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  • 1.
    Abarca-Gómez, Leandra
    et al.
    Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social, Costa Rica.
    Eiben, Gabriele
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Ezzati, Majid
    School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom.
    Worldwide trends in body-mass index, underweight, overweight, and obesity from 1975 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 2416 population-based measurement studies in 128·9 million children, adolescents, and adults2017In: The Lancet, ISSN 0140-6736, E-ISSN 1474-547X, Vol. 390, no 10113, p. 2627-2642Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Underweight, overweight, and obesity in childhood and adolescence are associated with adverse health consequences throughout the life-course. Our aim was to estimate worldwide trends in mean body-mass index (BMI) and a comprehensive set of BMI categories that cover underweight to obesity in children and adolescents, and to compare trends with those of adults.

    METHODS: We pooled 2416 population-based studies with measurements of height and weight on 128·9 million participants aged 5 years and older, including 31·5 million aged 5-19 years. We used a Bayesian hierarchical model to estimate trends from 1975 to 2016 in 200 countries for mean BMI and for prevalence of BMI in the following categories for children and adolescents aged 5-19 years: more than 2 SD below the median of the WHO growth reference for children and adolescents (referred to as moderate and severe underweight hereafter), 2 SD to more than 1 SD below the median (mild underweight), 1 SD below the median to 1 SD above the median (healthy weight), more than 1 SD to 2 SD above the median (overweight but not obese), and more than 2 SD above the median (obesity).

    FINDINGS: Regional change in age-standardised mean BMI in girls from 1975 to 2016 ranged from virtually no change (-0·01 kg/m(2) per decade; 95% credible interval -0·42 to 0·39, posterior probability [PP] of the observed decrease being a true decrease=0·5098) in eastern Europe to an increase of 1·00 kg/m(2) per decade (0·69-1·35, PP>0·9999) in central Latin America and an increase of 0·95 kg/m(2) per decade (0·64-1·25, PP>0·9999) in Polynesia and Micronesia. The range for boys was from a non-significant increase of 0·09 kg/m(2) per decade (-0·33 to 0·49, PP=0·6926) in eastern Europe to an increase of 0·77 kg/m(2) per decade (0·50-1·06, PP>0·9999) in Polynesia and Micronesia. Trends in mean BMI have recently flattened in northwestern Europe and the high-income English-speaking and Asia-Pacific regions for both sexes, southwestern Europe for boys, and central and Andean Latin America for girls. By contrast, the rise in BMI has accelerated in east and south Asia for both sexes, and southeast Asia for boys. Global age-standardised prevalence of obesity increased from 0·7% (0·4-1·2) in 1975 to 5·6% (4·8-6·5) in 2016 in girls, and from 0·9% (0·5-1·3) in 1975 to 7·8% (6·7-9·1) in 2016 in boys; the prevalence of moderate and severe underweight decreased from 9·2% (6·0-12·9) in 1975 to 8·4% (6·8-10·1) in 2016 in girls and from 14·8% (10·4-19·5) in 1975 to 12·4% (10·3-14·5) in 2016 in boys. Prevalence of moderate and severe underweight was highest in India, at 22·7% (16·7-29·6) among girls and 30·7% (23·5-38·0) among boys. Prevalence of obesity was more than 30% in girls in Nauru, the Cook Islands, and Palau; and boys in the Cook Islands, Nauru, Palau, Niue, and American Samoa in 2016. Prevalence of obesity was about 20% or more in several countries in Polynesia and Micronesia, the Middle East and north Africa, the Caribbean, and the USA. In 2016, 75 (44-117) million girls and 117 (70-178) million boys worldwide were moderately or severely underweight. In the same year, 50 (24-89) million girls and 74 (39-125) million boys worldwide were obese.

    INTERPRETATION: The rising trends in children's and adolescents' BMI have plateaued in many high-income countries, albeit at high levels, but have accelerated in parts of Asia, with trends no longer correlated with those of adults.

    FUNDING: Wellcome Trust, AstraZeneca Young Health Programme.

  • 2.
    Abdul Hadi, Bisan
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. Miss.
    Bandic, Ermina
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Att vårda patienter med malnutrition: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Malnutrition means an imbalance between nutrition and energy that goes to the bodytissues and the existing need. With age, the physiological functions of the body change which have a bearing on the intake of food and fluid. Malnutrition can cause multiple consequences for the elderly, such as increased fall risk, reduced quality of life, increased hospitalization and mortality. The nurse has an essential role in the field of elderly care to assess, plan and implement measures regarding the nutrient and fluid intake of the elderly. Aim: The aim was to describe nurses experiences when it comes to nursing patients with malnutrition. Method: A literature review where data material consisted qualitative and quantitative article. Results: Five areas identified; knowledge by education, cooperation with different professions, nurses' work environment, dialogue for anamnesis and the use of assessment instrument. Conclusion: There is a need for increased knowledge in the care of patients with malnutrition because increased knowledge leads to less insecurity for the nurse.

  • 3.
    Abdulahad, Nathalie
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Holmström, Jannike
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Anorexia Nervosa: Friskförklarade kvinnors upplevelser kring orsaksfaktorer för insjuknande2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Anorexia is a global issue but occurs mainly in the Western world. Anorexia nervosa is a complex disease caused by biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors which often interacts with each other. The purpose of this phenomenological study is to gain a greater understanding of how recovered women created meaning in their illness and if there are mutual factors in their life-stories. We have especially focused on family patterns and the communication within the family. We have based our study on symbolic interactionism as our theoretical perspective. The study is of a qualitative nature and we used semi structured interviews which later were interpreted from a hermeneutic phenomenological approach. In our result we could see that creating meaning was central throughout the disease and was expressed in different ways by our respondents. Ten themes appeared and the most vital findings were that anorexia was an active action and that it is an expression for self-hatred and low self-esteem. We could also see that lack of expression regarding emotions within the families and not being emotionally recognized by their parents were crucial factors. The most important result was the respondents own perception of anorexia as a symbolizing action and the content of the disease is about so much more than weight and looks.

  • 4.
    Aboagye, Stella
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Johansson, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Kvinnans förlossningsrädsla i fokus - Ur barnmorskor inom barnmorskemottagningens perspektiv: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Midwives working at maternal care center experience insufficient knowledge about how professional support can be offered to pregnant women. It´s important that pregnant women with tocophobia receive professional care from midwives during the entire pregnancy.

    Purpose: The aim of the study is to highlight maternal care midwives’ experiences providing professional support for pregnant women who fear of giving birth.

    Method: A qualitative interview study with inductive approach was chosen for this study to gain broader view of the BMM midwives' experiences. Seven midwives were interviewed at two BMM in southwestern Sweden.

    Results: There were two main categories "Women's fear of childbirth tokophobia". There were two subcategories "Midwife's experiences about women's lack of knowledge about fear of childbirth" and "Guide pregnant women to correct care effort". Midwives offer professional support from their own experience when women express fear of birth. This through midwives being responsive when incuayaring causes to tokophobia women. in focus" and "Midwife's need for resources and knowledge about women`s

    Conclusion: BMM midwives need continuous education about fear of childbirth in order to offer women prophetic support. BMM occupational managers should offer midwives right prerequisites for midwives to feel safe by providing care to women suffering from tokophobia.

