his.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
1 - 34 of 34
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    Andreasson, Fredrik
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Bofacher, Emilia
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Hållbart Inköp: En kvalitativ studie av hur svenska möbelföretag tillämpar CSR i sitt inköpsarbete2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Hållbarhet är idag ett aktuellt ämne som har influerat många industrier och logistikstrukturer. Syftet med denna rapport är att studera hur inköpsfunktionen inom möbelbranschen kan bidra till att öka den hållbara utvecklingen inom företag och därmed påverka den hållbara utvecklingen i samhället. Författarna för denna studie har studerat hur hållbarhetsarbetet ser ut hos fyra svenska möbelföretag samt hur deras kortsiktiga- och långsiktiga mål ser ut. Arbetet med hållbart inköp gynnar flera parter i en försörjningskedja och i samhället. Litteraturen som har använts visar på att det hållbara arbetet oftast brister hos leverantörerna på fabrikerna. Många fabriker finns i länder som är klassificerade som högriskländer, vilket innebär att de inte förhåller sig till exempelvis rättvisa arbetsvillkor eller löner. I de fallen behöver företag interagera leverantörerna i sitt CSR-arbete, utöver sitt interna hållbarhetsarbete, vilket innefattar ett ekonomiskt, miljömässigt och socialt ansvarstagande. Genom att arbeta med CSR-aspekterna kopplat till inköpsarbetet, kan företag uppnå ett hållbart inköp. Författarna för denna studie har analyserat vilka svårigheter som finns i hållbarhetsarbetet och har på så sätt kunnat redogöra för eventuella förbättringsåtgärder. Den teoretiska referensramen lyfter fram teorier som har kunnat användas som riktlinjer för utvecklingsarbetet för hållbart inköp. Det empiriska materialet sammanställer hur företagens inköpsstrategier ser ut för det ekonomiska, miljömässiga och det sociala arbetet idag. Många av de studerade företagen förhåller sig till teorin, även om de har potential att arbeta med teorierna i större utsträckning. Resultatet av denna studie är att det föreligger en gemensam svårighet för de studerade företagen, vilket är att integrera leverantörer och underleverantörer i CSR-arbetet för att uppnå ett hållbart inköp. Eftersom det exempelvis förekommer kulturella skillnader och lagstiftningar, kan det vara svårt att påverka leverantörerna. Därför ingår en del av företagen i samarbete med externa parter som granskar att leverantörerna förhåller sig till företagens krav och till de globala riktlinjerna. Genom att utöva inflytande på leverantörernas arbete och få dem att förstå hur kedjan tillsamman kan bidra till ett hållbart klimat, kan de skapa ett närmare samarbete för att företaget ska uppnå ett hållbart inköp.

  • 2.
    Cholat, Nils
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Vall, Ludvig
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Citylogistik: med fokus på urbana konsolideringscenter2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In line with a constant and increasing urbanization, higher requirements are placed on the logistical flows in and out of urban areas. This entails, among other things, increased congestion and negative environmental impact due to the increased amount of transport. The management of logistical activities in urban areas has been gathered under the concept of city logistics. The idea of city logistics is to see the involved stakeholders as units in a larger logistic system. The logistics system has the task of streamlining and reducing the number of transports, which can be achieved through urban consolidation centers (UCC).

    The purpose of the study is to identify different aspects from the stakeholders' perspective, which argues for or against the introduction of a UCC. The study is intended to be directed at authorities whose interest is to introduce a UCC.

    The study’s issue focuses on developing advantages and disadvantages that arise for the relevant stakeholders in the city logistics when introducing a UCC terminal. To answer this issue and fulfill the purpose, interviews have been conducted with people related to UCC projects. The interviews are then supplemented with information from documents linked to these projects.

    The result shows that UCC is a city logistics solution that often requires compromises from the different stakeholders to achieve a common goal. This means that stakeholders often experience both advantages and disadvantages in connection with the implementation of a UCC. The stakeholder’s advantages and disadvantages should also be carefully weighed against each other, as an advantage for a stakeholder can be interpreted as a disadvantage for another.

     

  • 3.
    Dahlberg, Erik
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Fohlén, Weronica
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Hållbarhetsutvärdering - LCSA Analys: av trucksystem inom intern materialhantering2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The amount of organizations that choose to work with sustainability is increasing due to the potential competitiveness it causes. Working with sustainability may include sustainability evaluations, which can be done through the LCSA analysis method. The purpose of this report is to evaluate and analyze a manufacturing company's current climate impact due to carbon dioxide equivalent emissions from diesel-powered forklifts within internal material handling. Further, the report aims to illustrate how a sustainability evaluation can be conducted to identify ecological, economic and social impact. In the report, a sustainability evaluation of forklift systems is performed to identify the theoretically best alternative, compared to a case company's current situation. The method used for the sustainability evaluation is LCSA analysis. In addition to the results of the sustainability evaluation, the interface between theoretically and practically best forklift system alternatives is considered.  The case company Volvo GTO in Skövde, currently have 18 diesel-powered forklifts, which have different capacities and functions. The current fuel for all forklifts is Diesel Mk1. The flows today generally set high demands on the forklifts technical capacity, for example on, travel speed, climbing ability, traction force and lifting and lowering speed. In the year 2017, the 18 diesel-powered forklifts contributed with a climate impact of approximately 237 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalents, considering the entire life cycle of Diesel Mk1 and the forklift fleets total run time.  Regarding the sustainability evaluation LCSA analysis, it is performed on forklift systems powered by Diesel Mk1, HVO-Diesel, lead acid batteries and lithium-ion batteries within the capacities 3.5, 5 and 8-tonne. The analysis considers the three pillars of sustainability. Further, the technical specifications of the forklift systems are considered and compared with the current diesel-powered fleet. Generally, a lower technical capacity can be seen in the electric forklift systems, which may affect the ability to implement those at the case company. Theoretically lowest ecological and social impact can be seen within the lithium-ion battery-powered forklift systems, the lowest impact on the economic pillar is seen in the lead acid battery systems. Based on the case company's current flows and demands, the authors recommend HVO-Diesel-powered forklift systems, as they have the same technical capabilities as well as lower ecological and social impacts. Limitations has been set for the reports analyzes, regarding process boundaries and impact indicators. For future sustainability evaluations, the authors recommend that wider process boundaries and more impact indicators are applied to identify the total impact within the pillars of sustainability. The report comprehends examples of impact beyond selected process boundaries, such as emissions affecting over time or exploitation. During the progress of this report, information gaps have been discovered in different areas. Regarding research of sustainability evaluations, proven methods are lacking. Therefore, established methods for evaluation are desired. A gap in research of forklift theory has also been noted.

  • 4.
    Eriksson, Malin
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Kundorderstyrd tillverkning – Påverkande faktorer, förutsättningar och problem: En övergripande studie om hur små och medelstora företag flyttar kundorderpunkten och går mot mer kundanpassning.2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study presents a holistic view of which factors small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) have to consider, in moving their customer order decoupling point (CODP) further from the customer, thereby becoming more customized. The study also investigate whether SMEs and larger enterprises differ in the strategic questions relating to what influences an enterprise to become more customized, which prerequisites are required and which problems enterprises should anticipate and prepare for. These questions are important, given that strategic change is challenging, and can take considerable time to accomplish; it therefore needs to be based on the right decisions. This study is motivated by the fact that the markets SMEs are selling to tend to become more and more complex and harder to anticipate. Increased globalisation and use of IT and ICT have lead to greater uncertainty in customer demand. At the same time customers have ever more demanding needs and specifications; if these are not met, they will go elsewhere rather than reducing or adapting them. This complexity requires a more customized production and is a way to gain commercial advantages.    

