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  • 1.
    Aastrup, Minna
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Bergström, Tyra
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskans postoperativa omhändertagande av patienter som genomgått generell narkos.2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Studies have shown that the care should be adapted to the individual patient. The postoperative patient has a special need for information. The postoperative needs are ranked different by nurses and patients. Nurses find that competent caregivers, pain relief and the treatment should be a high priority. Patients feel that competent caregivers, communication and a good care are the most important needs that they have in the postoperative setting. The aim of this study is to describe nurses postoperative care of patients who has undergone a general anesthesia and who is treated at surgical ward. The study has a qualitative approach. The data has been collected through semistructural interviews. Six nurses’ have been interviewed. This study shows that information is an important aspect in the patients care. It is important to inform the patient about what is going to happen and what has happened, the patient should also inform the nurse about their condition. There should also be a communication between the different caregivers. Is it also essential that the nurses are attentive to the patient’s pain. Collaboration between caregivers and between the nurse and patient is vital for a good care. The care should be adapted to the individual needs of the patients.

  • 2.
    Abbas, Sahar
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Rydholm, Tuija
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Barnmorskans stategier för att skapa ett positivt möte med kvinnan2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det första mötet mellan barnmorskan och kvinnan är nyckeln till en positiv upplevelse av förlossningen. Dagens förlossningsvård strävar efter att varje förlossning ska bli en unik händelse för kvinnan. Barnmorskans ansvar med bakomliggande strategier är att se till att det här första mötet blir ett lyckat möte. Syftet med denna studie var att belysa vilka strategier barnmorskan har för att skapa ett positivt första möte, där kvinnan är i ett aktivt värkarbete. Metoden som användes var intervjuer som analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Sex barnmorskor vilka arbetar inom förlossningsvård i ett län i Västsverige deltog i studien. De svarade på fyra öppna frågor hur de skapar ett positivt första möte med kvinnan. Barnmorskornas strategier beskrivs i huvudtemat Närvarande och Lyhörd med kategorierna: Kvinnan i fokus, Skapa trygghetskänsla och Skapa delaktighet. Det framkom även hur viktigt dialogen mellan barnmorskan och kvinnan är för att sedan utveckla en relation och skapa ett positivt första möte.

  • 3.
    Abrahamsson, Annika
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Gredevik-Heinebrün, Eva
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Kommunikation mellan sjuksköterskor och omvårdnadspersonal - en enkätstudie ur omvårdnadspersonalens perspektiv på korttidsboende2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    Background: Communication is a fundamental necessity for patient security within the healthcare organization. Earlier research within the subject is largely centred around the communication between nurses and patients or nurses and physicians. Research studying communication between nurses and healthcare personnel exist to a much smaller extent.

    Aim: To explore communication with nurses within short-time residences from the perspective of the healthcare personnel and describe experiences of communication between nurses and healthcare personnel in the caring of patients at short-time residences.

    Method: Questionnaire

    Results: The results show that the healthcare personnel hold both good and bad experiences of communication with the nurses. According to the healthcare personnel, the communication is vital to provide good treatment for the patients, but also since certain workgroups function in teams. There is existing routines for communication, and the healthcare personnel experience that these routines functions well. On the contrary there is obscurity concerning routines in acute situations. Preferably, and most often, the communication is verbal. The healthcare personnel sometimes feel that the communication with the nurses is insufficient, but also found some information to be unnecessary.

  • 4.
    Adam, Mariana
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Varför väljer studenter att påbörja en sjuksköterskeutbildning?: en enkätstudie2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate why nursing students choose to start a nurse education and what perception they have about the profession? The design of the study was quantitative with a descriptive design. Data was collected from the new nursing students (n= 34) at a University, fall term 2010 using a questionnaire. The result showed that students choose nurse education for various reasons. The most common reason for the choice was to get an opportunity to continue their education within the nursing profession and for those students who have worked in health care chose the nurse education to continue as a nurse. Whatever the reason students have the will to help other people a major reason for the choice of nursing. The students felt that a nurse should be empathetic, wise, attentive, and thorough and open- minded in their professional capacity. The students thought that the most common tasks for a nurse are documentation, physical care, emotional care and medical technical tasks.

  • 5.
    Aden, Najmo
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Luwedde, Jalia
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Närståendes upplevelser efter att en anhörig har begått suicid: En litteraturstudie baserad på självbiografier2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Suicide is self-destructive act that leads to death and is usually a consequence of mental illness and disease. Suicide also leads to great suffering for the relatives left behind. The nurse’s role in cases like these is therefore to acknowledge and support relatives in their grieving process. Aim: Is to describe relatives’ lived experiences after their next of kin commits suicide in order to create an understanding on how nurses can respond to their needs. Method: The study was based on seven autobiographies. Dahborg-lyckhage’s method for analyzing narratives was used to analyze the chosen biographies. Results: The results describe the relatives’ feelings like guilt, shame, relief among others and reactions after their next of kin’s suicide. They experienced avoidance by people in their surroundings. They also lacked professional support to assist them in their bereavement and had to reach out for it themselves. Conclusion: Nurses have a role to fulfill with supporting relatives in their grieving process with aim to help on improving their wellbeing and relieve their suffering. Information about support groups and helpful organizations like SPES as a form of social support can be very helpful in achieving this.

  • 6.
    Adolfsson, Lisa
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    ATT LEVA MED HIV/AIDS I SYDAFRIKA: en litteraturöversikt2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    BAKGRUND: Humant Immunbrist Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) är en pandemi som hårdast drabbat utvecklingsländer i världen. I Sydafrika är 6,300 000 HIV/AIDS positiva. Studier visar att människor som lever i fattigdom utsätts för den största risken att bli drabbad av HIV/AIDS, då utbildning och möjligheten till val av livsstil är låg. Skam och stigmatisering drabbar både människan i fråga och dess närstående. SYFTE: Syftet med studien är att beskriva Sydafrikanska människor upplevelse av sin livssituation efter en HIV/AIDS diagnos. METOD: Litteraturöversikt, åtta artiklar har analyserats för att nå arbetets resultat. RESULTAT: Resultatet är uppbyggt under tre huvudteman; Egenupplevt och samhällets skuldbeläggande hos HIV/AIDS-positiva människor, Viktiga faktorer för att uppnå en känsla av hälsa hos HIV/AIDS-positiva människor samt Behov och längtan av stöd från närstående. Resultatet beskriver att den drabbade värderar anonymitet högt för att undvika samhällets stigmatisering. Gott bemötande hos vårdpersonalen visade sig också vara en viktig faktor för välbefinnande hos människan, men även stöd från familj. Stödet från familjen upplevdes dock i vissa fall som svårt att finna. DISKUSSION: Stigma som är ett stort problem hos den drabbade skulle kunna minskas med utbildning och spridning av kunskap hos allmänheten. Bemötande som ger människan en känsla av trygghet och ett system som är gynnsamt för individens anonymitet är eftersökt. Detta trots att forskning visar att en öppenhet uppmuntras hos de HIV positiva för att minska stigma. Rädslan är dock för stor för att detta skulle kunna bli aktuellt för många

