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  • 1.
    Abbas, Assad
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Identifying design issues related to the knowledge bases of medical decision support systems2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The modern medical diagnostic systems are based on the techniques using digital data formats – a natural feed for the computer based systems. With the use of modern diagnostic techniques the diagnosis process is becoming more complex as many diseases seem to have the same pre-symptoms at early stages. And of course computer based systems require more efficient and effective ways to identify such complexities. However, the existing formalisms for knowledge representation, tools and technologies, learning and reasoning strategies seem inadequate to create meaningful relationship among the entities of medical data i.e. diseases, symptoms and medicine etc. This inadequacy actually is due to the poor design of the knowledge base of the medical system and leads the medical systems towards inaccurate diagnosis. This thesis discusses the limitations and issues specific to the design factors of the knowledge base and suggests that instead of using the deficient approaches and tools for representing, learning and retrieving the accurate knowledge, use of semantic web tools and techniques should be adopted. Design by contract approach may be suitable for establishing the relationships between the diseases and symptoms. The relationship between diseases and symptoms and their invariants can be represented more meaningfully using semantic web. This can lead to more concrete diagnosis, by overcoming the deficiencies and limitations of traditional approaches and tools.

  • 2.
    Abbas, Assad
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Nohlberg, Marcus
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Design issues related to the knowledge bases of medical decision support systems2010In: Proceedings, ICIIT 2010 International Conference on Intelligence and Information Technology, 28-30 October, 2010, Lahore, Pakistan: Volume 2, Lahore: IEEE conference proceedings, 2010, p. 54-58Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Abrahamsson, Julia
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Barns språkutveckling: En kvalitativ studie om barns språkutveckling vid samlingar i förskolan2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to examine how children’s language is supported and developed at the kindergarten and how it is done in reality. This study has its focus on gatherings. The content of the gatherings is analyzed with the Vygotskij’s theory in mind by interviewing kindergarten teachers and observing gatherings while focusing on the three theoretical expressions involvement, participation and autonomy. The result shows that teacher use the principles of involvement, participation and autonomy by activities like reading, songs etc. The study shows even that kindergarten teachers follow two different models consisting of the Bornholmsmodel and an own model. The main function of a gathering is to involve children into a social society. It shows that gatherings have a mixed status amongst kindergarten teachers because of having different opinions about gathering’s function and relevance for developing children’s language skills. It shows that gatherings using the Bornholmsmodel do have more content than gatherings done by kindergarten teachers with their own model. To examine if this occurs because of the mixed status or because of planning-issues would be a good start to begin with in future research.

  • 4.
    Ackemo, Stefan
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    IT-support för svenska fastighetsmäklare: Ur ett kundperspektiv vid IT-support av fastighetsmäklarprogram2009Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens intresseområde var IT-support och supportsituationer mellan företag och fastighetsmäklare. Fastighetsmäklare i Sverige är en yrkesgrupp som använder sig utav teknik i sitt arbete, t.ex. bärbara datorer och digitala kameror. Införandet av IT (Informationsteknologi) i arbetslivet har förändrat yrkesgruppens arbetssätt och påverkat denna yrkesgrupp markant. Det här gör att fastighetsmäklaren är beroende av att tekniken fungerar och har behov av välfungerande support vid uppkomna problem. Studiens syfte var att undersöka supportsituationer mellan företag och fastighetsmäklare ur ett kundperspektiv. Målet var att förstå fastighetsmäklares syn på supportsituationer då IT-relaterade problem hanteras.

     

    Den teoretiska utgångspunkten i studien var en teori om hur människan tar till sig kunskap samt vilka faser man går igenom i sin utvecklingszon. Studien utgjordes av intervjuer med tio fastighetsmäklare från olika kommuner i Sverige.

     

    Studien visade att fastighetsmäklarna är överlag nöjda med den support de får vid uppkomna IT-relaterade problem. Det gäller bemötande, upplevd kompetens hos de personer som ger supporten samt kvaliteten i supporten. När fastighetsmäklaren stöter på problem och supporten ges på distans med hjälp av funktionen fjärrstyrning och fastighetsmäklaren väljer att iaktta på dataskärmen hur problemet löses, kan supportsituationen förstås som ett lärtillfälle.

     

     

     

  • 5.
    Adamovic, Tatjana
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Roshani, Leyla
    CMB-Genetics, Göteborg University, SE 40530 Göteborg, Sweden / Department of Clinical Genetics, Göteborg University, SE 40530 Göteborg, Sweden.
    Chen, Lei
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Schaffer, Beverly S.
    Department of Genetics, Cell Biology and Anatomy, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198, United States / Eppley Institute for Research in Cancer, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198, United States.
    Helou, Khalil
    Department of Oncology, Göteborg University, Sahlgrenska University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Levan, Göran
    CMB-Genetics, Göteborg University, SE 40530 Göteborg, Sweden / Department of Clinical Genetics, Göteborg University, SE 40530 Göteborg, Sweden.
    Olsson, Björn
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Schull, James D.
    Department of Genetics, Cell Biology and Anatomy, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198, United States / Eppley Institute for Research in Cancer, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198, United States / Department of Genetics, Cell Biology and Anatomy, 6005 Durham Research Center, 985805 Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198-5805, United States.
    Nonrandom pattern of aberrations in 17β-estradiol-induced rat mammary tumors: Indications of distinct pathways for tumor development2007In: Genes, Chromosomes and Cancer, ISSN 1045-2257, E-ISSN 1098-2264, Vol. 46, no 5, p. 459-469Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Estrogens play an important role in breast cancer etiology and the ACI rat provides a novel animal model for defining the mechanisms through which estrogens contribute to mammary cancer development. In crossing experiments between the susceptible ACI strain and two resistant strains, COP (Copenhagen) and BN (Brown Norway), several quantitative trait loci (QTL) that affect development of 17b-estradiol (E2)-induced mammary tumors have been defined. Using comparative genomic hybridization (CGH), we have analyzed cytogenetic aberrations in E2-induced mammary cancers and have found clear patterns of nonrandom chromosomal involvement. Approximately two thirds of the tumors exhibited copy number changes. Losses of rat chromosome 5 (RNO5) and RNO20 were particularly common, and it was found that these two aberrations often occurred together. A third recurrent aberration involving proximal gain and distal loss in RNO6 probably defined a distinct subgroup of tumors, since it never occurred in combination with RNO5 loss. Interestingly, QTL with powerful effects on mammary cancer development have been mapped to RNO5 and RNO6. These findings suggest that there were at least two genetic pathways to tumor formation in this rat model of E2-induced mammary cancer. By performing CGH on mammary tumors from ACI rats, F1 rats from crosses between the ACI and COP or BN strains and ACI.BN-Emca8 congenic rats, which carry the BN allele of the Emca8 QTL on RNO5 on the ACI genetic background, we were able to determine that the constitution of the germ line influences the pattern of chromosomal aberrations.

