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  • 1.
    Adamsson, Anna
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Svensson, Cecilia
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Kollision eller kommunikation?: En kvalitativ studie om lärares syn på hantering och förebyggande av konflikter2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A general opinion among teachers in school is that a lot of time is spent on conflict handling. In the study, teachers opinions about conflict and conflict handling will be discussed though the purpose is to study conflict handling in two classrooms. The purpose is also to see what opinions teachers have when it comes to preventing and handling conflicts. The study is built on observations and qualitative interviews with two teachers. The opinion among teachers in this study is that a school without conflicts gives the pupils advantages and is something that the school teaching take benefits from. The interpretation is that the handling of conflicts in school is unavoidable and time is taken from planned education to conflict handling. The result of the study shows that different opinions of pupils benefits from conflict handling. Earlier documented research shows, unlike the result of the study, that conflict handling may give pupils valuable tools to handle social problems they may experience now and in the future. The results even presents conflicts of different type of character, some of them can be constructive and some destructive. Focus of the result in the study is also that the same pupils often end up in conflicts and that there are a common denominator among them. In the study the result is discussed. Subjects that are in focus are the lack of conflict handling in the classroom, why it is relevant to discuss conflicts in the classroom and also that children need a security to be able to handle conflicts. Finally, are the chosen methods of the study discussed.

  • 2.
    Agapuu, Marie
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Svensson, Ingrid
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    En studie om elevers självkänsla: Elevers utsagor om uppmuntran och stöd i en sjätteklass2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    Abstract

     

    Study: Degree project in teacher education, Advanced level, 15hp

    University of Skövde

    Title: A study on students' self-esteem Students' statements on the encouragement and support in a sixth grade

    Number of pages: 26 pages

    Author: Marie Agapuu & Ingrid Svensson

    Tutor: Anna-Stina Ahlrik

    Date: January 2009

     

    Keywords: Self-esteem, encouragement, support

     

     

    A good self-esteem of students will often coincide with good academic performance, but it has also shown that students do not have low self-esteem due to low academic performance. Students' self-esteem is both a complex topic and concepts. We want this study to draw attention and to discuss teachers' efforts to enhance students' self-esteem in school. Encouragement and support of the school adopted in the study contribute to strengthening students' self-esteem. The study examines whether and how nine pupils in a sixth class is that they get encouragement and support of / from their teachers in school subjects and in learning situations. Of the results revealed that some students feel that the teacher encourages them through praise, it may be both written and oral. It further appeared that some students feel the support of teachers by allowing them to practice more on what they think is difficult and some students expressed that they do not receive any encouragement or no aid from their teachers. The results show that students have different difficult to perceive what is aid and what is encouragement from the teacher. The results illustrate the discussion we pupils statements in relation to the concept of self-esteem and our thoughts.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

  • 3.
    Agmell, Linda
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Hallgren, Eva
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Attityder till teoretiskaoch praktiska läxor: En elevstudie i årskurs 82008Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study about attitudes to theoretical and practical homework. Our interest in the

    subject emerged during our practical teacher training but is also influenced from our own

    VFU "practical teacher training" and our own time in school. All students have different ways

    of learning and as pedagogues we ought to try to individualize the education. We believe a

    practical homework could stimulate the students' different ways of learning. This is both a

    qualitative and a quantitative study. Our study is also experimental because we got three

    groups that did theoretical homework and three groups that, in addition, did a practical

    homework before a test. Both groups are important to our study. Then we examined which

    attitudes the students had to theoretical and practical homework by the means of a

    questionnaire, which measured the students attitudes to practical and theoretical homework.

    The study will be made in eight class. We are well aware that you can not generalize. We also

    compared the test with a test the students did previously, before are study took place. We

    completed the study with an interview with the students teacher in order to ask what she

    considered about the test results and practical homework. And if she believes the practical

    homework affects the result of the test. By this study we try the hypothesis that practical

    homework can stimulate students in their different ways of learning. The study shows that the

    students prefer a variation of both theoretical and practical homework.

  • 4.
    Agélii Hultström, Karin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Zetterström, Ann
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Är skolans mål möjliga att nå för alla?: Hinder och förutsättningar för elevers måluppfyllelse i kärnämnen ur ett lärarperspektiv2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The importance of education and lifelong learning are essential factors to ensure and stimulate economic growth in our country, to secure welfare and counteract polarisation of social classes. During the last five years statistics from the Swedish Board of Education shows a constant number of approximately 10 % of the students in year 9 who have not qualified for upper secondary education. This is because they have not attained the goals of the syllabus which require a pass in the core subjects of Swedish, mathematics and English. This fact is the reason for our investigation in which we illustrate teachers’ assertions and lines of arguments concerning impediments and preconditions for attaining the goals of the core subjects.

    In this qualitative study we have used interviews as our main approach. We have interviewed six teachers at five different schools in a medium size municipality in the south-west of Sweden. The study is divided into three levels, organization, group and individual level. On the organization level the key issues are school policy, school administration and the steering documents of the school. On the group level the key issues are the class/group and the working team and on the individual level the study focuses on the individual pupil/student and the individual teacher.

    The result indicates that the teachers’ lines of arguments were focused on his/her own role of importance for the pupils’/students’ attainments of the goals. Furthermore it appeared that the steering documents play an important part because they can be interpreted in many ways. Other factors shown in the study are that pupils/students are not motivated enough to do schoolwork and thereby reach the goals. There are pupils/students who are less talented and others who have a different cultural background and get enrolled in the Swedish school system late. They might therefore have difficulties attaining the goals. Thus our conclusion is; no it is not possible for every pupil/student to attain the goals of school!

    We use both the words pupil and student because we sometimes mean the younger children (pupils) but also the older ones (students).

  • 5.
    Ahlberg, Maria
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Broborg Karlsson, Madelene
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    "Det går i vågor, fram och tillbaks": Sex lärares berättelser om särskilda undervisningsgruppers förändringsprocessIndependent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish school has got students in special educational needs since elementary school was introduced 1842. How the education was designed and performed has been different from time to time. We wanted to take part of the teachers' experiences of special educational groups in a process of change over a thirty-year period, and if this process was propitious for the students in special educational needs. The study is qualitative with narrative research interviews as method. The narrative method aims to interpret and understand the teachers' stories. The result of the process change shows that the special educational groups have not changed during this period of time, according to the teachers, despite the organisational changes that has taken place. But however the approach against the students has changed, which we experience has favoured the students in a positive way.

  • 6.
    Alexandersson, Marina
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Carlén, Anne-Sofie
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Arbetslaget tar mark: En studie av förändringsarbetes komplexitet2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During our previous study entitled ”Development or complication? An interactive study of a developing project in a upper secondary school.” (Alexandersson & Carlén, 2007) we noticed the complexity of developing projects. Along with the teachers and school management we decided to follow up their developing project in this study of deeper character. The purpose of the study was to understand what happens in a team work practice related to a developing project focusing on critical aspects that can appear in such a process

     

    Our empirical approach was hermeneutic and our method was action research. We used reflexive interviews which are open and offer flexibility during the interviews. Interpreting and reflection characterized our analysis work

     

    The result indicates several different aspects that effects developing project and we have identified three critical aspects which we find particularly important to take into consideration in developing project.

     

    • That the organisation prevents the pedagogical attitude.
    • That management by objectives requires transformed leadership.
    • That co-operation and developing project contributes teachers’ critical reflection and power of their domain.

     

    We establish that a common understanding of the mission throughout the school organisation is necessary in order to implement restructuring that renew teaching format require. Another condition for renewed teaching format is to relinquish tasks to make place for new ones.

