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Mödrars uppfattning av amningsinformation under graviditeten - ur ett livsvärldsperspektiv
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Mother’s conception of the breastfeeding information received during pregnancy - from a life world perspective (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Amning och bröstmjölk är positivt ur hälsosynpunkt för både mor och barn samt för att främja anknytningen dem emellan. Trots detta minskar amningen i Sverige. Omgivningens stöd och attityder har visats vara en betydande faktor för amning. Ökad kunskap hos vårdpersonal samt moderns deltagande i amningsutbildning under graviditeten kan ge en ökad kunskap om och tillit till amningen samt en mer positiv amningsupplevelse. Människor uppfattar informationen de fått på olika sätt beroende på den livsvärld de lever i. Det är därför viktigt att ta reda på hur kvinnor i Sverige uppfattar den amningsinformation som ges under graviditeten. Syfte: Att undersöka mödrars uppfattning av amningsinformationen de fått under graviditeten. Metod: En fenomenografisk ansats användes i enlighet med Sjöström och Dahlgren (2002). Intervjuer utfördes för att samla in data. Resultat: Kvinnorna hade olika uppfattningar om vilken information de erhållit. De uppfattade att de fått för lite information om amning och att de saknade viss information. Informationen som saknades skilde sig åt mellan dem. Det var lättare att ta till sig amningsinformationen om den gavs på olika sätt och det gav då förutsättning för varje enskild individ att ta till sig informationen på det sätt som passade dem. Kvinnorna trodde att de var redo att amma under graviditeten men var inte tillräckligt förberedda när de väl började amma. Information och kunskap uppfattades som viktigt för att amningen skulle fungera. Konklusion: För att öka chansen att kvinnor ska känna sig förberedda inför att börja amma är det viktigt att amningsinformation ges vid rätt tillfälle och att individualisera informationen utifrån kvinnors individuella behov.

Abstract [en]

Background: Breastfeeding gives health protection both to the infant and the mother and the attachment between mother and child. Despite this breastfeeding has been reduced in Sweden. The surrounding support and attitude is an important factor for breast feeding. If women get thorough information from skilled staff the chance increase that mothers will breastfeed. Participation in breastfeeding education during pregnancy can give a higher knowledge and confidence in breastfeeding. It can also give a more positive breastfeeding experience. Information is received in different ways depending on people's experiences and life-worlds. Thus it is important to find out how women in Sweden assimilate given information during pregnancy. Aim: To examine how mothers have perceived breastfeeding information received during pregnancy. Methods: A phenomenographic perspective in accordance with Sjöström and Dahlgren (2002) was used. Data was collected through interviews. Results: The women had different perceptions of which information that was given. The women perceived that they had only got a small amount of information about breastfeeding and they deemed that there was lack of information about some aspects of breastfeeding. It was easier to perceive the information if it was given in different ways, this enabled each individual to receive the information in a way which suited her. The mothers thought during pregnancy that they were ready to breastfeed but found out that they were not ready when they initiated breastfeeding. Information and knowledge was important for a successful breastfeeding. Conclusion: It is important that the information is given at the right time for the women to have the best chance to be prepared to breastfeed. It is also important to acknowledge the women’s individual needs by giving the information in different ways.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 22 p.
Keyword [en]
breastfeeding, pregnancy, preparations, information, lifeworld, phenomenographi
Keyword [sv]
amning, graviditet, förberedelse, information, livsvärld, fenomenografi
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-11542OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-11542DiVA: diva2:856198
Subject / course
Reproductive, Perinatal and Sexual Health
Educational program
Midwifery - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-02-19 Created: 2015-09-23 Last updated: 2016-02-19Bibliographically approved

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