for tuberculosis in health surveys of immigrants.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence and follow-up of latent tuberculosis among immigrants who have undergone a health examination at health centers in the County of Jönköping.

    Method: The study was a retrospective observation study based on quantitative approach. Data was collected through journal review and 361 records were included in the analysis. The presence of latent and active tuberculosis was correlated with gender, age and country of origin.

    Results: The results of the study showed that the prevalence of LTBI in the study population was 9.4%. The results showed that LTBI was more common in men and individuals > 35 years. However, no differences were seen by country of origin.

    Conclusion: The study is of limited size and thus generalisability. LTBI is relatively common among immigrants. Further studies are needed to identify optimal routines for screening and preventive measures in the immigrant group.

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