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  • 1.
    Anderberg, Peter
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden.
    Where does the person end and the technology begin?2017In: Disability, Space, Architecture: A Reader / [ed] Jos Boys, London: Routledge, 2017, 1, p. 189-193Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    It is difficult, often meaningless to try to figure out where the person ends and the technology starts. The boundaries one has for experiencing the world go beyond the physical limitations of his/her skin and are determined by the system for experiencing the world in which he/she exist. In his book, Steps to an Ecology of Mind, the cybernetics pioneer Gregory Bateson illustrates this point with the example of a blind man with a walking stick. In her book, The War of Desire and Technology at the Close of the Mechanical Age, Allucquere Roseanne Stone describes her feelings after attending a lecture given by the physicist, Stephen Hawking. Stone starts off listening to Hawking outside the overcrowded auditorium through the Public Audio system (PA), but decides she wants to go in and see and listen to him in person. Hernwall uses the concept "cyborg" when considering a human being with his or her technology as a functional unit.

  • 2.
    Andersson, Maria
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Barns upplevelse av rädsla vid vård på sjukhus, samt hur sjuksköterskan kan minska densamma2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When children are hospitalized they will face a new and unknown environment. Many children experience this situation as stressful and with fear. It is important that the nurse is aware of this fact in order to facilitate the hospitalization for the child. The purpose of this study is to investigate the fear that children feel when they are hospitalized, and to investigate the meaning of being well prepared for clinical examinations and procedures. The method used was a literature review. The result is based on fourteen empirical articles published in scientific journals the year 1998 to 2007, and one dissertation from 2002. The articles were screened and read critically. The result indicates that most of the children who are hospitalized feel fear and that this could be reduced by proper behaviour from the nurse. The findings also show the importance for the parents and children to be well prepared, prior to the examination and treatment. The results show that the nurse needs to adapt the behaviour towards the child and the parents due to age and maturity of the child

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  • 3.
    Bäckström, Caroline
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences. University of Skövde, Digital Health Research (DHEAR).
    Rolfson, Tanja
    Regionhälsan Midwifery Unit, Västra Götalandsregionen, Sweden.
    Engström, Henrik
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, Informatics Research Environment.
    Knez, Rajna
    University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences. University of Skövde, Digital Health Research (DHEAR). Skaraborgs Hospital, Skövde, Sweden.
    Larsson, Margaretha
    University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences. University of Skövde, Digital Health Research (DHEAR).
    Expecting parents' perceptions of the digital parental support "childbirth journey" constructed as a serious game: an intervention study2022In: Digital Health, E-ISSN 2055-2076, Vol. 8, article id 20552076221097776Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The aim of this study was to explore expecting parents’ perceptions of the Childbirth Journey as an intervention that includes medical information for parental support, constructed as a serious game.

    Methods: In this qualitative study, semi-structured interviews were held with expecting parents in Sweden who were able to talk about specific parts of the Childbirth Journey they appreciated or found difficult to understand. A phenomenographic methodology was employed for data analysis.

    Results: Participants perceived the Childbirth Journey to be easily accessible and customized with reliable information. The design and features of the intervention were perceived by the expecting parents to enhance the intervention’s usability, appeal, and trustworthiness. When parental couples used the Childbirth Journey together, it gave them an opportunity to discuss and better understand each other’s situation. The participants proposed several changes to the existing version of the game, mostly related to extending practical information and illustrated scenarios but also to the further development of the game’s design and animations. The participants found the Knowledge portal to be the most appealing part of the Childbirth Journey.

    Conclusions: The Childbirth Journey intervention was concluded to be a valuable digital complement to in-person profes- sional support, especially given the current COVID-19 pandemic restrictions in place in Sweden, which do not allow antenatal visits by partners. However, in its current form, the Childbirth Journey has some deficiencies and would therefore benefit from further development and exploration.

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  • 4.
    Emanuelsson, Fredrik
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Igenkänningen av förändrade porträtt: Kan förändring i proportioner hjälpa oss att minnas ansikten?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det är tydligt att utseende påverkar vilka ansikten människor kommer ihåg och inte. Skulle det gå att öka eller minska igenkännbarheten genom att utföra små ändringar i ansikten mellan de tillfällen en person ser dessa? I denna undersökning har jag analyserat resultat från undersökningar genomförda av 170 personer och och kommit fram till att det är möjligt till en viss grad. Ytterligare extensiv forskning bör visserligen ske innan man kan bekräfta dessa studier, men skulle så bli fallet kan detta potentiellt påverka hur karaktärer i spel och andra medium designas.