  • 7.
    Ali, Bayan
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Fällgren, Åsa
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Wennberg, Annelie
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Nationella prov - stöd eller hot?: Några gymnasielärares uppfattning om de nationella provens betydelse2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to analyse the significance of the national assessment in highschool education, including what the teachers express about the new instructions currently coming from the Swedish National Agency of Education, concerning a more central control of grading the national assessments. This study also covers the teachers individual responsibility when it comes to grading the national assessments. The purpose of the national assessment is to secure that grading and the education level in the country is equal. This is a qualitative study useing the method of a group discussion intervju (focusgroup intervju). Five highschool teachers took part in the discussion with questions that had been decided beforehand. The aim with this method is to give space for open discussions and reflections within the group. The result of the study shows that the respondants had been influenced by the tention between the new instructions from the Swedish National Agency of Education and the teachers autonomy. The study also elucidates the tendencies that exists in the country of grading too positive. The respondants expressed that they are affected  by the new instructions and that their final grading is controlled by the results from the assessments.

  • 8.
    Almqvist, Maria
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Danielsson, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Förebyggande arbete mot mobbning: Lärares erfarenhet av styrkor och svagheter i arbetet med metoderna Friends och Mombus2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how six teachers, who work in two different schools, assess the methods Friends and Mombus in terms of bullying prevention. The Curriculum for elementary school (Lpo 94) emphasizes that it is the employees of schools who carry the main responsibility for preventing bullying among pupils. One of the main results of this study is that teachers, in addition to their work with Friends or Mombus, also need to use alternative methods to prevent bullying. Examples of these alternative methods include “Emotional Intelligence” as well as “friendship massage”. The result section also stresses the importance of anti-bullying teams when it comes to preventing harassments. At present there are no studies which have evaluated the results the Friends and Mombus methods have achieved. Since the methods are used in many schools in Sweden, the lack of evaluations is noteworthy. This study ends with a discussion on the complexity of bullying prevention. Further research is needed to clarify the results of different anti- bullying methods.

  • 9.
    Andersson , Jessica
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Frisén, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Trygg på skolgården?: En kvalitativ studie om faktorer som skapar trygghet och otrygghet enligt yngre elever.2008Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to the steering documents it is the teacher's responsibility to make every student feel safe. The aim is that through interviews with students in grades 2-3 from the focus groups show the factors that can provide security and insecurity in a schoolyard, in order to provide identifying factors that affect students' perception of security and insecurity. We also want to examine whether there are specific areas that constitute potential risk zones for students.

     

    We began by doing a pilot study to test the questions. Subsequently we conducted interviews with students in grades 4-5. We have used a qualitative approach with focus interviews. Five focus interviews with five students at each interview were performed.

     

    Our results show several factors that students either felt created security or insecurity. The factors identified as contributing to security was confirmation from friends, the game creates community, the size of the schoolyard and space for play, access to playmaterial, freedom to choose the activity and the teachers' presence. Factors that contributed to the insecurity was a fight, exclusion, vehicular and teachers' absence. Results also show where there is potential danger zones for students. Finally, the conclusions drawn about how security is tied to social interaction and a categorization of student statements from entirely safe to precarious was made.

     

    In the discussion we reflect on the method chosen. Then discussed the results and the literature in relation to the problems that can arise when working with different students. Although the social interaction positive advantages and disadvantages discussed utanförskapets and the pedagogical implications affecting friend relations and conflict resolution. Finally, suggestions for further research.

  • 10.
    Andersson, Anna
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Lindström Brage, Emelie
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Kärnkraft - en demokratifråga?: En studie om lärares kärnkraftsundervisning och ett rollspel i förhållande till demokratiuppdraget.2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The nuclear issue is highly topical after the Fukushima-accident and since the concept

    of democracy is the foundation of the Swedish school, it's pertinent to question how

    different forms of nuclear education is related to the democracy assignment. The

    purpose of this study was to examine how some teachers describe their nuclear

    education in relation to the democratic assignment and to create a roleplay about nuclear

    power using the teachers' thoughts and the democratic engagement. The first part of the

    study is based on interviews with high school teachers in science studies. They

    described their nuclear education and their dictums were analyzed in relation to the

    school's democratic assignment. The interviews revealed, not just factual about nuclear

    education, but also goals that can be linked to the democratic engagement; students

    should be able to argue, participate in public debate and take a position on the nuclear

    issue. Some described the factual knowledge as the primary objective, others as a means

    to achieve other objectives, such as the above. Respondents used different teaching

    methods, most common were traditional theory lessons and discussions. Positive was

    that the teachers pointed out many goals of democratic character, maybe because the

    nuclear issue is a controversial social issue, which may have led to that it's being

    considered a political issue. The study's second part was mainly based on literature and

    advice from experts in role-playing. The results showed that the role play, in theory,

    may develop important democratic skills and knowledge in students.

  • 11.
    Andersson, Ann-Louise
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Andersson, Marica
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    "Se mig, för här är jag": Lärares resonemang kring innebörden av begreppet individanpassad undervisning i skolår 12009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Curriculum for the Compulsory School System, the Pre-School Class and the Leisure-time Centre (Lpo 94) is clear in its definition that individualized tuition shall be applied in the school and that the tuition shall come from the individual pupil’s needs. Since research emphasizes that the definition and meaning of the term needs is not clear we found it interesting to research how teachers define the meaning of the term individualized tuition in school year 1 with special focus on the aspect of pupils’ needs. In order to study active teachers’ reasoning and dictums regarding this we chose a qualitative method with interviews as aid to gather data. The collected material has been analyzed and subsequently discussed with reference to research within the area. The result shows that individualized tuition is regarded as a question of conditions. The identification of individual pupils’ needs is what is perceived to be the basis of how the education should be individualized. The difficulty lies in that it is not always easy to identify the needs. The result showed that the possibility to individualize bases itself in the access of resources and the school subject’s nature. The result also show that age integrated classes is an advantage considering the access of resources, since cooperation between coworkers makes it easier to enable individualized tuition.

  • 12.
    Andersson, Caroline
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Bergström, Helena
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Samlingens funktion och innebörd i förskolan: En kvalitativ studie ur ett lärarperspektiv2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to give deeper knowledge about the circle time in preschool. The studys starting point is teachers understandings about the function of circle time in preschool and what meaning it has for them. The questions of issue in the study are: What function does the circle time have in preschool? and What meaning have the circle time for teachers?To find out more about teachers' understanding about the circle time, a qualitative method with the interview technique was used. Six teachers with various educations from two preschools was asked to participate, choice of preschools and teachers is based on convenience. The result of the study is that the circle time has two meanings, partly as a phenomenon, partly as a working method. Circle time as a phenomenon shows that the teachers describe the circle time as “something” with focus on the content, for example that the circle time has a social function where the group is strengthen. The result shows that the circle time is a working method that teachers use to widen their view on the circle time and to get knowledge about the children that participate. The circle time gives teachers opportunity to afterwards consider their role and the activity itself.

  • 13.
    Andersson, Elin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Hansson, Malin
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Taktil massage i förskolan: Metodens effekter ur ett pedagogiskt perspektiv2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose of the study was to investigate teachers' intentions with the use of tactile massage as educational emphasis in early childhood education, with the goal to identify and describe different conceptions as to the effects of using tactile massage in early childhood education from an educator's perspective.

    The study has a phenomenographic approach, an approach that implies that the researcher investigates people's perceptions and variations of a phenomenon. Data collection consisted of interviews with six teachers who used or use tactile massage in early childhood education.

    The result of the study shows that the teachers’ intentions to use tactile massage can be traced to the social, physical, psychological and cognitive effects. Effects that respondents perceive the use of tactile massage.   

    The conclusion reads as follows: that the use of tactile massage causes the teacher who chooses the method tactile massage facing an educational dilemma, which means that the teacher must choose between what is most important, a values perspective or a didactic perspective.