  • 7.
    Afzelius, My
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Sjölund, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter och upplevelser av att vårda unga kvinnor som drabbats av bröstcancer - en kvalitativ intervjustudie2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Being diagnosed with breast cancer is an overwhelming experience,especially for young women of childbearing age, because they often find themselves in acomplex life situation. Aim: The aim of the study was to describe nurses’ experiences ofwhat is important in caring for young women with breast cancer. Method: The data wascollected by semi-structured qualitative interviews according to Kvale and Brinkmann. The transcribed interviews have been analyzed to understand their meaning. Results: Caring ofyoung women with breast cancer do not differ from other patient groups. Although allpatients should be treated on equal terms, caring should be individualized. Importantelements, such as deep conversations, are perceived as difficult in caring and referred toother professionals. However, the nurses stress the importance of these conversations to geta relationship with the patients. Discussion: A caring relationship is important in order toget access to what patients considers important in caring. Without a caring relationship, it isimpossible to give the patients the right support. Caring should be individualized becausethe perception of health is subjective. The nurses seem unfamiliar with self reflection whichshows in their unwillingness to discuss sensitive topics.

  • 8.
    Ahlenhed, Elisabeth
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Varför fortsätter rökare att röka och vad motiverar till ett rökstopp?: en kvalitativ studie2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 9.
    Ahlin, Elin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Simon, Helena
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Distriktssköterskors erfarenheter av att stödja patienter med hypertoni till livsstilsförändringar2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Hypertension is a public health problem and a major risk factor for developing cardiovascular disease. The basis for the nursing care is lifestyle changes. District nurses´ role includes to advise, motivate and support life style changes, as well as to promote patient participation and autonomy, through an equal and mutual communication.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to illuminate experiences of district nurses supporting patients with hypertension to make lifestyle changes.

    Method: The data were analyzed by qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach. Eight district nurses responsible for hypertensive patients were interviewed.

    Results: Three categories emerged from the data analysis: Initiates cooperation; Confirms the individual and Adapts nursing for the patient, with six subcategories.

    Conclusion: The district nurses perceived their role as central, important, and responsible when providing advice and instruction. They also considered themselves as an important link between the patient and other actors. Responsiveness of the patient's life context, as well as using a communication strategy when giving counseling on lifestyle changes were considered important to promote patient participation and autonomy. To motivate lifestyle changes individually was described as a difficulty and district nurses expressed frustration with the lack of time for follow-up.

  • 10.
    Ahlm, Robin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Björk, Anna-Karin
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Vårdares upplevelser av att arbeta med döden och döendet utifrån hospicefilosofin: En intervjustudie2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Death is considered a stressor to all health care personnel and previous research shows that this applies to hospice caregivers as well. In addition, a number of common coping strategies are impossible to use due to the specific environment. One study however points out low burn-out rating among the hospice caregivers and suggests the holistic nursing perspective, among others, as one of the possible reasons for this seemingly ambivalent finding. Can the hospice philosophy influence the view on death among hospice caregivers? An interview based study was conducted among caregivers working in a hospice in Sweden, where three participants took part. The manifest content relating to the purpose of the study was identified and analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The result shows that hospice caregivers indeed are influenced by the hospice philosophy in areas such as the view on end-of-life care, dying and professional cooperation. The participants displayed affection for their work style and a variety of ways in which to cope with the difficulty of their work. Work based on a philosophy that permeates the care of the patients seems to increase the appreciation of each other as co-workers. Further research in this area can be of interest.

  • 11.
    Albertsson, Josefin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Bergström, Matilda
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Copingstrategier hos patienter med KOL: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: COPD is a disease that affects the airways and the lungs. The disease is characterized by the patient having a limited airflow and the most common risk factor for COPD is tobacco smoke. COPD affects the entire lifeworld of the patient as the disease has both physical and mental impact and the patient is often in need of support. To handle stress-causing factors, people use different coping strategies, and these may vary depending on the situation, experience, and support available around the person. Aim: To describe coping strategies in patients with COPD and thereby create an understanding of these patients need for support. Method: The study is a literature review where nine articles with a qualitative approach and one article with a quantitative approach have been analyzed. Result: The result is presented with the categories Coping strategies for managing emotions and thoughts and Coping strategies that focus on change. In these categories different coping strategies of COPD patients are described in ten subcategories. Conclusion: Which coping strategies COPD-patients use depends on their lifeworld and what social and professional support is available around them. The coping strategies that focus on change are especially those who promote health, but other coping strategies are also common since the disease is associated with shame and guilt. The nurse must pay attention to the patients' coping strategies and provide them with support in implementing coping strategies that promote health. 

  • 12.
    Alemayehu, Samrawit
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Tranchell, Elin
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Kvinnors upplevelser efter en gastric bypass operation: Är gräset alltid grönare på andra sidan?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The worldwide prevalence of obesity has doubled in the last twenty years and is therefore classified as a global epidemic and is therefore a major health problem. This has initiated the gastric bypass surgery to increase. It is therefore important that nurses and people considering this operation have a better understanding and knowledge the life after the surgery. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe women's experiences after a gastric bypass surgery. Method: This study used qualitative method to study the blogs written by women who have gone through gastric bypass surgery. It contains 14 analysed blogs. Results/ Discussion: The result shows that women have a better quality of life when it´s easier for them to move around and don’t feel the discomfort when they are participating in social activities. However, there is a downside to the surgery. They find it difficult to adjust to the new lifestyle, in order to avoid the complications. Some of these women are also experiencing identity crisis. Conclusion: It is therefore significant for patients who have gone through gastric bypass surgery to get the support they need with attitudes and information about diet to have a healthy and permanent weight loss and lifestyle. Further research on how women experience the psychological health before and after the surgery needs to be done since obesity is increasing and more people are choosing this method for weight loss.