  • 6.
    Adamsson, Anna
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Svensson, Cecilia
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Kollision eller kommunikation?: En kvalitativ studie om lärares syn på hantering och förebyggande av konflikter2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A general opinion among teachers in school is that a lot of time is spent on conflict handling. In the study, teachers opinions about conflict and conflict handling will be discussed though the purpose is to study conflict handling in two classrooms. The purpose is also to see what opinions teachers have when it comes to preventing and handling conflicts. The study is built on observations and qualitative interviews with two teachers. The opinion among teachers in this study is that a school without conflicts gives the pupils advantages and is something that the school teaching take benefits from. The interpretation is that the handling of conflicts in school is unavoidable and time is taken from planned education to conflict handling. The result of the study shows that different opinions of pupils benefits from conflict handling. Earlier documented research shows, unlike the result of the study, that conflict handling may give pupils valuable tools to handle social problems they may experience now and in the future. The results even presents conflicts of different type of character, some of them can be constructive and some destructive. Focus of the result in the study is also that the same pupils often end up in conflicts and that there are a common denominator among them. In the study the result is discussed. Subjects that are in focus are the lack of conflict handling in the classroom, why it is relevant to discuss conflicts in the classroom and also that children need a security to be able to handle conflicts. Finally, are the chosen methods of the study discussed.

  • 7.
    Adolfsson, John
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Pattern Parameterization with Granules in Ship Movements: Describing identifying aspects of movement patterns with varying levels of granularity2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report aims to explore a possible transparent alternative to the black box approach of machine learning in identifying a ship’s type from simple movement data, consisting of a set of coordinates with timestamps. This is achieved by an application that converts the set of coordinates to vectors and assigns them various traits, such as turn radius, speed and distance traveled, and then identifying the correlation between collections of different values of these traits, called granules, and different ship types. The results show a definite connection between certain kinds of granules and certain ship types and lay the foundation for building a more well defined syntax for ship identification.

  • 8.
    Agaeus, Catharina
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Sociala kognitiva arbetsmiljöproblem (SKAMP) inom datorstött samarbete2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Delar av dagens samhälle fortsätter att datoriseras och nya möjligheter för interaktion med datoriserade produkter som stödjer social interaktion introduceras i ökad takt. Själva grunden för hur organisationer ser ut förändras och pekar mot ett allt mer distribuerat sätt där människor kan interagera med varandra utan att vara på samma plats, vid samma tidpunkt. Samtidigt visar forskning att det finns brister i användbarhet hos gruppverktyg. Kognitiva arbetsmiljöproblem (KAMP) kan uppstå när användbarhet brister men har hittills främst studerats ur ett enanvändarperspektiv. Syftet med den här rapporten är att identifiera samt klassificera socio-kognitiva arbetsmiljöproblem (SKAMP) inom datorstött samarbete för att bidra med kunskap som i förlängningen kan leda till en tydligare förståelse kring SKAMP. En arbetsplatsstudie utfördes där distribuerad kognition användes som analysverktyg. Studien genomfördes på en avdelning inom en organisation där förutsättningarna för att finna SKAMP ansågs som gynnsamma. Genom att anta ett distribuerat synsätt där observationer av avbrott och ”mismatches” i informationsflödet beaktats samt hur kognitiva processer implementeras i en grupp mynnade det analyserade materialet ut i fem kategorier av SKAMP: Problem med informationskoordinering, ”Bristande kommunikation”, ”gemensam lägesbildsaknas”, ”Brister i medierad kommunikation”, ”Otillräcklig kontroll och överblick”och ”Oklar holistisk helhetsmodell”. Dessa skall ses som komplement till de redan idag identifierade KAMP.

  • 9.
    Agapuu, Marie
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Svensson, Ingrid
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    En studie om elevers självkänsla: Elevers utsagor om uppmuntran och stöd i en sjätteklass2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    Abstract

     

    Study: Degree project in teacher education, Advanced level, 15hp

    University of Skövde

    Title: A study on students' self-esteem Students' statements on the encouragement and support in a sixth grade

    Number of pages: 26 pages

    Author: Marie Agapuu & Ingrid Svensson

    Tutor: Anna-Stina Ahlrik

    Date: January 2009

     

    Keywords: Self-esteem, encouragement, support

     

     

    A good self-esteem of students will often coincide with good academic performance, but it has also shown that students do not have low self-esteem due to low academic performance. Students' self-esteem is both a complex topic and concepts. We want this study to draw attention and to discuss teachers' efforts to enhance students' self-esteem in school. Encouragement and support of the school adopted in the study contribute to strengthening students' self-esteem. The study examines whether and how nine pupils in a sixth class is that they get encouragement and support of / from their teachers in school subjects and in learning situations. Of the results revealed that some students feel that the teacher encourages them through praise, it may be both written and oral. It further appeared that some students feel the support of teachers by allowing them to practice more on what they think is difficult and some students expressed that they do not receive any encouragement or no aid from their teachers. The results show that students have different difficult to perceive what is aid and what is encouragement from the teacher. The results illustrate the discussion we pupils statements in relation to the concept of self-esteem and our thoughts.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