  • 14.
    Andersson, Erika
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Rynning, Linda
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Karlsson, Marie
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    ”Tjugo olika elever innebär tjugo olika sätt att lära”: en studie om elevinflytande och lärstilar2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna kvalitativa empiriska studie utfördes i grundskolans första år och syftade till att undersöka och jämföra elevers och lärares uppfattningar om elevers inflytande och olika sätt att lära i undervisningen av bokstäver. För att kunna undersöka detta har intervjuer med både elever och lärare använts som datainsamlingsmetod. Studiens resultat visade att elevers och lärares uppfattningar skiljde sig åt när det handlade om elevers olika sätt att lära – lärstilar. Lärarna tyckte att de varierade sig när det handlade om lärstilar men eleverna tyckte inte att denna variation var tillräcklig. Åsikterna om elevernas inflytande över undervisningen stämde däremot överens. Lärarna ansåg att eleverna var för unga för att kunna ta hela ansvaret för sitt lärande och eleverna hade därför inte något större inflytande. Dessa områden behandlas även i diskussionsdelen. Slutsatser som kunde dras under arbetet med studien var att eleverna efterlyste mer kinestetiska inslag i undervisningen och att lärarna behövde blir mer medvetna om elevernas olika lärstilar.

  • 15.
    Andersson, Eva
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Landestedt, Lisa
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Skolan som samarbetspartner: En kvantitativ studie om föräldrars tankar kring skolan.2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Everyone has in some extent their own experiences of school; it means that thoughts and attitudes vary depending on who is asked. Awareness, communication and commitment are essential elements for the cooperation between home and school. The school has over time been characterized by different power configurations that contributed to the teachers' authority was granted. Today, school and parents both are responsible for children’s education, therefore it´s pedagogues’ personal characteristics that becomes the authority. The purpose of this study was to investigate how parents of children in grades 1-3 think about the collaboration between home and school. The study is based on parent surveys in three counties in central Sweden. The result shows that parents wants to bee involved in their child's schooling, conversations about school is a priority. The result indicates both similarities and differences based on respondents' gender, age and educational level. The compilation also reveals that schools profiling shines through in respondents' language. The study shows the pedagogues´ difficulties to meet all parents' views, while their opinions must be addressed. Pedagogues’ can´t possibly meet all the parents at the same time, while their views should not be taken for granted.

  • 16.
    Andersson, Kajsa-Stina
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Karlström, Pernilla
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    "Förhoppningsvis når man alla någon gång": - en kvalitativ studie om individanpassad undervisning2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Literature that contains the concept individual tailored education show both positive and negative aspects, regarding this method. With this background, we found it interesting to examine how active teachers, in the compulsory school, express about individual tailored education. In order to study how it is in the reality, we have chosen to use us of a qualitative method, with interviews for collecting of information. The information that was gathered have then been analyzed and described with the aid of theory connection. The result showed that timerelated individualization is the most common type that teachers applies in their education, but the respondents also points out the importens to adapt the education on the basis of each individual, in another word difficultrelated individualization. The respondents maintained also that this work form is to advantage for the pupils who have difficulties, something that distinguish from research within the area. The study also showed another interesting aspect, namely that there were contradictions between teachers and researchers, whether individual tailored education is an illusion or if it is reality. An obstacle that the respondents points out is that the school of today has big classes with only one teacher, which means that it, according to time, can be difficult to organize individual tailored education.

  • 17.
    Andersson, Maria
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Blomqvist, Marie
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Individualisering av barns språkutveckling i förskolans stora barngrupper: pedagogers utsagor om arbetssätt och organisation av verksamheten2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, pre-schools are often associated with large children’s groups and the

    personnel are understaffed in relation to the size of the children’s groups. This

    results in, pedagogues feel frustrated that they do not have the time (and

    resources) to provide for every child’s need to support their development,

    which is one of the commissions of the pre-school. The purpose of our study is

    to illustrate a pedagogue reasoning on how to work in order to individualise 3-

    5-year-old children’s language process in relation to the size of the children’s

    groups. The study is based on six qualitative interviews with pedagogues who

    work or have worked with children in the ages of 3 to 5 years old. This method

    is chosen in order to realise how teachers reflect on and act to notice and

    distinguish every child and their language process among the rest of the

    children. The results show that it is often easier to pay attention to every child

    when they are divided into several smaller groups. Another way is to interact

    with the child in ordinary situations in their own level of language

    development. The large group of children can stop their language process when

    it comes to their speech development and possibility of individual time with the

    pedagogues. Documentation helps the teachers to organise the way to work and

    thereby on how to follow every child’s individual language process. Something

    that can be of importance is that it is not always the size of the group that is the

    contributory cause for a pedagogue to take notice to every child and its needs

    but the composition of the group can also be determining.

  • 18.
    Andersson, Maria
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Karlsson, Åsa
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Förskoleklassen-lekens mellanrum?: En studie kring den fria lekens plats i förskoleklassen2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The essay is about the free play in preschool classes and how much time the pupils have for free play. The study investigates if the play material and the environment affects the time that is given for free play. The study also describes if the location of the preschool classes, in relation to preschool and school has any importance for the time that is given to the pupils for free play, and which thoughts the teachers in the preschool classes has about free play and its conditions. Observations and interviews were conducted with teachers from three different preschools.

    The results shows that the time given to free play varied between the three preschool classes and that the play material and environment had some importance for the existence of the free play. The preschool classes that are situated in the school buildings are more influenced by the school and their goals, while the preschool classes that lies outside the school buildings are more like preschools. The study also shows that the teacher has a significant part for the free play. In the discussion, we ask the question, if preshool classes should have a curriculum of their own.

  • 19.
    Andersson, Marie
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Granath, Petra
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Larm, Veronica
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Lektionen om substantiv: En illustration från tre teoretiska positioner2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to the Swedish curriculum, all pupils shall through teaching learn theSwedish language and its structure. With this as a background, we found it interesting toprepare a lecture planning that was to be varied on the basis of three different theoreticalpositions, socialconstructivism, individualconstructivism and behaviourism. Ateachingobject was also chosen. The teaching object that was selected was substantive,both in irregular and regular form, and in singular and plural form. Furthermore, thestudy aims to illustrate the pupils’ knowledge development after carried out teaching.The development was shown through three written tests. The three groups of pupils thattook part in the study were pupils in second grade, second- third grade and third grade.The result of the study shows that the knowledge developments of the pupils have beenaffected by the teaching they have participated in. Something that crossed our mindsthroughout this study was that there are no optimal methods of teaching. Since all pupilsare unique and learn differently, a variation of teaching methods are of big importance.

  • 20.
    Andersson, Svetlana
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Elmefeldt, Iréne
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Spår av grundtankar i Vygotskijs teori i gymnasieskolan: En studie om hur Vygotskijs socio-kulturella teoribildning återspeglas i gymnasielärares syn på lärande2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim with the study was that through high teachers’ statements apply for tracks of basic thoughts of Vygotsky’s theory education in their sights on learning. This is to ascertain what criteria teachers assume when they do their didactic choices in the education and how Vygotsky’s basic thoughts are reflected in teachers’ sights on learning.

    Our study bases itself on qualitative interviews where four teachers from two high schools were participated. After the transcription, the analysis was done on the basis of the four aspects that characterize the socio-cultural perspective according to Vygotsky’s theory of education: the social, the mediated, the situated and the creative aspects. We chose to use the hermeneutic method for analyze of our result where we used relevant research in order to strengthen our interpretation of teachers’ statements.

    In the study the teachers expressed that interaction and dialogue are important elements in the education. We also have found tracks from the mediated aspects there teachers as a mediator has an active role, but that they at the same time recommend a traditional education.

    Our conclusion is that teachers are not based their learning on some specific scientific theory. We however have interpreted that the teachers when they choose a method, prefer to reflect over how students are getting knowledge instead of what students shall learn and develop. That sight on learning as we possibly can discern on the basis of teachers’ statements is a mixture of different theories that has been influenced by Vygotsky’s theory of education.

