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  • 1.
    Almstedt, Ando
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Pettersson, Karolin
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    HIV/AIDS-Patienters upplevelser av stigmatisering och diskriminering från vårdpersonal: - En litteraturöversikt2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: HIV/AIDS (Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) is an epidemic disease, with the highest prevalence in the less developed countries. Earlier studies show that healthcare providers have a negative attitude towards this patient group. The cause of this is believed to be due to ignorance and fear. AIM: The aim of this study was to describe patients with HIV/AIDS and their experiences of stigmatization and discrimination by healthcare providers. METHOD: A literature review, based on an analysis of ten scientific articles is used to answer the aim of the study. RESULT: Two main themes emerge; preconception and contempt and support and the healthcare provider/patient relationship. The result of this studie shows that patients experience contempt from the healthcare providers both verbally and nonverbally. Patients value highly the development of trust in the healthcare provider and feel that this is essential for a good relationship. A good relationship should include respect, understanding, cooperation and honesty. CONCLUSION: The authors draw the conclusion that healthcare providers are fearful of the patients with HIV and also have poor knowledge about the disease. This problem can be solved by a better knowledge and information. If nothing is done to prevent the stigmatization and discrimination against HIV/AIDS-patients the risk of significant health problems will increase.

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