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The Personality Map of Sweden
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Gothenburg, Sweden. (Socialpsykologi)
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Gothenburg, Sweden / University West, Sweden. (Socialpsykologi)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0629-353X
2016 (English)Conference paper, (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Research indicates that personality traits are unevenly distributed geographically, with some traits being more prevalent in certain places than in others. The majority of research in this field has focused on cross-national comparisons, while less attention has been given to variations in personality traits within countries (Rentfrow, Kokela & Lamb, 2015).

More recently, regional personality differences have been mapped in both United States and Great Britain (Rentfrow, Gosling, Jokela, Stillwell, Kosinki & Potter, 2013; Rentfrow, Kokela & Lamb, 2015). The aim of the present study is to map regional personality differences in Sweden.

Using a representative sample of Swedish residents (N = 6154), we mapped the geographical distribution of the Big Five Personality traits across eight national areas (e.g. Stockholm, East Middle Sweden, South Småland and the Islands, South Sweden, West Sweden, North Middle Sweden, Middle Norrland and Upper Norrland).

The result revealed statistically significant associations on national areas and the degree of agreeableness [F (7, 6154) = 4.63, p < .01, partial ƞ² =.005]. Employing the Bonferroni post-hoc test, significant differences (p < .01) were found between South Sweden (M = 2.74) and the Upper Norrland (M = 2.93), and between South Sweden and North Middle Sweden (M = 2.88). Descriptive statistics illustrate a stepwise change toward higher degree of agreeableness, from the South of Sweden to the North of Sweden (Figure 1).

The result revealed statistically significant associations on national areas and the degree of conscientiousness (F (7, 6164) = 2,51, p < .05, partial ƞ² =.003). Employing the Bonferroni post-hoc test, significant (p < .05) differences were found only between Stockholm (M = 2.94) and the Upper Norrland (M = 3.06). 

Insights about regional personality differences within a nation are useful, because such differences are associated with political, economic, social and health outcomes and thereby linked to a regions history, culture and ability to change.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-11680OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-11680DiVA: diva2:869050
Conference
2nd World Conference on Personality, Búzios, Brazil, March 31 to April 4, 2016
Available from: 2015-11-12 Created: 2015-11-12 Last updated: 2016-12-27Bibliographically approved

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Roos, John M.Kajonius, Petri J.
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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  • vancouver
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More styles
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  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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