  • 21.
    Andersson, Therese
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Lindblom, Veronica
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Skönlitteraturens möjligheter i undervisningen: en studie om sex lärares uppfattningar om skönlitteratur som läromedel i skolans tidigare år2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The background to our study is our common interest in fiction and our curiosity of how it is being used in school at present. The aim of the study was to find out if and how teachers in the earlier years of school, use fiction in their teaching. We have found how some teachers think about their teaching where fiction is an element and in what purpose fiction are used. By doing qualitative interviews with six active teachers we got a material that we analysed. In the result we found that the teachers were well aware of the possibilities fiction gives, not just in the subject Swedish but in all subjects in school. The main purpose of using fiction in school was to entertain but we found that the teachers also used it to teach their pupils how to read, to increase their knowledge and to give them inspiration. The conclusion is that fiction is used a lot in school today, in many different ways and with different intentions. We found that fiction has the ability to stimulate children’s imagination and make them experience and explore other worlds and cultures without even leaving the classroom. As a result we can establish that fiction is more than just a book!

  • 22.
    Antila, Lotta
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Ingemarsdotter Ochoa, Lina
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Hur var det i skolan idag?: Elevers tankar om motivation2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    By doing this study we wanted to get insight to and increase the understanding of pupils’ experiences of motivation at school. We wanted to enhance teachers’ awareness of it, because they are to stimulate pupils in acquiring knowledge. The intention of this interview study was to learn about pupils’ comprehension of how they experience motivation and undermotivation at school. A comparison between pupils in the fifth and the ninth grades in the compulsory school was made. The information was gathered by a method called focus interview, an interview that happens in a group. In our interpretation of the interview outcomes we used three different motivation theories; social cognitive theory, intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and attribution theory. The result was that pupils experience motivation when they can work with and towards concrete goals and when they can influence their study situation. Even marks and evaluations can be motivating factors for pupils, but they are not as effective as concrete goals and influence over study situation are. We found that there is not a big difference between how these two age groups conversed about motivation. The only, visible, difference was that the younger pupils didn’t want to show when they were undermotivated, whereas the older pupils showed it openly. However, both of the age groups had similar thoughts about marks, despite that the pupils in the fifth grade don’t get marks.

  • 23.
    Axelsson, Maria
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Melani, Monica
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Datorn som komplement i undervisningen: En studie om datorer som ett led i läs- och skrivinlärningen2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The school is a place of work where teachers, with different tools, are supposed to teach their students for the future. In the study the teachers’ opinions will be lifted when it comes to use of computers as a tool to teach the students how to read and write. The interpretation is that the use of computers is reflecting the development of society and the intention is to find out if computers will be used in a didactic purpose in teaching. We focused on getting knowledge about which different opinions there are among teachers in grade 1-3 when it comes to the use of computers as a tool in teaching how to read and write. The study is qualitative and is built on five interviews done at four different schools. The result presents how teachers consider how they use computers as a tool in a didactic purpose in teaching how to read and write in the students´ young years. Furthermore which ideas the teachers have about how they would like to use computers in a didactic purpose in teaching how to read and write. In the result there also will be lifted which elements according to the teachers make this computer using possible. Finally, the result is discussed in relation to the literature and our own reflections.

  • 24.
    Berg Marklund, Björn
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Novices Vs. Experts: Game-Based Learning and the Heterogeneous Classroom Audience2015In: Proceedings of the 9th European Conference on Games Based Learning: Nord-Trondelag University College Steinkjer Norway / [ed] Robin Munkvold and Line Kolås, Reading, UK: Academic Conferences and Publishing International Limited , 2015, p. 664-671Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines how the heterogeneity of K-12 students, as game audiences, affect the way games can beused as educational tools in formal education. When discussing the application of games in educational contexts, the realitiesof the formal educational environment are seldom brought to the fore. There has been a lot of discourse and studiessurrounding the theoretical viability of games as engaging educational tools and their properties as learning environments,but the practicalities of inserting games into classroom environments are comparatively rarely the subject of game-basedlearning research. This paper presents two five month long studies using participatory observation that details the processof putting a commercial of-the-shelf game to use in two different types of formal educational K-12 environments: a computerlab and a classroom. More specifically, this paper focuses on examining how students receive and work with a well-knowncommercial off-the-shelf game when it is introduced as a tool in their ordinary curriculum work. The study revealed severalchallenges that put many of the axiomatic assumptions practitioners and scholars frequently make regarding games’ virtuesas educational tools into question. The challenges relate to students’ perceptions of games and gaming, variations instudents’ efficacy while playing, and of exclusionary behaviour during collaborations. Commercial of-the-shelf games, whilethey might be more equipped than educational titles when it comes to living up to player expectations as far as productionvalues are concerned, can instil a certain set of faulty expectations of how the game will actually be used. If the used gameis widely recognisable by the classroom audience, the important distinction between gameplay intended for active directedlearning rather than unguided leisure activity can be difficult to establish, which can make it difficult for teachers to keepstudents in a reflexive and analytic mode of play. The classroom as a game audience also puts the educator in a tricky positiondue to the wide variation of preferences and gaming literacy among students, and creating engaging play-sessions that areinclusive to everyone in classroom environments can be an immense undertaking for teachers. While the study revealsseveral issues produced by the tension between games and the heterogeneous nature of the classroom as an audience, italso highlights the importance of managing students’ expectations, framing the play activity correctly, and fosteringcollaborative work where subject matter knowledge and gaming literacy are intertwined.

  • 25.
    Berg Marklund, Björn
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Alklind Taylor, Anna-Sofia
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Teachers’ Many Roles in Game-Based Learning Projects2015In: Proceedings of the 9th European Conference on Games Based Learning / [ed] Robin Munkvold and Line Kolås, Reading, UK: Academic Conferences and Publishing International Limited , 2015, p. 359-367Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines what roles teachers need to take on when attempting to integrate and use computer games in their educational environments. The task of integrating games into an educational setting is a demanding one, and integrating games as a harmonious part of a bigger ecosystem of learning requires teachers to orchestrate a myriad of complex organizational resources. Historically, the field of digital game-based learning research has had a tendency to focus heavily on the coupling between game designs, previously established learning principles, student engagement, and learning outcomes much to the expense of understanding how games impact the working processes of teachers. Given the significant investments of time and resources teachers need to make in order to conduct game-based learning activities, this research gap is problematic. Teachers needs to have a certain amount of gaming literacy in order to actively supervise, support, and guide their students before, during, and after the play sessions. The teacher also needs to be proficient in setting up play sessions in a limited amount of preparation time and tackle eventual technical difficulties. Beyond these demands, teachers also need to serve as a conduit between the learning context and the play context, and need to know how to continuously contextualize game activities and the content that students experience in the subject matter being taught.

    This paper describes the outcomes of two five month long studies where Swedish K-12 teachers were introduced to using MinecraftEdu as a classroom activity. The study identifies the different roles that a teacher takes on throughout game-based learning processes, such as technical administrator, game administrator, game tutor, subject matter expert, lecturer, debriefer, and classroom supervisor. Ultimately, the paper highlights the importance of understanding the constraints under which teachers work, and argues that a better understanding of the contexts in which games are to be used, and the roles teachers play during game-based learning scenarios, is a necessary foundation for improving games’ viability as educational tools.

  • 26.
    Bergenholtz, Sanna
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Wall, Fanny
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Utomhuspedagogikens påverkan på barn med koncentrationssvårigheter: En intervjustudie ur förskollärarperspektiv2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Children with concentration difficulties are to a great extent a problem in schools and therefore it becomes interesting to see how possibilities around these children can appear in pre-school. From a pre-school teacher’s perspective, the study aims to provide a deeper understanding of how outdoor education can influence children with concentration difficulties. The method of the study is a qualitative research run-up with interviews that intends to describe pre-school teachers’ views. What we applied for requires experience-based answers, and therefore, pre-school teachers with at least a couple of years experience of daily pre-school activity were selected. The result shows, among other things, how outdoor education is an important part of daily activities. Specific for children with concentration difficulties, outdoor education gives increased  possibilities for movement, fresh air and recovery. The concept of concentration difficulties is not used in pre-school in order to describe these children. In connection with outdoor education there should be rich variations of outdoor environment. In conclusion reflected outdoor environment that provides both free play and planned activities gives children with concentration difficulties possibilities to increase their power of concentration.