  • 10.
    Agelii, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    TREATING HORROR WITH ECSTASY: Neurobiological Rationale for Treating Post- Traumatic Stress Disorder with 3,4- methylenedioxymethylamphetamine2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a disabling condition that afflicts 1-10% of the general population, with twice as high lifetime prevalence for women than men. Treatments exist, but none have proven reliable and consistent efficacy. A large minority of patients remain treatment-resistant despite undergoing several different types of treatment over extended periods of time. Recently completed studies in the U.S. and in Switzerland have demonstrated the potential of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)-assisted psychotherapy for treatment-resistant PTSD. One of the major problems of treating PTSD is the patients’ fear state and inability to form a therapeutic alliance. Both these issues can be facilitated through administration of MDMA; the psychological effects - such as heightened empathy, increased openness and diminished anxiety – seem well-suited for therapeutic purposes. The rationale behind treating PTSD with MDMA has been indicated in neuroimaging studies; MDMA affects some of the neural structures altered in patients with PTSD, most notably the amygdala and the ventromedial prefrontal cortex. Using the Schedule 1 substance MDMA for this purpose is however controversial; animal studies have indicated that MDMA is neurotoxic, although no adverse effects on humans related to incidental use of MDMA in a controlled setting have been found. In conclusion, the data support that MDMA may be an efficient tool for treating PTSD, as well as safe and effective to use in a clinical context.

  • 11.
    Aggestam, Lena
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    IT-supported Knowledge Repositories for Sharing Best Practices: Getting Dressed for Success2007In: International Technology, Education and Development Conference (INTED 2007), International Association for Technology, Education and Development, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Aggestam, Lena
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    IT-supported knowledge repositories: Increasing their Usefulness by Supporting Knowledge Capture2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Organizations use various resources to achieve business objectives, and for financial gain. In modern business, knowledge is a critical resource, and organizations cannot afford not to manage it. Knowledge Management (KM) aims to support learning and to create value for the organization. Based on three levels of inquiry (why, what, how), work presented in this thesis includes a synthesized view of the existing body of knowledge concerning KM and hence a holistic characterization of KM. This characterization reveals a strong dependency between KM and Learning Organization (LO). Neither of them can be successful without the other. We show that a KM project resulting in an IT-supported knowledge repository is a suitable way to start when the intention is to initiate KM work. Thus, our research focuses on ITsupported knowledge repositories.Large numbers of KM projects fail, and organizations lack support for their KM undertakings. These are the main problems that our research addresses. In order for an IT-supported knowledge repository to be successful, it must be used. Thus, the content of the repository is critical for success. Our work reveals that the process of capturing new knowledge is critical if the knowledge repository is to include relevant and updated knowledge. With the purpose of supporting the capture process, this thesis provides a detailed characterization of the capture process as well as guidance aiming to facilitate the implementation of the capture process in such a way that knowledge is continuously captured, also after the KM implementation project is completed. We argue that the continuous capture of new knowledge which can potentially be stored in the knowledge repository will, in the long term perspective, have a positive influence on the usefulness of the repository. This will most likely increase the number of users of the repository and accordingly increase the number of successful KM projects.All the work presented in this thesis is the result of a qualitative research process comprising a literature review and an empirical study that were carried out in parallel. The empirical study is a case study inspired by action research, which involved participation in the project Efficient Knowledge Management and Learning in Knowledge Intensive Organizations (EKLär).

  • 13.
    Aggestam, Lena
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Knowledge Losses in the Capturing Process2007In: Managing Worldwide Operations and Communications with Information Technology: Proceedings of the 18th Annual Information Resources Management Association (IRMA) Conference / [ed] Mehdi Khosrow-Pour, Idea Group Inc., 2007, p. 53-56Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Aggestam, Lena
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Wanted: A Framework for IT-supported KM2006In: Emerging Trends and Challenges in Information Technology: 2006 Information Resources Management Association International Conference, Washington, DC, USA, May 21-24, 2006 / [ed] Mehdi Khosrow-Pour, Idea Group Inc., 2006, p. 46-49Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Aggestam, Lena
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Backlund, Per
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Strategic Knowledge Management Issues when Designing Knowledge Repositories2007In: Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on Information Systems, ECIS 2007, Association for Information Systems, 2007, p. 528-539Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Knowledge forms an important asset in modern organisations. In order to gain and sustain competitive advantage knowledge has to be managed. One aspect of doing this is to build knowledge repositories. In this paper we extend the strategic knowledge management framework to betters suit the process of constructing knowledge repositories. The extended framework highlights, for example, the impact of organizational culture and the importance of distinguishing between the individual and organizational knowledge processes and relating them to each other. The application of the extended framework to analyze a case in the public health care sector revealed a number of important aspects in the preparation and implementation of a knowledge management project. In particular we highlight the importance of having a strategic vision and making the dual relationship between usage and design explicit when implementing a knowledge repository.