     

    Customised production includes many benefits such as reduced uncertainty, by producing totally customized products less capital bound is tied up. But meanwhile many challenges such as reduced production efficiency, furthermore flexibility must be increased and higher demands on communications and IT systems are often necessary. The study starts with a wide and thorough theoretical overhaul around the movement of the CODP, but also addresses other parts of the organization to get the all-important big picture. This theoretical work is leading to a work-model which is used in six interviews within SMEs. In order to get a thorough picture, the enterprises that take part in the study are from different line of business and have from 18 to 235 employees. During these interviews, conducted on a single occasion per company, the model and related questions are discussed. Thereby an analysis of the interviews and the theory is done, with the model as the starting-point.

     

    The result of this study is a basic model, which SMEs can use as an analytical tool, and a checklist, to facilitate a move towards a make-to-order manufacturing strategy, thereby gaining more flexibility. The study provides a basic generic framework which can be adapted and tailored by the company in question to see which parts are relevant to specific circumstances. 

  • 5.
    Fredriksson, Stina
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Helm, Olivia
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Skapa förutsättningar för closed-loop supply chain: För detaljhandelsföretag i modebranschen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Due to the enormous consumption of textiles and clothing that takes place in some parts of the world, a changed approach is needed to handle the textiles and clothing that are purchased both during and after use. The companies that design, manufacture and sell the products also have a big impact. In order to reduce the use of finite resources, a strategy that changes today's linear flows into a closed cycle, where resources are recycled, a so-called Closed-loop supply chain, is required. The purpose of the study is to investigate how four Swedish retailers in the fashion industry work with Closed-loop supply chain and the possibilities and challenges with the concept. The purpose is also to find out how companies work with recycling and sustainability that are relevant parts of a functioning circular flow

    Implementation

    The theoretical reference framework describes the Closed-loop supply chain concept and the components that are included; forward and reverse supply chain. It also takes up seven process steps that must be handled to create a Closed-loop supply chain for clothes and textiles.To investigate how the four Swedish retail companies in the fashion industry work to achieve a circular flow, a profound review of the respective company's sustainability reports has been made. In the empirical section, apart from the four Swedish retail companies, there are also a number of organizations that in one way or another work to allow circular flow in the textile and fashion industry. In order to get a reflection of consumers' awareness and attitude towards recycling opportunities, a survey was also conducted.

    Results

    In order to create the right conditions for a Closed-loop supply chain, it is necessary to adapt both the forward and the reverse supply chain. The forward supply chain requires that the garments are designed to be easily recycled and that they are handled by the consumer in a sustainable way. The reverse supply chain primarily requires that the clothes are collected. Furthermore, the collected clothes are forwarded for sorting and then a decision of the garments reuse options has to be taken. Finally, the product is redistributed either back into any process in the forward supply chain or sold in a secondary market. From the information obtained from the sustainability reports and other information gathering, it has been found that retail companies have a long way to go until a Closed-loop supply chain operates to 100%.

  • 6.
    Friberg, Adam
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. adamfriberg93@gmail.com.
    Komayesh, Daniel
    University of Skövde, School of Business. danielkomayesh@hotmail.com.
    Gröna leverantörsval: Hur kan företag gå tillväga för att inkludera miljöcertifiering, utsläpp av koldioxidekvivalenter och återvinningsgrad som kriterier vid val samt utvärdering av leverantörer?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyze companies’ implementation of environmental responsibility regarding supplier selection as well as supplier evaluation. The objective of this paper is to provide a description of which criteria are most commonly used in supplier selection and evaluation, as well as which evaluation criteria companies could include to achieve green supplier selection.

    To fulfill the purpose of this paper we have done a literature study as well as an interview study. The motive of these studies is based on purchasing’s and procurement’s increasing responsibility regarding environmental impact. The supplier selection process has in many cases a huge impact on a supply chain’s environmental performance. This results in a necessity for companies and organizations to achieve a balance between economic and environmental aspects when it comes to supplier selection and evaluation.

    The most commonly used criteria in supplier selection and evaluation consists of quality, delivery performance and price/cost. In addition, there is also a lot of different environmental criteria that companies could take into consideration to achieve green supplier selection. For example, these green criteria may consist of environmental certification, carbon dioxide emissions and recycling.

    By analyzing the literature study as well as the empirical study similarities and differences have been discovered. The discovered similarities and differences is mainly based on how companies include environmental aspects in supplier selection and evaluation, compared to how green supplier selection theoretically is described. A general conclusion based on the analysis in this paper indicates that a great improvement is necessary regarding the implementation of environmental criteria in supplier selection and evaluation.

  • 7.
    Frisk, Mikael
    et al.
    Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology (IFM), Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Jonsson, Annie
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience. University of Skövde, The Systems Biology Research Centre.
    Sellman, Stefan
    Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology (IFM), Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Flisberg, Patrik
    The Forestry Research Institute of Sweden, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Rönnqvist, Mikael
    Département de génie mécanique, Université Laval, Québec, Canada.
    Wennergren, Uno
    Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology (IFM), Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Route optimization as an instrument to improve animal welfare and economics in pre-slaughter logistics2018In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 13, no 3, article id e0193223Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Each year, more than three million animals are transported from farms to abattoirs in Sweden. Animal transport is related to economic and environmental costs and a negative impact on animal welfare. Time and the number of pick-up stops between farms and abattoirs are two key parameters for animal welfare. Both are highly dependent on efficient and qualitative transportation planning, which may be difficult if done manually. We have examined the benefits of using route optimization in cattle transportation planning. To simulate the effects of various planning time windows and transportation time regulations and number of pick-up stops along each route, we have used data that represent one year of cattle transport. Our optimization model is a development of a model used in forestry transport that solves a general pick-up and delivery vehicle routing problem. The objective is to minimize transportation costs. We have shown that the length of the planning time window has a significant impact on the animal transport time, the total driving time and the total distance driven; these parameters that will not only affect animal welfare but also affect the economy and environment in the pre-slaughter logistic chain. In addition, we have shown that changes in animal transportation regulations, such as minimizing the number of allowed pick-up stops on each route or minimizing animal transportation time, will have positive effects on animal welfare measured in transportation hours and number of pick-up stops. However, this leads to an increase in working time and driven distances, leading to higher transportation costs for the transport and negative environmental impact.

  • 8.
    Greijer, Jonna
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Sillrén, Frida
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Samarbeten vid outsourcing av logistiska funktioner: En kvalitativ intervjustudie av samarbeten inom svenska företag som outsourcar sin distribution2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Within companies, a variety of logistic activities take place. This may include purchasing raw materials, production, material handling, warehousing or distribution of goods to customers. Producing companies must take a stand on several different alternative logistics solutions to carry out these activities. One of the options that companies can use is outsourcing. Companies can, in addition to carrying out activities within the company, also choose to take the decision to outsource, which means that some of their activities are transferred to external parties who are assigned a certain responsibility. Outsourcing can take place in varying degrees and be designed in different ways. When a company chooses to outsource one or more logistics functions, a partnership arises between the company that is outsourcing and the company that offers the service.