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    Igenkänningen av förändrade porträtt
  • 5.
    Eriksson, Göran
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Davidsson, Tobias
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Lundgren, Pauline
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Minor field study on traffic safety in Ghana: Pedestrian and cyclist facilities and access in central Accra2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    This study is an analysis of the traffic situation for pedestrians and bicyclist, unprotected road users, in Accra’s Central Business District. A Swedish method, Calm streets, is used to identify conflicts in the mixed traffic situation. The findings reveal a large amount of conflicts between unprotected road users and motor vehicles. These conflicts cause congestions which have negative implications on the environment, health and economy.

    In addition an assessment of the quality of and access to pedestrian and bicycle facilities were conducted. This assessment indicates that the quality and access to the facilities are in general low, especially for the disabled, elderly and children. A larger Traffic Network Analysis and a Cost Benefit Analysis are needed to address these problems for stakeholders and decision makers.

     

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  • 6.
    Gadolin, Christian
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Att ge oss mer skam räddar inte klimatet2019In: Aftonbladet, ISSN 1103-9000, no 2019-09-12, p. 8-8Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 7.
    Gadolin, Christian
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future Research Environment.
    Låt inte ”komplexitet” bli en ursäkt för misslyckande2019In: Dagens Samhälle, ISSN 1652-6511Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 8.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Norström, Livia
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Do Municipal Facebook Performance and Citizen Satisfaction go Hand in Hand?2020In: Electronic Journal of e-Government, E-ISSN 1479-439X, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 30-42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the relation between municipalities' social media performance and citizen satisfaction withthe municipality. An observational study was conducted, based on four different Swedish national public data sources. Thestudy shows that municipalities' Facebook performance is correlated to citizens' satisfaction with living in the municipalityand with satisfaction with municipal service provision. There was however no significant relationship between Facebookperformance and satisfaction with transparency and influence from a citizen perspective. In conclusion, one importantimplication of the study is that citizen perception regarding whether a municipality is a good place to live in or not is related to the use of social media for promoting the municipality. Furthermore, a relation between satisfaction and citizenperception of government service performance implies that social media could be valuable for interaction and co-creation.Finally, an implication is that usage of social media and the potential relationship to trust, influence and transparency mustbe further elaborated and studied. Overall, our recommendation is that municipalities and their citizens may benefit fromwell thought-out strategies of how to use social media for marketing, interaction and co-creating.

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  • 9.
    Holmgren, Noél
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Kazemi, Ali
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Persson, Anne
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Niklasson, Lars
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Pihlström, Malin
    University of Skövde.
    Billing, Anna
    University of Skövde.
    Nilsson, Ulf-Göran
    University of Skövde, University library.
    Grönborg, Lisa
    University of Skövde, University library.
    Johannesson, Krister
    University of Skövde, University library.
    Syberfeldt, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Pehrsson, Leif
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Ziemke, Tom
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Nilsson, Pernilla
    Halmstad University, Sweden.
    Elowson, Anne-louise
    University of Skövde.
    Vizlin, Albina
    University of Skövde.
    Andersson, Monica
    University of Skövde.
    Klingspor, Pernilla
    University of Skövde.
    Blomgren, Lars-Göran
    University of Skövde.
    Larsson, Matts
    University of Skövde.
    Taylor, Mario
    University of Skövde.
    Akersten, Eva
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Bergh, Ingrid
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Lundell, Björn
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Lindblom, Jessica
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Olsson, Björn
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Adolfsson, Josef
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Assessment of Research and Collaboration 20132013Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 10.
    Johannesson, Krister
    Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap/Bibliotekshögskolan Högskolan i Borås och Göteborgs universitet.
    Biblioteksarkitektur idag - en komplex historia2004In: Tidskrift för dokumentation, ISSN 0040-6872, Vol. 59, no 4, p. 121-132Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Studying academic library buildings: Small and medium-sized academic library buildings in a recent context

    Academic library buildings are complex phenomena and subject to far-reaching changes today. This article suggests that a discursive perspective may prove fruitful in studying such buildings and the process behind their creation. guided by previous research in social and architectural theory, the author tries to capture some aspects of academic library buildings and their manifestation in concrete architectural form as well as discourse. Communication and interpersonal relations among agents in planning, design and construction are focused in an attempt to find ways to describe and explain relations between visions and completed buildings.