  • 13.
    Alexandersson, Elin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Willsson, Linda
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Barns upplevelser av att leva med övervikt eller fetma: en litteraturstudie2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to describe children’s experience of living with overweight or obesity, by using a literature-review. The study includes eleven articles, data is from children between ages 5-15 year. The result occurring were in the areas; Quality of life and self-esteem, Social company, Body concept and weight reduction and Psychological unhealth. BMI above what is recommended gives a negative influence on quality of live and self-esteem. The exposure of teasing is rising, which also dieting and weight–related concerns do. Depression symptoms occur in varying degree, but the correlation to BMI is not direct. Girls in ages up to 14 years seem to be most influenced by being overweight or obese. The language children are using related to their own body may act as a barrier to apply its health- consequences on themselves. Health- care professionals should treat those children in a way that reinforce their view of themselves, by doing so they can help them reaching better health. To improve treat and treatment of the children, there is a need of more qualitative investigation in the subject.

  • 14.
    Alexandersson, Sandra
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Roos Andersson, Maria
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Att förebygga och behandla malnutrition i sjukvården: En litteraturstudie2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Malnutrition is a well known problem in the patient related care in Europe as well as in the rest of the world. Despite this is malnutrition something that still exists. What can that depend on? It is important to judge the patients nutrition status as a routine to be able to prevent malnutrition. The effects of malnutrition cost the community a lot of money and human suffering. The aim of this study was to see the nurse’s responsibility when it comes to prevent and treat malnutrition in his/her daily work. Our choice of method to answer this aim was a literature review. With regard to scientific quality we elected to review ten articles. The results of this study are showing that judging, preventing measures, documentation and interaction between the nurse and patient are important in the work of preventing and treating of malnutrition. The conclusion is that it’s necessary for the nurses to have more education in malnutrition to be able to identify risk patients. The interaction between the nurse and patient is also very important and has to work correctly

  • 15.
    Alexandersson, Sofia
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Pettersson, Johanna
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Distriktssköterskors upplevelser av telefonrådgivning inom primärvården i samtal med människor av annan etnisk bakgrund: En intervjustudie2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Telephone advice nursing is a big part of the assignment as a district nurse in primary care. The district nurse must have the ability to assess the urgency and health care need of the patients matter as well as provide information and self-care advice by telephone. As immigration is increasing in Sweden the calls to primary care from people with different ethnical background are most likely to increase along with it. Difficulties in communication and lack of visual contact might lead to misunderstanding and miscalculation regarding the patients matter. It is important that the district nurse can extract relevant information about the patient in order to assess the health care need.       Aim: The aim of the study was to illuminate the district nurses' experiences of telephone advice nursing in primary care regarding calls with people of different ethnic background. Method: A qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach was used in the study. The data was collected through interviews with seven district nurses. Results: The analysis revealed four themes; A threat to patient safety, Different points of view that collides, A challenge that require resources, Shifting emotions in telephone advice nursing.                                                                                                                                                     Conclusion: This study made it visible that there are difficulties in telephone advice nursing regarding calls with people who have different ethnic background, which could be a threat to patient safety. The result can provide increased awareness to this problem, and that telephone advice nursing to this group of people needs to be improved and adjusted.

     

  • 16.
    Alfredsson, Ellen
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Johansson, Evelina
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av telefonrådgivning: En litteraturöversikt2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Telephone counseling exists worldwide and it’s a easy way for the patient to come in contact with care.  The assessment process is made more difficult because the nurse can’t see the patient, which requires a broad knowledge. Telephone counseling is making it possible for the nurse to perform the nursing work without physically meet the patient. Aim: To describe the nurse's experience of telephone counseling. Method: A literature review based on 11 articles with qualitative approach. Results: Three categories emerged from the analysis; The sense of work, Meeting the patient in the telephone counseling and Doing your own assessments. The categories is supported a total of seven subcategories. Discussion: Nurses experience the work in telephone counseling as stressful, which can affect the caring relationship with the patient. In the assessment over the telephone the nurse ask more questions than at a physical meeting to create an understanding of the patient's life-world. This can lead to a more individualized care for the patient. Conclusion: The nurse feels that the work in telephone counseling is stimulating and rewarding. The caring relationship is crucial to how the nurses feel about their work. The nurse is experiencing some difficulties, one of these is to make decisions and an assessment without seeing patient.                

  • 17.
    Alfredsson, Katarina
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Blom, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Faktorer som påverkar sjuksköterskans bedömning och värdering av patientens smärta i den palliativa vården2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Palliative care is practices in all care institutions in Sweden. With this study we wanted to elucidate factories that influence’s the nurse’s assessment and value of pain to patients who are dying. We wonted to illuminate how important it is that the nurse does a correct assessment of pain because all patients deserve to die with out pain. The aim of the study was to describe factories that influence nurse’s assessment and value of the pain of patients in the palliative care. The method that’s been used was a qualitative literature study. The result showed that the nurse experiences assessment of pain as complicated because of many different reasons, for instance lack of knowledge and difficulties to communicate with certain patients groups. The result also showed that they lacked sufficient knowledge and experience in order to do assessment of pain in a correct way and they were missing of good sense of confidence in their professionals.

  • 18.
    Alfredsson, Malin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Johansson, Amanda
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    I väntan på ett nytt hjärta.2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In Sweden the primary reason for heart transplants is severe heart failure. Heart transplants are performed both at Sahlgrenska University hospital and at Skånes University hospital. Patient undergoing several extensive investigations before he or she will be considered for the waiting list. Primary factor for receiving a heart is first of all the patient who is in the greatest need of a new heart and the patient most suited to receive the donated heart. Previous studies show that patients feel the waiting time to be unpredictable. Aim: To describe patients’ experiences of the time before a heart transplant. Method: Qualitative content analysis was used as the analysis method and seven blogs were applied. Results: Life is seen from a new and different perspective. A common factor for patients with heart failure was the physical limitation they felt. Life stopped for a while, and a waiting to regain “life” grew strong. Family and nursing staff was thought to play an important role. To maintain a positive attitude was thought to be a criterion to manage the anticipations. Conclusion: A patient waiting for a heart transplant experiences a change in their life world. To allow proper care it is important that the nurse recognizes this change and acknowledge it.