    The purpose of the report is to develop a deeper understanding of how the collaboration can look between a producing company that outsources parts of its distribution and the company that offers the service. The intention of the study is to make a comparison between what the literature and what Swedish companies indicate and then conduct an analysis. The interview study conducted will show how collaboration is formed between the interviewed companies and their outsourcing suppliers in order to be able to describe what types of collaborations can be designed in these types of outsourcing relationships.

    The result of the report indicates that companies that outsource base their choice of supplier on financial stability, that the supplier has the right equipment and capacity, special knowledge of the goods that will be distributed, sustainability, cost, quality requirements (delivery reliability) and the reputation of the supplier.

    The most common cooperation is that of arm's length distance/ cost stage. There are also collaborations in the form of partnerships at the basic level and the semi-developed partnership/ resource stage. There is also a fully developed partnership/ partnership stage, the joint ventures/ partnership stage and vertical integration, but these cannot be achieved when outsourcing only transport and/or warehouse functions.

    Factors that enables a successful collaboration are clearly designed contracts, clear and open communication, building partnerships, clear measures, and continuous evaluation of vendor performance.

  • 9.
    Hasic, Sanna
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. sannahas@outlook.com.
    Petio, Daniel
    University of Skövde, School of Business. daniel_petio@hotmail.com.
    Drönar-redo eller drönar-framtid?: En undersökning av möjligheten att inventera med drönare i lager2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this report has been to investigate the possibilities of automating the inventory process with the help of drones as well as investigating how this can make the inventory process more efficient. Furthermore, the report will highlight the specifications that a drone would have to meet in order for this to be possible at all, as well as investigate how this could lead to a more effective inventory process and minimizing the risk of accidents that occurs during the inventory process. The structure of the report consists of different specifications that are presented where the authors selected requirement specifications which are considered most suitable based on the chosen theory and empirical studies. In order to answer the purpose of this assignment, there were a few questions that needed some research in order to find relevant answers where four companies were interviewed. With these questions, we would be able to get an idea of ​​how the inventory process looked at different companies and what difficulties they experienced in the processes. All the interviewed companies often experienced common problems in their inventory processes and told the authors that an automated solution was something to be expected in the near future. Furthermore, they considered that the inventory process was time-consuming and a non-value-creating activity where one could put the resources elsewhere if there was a drone able to perform the expected work because of, despite the fact that the inventory was considered to be non-value-creating, it is still an activity that must be performed since it is a legal requirement, but also to maintain a high level of service and good delivery ability. Furthermore, a plan for how the drone should work is presented and how it possibly would make the inventory process more effective and minimize the risk of accidents that can occur on goods and staff. The authors believe that the technology for achieving this is available, but it is more about using the technology and designing the warehouse to make this as optimal as possible. Furthermore, the authors believe that it will take time until it can be fully automated and will initially, have to be supplemented with support from the human factor.

  • 10.
    Helgesson, Evelina
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Effektivisering av material- och lagerhantering: En fallstudie på CG Lindhs AB2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett tillverkande företag behöver ständigt arbeta med att eliminera de aktiviteter som inte skapar värde för verksamheten, det vill säga de aktiviteter som kund inte är beredd att betala för. Det är således viktigt för tillverkande företag att eliminera dessa aktiviteter för att ha möjlighet att konkurrera på marknaden. Materialhantering är en aktivitet som är extra resurskrävande men som inte skapar något extra värde för kund, detta då de flesta aktiviteter som sker på verkstadsgolvet, det vill säga även materialhantering, mestadels går åt till att leta, hämta, vänta samt lossa och lasta material. Med andra ord är materialhantering en av företagets mest omfattande flaskhalsar. Syftet med denna studie är att öka förståelsen för vad slöserier har för påverkan på material- samt lagerhanteringen i en producerande verksamhet, för att sedan ge förbättringsförslag på hur denna process kan effektiviseras. Studien är utförd på företaget CG Lindhs AB som utför producering av gardinstänger, gardinskenor och invändigt solskydd och företaget är beläget i Alingsås kommun. För att uppnå syftet med studien utfördes en processkartläggning som granskade flödena i fabriken. Dessutom gjordes en granskning över Lindhs produktionsupplägg som sedan tillsammans med processkartläggning användes som grund för en analys. Med hjälp av analysen kunde ett par slöserier identifieras. De identifierade slöserierna går, i största mån, att koppla till den bristande strategi som råder gällande produktionsupplägget samt saknaden av ett system som styr vart nytt inlevererat material ska placeras. Efter det att analysen var genomförd startade arbetet med att ta fram förbättringsförslag som skulle möjliggöra en reducering av de identifierade slöserierna. Avslutningsvis presenteras de förbättringsförslag som tagits fram samt en diskussion kring förslagen och framtida forskning inom området.

  • 11.
    Hilletofth, Per
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Lättilä, Lauri
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland.
    Agent based decision support in the supply chain context2011In: Proceedings of the 3rd Rapid Modeling Conference, Leuven, Belgium, 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Hilletofth, Per
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Lättilä, Lauri
    Ujvari, Sandor
    Hilmola, Olli-Pekka
    Agent-based decision support in maintenance service operations2009In: Proceedings of the 16th International Annual EurOMA Conference, Göteborg, Sweden, 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Huertas, Ana
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre. Volvo Cars Corporation.
    Decision support system for feeding policy selection in production settings: Research proposal2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Competitiveness is highly important in automotive industry. Customers’ satisfaction is decisive and that has turned out in high vehicle customization. Customization implies for example that a vehicle model can include several types of engines; inferring in high engine model variety on the assembly systems. Production lines balancing and ergonomic factors within assembly operations usually trigger unbalances on the logistics resources utilization. A proper feeding policy selection can palliate the impact of the unbalances generated by the assembly operations, improve the performance of the system and reduce cost. Selection among different policies is often done by following qualitative criteria which are influenced by product structure, operational constraints, company-specific practices and tradition. This project consists of the development of a decision support system for feeding policy selection in production settings. This system will automatically select the feeding policy at a single component level and evaluate the impact brought by this decision when interacting with the production setting. 

