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  • 1.
    Abrahamsson, Frida
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Ekelund, Sophie
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    All kärlek är fin kärlek: Ungdomars kommunikation i bloggar om sex och relationer2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Under ungdomsåren förändras ungdomar fysiskt, emotionellt och kognitivt. De går in i en ny fas i livet och utvecklas från att vara barn till att bli vuxna. Under ungdomsåren etablerara och experimenterar ungdomar med vanor, attityder, tro samt livsstil. Vid ogynnsamma förhållanden kan olika riskbeteende öka. Bland ungdopmar idag ses en ökning av sexuellexponering på sociala medier. Etfersom internet idag är mer lättillgängligt än tidigare kan det medföra att ungdomar i högre utsträckning exponerar sig sexuellt, vilket kan leda till sexuella övergrepp och missbruk.

    Syfte: Är att beskriva vad ungdomar kommunicerar om i bloggar, angående sex och relationer.

    Metod: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys enligt Graneheim och Lundman användes där fem ungdomsbloggar i åldrarna 17-25 år användes och analyserades

    Resultat: Utifrån de analyserade ungdomsbloggarna framkom det två huvudkategorier; Samhällets trender påverkar ungdomars sexuella hälsa och Tillit har betydelse för relationen. Under kategorierna bildades sex underkategorier. I resultatet framkom det att ungdomar kommunicerar i stor utsträckning om sex och relationer på sociala forum. De ansåg att det idag är mer accepterat med olika sexuella läggningar och familjekonstellationer samt diskuterades dagens könsideal. Det uttrycktes en negativ syn på hormonella preventivmedel. Bloggarna uttryckte att det var viktigt med bekräftelse i en relation.

    Konklusion: Ungdomar kommunicerar brett om sex och relationer på nätet, där de har en possitiv inställning till alternativa familjekontellationer. Synen på preventivmedel var negativ bland annat på grund av dess biverkningar och de förespråkade istället hormonfria alternativ. Relationer kan påverkas av olika förändringar i livet och att vara offentlig på internet kan upplevas som ansträngande för relationen.

  • 2.
    Andréen, Sofia
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Socialt välbefinnade hos barnmorskor inom förlossnings-/ BB-vård: En tvärsnittsstudie baserad på Job Related Social Well-being Scale2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 3.
    Bernhard, Pauline
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience.
    Neurala korrelat till medkänsla med speciellt fokus på självmedkänsla2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4.
    Boström, Patrik
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience.
    Arousal-induced memory augmentation2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Emotional events are often better preserved in memory than events without an emotional component. Emotional stimuli benefit from capturing and holding the attention of a perceiver to a higher degree than more emotion-neutral stimuli. Arousal associated with experiencing emotionally valenced stimuli or situations affects every major stage in creating, maintaining and retrieving lasting memories. Presented in this thesis were models delineating the behavioral and neurological mechanisms that might explain arousal-induced effects on subsequent memory outcome. Based on a study of relevant literature, findings were presented in this thesis that highlight amygdala activation as crucial for the enhancement of memory generally associated with emotional arousal. The amygdala modulates processing in other areas of the brain involved in memory. Heightened levels of norepinephrine, stemming from sympathetic nervous system activation, underlies observable arousal-induced memory effects and seem to be a crucial component in enabling glucocorticoid augmentation of memory. Arousal seems to further amplify the biased competition between stimuli that favors the neural representation of motivationally relevant stimuli and stimuli of a sensory salient nature. The aim of this thesis was to outline the impact of emotional arousal on different stages of memory processing, including processes for memory formation, strengthening of memory traces, and eventual subsequent retrieval. 

  • 5.
    Bäckström, Caroline A.
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education. Skaraborg Hospital Skövde, Woman, Child (K3), Skövde, Sweden / Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, CHILD-Research Group, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Mårtensson, Lena B.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Golsäter, Marie H.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, CHILD-Research Group, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Thorstensson, Stina A.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    "It's like a puzzle": Pregnant women's perceptions of professional support in midwifery care2016In: Women and Birth, ISSN 1871-5192, E-ISSN 1878-1799, Vol. 29, no 6, p. e110-e118Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ProblemPregnant women are not always satisfied with the professional support they receive during their midwifery care. More knowledge is needed to understand what professional support pregnant women need for childbirth and parenting.

