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  • 1.
    Abdulrazzaq, Sama
    et al.
    Department of Bariatric Surgery/Bariatric Medicine, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar.
    Elhag, Wahiba
    Department of Bariatric Surgery/Bariatric Medicine, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar.
    El Ansari, Walid
    University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences. University of Skövde, Digital Health Research (DHEAR). Department of Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar / College of Medicine, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
    Mohammad, Amjad Salah
    Departments of General Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar.
    Sargsyan, Davit
    Department of Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar / Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, Doha, Qatar.
    Bashah, Moataz
    Department of Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar / Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, Doha, Qatar.
    Is Revisional Gastric Bypass as Effective as Primary Gastric Bypass for Weight Loss and Improvement of Comorbidities?2020In: Obesity Surgery, ISSN 0960-8923, E-ISSN 1708-0428, Vol. 30, p. 1219-1229Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Revisional gastric bypass (R-RYGB) surgery is utilized for the management of inadequate weight loss or weight regain observed after some cases of bariatric surgeries. Data on the mid-term effectiveness of primary gastric bypass (P-RYGB) compared to R-RYGB (e.g., post sleeve gastrectomy or gastric banding) are controversial. Methods: Retrospective chart review of all patients who received P-RYGB and R-RYGB (January 2011 - June 2015) at our center. One hundred and twenty patients who underwent P-RYGB and 34 R-RYGB who completed 18 months follow-up were included. We compared the effectiveness of P-RYGB with R-RYGB by assessing four anthropometric, two glycemic, and four lipid parameters, as well as the control of type 2 diabetes (T2DM), hypertension and dyslipidemia in terms of remission, improvement, persistence, relapse and de novo. The current study also assessed mortality and complications rates. Results: There were no significant differences in the baseline characteristics of patients who received P-RYGB with those who received R-RYGB in terms of age, gender and preoperative BMI. However, at 18 months: a) Patients who received P-RYGB had lower mean weight (P = 0.001) and BMI (P <0.001), reflected by a higher mean delta BMI (P = 0.02), TWL%(P <0.0001) and EWL%(P < 0.0001); b) No differences were observed between the two patients groups in terms of glycemic parameters, lipid profiles, and control of T2DM, hypertension, and dyslipidemia; and, c) No deaths were reported among both patients groups, and complication rates were comparable. Conclusion: Although R-RYGB effectively addressed inadequate weight loss, weight regain and recurrence of comorbidities after restrictive bariatric surgery, R-RYGB resulted in inferior weight loss compared to P-RYGB. There were no significant differences between the two procedures in terms of their clinical control of T2DM, hypertension and dyslipidemia. Both procedures exhibited comparable complication rates. 

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  • 2.
    Al-Yahri, Omer
    et al.
    Department of General Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar.
    Abdelaal, Abdelrahman
    Department of General Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar.
    El Ansari, Walid
    University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences. University of Skövde, Digital Health Research (DHEAR). Department of Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar / College of Medicine, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
    Farghaly, Hanan
    Department of Lab Medicine & Pathology, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar.
    Murshed, Khaled
    Department of Lab Medicine & Pathology, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar.
    Zirie, Mahmoud A.
    Department of Endocrinology, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar.
    Al Hassan, Mohamed S.
    Department of General Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar.
    First ever case report of co-occurrence of hobnail variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma and intrathyroid parathyroid adenoma in the same thyroid lobe2020In: International journal of surgery case reports, ISSN 2210-2612, E-ISSN 2210-2612, Vol. 70, p. 40-52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The hobnail variant of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is rare. Intrathyroid parathyroid adenoma (ITPA) is also rare. Co-ocurrence of PTC and ITPA in the same thyroid lobe is extremely rare. Likewise, primary hyperparathyroidism with such non-medullary thyroid carcinoma is rare. The specific molecular profile of hobnail PTC (HPTC) is different from the classic, poorly differentiated and anaplastic variants and may contribute to its aggressive behavior. HPTC's genetic profile remains unclear. Presentation of case: A 61-year-old woman presented to our endocrine clinic with generalized aches, bone pain, polyuria, and right neck swelling of a few months’ duration. Laboratory findings revealed hypercalcemia and hyperparathyroidism. Ultrasound of the neck showed 4.6 cm complex nodule within the right thyroid lobe. Sestamibi scan suggested parathyroid adenoma in the right thyroid lobe. Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) revealed atypical follicular lesion of undetermined significance. She underwent right lobectomy, which normalized the intraoperative intact parathyroid hormone levels. Final pathology with immunohistochemical stains demonstrated HPTC and IPTA (2 cm each). Next-generation sequencing investigated the mutation spectrum of HPTC and detected BRAFV600E mutation. Conclusions: A parathyroid adenoma should not exclude the diagnosis of thyroid carcinoma. Thyroid evaluation is needed for patients with primary hyperparathyroidism to prevent missing concurrent thyroid cancers. Cytomorphologic features to distinguish thyroid from parathyroid cells on FNA cytology must be considered. Immunohistochemical stains are important. BRAFV600E is the most common mutation in HPTC. This is possibly the first reported case of HPTC and ITPA co-occurring within the same thyroid lobe. Studies that define other molecular abnormalities may be useful as therapeutic targets. © 2020 The Author(s)