  • 14.
    Håkansson, Nina
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience. University of Skövde, The Systems Biology Research Centre.
    Flisberg, P.
    Forestry Research Institute of Sweden, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Algers, B.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Skara, Sweden.
    Jonsson, Annie
    University of Skövde, School of Bioscience. University of Skövde, The Systems Biology Research Centre.
    Rönnqvist, M.
    Forestry Research Institute of Sweden, Uppsala, Sweden / University Laval, Quebec City, Canada.
    Wennergren, U.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Linköping, Sweden.
    Improvement of animal welfare by strategic analysis and logistic optimisation of animal slaughter transportation2016In: Animal Welfare, ISSN 0962-7286, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 255-263Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The transportation of animals to slaughterhouses is a major welfare concern. The number of slaughterhouses has decreased over time in Europe due to centralisation. This is expected to increase transport time for animals and as a consequence negatively affect animal welfare. We propose an optimisation model based on a facility location model to perform strategic analysis to improve transportation logistics. The model is tested on the Swedish slaughter transport system. We show that, by strategic planning and redirection of transports while keeping the slaughterhouse capacities as of the originaldata, the potential exists to reduce transport distance by 25% for pigs and 40% for cattle. Furthermore, we demonstrated that approximately 50% of Swedish slaughterhouses can be shut down with a minimal effect on total transport distances. This implies that in terms of the overall welfare picture, the decision of which animals to send where plays a for more significant role than the number of slaughterhouses. In addition, by changing relative weights on distances in the optimisation function the amount of individualtransports with longjourney times can be decreased. We also show results from altered slaughterhouse capacity and geographical location of slaughterhouses. This is the first time an entire country has been analysed in great detail with respect to the location, capacity and number of slaughterhouses. The focus is mainly on the analysis of unique and detailed information of actual animal transports in Sweden and a demonstration of the potential impact redirection of the transports and/ or altering of slaughterhouses can have on animal welfare.

  • 15. Jäger, K
    et al.
    Ujvari, Sandor
    Hermansson, A
    Hilletofth, Per
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Logistics actors - Key issues for a service developer2008In: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing, Skövde, Sweden, 2008, p. 1329-1336Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Kamal, Omar
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Hållbar citylogistik: Hur kan en omlastningscentral bidra till hållbar citylogistik och vilka hinder finns det?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    När Sveriges befolkning ökar så växer städer och då stiger behovet av transporter för t.ex. livsmedel och kläder. Detta leder då till att städerna får en ökad press på att tillhandahålla väl fungerande vägar och lokaltrafik för att en god och ett effektivt godsdistributionssystem ska uppnås. Då detta har en viktig roll för konkurrenskraften i ett stadsområde har arbetet med citylogistik blivit en viktig del av stadsplaneringen med syfte att bättra på städernas trafikmiljö. Med hjälp av en omlastningscentral (UCC) skulle man kunna effektivisera och optimera transporterna.

    Syftet och frågeställningen med denna rapport är att ta reda på hur en omlastningscentral bidrar till en hållbar citylogistik och vilka hinder det finns.

    Den teoretiska referensramen har utformats med teorier kopplade till citylogistik som t.ex. hållbarhet och JIT men även viktig information och teorier om omlastningscentraler som har hjälpt mig att svara på rapportens frågeställning. Då detta är en kvalitativ studie så gjordes det intervjuer med två högtuppsatta personer som jobbade i olika centraler. Med empiri insamlingen så kunde jag göra en analys på hur verkligheten speglade teorin i referensramen. I analysen analyserades hållbarhet principen som bygger på tre hörnstenar, social hållbarhet, miljömässigt hållbarhet och ekonomisk hållbarhet. För att utmana och bidra till en hållbar utveckling av citylogistiken så analyserades även en så kallade lösningsmix, den består av logistik, teknologi och politiskt engagemang.

    I slutsatsen av rapporten blev det tydligt hur social, ekonomiskt och miljömässighållbarhet är beroende av varandra för att kunna bidra till en hållbar citylogistik. Dock utmaningen för en hållbar utveckling är logistiken, teknologin och politiken, dessa är avgörande för en hållbar citylogistik. Ekonomin visade sig ha en stor betydelse hos en omlastningscentrals överlevnad och ses som ett hinder för ett miljötänk hos en omlastningscentral

  • 17.
    Lindqvist, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Från Asien via Borås: Hur importföretag i Sverige kan minska lagerhållna volymer samt genomflöde i sina centrallager2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this report was to study the imports of goods from Asia to Sweden, and to present improvements on how companies in the textile industry can reduce their inventory volumes and goods flow in their central warehouse. The study has been done with a little help from a textile company in Borås, which manufactures and imports all their products from Asia. The textile company wants to be anonymous, therefore the author of this report has chosen to entitle it as Company X. Company X has a turnover of approximately 500 million SEK, and they currently interlining all their goods in their central warehouse in Borås. Parts of the goods are already earmarked for specific retailers, therefore the author has chosen to concentrate on these flows only, to delimit the work a bit. In other words, the purpose of the report is to provide different scenarios that show how the goods can be delivered directly to their retailers, without having to take the route through Borås.In order to find the pros and cons of the different scenarios, a literature study was initially made to create a solid information base. Then several visits at Company X and semi structured interviews were conducted with different stakeholders in the supply chain. There were several respondents from different companies and positions, all to make the results of the study as beneficial as possible for all involved.The analysis shows three different scenarios, based on Company X's prerequisites and work delimitations, which all contributes to a reduce of Company X stored volumes and goods flow in its central warehouse.Scenario 1: The retailer takes over the responsibility of the goods already in a hub in Asia. The goods are sorted out to respective retailer already in the factory or in a hub/terminal in Asia, before the retailer meets up and take over the responsibility of the goods at the hub. Then it is up to the retailer how they want to ship the goods from Asia to Sweden, and at that time Company X releases all the responsibility. This scenario means that the supply chain is short and cost-focused, and Company X will be able to reduce their costs that arise from shipping the goods.Scenario 2: The retailer takes over the responsibility for the goods at a terminal/hub in Gothenburg. Before that, the goods have been cross-docked (sorted out to respective retailers) either in a hub/terminal in Asia or in the terminal/hub in Gothenburg. From the hub in Gothenburg it is the retailer’s responsibility to handle the freight to their own warehouse.Scenario 3: Is equivalent to what it looks like for Company X today, where the retailer takes over the responsibility for the goods when it arrives at their own warehouse. The difference is that the goods do not pass at the central warehouse in Borås. Instead, the goods are cross-docked in a hub in Asia, alternatively in a hub in Gothenburg, before it delivers to the retailers.The author of this report believes that Company X must do a deeper investigation before a scenario may be implemented, as the author of the report did not have access to all purchase- and sales data.viiOne conclusion that has been drawn is that scenario 3 should be most favourable to Company X both at the present and at a long term. They retain the maximum control of delivery, which means that information about price and manufacturing does not end up in wrong hands, which could lead to a loss of customer and new stong competitors.

  • 18.
    Ljungqvist, Alexandra
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Larsson, Natalie
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Vad kostar din soffa?: En studie på hur hållbara inköpsprocesser kan utvecklas inom möbelbranschen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagsläget är det inte helt självklart hur hållbara inköpsprocesser skulle kunna utformas och implementeras i företag. Att utveckla hållbara inköpsprocesser är dock viktigt för att öka det sociala samt miljömässiga ansvarstagandet. Detta för att undvika att materialanskaffning, och därmed framställning av möbler, får en negativ påverkan på människan och miljön. 

     Denna studie syftar till att besvara hur hållbara inköpsprocesser skulle kunna utvecklas inom möbelbranschen med avseende på socialt och miljömässigt ansvarstagande för att bidra till en hållbar konsumtion och produktion av möbler. Tre intervjustudier har genomförts med tre olika möbelföretag i syfte att exemplifiera hur hållbara inköpsprocesser skulle kunna utvecklas med hjälp av litteratur. Litteraturstudien har baserats på vetenskapliga artiklar, böcker samt Internetkällor och ligger till grund för de modeller och teorier som är till för att uppfylla studiens syfte.   