  • 5.
    Abraham, Klaus
    et al.
    BfR Fed Inst Risk Assessment, Natl Breastfeeding Comm, Berlin, Germany.
    Brennan, Christine
    Stillforderung Schweiz, Bern, Switzerland.
    Cattaneo, Adriano
    Univ La Laguna, Breastfeeding Comm Spanish Pediat Assoc, Tenerife, Spain.
    Gomez, Marta Diaz
    Univ La Laguna, Breastfeeding Comm Spanish Pediat Assoc, Tenerife, Spain.
    Grguric, Josip
    Univ Zagreb, UNICEF Off Croatia, Zagreb, Croatia.
    Solveig, Thorp Holmsen
    Oslo Univ Hosp, Norwegian Resource Ctr Breastfeeding, Oslo, Norway.
    Kylberg, Elisabeth
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    van Lonkhuijsen, Myrthe
    Nederlandse Vereniging van Lactatiekundigen, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Breastfeeding in Europe: Current Status and Perspectives2015In: Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, ISSN 0250-6807, E-ISSN 1421-9697, Vol. 67, p. 15-Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Abrahamsson, Elinor
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Backlund, Carola
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Vilka framgångsfaktorer är förknippade med en ökning av den fysiska aktiviteten hos tonåringar?: En litteraturöversikt2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 7.
    Abrahamsson, Frida
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Ekelund, Sophie
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    All kärlek är fin kärlek: Ungdomars kommunikation i bloggar om sex och relationer2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Under ungdomsåren förändras ungdomar fysiskt, emotionellt och kognitivt. De går in i en ny fas i livet och utvecklas från att vara barn till att bli vuxna. Under ungdomsåren etablerara och experimenterar ungdomar med vanor, attityder, tro samt livsstil. Vid ogynnsamma förhållanden kan olika riskbeteende öka. Bland ungdopmar idag ses en ökning av sexuellexponering på sociala medier. Etfersom internet idag är mer lättillgängligt än tidigare kan det medföra att ungdomar i högre utsträckning exponerar sig sexuellt, vilket kan leda till sexuella övergrepp och missbruk.

    Syfte: Är att beskriva vad ungdomar kommunicerar om i bloggar, angående sex och relationer.

    Metod: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys enligt Graneheim och Lundman användes där fem ungdomsbloggar i åldrarna 17-25 år användes och analyserades

    Resultat: Utifrån de analyserade ungdomsbloggarna framkom det två huvudkategorier; Samhällets trender påverkar ungdomars sexuella hälsa och Tillit har betydelse för relationen. Under kategorierna bildades sex underkategorier. I resultatet framkom det att ungdomar kommunicerar i stor utsträckning om sex och relationer på sociala forum. De ansåg att det idag är mer accepterat med olika sexuella läggningar och familjekonstellationer samt diskuterades dagens könsideal. Det uttrycktes en negativ syn på hormonella preventivmedel. Bloggarna uttryckte att det var viktigt med bekräftelse i en relation.

    Konklusion: Ungdomar kommunicerar brett om sex och relationer på nätet, där de har en possitiv inställning till alternativa familjekontellationer. Synen på preventivmedel var negativ bland annat på grund av dess biverkningar och de förespråkade istället hormonfria alternativ. Relationer kan påverkas av olika förändringar i livet och att vara offentlig på internet kan upplevas som ansträngande för relationen.

  • 8.
    Abulafia, Carolina
    et al.
    FLENI Foundation Department of Psychiatry, Buenos Aires, Argentina / Applied Neuroscience Laboratory, Institute for Biomedical Research, School of Medical Sciences, Universidad Católica Argentina, Buenos Aires, Argentina / Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    Duarte-Abritta, Bárbara
    FLENI Foundation Department of Psychiatry, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    Villarreal, Mirta F.
    FLENI Foundation Department of Psychiatry, Buenos Aires, Argentina / Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    Ladrón-de-Guevara, Maria S.
    FLENI Foundation Department of Psychiatry, Buenos Aires, Argentina / Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    Garcia, Celeste
    FLENI Foundation Department of Psychiatry, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    Sequeyra, Geraldine
    FLENI Foundation Department of Psychiatry, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    Sevlever, Gustavo
    FLENI Foundation Department of Psychiatry, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    Fiorentini, Leticia
    FLENI Foundation Department of Psychiatry, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    Bär, Karl-Jürgen
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Universitätsklinikum Jena, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität, Jena, Germany.
    Gustafson, Deborah R.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education. Department of Neurology, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, USA / Neuropsychiatric Epidemiology Unit, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Vigo, Daniel E.
    Applied Neuroscience Laboratory, Institute for Biomedical Research, School of Medical Sciences, Universidad Católica Argentina, Buenos Aires, Argentina / Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    Guinjoan, Salvador M.
    FLENI Foundation Department of Psychiatry, Buenos Aires, Argentina / Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Buenos Aires, Argentina / FLENI Teaching Unit, Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Buenos Aires School of Medicine, Buenos Aires, Argentina / Department of Neurophysiology, University of Buenos Aires School of Psychology, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    Relationship between Cognitive and Sleep-wake Variables in Asymptomatic Offspring of Patients with Late-onset Alzheimer's Disease2017In: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, ISSN 1663-4365, E-ISSN 1663-4365, Vol. 9, article id 93Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Early neuropathological changes characteristic of late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD) involve brain stem and limbic structures that regulate neurovegetative functions, including sleep-wake rhythm. Indeed, sleep pattern is an emerging biomarker and a potential pathophysiological mechanism in LOAD. We hypothesized that cognitively asymptomatic, middle-aged offspring of patients with LOAD (O-LOAD) would display a series of circadian rhythm abnormalities prior to the onset of objective cognitive alterations. We tested 31 children of patients with LOAD (O-LOAD) and 19 healthy individuals without family history of Alzheimer's disease (control subjects, CS) with basic tests of cognitive function, as well as actigraphy measures of sleep-wake rhythm, cardiac autonomic function, and bodily temperature. Unexpectedly, O-LOAD displayed subtle but significant deficits in verbal episodic memory (Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test delayed recall 10.6 +/- 0.4 vs. 8.6 +/- 0.6, t = 4.97, df = 49, p < 0.01) and language (Weschler's vocabulary 51.4 +/- 1.3 vs. 44.3 +/- 1.5, t = 2.49, df = 49, p < 0.001) compared to CS, even though all participants had results within the clinically normal range. O-LOAD showed a phase-delayed rhythm of body temperature (2.56 +/- 0.47 h vs. 3.8 +/- 0.26 h, t = 2.48, df = 40, p = 0.031). Cognitive performance in O-LOAD was associated with a series of cardiac autonomic sleep-wake variables; specifically indicators of greater sympathetic activity at night were related to poorer cognition. The present results suggest sleep pattern deserves further study as a potential neurobiological signature in LOAD, even in middle-aged, at risk individuals.