    BackgroundChildbearing and the transition to becoming a parent is a sensitive period in one's life during which one should have the opportunity to receive professional support. Professional support does not always correspond to pregnant women's needs. To understand pregnant women's needs for professional support within midwifery care, it is crucial to further illuminate women's experiences of this support.

    AimTo explore pregnant women's perceptions of professional support in midwifery care.

    MethodsA qualitative study using semi-structured interviews. Fifteen women were interviewed during gestational weeks 36–38. Data was analysed using phenomenography.

    FindingsThe women perceived professional support in midwifery care to be reassuring and emotional, to consist of reliable information, and to be mediated with pedagogical creativity. The professional support facilitated new social contacts, partner involvement and contributed to mental preparedness. The findings of the study were presented in six categories and the category Professional support contributes to mental preparedness was influenced by the five other categories.

    ConclusionPregnant women prepare for childbirth and parenting by using several different types of professional support in midwifery care: a strategy that could be described as piecing together a puzzle. When the women put the puzzle together, each type of professional support works as a valuable piece in the whole puzzle. Through this, professional support could contribute to women's mental preparedness for childbirth and parenting.

  • 6.
    Ekström, Anette
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Thorstensson, Stina
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Nurses and midwives professional support increases with improved attitudes - design and effects of a longitudinal randomized controlled process-oriented intervention2015In: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, ISSN 1471-2393, E-ISSN 1471-2393, Vol. 15, no 1, article id 275Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Becoming parents for the first time is challenging. Mothers need both social and professional support to handle these challenges. Professionals’ attitudes affect quality of care and support. So to improve professional support, an intervention consisting of a process-oriented training was performed. Due to the positive results of the intervention there is a need to illuminate the methodological approach further. The overall aim was therefore to describe a methodological approach to improve and evaluate health care professionals’ attitudes toward breastfeeding and parental support in order to improve quality of care in childbearing.

    Methods: This study was a longitudinal randomized control intervention study, in which groups of mothers received care in childbearing from midwives and child health nurses. These health professionals had gone through a process-oriented training, or not. In order to improve attitudes of health professionals the training was based on evidence, practical skills and reflective processes (both private and professional experiences) in relation to breastfeeding and parental support. Included in the longitudinal study were health professionals from five intervention municipalities n = 36 and health professionals from five control municipalities n = 45. All mothers who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were consecutively identified from the hospital register and asked to participate in the study. Mothers who accepted to participate were included in the interventions group (n = 206) or control groups (n = 162, n = 172 respectively) based on which municipality they belonged to.

    Results: The results of the process-oriented training improved the professionals’ attitudes toward breastfeeding and parental support. These improved attitudes in health professionals increased intervention-group mother’s satisfaction with professional and social support. Intervention-group mother’s relation to and feelings for their baby as well as breastfeeding was also improved.

    Conclusion: These results stress the importance of professionals’ attitude in quality of care during childbearing, as well as pointing to the possibility to improve professionals’ attitudes with a process-oriented training.

    Trial registration: Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (ANZCTR), trial registration:ACTRN12611000354987.

  • 7.
    Ekström, Anette
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Thorstensson, Stina
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Validation of Measurement Scales in Health Care2015In: Journal of Nursing & Care, ISSN 2167-1168, Vol. 4, no 2, article id 1000236Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Handlin, Linda
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Muller, Jasmin
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Ekström, Anette
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Promoting health of Swedish workers by complementary methods: example of a study design of a longitudinal randomized controlled intervention study2017In: Medical Research Archives, ISSN 2375-1916, Vol. 5, no 8, p. 1-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: When designing, implementing, and evaluating a work site health promotion program, it is necessary to ensure that the program is evidence based. The present article aims to present in-depth information on the design of a longitudinal randomized controlled complementary intervention pilot study that follows the Consort recommendations to evaluate possible effects of a health promotive intervention in healthy workers.