  • 11.
    Johannesson, Krister
    University of Skövde, University library. Institutionen Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap/Bibliotekshögskolan Högskolan i Borås och Göteborgs universitet.
    I främsta rummet: planerandet av en högskolebiblioteksbyggnad med studenters arbete i fokus2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the thesis is to investigate planning processes for academic library buildings and the outcomes of such processes. This is accomplished through a case study utilising discourse analysis. The main question is: How is a vision of an academic library implemented in and through a building? The case study is retrospective and focused on the building of a new library at Kalmar University, Sweden, at the end of the 1990s. During this period, technological and educational developments and general societal change transformed the context of library planning and made way for renegotiations of the librarian profession. A critical realist approach characterises the study of visions, processes and the analysis of the various functions of the building. Results reveal the proactive nature of the activities of the library director in Kalmar. Early in the process he formulated a vision in which he presents the library as an information resource, a meeting place between different user groups and a workplace intended to promote learning and knowledge. From a professional point of view, the vision implied a dehierarchisation of relations both within the library staff and between library staff and visitors. The vision was based on an interpretation of Swedish national educational policy, and architecturally manifested by an ambition to reduce the physical and psychological boundaries between library staff and visitors. The early formulation of the vision together with the clients’ use of architectural expertise facilitated the choice of architects. However during the process a need arose to anchor the decision in the library field. Efforts were made to address library expertise and to collect user comments from a broader academic field. Discourses concerning the university library as a workplace and a meeting place were especially evident in the strategies of the leading agents. The discourses uncovered in the study correspond to more general discourses which became prominent in society and higher education during the period in question. The library itself has met growing appreciation by users both from within and outside the university. The proactive leadership demonstrated by the library director in Kalmar was based on hegemony rather than coercion. This corresponds to contemporary tendencies. Hegemonic consent may persist even after changes in leadership. In Kalmar however, architectural solutions with insufficient support from the library staff have been reconstructed after changes in leadership. Future research on architectural planning processes may pay further attention to different discursive resources, social fields and the positions within them.

  • 12.
    Johansson, Susanne
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Mogielnicki, Linda
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    A Feasibility Study for an Irrigation System in Lubonja, Albania2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This project is a part of the collaboration between the Swedish-Albanian Association in Mariestad and the Albanian Centre of Excellence in Tirana. The project is a preliminary feasibility study for an improved irrigation system in the mountain village Lubonja, Korça Region, Albania.

    When the Albanian communism regime fell in 1990, the infrastructure degenerated and the irrigation systems where almost destroyed. Various organizations, like the World Bank, have assisted with the restoring of the systems, especially in the mountain areas. Today, the most of the systems is in functional condition.

    The village of Lubonja is located in South-Eastern part of Albania. The village is a part of the Korça Region and is located 27 km from the town Korça. The fields have an altitude that varies from 930 to 870 meters above sea level and have a total approximate size of 490 hectares. Lubonja has a population of almost 560 inhabitants and the prime livelihood is farming. Today, each family is self sufficient and cultivate many kinds of crops on their fields.

    There are two main streams in the region; the Lubonja River and a river from the Rehova mine area. Lubonja River comes from the mountains and flows through the village, where grey water and black water is added. The other stream is mixed with the polluted water from the old copper mine. There is also a reservoir on the hill side of the mountain which is for irrigation use only.

    To calculate the needed amount of water, a small field survey has been performed. The different parts in the survey are; soil type, water quality, evaporation and climate data. The results of the field survey were compiled, with assistance of Dr. Kovaçi, Institute of Land in Tirana. It resulted in the irrigation period and the needed amount of water during the irrigation season in Lubonja. The needed amount of water varies from 1250 m3/ha to 4300 m3/ha depending on the crop and the period when irrigation is necessary is from the middle of May to the end of September.

    The proposed design of the system is a combination of restoring the old canals in the area, where the system was sufficient and installing a pipe system in the area, where the old system was insufficient. The idea is to irrigate the area with the water which is now wasted from the reservoir due to leaking valves and shallow streams. To eliminate the waste of water, a pipe will lead the water from the outlet of the reservoir to a switch where there is a y-crossing. After the switch one pipe goes to the main canal and the other leads the water to area where the pipe system is implemented.