  • 9.
    Aden, Najmo
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Luwedde, Jalia
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Närståendes upplevelser efter att en anhörig har begått suicid: En litteraturstudie baserad på självbiografier2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Suicide is self-destructive act that leads to death and is usually a consequence of mental illness and disease. Suicide also leads to great suffering for the relatives left behind. The nurse’s role in cases like these is therefore to acknowledge and support relatives in their grieving process. Aim: Is to describe relatives’ lived experiences after their next of kin commits suicide in order to create an understanding on how nurses can respond to their needs. Method: The study was based on seven autobiographies. Dahborg-lyckhage’s method for analyzing narratives was used to analyze the chosen biographies. Results: The results describe the relatives’ feelings like guilt, shame, relief among others and reactions after their next of kin’s suicide. They experienced avoidance by people in their surroundings. They also lacked professional support to assist them in their bereavement and had to reach out for it themselves. Conclusion: Nurses have a role to fulfill with supporting relatives in their grieving process with aim to help on improving their wellbeing and relieve their suffering. Information about support groups and helpful organizations like SPES as a form of social support can be very helpful in achieving this.

  • 10.
    Adolfsson, Lisa
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    ATT LEVA MED HIV/AIDS I SYDAFRIKA: en litteraturöversikt2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    BAKGRUND: Humant Immunbrist Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) är en pandemi som hårdast drabbat utvecklingsländer i världen. I Sydafrika är 6,300 000 HIV/AIDS positiva. Studier visar att människor som lever i fattigdom utsätts för den största risken att bli drabbad av HIV/AIDS, då utbildning och möjligheten till val av livsstil är låg. Skam och stigmatisering drabbar både människan i fråga och dess närstående. SYFTE: Syftet med studien är att beskriva Sydafrikanska människor upplevelse av sin livssituation efter en HIV/AIDS diagnos. METOD: Litteraturöversikt, åtta artiklar har analyserats för att nå arbetets resultat. RESULTAT: Resultatet är uppbyggt under tre huvudteman; Egenupplevt och samhällets skuldbeläggande hos HIV/AIDS-positiva människor, Viktiga faktorer för att uppnå en känsla av hälsa hos HIV/AIDS-positiva människor samt Behov och längtan av stöd från närstående. Resultatet beskriver att den drabbade värderar anonymitet högt för att undvika samhällets stigmatisering. Gott bemötande hos vårdpersonalen visade sig också vara en viktig faktor för välbefinnande hos människan, men även stöd från familj. Stödet från familjen upplevdes dock i vissa fall som svårt att finna. DISKUSSION: Stigma som är ett stort problem hos den drabbade skulle kunna minskas med utbildning och spridning av kunskap hos allmänheten. Bemötande som ger människan en känsla av trygghet och ett system som är gynnsamt för individens anonymitet är eftersökt. Detta trots att forskning visar att en öppenhet uppmuntras hos de HIV positiva för att minska stigma. Rädslan är dock för stor för att detta skulle kunna bli aktuellt för många

  • 11.
    Adolfsson, Maria
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Hellström, Mimmi
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Fysisk aktivitet och den byggda miljön2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Inledning: Trots vetskapen om vikten av fysisk aktivitet rör männiksor på sig allt mindre, vilket kan bero på ändrade förutsättningar i samhället. En väletablerad faktor, som påverkar intresset för att vara fysisk aktiv, är den byggda miljön. Syftet med litteraturöversikten är därför att beskriva vilka faktorer i den byggda miljön som främjar fysisk aktiviet hos vuxna kvinnor och män. Metod: Uppsatsen utgår från metoden litteraturöersikt och är baserad på tio vetenskapliga originalartiklar. Resultat: Genom analyser av de tio vetenskapliga artiklarna kunde fyra teman urskiljas; tillgänglighet till cyckel- och gångvägar, avstånd till grönområden och parker, miljömässiga faktorer och faciliteter samt antal parker/grönområden och deras areal. Diskussion: Faktorer som lättillgänglighet till cykel- och gångvägar, litet avstånd till grönområden och parker samt faciliteter i den byggda miljön visade sig främja rörelse. Även antal parker/grönområden och deras areal gynnade fysisk aktivitet hos vuxna kvinnor och män. Några resultat visade dock andra utgångar där avståndet till gröna ytor samt att antalet parker inte var av signifikant betydelse för fysisk aktivitet. 

  • 12.
    Ahlin, Elin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Simon, Helena
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Distriktssköterskors erfarenheter av att stödja patienter med hypertoni till livsstilsförändringar2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Hypertension is a public health problem and a major risk factor for developing cardiovascular disease. The basis for the nursing care is lifestyle changes. District nurses´ role includes to advise, motivate and support life style changes, as well as to promote patient participation and autonomy, through an equal and mutual communication.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to illuminate experiences of district nurses supporting patients with hypertension to make lifestyle changes.

    Method: The data were analyzed by qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach. Eight district nurses responsible for hypertensive patients were interviewed.

    Results: Three categories emerged from the data analysis: Initiates cooperation; Confirms the individual and Adapts nursing for the patient, with six subcategories.

    Conclusion: The district nurses perceived their role as central, important, and responsible when providing advice and instruction. They also considered themselves as an important link between the patient and other actors. Responsiveness of the patient's life context, as well as using a communication strategy when giving counseling on lifestyle changes were considered important to promote patient participation and autonomy. To motivate lifestyle changes individually was described as a difficulty and district nurses expressed frustration with the lack of time for follow-up.

  • 13.
    Ahmadi, Nasser S.
    et al.
    Department of Public Health and Community Medicine/Primary Health Care, The Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Bennet, Louise
    Department of Clinical Sciences in Malmö, Family Medicine, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Larsson, Charlotte A.
    Department of Public Health and Community Medicine/Primary Health Care, The Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden / Department of Clinical Sciences in Malmö, Social Medicine and Global Health, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Andersson, Susanne
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Månsson, Jörgen
    Department of Public Health and Community Medicine/Primary Health Care, The Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, SwedenDepartment of Public Health and Community Medicine/Primary Health Care, The Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Lindblad, Ulf
    Department of Public Health and Community Medicine/Primary Health Care, The Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Clinical characteristics of asymptomatic left ventricular diastolic dysfunction and its association with self-rated health and N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide: a cross-sectional study2016In: ESC Heart Failure, E-ISSN 2055-5822, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 205-211Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AimsLeft ventricular hypertrophy, obesity, hypertension, and N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide (Nt-proBNP) predict left ventricular diastolic dysfunction with preserved systolic function (DD-PSF). Self-rated health (SRH) is shown to be associated with chronic diseases, but the association of SRH with DD-PSF is unclear. In light of the clinical implications of DD-PSF, the following goals are of considerable importance: (1) to determine the role of SRH in patients with DD-PSF in the general population and (2) to study the association between Nt-proBNP and DD-PSF.

    Methods and resultsThe current study is a cross-sectional study conducted on a random sampling of a rural population. Individuals 30–75 years of age were consecutively subjected to conventional echocardiography and tissue velocity imaging. Data were collected on 500 (48%) men and 538 (52%) women (n = 1038). DD-PSF was the main outcome, and SRH and Nt-proBNP were the primary indicators. Diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and obesity were accounted for as major confounders of the association with SRH. DD-PSF was identified in 137 individuals, namely, 79 men (15.8%) and 58 women (10.8%). In a multivariate regression model, SRH (OR 2.95; 95% CI 1.02–8.57) and Nt-proBNP (quartile 4 vs. quartile 1 OR 4.23; 95% CI 1.74–10.26) were both independently associated with DD-PSF.

    ConclusionsSRH, evaluated based on a descriptive question on general health, should be included in the diagnostic process of DD-PSF. In agreement with previous studies, our study confirms that Nt-proBNP is a major indicator of DD-PSF.