    Methods: Employees from four different workplaces were randomly assigned to one of the following groups: i) Massage and mental training (sitting in the armchair and receiving mechanical massage while listening to mental training programs, n=19), ii) Massage (sitting in the armchair and receiving mechanical massage only, n=19), iii) Mental training (sitting in the armchair and listening to mental training programs only, n=19), iv) Pause (sitting in the armchair but not receiving mechanical massage or listening to mental training programs, n=19), v) Control (not sitting in the armchair at all, n=17). The study lasted for eight weeks. Immediately before the randomization, after four weeks and after eight weeks the participants responded to statements from the Swedish Scale of Personality and had their heart rate, blood pressure and fingertip temperature measured.

    Results: Receiving mechanical massage and listening to mental training programs, either separately or in combination, during working hours had some positive effects on the employees’ own evaluation of their health, as well as their heart rate, blood pressure and fingertip temperature. However, the intervention need to be evaluated further.

    Conclusion: The approach described makes it possible to design, implement and evaluate a work site health promotion program, also on pilot-study level and these results should be seen as a first step towards larger randomized studies. This types of studies need to focus on healthy participants and special care should be taken to guarantee adequately powered study groups and their homogeneity.

  • 9.
    Heikura, Emelie
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience.
    Resilience in cognitive neuroscience: The 'Ordinary Magic' of human recovery2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Resilience is a dynamic process that reflect individual ability to successfully recover and positively adapt to severe circumstances. In this essay, attachment, social support, self- regulation and affective processing, taken from the "shortlist of resilience" provided by Masten, are further analyzed and connected to findings within neuroscience. The result suggest that brain areas originated from the prefrontal cortex, such as orbitofrontal and dorsolateral cortex, are two major neural correlates to attachment and stress- and self- regulation. The amygdala is also an area of interest, because of its’ connection to emotions and affective memories. Research on affective style suggest that the functions associated with the prefrontal cortex are dampening the effect of the amygdala, which later supports resilience and recovery. The area of resilience is suffering from a lacking general definition, measurement and operationalization, which is argued to be the major challenge of this research area. Prominent researchers prospect that resilience research will continue to flourish within the area of neuroscience, and that further discoveries will be made concerning how this cognitive ability is related to structural and functional differences in the brain.

  • 10.
    Holmqvist, Merily
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience.
    Effekten av Omega-3 på demenssjukdom2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kännedom om Omega-3 började med att man upptäckte att omega-3 har en effekt på kardiovaskulära sjukdomar, sedan dess har man börjat utforska allt fler områden där omega-3 har visat sig ha en positiv effekt. Syftet med den här uppsatsen är att undersöka huruvida Omega-3 har en effekt på demens och den vanligaste demenssjukdomen Alzheimer. Demens orsakas bland annat av en omfattande celldöd i hjärnan och uttrycker sig genom att minnet och kognitionen blir gradvis försämrat eftersom det episodiska minnet är försämrat hos dementa. Alzheimer i sin tur har visat sig ha låga nivåer av DHA i hippocampus. Studier har visat att ett intag av fisk och Omega-3 kan förebygga en uppkomst av demens och Alzheimer och förbättra den kognitiva försämringen som sker vid demenssjukdom. Slutresultaten är motsägelsefulla. De flesta studier visar att Omega-3 påverkar och förbättrar kognitionen hos Demens och Alzheimer patienter och kan verka förebyggande och även som behandling. Emellertid finns det de studier som visar på att Omega-3 inte har visat någon signifikant effekt, eller enbart har en förebyggande effekt och endast ifall demenssjukdomen inte är starkt genetiskt betingad.