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  • 3.
    El Ansari, Walid
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences. University of Skövde, Digital Health Research (DHEAR). Department of Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Qatar / College of Medicine, Qatar University, Qatar.
    El-Ansari, Kareem
    Hamad General Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Qatar.
    Missing Something? Comparisons of Effectiveness and Outcomes of Bariatric Surgery Procedures and Their Preferred Reporting: Refining the Evidence Base.2020In: Obesity Surgery, ISSN 0960-8923, E-ISSN 1708-0428Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Comparisons of effectiveness of bariatric surgery (BS) procedures encompass weight loss, metabolic/clinical outcomes, and improvements or worsening of comorbidities. Post-operative physical activity (PA) and diet influence such outcomes but are frequently not included in comparisons of effectiveness. We assessed the value and necessity of including post-operative PA/diet data when comparing effectiveness of BS. Including post-operative PA/diet data has significant benefits for BS and patients. The paper proposes an explicit preferred reporting system (Preferred REporting of post-operative PHYsical activity and Diet data in comparisons of BS effectiveness: PRE-PHYD Bariatric). Including post-operative PA/diet data could result in more accurate appraisals of effectiveness of BS procedures. This could translate into better 'individualized' BS by achieving a better 'fit' between patient and procedure.

  • 4.
    El Ansari, Walid
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences. University of Skövde, Digital Health Research (DHEAR). Department of Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha 3050, Qatar / College of Medicine, Qatar University, Doha 2713, Qatar .
    El-Menyar, Ayman
    Department of Surgery, Trauma and Vascular Surgery, Clinical Research, Hamad General Hospital, Doha 3050, Qatar / Clinical Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical School, Doha 24144, Qatar.
    Is routine preoperative esophagogastroduodenscopy prior to bariatric surgery mandatory?: Protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis2020In: International Journal of Surgery Protocols, ISSN 2468-3574, Vol. 22, p. 1-5Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Routine preoperative esophagogastroduodenscopy (p-EGD) prior to bariatric surgery (BS) is currently widely undertaken, and hence an important issue with many clinical and financial repercussions. Yet, the true extent of why p-EGD is routinely undertaken for all bariatric patients remains not well understood. Methods and analysis: To address this, we will undertake a systematic review and meta-analysis of routine p-EGD prior to BS from around the world. This protocol describes the methodological approach to be adopted and outlines the search strategies and eligibility criteria that will be employed to identify and select studies, and the way by which data from the selected studies will be extracted for analysis. PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, Scopus, clinicaltrials.gov and Google scholar will be searched from 01 January 2000 to 30 April 2019 for original studies written in English that provided prevalence estimates of the outcomes of routine p-EGD prior to BS. STROBE criteria will assess the methodological quality of the selected studies. The use of fixed or random effects model will depend on the results of statistical tests for heterogeneity. Publication bias will be visually estimated by assessing funnel plots. Pooled estimates will be calculated. This protocol conforms to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines and has been submitted for registration at the PROSPERO International Prospective Register of systematic reviews. No ethical clearance is required for this study. This review will be published in a peer- reviewed journal and will be presented at various national and international conferences. © 2020 The Author(s)