    The pipe system will prepare for a usage of modern technology like drip irrigation and sprinklers. Each farmer will be able to choose how to use the water by connecting hoses to taps. Due to the high position of the reservoir the pressure in the pipes will be sufficient without using a pump.

    The calculations for the system are divided into two parts. The first part is the canals, where an appropriate cross section and the needed amount of concrete are calculated. The amount of concrete for the canals is approximately 200 m3. The second part is the pipe system, where the pressure and velocity in the pipes and valves are calculated to be certain that a pump will not be needed and to get proper dimensions of the pipes. The maximum pressure is 1 471 500 Pa, the total outflow when all taps are open is 0.07m3/s and maximum velocity when tap 25 is open is 24.0 m/s.

    It is important that a system like this is being implemented in close collaboration with the villagers.

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  • 13.
    Lindvall, David
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Musikens budskap: En undersökning om filmers budskap kan förändras med ljud och musik2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 14.
    Lundin, Anette
    Jönköping University, School of health and welfare.
    Rättfärdigade prioriteringar: en kvalitativ analys av hur personal i äldreomsorgen hanterar motstridiga verksamhetslogiker2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation aims at contributing to social scientific knowledge about prevailing prioritizations in eldercarepractice by looking at an economic and a caring logic, and how these logics are overlapping, contradictory or comein conflict with each other. A more concrete aim is to understand how the personnel describe their work with orfor balance between the logics and their justifications prioritizations made in the care of older persons. The researchquestion is: How do personnel and care unit manager at a public nursing home understand and handle the twologics that govern care work for facilitating wellbeing of the residents. The aim and research question led to threesub-aims: 1) to analyze the personnel’s experiences of and meaning making about the care work they carry out, 2)to illuminate and problematize the two logics above, and 3)to analyze how the personnel justify their prioritizationsin prevailing context, and how their accountability have an effect on their professional identities.Empirical material was gathered through 13 individual interviews with care personnel and their care unitmanager at a public nursing home in Sweden. These interviews were complemented by a group interview. Thematerial was analyzed by the use of three methods: phenomenology (Paper I and II), reflexive analysis (Paper III),and a positioning analysis (Paper IV). Paper I found that the personnel understands the residents’ well-being asbeing characterized by feeling of being existentially touched. This essence is constituted by feeling freedom ofchoice, pleasure, and closeness to someone or something. In Paper II, the work for facilitating this kind of wellbeingwas characterized by three ambiguities: (i) freedom of choice for the older persons vs. institutionalconstraints, (ii) the residents' need for activation vs. wanting not to be activated, and (iii) the residents' need forroutine vs. the eldercarers' not being able to know what the residents need. Paper III showed that the care unitmanager created a hybrid of the two logics (economy is care and vice versa) and that the personnel oppose thishybrid. The opposition is shaped as the personnel divides their work in care and “those other things”. Thesefindings showed how interaction between the logics expresses itself in practice and that it is the personnel who hasto handle contradictions between the logics in their everyday care work. The positioning analysis in Paper IV hadthree levels. The first level showed how the carers align with their peers and that they find the organizationalframe, within which they have agency, changed due to increased workload. This change led to an order of priorities.The second level showed that the carers relate to three aspects when making accounts: the care itself, the olderpersons, and the media. The third level showed that the carers share a view of administration, cleaning, servingmeals, and filling up supplies, as not being parts of caring.The dissertation’s theoretical framework focused on theories on logics, accountability, and professionalidentity. The conclusion is that both logics are needed in order to facilitate the well-being of the older persons. Therelationships between the two logics are not always clear and if their contradictions are not illuminated, there is arisk for a care practice that does not facilitate the well-being of their residents. An important theoreticalcontribution is that logics of activities should be understood vertically (form political, through management, anddown to the level of practice) instead of horizontally. The practical implications emphasize the importance ofsupporting the personnel’s professional identity on the one hand, and discussing the logics on the other. Byunderstanding differences between definitions on management-level and practice level, a homogeneity can bereached.