  • 14.
    Albertsson, Josefin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Bergström, Matilda
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Copingstrategier hos patienter med KOL: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: COPD is a disease that affects the airways and the lungs. The disease is characterized by the patient having a limited airflow and the most common risk factor for COPD is tobacco smoke. COPD affects the entire lifeworld of the patient as the disease has both physical and mental impact and the patient is often in need of support. To handle stress-causing factors, people use different coping strategies, and these may vary depending on the situation, experience, and support available around the person. Aim: To describe coping strategies in patients with COPD and thereby create an understanding of these patients need for support. Method: The study is a literature review where nine articles with a qualitative approach and one article with a quantitative approach have been analyzed. Result: The result is presented with the categories Coping strategies for managing emotions and thoughts and Coping strategies that focus on change. In these categories different coping strategies of COPD patients are described in ten subcategories. Conclusion: Which coping strategies COPD-patients use depends on their lifeworld and what social and professional support is available around them. The coping strategies that focus on change are especially those who promote health, but other coping strategies are also common since the disease is associated with shame and guilt. The nurse must pay attention to the patients' coping strategies and provide them with support in implementing coping strategies that promote health. 

  • 15.
    Alemayehu, Samrawit
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Tranchell, Elin
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Kvinnors upplevelser efter en gastric bypass operation: Är gräset alltid grönare på andra sidan?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The worldwide prevalence of obesity has doubled in the last twenty years and is therefore classified as a global epidemic and is therefore a major health problem. This has initiated the gastric bypass surgery to increase. It is therefore important that nurses and people considering this operation have a better understanding and knowledge the life after the surgery. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe women's experiences after a gastric bypass surgery. Method: This study used qualitative method to study the blogs written by women who have gone through gastric bypass surgery. It contains 14 analysed blogs. Results/ Discussion: The result shows that women have a better quality of life when it´s easier for them to move around and don’t feel the discomfort when they are participating in social activities. However, there is a downside to the surgery. They find it difficult to adjust to the new lifestyle, in order to avoid the complications. Some of these women are also experiencing identity crisis. Conclusion: It is therefore significant for patients who have gone through gastric bypass surgery to get the support they need with attitudes and information about diet to have a healthy and permanent weight loss and lifestyle. Further research on how women experience the psychological health before and after the surgery needs to be done since obesity is increasing and more people are choosing this method for weight loss.

  • 16.
    Alexandersson, Sofia
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Pettersson, Johanna
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Distriktssköterskors upplevelser av telefonrådgivning inom primärvården i samtal med människor av annan etnisk bakgrund: En intervjustudie2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Telephone advice nursing is a big part of the assignment as a district nurse in primary care. The district nurse must have the ability to assess the urgency and health care need of the patients matter as well as provide information and self-care advice by telephone. As immigration is increasing in Sweden the calls to primary care from people with different ethnical background are most likely to increase along with it. Difficulties in communication and lack of visual contact might lead to misunderstanding and miscalculation regarding the patients matter. It is important that the district nurse can extract relevant information about the patient in order to assess the health care need.       Aim: The aim of the study was to illuminate the district nurses' experiences of telephone advice nursing in primary care regarding calls with people of different ethnic background. Method: A qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach was used in the study. The data was collected through interviews with seven district nurses. Results: The analysis revealed four themes; A threat to patient safety, Different points of view that collides, A challenge that require resources, Shifting emotions in telephone advice nursing.                                                                                                                                                     Conclusion: This study made it visible that there are difficulties in telephone advice nursing regarding calls with people who have different ethnic background, which could be a threat to patient safety. The result can provide increased awareness to this problem, and that telephone advice nursing to this group of people needs to be improved and adjusted.

     

  • 17.
    Alfredsson, Ellen
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Johansson, Evelina
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av telefonrådgivning: En litteraturöversikt2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Telephone counseling exists worldwide and it’s a easy way for the patient to come in contact with care.  The assessment process is made more difficult because the nurse can’t see the patient, which requires a broad knowledge. Telephone counseling is making it possible for the nurse to perform the nursing work without physically meet the patient. Aim: To describe the nurse's experience of telephone counseling. Method: A literature review based on 11 articles with qualitative approach. Results: Three categories emerged from the analysis; The sense of work, Meeting the patient in the telephone counseling and Doing your own assessments. The categories is supported a total of seven subcategories. Discussion: Nurses experience the work in telephone counseling as stressful, which can affect the caring relationship with the patient. In the assessment over the telephone the nurse ask more questions than at a physical meeting to create an understanding of the patient's life-world. This can lead to a more individualized care for the patient. Conclusion: The nurse feels that the work in telephone counseling is stimulating and rewarding. The caring relationship is crucial to how the nurses feel about their work. The nurse is experiencing some difficulties, one of these is to make decisions and an assessment without seeing patient.                

  • 18.
    Alfredsson, Malin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Johansson, Amanda
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    I väntan på ett nytt hjärta.2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In Sweden the primary reason for heart transplants is severe heart failure. Heart transplants are performed both at Sahlgrenska University hospital and at Skånes University hospital. Patient undergoing several extensive investigations before he or she will be considered for the waiting list. Primary factor for receiving a heart is first of all the patient who is in the greatest need of a new heart and the patient most suited to receive the donated heart. Previous studies show that patients feel the waiting time to be unpredictable. Aim: To describe patients’ experiences of the time before a heart transplant. Method: Qualitative content analysis was used as the analysis method and seven blogs were applied. Results: Life is seen from a new and different perspective. A common factor for patients with heart failure was the physical limitation they felt. Life stopped for a while, and a waiting to regain “life” grew strong. Family and nursing staff was thought to play an important role. To maintain a positive attitude was thought to be a criterion to manage the anticipations. Conclusion: A patient waiting for a heart transplant experiences a change in their life world. To allow proper care it is important that the nurse recognizes this change and acknowledge it.

  • 19.
    Alfredsson, Marina
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Eklöf, Emma
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Andersson Nielsen, Emma
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Flickor leker med dockor och pojkar leker med bilar, eller?2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we investigated girls and boys choices of games and choice of materials as well as different patterns of communication between the sexes. We have observed the children’s choice of play materials and games in preschool. Girls ' and boys' communication between each other were observed in three environments. These three environments comprised a typical girl playroom which included kitchen supplies, dolls and dress up clothes, a typical boy playroom which included building supplies, cars, and toy tools and a neutral room. Based on personal experience, girls often play in the girls’ playroom while boys often choose to play in the construction area. By observing in different environments, we could examine the importance of the environment for girls and boys of communication between each other. The study is based on the social learning theory which argues that children do as we do. That is children have role models and through them learn quickly the meaning of what is considered to be a girl or boy. This result shows that the pre various gender codes of the children's choice of games and materials, and in communication. I could see that the girls and boys often chose to play the same kind of games and play with the same material at the preschool. The boys were playing, however, more violent and played many racing and war games. The girls played more gently and quietly and played more care and beauty games. Despite the fact that both sexes used the same materials you could see clear gender patterns in their behavior. An example of this would be that the girls often shaped clay as pastries and food while the boys often shaped this as balls and old men. The girls also used the very pink, yellow, white and purple colors in their creations while the boys' choice of colors dominated by blue, green, brown and red. One could also see clear patterns of communication between girlsand boys. This is when the children on some occasions discussed the male and female characteristics and behaviors with each other. We have discussed the importance of the environment in children's creation of gender in preschool. Children talk about what's around them and it is important to create an environment where children can get a broader view of masculinity and femininity.