  • 11.
    Huusko, Linda
    et al.
    Närhälsan Skövde Women's Health Clinic, Skövde, Sweden.
    Sjöberg, Sandra
    Women's Health Clinic, Umeå, Sweden.
    Ekström, Anette
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education. Department of Health Sciences, University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Hertfelt Wahn, Elisabeth
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Thorstensson, Stina
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    First-Time Fathers’ Experience of Support from Midwives in Maternity Clinics: An Interview Study2018In: Nursing Research and Practice, ISSN 2090-1429, E-ISSN 2090-1437, article id 9618036Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Research shows that first-time fathers want to take part in preparation for birth and parenthood but they describe being excluded by health professionals. Aim: The aim of this study was to illustrate first-time fathers’ experiences of support from midwives in maternity clinics as a step in the validation of “The Father Perceived-Professional-Support” (The FaPPS) scale. Methods: A qualitative content analysis with an inductive and deductive approach was used; seven first-time fathers were strategically selected and interviewed. In the inductive part the following open question was asked: “How did you perceive the support from the antenatal midwife/midwives?” In the deductive part, the fathers were asked to respond to the FaPPS scale, in order to receive their thoughts and understanding of the scale, inspired by the “Think-aloud” method. Findings. The inductive results showed two main categories: Experience of not knowing what support they needed and Experience of being excluded. The fathers found support from other fathers in parental education classes, but they lack time to discuss. Overall it seems as if the fathers answered both from their own perspective and from the mothers’ perspective. This was not evident in the deductive results. The FaPPs scale should therefore include professionals’ ability to strengthen social support from other first-time fathers and professionals’ ability to offer support to the mother. Conclusion and Clinical Implications. The fathers experienced exclusion both by themselves and also by midwives. Midwives should offer both parents the opportunity to pose questions. It is important for expectant fathers that time for discussion is planned in parental education classes. The FaPPS scale is useful but needs further development. Parts of our result are in line with earlier research, for decades; therefore it is necessary to focus more on support for fathers.

  • 12.
    Jansson, Ida
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Gustafsson, Sandra
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Det professionella stödets betydelse för pappors upplevelse av sitt första barns födelse: en kvalitativ innehållsanalys2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Throughout time women have supported each other during childbirth with the woman in labor seen as the main character. Extensive research exists on women’s need for professional and social support during the labor process. Recently, the fathers’ experiences and needs have been given attention. Father´s childbirth-experience is important for father-child bonding, in the transition to parenthood and his own well-being. More knowledge about fathers’ experiences with professional support during their first child’s birth is expected. This knowledge is needed so the fathers experience professional support. Aim: To describe the meaning of professional Support for fathers during the birth of their first child. Method: Six participants have been interviewed over telephone. A qualitative content analysis has been used to answer the aim of the study. Results: Information, communication, participation and available birth attendants are important for the fathers experience with professional support. Fathers read the midwives body language and feel faith in the birth attendants who radiate competence and certainty. The fathers consider that their main task is to be supportive for the woman in labor, and professional support makes that possible. Conclusion: Professional support for fathers during childbirth is important for their feeling of manageability.

  • 13.
    Jonsson, Emma
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Finnander, Terese
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Drowning prevention and life saving program 2012 Thailand2016In: Injury Prevention, ISSN 1353-8047, E-ISSN 1475-5785, Vol. 22, p. A297-A298Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Jonsson, Emma
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Finnander, Terese
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    DROWNING PREVENTION AND LIFE SAVING PROGRAM: IMPLEMENTATION AND EVALUATION IN THAILAND2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Worldwide, drowning is the third leading cause of death among children. In Asia it is the first leading cause of death and a major public health threat. The objective of this paper was to develop a drowning prevention program including swimming training, CPR and lifesaving methods for children and to evaluate it. This intervention was provided and evaluated in Thailand where drowning is the first leading cause of death among children. The study used observations, quantitative and qualitative methods. In total 20 children in the age of seven to ten, from Nan Province in northern Thailand were participating.The result of this intervention is that the children are highly capable to learn swimming, CPR and lifesaving activities within 10 days. Out of 20 participants all have successfully completed the swimming, CPR and lifesaving programs.The conclusion of this intervention study can be sum up by both the interventions result, the questionnaires and the independent evaluators is that swimming program as this one is highly needed for saving lives. Support from the local as well as the central authority is also needed. Therefore such swimming program shows the importance of swimming knowledge and water security to prevent drowning in near future.

  • 15.
    Kumpula Back, Mirja
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Mohamad, Rondik
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Barnmorskors uppfattningar om kvinnors behov i klimakteriet2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 16.
    Larsson, Malin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Pettersson, Sandra
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Tillit och tvivel går hand i hand- gravida kvinnors tankar inför sitt första barns födelse: kvalitativ innehållsanalys baserad på kvalitativa frågeformulär2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Becoming a mother is a transition that leads the woman from a known to an unknown existence, both social and professional support can facilitate this revolutionary event. In order to offer a good support, more knowledge about women's thoughts on the birth of their first child is needed. Aim:To describe pregnant women's thoughts before the birth of their first child. Method: Qualitative content analysis with inductive approach. Qualitative questionnaires were answered by 18 informants. Findings: Four main categoriesreveal; thoughts about their own ability and experience, thoughts about the childbirth environment, thoughts about the partnerand thoughts about the unborn child. The theme that reveals is that pregnant women's thoughts about the birth of their first child commute between trust and doubt.Conclusion: Women have confidence in their own ability but at the same time concern about the unknown. Thoughts that the delivery may affect the experience, therefore it is important that the midwife helps the woman to handle her thoughts so that she gains realistic expectations. Women have ambivalent thoughts about the support she will be offered. Professional and social support is important for achieving a positive childbirth experience and therefore continuous support should be offered during childbirth.