  • 27.
    Berggren, Karin
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    IT i skolan - på vilket sätt och varför i matematik och NO-ämnen: - Några lärares reflektioner -2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how some teachers in Mathematics and Science subjects use IT in their lessons for grades 7-9, their motives for using IT as a teaching tool, and if there was anything that they feel restricted or otherwise affected their use of IT.

    Interviews were conducted with four teachers from two different schools. How often the teachers used IT in their teaching varied depending on the subject. IT was most commonly used in the science subjects to introduce a new area of study, searching for information on the Internet, to illustrate something with the help of a film or filming their own sequence of events. The IT-information was also discussed and examined with the pupils, and a memorandum of the lesson could also be created. The reasons the teachers' used IT was to facilitate the pupils' learning as a way to diversify their teaching methods, to aid pupils with reading difficulties and to save the notes from the lesson for later use. Other reasons were to provide information through their homepage, to show other possibilities and pedagogical ways of using a computer and to teach the pupils to become critical of Internet sources. The greatest influences on the teachers' use of IT were, according to them, how much time they had and whether the IT equipment was in working order. The teachers also indicated that their own ability in IT, and how intrigued the students became in IT, played a role.

  • 28.
    Bergman, Catharina
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Eriksson, Lada
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Synen på engelskundervisning i årskurs 9 hos en lärare och fem elever: Med fokus på val, användning och utvärdering av läromedel2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The teacher today is offered a great choice of teaching material that can contribute to variation in teaching. The choice of teaching material depends on various elements such as: student group, their performance, interest, motivation, time, and economic means of the school. Our study presents one teacher and her five students´ experiences of their English teaching and their view on teaching material. Qualitative research method based upon interviews with one teacher and her five students was used in the study. Our aim is to illustrate the five students´ and one teacher´s experience of the English teaching in the 9 and evaluation of teaching material.

    The result of the study shows that students strive for more spoken English during their lessons but it seems that teaching materials do not provide for it. In spite of that students have a positive attitude towards the teaching materials used for their English studies and they are aware of advantages with proficiency in this subject. The importance of the English language for global communication points out. The students emphasise the importance of IKT as a teaching material for their education but they argue that its use is limited. The teacher emphasizes the importance of various elements and their influence on choice, planning and structure of the English teaching. These elements are: students´ different needs, their ability to take responsibility, their maturity, economic means and time. Well structured way of English teaching is appreciated by both teacher and the students since it clarifies teaching in the whole class. Apart from that well-structured teaching based upon the textbook it simplifies for the teacher to follow the curriculum. Concerning students´ participation in choice, use and evaluation of the teaching materials the study shows that their participation was little. Students considered that the teacher with her qualifications and expertise is the one who should decide about teaching and that in school there is already a great deal of demand on them.

     

  • 29.
    Bergman, Sandra
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Collberg, Pia
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Lärares val: En studie om undervisningsformer ur lärarperspektiv2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The background to this study is an interest for teacher’s thoughts about choices and teachingmethods and motives for these choices. A question is about the meaning of professional experience and the importance of choices in teachingmethods according to the teachers. The purpose of the study is thru a qualitative study examine teacher’s thoughts and statements about choices of teachingmethods to shed a light on different teachingmethods in early years in school. The teachingmethods that are highlighted are individual work, groupwork and wholeclassteaching. The method in this study is qualitative and based on interviews. The result that can be drawn of the study is that teachers mean that teachingmethods are chosen by ruling factors as studentgroups, contents in teaching and curriculum. A motive that emerged was that the teachers in the study meant that teachingmethods where structure and obvious frames in teaching where used. The conclusion is that teachers with long work experience matters for the choices of teaching methods. The teachers that have been working for a long time mean that they have more experience and more methods to choose from. A discussion about the effect of the increasing use of individualwork is that the school is fostering individualists that are going to a work in an environment where group and team work is prominent. The study establishes that the choice of teaching methods not always can be chosen by visions. The choice has a start from the composition of the group of students, size of the group and the content of teaching.

     

  • 30.
    Bergsten, Emelie
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Föräldrainflytande i förskolan: Föräldrars uppfattningar om inflytande2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Summary: The overall aim of the study was to examine what it means for parents to formally have the right to influence in preschool. The study had three questions: What do parents want to have influence of in preschool? How much would the parents have the influence in preschool? and In what way would the parents have the influence in preschool?As a data collection method both a quantitative method and a qualitative method were used in the form of questionnaires and interviews. Questionnaires were sent to 126 parents of which 52 participated, nine interviews were conducted one of which was written implemented by email. The study is inspired by the phenomenographic research approach because I wanted to find out parents' attitudes of the influence as a phenomenon.The results showed that the parents’ knowledge of what parental influence in preschool means is inadequate. It also showed that the preschool teachers do not have sufficient knowledge about what parental influence formally means which makes it difficult to convey to the parents’ about their right to influence. The conclusion of the study is that parental influence is a collective work that should be implemented in interaction between parents, school teachers and school authorities.

  • 31.
    Bergström, Camilla
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Hansson, Karin
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Läxor - en del av undervisningen?: En studie kring lärares förhållningssätt och intentioner rörande läxor2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our qualitative study is aimed at teachers´ intentions with the homework and their attitude to it. We wanted to create a picture of what attitude we could adopt to homework in our future professional role as teachers. To achieve the objective of the study, we interviewed four teachers in the elementary school. Based on the material the interwiews gave we came up with four categories around teachers´attitude to homework: Homework by tradition and routine, Teachers´views on homework given to the pupils, Homework as a timesaver and a timecost and Parents as a partner and a help with homework. The result shows that for teachers is homework important to maintain a good and close relationship with parents and that parents should be allowed to see their children´s achievements and what they are working with in the school. Another intention, for teachers, with homework is that pupils need skills in order to take in knowledge. Homework is a natural part of school for most teachers, but homework is not a major topic of discussion either in teams or schools in general.

  • 32.
    Bergström, Erik
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Carlén, Urban
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Lennerholt, Christian
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Certifications in Higher Education - Friend or Foe?2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate the uncritical approach among teachers and students of how certifications are used and applied within higher education. This paper offers a clearer image of how to use certification in a learning environment that support student learning and further developing the academia as a learning organisation.  In the last decade universities worldwide has started to adopt certifications offered by multinational corporations, such as Cisco and Microsoft. For example, Cisco’s curriculum is taught in over 10.000 academies such as universities to more than 1.000.000 students currently, which reveals the huge influences those certifications have for the organisation of courses and examination of academic skills.  Academy and industry needs to collaborate to offer students relevant tools and knowledge, but the lack of uncritical views based on scientific values and proven experience challenges teachers to explicit what knowledge have to be taught within academia to reach further academic goals.  The methods used are initially a literature study to identify positive aspects and challenges with integrated certifications. Based on these results, we have performed interviews with students, teachers and certified instructors with different backgrounds.  Literature describing information and communications technology (ICT) certifications mainly refer to positive aspects such as meeting job market needs, standardisation of courses, and decreased time for course development. Challenges identified raise several questions and call for further investigation. Among challenges identified were companies practically deciding examination criteria, student’s recall learnt material rather than understanding concepts, and the usage of non-academic material.  Interviews reveal that students are aware of many challenges, but still the benefits of achieving a certification outweighs. For instance, students rather accept a course with out-dated material and company decided examination criteria that result in a certification than taking a course based on research and examinations that foster creativity through reflection, analysing skills with no certification.  From a teacher and instructor perspective, the interviews reveal that there is awareness about the challenges of using certifications in higher education. One of the pedagogical issues we would like to present is how to create a learning environment with embedded certification in a course rather than basing courses on certifications alone.  This paper also open up for a discussion on how these results affect other areas than the ICT domain, but also on how the challenges can be tackled from a higher education perspective that rethink the academia as a learning organisation. 

