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Diet and physical activity for children's health: a qualitative study of Nepalese mothers' perceptions
Department of Community Medicine, Kathmandu Medical College, Kathmandu, Nepal / Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Nutrition, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Department of Community Medicine, Kathmandu Medical College, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Department of Community Health Sciences, Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Lalitpur, Nepal.
Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
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2015 (English)In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 5, no 9, e008197Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: Non-communicable diseases account for 50% of all deaths in Nepal and 25% result from cardiovascular diseases. Previous studies in Nepal indicate a high burden of behavioural cardiovascular risk factors, suggesting a low level of knowledge, attitude and practice/behaviour regarding cardiovascular health. The behavioural foundation for a healthy lifestyle begins in early childhood, when mothers play a key role in their children's lives. This qualitative study, conducted in a Nepalese peri-urban community, aimed to explore mothers' perception of their children's diet and physical activity.

DESIGN: We notated, tape-recorded and transcribed all data collected from six focus group discussions, and used qualitative content analysis for evaluation and interpretation.

SETTING: The study was conducted in the Jhaukhel-Duwakot Health Demographic Surveillance Site in the Bhaktapur district of Nepal.

PARTICIPANTS: Local health workers helped recruit 61 women with children aged 5-10 years. We distributed participants among six different groups according to educational status.

RESULTS: Although participants understood the importance of healthy food, they misunderstood its composition, perceiving it as unappetising and appropriate only for sick people. Furthermore, participants did not prioritise their children's physical activities. Moreover, mothers believed they had limited control over their children's dietary habits and physical activity. Finally, they opined that health educational programmes would help mothers and recommended various intervention strategies to increase knowledge regarding a healthy lifestyle.

CONCLUSIONS: Our data reveal that mothers of young children in a peri-urban community of Nepal lack adequate and accurate understanding about the impact of a healthy diet and physical activity. Therefore, to prevent future cardiovascular disease and other non-communicable diseases among children, Nepal needs health education programmes to improve mothers' cardiovascular health knowledge, attitude and behaviour.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMJ Publishing Group Ltd. , 2015. Vol. 5, no 9, e008197
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-11506DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008197ISI: 000360863100036PubMedID: 26351183ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84947803703OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-11506DiVA: diva2:852892
Available from: 2015-09-10 Created: 2015-09-10 Last updated: 2016-06-01Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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