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    AL kappa
  • 15.
    Mattsson, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Pietilä Rosendahl, Sirpa
    Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Teaching gerontology - a joint mission in a globalized world2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Nygren-Landgärds, Christina
    et al.
    Åbo Akademi Fakulteten för pedagogik och välfärdsstudier, Faculty of Education and Welfare Studies, Vaasa, Finland ; University of Agder Faculty of Humanities and Education, Faculty of Humanities and Education, Kristiansand, Norway.
    Mårtensson, Lena B.
    University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences. University of Skövde, Digital Health Research (DHEAR).
    Pyykkö, Riitta
    University of Turku, Finland.
    Bjørnestad, John Olav
    University of Agder, Centre for Teaching and Learning, Kristiansand, Norway.
    von Schoultz, Roald
    Åbo Akademi University, Åbo, Finland.
    Quality culture at Nordic universities2024In: European Journal of Higher Education, ISSN 2156-8235, E-ISSN 2156-8243, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 40-59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to investigate common features and ways of understanding quality culture (QC) within higher education institutions (HEIs) in Nordic countries. While the concept of QC is commonly accepted and often used, its meaning is not always clear. This paper focuses on how Nordic universities frame QC in their internal documentation. The Nordic context was chosen due to the close cooperation on quality issues that characterise HEIs within the Nordic region. The discussion section of this paper outlines QC in relation to quality assurance (QA) among HEIs within the European and Nordic regions. Sixteen universities participated in the study by sharing documents describing their QCs. The data were analysed using qualitative content analysis and discussed from different perspectives, such as regarding how the universities use the concept of QC and how QC is created. Based on the results, a model was created that provides an overview of how QC emerges and how the concept is implemented in documentation. It is hoped that the results will both contribute useful input to the ongoing collaboration on quality issues among HEIs in the Nordic region and will also be useful in enhancing QC at universities in other regions.

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  • 17.
    Odevik, Anders
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Nordström, Christian
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Optimal ways to harvest and purify rainwater in the Western and Nyanza provinces, Kenya2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The access to water in the regions around Lake Victoria varies with the rainy seasons. Today the daily labor of fetching water is a heavy burden for people in the rural areas. In the process of this study farmers in the Western and Nyanza provinces in Kenya are interviewed, water samples are analysed and present rainwater harvesting techniques and purification methods are observed. As a result, suitable solutions to the problems found are discussed. An optimal system is chosen for the region with a concept selection matrix. An elaborated dimensioning tool for roof and purpose-built harvesting systems is developed. Finally a summarized manual is attached in order to raise interest for rainwater harvesting among the farmers that the non-governmental organisation SCC-Vi Agroforestry cooperates with.

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  • 18.
    Pietilä Rosendahl, Sirpa
    Mälardalen University, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Gender Differences in Life Long Influences of Twins: How Men and Women talk about These Influences2015In: The Gerontologist, ISSN 0016-9013, E-ISSN 1758-5341, Vol. 55, no Suppl_2, p. 584-585Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to explore how male and female older twins experience their lifelong relationship with one another. Method: Qualitative data consisting of 32 life stories of Swedish older (70+) identical and fraternal twins were analyzed with narrative analysis. Results: Both male and female older twins experienced their twin relationships as the emotionally closest as related to other sibling relationships. Female twins stressed open and frequent communication as an important aspect contributing to closeness in the twin relationship, whereas the male twins related closeness to doing activities together. Dependency was stressed as emotionally draining in the female twin relationships, meaning that both of the twin sisters had not separated emotionally from one another. In contrast, the male older twins talked about competition as an aspect that was emotionally draining. Males and females define emotional closeness differently. The relationship patterns for both female/male older twins remained stable over the life course.

  • 19.
    Pietilä Rosendahl, Sirpa
    Mälardalen University, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Twinship from a family perspective: experiences of adults twins, their non-twin siblings and parents2017In: Innovation in Aging, E-ISSN 2399-5300, Vol. 1, no suppl_1, p. 943-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Twins do not exist apart from a family and, for a more comprehensive understanding, twinship needs to be seen in its family context. The objective of this study was to explore twinship from the perspectives of adult twins, their non-twin siblings and parents. Methods: Qualitative methodology based on semi-structured interviews of middle-aged twins, their non-twin siblings and parents within their families. The data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Findings: Twinship was described by the twins as an emotionally close relationship with the co-twin but also feeling unnoticed as individuals when treated as a ‘unit’ by family members. Likewise, the older non-twin siblings could feel unnoticed, due to the parental attention given to the twins and, to compensate, take on a ‘caregiving role’ for the twins. Depending on the parents’ insights on twinship, they could facilitate or limit the development of the sibling relationships within the family.