     Studiens resultat visar på olika steg som kan implementeras i den traditionella inköpsprocessen för att öka det sociala samt miljömässiga ansvarstagandet i samband med materialanskaffning. Resultatet visar även på i vilken omfattning de olika stegen är lämpliga att utföra samt exempel på hur stegen skulle kunna implementeras i företag. Ytterligare resultat belyser att den cirkulära ekonomin samt olika slags hållbarhetsmärkningar påverkar huruvida hållbar den färdiga möbeln kan komma att bli. Att utveckla hållbara inköpsprocesser kan dock bli en kostnads- samt tidsfråga men det får en avgörande roll för att bidra till hållbar konsumtion och produktion av möbler. 

  • 19.
    Neman, Emma
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Öz, Siyabend
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Citylogistik: Godsflöden till och godshantering i ett köpcentrum2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    City logistics is a complex phenomenon that includes all trips to, out of and within a selected urban area with road vehicles whose task is to collect or deliver goods. The cities are a major driving force for an individual country's economy and, since freight transport is fundamental to our existing lifestyle, it is more important than ever that the flow of goods in cities works to increase the availability of products and materials. The increased urbanization in Sweden has increased the demand for freight transport within the cities. However, transport activities lead to increased air pollution, greenhouse gas emissions, noise, visual intrusion and traffic congestion that is costly to society. Today in Europe, urban transport accounts for a quarter of the transport's carbon dioxide emissions and 69% of all traffic accidents occur in cities.

    Transport planning is a complicated task that involves many interactions between different stakeholders. There are many different stakeholders along a supply chain, all of which have different requirements and perceptions of freight transport. Companies tend to worry more about how customers should have access to services and products rather than how the products should be delivered. This study aims to gain a deeper understanding of the complex logistics system that exists in Skövde in order to design city logistics initiative that are sustainable and promote the interests of the stakeholders. Commerce, the city mall of Skövde receives deliveries of goods every day to over 50 stores through two loading docks with limited capacity. To answer the report's problem questions, measurements and observations have been carried out, as well as interviews and questionnaires with the actors involved within the framework of this work. The authors have identified an opportunity to make capacity available on one of the loading docks by building a ramp.

  • 20.
    Nyström, Marcus
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Siby, Hanna
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Vilka kriterier bör beaktas angående materialhantering inför övergång till automatlager?: En Fallstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As manufacturing companies increase their sales they also increasing their production. An increased production will eventually require more space area for a larger machinery as the regular machines no longer suffice. If production for stock is used, the demand for warehouse space will at the same time increase. Both machinery and storage require space and if the company is short on space even before the expansion and the potential for remodelling is low, this might require alternative solutions on how the space can be utilized in a better way. Such a solution can be AutoStore, a three-dimensional automated warehouse. Such a warehouse can facilitate a better use of the bearing surface and is adaptable as it can be implemented in most environments.

    This study aims to answer a number of questions relating to materials handling when changing from Manuel warehouse-system to AutoStore. The study was conducted on a case company planning to implement this kind of warehouse. The problem questions concern what items are suitable to store in AutoStore, in what quantities they should be packaged and how the switch from the old to the new warehouse could be implemented without jeopardizing security of supply. The study was conducted with the help of literature to get a theoretical perspective as well as interviews and visits on both the cases company and other companies that have already undergone an implementation of AutoStore to get a practical perspective.

    The work processes involving material handling described how they work both before and after an implementation of AutoStore to compare the differences. The study resulted in models and matrixes that will facilitate the choice of where an article is best suited, at racking storage or AutoStore and in what packaging quantities that are appropriate to facilitate picking. Furthermore, guidelines are presented for what should be thought of before switching to AutoStore.

  • 21.
    Pesonen, Mikael
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Självkörande fordon: och hur de kan komma att påverka vägtransporter2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie har utförts genom att granska relevant teoretiskt material som funnits tillgängligt fram till början av andra kvartalet år 2017. Det teoretiska materialet har prövats mot experter på området i form av intervjuer och slutligen har det gemensamma materialet av teori och empiri tolkats av författaren som också förmedlar sina egna tankar kring självkörande fordon.  Studien fokuserar på självkörande vägfordon som bilar och lastbilar och vilka konsekvenser självkörande fordon kan medföra i en framtida situation avseende förflyttning av material, gods och människor i och mellan samhällen. Aspekter som belyses är vilka infrastrukturförändringar som kan tänkas ske och hur miljön kan påverkas. Ett bidrag i denna studie är bedömningen av när fullt självkörande fordon troligtvis kommer finnas tillgängliga och när de har etablerats.  Studien  visar  att  det  finns  potentiellt  stora  vinster  med  att  införa  självkörande  fordon  på allmänna vägar däribland samhällsekonomiska fördelar och kommersiella aspekter som högre säkerhet på väg samt lägre bränsleförbrukning med kolonnkörning och därmed också mindre utsläpp.  Självkörande  fordon  bör  också  kunna  medföra  ett  jämnare  trafikflöde  när trafikolyckorna blir färre och vågliknande mönster i trafiken reduceras eftersom körningen blir allt mer automatiserad. Det bör även leda till kapacitetshöjande effekter på vägarna genom att fler fordon per tidsenhet kan passera ett område och därmed ökad produktivitet. FN:s, EU:s och även Sveriges miljömål bör kunna driva på övergången från fossila fordon till elektriska fordon med olika former av incitament och samtidigt när allt fler går över till elektriska fordon (inom tidsperioden för satta miljömål) är det även troligt att de elektriska fordonen är utrustade med självkörande funktionalitet, inte minst ur säkerhetssynpunkt och därför bör försäljningen av elektriska fordon gynna även försäljningen av självkörande fordon eller självkörande system.  Det finns också risker med självkörande fordon eftersom delar eller hela system i självkörande fordon möjligen kan manipuleras, störas eller inaktiveras. Det finns frågor kring vilka etiska val  en  AI  gör  och  om  den  data  som  samlas  in  och  skickas  från  fordonen  till  datormoln. Självkörande  fordon  kan  också  innebära  en  inskränkning  av  den  personliga  integriteten eftersom  det  möjligen  kommer  finnas  videokameror  i  fordonen,  eller  genom  att  känslig information  som  insamlats  med  fordonen  exponeras  och  resulterar  i  förföljelse,  högre försäkringspremier eller någon annan ovälkommen händelse.  Människan  har  en  begränsad  förmåga  att  tänka  rationellt  (administrative  man)  eftersom människan bedömer vissa möjliga alternativ och vissa konsekvenser av dessa alternativ samt tenderar att välja det första tillfredsställande alternativet som dyker upp. Detta kan skapa vissa hinder för bland annat implementeringen av självkörande fordon. De hinder som identifierats mot självkörande fordon är främst lagar och regler såsom  ansvarsfrågan vid en olycka och avsaknad av unifierade lagar och regler som är anpassade till den nya tekniken. Även acceptans till den nya tekniken kan vara ett hinder och likaså osäkerheten kring framtidens arbetsmarknad eftersom att arbeten kan försvinna och ersättas av maskiner. 