  • 20.
    Alfredsson, Pontus
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Hildorzon, Julia
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Att främja fysisk aktivitet hos gravida kvinnor2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: There is a gradual percentage increase in pregnant women who are overweight or obese in the west hemisphere. In Sweden, nearly 40 percent of those women are overweight and 10 percent are obese. One third of them are physically inactive which makes the research within public health highly relevant. Aim: To promote physical activity amongst pregnant women. Method: Ten research articles on the topic were reviewed to achieve a deeper understanding. By summarizing the most important and relevant points brought up in each article, a conclusion was formed. Those points where then categorized into three themes, which turned the study into a type of literature. Results: There are many factors that impact the pregnant women’s physical activity. These factors can be triggered by the actual pregnancy, such as symptoms causing the body to change. Location and environment is seen as important to help the promotion, such as social support and access to activities close to home. Effective interventions are diet and exercise consultations and measurable goals by using pedometers. Conclusion: The conclusion of this study was that several factors promoting pregnant women’s physical activity. Pregnant women are likely to follow the prenatal cares advice and therefore can interventions designed with the promoting factors integrated to prenatal care to achieve goals of public health.

  • 21.
    Algar, Natalie
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Skolsköterskors erfarenhet av möten med flickor som har ett självskadebeteende2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Research shows that mental disorders in children and adolescent is increasing, especially when it comes to teenage girls. This may increase anxiety in some girls, which they might handle by developing self-harm behavior. School nurses are able to pay attention to these girls through daily health promotion nursing work.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to describe the school nurse’s experience of meeting girls with self-harm behavior.

    Method: A qualitative method was used in the study and the result was analyzed according to meaning analysis. Six school nurse were interviewed by email interviews.

    Result: The study resulted in three meaning subjects; the girls are noted differently, experience of cooperation and create good relationships.

    Conclusion: The study showed that the school nurses meet girl with self-harm behavior, either through health interviews or by the environment warning that the girls feel bad. The study also shows that school nurses are experiencing frustration when cooperation with external actors such as children and adolescent psychiatry does not work and much of the responsibility is left with the school nurses. The study also showed that cooperation with parents is important when working with these girls. 

  • 22.
    Ali, Awaz
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    I språkverktyget ingår också digitala verktyg: En kvalitativ studie om digitala verktyg som stöd i läs- och skrivutveckling i förskolan2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, based on a socio-cultural perspective on learning, children’s use of different digital tools in the work with their development with reading and writing will be studied. The purpose of this research is to increase the capability to improve the reading and writing education in kindergarten with the help of different digital tools. The ambition is to, with the help of literature studies and practical work, be able to indicate that the children’s progress in the ability to read and write can be improved by introducing digital tools in the practical work in kindergarten. The overall aim of the study is to contribute to changing the children’s as well as the teachers’ approaches towards digital tools in the work with reading and writing development in kindergarten. A qualitative approach has been used with the help of inspiration from hermeneutics and phenomenography. In this research, nine children are interviewed, and thirty-three participatory observations are conducted during the period of one month. The result shows that every child who takes part in the research uses different kinds of digital tools in the work with reading and writing development. The result also shows that the use of digital tools is useful. Some of the opportunities that can be distinguished with the use of these tools are; language development, reading and writing development, development of motor skills, social skills and analytical skills as well as the development of digital skills. The discussion emphasizes the importance of conscious planning based on curricula, where digital tools are being used to complement the traditional education in kindergarten.

  • 23.
    Allard, Cecilia
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Ögnelod, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Triage på en akutmottagningen ur sjuksköterskors perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 24.
    Almersved, Karin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Bergmanson, Helena
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Sjuksköterskans omvårdnadsåtgärder för att lindra smärta hos äldre i hemsjukvården: Litteraturöversikt2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Our life expectancy is increasing, we are getting older. In home healthcare nurses meet older people living with pain. Pain that emanates from the muscles, skeletal and joints and prevents the elderly from living a good life. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe what nursing care measures can be used by nurses in home health care to relieve the pain. Method: Literature review was chosen as method. Five qualitative and three quantitative scientific articles were included. Findings: Three main categories emerged: Physical activity, Pharmacological treatment and Cognitive method. From these were discerned nine sub-categories: movement/rest, utilities, heating/cooling, massage, medication, knowledge, communication, continuity, diversion. Conclusion: In nursing pain includes several different parts. A combination of measures are required to alleviate pain. The nurse has an important role in the choice of measures.

  • 25.
    Almquist, Cecilia
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Svensson, Sara
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Långvarig ogiltig frånvaro i gymnasieskolan: Hur upplever gymnasieelever med långvarig ogiltig frånvaro sin skolsituation2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The occurrence of school absenteeism in Sweden is high among high school students. School absenteeism is a complex phenomenon with several causes and can lead to non-approved grades, unemployment, alienation and mental health issues.

    Purpose: The purpose is to describe how high school students with long-term invalid absence experience their school situation.

    Method: A qualitative method was used and the result was analyzed according to meaning analysis. Five informants participated in the study.

    Result: The study resulted in four meaning subjects which described the informants’ experiences: To experience victimization and injustice, to experience familiar and everyday relationship problems, to experience inadequate school adaption and to experience the needs of school improvements/changes.

    Conclusion: The study showed how important it is to adapt school to every unique student, both in an educational way and when it comes to efforts which make the student more involved and respected. School needs to address issues which involve the idea that no student should be exposed to bullying, victimization or harassments. The cause of the school absenteeism is in most cases related to the school activities. Students in this study experience that school has many areas which could be subject to improvements to avoid situations leading to chronic, invalid absenteeism. They don’t associate school with something positive and motivational, but something with a negative impact on their health.

  • 26.
    Almsand, Jessica
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Duell, Sara
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    ”Hinner jag få ett nytt hjärta i tid?”: - Unga kvinnors bloggar kring upplevelser av att vänta på en hjärttransplantation2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The number of performed heart transplants in Sweden is increasing and is now about fifty transplants per year. The primary reason for a heart transplant is severe heart failure. To suffer from heart failure as young is rare and trying. If heart transplantation becomes necessary the patient is placed on a waiting list where the median waiting time is three months. Previous research shows that nurses have an important role in the patient's experience during this time. Aim: The study aims to analyze and describe the experiences of young women facing a heart transplant.  Method: Qualitative content analysis is used as analytical method. Data consists of five blogs published on the Internet. Results: Young women waiting for a heart transplant experience physical limitations in daily life. Relatives, professionals and the environment are important to provide support and act as motivation in the situation. The uncertain waiting is incused by anxiety and fear of their own death. The waiting means that young women will have a new outlook on life. Conclusion: The lifeworld of young women drastically changed awaiting heart transplantation and it´s important for the nurse to recognize this change and frame the care thereafter.