  • 19.
    Algar, Natalie
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Skolsköterskors erfarenhet av möten med flickor som har ett självskadebeteende2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Research shows that mental disorders in children and adolescent is increasing, especially when it comes to teenage girls. This may increase anxiety in some girls, which they might handle by developing self-harm behavior. School nurses are able to pay attention to these girls through daily health promotion nursing work.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to describe the school nurse’s experience of meeting girls with self-harm behavior.

    Method: A qualitative method was used in the study and the result was analyzed according to meaning analysis. Six school nurse were interviewed by email interviews.

    Result: The study resulted in three meaning subjects; the girls are noted differently, experience of cooperation and create good relationships.

    Conclusion: The study showed that the school nurses meet girl with self-harm behavior, either through health interviews or by the environment warning that the girls feel bad. The study also shows that school nurses are experiencing frustration when cooperation with external actors such as children and adolescent psychiatry does not work and much of the responsibility is left with the school nurses. The study also showed that cooperation with parents is important when working with these girls. 

  • 20.
    Algerin, Karin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Lundahl, Sofie
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Kvinnors upplevelse av informationen de får efter insjuknandet i hjärtinfarkt, samt vilken information de efterfrågar -En litteraturstudie2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Myocardial infarction is a big health problem in Sweden. Between the years 1987-2004 about 56 000 people have suffered from an acute myocardial infarction. In many studies men have been the main focus. That means that the findings don’t represent women. Women may have different symptoms than men, because of this the women are often diagnosed wrong, and get treatment long after men. The aim of this study is to describe how women experience the information they are given after a Myocardial infarction, and what sort of information they request. A literature review is chosen for this study. Ten articles are analysed, they answered the question formulations and the aim of the study. The result of this study is that women’s needs of information are great and women need individual information. If this is neglected the women’s recovery is prolonged. Information can also be a form of support. Women want to know why this happened and what the illness is going to mean for their lives. When women are informed they feel supported. They can also get support and information from cardiac rehabilitation programmes. Nurses should build a relationship with the patient based on respect and trust.

  • 21.
    Allard, Cecilia
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Ögnelod, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Triage på en akutmottagningen ur sjuksköterskors perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 22.
    Almersved, Karin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Bergmanson, Helena
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Sjuksköterskans omvårdnadsåtgärder för att lindra smärta hos äldre i hemsjukvården: Litteraturöversikt2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Our life expectancy is increasing, we are getting older. In home healthcare nurses meet older people living with pain. Pain that emanates from the muscles, skeletal and joints and prevents the elderly from living a good life. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe what nursing care measures can be used by nurses in home health care to relieve the pain. Method: Literature review was chosen as method. Five qualitative and three quantitative scientific articles were included. Findings: Three main categories emerged: Physical activity, Pharmacological treatment and Cognitive method. From these were discerned nine sub-categories: movement/rest, utilities, heating/cooling, massage, medication, knowledge, communication, continuity, diversion. Conclusion: In nursing pain includes several different parts. A combination of measures are required to alleviate pain. The nurse has an important role in the choice of measures.

  • 23.
    Almquist, Cecilia
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Svensson, Sara
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Långvarig ogiltig frånvaro i gymnasieskolan: Hur upplever gymnasieelever med långvarig ogiltig frånvaro sin skolsituation2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The occurrence of school absenteeism in Sweden is high among high school students. School absenteeism is a complex phenomenon with several causes and can lead to non-approved grades, unemployment, alienation and mental health issues.

    Purpose: The purpose is to describe how high school students with long-term invalid absence experience their school situation.

    Method: A qualitative method was used and the result was analyzed according to meaning analysis. Five informants participated in the study.

    Result: The study resulted in four meaning subjects which described the informants’ experiences: To experience victimization and injustice, to experience familiar and everyday relationship problems, to experience inadequate school adaption and to experience the needs of school improvements/changes.

    Conclusion: The study showed how important it is to adapt school to every unique student, both in an educational way and when it comes to efforts which make the student more involved and respected. School needs to address issues which involve the idea that no student should be exposed to bullying, victimization or harassments. The cause of the school absenteeism is in most cases related to the school activities. Students in this study experience that school has many areas which could be subject to improvements to avoid situations leading to chronic, invalid absenteeism. They don’t associate school with something positive and motivational, but something with a negative impact on their health.

  • 24.
    Almqvist, Maria
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Castillo, Joselyne
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskans sätt att bedöma postoperativ smärta: En litteraturöversikt2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Postoperative pain is still a major problem that is difficult to identify. The extent of uncontrolled pain in patients has not improved noticeably over the last decades. Nurses tend to underestimate the patients pain. The aim of this study was to examine factors influencing nurses’ assessment of postoperative pain. To obtain the aim a literature review was chosen. Search of literature was carried out in the databases: Academic Search Elite, CINAHL, SweMed +. Six articles were analysed according to a five-step- method. The result of the selected articles showed seven factors influencing how nurses assess postoperative pain: communication, experiences and attitudes, nurses knowledge, information and preparation, to interpreting pain, obstacles in pain assessment and following-up the pain assessment. Despite extensive research in this subject, there is a need for the research to continue. It would be favourable to increase the pain education for nurses.

  • 25.
    Almsand, Jessica
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Duell, Sara
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    ”Hinner jag få ett nytt hjärta i tid?”: - Unga kvinnors bloggar kring upplevelser av att vänta på en hjärttransplantation2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The number of performed heart transplants in Sweden is increasing and is now about fifty transplants per year. The primary reason for a heart transplant is severe heart failure. To suffer from heart failure as young is rare and trying. If heart transplantation becomes necessary the patient is placed on a waiting list where the median waiting time is three months. Previous research shows that nurses have an important role in the patient's experience during this time. Aim: The study aims to analyze and describe the experiences of young women facing a heart transplant.  Method: Qualitative content analysis is used as analytical method. Data consists of five blogs published on the Internet. Results: Young women waiting for a heart transplant experience physical limitations in daily life. Relatives, professionals and the environment are important to provide support and act as motivation in the situation. The uncertain waiting is incused by anxiety and fear of their own death. The waiting means that young women will have a new outlook on life. Conclusion: The lifeworld of young women drastically changed awaiting heart transplantation and it´s important for the nurse to recognize this change and frame the care thereafter.