  • 22.
    Petersson, Louise
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Johansson, Michelle
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Förpackning och förpackningsavfall: Vem bär ansvar i en tänkt försörjningskedja för en plastförpackning för livsmedel2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An increased use of packaging has contributed to an increase of packaging waste. The purpose of this study is to identify how different organizations and consumer in a conceived supply chain affect waste disposal of packaging, how organizations and consumer can act and what obstacles and opportunities they encounter to contribute to a more environmentally friendly food packaging.

    The aesthetic ability of plastics, low weight and that the material is relatively inexpensive contributes to increase the use of plastic for packaging every year, as well as plastic packaging waste. Plastics can cause damage to animals and nature when the waste goes to landfill, and the raw material extraction of fossil raw materials continues if the packaging material is not minimized, reused or recycled. A certain packaging design and choice of material can contribute to increased profitability for the company, e.g. through resource minimization, marketing advantages and easier handling of packaging in the logistics flow. The design can also attract consumers to purchases as well as contribute to reuse, recycling, energy recovery or landfill waste of packaging. The increase in packaging has contributed to policy guidelines on waste management and statutory producer responsibility has develop. Food manufacturers are therefore responsible for the packaging they sell on the market even after consumers have used the product, which means they are responsible for establish collection- and recycling stations as well as waste minimization for packaging.

    The empirical research consists of ten interviewed companies and an anonymous consumer survey, which is divided into six different positions that may exist in a supply chain. All interviews and consumer research have touched upon subjects such as materials, recycling and environmental work that are associated with packaging. Due to the position of the different organizations and consumer in the supply chain and their views, actions and knowledge in different areas of the report, there is a variation in the collected data.

    Despite the organizations different viewpoints of packaging, packaging design and its environmental impact is influenced and influence all the organizations and consumer in the supply chain. To reduce the environmental impact of packaging the organization and consumer should consider packaging design, choice of materials and contribute to more sustainable actions for organizations and consumer. For example, through collaborations, reduced raw material extraction through material minimization, reuse and/or recycling, marketing, sorting waste and recycling processes.

  • 23.
    Ringeby, Sebastian
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Andersson, Magnus
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Returhantering av kläder inom e-handel: Öka lönsamheten genom att minimera onödiga returer2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In line with the strong growth of e-commerce, the number of returns has also increased and some e-retailers can have a return ratio of 50 % which can cause high costs. Because of this, return management has become an increasingly important part of e-retailers.

    The purpose of this study is to increase the understanding of how return management is performed by e-retailers in the apparel business. The problem questions in this study is about what challenges are e-retailers faced with and what activities can they use to respond to these challenges.

    This study is based on a literature review and the interview of four companies. The interviewed companies are different ones in size with a different focus on their e-commerce. This study shows how much the interviewed companies are focusing on their activities around returns and what the outcome can be.

    Return management and its challenges are different for different e-retailers. To overcome their challenges, it is important to have well-functioning activities within avoidance, gatekeeping and return policy that supports the operational returns management process. Regardless size on the companies it is important to achieve a high level of awareness, however, it does not need to be profitable for smaller companies to have a strong focus on their return activities as bigger ones. The purpose of return management is to create a balance between sales and cost.

  • 24.
    Ringeby, Sebastian
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Andersson, Magnus
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Returhantering av kläder inom e-handel: Öka lönsamheten genom att minimera onödiga returer2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I takt med e-handelns starka tillväxt så har även antalet returer ökat och e-handelsföretag kan ha upp till 50 % i returandel vilket kan medföra höga kostnader. Detta har inneburit att returhanteringen blivit en allt viktigare del för e-handelsföretag.

    Syftet med denna studie är att få en bättre förståelse för hur returhanteringen ser ut hos e-handelsföretag inom klädbranschen. Problemfrågorna berör vilka utmaningar står e-handlare inför idag och vilka aktiviteter kan de använda sig av för att överkomma dessa utmaningar men även hur stort fokus olika stora företag bör lägga på sina returaktiviteter.

    Studien baseras på en litteraturgenomgång samt en intervjustudie på fyra olika stora e-handelsföretag. De intervjuade företagen är olika stora och har ett olika stort fokus på sin e-handel. Denna studie visar på vad de olika e-handelsföretagen har för fokus på sina returaktiviteter och vad det kan leda till.

    Returhanteringen och dess utmaningar ser annorlunda ut för olika e-handelsföretag. För att överkomma de utmaningar som e-handelsföretag står inför är det viktigt att ha väl fungerande aktiviteter inom avoidance, gatekeeping och returpolicy som stöds av den operativa returhanteringsprocessen. För både stora och små företag är det viktigt att ha en hög medvetenhet men för mindre företag behöver det inte vara kostnadseffektivt att lägga ett allt för stort fokus på sina returaktiviteter. Syftet med returhantering är att skapa en balans mellan försäljning och kostnader.

  • 25.
    Ruiz Zúñiga, Enrique
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Urenda Moris, Matias
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Syberfeldt, Anna
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.
    Integrating Simulation-Based Optimization, Lean, and the Concepts of Industry 4.02017In: Proceedings of the 2017 Winter Simulation Conference / [ed] W. K. V. Chan, A. D'Ambrogio, G. Zacharewicz, N. Mustafee, G. Wainer, E. Page, IEEE, 2017, p. 3828-3839Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays, due to the need of innovation and adaptation for the mass production of customized goods,many industries are struggling to compete with the manufacturing sector emerging in different countriesaround the world. The understanding and implementation of different improvement techniques isnecessary in order to take part in the so-called fourth industrial revolution, Industry 4.0. This paperinvestigates how two well-known improvement approaches, namely lean and simulation-basedoptimization, can be combined with the concepts of Industry 4.0 to improve efficiency and avoid movingproduction to other countries. Going through an industrial case study, the paper discusses how such acombination could be carried out and how the different strengths of the three approaches can be utilizedtogether. The case study focuses on how the efficiency of a production site can be increased and howIndustry 4.0 can support the improvement of the internal logistics on the shop floor.

  • 26.
    Ryberg, Lisa
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Skogum, Johanna
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Hållbar citylogistik: En fallstudie över hur flödet av godstransporter i Skövdes stadskärna kan förbättras utifrån ett intressent- och hållbarhetsperspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In order to create an attractive urban centre where people thrive, freight transport needs to provide the urban centre businesses with deliveries. However, these urban freight transports have several negative effects on profitability, people and the planet. The aim of this case study is therefore to create a more sustainable city logistics, where the flow of freight transports into, within and out of Skövde's urban centre will be improved from both a stakeholder and sustainability perspective. The study also considers the existing problems and challenges, and what conflicts of interest can arise, in the creation of a sustainable city logistics.

    The theoretical framework presents the content of a sustainable city logistics and which stakeholders and actors are involved in the creation of a sustainable city logistics. Later the negative impacts of urban freight transport are described from a social, economic and environmental perspective, which forms the basis for the theoretical improvement proposals. The proposals for improvement should benefit as many stakeholders as possible in order to be credible, and improve the flow of freight transport into, within and out of Skövde's urban centre.