  • 16.
    Aggestam, Lena
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Backlund, Per
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Persson, Anne
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Supporting Knowledge Evaluation to Increase Quality in Electronic Knowledge Repositories2010In: International Journal of Knowledge Management, ISSN 1548-0666, E-ISSN 1548-0658, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 23-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Knowledge forms an important asset in modern organizations. In order to gain and sustain competitive advantage knowledge has to be managed. One aspect of this is to use Electronic Knowledge Repositories (EKR) to enhance knowledge sharing, reuse and learning. The success of an EKR is dependent on the quality of its content. For knowledge to be stored in an EKR, it has to be captured. One crucial part of the capture process is to evaluate whether the identified knowledge should be incorporated in the EKR or not. Therefore, to increase quality in an EKR, the evaluation stage of the capture process must be successfully carried out. Based on an interpretive field study and an extensive literature review, this paper identifies and characterizes Critical Success Factors (CSF) in the evaluation stage and presents guidance aiming to support implementation of the evaluation stage with the purpose to increase the quality of an EKR. In particular, the guidance supports the decision whether identified knowledge should be stored or not and it highlights the importance of performing evaluation addressing correctness, relevance, protection and redundancy. The characterization of the capture process contributes mainly to KM theory, and the guidance to KM practice.

  • 17.
    Aggestam, Lena
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Persson, Anne
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Increasing the Quality in IT-supported Knowledge Repositories: Critical Success Factors for Identifying Knowledge2010In: Proceedings of the 43rd Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 5-8 January 2010, Koloa, Kauai, Hawaii: Abstracts and CD-ROM of Full Papers / [ed] Ralph H. Sprague, Jr., IEEE Computer Society, 2010, p. 3329-3337Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    IT-supported knowledge repositories are an important part in Knowledge Management (KM) work. The success of an IT-supported knowledge repository is dependent on what is stored in the repository and hence the ability to capture the right knowledge is a key aspect. Therefore, to increase the quality in an ITsupported Knowledge Repository, the identify activity, which starts the capture process, must be successfully performed. While Critical Success Factors (CSF) for KM and KMS are frequently discussed in the literature, there is a knowledge gap concerning CSF for this specific knowledge capture activity. Based on an interpretive field study and a literature review, this paper proposes and characterizes CSF for the identify activity. For example, we highlight the importance of having organizational knowledge about what knowledge to capture and where to find it, i.e. having knowledge about potential sources of knowledge.

  • 18.
    Aggestam, Lena
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Persson, Anne
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Backlund, Per
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Evaluation criteria to increase information quality in electronic knowledge repositories2008In: Proceedings of the 16th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS), Association for Information Systems, 2008, p. 1814-1825Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Knowledge forms an important asset in modern organisations. In order to gain and sustain competitive advantage knowledge has to be managed. One aspect of this is to use Electronic Knowledge Repositories (EKRs) in order to enhance knowledge sharing, reuse and learning. The success of an EKR is dependent on the quality of its content. For knowledge to be stored in an EKR, it has to be captured. One crucial part of the capture process is to evaluate whether the identified knowledge should be incorporated in the EKR or not. Therefore, to increase information quality in an EKR, the evaluation stage of the capture process must be successfully performed. This paper characterizes Critical Success Factors (CSF) for knowledge evaluation and presents six evaluation criteria to guide the evaluation stage in order to increase information quality in EKR:s. In particular we highlight the importance of performing evaluation addressing correctness, relevance, protection and redundancy.

     

  • 19.
    Aggestam, Lena
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Söderström, Eva
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Guidelines for Preparing Organisations in Developing Countries for Standards-based B2B2008In: Emerging Markets and E-Commerce in Developing Economies / [ed] Kamel Rouibah, Omar E. M. Khalil, Aboul Ella Hassanien, IGI Global, 2008, p. 271-292Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Aggestam, Lena
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Söderström, Eva
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Managing Critical Success Factors in a B2B Setting2006In: IADIS International Journal on WWW/Internet, ISSN 1645-7641, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 96-110Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When information systems (IS) are developed and implemented, in any context, a number of success factors determine whether or not the effort will succeed. Attention to success factors helps to avoid some costly mistakes, and speeds up the way change is managed. This paper is focused on how to manage critical success factors (CSF) in organisations involved in standards-based Business-to-Business (B2B), with a focus on organisational CSFs. An existing CSF framework in IS planning is applied theoretically to a B2B setting. Activities in a B2B standards implementation model are compared and matched against the framework. Results show that the framework is suitable for planning B2B implementations, essentially for strategic planning. Based on these results we have developed concrete guidelines to be used in the planning phase by strategic planners. Future work will consist of empirical validation, further detailing the guidelines in order to develop a practically useful ”tool” for managing CSF in a B2B standards implementation.

  • 21.
    Aggestam, Lena
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Söderström, Eva
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Managing Critical Success Factors in a B2B Setting2005In: International Association for Development of the Information Society, e-commerce, 2005, p. 101-108Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Aggestam, Lena
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Söderström, Eva
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Persson, Anne
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Seven Types of Knowledge Loss in the Knowledge Capture Process2010In: Proceedings of the 18th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS 2010), Association for Information Systems, 2010, p. Paper 13-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Society is based on knowledge and the availability thereof. Access to knowledge empowers people, and organizations must reuse knowledge to be competitive. The right knowledge to the right person at the right time is important for success, and IT plays an important role in order to achieve this goal, for example in the form of Electronic Knowlege Repositories (EKR). The success of an EKR depends on what is stored therein, and the ability to capture the right knowledge is hence a key aspect. This, however, is a complex issue. The goal of this paper is to identify and describe different types of knowledge loss, seven of which have been identified and characterized. As an example, one knowledge loss shows that not all knowledge can be stored, and critical knowledge elements may therefore be lost when attempting to store it. Some knowledge loss may be desirable, since an organization should not want to store everything. The results contribute to capturing the right knowledge, and hence to successful EKR. The results thus contribute to elevating the competitive power of an organization.