  • 20.
    Pietilä Rosendahl, Sirpa
    Caring Sciences, Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden.
    Twinship from the perspective of older twins and their siblings2016In: The Gerontologist, ISSN 0016-9013, E-ISSN 1758-5341, Vol. 56, no Suppl_3, p. 494-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of twinship as described by older twins and their siblings. Method: Qualitative data based on interviews with 14 Swedish older (70+) identical and fraternal twins and with 15 siblings to twins, which were analyzed with qualitative content analysis. Results indicate that the siblings particularly in larger families substituted as parents in the raising of the twins, whereas in smaller families the role of the siblings were more unclear. In addition to bonding to one another, both twins also found comfort in having a supportive relationship of their own with yet one other sibling in the family and influential in the developing of the individual identity of the twins. For the siblings of the twins, engaging in the raising of the twins, was a way to prevent the feeling of being unnoticed. 

  • 21.
    Pietilä Rosendahl, Sirpa
    et al.
    Institute of Gerontology, Jönkoping University, Sweden.
    Bülow, Pia
    Department of Behavioral Sciences and Social Work, Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Björklund, Anita
    Department of Rehabilitation, Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Twinship over the life course: Individuality and relationship in the life stories of older twins2013In: The Gerontologist, ISSN 0016-9013, E-ISSN 1758-5341, Vol. 53, no S1, p. 431-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to explore, describe and understand experiences of twinship as told in the life stories of 35 older (70+) identical and fraternal twins, participants of the SATSA and Gender-studies in Sweden. Method: The open-ended interviews were analyzed with narrative analysis. Results: Twinship was described as relational, i.e, the relationship to the co-twin and as a negotiation between the individual and the twin identity. Three kinds of twin relationship patterns, characterized by different levels of emotional involvement were identified and labelled: nurturing, draining or superficial relationship. An attachment theoretical perspective was used in interpreting the differences in the relationship patterns. Each set of twins showed a unique balance between individualization and the twin identity which also was linked to the type of twin relationship pattern. In addition, these older twins experienced that their social environment tried to impose a twin identity upon them contradictive to their own experiences.

  • 22.
    Pietilä Rosendahl, Sirpa
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Eskilstuna-Västerås, Sweden.
    Rosendahl, Dan C.
    Trinity Theological Seminary, Newburg, Indiana.
    Twinship experienced by twins reared apart versus together2014In: The Gerontologist, ISSN 0016-9013, E-ISSN 1758-5341, Vol. 54, no Suppl_2, p. 111-112Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to explore and describe how older twins reared apart and reared together experience the twin relationship over a life course. Method: The life stories of 30 Swedish older (70+) identical and fraternal twins were analyzed with qualitative content analysis. Results: The relationship patterns among twins reared apart were related to the time of separation, family upbringing, time together after re-union and over the life course. Twins who spent their first years in the biological family and thereafter separated could continue their relationship over the life course, showing the same kind of relationship patterns as twins reared together. Twins who were separated during their first year after birth and reunited several years later showed a more complex relationship pattern, where some lacked an emotionally close relationship and others gradually developed such a relationship over the years. This finding challenges popular views on twins reared apart being emotionally close.

  • 23.
    Pietilä, Sirpa
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Bülow, Pia
    Jönköping University.
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University.
    Bilder av sorg: upplevelser av att förlora tvillingpartner i hög ålder2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Pietilä, Sirpa
    et al.
    Research School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University, Sweden ; Institute of Gerontology, Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Bülow, Pia
    Department of Behavioral and Social Sciences, Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Björklund, Anita
    Department of Rehabilitation, Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Twinship and marriage: A challenge to the close twin relationship?2012In: Twin Research and Human Genetics, ISSN 1832-4274, E-ISSN 1839-2628, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 229-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Twins have a constant companion from the very beginning and if the relationship with the co-twin has been aclose one, there might be difficulties in finding a marriage partner. Based on 35 life stories of older twins, this study focuses on personal experiences of establishing the marital relationship in relation to the co-twin relationship. The participants are a subsample of two Swedish longitudinal twin studies, SATSA and the Gender study and they were MZ/DZ, female/male twins aged 70-91 years. All except one was or had been married. The life stories were analyzed with content analysis. The results showed that (n =16) of the participants experienced that their marriages were negatively affected by the twin relationship and (n =19) did not experience any negative influence at all. The most common reasons for the negative influence on marriages was that the spouses of the twins did not get along with one another or the co-twin and the second common reason was that the spouse felt threatened by the close twin relationship. The consequences of the negative influences were that the twins in a pair distanced themselves from one another. Spouses of the twins who described no influence on their marriage were accepting of the twin relationship and got along well with one another and the co-twin. Those twins who were married to two siblings or friends had the most regular contact frequency. The study showed that when twins get married, it involves not only the two individuals marrying each other, but also the relationship with the co-twin as well as the spouse of the co-twin.