  • 26.
    Almstedt, Ando
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Pettersson, Karolin
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    HIV/AIDS-Patienters upplevelser av stigmatisering och diskriminering från vårdpersonal: - En litteraturöversikt2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: HIV/AIDS (Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) is an epidemic disease, with the highest prevalence in the less developed countries. Earlier studies show that healthcare providers have a negative attitude towards this patient group. The cause of this is believed to be due to ignorance and fear. AIM: The aim of this study was to describe patients with HIV/AIDS and their experiences of stigmatization and discrimination by healthcare providers. METHOD: A literature review, based on an analysis of ten scientific articles is used to answer the aim of the study. RESULT: Two main themes emerge; preconception and contempt and support and the healthcare provider/patient relationship. The result of this studie shows that patients experience contempt from the healthcare providers both verbally and nonverbally. Patients value highly the development of trust in the healthcare provider and feel that this is essential for a good relationship. A good relationship should include respect, understanding, cooperation and honesty. CONCLUSION: The authors draw the conclusion that healthcare providers are fearful of the patients with HIV and also have poor knowledge about the disease. This problem can be solved by a better knowledge and information. If nothing is done to prevent the stigmatization and discrimination against HIV/AIDS-patients the risk of significant health problems will increase.

  • 27.
    Alonso Lavén, Anna
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Sandberg, Kristin
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Ungdomars upplevelse av sex- och samlevnadsundervisning i skolan2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Sexuality education in school reaches out to all adolescents. Good knowledge about sex and relationship issues will strengthen their self-esteem and promote sexual health.

     

    Aim: The aim was to describe adolescents experiences of sexuality education in school.

     

    Method: The study was conducted with a qualitative approach. It is based on interviews with adolescents between 16-19 years old and the material was analyzed by using a qualitative meaning analysis.

     

    Results: The analysis revealed three categories: To experience a comfortable or uncomfortable teaching, the experience of getting needs and expectations satisfied, to experience the topic based on their own level of maturity.

     

    Conclusion:  Adolescents experiences of sexuality education varied depending on the person who was teaching and its approach to the subject. The educator's own feelings about the topic could lead to a sense of embarrassment, insecurity, or inspire greater interest and enjoyment of the subject. The expectations and needs were not satisfied, adolescents missed discussions about feelings, more detailed information about different sexual activities and more detailed information about the opposite sex. Adolescents would prefer to ask questions and show concerns about the subject towards professionals with secrecy, rather than talk openly in front of their classmates.

  • 28.
    Alowersson, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Betydelsen av fysisk aktivitet i egenvården vid diabetes mellitus: En intervjustudie2010Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Diabetes involves a change in life and requires the individual to understand what actions are required, since self-care is an essential part of the treatment. Physical activity is a kind of self-care and it’s important that the individual finds the motivation. The aim of this study is to clarify how people with diabetes experience physical activity in everyday life.

    A qualitiative method was used and data were collected through interviews with people whom have had diabetes for between 3-48 years. They talked about their experiences related to physical activity. The interviews were recorded on a mobile telephone, transcribed and made a manifest content analysis in which the main categories and associated subcategories were created.

    The results indicated that physical activity increased well-being and lead to a continuing urge to exercise. Develop routines that work in everyday life was a prerequisite for the respondents’ well-being and also increased the ability to control blood sugar. Difficulties with motivation could appear when respondents didn’t experience any positive effects from exercising. Physical activity could also lead to a very low blood sugar at night, which was perceived as very unpleasant. The importance of preparation emerged as the most important factor associated with physical activity.

  • 29.
    Alvarado, Nathalie
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Pontèn, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Upplevelsen av den första tiden som nyutexaminerad sjuksköterska: - En intervjustudie2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 30.
    Andersen, Tanja
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Sundesjö, Johanna
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Att främja sömn hos intensivvårdspatienter: En litteraturöversikt2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Sömnen är ett grundläggande behov hos människan och är därför viktig att tillgodose inom sjukvården. Ändå är sömnstörningar ett vanligt problem bland patienter i sjukhusmiljö och särskilt inom intensivvården. Sömnstörningar på en intensivvårdsavdelning orsakas ofta av frekventa omvårdnadsinsatser, behandlingar, sjukdomstillstånd samt högljudd och ovan miljö. Detta kan leda till både psykiska och fysiska konsekvenser så som försämring av immunförsvar, minskad produktion av tillväxthormoner, förlängt sjukdomsförlopp, humörförändringar och upphov av IVA-syndrom. Därför är det viktigt att vårdpersonal får kunskap om hur de bäst arbetar för att främja dessa patienters sömn. Syfte: Syftet med studien är att sammanställa och belysa forskning som beskriver omvårdnadsåtgärder och strategier för att främja sömn hos patienter inom intensivvården. Metod: En litteraturöversikt där 15 kvalitativa och kvantitativa studier analyserades. Resultat: Resultatet redogör för de tre områden som framkom ur dataanalysen och beskriver hur omvårdnadspersonal kan hjälpa patienter inom intensivvård till en bättre sömn. Dessa tre områden var: förändring av personalens arbetssätt genom utbildning, miljöförbättringar samt omvårdnadsåtgärder. Diskussion: Flera effektiva åtgärder finns presenterade i dagens forskning men fortfarande lider intensivvårdspatienter av sömnstörningar vilket gör det angeläget att fortsätta forskningen kring sömnförbättrande åtgärder hos denna patientgrupp.

  • 31.
    Andersson, Amanda
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Aronsson, Aina
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Upplevelser av att leva med bipolär sjukdom: En självbiografisk studie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Bipolar disorder is a chronic disease that entails suffering for the individual. The disease characterized by recurrent manic and depressive episodes. It affects the individual's lifeworld and his or her's health experience. The nurse has a significant role to support these patients.

    Aim: The aim is to describe patients' experiences of living with bipolar disorder.

    Method: A qualitative method was used and was based on six autobiographies analyzed with meaning analysis.

    Results: The results showed five themes. These are: the experience of living in the pitch-black darkness and the clearest light, the experience of shame, the experience of losing control of their life, the experience of fear and the sense of safty and support to reduce loneliness.

    Discussion: People with bipolar disorder experience both health and illness, depending on their current state of disease. The family and society have an impact on how the individual experience their existence. With support from a nurse the person can achieve control of the disease. Their reality is constantly changing and support from a nurse is important.

    Conclusion: People with bipolar disorder experience strong emotions that affect their lives. For people to feel seen and recognized the nurse must show candidness to the individual's unique lifeworld.