  • 23.
    Aggestam, Lena
    et al.
    Region Västra Götaland, 40544, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    van Laere, Joeri
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    How to Successfully Apply Critical Success Factors in Healthcare Information Systems Development?: A Story from the Field2012In: Proceedings of the 20th European Conference on Information Systems, Barcelona, Spain 2012, Association for Information Systems, 2012, p. Paper 220-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many studies have focused on retrospectively identifying critical success factors (CSFs) for healthcare information system (HIS) development projects. In this paper the central question is how in advance selected CSFs can be applied in the best way. An action research study has been carried out in a large Swedish healthcare organization during 2010 and 2011 where the application of four CSFs has been planned, documented and reflected upon. Challenges are identified that may arise when tailoring general CSFs to situational circumstances. For example, the self-evident CSF of ?having a clear and accepted objective? becomes tricky and complex in practice when facing 15 autonomous boards that all need to support the project. Similar insights are gained for other CSFs. More research is needed to illuminate the complexities of how to apply CSFs. Another important observation is that different CSFs strengthen one another, which implies that they should be applied and analysed in concert rather than isolated. Finally, healthcare practitioners need to be aware that CSFs are very helpful, but that tailoring general CSFs to the unique situation of the HIS development project requires much effort and continuous reflection from a holistic perspective embedded in systems thinking.

  • 24.
    Agmell, Linda
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Hallgren, Eva
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Attityder till teoretiskaoch praktiska läxor: En elevstudie i årskurs 82008Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study about attitudes to theoretical and practical homework. Our interest in the

    subject emerged during our practical teacher training but is also influenced from our own

    VFU "practical teacher training" and our own time in school. All students have different ways

    of learning and as pedagogues we ought to try to individualize the education. We believe a

    practical homework could stimulate the students' different ways of learning. This is both a

    qualitative and a quantitative study. Our study is also experimental because we got three

    groups that did theoretical homework and three groups that, in addition, did a practical

    homework before a test. Both groups are important to our study. Then we examined which

    attitudes the students had to theoretical and practical homework by the means of a

    questionnaire, which measured the students attitudes to practical and theoretical homework.

    The study will be made in eight class. We are well aware that you can not generalize. We also

    compared the test with a test the students did previously, before are study took place. We

    completed the study with an interview with the students teacher in order to ask what she

    considered about the test results and practical homework. And if she believes the practical

    homework affects the result of the test. By this study we try the hypothesis that practical

    homework can stimulate students in their different ways of learning. The study shows that the

    students prefer a variation of both theoretical and practical homework.

  • 25.
    Agélii Hultström, Karin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Zetterström, Ann
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Är skolans mål möjliga att nå för alla?: Hinder och förutsättningar för elevers måluppfyllelse i kärnämnen ur ett lärarperspektiv2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The importance of education and lifelong learning are essential factors to ensure and stimulate economic growth in our country, to secure welfare and counteract polarisation of social classes. During the last five years statistics from the Swedish Board of Education shows a constant number of approximately 10 % of the students in year 9 who have not qualified for upper secondary education. This is because they have not attained the goals of the syllabus which require a pass in the core subjects of Swedish, mathematics and English. This fact is the reason for our investigation in which we illustrate teachers’ assertions and lines of arguments concerning impediments and preconditions for attaining the goals of the core subjects.

    In this qualitative study we have used interviews as our main approach. We have interviewed six teachers at five different schools in a medium size municipality in the south-west of Sweden. The study is divided into three levels, organization, group and individual level. On the organization level the key issues are school policy, school administration and the steering documents of the school. On the group level the key issues are the class/group and the working team and on the individual level the study focuses on the individual pupil/student and the individual teacher.

    The result indicates that the teachers’ lines of arguments were focused on his/her own role of importance for the pupils’/students’ attainments of the goals. Furthermore it appeared that the steering documents play an important part because they can be interpreted in many ways. Other factors shown in the study are that pupils/students are not motivated enough to do schoolwork and thereby reach the goals. There are pupils/students who are less talented and others who have a different cultural background and get enrolled in the Swedish school system late. They might therefore have difficulties attaining the goals. Thus our conclusion is; no it is not possible for every pupil/student to attain the goals of school!

    We use both the words pupil and student because we sometimes mean the younger children (pupils) but also the older ones (students).

  • 26.
    Ahl, Alexander
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Kreditbedömningar och Data Warehouse: En studie om riktlinjer för insamling, transformering och inladdning av kreditbedömningsinformation i Data Warehouse2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien har handlat om att ta fram riktlinjer för hur extrahering, transformering och inladdning (ETL) av kreditbedömningsinformation bör göras när det kommer till att införa ett Data Warehouse (DW). Ett kvalitativt angreppssätt har använts med både en fallstudie och en intervjustudie, där fallstudien genomfördes med Asitis AB som är en systemleverantör förfinans- och reskontrafinansiering (factoring) för att undersöka potentiella affärsmöjligheter med ett DW med kreditbedömningsinformation. Intervjustudien användes för att samla in värdefull information från individer inom alla berörda problemområden, och användes sedan i fallstudien. Resultatet var både framgångsfaktorer och fallgropar för ETL-processen med kreditbedömningsinformation som kan fungera som stöd för organisationer med detta behov. Det har visat sig att ETL-processen för kreditbedömningsinformation utgör ett område med stor potential för affärsmöjligheter, där det krävs hög kompetens, domänkunskap, proaktivitet och juridisk kunskap vid genomförande av ETL-processen.

  • 27.
    Ahlberg, Maria
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Broborg Karlsson, Madelene
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    "Det går i vågor, fram och tillbaks": Sex lärares berättelser om särskilda undervisningsgruppers förändringsprocessIndependent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish school has got students in special educational needs since elementary school was introduced 1842. How the education was designed and performed has been different from time to time. We wanted to take part of the teachers' experiences of special educational groups in a process of change over a thirty-year period, and if this process was propitious for the students in special educational needs. The study is qualitative with narrative research interviews as method. The narrative method aims to interpret and understand the teachers' stories. The result of the process change shows that the special educational groups have not changed during this period of time, according to the teachers, despite the organisational changes that has taken place. But however the approach against the students has changed, which we experience has favoured the students in a positive way.