    In order to study the problems in Skövde's urban centre from the perspective of different stakeholders, the empirical data collection consists of a combined research methodology. The data collection contains a direct observation and quantitative data considering the movement of freight transport in Skövde's urban centre. Furthermore, the study contains surveys and interviews with distributors and receivers in Skövde's urban centre. Each stakeholder has also been given the opportunity to rank which negative impacts of urban freight transport they considered to be more or less important in the creation of a sustainable city logistics in Skövde.

    The analysis is based on both proposals for improvement and the stakeholders' perspective on sustainable city logistics to find out how the flow of freight transport in Skövde's urban centre can be improved from a sustainability perspective in order to benefit several stakeholders. The result contains four recommended improvement proposals that are considered reasonable to implement in Skövde's urban centre within an estimated time horizon.

  • 27.
    Rydsmo, Emma
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Karlsson, Sara
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    En fallstudie om varför ett tillverkande företag vill införa en outsourcad e-handel: Finns det enbart fördelar?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The increased rate of changes results in the transition of an industrial to become a digitized society. This has enabled manufacturing companies today to conduct e-commerce. Opportunities that e-commerce can contribute to is for example: global reach, cost savings and improved relationships with the final customers. The final customer in this report is defined as the consuming customer who is the last one in the supply chain. Establishing a new e-commerce can cause difficulties if the company has no previous experience, thus an alternative is to outsource the new e-commerce. The purpose of the case company in this report is to introduce a new outsourced e-commerce. The purpose of the report is also to assist them in the decision process of whether this service would gain them. Outsourcing can lead to cost savings, but it can also lead to increased dependency. An introduction of e-commerce can involve channel conflicts hence a redistribution of customers in existing channels. It can also lead to a disintermediation as the case company which is a manufacturing company choose to "skip" parts of the distribution chain to get closer to its final customers. Thus, introducing e-commerce does not only affect the case company, it can also affect other actors in the supply chain. 

    The report aims to explore the opportunities and risks that a manufacturing company should consider in the implementation of an outsourced e-commerce. The purpose is also to investigate how companies can determine which activities that should be outsourced. To answer the problem-issues of the report a case company which is considering introducing e-commerce as a new sales channel, is used. The report has been done using literature to obtain a theoretical perspective. To get a practical perspective the authors have made visits at the case company and also done interviews with respondents at the company. 

    The theoretical contribution presents the opportunities and risks with e-commerce and outsourcing, according to scientific sources, which some of them support the empirical data. The authors analyze the respondents attitude to the opportunities and risks which are presented in the theoretical reference frame. The report also serves as a basis for the case company of what to consider when implementing an e-commerce, but also how to introduce outsourcing. 

  • 28.
    Salas, Julián
    et al.
    Internet Interdisciplinary Institute (IN3), CYBERCAT-Center for Cybersecurity Research of Catalonia, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC), Barcelona, Spain.
    Megías, David
    Internet Interdisciplinary Institute (IN3), CYBERCAT-Center for Cybersecurity Research of Catalonia, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC), Barcelona, Spain.
    Torra, Vicenç
    University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    SwapMob: Swapping trajectories for mobility anonymization2018In: Privacy in Statistical Databases: UNESCO Chair in Data Privacy, International Conference, PSD 2018, Valencia, Spain, September 26–28, 2018, Proceedings / [ed] Josep Domingo-Ferrer, Fransisco Montes, Springer, 2018, p. 331-346Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mobility data mining can improve decision making, from planning transports in metropolitan areas to localizing services in towns. However, unrestricted access to such data may reveal sensible locations and pose safety risks if the data is associated to a specific moving individual. This is one of the many reasons to consider trajectory anonymization. Some anonymization methods rely on grouping individual registers on a database and publishing summaries in such a way that individual information is protected inside the group. Other approaches consist of adding noise, such as differential privacy, in a way that the presence of an individual cannot be inferred from the data. In this paper, we present a perturbative anonymization method based on swapping segments for trajectory data (SwapMob). It preserves the aggregate information of the spatial database and at the same time, provides anonymity to the individuals. We have performed tests on a set of GPS trajectories of 10,357 taxis during the period of Feb. 2 to Feb. 8, 2008, within Beijing. We show that home addresses and POIs of specific individuals cannot be inferred after anonymizing them with SwapMob, and remark that the aggregate mobility data is preserved without changes, such as the average length of trajectories or the number of cars and their directions on any given zone at a specific time.

  • 29.
    Sarlak, Shannon
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Möjligheter för produktion med additiv tillverkning: - En fallstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Additive manufacturing is a manufacturing process that has for the past 30 years been used substantially within the branch of industry. By adding material layer-by-layer, an object will be designed, and this method is called 3D-printing. Despite the advantage of building an object without assemblage as in traditional manufacturing, there is a lot of limitations with this additive manufacturing. Are there more opportunities than difficulties with additive manufacturing or is this manufacturing process too advanced too take over the traditional manufacturing process once and for all?

     

     Purpose: The purpose with this study is to increase understanding for promises and challenges with additive manufacturing and in which context it is adequate to use. Which elements makes it more appropriate and which are less, with additive manufacturing.

     

    Implementation: In the theoretical frame of reference, an integrative review study has been formed, by collecting and working with data from precious studies. The focus applies on the content of additive manufacturing, differences between traditional manufacturing and additive manufacturing only in theoretical frame of reference, promises and challenge with AM-processes, logistical aspects that focuses on the service elements that interact between organizations and customers but also the quality issues that concern additive manufacturing, order qualifiers and order winners that makes the establishment unique also adequacy of materials for different AM-processes. The empirics contain data and information from two concerned organizations that utilize additive manufacturing, but also how they go about to achieve competitive advantages. The analysis compiles the theoretical frame of reference that is formed by the data from previous additive manufacturing studies. Together with the empirics that has been brought by the concerned companies. Through the question formulation and a designed survey study that was given to the two companies, an information rich integrative review was embodied.

     

    Conclusion: This case study shows, as well as other studies that concern additive manufacturing, the conclusion is the same. The conclusion shows that additive manufacturing leads to elements such as cost reduction regarding manufacturing, reduced tied capital, to shorten the lead time, less haul, more environmentally friendly and to make complex geometric objects that are hard to design through traditional manufacturing. There are differences between the companies chosen AM-processes, because each AM-process uses different material. Material offering is more considerable to Company A that uses plastics than to Rise Swecast AB that uses powder within metal production. Adequacy for additive manufacturing applies more to build geometric complex objects, manufacturing of lower production volumes. It applies less to larger production volumes, limit of material supplies of different AM-processes and also for building larger objects. There are also quality issues that concern the printout, thus there is no feedback equipment, but this controls after each printout to avoid variations between printouts and between AM-processes.

    Additive manufacturing will take more place in the industry branch, in the future, and eventually replace processes within the traditional production. There are great opportunities for additive manufacturing that will lead to profitability for companies and customers through decentralization, meaning that organizations do not need to invest in a whole factory.