  • 27.
    Alnelind, Gunilla
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Handledarens roll i arbetsplatsförlagt lärande2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 28.
    Alonso Lavén, Anna
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Sandberg, Kristin
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Ungdomars upplevelse av sex- och samlevnadsundervisning i skolan2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Sexuality education in school reaches out to all adolescents. Good knowledge about sex and relationship issues will strengthen their self-esteem and promote sexual health.

     

    Aim: The aim was to describe adolescents experiences of sexuality education in school.

     

    Method: The study was conducted with a qualitative approach. It is based on interviews with adolescents between 16-19 years old and the material was analyzed by using a qualitative meaning analysis.

     

    Results: The analysis revealed three categories: To experience a comfortable or uncomfortable teaching, the experience of getting needs and expectations satisfied, to experience the topic based on their own level of maturity.

     

    Conclusion:  Adolescents experiences of sexuality education varied depending on the person who was teaching and its approach to the subject. The educator's own feelings about the topic could lead to a sense of embarrassment, insecurity, or inspire greater interest and enjoyment of the subject. The expectations and needs were not satisfied, adolescents missed discussions about feelings, more detailed information about different sexual activities and more detailed information about the opposite sex. Adolescents would prefer to ask questions and show concerns about the subject towards professionals with secrecy, rather than talk openly in front of their classmates.

  • 29.
    Alpsten, Elisabet
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Ljungberg, Hanna
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Förskollärares uppfattningar av musiksamlingens roll i förskolan: En fenomenografisk studie2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 30.
    Alvvinter, Angelica
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Gustafsson, Ida
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    ”Mitt KUB grumlade hela graviditeten”: Kvinnors upplevelser relaterat till genomfört KUB2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The demand on prenatal diagnosis increases among expecting parents. CUB is the most common method for the matter but doesn’t provide any diagnosis. CUB only calculates the probability of a fetus with trisomy 13, 18 or 21. Women aren’t always aware of this. Hence, careful preparations and information are necessary. This study was performed to enhance knowledge in women’s experiences in relation to have undergone CUB. Aim: To describe women’s experiences related to having undergone CUB. Method: A qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach was used. Internet was used for data collection. This collection resulted in 10 threads from bulletin board Familjeliv.se and 12 blogs which became the base for data analysis. Result: The analysis resulted in one theme: CUB is seen as an opportunity to confirm the pregnancy but leads to mixed feelings which the midwives need to support in a trustful way. Anxiety and fear are the most common emotions mentioned among women who have undergone CUB. Women felt that midwives didn’t always provide enough information or the requested information. The encounters with midwives during CUB were described as stressful and even unpleasant. Conclusion: CUB is seen as an early way to confirm the pregnancy. To reduce the anxiety, midwives need to give individualised information. Anxiety tends to obscure the pregnancy and remain a long time.

  • 31.
    Améen, Sophie
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    The effect of DLG knockout, vitamin D and probiotic treatment on Drosophila gene expression2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Colorectal cancer is one of the most frequently diagnosed cancers today. Dlg is a tumor suppressor gene commonly silenced in cancer cells. Many colorectal cancer patients are subject to vitamin D3 deficiency and/ or an altered microbiome. Treatment using vitamin D3 or probiotics shown decreased cellular proliferation, invasiveness and induction of apoptosis. This study aimed to knockdown Dlg and map genetic interactions coupled to Dlg downregulation using a Drosophila model. Vitamin D3 and probiotic treatments were performed to investigate mechanism of action and capacity for Dlg rescue.

    Result and discussion: After vitamin D3 treatment, PGRP-SB1 (p<0.0001) and Drsl2 (p<0.0003) expression was significantly increased. These genes are part of the immune related Toll pathway suggesting its activation. Dlg and Veli (p=0.0042) upregulation could tentatively be through vitamin D receptor regulation of Wnt-signaling pathway, or direct VDR interaction. Traf6 and MPK2 (p38α) (p=0.0049) expression increased after vitamin D3 treatment suggesting MPK2 activation through Traf6. Pro-apoptotic pathways through Fas or Bax and decreased survival through inhibition of Pi3K/Akt and Ras/Raf pathways are also possible outcomes of MPK2 activation. Probiotic treatment increased PGRP-SB1 (p<0.0001) without enhanced Drsl2 expression, possibly activating the Imd pathway. JNK-induced apoptosis through Erg (p<0.0001) induction was speculated and increased Dlg (p=0.0113) expression was seen after probiotic treatment.

    Conclusion: Vitamin D3 and probiotic treatments increased Dlg expression. Genes linked to polarity, growth and apoptosis were also enhanced suggesting various mechanisms of action. Further studies concerning knockdown and treatments are needed to fully understand the true mechanisms of action and interactions.

  • 32.
    Anders, Gianluca
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Analysis of the effects of LIN7A and LIN7C upregulation and knockdown in neuroblastoma cells2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: LIN7 are a group of proteins that play a pivotal role in membrane protein localization and are thus important for cell adhesion and polarity. LIN7 proteins are shown to be important in neuroblastoma outcome, possibly through interactions with Disc-Large proteins (DLG). DLG2 has been shown to directly affect the regulation of LIN7A. Previous studies into the role of LIN7 have given conflicting results as to its nature.

    Methods: In this study we transfected LIN7A and LIN7C in SK-N-AS cells through the use of plasmids for upregulation and siRNA for knockdown of these genes. We also evaluated the expression levels of specific genes related to pathways such as PI3K, autophagy/lysosomal activity, AKT, etc., both independently and related to LIN7 expression through the R2 platform. Genes of interest were selected and then analyzed through qPCR.

    Results: Many of the genes that were significantly correlated when compared to LIN7A/C through R2 showed no significant expression correlation after experimentation. Some more functionally close genes to LIN7 were affected in a more predictable way such as CASK being upregulated after LIN7 knockdown, PTEN being downregulated upon LIN7 plasmid transfection while others such as FOXO3 also showed significant alterations.

    Conclusion: Many of the pathways discussed in this study are better studied through protein analysis due to the nature of the function of LIN7 proteins, however some downstream transcript changes were analyzed. Unexpectedly, the knockdown of both LIN7A and LIN7C displayed similar behavior to upregulation of LIN7A or LIN7C, possibly meaning that extreme expression differences have similar regulatory outcomes for some affected genes.

  • 33.
    Andersson, Alina
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Larsson, Lisa
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Patienterns upplevelser av behandlingar vid hematologisk cancer: En kvalitativ studie av bloggar2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: To go through treatment against haematological cancer means a big change in the daily life. Symptoms and side effects makes a big impact on both body and soul. Haematological cancer includes, in this study, three different types of cancer: leukemia, lymphoma and myeloma. The treatments given for haematological cancer involves stem cell transplant, radiation therapy and chemo therapy. Purpose: The purpose with this study was to describe patients’ experiences during treatments for haematological cancer. Method: The data was analyzed through a qualitative analysis of the context. Data were collected from six blogs. Result: Three categories emerged from the analysis; the new situation of the patients everyday life, the emotional rollercoaster and continuously comply with the body's limitations, with seven sub-categories. Conclusion: The result of this study has contributed with further knowledge about persons living with haematological cancer. This knowledge can help nurses give these patients a good, patient-centered care and raise their well-being.

  • 34.
    Andersson, Amanda
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Aronsson, Aina
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Upplevelser av att leva med bipolär sjukdom: En självbiografisk studie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Bipolar disorder is a chronic disease that entails suffering for the individual. The disease characterized by recurrent manic and depressive episodes. It affects the individual's lifeworld and his or her's health experience. The nurse has a significant role to support these patients.

