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  • 1.
    Hooshyar Yousefi, Bahram
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Reflective Ethical Pedagogical Concerns: Characteristics, Values and Strategies2019In: The International Journal of Tarrah (The Designer), ISSN 2008-9538, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 30-35Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Moral and ethical concerns seem to emerge in the western societies current development regeneration; among the most visible recent changes of education, it is now inconceivable that the reduction of the educational activities to technical endeavor without ethical consideration is totally absurd. The theorists of the crisis of values , the illustrations of ethical questions, the traditions and to their modern aspirations, the multi-cultural society necessities, etc are issues which must be reconsidered in the sense of pedagogical concerns. Ethical issues, in general, are experiencing a revival in advanced modernized societies characterized by multi-cultural complexities. Education is one the main platforms of the mentioned regenerated interest of the discussion and it has been considered by all the involving actors in the pedagogic world that the process of education is a complex endeavor requiring several communicative competences. The eventual argument about professional ethics would cover the pedagogical relationship, the human qualities requirements in the teaching profession, justice and equity, etc. The mentioned communicative/relational dimensions have been being influenced by a wide range of various actors with whom the instructor/teacher interacts; the interactions which could lead to value-oriented dilemmas and conflicts and challenge the ability of the teachers’ ethical judgment.

  • 2.
    Hooshyar Yousefi, Bahram
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    The Core of Design Thinking and its Architectural Application2016In: DESIGNER, ISSN 2008-9538, no 12, p. 40-51Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The term design thinking is used to refer to the study of the practices of working designers (Melles et al., 2006), the methods and processes for investigating challenges, acquiring information, analyzing knowledge, and positioning solutions in the design and planning fields (Meinel & Leifer, 2011) by combining “empathy, creativity, and rationality”. Architectural theory has evolved over time, to reflect the development of new materials, new construction, new structures, new philosophies, new socio-cultural contexts, new scientific findings, and, of course, new technology. As Dorst (2011) emphasises ‘Design Thinking’ has been part of “the collective consciousness of design researchers since Rowe used it as the title of his 1987 book and different models have emerged since then. Nowadays, “Design Thinking” is identified as an exciting new paradigm for adopting designerly practices dealing with complex problems to build up a “conceptual framework”. Architectural logic provides us with a various of approaches toward the reasoning in design exploring potential value of the design process. In this paper the author will move from the architectural process definitions to a broad descriptions of design thinking and its application in the architectural design process. Since the process of design and its logical principles look quite complex, an integral attitude has been introduced in order to elaborate multi-step process avoiding the natural paradox of the sense of a complex statement of Design Process and Design Thinking. It is on this particular aspect of the creative design that we position our work: how to design a software tool support, and even improve, creativity in the early stages of the design? We will restrict ourselves to this in a specific area, that architectural design that we describe in the next section.

    • Dorst, K. (2011). The core of ‘design thinking’ and its application. Design Studies, 32(6), 521‐532.
    • Meinel, C., & Leifer, L. (2011). Design Thinking Research. Design thinking understand ‐ improve ‐ apply (pp. 1‐12). Berlin: Springer.
    • Melles, G., Howard, Z., & Thompson‐Whiteside, S. (2012). Teaching Design Thinking: Expanding Horizons in Design Education. Procedia ‐ Social and Behavioral Sciences, 31, 162‐166.

  • 3. Hooshyar Yousefi, Bahram
    Toward an Architectural Self­-awareness based on an Artistic Institutional Approaches2016In: DESIGNER, ISSN 2008-9538, no 12, p. 32-38Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In spite of the importance of design, the associated study has been incompetently represented as an academic subject and the design involving artistic aspects is isolated from design engaging engineering; this fragmented attitude makes it hard to defined “design”. Regardless the definition, both constraint and creativity shape the characteristics of design. The design is productive and cognitive, individual and collective. According to this attitude, design can be defined as an activity that formulates, physically and mentally, the “environment” of human (designer and user) and the “artifact” interaction. To develop the so called “interaction” it is vital to understand the mechanism of the design and designers’ behaviour and approaches. Although different sorts of models have been produced in order to depict and clarify the design activity, they have not had significant impact uncovering the individual aspects of designers. Design research in accordance with the detailing and increasing the apprehension of the procedure/mechanism of design is essential. The diversity of architectural design utilization is countless; but the architectural thought and the associated execution essentially follow a specific order. In accordance with the nature of architectural activities, it is necessary fuse both “artistic” and “scientific” mentality into architecture; in order to achieve a proper configuration during the architecture conceptual activity the mapping obstructive techniques are essential. Consequently, during the process the result will be more beyond the simple graphical representation, it does not seem easy. Craving to do great technical configuration and the creative Conceptualization outlines, designers try to assess the inventiveness during the design process, particularly in the early phase of layout in accordance with the form and expression. What we call “design process” could imply sundry purports depending on different situations and observers; in the following interview, we have discussed different aspects of creativity and tried to develop the correspondent pre-model including Parisa’s end goal architectural assignment illumination which eventually gave us a conceptual platform which the architect advances through the process; models of architectural design are rather descriptive and emphasize cognitive cycles, whereas in engineering, they are more prescriptive and insist on mandatory sequence of steps. We have also debated different notions of her architectural attitude and artistic intuition, specifically in association with the conceptualization processings.

