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  • 1.
    Hanson, Lars
    et al.
    Industrial Development, Scania CV AB, Södertälje, Sweden / Wingquist Laboratory, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Högberg, Dan
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Söderholm, M.
    Industrial Development, Scania CV AB, Södertälje, Sweden.
    Digital test assembly of truck parts with the IMMA-tool - an illustrative case2012In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 41, no Suppl 1, p. 2248-2252Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Several digital human modelling (DHM) tools have been developed for simulation and visualisation of human postures and motions. In 2010 the DHM tool IMMA (Intelligently Moving Manikins) was introduced as a DHM tool that uses advanced path planning techniques to generate collision free and biomechanically acceptable motions for digital human models (as well as parts) in complex assembly situations. The aim of the paper is to illustrate how the IPS/IMMA tool is used at Scania CV AB in a digital test assembly process, and to compare the tool with other DHM tools on the market. The illustrated case of using the IMMA tool, here combined with the path planner tool IPS, indicates that the tool is promising. The major strengths of the tool are its user friendly interface, the motion generation algorithms, the batch simulation of manikins and the ergonomics assessment methods that consider time.

  • 2.
    Nilsson, Kerstin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Hertting, Anna
    Örebro University, Department of Health Sciences, Örebro, Sweden.
    Pettersson, Inga-Lill
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden / Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Stockholm Centre for Public Health, Stockholm, Sweden.
    "It depends on us": Employee perspective of healthy working conditions during continual reorganisations in a radiology department2009In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 191-200Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: This study focuses on employees' experience of occupational health in a radiology department within a Swedish university hospital during years of continual reorganisations. This department's stable personal health trends in terms of self-rated mental health and sick-leave rates diverged from the general trends of deteriorating working conditions in the hospital.

    Aim: The aim was to identify dimensions of working conditions as positive determinants contributing to occupational health in a department of radiology undergoing continual reorganisations.

    Method: Open-ended interviews with twelve employees were transcribed and analyzed using content-analysis.

    Result: The employees experienced their new stimulating working tasks and a supporting organizational climate as important contributors to the healthy work condition.

    Conclusion: The positive effects of handling new technical challenges and the positive organisational climate, which were characterized by mutual trust, as well as work-confidence and respect for each others' competence, seem to function as buffering factors, balancing the negative effects of parallel downsizing and restructuring processes.

  • 3.
    Sandmark, Hélène
    et al.
    School of Health and Medical Sciences, Public Health Science, Örebro University, Sweden / Department of Medical Sciences, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Uppsala University, Akademiska Sjukhuset, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Hägglund, Karin
    Department of Medical Sciences, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Uppsala University, Akademiska Sjukhuset, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Kerstin
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences. Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hertting, Anna
    School of Health and Medical Sciences, Public Health Science, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Understanding work ability: Experiences of female assistant nurses in elderly care2009In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 34, no 3, p. 373-383Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Few studies to date have investigated retained work ability. The aim of this explorative study was to describe female assistant nurses’ experiences of high work attendance over the years. The setting is a municipality in mid-Sweden that employs 466 female assistant nurses permanently within municipal elderly care. A qualitative methodology was chosen and thematic, open-ended, interviews were carried out with 12 female assistant nurses. The interviewees were selected from the 117 women who had taken the least amount of sick leave over the past five years, which meant no sick leave at all or no more than 5 days. The interviews were transcribed verbatim, and thereafter a content analysis was carried out. Three main themes connected with the aim of the study emerged from the interviews: “a desirable job, despite low status”, “supportive social networks”, and “coping ability”. In order to strengthen work ability among female employees in elderly care, the findings indicate that it is crucial to support mobility in working life, and to promote social support and networks at the workplace and in private life, as well as a coping-oriented approach to health issues and social life.

  • 4.
    Ydreborg, Berit
    et al.
    Örebro Cty Council, Dept Community Med & Publ Hlth, Örebro, Sweden / Linköping Univ, Dept Hlth & Soc, Natl Ctr Work & Rehabil, S-58183 Linköping, Sweden.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Linköping Univ, Dept Hlth & Soc, Natl Ctr Work & Rehabil, S-58183 Linköping, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Kerstin
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Swedish social insurance officers' experience of their working conditions when dealing with applications for disability pension2008In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 31, no 4, p. 451-459Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe how Swedish social insurance officers experienced their working conditions, when dealing with applications for disability pensions (DPs). A qualitative research design was selected to describe their experiences. Open-ended interviews with ten social insurance officers were analyzed with inductive content analysis. This analysis showed that the working conditions were influenced by rules and regulations and the social insurance officers' competence. The social insurance officers' powerful positions and how their discretion was implemented made them feel responsible for performing their work well. They felt that the large number of clients hampered them from being able to offer the clients the activities they were entitled to, and from paying each client sufficient attention. There was a need for time to reflect and to improve management, in order to better develop the way in which DPs were handled. There was a difference in culture between the older social insurance officers, who had experience-based training, and the younger social insurance officers, who had academic qualifications. The results from this study could be used to better develop the organisation of work in the social insurance agency, and in further educational activities.

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