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  • 5.
    Elhag, Wahiba
    et al.
    Department of Bariatric Surgery/Bariatric Medicine, Hamad General Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
    El Ansari, Walid
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education. Department of Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar / College of Medicine, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
    Razaq, Sama
    Department of Bariatric Surgery/Bariatric Medicine, Hamad General Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
    Elsherif, Mohamed
    Department of Bariatric Surgery/Bariatric Medicine, Hamad General Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qata.
    Mustafa, Isra
    Department of Bariatric Surgery/Bariatric Medicine, Hamad General Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qata.
    Lorcaserin vs. Phentermine among non-surgical and surgical obese patients: Anthropometric, glycemic, lipid, safety and cost outcomes2019In: Annals of Medicine and Surgery, ISSN 2049-0801, Vol. 45, p. 75-81Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: To evaluate effectiveness, safety, and costs of Lorcaserin vs. phentermine among obese non–surgical and surgical patients (post bariatric surgery). Methods: This retrospective study retrieved charts of all patients (January 2013–June 2016) who received Lorcaserin or phentermine for 3 months. The study assessed anthropometric, glycemic, and lipid changes, as well as side effects and cost of medications among overweight and obese non-surgical (n = 83) and surgical patients (n = 46). These two patient groups were compared using Chi-square (χ2) and unpaired‘t’ test for qualitative and quantitative variables respectively. Results: At 3 months, among the non-surgical group, Phentermine patients had greater percentage of total weight loss (TWL%) (7.65 ± 8.26 vs. 2.99 ± 3.72%, P = 0.003), and greater BMI reduction (−3.16 ± 3.63 vs. −1.15 ± 1.53 kg/m2, P = 0.003) than Lorcaserin. Within the surgical group, Lorcaserin patients had significantly smaller TWL% (1.86 ± 5.06 vs. 7.62 ± 9.80%, P = 0.012), and smaller BMI reduction (−0.74 ± 1.80 vs. −3.06 ± 4.08 kg/m2, P = 0.012) than Phentermine. Lorcaserin exhibited significant total cholesterol and LDL improvements only among surgical patients with significant weight reduction (≥5% TW). Both medications were not associated with glycemic improvements among non-surgical and surgical groups. Phentermine had slightly more side effects but was less expensive. Conclusions: Among both patient groups, phentermine was more effective in achieving weight loss. Lorcaserin showed dyslipidemia improvements only among surgical patients who achieved significant weight reduction. Anti-obesity medications as part of weight management programs can result in weight loss among non-surgical and surgical patients, or halt weight regain among surgical patients. This is the first study to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of two anti-obesity medications (lorcaserin vs. phentermine) among two distinct obese patient groups, non-surgical and surgical patients. 

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  • 6.
    Haljamäe, Ulla
    et al.
    Department of Transplantation and Liver Surgery, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Nyberg, Gudrun
    Department of Nephrology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Sjöström, Björn
    University of Skövde, Department of Health Sciences. Institute of Health Care Pedagogics, Göteborg University, Sweden.
    Remaining experiences of living kidney donors more than 3 yr after early recipient graft loss2003In: Clinical Transplantation, ISSN 0902-0063, E-ISSN 1399-0012, Vol. 17, no 6, p. 503-510Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Living kidney donor programs, based on willingness among family members and close relatives to donate, have made it possible to perform a satisfactory number of kidney transplantations. Early graft loss in the recipient may occur and it is not known if such an event will result mainly in acute, rather transient, emotional reactions or if long-lasting reactions may be evoked in the living kidney donor. The aim of the present study was to assess and describe the remaining experiences of donors (n = 10) more than 3 yr after early recipient graft loss or death of the recipient. A phenomenographic, interview-based research approach was used. Five different fields or domains were identified: (i) the decision to donate; (ii) the information provided; (iii) care received at the time of donation; (iv) responses at graft failure; and (v) concerns remaining at the time of the interview. All donors expressed that they had volunteered to donate and that no stress had been put on them. The information given prior to and in connection with the donation procedure was deemed insufficient but all donors were satisfied with the medical care provided in connection with the nephrectomy and in the immediate post-operative period. Graft failure was immediately accepted on the intellectual level by nine of 10 donors but still evoked emotional reactions and responses included a wish that continuing contact with the transplant staff had been provided. The present interview-based study shows that it is of importance that the donor is thoroughly informed about all donor as well as recipient-related factors including the potential risk of recipient graft failure. In case of graft failure, or the death of the recipient, the transplant unit staff members should offer contact for discussions of medical matters as well as for psychosocial support. In individual cases it may be necessary to maintain such a supportive contact channel for a prolonged period of time.

  • 7.
    Saafan, Tamer
    et al.
    Department of General Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, 3050, Qatar.
    El Ansari, Walid
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education. Department of Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, 3050, Qatar ; College of Medicine, Qatar University, Doha, 2713, Qatar.
    Al-Yahri, Omer
    Department of General Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, 3050, Qatar.
    Eleter, Ammar
    Department of General Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, 3050, Qatar.
    Eljohary, Hisham
    Department of General Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, 3050, Qatar.
    Alfkey, Rashad
    Department of General Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, 3050, Qatar.
    Hajjar, Mustafa
    Department of General Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, 3050, Qatar.
    Toffaha, Ali
    Department of General Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, 3050, Qatar.
    El Osta, Abdelrahman
    Department of Surgery, AlWakra Hospital, AlWakra, Qatar.
    Assessment of PULP score in predicting 30-day perforated duodenal ulcer morbidity, and comparison of its performance with Boey and ASA, a retrospective study2019In: Annals of Medicine and Surgery, ISSN 2049-0801, Vol. 42, p. 23-28Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: /aim: Scores commonly employed to risk stratify perforated peptic ulcer patients include ASA (American Society of Anesthesiologists), Boey and peptic ulcer perforation score (PULP). However, few studies assessed and compared the accuracy indices of these three scores in predicting post PPU repair 30-day morbidity. We assessed accuracy indices of PULP, and compared them to Boey and ASA in predicting post perforated duodenal (PDU) ulcer repair 30-day morbidity. Methods: Retrospective chart review of all PDU patients (perforated duodenal ulcers only) at the largest two hospitals in Qatar (N = 152). Data included demographic, clinical, laboratory, operative, and post repair 30-day morbidity. Area under the Curve (AUC), sensitivity and specificity were computed for each of the 3 scores. Multivariate logistic regression assessed the accuracy indices of each score. Results: All patients were males (M age 37.41 years). Post PDU repair 30-day morbidity was 10.5% (16 morbidities). Older age, higher ASA (≥3), Boey (≥1) or PULP (≥8) scores, shock on admission and preoperative comorbidities; and conversely, lower hemoglobin and albumin were all positively significantly associated with higher post PDU 30-day morbidity. PULP displayed the largest AUC (72%), and was the only score to significantly predict 30-day morbidity. The current study is the first to report the sensitivity and specificity of these three scores for post PDU repair 30-day morbidity; and first to assess accuracy indices for PULP in predicting post PDU repair 30-day morbidity. Conclusion: PULP score had the largest AUC and was the only score to significantly predict post PDU repair 30-day morbidity. © 2019 The Author(s)

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  • 8.
    Shahid, Fakhar
    et al.
    Department of General Surgery, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
    El Ansari, Walid
    University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences. University of Skövde, Digital Health Research (DHEAR). Department of Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar / College of Medicine, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
    Ben-Gashir, Mohamed
    Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
    Abdelaal, Abdelrahman
    Department of General Surgery, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
    Laparoscopic hydrocelectomy of the canal of Nuck in adult female: Case report and literature review2020In: International journal of surgery case reports, ISSN 2210-2612, E-ISSN 2210-2612, Vol. 66, p. 338-341, article id S2210-2612(19)30674-1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: Among adult females, Hydrocele of Canal of Nuck (HCN) is a very rare condition. The majority of the reported cases of HCN were not conclusively diagnosed until surgery was performed on a suspected inguinal hernia. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of laparoscopically operated HCN in adult female in Middle East and North Africa Region, and the fourth such case worldwide.

    PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 36-year-old female presented with a painful small swelling in the right groin of 3 months duration. The swelling extended to the right labia majora while standing, and disappeared when the patient was in prone position. There was no lymph node enlargement, no other masses in the abdomen, and no swelling in the contralateral side. Ultrasonography was undertaken and the patient was admitted electively for laparoscopic exploration and repair of non-complicated right inguinal hernia. She was known to have dyslipidemia on medications. Further history and physical examination were unremarkable. Intraoperatively it was diagnosed to be right-sided HCN which was excised and repaired by mesh fixation using transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) approach. Her follow up course was unremarkable.

    CONCLUSIONS: This case expands the clinical and intraoperative potential differential diagnosis of adult female groin masses. Surgeons should consider such cases when they observe such swellings intraoperatively. Laparoscopic TAPP approach in such cases is a superior diagnostic and treatment modality.

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  • 9.
    Toffaha, Ali
    et al.
    Department of General Surgery, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
    El Ansari, Walid
    University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education. Department of Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar / College of Medicine, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
    Elaiwy, Orwa
    Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
    Obaid, Munzir
    Department of General Surgery, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
    Al-Yahri, Omer
    Department of General Surgery, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
    Abdelazim, Sherif
    Department of General Surgery, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
    First sliding Amyand hernia harbouring appendicular schistosomiasis: Case report2019In: International journal of surgery case reports, ISSN 2210-2612, E-ISSN 2210-2612, Vol. 63, p. 143-146Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Amyand's hernia (AH) is rare, schistosomiasis of the appendix is very uncommon, and both conditions coexisting together is an extremely rare event. Pre-operative diagnosis of each of the two conditions is usually difficult. To the best of our knowledge, the current paper is first to report both these two conditions in coexistence. Presentation of case: A 31-year old man who had no comorbidities was admitted electively as a day case of non-complicated right indirect inguinal hernia. Further history and physical examination were unremarkable. Intraoperatively the patient was found to have right sliding AH with appendicular schistosomiasis (AS). The patient underwent Lichtenstein repair of the hernia with appendectomy. On follow up he was referred to infectious disease clinic, and the post-operative course was uneventful. Conclusions: Intraoperative identification of non-typical hernia sac before its opening should alert the surgeon to the possibility of sliding hernia and the presence of an organ as a part of the sac. Rare causes of appendicular masses like schistosomiasis granuloma should be considered in endemic areas or immigrants from these areas, despite the difficulty of preoperative diagnosis. Management should follow general guidelines of appendectomy, hernia repair and dealing with the associated pathology if present. 

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  • 10.
    Wennström, Berith
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences. University of Skövde, Digital Health Research (DHEAR). Department of Anaesthesia, Skaraborg Hospital, Skövde, Sweden / Department of Surgery, Skaraborg Hospital, Skövde, Sweden / Research and Development Center, Skaraborg Hospital, Skövde, Sweden.
    Johansson, Anna
    Department of Surgery, Skaraborg Hospital, Skövde, Sweden.
    Kalabic, Sabina
    Department of Surgery, Skaraborg Hospital, Skövde, Sweden.
    E-son Loft, Anna-Lena
    Research and Development Center, Skaraborg Hospital, Skövde, Sweden..
    Skullman, Stefan
    Department of Surgery, Skaraborg Hospital, Skövde, Sweden.
    Bergh, Ingrid
    University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences. University of Skövde, Digital Health Research (DHEAR).
    Patient experience of health and care when undergoing colorectal surgery within the ERAS program2020In: Perioperative Medicine, ISSN 0908-6919, E-ISSN 2047-0525, Vol. 9, article id 15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Several studies show that the enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program reduces complications postoperatively and leads to faster recovery and shorter hospital stays. However, little is known about patients’ self-reported health in an enhanced recovery context. The aim of this study was firstly to describe patient experiences of health within the concept of ERAS after colorectal (CR) surgery during a hospital stay and within 2 weeks of discharge. Secondly, to explore whether the ASA classification/co-morbidity, sex, and surgical method affect the patient’s experience of health.

    Methods

    Data were collected through the ERAS-HEALTH questionnaire, including two open-ended questions, and through telephone interviews postoperatively. Qualitative and quantitative analysis was used. Patients undergoing CR surgery (n = 80) were included from October 2016 to June 2018.

    Results

    The patients had mainly positive experiences of their hospital stay as well as most of them felt comfortable coming home. However, experienced state of health is affected by factors like surgical method and co-morbidity. Improvements were desired concerning information, food/food intake, pain management, and environment. At home, the patients experienced a lack of information about food/food intake and ostomy care. Decreased appetite and difficulties with micturition were also described. The most troublesome symptom was postoperative fatigue (POF). Analysis of the ERAS-HEALTH questionnaire showed that patients with higher co-morbidity and those who underwent open surgery have a significantly worse experience of their health compared with patients who underwent laparoscopy. However, it seems that the surgical method affects postoperative health to a greater extent than co-morbidity.

    Conclusions

    The patients reported many positive aspects and challenges when being cared for within the ERAS program. However, several improvements are needed to satisfy patient wishes regarding their care both in hospital and at home. Laparoscopic surgery affects patient state of health positively in several respects compared with open surgery.

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