  • 33.
    Bergström, Erik
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Carlén, Urban
    University West.
    Riveiro, Maria
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    How to Include Female Students in Technical Computer Science Study Programs2016In: NU2016 Högskolan i samhället - samhället i högskolan, 2016, article id BT30Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines why female students do not register in computer sciencerelated programs after submitting their application. In design for inclusion in academic culture, pedagogical implications are based on empirical findings that intend to foster a more heterogeneous group, which can be introduced to promote student’s interest in technology.

  • 34.
    Bergström, Erik
    et al.
    University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Holgersson, Jesper
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Kävrestad, Joakim
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Larsson, Sanna
    University of Skövde.
    Lindgren, Frida
    University of Skövde.
    Mandl, Paul
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Persson, Louise
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Svensson, Henrik
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Erfarenheter, lärdomar och effekter med gränsöverskridande arbete för utbytesstudier2018In: NU2018 - Det akademiska lärarskapet, 2018, article id 685Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I Högskolan i Skövdes (HS) nuvarande utvecklingsplan beskrivs att samtliga utbildningsprogram som ges vid lärosätet skall erbjuda möjligheter till studier utomlands. Som en konsekvens har en strategisk satsning för att stimulera en ökad mobilitet vid HS initierats genom att Institutionen för informationsteknologi (IIT) tillsammans med verksamhetsstödet har deltagit i ett UHR-projekt med fokus på vägledningsprocessen i samband med mobilitet.

    Projektet har pågått under 18 månader och ett 10-tal deltagare som representerar de flesta roller som är involverade i internationaliseringsarbetet på IIT och verksamhetsstödet har ingått. Projektet har bedrivits främst som en serie av workshoppar där parallell datainsamling har skett med hjälp av intervjuer och enkätstudier.

    I detta bidrag vill vi visa några av de mål som projektet fokuserat på samt syftet med dessa. Projektet har haft följande mål:

    Identifiera minst tre partnerlärosäten som passar varje utbildningsprogram - Målet syftar till att kartlägga både existerande och nya partnerlärosäte för att på så sätt sänka tröskeln för studenter som är intresserade av utbyte, men som har svårt att hitta lämpliga alternativ.

    Tydliggöra roll- och ansvarsfördelning i mobilitetsprocessen - Detta mål syftar till att utforma processbeskrivningar för att tydliggöra roll- och ansvarsfördelning kring utresandeprocessen för programansvarig, ämnesföreträdare, internationell koordinator, studie- och karriärvägledaren, studenten och partnerlärosätet. Även kommunikationsaspekter och studentperspektiv beaktas i detta mål.

    Skapa adekvat vägledning och informationsinsatser gentemot studenterna - Syftet med målet är att utveckla, strukturera och systematisera informationsvägar och kommunikation mellan vägledning, programansvarig, partnerlärosäte och studenter.

    Identifiera och utvärdera nyckelfaktorerna för att förbättra stödet till studenterna, undanröja hinder i mobilitetsprocessen samt underlätta programansvarigas och studie- och karriärvägledarnas arbete med utresande studenter - Målet är att identifiera och utvärdera nyckelfaktorer som hindrar mobilitet som kan spridas internt på HS samt externt för att i förlängningen öka mobiliteten bland Sveriges studenter.

    Se till att samtliga kandidatprogram på IIT har en termin avsatt för utlandsstudier och undanröja de hinder som finns i befintliga programstrukturer - Syftet är att göra det enklare för studenter att under sin ordinarie studietid genomföra utbytesstudier utan att deras studier vid HS blir drabbade av förkunskapsstrukturer som hindrar fortsatta studier vid hemkomst.

    I studien inkludera de studenter som har varit intresserade eller sökt utbytesstudier men som inte kommit iväg på utbyte - Syftet är att skapa en god översikt över vilka skäl denna studentkategori har haft för att avstå utbytesstudier för att på så vis kunna förbättra existerande processer för utbytesstudier och därmed minimera risken att intresserade studenter väljer att avstå från utbytesstudier.

    Vid projektets avslut analyserades projektets direkta och indirekta interorganisatoriska effekter tillsammans med aktuell statistik för de studenter som under 2017 nominerats för utbytesstudier. En uppenbar effekt av projektets arbete är att antalet studenter som 2017 vid IIT nominerats för utbytesstudier ökat kraftigt. Likaså observeras ökade kunskaper om processen kring utbytesstudier och ett förbättrat studentperspektiv och bättre kunskaper om studenternas upplevelse av nomineringsprocessen.

    Under presentation vill vi visa upp fler detaljer från vår analys samt hur vi planerar att arbeta vidare med de resultat vi fått fram i projektet.

  • 35.
    Bergström, Erik
    et al.
    University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Pehrsson, Helen
    University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    Performance Assessments in Computer Science - An example of student perceptions2014In: Next Generation Learning Conference: Conference Summary / [ed] Erik Brunnert Walfridsson, 2014, p. 4-16Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Bidiwala, Nadya
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Att vistas ute på förskolans gård: Utegård som pedagogisk arena2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    We live in a society where there is a lot of stress. Children experience on increasing level of stress that can be related to decreasing physical activity and to the fact that they spend more and more of their free time playing computer games or watching the television. This creates a bad habit among the young children, who rather sit down than move around. I assume it is important that the pre-school create such a habit for the children that they want to get outdoors and that outdoor play it is fun and exciting. The purpose of this study is to emphasize the pre-school teachers’ professional role for their pedagogical work in the pre-school playground. The three research questions answered are: (1) How do pre-school teachers’ reason about the educational work regarding children’s outdoor play in the pre-school playground? (2) How are pre-school teachers involved in the design of the pre-school playground in relation to the educational work with the children? And (3) what do they express related to their own participation in the design of the outdoor pre-school playground? The study sets out from the following concepts, children’s play, pre-school playground, outdoor activity and pedagogical work. The study is qualitative and based on interviews with pre-school teachers. The result showed that the pre-school playgrounds in this study, meet the children´s "natural" needs, where they can use their bodies in a natural way as, by running, jumping, playing and to cooperate, both in self-determined or controlled activities. Pre-school teachers’ interest in the outdoor environment design has contributed a great deal to children’s play and development. The study contributes to an insight into what the outdoor environment is about and how its design affects children's outdoor play and development.

  • 37.
    Birgersson, Jenny
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Nossler, Jenny
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Kommunikationens roll i matematikundervisningen: en studie ur ett lärarperspektiv2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det socialkonstruktivistiska synsättet på lärande och vikten av samspel och kommunikation som ett medel för lärande är idag mycket aktuellt. Det framhålls av både forskare inom pedagogik och i läroplaner. Följande studie har behandlat undervisningen i ämnet matematik, med utgångspunkt i hur kommunikation används som ett lärandeverktyg. Teorier om att kunskap är något som överförs till eleverna, traditionell förmedlingspedagogik, eller att det byggs upp främst genom enskild aktivitet, konstruktivism, får idag mindre intresse. Därför är det intressant att ta reda på i vilken grad dessa utgör en del av matematikundervisningen. Syftet med studien har varit att urskilja de lärandeteorier som synliggörs i matematikundervisningen, med utgångspunkt i hur de olika teorierna ser på kommunikation som ett lärandeverktyg. Fyra intervjuer med lärare i år två har utgjort underlag för den empiriska datainsamlingen. Resultatet visade att alla tre grundläggande lärandeteorier som studien utgått från utgör en del av lärarnas matematikundervisning. Det skiljer sig dock mellan lärarna i vilken grad dessa syns i deras utsagor om undervisningen och i vilken utsträckning kommunikation används som ett medvetet och problematiserat lärandeverktyg. Det är inte självklart att den lärandeteori som är mest omtalad för tillfället alltid är den bästa. En slutsats är också att ett kommunikativt klassrum inte uppstår automatiskt, det krävs exempelvis en inställning att alla kan bidra till varandras lärande och att eleverna får möjlighet att öva på sina kommunikationsfärdigheter.