    Aim: The aim is to describe patients' experiences of living with bipolar disorder.

    Method: A qualitative method was used and was based on six autobiographies analyzed with meaning analysis.

    Results: The results showed five themes. These are: the experience of living in the pitch-black darkness and the clearest light, the experience of shame, the experience of losing control of their life, the experience of fear and the sense of safty and support to reduce loneliness.

    Discussion: People with bipolar disorder experience both health and illness, depending on their current state of disease. The family and society have an impact on how the individual experience their existence. With support from a nurse the person can achieve control of the disease. Their reality is constantly changing and support from a nurse is important.

    Conclusion: People with bipolar disorder experience strong emotions that affect their lives. For people to feel seen and recognized the nurse must show candidness to the individual's unique lifeworld.

  • 35.
    Andersson, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    100-tals sidor som Är mer intressanta än det läraren talar om: Några elevers tankar om elevdatorer2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate students' perception of how computers are used in teaching. The question was to see if there are benefits, drawbacks, and if there are areas of change to use computers in teaching. Data Usage is increasing in today's society and in most schools, students get a private student computer use in education. Studies show that data usage will need to be individualized to better help the individual student. The wording of their school says that students should learn IT for their future profession and to better discuss with their consumers / patients. The method used is interviews. Six students in grades three to Health and care program in high school were interviewed. Four interviews were conducted in the study, three individual interviews and group interviews. The results indicate student computer means access to the student when it facilitates the ability to take notes. The computer prevents students in the teaching when it is watched on social media during class, making it difficult to focus on the teacher during the lesson. The computer makes it easier for students to organize their student records in a better way. The possibilities for change focused on improving their notes.

  • 36.
    Andersson, Annica
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Sjöberg, Emelie
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Att möta och upptäcka elever med suicidtankar- Skolsköterskors upplevelser2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Suicide attempts among adolescents is increasing rapidly. School nurses need to use communication skills that reflect compassion by creating trusting relationships, see and meet the student in their life-world and give hope.

     

    Purpose: To describe the school nurses' experiences of encountering and discovering students with suicidal thoughts.

     

    Method: The study is based on a qualitative meaning analysis where eight school nurses by email wrote stories about their experiences to answer the purpose.

     

    Results: School nurses experiences of discovering students with suicidal thoughts is to have knowledge about the different symptoms that can be displayed by the student. The school nurses experiences of these symptoms where: Destructive behaviours, depressive symptoms, psychosomatic symptoms and problematic home situations. In the meeting with students who have suicidal thoughts, school nurses emphasize the importance of asking about suicidal thoughts, remain, listen and give hope.

     

    Conclusion: School nurses experience many risk factors that leads to that they can better detect and meet students with suicidal thoughts. To identify those risk factors are a big part of the school nurses work. This study results provide a greater knowledge and more experience for health professionals to encounter students with suicidal thoughts.

  • 37.
    Andersson, Caroline
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Hermansson, Annika
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    #Kroppsuppfattning: En socialpsykologisk studie om hur unga individer upplever den egna kroppen när de använder Instagram2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett samhällsproblem i dagens Sverige är att fler individer i större utsträckning påverkas negativt av sociala medier. Instagram är ett av de största sociala medier som används idag och de bilder som publiceras på Instagram är oftast inriktade på kroppen. Denna kvalitativa fenomenologiska studie har som syfte att utforska och förstå unga individers upplevelse av kroppen vid användandet av Instagram. Studien använder kroppsuppfattning, utseendeideal, social jämförelse, social påverkan och kritiskt tänkande som teoretiska utgångspunkter för att skapa en djupare förståelse kring studiens fenomen och essens. Studien bidrar till en förståelse för det socialpsykologiska perspektivet gällande individens subjektiva upplevelse av kroppen utifrån Instagramanvändning. Tio informanter i åldrarna 18–25 år deltog i semistrukturerade intervjuer som analyserades utifrån en tematisk analysmetod. Resultatet visade att majoriteten av informanterna upplevde den egna kroppen negativt vid användandet av Instagram då de upplevde att kroppen som framställs på Instagram är snyggare, smalare och mer vältränad. Jämförelse mellan den egna kroppen och kroppen på Instagram visade sig därför vara av stor betydelse för hur informanterna upplevde kroppen. Resultatet visade även att kritiskt tänkande är en viktig del i hur nformanterna upplevde deras kroppsuppfattning vid användandet av Instagram.

  • 38.
    Andersson, Catarina
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Hermansson Cederin, Susanne
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Kunskap om och attityder till munhälsa och munvård bland personal inom kommunal vård och omsorg.: En enkätstudie.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 39.
    Andersson, Christina
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Lindberg, Cecilia
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Hälsorisker hos flickor vilka använde sociala medier: en litteraturöversikt2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Social media has created a new arena for integration. Social media seems to affect young girls mental health. The purpose of the literature review is to examine some health risks among girls aged 11 to 17 years born after 1993 witch has been exposed to through social media. Method: Ten original articles published in the past five years have been sought out through PubMed. Relevant articles were reviewed and thematized based on health risks which are found in the overview. Results: The literature review examined previous research on health risks in young girls born after 1993 in the use of social media. Girls tend to be more affected by the comments and are affected over time which can lead to depression and anxiety. Self-harm and suicidal tendencies are directly linked to depression. Self-confidence is affected by comments on social media. Girls tend increasingly to suffer from psychosomatic disorders due to use of social media. Social media can increase the feeling of fear and insecurity. The girls' body image is influenced by social media, which ultimately can lead to eating disorders. Discussion: The use of social media can be seen as a health risk in young girls. Nevertheless, the impact of social media is seen as on of the triggers for other underlying causes. Social media can also provide health benefits.

  • 40.
    Andersson, Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Demokrati- och mångfaldsprojekt i Södra Ryd: Utegården Skogsmyran2014Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektrapport från ett samverkansprojekt mellan Högskolan i Skövde, AB Skövdebostäder och Skövde kommun.

  • 41.
    Andersson, Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Nya portar?: Ungas delaktighet i politiska beslutsprocesser på kommunal nivå2015Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    2014 års Demokratiutredning har i uppgift att analysera behovet av och utarbeta förslag till åtgärder för att öka och bredda engagemanget inom den representativa demokratin. Utredningen ska även föreslå åtgärder i syfte att stärka individens möjligheter till delaktighet i och inflytande över det politiska beslutsfattandet mellan de allmänna valen. En särskild uppgift för utredningen är att belysa frågor om ungas politiska representation, delaktighet och inflytande. Inom ramen för denna uppgift ska utredningen bl.a. se över vilka effekter som befintliga forum för ungas inflytande, såsom ungdomsråd och ungdomsfullmäktige, har haft för ungas möjligheter till inflytande och delaktighet.

    Erik Andersson har på uppdrag av 2014 års Demokratiutredning skrivit en underlagsrapport om Skövde kommuns arbete med ungas delaktighet i de politiska beslutsprocesserna. Erik Andersson är lektor i pedagogik vid Högskolan i Skövde.

