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  • 1.
    Andréen, Sofia
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Socialt välbefinnade hos barnmorskor inom förlossnings-/ BB-vård: En tvärsnittsstudie baserad på Job Related Social Well-being Scale2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2.
    Backström, Linus
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience.
    Establishing a biopsychosocial model for conspiracy theory ideation2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to provide the grounds for a biopsychosocial understanding of the underpinnings of conspiracy theorist ideation by studying research articles from different scientific disciplines. Cross-disciplinary concurring results are presented and discussed, as well as some examples of how conspiracy theories have been used during the 20th century. Also discussed is how this is used in political discourse in the populist climate of today, with the rise of radical right-wing movements, the justification of “alternative facts” from higher governmental ranks, and religious fundamentalism, making it a societal issue of possible big magnitude. Neurological similarities was found between religiousness and proneness to conspiracy theory ideation, and the articles concerning neural correlates therefore stem from research on religious individuals due to the lack of neuro-biopsychological research on actual conspiracy theorists. Since conspiracy theory ideation has shown the ability to cause negative consequences it is also advised that governmental agencies and society as a whole revise its stance on populism and the spread of flawed information, in order to maintain an open society. Also presented are a few ideas on how to begin countering the rise of populism.

  • 3.
    Elsweiler, David
    et al.
    University of Regensburg, Germany.
    Schäfer, Hanna
    Technical University of Munich, Germany.
    Ludwig, Bernd
    Technical University of Munich, Germany.
    Torkamaan, Helma
    University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany.
    Said, Alan
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Trattner, Christoph
    University of Bergen, Norway.
    Third international workshop on health recommender systems (HealthRecSys 2018)2018In: RecSys 2018 - 12th ACM Conference on Recommender Systems, Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2018, p. 517-518Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The 3rd International Workshop on Health Recommender Systems was held in conjunction with the 2018 ACM Conference on Recommender Systems in Vancouver, Canada. Following the two prior workshops in 2016 [4] and 2017 [2], the focus of this workshop is to deepen the discussion on health promotion, health care as well as health related methods. This workshop also aims to strengthen the HealthRecSys community, to engage representatives of other health domains into cross-domain collaborations, and to exchange and share infrastructure. 

  • 4.
    Furåker, Carina
    et al.
    Göteborg University.
    Hellström Muhli, Ulla
    University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
    Walldal, Elvi
    Göteborg University.
    Quality of care in relation to a critical pathway from the staff's perspective2004In: Journal of Nursing Management, ISSN 0966-0429, E-ISSN 1365-2834, Vol. 12, no 5, p. 309-316Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Goienetxea Uriarte, Ainhoa
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Ruiz Zúñiga, Enrique
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Urenda Moris, Matías
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Ng, Amos H. C.
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    How can decision makers be supported in the improvement of an emergency department?: A simulation, optimization and data mining approach2017In: Operations Research for Health Care, ISSN 2211-6923, E-ISSN 2211-6931, Vol. 15, p. 102-122Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The improvement of emergency department processes involves the need to take into considerationmultiple variables and objectives in a highly dynamic and unpredictable environment, which makes thedecision-making task extremely challenging. The use of different methodologies and tools to support thedecision-making process is therefore a key issue. This article presents a novel approach in healthcarein which Discrete Event Simulation, Simulation-Based Multi-Objective Optimization and Data Miningtechniques are used in combination. This methodology has been applied for a system improvementanalysis in a Swedish emergency department. As a result of the project, the decision makers were providedwith a range of nearly optimal solutions and design rules which reduce considerably the length of stayand waiting times for emergency department patients. These solutions include the optimal number ofresources and the required level of improvement in key processes. The article presents and discussesthe benefits achieved by applying this methodology, which has proven to be remarkably valuable fordecision-making support, with regard to complex healthcare system design and improvement.

  • 6.
    Hajismail, Tasnim
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Orrenvade, Alva
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av aggressivitet, hot och våld på akutvårdsmottagningar: En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 12 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Aggressiveness, threats and violence in health care is a problem that is increasing in Sweden and all over the world. Nurses who works close to patients have a higher risk of becoming vulnerable, especially in emergency care, because it is one of the most vulnerable activities in healthcare. Being exposed to threats and violence creates insecurity in the nurse's work life and can have consequences for patient safety. Purpose: To illuminate nurses' experiences of aggressiveness, threats and violence in emergency care clinics. Method: A literature study with qualitative method in which eleven scientific articles were examined. Result: The result shows that nurses experience fear and insecurity in their work as a result of previously experienced aggression, threats and violence. A sense of loneliness in the encounter with the problem is also experienced because the work management is not there as support. The nurses consider themselves to be the cause of these behaviors and it causes a feeling of frustration and powerlessness. These experiences result in a majority of the nurses in a normalization of the problem. Conclusion: The study shows that nurses' experiences of aggression, threats and violence affect their workpractices and result in an influenced caring. Thus it should be paid more attention to avoiding its consequences, both at the individual level and at the organizational level.