  • 17.
    Muller, Jasmin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Handlin, Linda
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Harlén, Mikael
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Ekström, Anette
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Mechanical massage and mental training programmes affect employees´ anxiety, stress susceptibility and detachment – a randomised explorative pilot study2015In: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, ISSN 1472-6882, E-ISSN 1472-6882, Vol. 15, no 1, article id 302Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND:

    Working people's reduced ability to recover has been proposed as a key factor behind the increase in stress-related health problems. One not yet evidence-based preventive method designed to help employees keep healthy and be less stressed is an armchair with built-in mechanical massage and mental training programmes, This study aimed to evaluate possible effects on employees' experience of levels of "Anxiety", "Stress Susceptibility", "Detachment" and "Social Desirability" when using mechanical massage and mental training programmes, both separately and in combination, during working hours.

    METHODS:

    Employees from four different workplaces were randomly assigned to one of the following groups: i) Massage and mental training (sitting in the armchair and receiving mechanical massage while listening to the mental training programmes, n=19), ii) Massage (sitting in the armchair and receiving mechanical massage only, n=19), iii) Mental training (sitting in the armchair and listening to the mental training programmes only, n=19), iv) Pause (sitting in the armchair but not receiving mechanical massage or listening to the mental training programmes, n=19), v) Control (not sitting in the armchair at all, n=17). In order to discover how the employees felt about their own health they were asked to respond to statements from the "Swedish Scale of Personality" (SSP), immediately before the randomisation, after four weeks and after eight weeks (end-of-study).

    RESULTS:

    There were no significant differences between the five study groups for any of the traits studied ("Somatic Trait Anxiety", "Psychic Trait Anxiety", "Stress Susceptibility", "Detachment" and "Social Desirability") at any of the occasions. However, the massage group showed a significant decrease in the subscale "Somatic Trait Anxiety" (p=0.032), during the entire study period. Significant decreases in the same subscale were also observed in the pause group between start and week eight (p=0.040) as well as between week four and week eight (p=0.049) and also in the control group between the second and third data collection (p=0.014). The massage and mental training group showed a significant decrease in "Stress Susceptibility" between week four and week eight (p=0.022). The pause group showed a significant increase in the subscale "Detachment" (p=0.044).

    CONCLUSIONS:

    There were no significant differences between the five study groups for any of the traits studied. However, when looking at each individual group separately, positive effects in their levels of "Anxiety", "Stress Susceptibility" and "Detachment" could be seen. Although the results from this pilot study indicate some positive effects, mechanical chair massage and mental training programmes used in order to increase employee's ability to recover, needs to be evaluated further as tools to increase the employees ability to recover.

  • 18.
    Nilsson, Stefan
    et al.
    CHILD, School of Health Sciences, Borås University, Sweden.
    Björkman, Berit
    CHILD, School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Almqvist, Anna-Lena
    CHILD, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Almqvist, Lena
    CHILD, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Björk-Willén, Polly
    CHILD, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Linköping University, Sweden.
    Donohue, Dana
    Centre for AAC, University of Pretoria, South Africa.
    Enskär, Karin
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education. CHILD, School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Granlund, Mats
    CHILD, School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Huus, Karina
    CHILD, School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Hvit, Sara
    CHILD, School of Education and Communication, Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Children's voices: Differentiating a child perspective from a child's perspective2015In: Developmental Neurorehabilitation, ISSN 1751-8423, E-ISSN 1751-8431, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 162-168Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE:

    The aim of this paper was to discuss differences between having a child perspective and taking the child's perspective based on the problem being investigated.

    METHODS:

    Conceptual paper based on narrative review.

    RESULTS:

    The child's perspective in research concerning children that need additional support are important. The difference between having a child perspective and taking the child's perspective in conjunction with the need to know children's opinions has been discussed in the literature. From an ideological perspective the difference between the two perspectives seems self-evident, but the perspectives might be better seen as different ends on a continuum solely from an adult's view of children to solely the perspective of children themselves. Depending on the research question, the design of the study may benefit from taking either perspective. In this article, we discuss the difference between the perspectives based on the problem being investigated, children's capacity to express opinions, environmental adaptations and the degree of interpretation needed to understand children's opinions.

    CONCLUSION:

    The examples provided indicate that children's opinions can be regarded in most research, although to different degrees.

  • 19.
    Odh, Ida
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Pettersson, Alexandra
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Att informera unga tjejer om normala flytningar: En intervjustudie med barnmorskor på ungdomsmottagning2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Barnmorskor på ungdomsmottagningar spelar en viktig roll i att informera och utbilda ungdomar om pubertetsutveckling och sexualitet. Under puberteten sker fysiska förändringar med unga tjejers kroppar. I underlivet sker tillväxt och en ökad sekretion vilket ger upphov till flytningar.  Trots att detta är en normal process är det något som unga tjejer har frågor om då de söker sig till ungdomsmottagningar.

    Syfte: Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka barnmorskors erfarenheter av hur unga tjejer på ungdomsmottagningen informeras om normala flytningar.

    Metod: Kvalitativ innehållsanalys användes som metod. Semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes och totalt inkluderades sju barnmorskor verksamma inom ungdomsmottagning.

    Resultat: Resultatet presenteras genom två kategorier; Information om vad som är normala flytningar och hur kroppen fungerar samt Information för ungdomar i olika åldrar vid utåtriktat arbete. Underliggande dessa fanns tre underkategorier; Normala flytningars förändringar genom menstruationscykeln, Stärkande gynekologisk undersökning och egenundersökning samt Konkret information genom visuella hjälpmedel.

    Konklusion: Genom att ge hälsofrämjande information kan barnmorskor ge unga tjejer en tydlig bild över vad som är normalt och även ge en uppfattning om vad som avviker från det normala. Ökad kunskap och förståelse bör kunna ge unga tjejer en starkare självkänsla.

  • 20.
    Olsson, Mona
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Styrketräningens effekt på personer med artros: En litteraturstudie2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Osteoarthritis is the most common rheumatic arthritis in Sweden. In total, between 7 to 800,000 people in Sweden suffering for osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis involves an imbalance between the formation and degradation of articular cartilage that leads to loss of function, stiffness and pain in the joint. With exercise, you can both prevent disease and reduce symptoms. Studies have shown that exercise gives equally good pain relief as pain relievers, in mild to moderate osteoarthritis. To practice the sense of connection and coping abilities can be a way to increase the sense of self-efficacy and a way to learn to deal with pain and illness. Aim: To investigate how strength training affects people with osteoarthritis in terms of pain and mobility. Method: A literature review where ten scientific articles were included and examined, and then compared and combined in a result. Results: Strength training provides great advantages for people with osteoarthritis. What kind of training does not seem to play any major role. The main thing is that it strengthens the muscles to relieve the joint, resulting in reduced pain and greater mobility. Conclusion: Strength training affects people with osteoarthritis in a positive way in terms of both strength and flexibility. In the studies reviewed was a significant difference in the groups where strength is used as a treatment.

  • 21.
    Svensson, Beatrice
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience.
    The Sense of Touch: Physiology and Neural Correlates of Affective Touch and its Role in Subjective Wellbeing2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The somatosensory system concerns the sense of touch. It is sectioned into various kinds of touch, such as the proprioceptive sense, providing information of sense of self and position of limbs, and the cutaneous sense, informing of the modalities of touching or being touched. The cutaneous sense is further divided into discriminative touch and affective touch. Discriminative touch is an exteroceptive sense of touch that responds to stimuli of pressure and vibration, and affective touch is an interoceptive sense of touch that corresponds to e.g. pleasant and painful stimuli, communicating information to the brain through A-delta and C-fibers. Recent studies investigates affective touch to have emotional affect on the subjective experience of touch, affecting subjective wellbeing. The aim of this thesis is to examine the sense of touch and its relevant neural correlates, focusing on affective touch and its role in subjective wellbeing and social relations. A presentation of physiological and neural aspects of touch will be held as well as a description of subjective wellbeing. The conclusion for this thesis is that affective touch appears to activate brain areas of orbitofrontal cortex, frontal polar cortice, prefrontal cortex and insula cortex, which are brain areas processing subjective wellbeing, e.g. evaluating positive and negative effect and processing emotional information and behavior. Examining correlations between affective touch and positive affect, negative affect, oxytocin release, social relations and affiliative behavior shows influence from affective touch on subjective wellbeing. A discussion of the current findings is provided, including directions for future research.