  • 25.
    Roos, John Magnus
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education. University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    The winner takes IT all: Swedish digital divides in global internet usage2018In: Digital Transformation and Global Society: Third International Conference, DTGS 2018, St. Petersburg, Russia, May 30 – June 2, 2018, Revised Selected Papers, Part II / [ed] Daniel A. Alexandrov; Alexander V. Boukhanovsky; Andrei V. Chugunov; Yury Kabanov; Olessia Koltsova, Cham: Springer Nature Switzerland AG , 2018, 1, Vol. 859, p. 3-18Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present study, we examined the influence of personality factors and demographic factors on Internet usage. Personality was defined from the Five Factor Model of personality in terms of Openness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism, while demographic factors were defined as gender, age and socioeconomic status (e.g. income and educational attainment). The results from a large, representative Swedish sample (N = 1,694) show that global Internet usage can be explained by a high degree of Extraversion, young age and high socioeconomic status. Our findings are consistent with some previous studies, but in contrast with others. We discuss contrasting results in terms of different study designs, cultures and time periods of Internet development. The results are discussed in terms of the “rich get richer model” and digital divides, and what broader implication our findings might have for society. The study may help facilitate our understanding regarding future challenges in the Internet design. 

  • 26.
    Ståhl, Tomas
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Determinants of Fairness-based and Favorability-based Reactions to Authorities' Decisions2006Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The present thesis focuses on the causal role of the people’s relationship to the authority in reactions to allocation decisions. A series of experiments investigating the effects of the authority’s group membership on reactions to allocation decisions are reported. In addition, psychological processes that may contribute to differences in responses to ingroup versus outgroup authorities’ decisions are examined. Because resource allocations across group boundaries may be particularly challenging for authorities, and because the psychological processes guiding reactions to outgroup authorities’ decisions have received very little attention, a primary aim is to examine the psychology of reactions to outgroup authorities’ decisions. Results demonstrate that people react more strongly to the favourability of procedures and outcomes when the authority is from an outgroup (vs. ingroup). By contrast, people generally react more strongly to the fairness of procedures when the authority is from an ingroup (vs. outgroup). Notably, direct activation of relational (ingroup) versus instrumental (outgroup) concerns produces the same response patterns as manipulating the authority’s group membership. Results further suggest that responses to outgroup authorities’ decisions in part can be explained by expectations that the authority is biased of members of his/her own group

  • 27.
    Wongsala, Manothai
    et al.
    School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Mälardalen University, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Rosendahl, Sirpa
    University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences. University of Skövde, Digital Health Research (DHEAR).
    Manasatchakun, Pornpun
    Boromara‑jonani College of Nursing Chiang Mai, Thailand.
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Mälardalen University, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Applying the PDSA cycle to a group activity promoting lifestyle change for the active ageing of older Thai adults – a focused ethnography2022In: BMC Geriatrics, ISSN 1471-2318, E-ISSN 1471-2318, Vol. 22, p. 1-10, article id 117Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    The proportion of the older Thai population is increasing rapidly. Lifestyle may impact active ageing in later life. Interventions that empower older Thai adults to initiate and carry out lifestyle changes are needed. This study applied the Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) cycle, a tool for improving lifestyle changes, with the aim of exploring interactions among older Thai adults when participating in group activities.

    Method

    Focused ethnography was used based on participant observations, field notes and video recordings of 15 older Thai adults aged 62–78 years.

    Results

    Older Thai adults faced difficulties at the beginning since they were unfamiliar with initiating and carrying out lifestyle changes according to the PDSA concept. This provided a learning opportunity enabling older Thai adults to reach their individual goals of lifestyle change.

    Conclusions

    The PDSA cycle has the potential to empower older adults in group contexts to promote lifestyle changes related to active ageing.

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