  • 28.
    Ahlberg, Viktor
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Användandet av web services inom 24–timmarsmyndigheten2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Regeringen har en vision att en given fråga skall besvaras med ett samlat svar från flera myndigheter. För att lyckas med detta måste myndigheterna samarbeta i en större utsträckning än vad som sker i dag. Speciellt viktigt är det att information kan utbytas mellan myndigheterna på ett effektivt sätt. För att lyckas med detta så har statskontoret gått ut med att web services är en teknik som kan användas. Om tekniken skall kunna användas ut fullt krävs att det finns ett gemensamt register.

    I det här arbetet används enkäter för att undersöka i vilken utsträckning web services användes inom myndigheterna i dag, samt för att undersöka myndigheternas inställning till tekniken. Det visade sig att det fins en positiv inställning till web services. Dock finns det inget gemensamt register, vilket är oroande då det kan bidra till att dra ner tjänsteutbytet mellan myndigheterna.

  • 29.
    Ahlgren, Jonas
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Gemensamma mål bland främlingar i en komplex virtuell miljö: En kvalitativ studie kring spel och samarbete2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studier kring spel har under de senaste tio år fått stort genomslag i den akademiska världen. Datorspels påverkan på människans kognitiva förmågor har visat sig vara signifikant, även om övriga effekter av datorspel ännu diskuteras av forskare. Studier kring spel har gjorts, främst inom Massive Multiplayer Online (MMO) genren, men även några First Person Shooter- spel (FPS) även om fokus då varit professionella spelare. Undersökningens fokus var att studera hur samarbete uppstår i spel då icke professionella datorspelare spelar spel, men även studera vilken roll samarbete har i publika spel. Olika datainsamlingsmetoder användes för att stärka eventuella resultat. Resultaten indikerade att flera faktorer i spel kunde ha inverkan på spelares förmåga att samarbeta trots att den viktigaste faktorn vid skapande av samarbete handlar om att göra varje enskild spelare till en viktig komponent för att laget som helhet ska uppnå ett givet mål, något som olika spel gör i olika grad.

  • 30.
    Ahlstedt, Åsa
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Johansson, Terése
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Kartläggning av faktorer som påverkar acceptansen vid införande av telemedicin i ett utvecklingsland: IT som stöd för att bedriva vård över stora avstånd2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Allt fler organisationer väljer att förbättra sin verksamhet med hjälp av ett informationssystem. Användningen av datoriserade informationssystem ökar inom hälso- och sjukvården och sjuksköterskorna blir alltmer beroende av IT. Idag utgör telemedicinska tillämpningar en delmängd av alla de IT-tillämpningar som finns inom hälso- och sjukvården. Införandet av telemedicin bär med sig stora problem och hinder och ett av de mest kritiska problemen som bör försöka undvikas är utebliven användaracceptans. Då tidigare undersökningar inom telemedicin främst har genomförts i industriländer syftar detta arbete till att undersöka vilka faktorer som kan påverka acceptansen vid införande av telemedicin i utvecklingsländer. Genom att intervjua och observera sjuksköterskor och en systemutvecklare verksamma i ett telemedicinprojekt i Indien erhölls faktorer som har både en positivt och negativ inverkan på användaracceptansen vid införande av telemedicin. Faktorerna som framkom i resultatet var information och utbildning, upplevelsen av ny teknik, tidigare erfarenheter av datorer, inledande svårigheter vid användning av systemet, förståelsen för nyttan med systemet, användarmedverkan, användbarhet, begränsningar vid arbete med systemet, arbetsbelastning, mentala hinder, rädsla för att mista den yrkesverksamma friheten, förändringsovilja, fast i en gammal föreställning och teknikhinder.

  • 31.
    Ahlén, Björn
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Äldre och teknologiska hjälpmedel: interaktionsmönster som metod för att studera hur teknik i framtiden kan användas inom äldreomsorgen.2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ny teknologi har skapat nya möjligheter inom utvecklingen av teknologi för äldre. Kunskap behövs om de äldres behov och vilka situationer i vardagen som skulle kunna underlättas av teknik för att minska de äldres beroende av andra människor. I utvecklingen av ett interaktivt teknologiskt hjälpmedel en så kallad virtual companion har en etnografisk studie gjorts för att kartlägga vardagen på ett äldreboende och interaktionen mellan vårdgivare och vårdtagare. Dessa har strukturerats upp i interaktionsmönster för att bli ett underlag till funktioner som skall implementeras i hjälpmedlet.

  • 32.
    Ahlén, Niclas
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    ARAVQ som datareducerare för en klassificeringsuppgift inom datautvinning2004Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Adaptive Resource Allocating Vector Quantizer (ARAVQ) är en teknik för datareducering för mobila robotar. Tekniken har visats framgångsrik i enkla miljöer och det har spekulerats i att den kan fungera som ett generellt datautvinningsverktyg för tidsserier. I rapporten presenteras experiment där ARAVQ används som datareducerare på en artificiell respektive en fysiologisk datamängd inom en datautvinningskontext. Dessa datamängder skiljer sig från tidigare robotikmiljöer i och med att de beskriver objekt med diffusa eller överlappande gränser i indatarymden. Varje datamängd klassificeras efter datareduceringen med hjälp av artificiella neuronnät. Resultatet från experimenten tyder på att klassificering med ARAVQ som datareducerare uppnår ett betydligt lägre resultat än om ARAVQ inte används som datareducerare. Detta antas delvis bero på den låga generaliserbarheten hos de lösningar som skapas av ARAVQ. I diskussionen föreslås att ARAVQ skall kompletteras med en funktion för grannskap, motsvarande den som finns i Self-Organizing Map. Med ett grannskap behålls relationerna mellan de kluster som ARAVQ skapar, vilket antas minska följderna av att en beskrivning hamnar i ett grannkluster

  • 33.
    Akterhall, Joakim
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Artificiell intelligens - ANN och evolution i shooterspel2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta arbete undersöker hur två olika nätverksarkitekturer för artificiella neurala nätverk fungerar i en testmiljö av shooter-karaktär. De två arkitekturer som undersöks är ett feedforward-nätverk samt ett elman-nätverk som tränas med hjälp av evolutionära algoritmer. Skillnaden på de två valda nätverksarkitekturerna är att det sistnämnda har ett korttidsminne.