  • 7.
    Huvila, Isto
    et al.
    Uppsala Univ, Dept ALM, Informat Studies, Sweden.
    Moll, Jonas
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Informat Technol, Sweden.
    Enwald, Heidi
    Univ Oulu, Informat Studies, Finland.
    Hirvonen, Noora
    Univ Oulu, Informat Studies, Finland.
    Åhlfeldt, Rose-Mharie
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Cajander, Åsa
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Informat Technol, Human Comp Interact, Sweden.
    Age-related differences in seeking clarification to understand medical record information2019In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 24, no 1, article id isic1834Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction Patient accessible electronic health records can be used to inform and empower patients. However, their use may require complementary information seeking since they can be difficult to interpret. So far, relatively little is known of the information seeking that takes place in connection to health record use, and especially the way it varies in different age groups. A better understanding of patients' preferences of where and how to find explanatory information provides valuable input for the development of health information provision and counselling services. Method. The analysis is based on the results of a national survey of Swedish individuals (N=1,411) who had used a national patient accessible electronic health record system (Journalen). Analysis. The data were analysed in SPSS 24.0 using Kruskal-Wallis tests for detecting groupwise differences and Jonckheere-Terpstra tests for discovering age-related trends in the data. Findings. Older patients were more likely to use a telephone and younger patients to use socia l contacts to ask for clarification. Generally, older adults born between 1946-1960 appear as passive information seekers. Conclusion. Age gro ups differ in their preferences on how to seek clarification, which underlines the importance of a better understanding of individual differences in delivering not only technically but also intellectually accessible health information. Calling by telephone could be a habit of present older generations whereas, to a degree, searching information online could be a comparable habit of current younger generations.

  • 8.
    Lee, Nigel
    et al.
    School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work, University of Queensland, Australia / Mater Research Institute UQ, Queensland, Australia.
    Jomeen, Julie
    Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Hull, Cottingham, United Kingdom.
    Mårtensson, Lena B.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Emery, Vanessa
    Bradford Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Bradford Royal Infirmary, United Kingdom.
    Kildea, Sue
    School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work, University St Lucia, Australia / Mater Research Institute UQ, Aubigny Place, South Brisbane, Australia / Mater Mothers’ Hospital, Mater Health Services, Australia.
    Knowledge and use of sterile water injections amongst midwives in the United Kingdom: A cross-sectional study2019In: Midwifery, ISSN 0266-6138, E-ISSN 1532-3099, Vol. 68, p. 9-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The use of sterile water injections (SWI) for the relief of pain in labour is popular amongst midwives in countries such as Sweden and Australia. Anecdotal reports suggest the procedure is used less commonly in the United Kingdom (UK) and that a number of barriers to introducing the practice may exist. Objective: The objective of this study was to explore the awareness and use of SWI amongst midwives in the UK. Design: A cross-sectional study using an internet-based questionnaire. Participants: Midwives with Nursing and Midwifery Council Registration and currently practicing. Setting: The questionnaire was distributed via the Royal College of Midwives Facebook page and Twitter account. Invitations to participate were also sent to Heads of Midwifery to distribute to staff. Findings: Three hundred and ninety-eight midwives completed the survey. Eighty-two percent of midwives did not use SWI in practice although 69% would consider learning the procedure. There was considerable variation in techniques amongst midwives that did provide SWI. The lack of available practice guidelines and the advice from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence to not use SWI were cited as the main barriers. Key conclusions: SWI use is uncommon in the UK although midwives are interested in incorporating the procedure into practice. Implications for practice: National guidance on SWI and the lack of information and training is restricting the use of the procedure in practice, despite SWI being widely used in other countries and being effective in the treatment of pain in labour.

  • 9.
    Sigonius, Sandra
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Dorji, Sofia
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Barnmorskors professionella stöd för att främja sexuell hälsa för kvinnor i klimakteriet2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 10.
    Stark Ekman, Diana
    et al.
    University of Skövde, Health and Education. University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Kazemi, Ali
    University of Skövde, Health and Education. University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Kylberg, Elisabeth
    University of Skövde, Health and Education. University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
    Health promotion services2014In: Encyclopedia of human services and diversity / [ed] Linwood H. Cousins, Sage Publications, 2014, p. 632-634Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Stark Ekman, Diana
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Kazemi, Ali
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Kylberg, Elisabeth
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Home and community services2014In: Encyclopedia of Human Services and Diversity / [ed] Linwood H. Cousins, Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 2014, p. 651-653Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Timpka, Toomas
    et al.
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University.
    Jacobsson, Jenny
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University.
    Bickenbach, Jerome
    Department of Philosophy, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON, Canada.
    Finch, Caroline F.
    Australian Centre for Research into Injury in Sport and its Prevention (ACRISP), Federation University Australia, Ballarat, VIC, Australia.
    Ekberg, Joakim
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education.
    Nordenfelt, Lennart
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University.
    What is a Sports Injury?2014In: Sports Medicine, ISSN 0112-1642, E-ISSN 1179-2035, Vol. 44, no 4, p. 423-428Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Current sports injury reporting systems lack a common conceptual basis. We propose a conceptual foundation as a basis for the recording of health problems associated with participation in sports, based on the notion of impairment used by the World Health Organization. We provide definitions of sports impairment concepts to represent the perspectives of health services, the participants in sports and physical exercise themselves, and sports institutions. For each perspective, the duration of the causative event is used as the norm for separating concepts into those denoting impairment conditions sustained instantly and those developing gradually over time. Regarding sports impairment sustained in isolated events, sports injury denotes the loss of bodily function or structure that is the object of observations in clinical examinations; sports trauma is defined as an immediate sensation of pain, discomfort or loss of functioning that is the object of athlete self-evaluations; and sports incapacity is the sidelining of an athlete because of a health evaluation made by a legitimate sports authority that is the object of time loss observations. Correspondingly, sports impairment caused by excessive bouts of physical exercise is denoted as sports disease (overuse syndrome) when observed by health service professionals during clinical examinations, sports illness when observed by the athlete in self-evaluations, and sports sickness when recorded as time loss from sports participation by a sports body representative. We propose a concerted development effort in this area that takes advantage of concurrent ontology management resources and involves the international sporting community in building terminology systems that have broad relevance.

  • 13.
    Toffaha, Ali
    et al.
    Department of General Surgery, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
    El Ansari, Walid
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education. Department of Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar / College of Medicine, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
    Elaiwy, Orwa
    Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
    Obaid, Munzir
    Department of General Surgery, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
    Al-Yahri, Omer
    Department of General Surgery, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
    Abdelazim, Sherif
    Department of General Surgery, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
    First sliding Amyand hernia harbouring appendicular schistosomiasis: Case report2019In: International journal of surgery case reports, ISSN 2210-2612, E-ISSN 2210-2612, Vol. 63, p. 143-146Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Amyand's hernia (AH) is rare, schistosomiasis of the appendix is very uncommon, and both conditions coexisting together is an extremely rare event. Pre-operative diagnosis of each of the two conditions is usually difficult. To the best of our knowledge, the current paper is first to report both these two conditions in coexistence. Presentation of case: A 31-year old man who had no comorbidities was admitted electively as a day case of non-complicated right indirect inguinal hernia. Further history and physical examination were unremarkable. Intraoperatively the patient was found to have right sliding AH with appendicular schistosomiasis (AS). The patient underwent Lichtenstein repair of the hernia with appendectomy. On follow up he was referred to infectious disease clinic, and the post-operative course was uneventful. Conclusions: Intraoperative identification of non-typical hernia sac before its opening should alert the surgeon to the possibility of sliding hernia and the presence of an organ as a part of the sac. Rare causes of appendicular masses like schistosomiasis granuloma should be considered in endemic areas or immigrants from these areas, despite the difficulty of preoperative diagnosis. Management should follow general guidelines of appendectomy, hernia repair and dealing with the associated pathology if present. 

  • 14.
    Venson, José Eduardo
    et al.
    Instituto de Informática, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, Brazil.
    Bevilacqua, Fernando
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre. Universidade Federal da Fronteira Sul, Chapecó, Brazil.
    Berni, Jean
    Animati Computação Aplicada à Saúde, Santa Maria, Brazil.
    Onuki, Fabio
    Medvia Diagnóstico, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
    Maciel, Anderson
    Instituto de Informática, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, Brazil.
    Diagnostic concordance between mobile interfaces and conventional workstations for emergency imaging assessment2018In: International Journal of Medical Informatics, ISSN 1386-5056, E-ISSN 1872-8243, Vol. 113, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction

    Mobile devices and software are now available with sufficient computing power, speed and complexity to allow for real-time interpretation of radiology exams. In this paper, we perform a multivariable user study that investigates concordance of image-based diagnoses provided using mobile devices on the one hand and conventional workstations on the other hand.

    Methods

    We performed a between-subjects task-analysis using CT, MRI and radiography datasets. Moreover, we investigated the adequacy of the screen size, image quality, usability and the availability of the tools necessary for the analysis. Radiologists, members of several teams, participated in the experiment under real work conditions. A total of 64 studies with 93 main diagnoses were analyzed.

    Results

    Our results showed that 56 cases were classified with complete concordance (87.69%), 5 cases with almost complete concordance (7.69%) and 1 case (1.56%) with partial concordance. Only 2 studies presented discordance between the reports (3.07%). The main reason to explain the cause of those disagreements was the lack of multiplanar reconstruction tool in the mobile viewer. Screen size and image quality had no direct impact on the mobile diagnosis process.

    Conclusion

    We concluded that for images from emergency modalities, a mobile interface provides accurate interpretation and swift response, which could benefit patients' healthcare.

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