  • 32.
    Andersson, Anna
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Gardvik, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Bröstcancer och kvinnlig sexualitet: En litteraturstudie om hur kvinnor upplever att bröstcancer förändrar deras sexualitet och sexuella relation.2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The reason why the authors conducted this study was that breast cancer is one of the most common types of cancer among women. For most women the diagnosis means that the entire or parts of the breast will have to be removed. For most women the breast represents sexuality and femininity. The aim was to describe how female sexuality and sexual relationship change after breast cancer surgery and subsequent treatment. The method was a qualitative litterature review. The study resulted in three main categories: (1) a changed body – a changed sexuality, (2) a changed sexuality – a changed sexual relationship, (3) emotional changes in sexuality, and thirteen subcategories. The result shows that female sexuality changes physically as well as psychically. Most women experience changes in body image, decreased sexual desire and pleasure. Intercourse becomes painful which makes many women withdraw from their partner. Many women experience difficulties in communicating about their changed sexuality with their partner. The result also shows that sometimes health care providers give poor information to women about plausible side effects due to breast cancer surgery and subsequent treatment. Because many women with breast cancer experience sexual problems nurses should give better information about plausible side effects from the treatment and highlight these problems. Nurses should also enable conversations with women regarding their thoughts concerning their changed sexuality.

  • 33.
    Andersson, Annica
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Sjöberg, Emelie
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Att möta och upptäcka elever med suicidtankar- Skolsköterskors upplevelser2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Suicide attempts among adolescents is increasing rapidly. School nurses need to use communication skills that reflect compassion by creating trusting relationships, see and meet the student in their life-world and give hope.

     

    Purpose: To describe the school nurses' experiences of encountering and discovering students with suicidal thoughts.

     

    Method: The study is based on a qualitative meaning analysis where eight school nurses by email wrote stories about their experiences to answer the purpose.

     

    Results: School nurses experiences of discovering students with suicidal thoughts is to have knowledge about the different symptoms that can be displayed by the student. The school nurses experiences of these symptoms where: Destructive behaviours, depressive symptoms, psychosomatic symptoms and problematic home situations. In the meeting with students who have suicidal thoughts, school nurses emphasize the importance of asking about suicidal thoughts, remain, listen and give hope.

     

    Conclusion: School nurses experience many risk factors that leads to that they can better detect and meet students with suicidal thoughts. To identify those risk factors are a big part of the school nurses work. This study results provide a greater knowledge and more experience for health professionals to encounter students with suicidal thoughts.

  • 34.
    Andersson, Catarina
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Hermansson Cederin, Susanne
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Kunskap om och attityder till munhälsa och munvård bland personal inom kommunal vård och omsorg.: En enkätstudie.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 35.
    Andersson, Catarina
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Linda, Thomée
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Hem ljuva hem?: Upplevelsen av att vara närstående till en människa med demenssjukdom boende på särskilt boende2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Caring for a person with dementia in special care facilities requires resources like personnel, facilities and medicine. It takes adequate educated staff with personal qualities to create a long-lasting relationship with relatives and residents. Aim: The aim of this study was to examine the experience of being a relative to a person with dementia living in a nursing home. Method: A literature review was conducted in which ten scientific studies were examined and analyzed according to Friberg (2006). Results: Five themes emerged from the analyses describing relatives’ experiences of nursing home care, activities, surroundings and integrity as well as coping strategies. Conclusions: Personal relations are of outmost importance for the experience of being a relative to a person with dementia living in a nursing home. Education and guiding of staff and relatives might prohibit misunderstandings and may help to avoid conflicts.

  • 36.
    Andersson, Helen
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Hjertaker, Karin
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Upplevelser av att leva med juvenil idiopatisk artrit: En litteraturöversikt2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden 200-250 children and youths are affected with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) every year. JIA is one of the most common causes of short-term and long-term disability and impairment of quality of life during childhood. The entire family is affected when a family member becomes ill. Aim: The aim with this study was to illustrate how a prolonged disease as JIA is experienced by children, youths and their families. Method: The method used was a general literature overview. In total 7 quantitative and 5 qualitative articles. Result: During analysis one main themes were identified. This was experiences of being different. The result showed that the experiences of living with JIA is individual but common for many of the families is a sense of being different. Conclusion: When a child or youth is struck by protracted disease, this also affects family members. The life situation is affected, and also the life situation for parents, brothers and sisters is changed. Every child and youth who is affected by JIA is unique, and has its own reality. As a nurse it is meaningful to see the entire individual, and to involve its family in to the nursing.

  • 37.
    Andersson, Helena
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Lövgren , Daniel
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Husdjur i vården på särskilt boende, personalens uppfattningar2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Former studies show that people living in nursinghomes are often suffering from feelings of depression and loneliness. The staff working at the nursing homes is often occuped with daily chores and the time for social interaction with the residents are limited. This results in feelings of desolations and anxiety. Troughout the centuries, man have always depended on pets as a company and comfort. Studies show that general health improves when interaction with animals occur. The purpose of this study was to describe the staff’s opinion of a pet in nursinghomes and what influence or meaning it may have on the care of the residents. A qualitative interview study was made to examen the purpose of the study. Seven assistant nurses were interviewed. Results show that pets have a positive affect on human beings. They often make people around them feel more joyful and relaxed. The residents in nursing homes, who have experienced a pet living with them at the unit, have showed a calming, positive effect in their behaviour. Dogs and cats are among the most popular animals as a company because of the satisfaction of stroking and its friendly nature. Allergy, fear for some animals and the potential risk for the animal to cause injury to it self or others occurs. The authors acknowledge the need for futher research about animals involved in caregiving.

  • 38.
    Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Leyton, Moa
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Kan sjuksköterskan hjälpa överviktiga barn och deras familjer : En litteraturöversikt2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Övervikt och fetma hos barn ökar dramatiskt framförallt i västvärlden. Barn som blivit överviktiga i tidig ålder har tecken på sjukdom i många organ och har större risk att förbli överviktiga och sjuka som äldre. Fetma hos barn påverkar livskvaliteten. Syfte: Utifrån aktuell forskning undersöka om sjuksköterskan kan hjälpa överviktiga barn och deras familjer. Metod: Uppsatsen är en litteraturöversikt med både kvalitativa och kvantitativa artiklar som främst söktes i databaserna Cinahl och Medline. Data materialet analyserades enligt Fribergs analysförfarande. Fokus lades vid artiklarnas resultat, diskussioner och konklusioner. Resultat: Sjuksköterskans uppgift är att ta upp problem om barns övervikt med föräldrar. Det känsliga ämnet får inte hindra att vården erbjuder hjälp. Sjuksköterskan kan guida familjen med överviktsproblematik och föra en dialog med motiverande samtal för att familjen skall hitta sin egen väg. Sjuksköterskan kan också diskutera strategier och ge förslag på beteendeförändring. Föräldrar spelar en central roll i barns viktnedgång. Att utbilda och uppmuntra föräldrar påverkar indirekt barnet. Diskussion: Det kan vara svårt för sjuksköterskan att ta upp frågan om övervikt, men då hon gör det skall hon börja att prata med föräldrarna. För att familjen skall kunna göra en positiv beteendeförändring behövs det utbildning inom kost och motion.