  • 22.
    Temnerud, Lars
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience. lars.temnerud@gmail.com.
    The key role of dopamine as the neural correlate of intrinsic motivation and trait plasticity2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Self-determination theory (SDT), a motivation theory, consists of motivation types: intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, and amotivation, where the social environment is important. SDT’s motivation orientations are about individual differences in people’s tendencies to orient towards environments. The five factor model (FFM), a personality theory, consists of five factors and can be grouped into two metatraits; plasticity: extraversion and openness; and stability: agreeableness, conscientiousness, and neuroticism. Studies show that SDT’s motivation orientations and the factors of FFM significantly covary. Intrinsic motivation and trait plasticity have similar features; the desire for exploration, engagement, well-being, and dopamine as neural correlate. The thesis reviews the role of dopamine as the neural correlate of intrinsic motivation and trait plasticity – a relation between motivation and personality. Dopamine and trait plasticity function to attain rewards of uncertainty and explore, but uncertainty is threatening. Salience coding neurons, value coding neurons and a combination of both are related, respectively, to rewards of information, specific rewards and the value of any uncertainty. Intrinsic motivation is related to the value coding neurons, flow via D2 receptors, the salience network, and the seeking system. Conclusions: there are many appealing similarities and rational that relate constructs/mechanisms – motivation is related to personality; can there even be a common construct? However; results based on proposed theories, neuroscientific quality issues, early inconsistent findings of intrinsic motivation mechanisms, and trait stability are speculated to, also, be needed to model intrinsic motivation. Unifying cross-disciplinary work and proposed theories of neural correlates are encouraged.

  • 23.
    Theurich, Melissa Ann
    et al.
    LMU - Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität Munich, Div. Metabolic and Nutritional Medicine, Dr. von Hauner Children's Hospital, Munich, Germany.
    Davanzo, Riccardo
    Department of Mother and Child Health, ASM-Matera and Task Force on Breastfeeding, MOH, Rome, Italy.
    Busck-Rasmussen, Marianne
    Danish Committee for Health Education, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Díaz-Gómez, N. Marta
    Instituto de Tecnologías Biomédicas (ITB) and Centro de Investigaciones Biomédicas de Canarias (CIBICAN), Universidad de La Laguna, Spain.
    Brennan, Christine
    Breastfeeding Promotion Foundation, Bern, Switzerland.
    Kylberg, Elisabeth
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Bærug, Anne
    Norwegian National Advisory Unit on Breastfeeding, Oslo, Norway.
    McHugh, Laura
    Health Service Executive, Ennis, Ireland.
    Weikert, Cornelia
    German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment, Department of Food Safety, Berlin, Germany.
    Abraham, Klaus
    German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment, Department of Food Safety, Berlin, Germany.
    Koletzko, Berthold
    LMU - Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität Munich, Div. Metabolic and Nutritional Medicine, Dr. von Hauner Children's Hospital, Munich, Germany.
    Breastfeeding Rates and Programs in Europe: A Survey of 11 National Breastfeeding Committees and Representatives2019In: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - JPGN, ISSN 0277-2116, E-ISSN 1536-4801, Vol. 68, no 3, p. 400-407Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: Among the world's regions, the WHO European Region has the lowest rates of exclusive breastfeeding at age 6 months with around 25%. Low rates and early cessation of breastfeeding have important adverse health consequences for women, infants and young children. Protecting, promoting and supporting breastfeeding are a public health priority.

    OBJECTIVES: National breastfeeding data and monitoring systems among selected European countries and the WHO European Region are compared. Mechanisms for the support, protection and promotion of breastfeeding are reviewed and successes and challenges in implementation of national programs are presented.

    METHODS: National representatives of national breastfeeding committees and initiatives in eleven European countries, including Belgium, Croatia, Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Italy, The Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland, participated in a standardized survey. Results are evaluated and compared in a narrative review.

    RESULTS: Variation exists in Europe on breastfeeding rates, methodology for data collection and mechanisms for support, protection and promotion of breastfeeding. Directly after birth, between 56 and 98 % of infants in all countries were reported to receive any human milk, and at 6 months 38-71% and 13-39 % of infants to be breastfed or exclusively breastfed, respectively. National plans addressing breastfeeding promotion, protection and support exist in 6 of the 11 countries.

    CONCLUSIONS: National governments should commit to evidence-based breastfeeding monitoring and promotion activities, including financial and political support, to improve breastfeeding rates in the Europe. Renewed efforts for collaboration between countries in Europe, including a sustainable platform for information exchange, are needed.

  • 24.
    Thorstensson, Stina
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Claesson, Amanda
    Mölndal labour ward, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Packalen, Anna
    Kvinnokliniken, Skaraborgs Sjukhus Skövde, Sweden.
    Hertfelt Wahn, Elisabeth
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Ekström, Anette
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Validating the Mother-to-Infant Relation and Feelings' scale by first-time mothers' descriptions three months after birth2014In: Journal of Women's Health, Issues & Care, ISSN 2325-9795, Vol. 3, no 6, article id 1000173Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Thorstensson, Stina
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Nilsson, Maria
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Olsson, Linda
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Hertfelt Wahn, Elisabeth
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Ekström, Anette
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Women's Experiences of Midwifery Support during Pregnancy A step in the Validation of the Scale: "The Mother Perceived Support from Professionals"2015In: Journal of Nursing & Care, ISSN 2167-1168, Vol. 4, no 2, article id 1000241Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Pregnancy can be physically and emotionally stressful for the parents, which means they need adequate professional support. Easy-to-use, validated scales are important in order to develop professional support in Antenatal care as well as in research.

    The aim: Our aim was to illuminate pregnant women’s experience of professional support at the Antenatal care, in relation to the Mother-Perceived-Professionals-Support (MoPPS) scale.

    Method: A qualitative study design using the method “Think aloud” with both inductive and deductive approaches, was used. Five first-time mothers were interviewed with open questions followed by questions related to the MoPPS scale items. Data was analyzed using inductive and deductive qualitative content analyses.

    Results: The inductive analysis resulted in one theme: “Professional support from midwives made women created a feeling of security and unique or rejected and lonely during pregnancy” and three categories: “Continuity and competence”, “Perceiving trust or not” and “Parental groups or individual visits”. The deductive analysis described the mothers’ understanding of each item. However, coherence between the inductive and deductive analyses varied and the MoPPS-scale needs development.

    Conclusion: The result shows that women's experience of professional support affects their sense of feeling safe or lonely during pregnancy. Important for midwives were to meet the women’s unique individual needs. The MoPPS scale was considered to be relevant and easy to understand, but it needs development to include questions about continuity, parental groups and the perception of midwives’ competence, which all were important for the women during their pregnancies.

    Clinical implications: To offer adequate professional support for women during pregnancy, midwives need to meet the women’s unique individual needs with both medical and supportive knowledge.

  • 26.
    Vingéus, Kevin
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics.
    AN INVESTIGATION ON MIMICKING WITH BREATH FOR IMMERSION: A case study on immersion comparing the differences between input-feedback and queued guidance during a breathing exercisein a VR experience using common hardware2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Practicing breathing exercises isn’t very engaging thou it is seen as great for well-being. Applications can utilize breath as a controller mechanism for interactions. With virtual reality (VR) being an effective tool for inducing the sense of immersion and presence, a breathing exercise was paired up with three alternative sessions in an application that was developed to examine the differences between mimicking and controlling input during an experience in VR, with the baseline of interaction being that of no other controllers but head-orientation-tracking of the VR device. Two pilot tests were performed to evaluate functionality and procedure. The main tests investigated the case of research. It was possible to identify mimicking as an immersive experience that promoted the breathing exercise, while input was more immersive but less beneficial towards performing the breathing exercise. The study was also conducted with- and addresses some design limitations of commonly accessible hardware.

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