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Faktorer som påverkar livskvaliteten hos patienter med cancer i livets slutskede: En litteraturbaserad studie
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Factors that affect the quality of life of the terminally ill patients with cancer. : A literature based study. (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Cancer är en vanligt förekommande sjukdom där antalet diagnostiserade ökar. Sjuksköterskan kan i sitt yrke möta dessa patienter, därför är det en fördel att få en djupare insikt om dessa patienters upplevelser. I livets slutskede är upplevelsen av livskvalitet av betydelse. Begrepp som är betydelsefulla för livskvaliteten är hälsa, lidande och hopp. Syfte: Studiens syfte var att belysa faktorer som påverkar livskvaliteten i livets slutskede hos patienter med cancer. Metod: En litteraturbaserad studie som utgår från tolv kvalitativa vetenskapliga artiklar. Resultat: Ur analysen framkom tre kategorier; viljan att fortsätta leva som vanligt, känslomässigt förhållande till andra och kunna hantera tankar och känslor om liv och död med nio underkategorier. Diskussion: För patienter medför det utmaningar i livet att insjukna i cancer. Utmaningar består av att hålla fast vid sina rutiner i det dagliga livet, sina relationer, finna mening och vara hoppfull. Konklusion: Studien belyser betydelsen av att vårdpersonal uppmuntrar och stödjer patienten i att hålla fast vid sociala kontakter eftersom sociala relationer är betydande för patientens livskvalitet. Studien påvisar att patienter kan känna sig obekväma när de tvingas tala om döden vid fel tillfälle, därför bör vårdpersonal vara lyhörda kring patientens mottaglighet att samtala om döden.

Abstract [en]

Background: Cancer is a common disease in which the number of diagnosed increases. In the nursing profession it’s possible to encounter this group of patient’s and therefore it’s an advantage to get a deeper insight of these patients' experiences. In the end of this patient’s life the experience of the quality of life is significant. Concepts that are important of the quality of life are health, suffering and hope. Aim: The aim of this study was to illuminate the factors that affect the quality of life of terminally ill patients with cancer. Method: A qualitative literature based study based on twelve qualitative research articles. Results: Three categories emerged from the analysis; the desire of continuing living as usual, emotional relationships to others and be able to manage thoughts and feelings about life and death with nine subcategories. Discussion: For patients, it brings challenges to life by developing cancer. Challenges of sticking to their routines of daily life, their relationships, find meaning and to be hopeful. Conclusion: The study highlights importance of encourage and support from the health professionals to help patient keep their social contacts, because it’s significant for the patient’s quality of life. The study demonstrates that patients may feel uncomfortable when forced to talk about death at the wrong time, therefore health professionals should be more keen about the patient’s susceptibility to talk about death.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 26 p.
Keyword [en]
Cancer, hope, end of life, quality of life, patient's perspective
Keyword [sv]
Cancer, hopp, livets slutskede, livskvalitet, patientperspektiv.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-12310OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-12310DiVA: diva2:932325
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
Nursing - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-09 Created: 2016-06-01 Last updated: 2016-06-09Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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