  • 38.
    Birgersson, Jenny
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Nossler, Jenny
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Kommunikationens roll i matematikundervisningen: en studie ur ett lärarperspektiv2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A current theory of learning is the socio-cultural theory, which emphasizes the importance of social interaction and communication in children’s learning. This is highlighted from pedagogical researchers and also the national curriculum. The following study has dealt with the teaching in mathematics and emphasises the use of communication as a learning tool. Theories which claim that knowledge is something which can be easily transferred to students or constructed mainly through individual activity, constructivism, is today of minor interest. Therefore it is interesting to find out in which degree these theories are reflected in the mathematics education of today. The aim of this study is to identify different theories of learning which can be recognized from four teachers’ statements of their own teaching in mathematics. Our point of departure was the different theories view of communication as a learning tool. The empirical data collection has been performed by four interviews. The result is pointing out that the four teachers’ classroom work reflects all three of the fundamental learning theories, which has been the base of the study. Although there is a difference between the teachers, in what degree these theories “appear” in their lessons and how they consciously use communication as a learning tool. It is not clear that the most current learning theory always is preferable. A main conclusion is also that a classroom which is characterised of communication and dialogues does not occur by itself. An attitude that assumes that everyone can contribute to each other’s learning is required and that the students get opportunities to practise their communication skills is of great importance.

  • 39.
    Björegren, Johanna
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Karlsson, Malin
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Förskollärares syn på små barnsspråkutveckling: Återupprepa tills barnet erövrar det!2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    We are two teacher students that have found it to be very interesting to study children inthe ages between one and three and their language development in preschool. We havechosen two put our focus on the gathering as a forum for linguistic development.During our trainee work of our education we have seen that preschool teachers look atthe gathering in different ways, and that they don´t always see it as a pedagogical tool tohelp children in with their linguistic development. When the amount of childrenincreases in the ward it can be difficult teach child the attention needed to stimulate thechild`s language development, we want to draw attention to the gathering. We chose toobserve three pre-school teachers and conduct interviews with these three, we selectedthree trained preschool teachers with varying lengths of work experience. We wanted tosee how they acted in the gatherings and find out what they did to promote children'slanguage development in the gathering. What we saw during our observations was thatthere were both singing and playing, but the pre-school teachers did not see thecollection as a tool but more as a way to entertain and inform children. We have studiedwhat is written about the gathering as an educational tool for children's languagedevelopment and found that it can advantageously utilize the gathering by playing wordgames, reading, and let the children talk to their friends in a way that the pre-schoolteacher would. Here they have the opportunity to step in and control what they wanttheir children to take part and practice but do so in a way that is fun for the kids. Wehave discussed and compared our results with what previously researchers andphilosophers have written. We want to encourage this study to see the collection as atool that has great potential in today's pre-school work, and that it is important not toforget the very youngest children just by having gathering that focus on the olderchildren, but working with collections of all ages.

  • 40.
    Björkgren, Caroline
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Johansson, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Läxan som ett medierande redskap: En kvalitativ studie om samarbetet mellan skola och hem ur ett lärarperspektiv2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to take part of and analyze teachers´ experiences of cooperation with legal guardians concerning the support to students in their process of doing homework. We aimed to identify factors of importance for cooperation between schools and homes and look into teachers´ visions to develop this. The study is based on qualitative interviews with six active primary teachers. We have utilized a socio-cultural and social-ecological perspective in our interpretation on the empirical material. The result shows that the teachers believe that there is a significant importance to have this cooperation between schools and home regarding homework. Homework is presented as a mediating tool for cooperation where the students´ surrounding world, school and home are brought together. Homework as a mediating tool is a tool colored by our culture and is used for communication. Important factors for the cooperation between schools and homes are

    clearness and approach, which means providing information, giving homework on time, having open communications and transparency.

  • 41.
    Bladelius, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Dubbla yrken: En intervjustudie om vilka kompetenser som är betydelsefulla för yrkeslärare2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Instructors who have to deal with sharing her knowledge of the industry so that students are enabled to perform the craft. They also have an educational role to teach and instruct in the craft. Program goals emphasize aspects is the ability to carry out the profession. How to deal with professional teachers of their dual roles, they feel that they have dual roles? Purpose of this study is to examine what skills trainers in the hotel - and restaurant program is experiencing significant to become a professional instructors. This is an interview where I chose to interview three instructors in the hotel - and restaurant program. The results indicate that as instructors is to have expertise in two professions, and industry expertise, and teaching vocational skills. The first three aspects of teacher stress has been linked to the industry, and about the importance of basic skills and work experience, to be stress problem solver as well as curiosity and interest in own professional development. The other two are more related to the educational challenge and about being flexible and well-prepared and the importance of good student and parental contact. At the same time be noted that these competencies also overlap, according to the analysis of their evidence. They do not feel that they have dual roles, they feel that there is a role to be instructors of dual and wide areas of expertise.

  • 42.
    Blixt, Sofia
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Johansson, Maria
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    MAGISKT MED LÄSSTUND: En studie om pedagogers och barns uppfattningar om läsning i förskolan2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    We are intrested in what role the children’s book has in preschool and if the teachers and the children had some thoughts on why reading matters. Because of this, we attempted to find out the teachers’ and the childrens’ opinions on reading in preschool and if, and how, they differ. We did a qualitative study and we interviewed six teachers and 18 children. Our study is based on the social cultural perspective. The teachers used the children’s book as a tool to further various facets of the childrens’ knowledge, for example language development, fantasy and factual knowledges. The children, on the other hand, thought that they read in preschool just for fun. Something that the teachers and the children agreed on was that it’s the teachers that choose the books at the organized reading times. But the children were allowed to choose books when they were the initiators of the reading during the free times.

  • 43.
    Brinck Woollett, Åsa
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Individanpassningens ytterligheter: Några betygsmässigt hög- respektive lågpresterande gymnasieelevers åsikter kring engelskundervisningens utformning.2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s society there is a discussion regarding students’ level of knowledge and personalisation. The classrooms consist of heterogenic groups of students with different learning needs and levels of knowledge. The purpose of the present study is to find out how the students who participated perceive the teaching of English as an additional language with regards to personalisation, and how they believe differentiation can help develop and deepen their learning.

     

    This study has been conducted using a qualitative method with interviews as the core, complemented by observations. The results have been analysed and interpreted hermeneutically.

     

    The results show that those students who have a positive attitude to English education, irrespective of their grade, are those who see the benefit of knowing English outside the classroom, and thereby create a connection between reality and studying English. Those who lack this connection have a negative attitude. Basing teaching in reality renders personalisation viable for the individual within a teaching group. Even when the students give some examples of how the teaching can be adjusted to their needs, most of them believe that the teacher must adjust the teaching to fit the class as a whole and they do not expect any personalisation.

     

  • 44.
    Broberg, Yvonne
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Yrkeslärares erfarenheter - styrkor och svagheter: En studie om identitetsskapande inom tre olika arenor2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this study is to identify important factors affect, how teachers' professional identity and role are shaped and changed during and after teacher training. Study's focus is to identify important factors bearing on how teachers' professional identity and role are shaped and changed during and after a teacher training. Respondents included in study are all teachers in vocational subject in upper secondary school. They also have experience from at practical profession before they began to work as teachers and started the teacher training. Method used in this study is the life stories of narrative nature. The questions revolved around the nature of studies and professional lives. It’s found that teachers experience a noticeable difference between the learning in the former profession and learning in academic studies. By participating in different groups during their training, partly with students in other categories partly with those with similar background. In this context the former professional exercise got a different and more important meaning. The conclusion is that institutional learning is of an entirely different character than learning to a practical profession can be, and this will require time for reflection. The question is whether the gap that seems to exist can be overcome if students' professional experiences are procured in a manner that does not neglect scientific fact.

