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Bröstcancer hos kvinnor i fertil ålder: Upplevelser efter mastektomi
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Breast cancer in women in reproductive age : Experiences after mastectomy (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Bröstcancer är den vanligaste cancerformen hos kvinnor. Vid omfattande tumörväxt utförs mastektomi. Hela bröstet inklusive all lymfkörtelvävnad i axillen tas bort. Att få beskedet om att bröstet skall tas bort är en chock och upplevs av många som en livskris. Brösten är en central del i både det fysiska och det psykiska jaget hos de flesta kvinnor. Syfte: Att beskriva upplevelse hos kvinnor i fertil ålder som har genomgått mastektomi. Metod: En kvalitativ litteraturstudie baserad på elva artiklar med kvalitativ ansats. Resultat: I resultatet framkom fem teman: Inverkan på kroppsuppfattning, förändringar i sexuella livet, inverkan på psykiska tillstånd, behov av stöd för att bidra till bra livskvalitet och positiva upplevelser efter cancerbehandlingar. Kvinnor som genomgått mastektomi upplevde negativa förändringar i sin kroppsuppfattning som påverkade flera aspekter i livet såsom sexualitet, partnerskap, föräldraskap och relationer i arbetslivet. Kliniska implikationer: Sjuksköterskans lyhördhet till kvinnor och förståelse av deras kroppsliga och psykosociala förändringar är förutsättningarna för att lindra kvinnornas lidande och främja välbefinnande trots bröstcancersjukdomen och mastektomin.

Abstract [en]

Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women. At extensive tumor growth a mastectomy is performed. The entire breast including all the lymph node tissue in in the armpit is removed. Getting the news that the breast has to be removed is a shock and is perceived by many as a life crisis. The breasts are a central part of both the physical and the mental self of most women. Aim: To describe women of reproductive age experience of having undergone mastectomy. Methods: A qualitative literature study based on eleven articles with qualitative approach was made. Results: The result shows five themes: Influence of body image, changes in sexual life, influence on mental conditions, the need for assistance to obtain a good quality of life and positive experiences after cancer treatments. Women who underwent mastectomy experienced negative changes in their body image that affected many aspects of life such as sexuality, partnership, parenthood and relationships in their professional life. Clinical implications: The nurse's responsiveness to women and understanding of their physical and psychosocial changes are prerequisites to alleviate women's suffering and promote well-being in spite of breast disease and mastectomy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 36 p.
Keyword [en]
Body image, breast cancer, breast reconstruction, experience, fertility, mastectomy.
Keyword [sv]
Bröstcancer, bröstrekonstruktion, fertilitet, kroppsuppfattning, mastectomi, upplevelse.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-11817OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-11817DiVA: diva2:893045
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
Nursing - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-04-28 Created: 2016-01-11 Last updated: 2016-04-28Bibliographically approved

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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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More styles
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