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  • 1.
    Browall, Maria M.
    et al.
    The Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Ahlberg, Karin M.
    The Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Göteborg, Sweden / Department of Oncology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Persson, Lars-Olof G.
    The Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Per O.
    Department of Oncology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Göteborg, Sweden / Department of Oncology, Southern Älvsborg Hospital, Borås, Sweden.
    Danielson, Ella B.
    The Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Göteborg, Sweden.
    The impact of age on Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) and symptoms among postmenopausal women with breast cancer receiving adjuvant chemotherapy2008In: Acta Oncologica, ISSN 0284-186X, E-ISSN 1651-226X, Vol. 47, no 2, p. 207-215Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and purpose. Elderly women with breast cancer are often not given adjuvant chemotherapy (CT). One reason for this is that older women are believed to have more problems in tolerating side-effects of CT. The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of age on health related quality of life (HRQoL) and symptoms in postmenopausal women with breast cancer undergoing adjuvant CT. Patients and methods. Eighty consecutive postmenopausal patients planned for CT were invited. Seventy-five agreed to participate (age 55-77 years). The patients completed two cancer-specific HRQoL questionnaires, The European Organisation for Research and Treatment of cancer (EORTC) EORTC-QLQ-C30, the EORTC-QLQ-BR23, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) before, during, and 4 months after completion of treatment. The design was descriptional and longitudinal. Correlations were examined between age and change in HRQoL variables. Results. No significant correlations were found between age and any of the assessed HRQoL domains or symptom scales, except for dyspnoea and sexual functioning. Age was inversely correlated to change in dyspnoea from baseline through follow-up, whereas older women perceived their sexual functioning significantly lower at baseline. Conclusion: The results indicate that among postmenopausal patients in the age range 55-77 years consecutively selected for adjuvant CT age was not a predictor of decreased HRQoL. This supports the argument that age should not be used in isolation in decisions about adjuvant CT for breast cancer in elderly women.

  • 2.
    Carlsson, Christina
    et al.
    Department of Oncology, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, SE-221 85 Lund, Sweden / Department of Oncology, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Lund University Hospital, SE - 221 85 Lund, Sweden.
    Bendahl, Pär-Ola
    Department of Oncology, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, SE-221 85 Lund, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Kerstin
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Nilbert, Mef
    Department of Oncology, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, SE-221 85 Lund, Sweden.
    Benefits from membership in cancer patient associations: Relations to gender and involvement2006In: Acta Oncologica, ISSN 0284-186X, E-ISSN 1651-226X, Vol. 45, no 5, p. 559-563Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cancer patient associations report a growing number of members and increasing possibilities to influence health care, but knowledge about the members' views on the benefit of involvement is scarce. We therefore investigated how members (n = 1742) of Swedish patient associations for breast cancer and prostate cancer rate the benefit of membership for their physical and psychological well-being and social adjustment to cancer. Using a scoring scale, 2/3 of the members reported that membership had benefit for psychological well-being, whereas half of the members reported benefit for physical well-being and social adjustment. Individuals who had been actively involved in board work and/or contact person activities within the associations reported significantly more benefit for all three parameters. Gender differences were observed with men, represented by individuals affected by prostate cancer, reporting greater benefit for all three parameters, although especially evident for psychological well-being. Individuals who obtained membership within two years of diagnosis reported greater benefit for psychological well-being and social adjustment compared to those who became members later. In conclusion, members in patient associations for cancer report benefit particularly for their psychological well-being and actively involved members and men affected by prostate cancer perceive the greatest benefit from membership.

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