  • 42.
    Andersson, Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Producing and consuming the controversial: A social media perspective on political conversations in the social science classroom2016In: Journal of Social Science Education, ISSN 1611-9665, E-ISSN 1618-5293, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 6-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Teachers find it difficult to conduct political controversial conversations in the social science classroom and due to an increased use of social media in educational settings new challenges and possibilities are raised. The use of social media causes fundamental changes to the role of the learner who becomes a producer and consumer – a prosumer – of educational content. With a social media perspective and a didactical focus on learning in democracy and political action the article discusses didactical conditions and possibilities of political controversial conversations in social science education and derives a set of didactic strategies. When approaching the classroom as a diverse ideological public space, recognising the students as political agents and using a social media perspective it is possible to balance the function of education – socialisation, qualification and subjectification – and at the same time stimulate societal engagement and political action.

  • 43.
    Andersson, Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Situational political socialization: a normative approach to young people’s adoption and acquisition of political preferences and skills2015In: Journal of Youth Studies, ISSN 1367-6261, E-ISSN 1469-9680, Vol. 18, no 8, p. 967-983Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on young people’s political socialization has had an adult-centered top–down bias in which young people are considered incomplete and in need of the right upbringing. The article attempts to balance this bias. The aim is to introduce and argue for another normative approach – situational political socialization. Four theoretical elements constitute its basis: (1) the political, (2) contingency (the principle of the public sphere), (3) space and place, and (4) situation. In the contingent western digital media society marked by cultural dissemination, individualism, and the erosion of traditional institutions, situational political socialization represents a normative basis for a research approach which is open, action-oriented and contextualized, viewing young people as political actors in their own right.

  • 44.
    Andersson, Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Sociala medier och politiskt kontroversiella samtal2015In: Kontroversiella frågor: Om kunskap och politik i samhällsundervisningen / [ed] Carsten Ljunggren, Ingrid Unemar Öst & Tomas Englund, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2015, 1, p. 77-94Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kunskap och politik hänger ofta ihop och kan skapa kontroverser i undervisningen. Kontroversiella frågor har inga givna svar, och uppfattningarna om i vilken grad man ska anse en fråga kontroversiell skiljer sig ofta åt. Frågorna har en påtaglig samhällspolitisk relevans, vilket betyder att människor med skilda perspektiv och åsikter står mot varandra – både i samhället och i klassrummet.

    Själva kontroversen handlar alltså om att det finns konkurrerande uppfattningar, inte bara om en frågas kunskapsbaserade svar, utan också om hur den ska värderas och vilken betydelse den ska ha. Vilka frågor som bör hanteras som kontroversiella varierar från tid till annan och från kultur till kultur. I den här boken belyser författarna olika förutsättningar och erfarenheter av att arbeta med kontroversiella frågor i relation till det internationella forskningsfältet controversial issues education.

    En av slutsatserna är att en lärare behöver kvalificerade kunskaper och kunna göra didaktiska överväganden, för att kunna hantera en kontroversiell fråga i undervisningen. Det krävs förmåga att ta hänsyn till de omständigheter som finns i varje skola, och till de kunskaper, värderingar och erfarenheter som eleverna bär med sig.

  • 45.
    Andersson, Erik
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Temapresentation: Deltagande och inflytande - inkluderingens demokratiska och politiska möjligheter2015In: Utbildning och Lärande / Education and Learning, ISSN 2001-4554, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 8-18Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Andersson, Erik
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Olson, Maria
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education. Stockholm University, Centre for Teaching and Learning in the Humanities, Sweden.
    Political Participation as Public Pedagogy: The Educational Situation in Young People’s Political Conversations in Social Media2014In: Journal of Social Science Education, ISSN 1611-9665, E-ISSN 1618-5293, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 110-121Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we argue that young people’s political participation in the social media can be considered ‘public pedagogy’. The argument builds on a previous empirical analysis of a Swedish net community called Black Heart. Theoretically, the article is based on a particular notion of public pedagogy, education and Hannah Arendt’s expressive agonism. The political participation that takes place in the net community builds up an educational situation that involves central characteristics: communication, community building, a strong content focus and content production, argumentation and rule following. These characteristics pave the way for young people’s public voicing, experiencing, preferences and political interests that guide their everyday political life and learning – a phenomenon that we understand as a form of public pedagogy.

  • 47.
    Andersson, Erik
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Sandgren, Susanne
    Skaraborgs Kommunalförbund, Skövde, Sverige.
    Delaktighet som pedagogik och demokratiskt värde för fullföljandet av studier: kunskapsbidrag från ett utvecklingsprojekt2015In: Utbildning och Lärande / Education and Learning, ISSN 2001-4554, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 80-101Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Participation as a pedagogy and democratic value turns out to be a critical element in students’ completion of school. Completed education is a regional development project in which a survey has been conducted in order to identify successful strategies to promote completed education in school. In an analysis, in the context of the survey, with an emphasis on school and participation as a pedagogy and democratic value, several findings are shown. It turns out that the importance of participation manifests itself through an emphasis on the societal and democratic mission of school; school ethos; the value praxis of school; pedagogical approach; and viewing the pupil as capable. It is, in more detail, shown that it is particularly crucial to understand the completion of school as a pedagogical problem; create sustainable institutional structures not bound to one person; and to make sure that students are participants in their own studies.

  • 48.
    Andersson, Erik
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Öhman, Johan
    School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Young people's conversations about environmental and sustainability issues in social media2017In: Environmental Education Research, ISSN 1350-4622, E-ISSN 1469-5871, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 465-485Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Young people’s conversations about environmental and sustainability issues in social media and their educational implications are under-researched. Understanding young people’s meaning-making in social media and the experiences they acquire could help teachers to stage pluralistic and participatory approaches to classroom discussions about the environment and sustainability. The aim of the article is to explore the characteristics of meaning-making in young people’s conversations about environmental and sustainability issue in social media, more precisely in an online community. The study takes a public pedagogy and citizenship-as-practice approach and uses Epistemological Move Analysis. The conversation are shown to be argumentative, sophisticated, elaborative and competitive and create an educational situation in which facts about the world and moral and political values and interests are confronted and argued. The findings raise questions about pluralistic and participatory approaches and the staging of classroom conversations in environmental and sustainability education.

  • 49.
    Andersson, Helen
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Hjertaker, Karin
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Upplevelser av att leva med juvenil idiopatisk artrit: En litteraturöversikt2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden 200-250 children and youths are affected with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) every year. JIA is one of the most common causes of short-term and long-term disability and impairment of quality of life during childhood. The entire family is affected when a family member becomes ill. Aim: The aim with this study was to illustrate how a prolonged disease as JIA is experienced by children, youths and their families. Method: The method used was a general literature overview. In total 7 quantitative and 5 qualitative articles. Result: During analysis one main themes were identified. This was experiences of being different. The result showed that the experiences of living with JIA is individual but common for many of the families is a sense of being different. Conclusion: When a child or youth is struck by protracted disease, this also affects family members. The life situation is affected, and also the life situation for parents, brothers and sisters is changed. Every child and youth who is affected by JIA is unique, and has its own reality. As a nurse it is meaningful to see the entire individual, and to involve its family in to the nursing.

  • 50.
    Andersson, Ida
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Jarl, Louise
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Att vårda fram till livets slut: Erfarenheter utifrån ett sjuksköterskeperspektiv – En litteraturbaserad studie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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