  • 45.
    Brodén, Ola
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Slöjdens mening och nytta: För eleven i grundskolans senare år2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to understand the meaning and use of the subject craft inthe Swedish compulsory school seen through about the subject.The study is based on the following question:· What sort of knowledge does craft lead to according to the pupils?· What meaning and use does craft have according to the pupils?The first part of the literature section is about the creation, history and development ofthe craft subject until the curriculum of today. The conception of knowledge is dealtwith through the curriculum, philosophy of Aristoteles and the sociocultural theory ofVygotskij.The second part of the literature section is about the competences of craft. They are thepedagogical process, body and communicative competences and entrepreneuriallearning.Diary notes from pupils and observations in the classroom are the empirical method inthe study. The craft competences the pupils wrote about and I also saw in myobservations were entrepreneurial, bodily and communicative and process competences.A sense of joy is also characteristic of the subject.The result shows that the meaning and use the pupils see in the subject are its characterof concretion, commitment and participation.In the discussion the literature and the result are connected whit reflections. A questionthis study contributed to is if and how the aesthetic subjects can be used as a startingpoint in the theoretical subjects. The result of the study shows that there are severalbenefits in the craft subject that should be used in other subjects to improve the results.

  • 46.
    Brohede, Kristin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Holst, Caroline
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    ATT SE MÖJLIGHETERNA: En studie om barns koncentrationssvårigheter inom Reggio Emilia2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Concentration difficulties is something that preschool teachers should be aware of in order to meet the children in preschool. An educational philosophy that is now current is Reggio Emilia. Therefore, the aim of this study was to find out how preschool teachers, who work in four Reggio Emilia-inspired preschools, say they are working with and relating to children's concentration difficulties. We have used a qualitative method and selected interviews with semi-structured questions as data-collection method. We have interviewed four preschool teachers who all work in Reggio Emilia-inspired preschools. We have also made observations that formed the basis of the interviews.

    The result showed, for instance, that the teacher's child perspective and their democratic and reflective attitude are the foundation for the work with children's concentration difficulties. It was found that it is important to have the children's interests and needs as the starting point to make it easier to stimulate and motivate children and thereby reduce the concentration difficulties. The result showed that teachers' presence among the children is important in order to get to know the children and thus see what their needs are. To reduce concentration difficulties the respondents also said that it is important to have a well-thought-out environment with 'rooms in the rooms' and where all children have something they enjoy doing. The conclusion we can make from this study is that Reggio Emilia mainly helps in work with children's concentration difficulties, but we can also see that Reggio Emilia, to some extent, aggravate some children's situation.

  • 47.
    Bödker Malmqvist, Cecilia
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Andersson, Anna-Lena
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Läsförståelse i skolan: En kvalitativ enkätstudie om lärares undervisning i läsförståelse i årskurs 1-32013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we are presenting teachers views on teaching reading comprehension based on a qualitative survey. The study has been implemented in nine different schools with teachers that teach in grade 1-3. The importance of reading comprehension is presented in the introduction of this survey by authors such as Lundberg (2010), Lundberg and Herrlin (2009) and Westlund (2009). In the introduction we also present an image of Swedish pupils reading comprehension in an international perspective, surveys like PISA 2009 and PIRLS 2006 presented by Skolverket are examples.  Pupils reading comprehension, according to previously surveys gotten worse. The study also receives a theoretical setting with a sociocultural perspective. This in relation to Vygotskys Zone of proximal development.

    The result we present shows that the primary factor that has influenced the teachers in their teaching is the pupils´ interests and development zone. In relation to this the teachers are controlled by external resources such as economy, personal and time. The variation of working methods is of significant meaning for adapting it to each and every pupil. In the finish line of the result an incidence of how teachers consider the science as an impact on their teaching in reading comprehension. 

  • 48.
    Börjesson, Annika
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Yngve, Linda
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Barns fysiska aktivitet och koncentrationsförmåga: En kvalitativ studie om förskollärares syn på relationen mellan barns fysiska aktivitet och koncentrationsförmåga.2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine, through a qualitative method, pre-school teachers views on the relationship between children’s physical activity and ability to concentrate in gatherings in pre-school. The result of the study has been analyzed based on Säljö’s (2000) socio-cultural perspective. The study was conducted by interviews. By aid from previously research about children’s physical activity, ability to concentrate and learning, has the result been processed and can be understood through different views. The result shows that pre-school teachers believe that physical activity is equal to that children are moving. The pre-school teachers also mean that children’s ability to concentrate depends on how the pre-school teacher manages to engage the children’s interests through their own commitment and enthusiasm, and how the environment is designed. Some of the pre-school teachers mean that children only are able to concentrate while they are sitting still, another believes that children are able to concentrate while moving. The pre-school teachers can see a connection between children’s physical activity and ability to concentrate. They believe that they in different ways can benefit children’s ability to concentrate by using physical activity in gatherings. This is also the conclusion of the study. Some of the pre-school teachers believe that physical activity can be a natural part of the gathering. Others mean that physical activity can be added to the gatherings when they notice that the children are not, according to the pre-school teachers, able to concentrate in a gathering. To ensure the result and increase knowledge among people active in pre-school, more research is required in the topic.

  • 49.
    Carlsson, Annika
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Kopilovic, Suzana
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Elever med stort rörelsebehov: – Lärares tankar kring och förhållningssätt till dessa elever2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we have chosen to look at teachers attitude towards pupils with a great need of movement. Are those pupils with extra needs experienced as inconvenient by the teachers? Our aim was also to learn more about teachers views on some of the triggers which causes this behavior among children in school environments and other surroundings. The first part of the study contains previous research in this and similar topics. The second part concerns the teachers role and professionalism and the importance of the school environment. The method that was used in this study was a qualitative method with a hermeneutic aim. We interviewed five teachers about their experiences with pupils with a great need of movement. The teachers that participated in the study have experienced teaching those pupils which have a greater need of movement than their classmates at several occassions. During their career the teachers have found several different strategies to help and support these pupils. In the discussion of this study we discovered the importance of the teachers ability to approach and individualize teaching situations towards the pupils who have great needs of movement.

  • 50.
    Carlsson, Ewa-Lotte
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics.
    Undervisning för att öka elevers måluppfyllelse: Två lärare reflekterar över sin lektion i matematik2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte har varit att beskriva och tematisera två lärares reflektioner över en genomfördlektion i matematik. Som bakgrund till studien har elevtest, lärarnas intryck från sin lektionoch deras uppfattning om utveckling av verksamheten funnits. För att ta del av lärarnasreflektioner valdes kvalitativa intervjuer. Lärarna har reflekterat över hinder och möjligheterför att eleverna ska nå målen för lektionen, vilken betydelse undervisningen har och hurlärarna upptäcker elevernas förmågor och kunskaper. Intervjuerna har analyserats utifrån femteman. Hinder för lärande, möjligheter för lärande, tillskott för allas lärande, undervisningpåverkar måluppfyllelsen och uttryck för elevers lärande. Studien visar att lärarna såg bådehinder och möjligheter för att eleverna skulle nå målet med lektionen. De menade att elevernabehöver olika lång tid på sig att lära och att tiden inte alltid räckte till. Tiden räckte vanligtvisinte till för att ta reda på elevers förförståelse som man önskade. Vidare att språkförståelsenhar stor betydelse framför allt för att förstå olika begrepp. Studien har också visat att lärarnatycker att undervisningen betyder mycket för elevernas resultat men att de inte alltid ser sinegen del i vare sig elevers möjligheter eller hinder. Att arbeta laborativt anser lärarna varaviktigt för måluppfyllelsen men de upplevde svårigheter med att komma igång. Vidare harstudien visat att lärarna anser att de tar reda på elevernas kunskaper på olika sätt så somtestresultat, observation och framförallt didaktisk intuition. En slutsats jag dragit är attlärarnas reflektioner över sin undervisning är viktig och behöver uppmärksammas mer.

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