  • 39.
    Andersson, Jan-Otto
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Prehospital smärtbedömning: En litteraturgenomgång2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Patienter med smärta är det vanligaste problemet sjukvårdspersonalen möter inom akutsjukvården.  Att bemöta patientens smärta är en grundläggande arbetsuppgift för sjuksköterskan inom den prehospitala vården. Vårdaren behöver utföra en professionell bedömning av patientens smärta för att utifrån smärtanalysen göra sitt bästa för att lindra eller förhindra lidande och möjliggöra en upplevelse av förändrad hälsa och välbefinnande.

     

    Syftet var att sammanställa tidigare forskning om prehospital smärtbedömning och beslut om smärtomhändertagande.

     

    Metoden som användes var litteraturöversikt. Ur resultatet framkom två teman och åtta undertema. Huvudteman var; att bedöma patientens smärta och att värdera patientens smärta inför beslut om smärtomhändertagande. Utifrån patientens beskrivning och smärtbedömningen som består av smärtskattning, fysiologiska och fysiska förändringar, värderas patientens smärta i relation till vårdarens egen erfarenhet, patientens beteende, kulturella skillnader och samspelet med patienten. Även hela situationen som tiden, risk för att skada och transporten till sjukhus värderas. Prehospital smärtanalys är en komplex bedömning där vårdaren möter patienter vid många olika situationer med varierande smärttillstånd och problematik. Ambulanspersonalen behöver behärska olika former av smärtskattning och sträva efter att ge bedömningen tid och vara nära patienten. Behovet av forskning inom prehospital smärtbedömning är fortfarande stort.

  • 40.
    Andersson, Jennie
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Andersson, Annelie
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Patienters upplevelser av bemötande från sjuksköterskor på en akutmottagning: En litteraturstudie2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A great deal of the reports which arrives to the patient´s committee is about bad encounters. Patients who seek care at an emergency department should not feel inferior or unsafe because of a bad encounter from the nursing staff. A professional and caring encounter will give power and raise the wellbeing within the patient and that must be offered to the patient. A raised feeling of wellbeing might reduce the sense of bad health. The group of patients this study focuses on is the patients which arrive to the emergency department with a non urgent diagnosis. They often experience a lower rate of good encounters than the patients with an urgent diagnosis. The aim of this study was to highlight what´s important for the patient in the nurse-patient encounter in an emergency department. The search for literature was done in databases. A literaturereview was made from articles and an analysis was made where patient’s similarities and differences in the experience of the encounter sought out. The authors found twelve themes presented in possibilities and difficulties so that the patient will experience that the encounter I satisfying. The result shows that if the nurse’s take some time for the patient and gives them information, treats them as individuals and with respect, the patient feel empowerment to handle the situation. It is of importance for the nurse to understand how the patient experiences the encounter. A good encounter from the nurse can make the patient feel a raised wellbeing and a presence of health. This is a possibility for the patient to gain a feeling of better health.

  • 41.
    Andersson, Jenny
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Franzén, Sara
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    BVC-sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att möta immigrerade familjer2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 42.
    Andersson, Jimmy
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Söderlund, Tina
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Wennerberg, Martina
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Yrkesrelaterad stress inom kommunal hemsjukvård ur ett vårdarperspektiv2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 43.
    Andersson, Johan
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Runsten, Andreas
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskans erfarenheter av mötet med närstående till patienter med hjärtstopp inom den prehospitala sjukvården2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The encounter between the nurse and relatives is of great significance within healthcare treatment, not the least in prehospital emergency care. Nurses within the ambulance services will in complicated situations meet chocked relatives of patients with cardiac arrest. The aim of the study is to describe nurses’ experiences of the encounter with relatives of patients with cardiac arrest within the prehospital emergency care.

    The collection of data was conducted through interviews with eight nurses within the ambulance services. The informants have rendered encounters they’ve had with relatives of patients with cardiac arrest. The interviews were recorded and transcribed. Thereafter a qualitative content analysis was made on the texts, from where three major themes, and a number of sub themes, emerged. The three major themes were “Communicating with relatives”, “Managing relatives’ reactions” and “Acting ethically correct towards relatives”.

    The result shows that the nurse’s way of communicating affects the encounter. Through a convincing and distinct manner the nurse seeks contact with relatives. This makes it possible to convey calmness to the relatives, and help them comprehend the situation. Sometimes though, relatives can project their grief and despair onto the nurse, who may be accused of not having done enough. It was detected, that relatives may be a second priority in a cardiac arrest-situation where there has only arrived one set of ambulance crew. Through experience the chances to reach a good encounter increases.

  • 44.
    Andersson, Josefine
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Karlsson, Johnny
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Hiv-positivas erfarenheter av möten med vårdpersonal i allmänna vården: En intervjustudie2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe HIV-carriers’ experiences of encounters with caregivers in the public health care.

    The result is based on experiences of eight respondents. The participants had lived with HIV from three to twenty-three years. The data was collected by qualitative interviews.

    The results show that HIV-carriers have a low trust of the secrecy in the public health care. They experience resistance in form of long wait and of being denied care and treatment. People with HIV mean that caregivers get scared, distant and avoid physical contact after being told about the HIV-diagnosis. HIV-carriers experience that health care staff waste resources and devote themselves in unnecessary protective measures. They also describe afear of contact with the public health care.

    Positive experiences have by the HIV-positive been described as not being given any special treatment due to their illness. If the medical staff is understanding, open minded and don´t ask strange questions it infuses a sense of security. HIV-carriers appreciate encounters where the information about their blood-borne virus are being received with equanimity and does not trigger any negative reactions.