  • 4.
    Hooshyar Yousefi, Bahram
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Durst, Susanne
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Form follows knowledge: A Thematic Synthesis Toward the KMS-based semantic approach in Architecture SMEs2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a traceable current methodic shift in the field of “Architectural Design” which could be explained as the systematic interconnection of “scientific method” and “design methods” based on the objectives of the “structural logic” of Design; the prospect “systematic” approach would provide the designers/architects/Architecture-SMEs with a possible wide range of technological practical potentials to be deciphered to the operational facilitation in the associated enterprises. The mentioned structural logic could be characterized as a “design support” facilitation based on the “information processing and evaluation” for dealing with all aspects of the knowledge in the process as a Knowledge Management System (KMS) in the sense of improving the collaboration and enhancing the Knowledge Management (KM) process. Since the visual aspects of the design process, such as diagrams, contain a structure of natural cognitive “networks of relationships”, the “meaning” is situated between the linkages of the network which would be visually presented and actualized by the architectural artifact. The semantic associations would be a strategy-based approach of textual relationship between concepts and knowledge for the textual determination and source-target mapping as an effective tool in term of developing the knowledge mining computational analogy tools. In this paper, the main focus is the dynamicity- and creativity-oriented as a flow of knowledge exchange between the design actors in the knowledge-based architectural decisions. The required knowledge and information analysis in the conceptual phase and the related creative notions, beside the fact that concepts are verbal/textual/visually representable, emphasizes the need of a knowledge mapping as a reliable context for Conceptualization in architecture SMEs. The formalization/formulization of the design knowledge/information and the associated interaction/dynamicity based on the designers’ cognitive/creative attitude are still a field to be developed; in this paper, besides the emphasizing the importance of knowledge and its cognitive approaches, the integration of “systematic design approaches” and “knowledge-based systems”, in a semantic sense, have been illustrated. Eventually, the current paper indicates the foundation of a model of such a knowledge-based semantic manner using a review and thematic analysis method.

  • 5.
    Hooshyar Yousefi, Bahram
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Durst, Susanne
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Toward a Supporting KM Model of Concept Generation in Small Architectural Firms2016In: Proceedings of the International Conference Theory and Applications in the Knowledge Economy: TAKE 2016 – Aveiro, Portugal, 6 to 8 July 2016 / [ed] Eduardo Tomé, 2016, p. 78-92Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Design could be considered as an activity that formulates, physically and mentally, the “environment” of human (designer and user) and the “artifact” interaction. To develop the mentioned “interaction” it is vital to understand the mechanism of the design and designers’ behavior and approaches as a manageable knowledge-based outlook. According to our literature review, there is not any specific integrated model based on Knowledge Management (KM) and sharing information explaining the “Architectural Creation and Conceptualization”. In this paper, it has been emphasized that architectural design is a creative process of converting knowledge and information into products and/or services (Durst et al., 2014), based on requirements into an upper level of awareness as the product concept and capturing the new knowledge as the solutions which are complete, clear, and consistent. Regardless the normative considerations, an organizational framework based on knowledge for architecture SMEs, can improve the overall performance of the architecture design enterprises. The objective of this article is to propose the need of a new approach toward “Architectural Design Process Syntax” (Yousefi, 2014) based on the developing a KM visual system/model illuminating the managerial approach in the process. The final Visual KM model could be used as a conceptual reference for architectural design process in architectural small and medium offices (SMEs). The authors have mainly followed the literature study, task analysis based on interviews and questionnaires and also visual models, as the assessment and result methodology. This article also reflects the lack of application of the key knowledge management initiatives in architecture SMEs and highlights the essential of a managerial approach toward the question by presenting some potential line of research.

  • 6. Hooshyar Yousefi, Bahram
    et al.
    Hallaj, Laleh
    Osveh University, Tabriz, Iran.
    An Analytic Approach toward Risks of the Process of Recent Architectural Competitions in Iran2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Not similar to management discipline, it is really hard to recognize a body of official knowledge and science which deals with the fundamental issues and challenges confronted the architectural design; in spite of the lack of general methodic attitude, the essential forces influencing the architectural design process established guidelines and outline plan of works such as RIBA Outline Plan of Work (Royal Institute of British Architects [RIBA]) or RIBA Work Stages which describes the key tasks, the American Institute of Architects (AIA) as the organization in charge of regulation in the US, the Architects' Council of Europe (ACE), the European Association for Architectural Education (EAAE), etc. Unfortunately there is not such a regulation in Iran to provide a platform which supports the architectural mission as a social discipline by using a format to generate a foundation toward a standard syntax in the field of architectural design performance.