    Resultaten visar att det i den testmiljö som använts inte är någon skillnad på de två nätverksarkitekturerna, utan de uppnår i princip samma resultat. Dock så har de beteenden som nätverken uppnått visat på att det är möjligt att använda agenter som är skapade av artificiella neurala nätverk i ett shooter-spel och att de kan generera bra resultat.

    Något som inte fokuserats på i detta arbete men som skulle vara intressant att kolla vidare på, är till exempel förändring av storleken på nätverken eller att undersöka om ett långtidsminne på det rekurrenta nätverket hade förändrat resultatet.

  • 34.
    Akterhall, Pernilla
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Procedurella Texturer: Skapande av en procedurell textur utifrån en referensbild med hjälp av en genetisk algoritm2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Då dataspel blir mer grafiskt tilltalande för var år som går innebär detta också att mer utrymme behövs för att få plats med alla bildtexturer. Detta leder till att spel som annars skulle kunnat läggas ut på exempelvis XBOX Live Marketplace är för stora för att få plats där. Genom att byta ut vanliga bildtexturer mot procedurella texturer skulle detta problem kunna undvikas då de senare tar mindre plats än de förstnämnda.

    Denna uppsats tar upp och redovisar en metod för att återskapa bildtexturer som procedurella texturer, där en genetisk algoritm används för att evolvera fram procedurella texturer med visuella likheter med referenstexturen.

  • 35.
    Aktius, Malin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Nordahl, Mats
    Department of Applied Information Technology, Göteborg University and Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Ziemke, Tom
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    A Behavior-Based Model of the Hydra, Phylum Cnidaria2007In: 9th European Conference, ECAL 2007: Advances in Artificial Life, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2007, p. 1024-1033Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Behavior-based artificial systems, e.g. mobile robots, are frequently designed using (various degrees and levels of) biology as inspiration, but rarely modeled based on actual quantitative empirical data. This paper presents a data-driven behavior-based model of a simple biological organism, the hydra. Four constituent behaviors were implemented in a simulated animal, and the overall behavior organization was accomplished using a colony-style architecture (CSA). The results indicate that the CSA, using a priority-based behavioral hierarchy suggested in the literature, can be used to model behavioral properties like latency, activation threshold, habituation, and duration of the individual behaviors of the hydra. Limitations of this behavior-based approach are also discussed.

  • 36.
    Aktius, Malin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Ziemke, Tom
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Kognitiv robotik2012In: Kognitionsvetenskap / [ed] Jens Allwood, Mikael Jensen, Studentlitteratur, 2012, 1, p. 551-560Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Alajarva, Sami
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Användarverifiering från webbkamera2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetet som presenteras i den här rapporten handlar om ansiktsigenkänning från webbkameror med hjälp av principal component analysis samt artificiella neurala nätverk av typen feedforward. Arbetet förbättrar tekniken med hjälp av filterbaserade metoder som bland annat används inom ansiktsdetektering. Dessa filter bygger på att skicka med redundant data av delregioner av ansiktet.

  • 38.
    Albin, Christoffer
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Ponies i Westport: En analys av narrativa aspekter i estetiska moddar2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta arbete har fokuserat på spelarens uppfattning av estetiska moddar utifrån Mieke Bals taxonomi.Först beskrivdes den teoretiska grunden genom att förklara koncepten modd, Mieke Bals taxonomi, intertextualitet samt problematiken med Bal applicerat på visuella medier. Arbetets frågeställning sammanfattades som: hur förändras uppfattningen av ett spelnarrativ utifrån enbart estetiska förändringar och intertextualitet?För att besvara frågeställningen skapades en artefakt gjord under praktik på Double Zero One Zero baserat på deras spel The Westport Independent som ersatte representationen av karaktärerna med karaktärer från My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic. Därefter fick fem personer läsa artefakten och intervjuades enligt en semistrukturerad metod för att analysera deras uppfattningar.Resultatet visade på att även om Respondenten hävdade att detta var samma narrativ förändrades uppfattningen om den estetiska genren och karaktärerna. Därtill kunde det konstateras att deltagarna upplevde en annan tolkning av texten.

  • 39.
    Aldenmyr, Sara Irisdotter
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Jepson Wigg, Ulrika
    Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Olson, Maria
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Worries and possibilities in active citizenship: Three Swedish educational contexts2012In: Education, Citizenship and Social Justice, ISSN 1746-1979, E-ISSN 1746-1987, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 255-270Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines how the concept of active citizenship has been given a neo-liberal character by examining practice in three different educational contexts in Sweden. The concept of active citizenship has become influential in educational policy and practice throughout the European Union. The aim of this article is to highlight concerns at how this concept has come to be re-shaped by neo-liberal principles in Swedish education. The analysis highlights three themes, based on voice, ethical awareness and complexity and mutuality of lived experience, and argues that they provide the basis for a shift away from the present neo-liberal colouring of the concept.

  • 40.
    Alenljung, Beatrice
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Decision-making in the Requirements Engineering Process: A Human-centred Approach2005Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Complex decision-making is a prominent aspect of requirements engineering and the need for improved decision support for requirements engineers has been identified by a number of authors. A first step toward better decision support in requirements engineering is to understand decision-makers’ complex decision situations. To gain a holistic perspective of the decision situation from a decision-makers perspective, a decision situation framework has been created. The framework evolved through a literature analysis of decision support systems and decision-making theories. The decision situation of requirements engineers has been studied at Ericsson Microwave Systems and is described in this thesis. Aspects of decision situations are decision matters, decision-making activities, and decision processes. Another aspect of decision situations is the factors that affect the decision-maker. A number of interrelated factors have been identified. Each factor consists of problems and these are related to decision-making theories. The consequences of this for requirements engineering decision support, represented as a list that consists of desirable high-level characteristics, are also discussed.

  • 41.
    Alenljung, Beatrice
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Envisioning a future decision support system for requirements engineering: A holistic and human-centred perspective2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Alenljung, Beatrice
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Nilsson, Maria
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Beslutstödssystem2012In: Kognitionsvetenskap / [ed] Jens Allwood, Mikael Jensen, Studentlitteratur, 2012, 1, p. 595-602Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Alenljung, Beatrice
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Nilsson, Maria
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Människa-dator-interaktion2012In: Kognitionsvetenskap / [ed] Jens Allwood, Mikael Jensen, Studentlitteratur, 2012, 1, p. 573-581Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 44.
    Alenljung, Beatrice
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Persson, Anne
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Decision-making activities in the requirements engineering decision processes: A case study2006In: the 14th International Conference on Information Systems Development: ISD 2005 / [ed] Nilsson, AG; Gustas, R; Wojtkowski, W; Wojtkowski, WG; Wrycza, S; Zupancic, J, Springer, 2006, p. 707-718Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Complex decision-making is a prominent aspect of requirements engineering and the need for improved decision support for requirements engineers has been identified by a number of authors. A first step toward better decision support is to understand decision-makers’ complex decision situations. Aspects of decision situations are decision matters, decision-making activities, and decision processes. In this paper we present two requirements engineering decision processes and their decision-making activities and decision matters. These were identified in a case study conducted at Ericsson Microwave Systems. We also discuss the consequences of these for requirements engineering decision support.

  • 45.
    Alenljung, Beatrice
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Persson, Anne
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Decision-making from the decision-maker's perspective: A framework for analysing decision situations2005In: BIR 2005: proceedings of the 4th international conference on business informatics research / [ed] Per Backlund, Sven Carlsson, Eva Söderström, Skövde: Skövde University , 2005, p. 13-22Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Alenljung, Beatrice
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Persson, Anne
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    DESCRY: A Method for Evaluating Decision-Supporting Capabilities of Requirements Engineering2008In: Requirements Engineering: Foundation for Software Quality: 14th International Working Conference, REFSQ 2008, Montpellier, France, June 16-17, 2008, Proceedings / [ed] Barbara Paech, Colette Rolland, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2008, p. 52-57Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Complex decision-making is a prominent aspect of requirements engineering (RE) and the need for improved decision support for RE decision-makers has been identified by a number of authors in the research literature. Decision-supporting features and qualities can be integrated in RE tools. Thus, there is a need to evaluate the decision-supporting capabilities of RE tools. In this paper, we introduce a summative, criteria-based evaluation method termed DESCRY, which purpose is to investigate to what extent RE tools have decision-supporting capabilities. The criteria and their related questions are empirically as well as theoretically grounded.

  • 47.
    Alenljung, Beatrice
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Persson, Anne
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Factors that affect requirements engineers in their decision situations: A case study2005In: Proceedings of the 11th International Workshop on Requirements Engineering: Foundation for Software Quality: REFSQ'05: in conjunction with CAiSE '05, 13-14 June 2005, Porto, Portugal / [ed] Erik Kamsties, Essen: Universität Duisburg-Essen , 2005, p. 101-108Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Alenljung, Beatrice
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Persson, Anne
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Portraying the practice of decision-making in requirements engineering: a case of large scale bespoke development2008In: Requirements Engineering, ISSN 0947-3602, E-ISSN 1432-010X, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 257-279Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     

    Complex decision-making is a prominent aspect of requirements engineering (RE) and the need for improved decision support for RE decision-makers has been identified by a number of authors in the research literature. A first step toward better decision support in requirements engineering is to understand multifaceted decision situations of decision-makers. In this paper, the focus is on RE decision-making in large scale bespoke development. The decision situation of RE decision-makers on a subsystem level has been studied at a systems engineering company and is depicted in this paper. These situations are described in terms of, e.g., RE decision matters, RE decision-making activities, and RE decision processes. Factors that affect RE decision-makers are also identified.

     

  • 49.
    Alenljung, Beatrice
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Persson, Anne
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Supporting requirement-based decision-making in the software engineering process: A position paper2004In: The Tenth International Workshop on Requirements Engineering: Foundation for Software Quality (REFSQ 2004), 2004, p. 63-68Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Alexander, Wallberg
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Designa för rörelse: En studie i accelerometerbaserade kontrollscheman2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns i dagsläget gott om spelplattformar med stöd för accelerometer.

    När spel skall utvecklas mot dessa spelplattformar så är det viktig att ställa frågorna. är det lämpligt att använda accelerometern? Vilka problem innebär det? Är andra alternativ mer lämpliga?

    I detta arbete behandlas spelet Flygplan. Är accelerometer en lämplig kontrolltyp till flygplan eller är ett tangentbord mer lämpligt. För att få svar på frågorna utvecklades en prototyp av Flygplan med de två kontrolltyperna. Prototypen genomgick sedan tester. Resultatet visade att tangentbordskontrollen var lättare att använda än accelerometerkontrollen, skillnaden var marginell. Skillnader bestod av hur de olika kontrolltyperna användes för att styra i Flygplan, samt att spelare hade större erfarenhet av tangentbord. Fortsatt arbete med Flygplan skulle innebära att utveckla det till ett fullt spel anpassat till en mobil plattform t.ex. iPhone.

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