  • 45.
    Andersson, Kerstin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Uggeldahl, Danijela
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Distriktssköterskors erfarenheter av kommunikation med patienter i palliativ hemsjukvård: -en intervjustudie2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    About 90 000 people die every year in Sweden. Some of them die in their homes. In the community, the district nurse has responsibility for palliative care. This study is based on nine interviews with district nurses working in community home care in three different communities. Its aim is to describe district nurses’ experiences of communication with patients in palliative home care. A comprehensive theme evolved which was named The multifaceted communication could be described on the basis of two categories: The simple communication and The difficult communication. The analysis resulted in following seven subcategories: To be successful in communication, Patients’ acceptance of their situation, To be there for the patients, To communicate with patients when relatives are on the same level, Failure in communication, Patients’ lack of acceptance of their situation and Meeting relatives and people close to the patient when they are not on the same level. As student district nurses and authors, we hope that this study will increase the awareness of how district nurses experience communication in palliative care and thereby increase our knowledge and improve communication between district nurses and patients in palliative care.

  • 46.
    Andersson, Kristin
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Lundblom Bäckström, Maria
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskans möjligheter att hjälpa kvinnor med bröstcancer att hantera fatigue: En Litteraturbaserad studie2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Fatigue is a side effect for women with breast cancer undergoing adjuvant therapy. The nurse can through nursing interventions help these women to manage and reduce side effects of fatigue. The concept of empowerment and the Orem theory of self-help can beviewed as a basis for the nurse in nursing. Purpose: To describe how women with breast cancer during adjuvant treatment, manage and reduce symptom of fatigue with the help of nursing care interventions, founded in the concept of empowerment and self-help. Method: Literature-based study based on twelve qualitative and quantitative articles. Results: The incidence of fatigue remains, but different methods can reduce levels. Exercise and movement can alleviate the degree of fatigue. Musclerelaxation exercises resulted in decreased levels and decreased perception of fatigue. A balanced sleep and reduced stress resulted in positive effects on perceived fatigue. Conclusion: There are several of nursing interventions that are possible to implement both for nurses alone and also with other professions. Together can nurses and their patients determine the degree of fatigue and tailor an individual care plan. Exercise program and group interventions with empowerment as a basis can be used to strengthen and help these women manage fatigue.

  • 47.
    Andersson, Lina
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Svensson, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Det vårdande och icke vårdande mötet med personer som har ett alkoholmissbruk: en litteraturöversikt2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Today, more and more Swedish people are drinking more frequently and in larger quantities. Alcohol abuse is painful for the victim and his family, while being a widespread and costly problem for society. Healthcare professionals are knowledgeable about alcohol and its effects and can therefore play a very important role in the healthcare prevention related to alcohol and substance abuse. AIM: The aim of this study is to describe the care of patients with an alcohol abuse with a special focus on treatment and care relationship. METHOD: A literature review in which nine research articles were analyzed. RESULT: Nurses felt that questions about alcohol consumption were difficult to handle in practice when the questions could be experienced as insulting and bring the patient strong emotions. While patients want to be open about their addiction and, therefore, which they are asked about their alcohol habits. CONCLUSION: To treat and care for people with alcohol abuse can cause special difficulties. The result shows that the balance between the desire to care and to not always believe the patient makes the meeting more difficult. While the health professionals must take the step to dare to ask questions about alcohol consumption.

  • 48.
    Andersson, Linda
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Kvinnors upplevda sexuella hälsa efter bröstcancer: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Over one million women worldwide are diagnosed with breast cancer every year. In Sweden, the disease is estimated to reach over seven thousand. The treatment includes surgery, hormones and cytostatic witch is strenuous and can change the woman’s body image and their sexual health. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe experienced sexual health from resulting symptoms among women with breast cancer treatment. Method: The study is a literature study where 15 articles were summarized in the result. Result: Breast cancer treatment affected the woman's experience of her body as less feminine and less attractive. Difficulties such as dry vaginal mucous membranes, pain during intercourse and decreased sexual desire are other experienced health factors that have been affected. Talking about their sexual health problems with healthcare providers was difficult and they feel that it’s not a priority for health care. Discussion: Communication on sexual health is part of the nurse's task. Information between healthcare providers is missing and the woman considers it difficult to re-address her sexual problems. The woman's experience of being less attractive related to breast reduction considered be created by the ideal women in society. Furthermore, the discuss is about if pain in the vagina is a side effect to treatment or is it the feeling that they must satisfy their partners sexual needs who creates reduced libido and excitement. 

  • 49.
    Andersson, Lisa
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Nilsson, Sara
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Svåra samtal - en del av sjuksköterskans vardag: En intervjustudie2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the daily work of a nurse, talking to patients is part of the nursing care. Communication can be very difficult, and some conversations are harder than others. To make it easier for inexperienced nurses to relate and handle these conversations it’s important to establish what conversations nurses consider difficult and what the most challenging aspects are, and this was the aim of this study. Only a few previous studies describe what nurses consider difficult communication, and none of them focus on what the nurses perceive as the most challenging aspects. A qualitative method was chosen and content analysis was used as an analyze method. The study comprises interviews with six nurses in one hospital in the west of Sweden. The results of the analysis show six main categories which contain six nurses’ descriptions of what they consider to be the most difficult communication. The categories are: communication when the personal chemistry don’t match, hopeful communication when delivering negative notification, communicating with angry patients, sensitive communication, conciliating communication with relatives, and being presence in communication under stress. What all nurses found most challenging was, to be present in the conversation to keep the patients hope and help the patient accept their situation.

  • 50.
    Andersson, Liselotte
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Hillberg, Jenny
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Att leva med en livshotande sjukdom: en studie av självbiografier2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A life-threatening disease is a crisis and a suffering. Previous research are focused on terminally ill patients experiences and shows the importance of open communication, to live a active normal life and that peoples apprehension about death is different. The aim of this study was to describe how it is to live with a life-threatening disease in a every day life, based on autobiographies. The study is based on a qualitative approach and a analysis of six autobiographies. The results is presented in five themes. Each theme is described separately with help from quotation from the autobiographies. The results shows that the experiences of living with a life- threatening disease involves a need to live a every day life as it used to be, to get a increased well-being. It even includes a uncertainty future and a constant anxiety and fear. To have someone to share the experience with, a good support and to feel confidence from nursing staff is important. How peoples life situation are influenced by the life-threatening disease and how important it is that nursing staff confirm patients experience are discussed.

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