    There have always been attention about hesitations and risk; based on the mentioned background, the architectural design project is not risk-free. The confronting strategy is the most important part of managing risk. While risks cannot be omitted, successful projects are those where risks are effectively managed. This paper presents some routine risks that may occur on the process of the architectural design projects in order to establish a model-oriented approach to manage and cope them.

    It is concluded that architects must take the responsibility to manage their applicable risks in accordance with the architectural design process and work cooperatively from the possible phase onwards to address potential risks in time. Risk management is thus a notable tool to cope with such substantial risks. Risk management is about thinking ahead and analysing the risks and hesitations involved in a project, which is most important part of the quality management system. The results from this study show a necessity for improvements regarding risk management in architectural design projects.

  • 7.
    Hooshyar Yousefi, Bahram
    et al.
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    Najjar Azali, Negin
    Tabriz Azad University, Iran.
    When AI, VR & AR Help Architects to Compose Solutions: The story of a Futuristic Creative Exploration of Design2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the fundamental issues in the Architecture and urban studies, is creativity and adapting to the new trends of innovation, which in a set is the solution to the design wicked problems. Meanwhile, in a general point of view, there is a significant increase in accordance with the use of Information Technology (IT) as a tool of the perception of the sensing of place/space. Territories of Artificial Intelligence (AI) covers the self-ruling arranging robotic frameworks to explore through the surrendering data/information; the data which could be provided by the computerized visual system. Consequently, the mentioned line of technology would metamorphose the complex multi-layers of the architectural spaces, even more complex. In this paper we discuss about the current state-of-art in Virtual Reality, (VR), Augmented Reality (AR) and also Artificial Intelligence (AI) through the possible intermediate-level of processing as the object/feature/pattern path and the recognition and tracking which could be carried out by the associated scenarios. The manuscript describes VR, AR and AI as helpful tools to achieve better comprehension of semantic layers of place/space. Our methodology is testing and also literature review of case studies. This study identifies the main factors in the mentioned state-of-art influencing the architectural creativity and innovation in the sense of architecture as a branch of the discipline of design and management through the process of observing and visualization. At the end of the article, we conclude that the paradigm of visualization is a key factor to present appropriate answers for the architectural wicked-problems.

  • 8.
    Najjar Azali, Negin
    et al.
    Tabriz Azad University, Iran.
    Hooshyar Yousefi, Bahram
    University of Skövde, School of Business. University of Skövde, Enterprises for the Future.
    On the Need of BIM Implementation in the Historical Buildings Renovation: An Analytical KMS-based Approach Toward Upgrading the Existing Renovation Design Methods to the Building Information Model in Iran2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BIM (Building Information Modeling) is the new trend in accordance with the management of the information related to building design and construction; some countries such as Denmark, Singapore and the United Kingdom have mandated the implementation of BIM method for their public construction projects and considered BIM documentation/implementation as a part of their national regulations/codes. So far, there is not such a ground rule/platform in Iran to provide and improve public construction/design contracts based on BIM implementation. This gap makes the management of the generated associated knowledge difficult to capture and eventually would not support the needed effective dissemination of the prospect knowledge. Particularly the practical implementation, the associated knowledge acquisition, and application of BIM remain a major issue, in our case for the renovation projects in Iran, although the related software are in common usage. The ultimate goal of this paper is to gain a more acute perspective into the implementation of Building Information Modeling (BIM) through the renovation of the cultural/historic places/buildings and the related innovative operational approach, addressing various projects around the world by developing a conceptual model as a Knowledge Management System (KMS); it reveals that BIM adaptation for public historical renovations in Iran which not only helps to mitigate the Knowledge Management problems but also attract global actors to participate in the mentioned field beside the platform development of the KM. The establishment of the KMS and the associated dynamism must be through the core management approach and strategy of the contributing enterprises, providing the human, financial and material resources to the process; additionally, it is essential to capture and systematized generated information and knowledge throughout the lifecycle of the renovation projects. The methodology is based on a literature review of the BIM-oriented renovation investigating of the actual projects and the development of a conceptual model toward fulfilling the gap of the key management factors such as indecisive sustainability, weak project execution, unclear or divergent project goals, lack of funding or resources, lack of design and renovation standards, etc. By implementation of BIM as a knowledge-based approach in the renovation of historical and cultural projects, our conceptual model uses BIM as an information exchange framework to manage knowledge in renovation project. The paper concludes with a potential broad discussion of suggestions supporting the adaptation of BIM at the renovation stage of historical projects in Iran based on the research findings.

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