  • 30.
    Schyllert Römo, Fredrik
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Raage, Yonis
    University of Skövde, School of Business.
    Vilka logistiska åtgärder kan ett grossistföretag vidta för att behålla lönsamheten i en mogen bransch?: En fallstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Till följd av IT-utvecklingen har grossisters roll i försörjningskedjan allt mer minskats på grund av effektiviseringsåtgärder i kedjan. Detta har medfört att många grossistföretag befinner sig under press att försöka bevara sitt nuvarande verksamhetsområde och därigenom lönsamheten. Företagets lönsamhet är direkt associerade med dess kostnader, något som visar på att sänkta kostnader är en nödvändighet för att generera en bättre lönsamhet. enna rapport omfattas av en fallstudie där syftet är att undersöka vilka logistiska åtgärder som ett grossistföretag kan vidta för att bibehålla lönsamheten i en mogen bransch. Denna problemfrågeställning har specificerats ytterligare i två delfrågor inom hemtagningskostnad och lagerhållningskostnad. Detta för att se på huruvida områdena kan bidra till en förbättrad lönsamhet. Studien omfattas av en kombination av kvantitativ och kvalitativ data för få en bred infallsvinkel över fallföretagets nuvarande situation och problematik.

    Total cost of ownership är en metod som bland annat omfattar ett företags lagerhållnings- och hemtagningskostnader. Den metod som grossistföretag kan använda sig av att minska sina hemtagnings- och lagerhållningskostnader är framförallt artikelklassificering. Metoden kan bidra med att särskilja vilka artiklar i ett företags lagersortiment som är strategisk viktiga och därmed ligga till grund för vilka artiklar som bör anskaffas mot lagerhållning samt moterhållna kundorders. I materialanskaffningssammanhang kan grossistföretag med fördel tillämpa en teoretisk mall för att beräkna den totala hemtagningskostnaden och därefter jämföra potentiella leverantörsalternativ för att välja de mest ekonomiskt fördelaktiga. För att beräkna lagerhållningskostnaden kan en formel användas för att få fram den årliga lagerhållningskostnaden per enhet. Formeln kan även visa på den kostnad som en viss lagerhållning förorsakar.

  • 31.
    Trengereid, Erik
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Grönborg, Lucas
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Hållbart Inköp: Hur inköpsfunktionen kan bidra till en hållbarare organisation2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to analyze how the purchasing function can contribute to a com-pany’s sustainable performance in both the short and long term. Furthermore, the purpose is also to scrutinize how Swedish firms use sustainable procurement today. The study examines that by comparing an empirical investigation of Swedish firms made by the authors to the theoretical frameworks preferred way of working with sustainable procurement, which is es-sentially based on 41 journal articles. This study is of interest since the purchasing function possesses one of the greatest opportunities to influence both the company and its suppliers; this indicates that procurement can play a major role in increasing sustainable development. The use of sustainable procurement can create many advantages for both the company practic-ing, and for the environment. Nonetheless, it is according to earlier studies clear that compa-nies are not taking advantage of the promises found in sustainable procurement. One potential reason companies are not utilizing sustainable procurement is that they lack the knowledge needed to execute a more sustainable purchasing method and also that firms consider sustain-able purchasing as complex and resource intensive.This study explains the fundamental concepts needed to utilize sustainable purchasing; these are green purchasing, social responsible buying and economical responsibility. The conjunc-tion of these three parts constitutes sustainable purchasing.The result of the study is a theoretical framework that highlights the possibilities of sustaina-ble purchasing and provides some overall guidelines for how the work towards it can be con-ducted. The theoretical framework also provides a compiling of the existing litterature to fa-cilitate further studies. The study shows that there exist pure strategies for working towards both environmental and social sustainability. Pure strategies for purchasing towards economic sustainablility where still harder to come by. One clear recognition during the work with the theoretial framework were however that the different parts that makes up sustainable purchas-ing doesn't stand alone, they are rather interrelated. That indicates that it is better to work to-wards sustainability as an overall concept rather than towards its parts. The study also shows how six companies who purports to be working with sustainable procurement does so, and how this conforms to the literature, and how it does not. The found literature on the subject frequently mentions that the biggest problem with sustainable procurement today is compa-nies generally low involvement in sustainability. These problems where however harder to prove in the study. Based on the study, several factors that affect companies involvement in sustainable procurement was identified. Factors such as; company size, line of business, level of globalization proved to affect how the companies work with sustainable procurement.

  • 32.
    van Laere, Joeri
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Nilsson, Maria
    University of Skövde, School of Humanities and Informatics. University of Skövde, The Informatics Research Centre.
    Ujvari, Sandor
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Hilletofth, Per
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Reflections on fusion systems requirements analysis for maintenance planning2008In: Proceedings of the 2nd Skövde Workshop on Information Fusion Topics (SWIFT 2008) / [ed] H. Boström, R. Johansson, Joeri van Laere, Skövde: University of Skövde , 2008, p. 5-8Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Vujicic, Sanja
    et al.
    Univ Gothenburg, Ctr Tourism, Sch Business Econ & Law, Gothenburg, Sweden .
    Wickelgren, Mikael
    University of Skövde, School of Technology and Society.
    Destination Branding in Relation to Airports: The Case of the City of Valencia2011In: European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research, ISSN 1567-7133, E-ISSN 1567-7141, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 334-345Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates various factors that contribute to the success of destination branding efforts where success is defined as the increase in airplane passenger numbers to a destination and its linked air transportation. Drawing on in-depth interviews and snowball sampling, the study examines the roles of many of the key actors involved in the efforts to increase passenger numbers. Using the City of Valencia in Spain as a case study, the role of its airport is examined as a factor of particular interest. The study concludes that Valencia has positioned itself among neighbouring destinations on the Spanish Mediterranean coast by its focus on high profile events and cultural tourism. However, other actors have taken a more active role in the effort to increase the number of tourists than the Valencia Airport that has taken a more passive role. Another finding is that the persistence in seeking resources for the costly branding efforts was another influential factor that explains the increase in Valencia tourism.

  • 34.
    Wänerberger, Alexander
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science.
    Said, Sayyed Hamid
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science.
    Lagerstyrning och prognostisering av råmateriallagret2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Production to customer order usually requires keeping a supply warehouse. Increased customer demands for short lead-times require that materials must be in stock. This result in increasing stock levels in a company leads to more capital tied up and simultaneously leads to poorer yields. To avoid keeping a large storage warehouse whilst keeping a good service requires an effective inventory control.

    The purpose of this project is to find out how the demand looks like in the current situation of the company and to develop an appropriate forecasting method and calculation model against a certain pace for inventory control. The methods mentioned in this work are the ABC analysis, calculation of safety stock and forecasting methods.

    The results from this work will answer the objectives of the project aims. A variety of analyzes and experiments shall be used to investigate what type of forecasting method that the company should use. The methods and theories raised in the report also aims to be used by similar companies. The aim of the selected forecasting method is also to lead to a better base, from which better forecast precision is one part in order to improve the inventory management. This has, as far as possible, been put in relation to the working methods used in the company today. Some of the work has been to find out how much demand changes during the lead times, i.e. from the ordering of raw material until the material is in the raw material stock. This has also been used to compare forecasting methods against the present approach.

    Because the company wants to expand its production, a calculation model has also been developed. This model indicates the inventory level to a desired pace, i.e. demand level.

1 - 34 of 34
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf