Work-site wellness programmes in Sweden: a cross-sectional study of physical activity, self-efficacy, and health
2015 (English)In: Public Health, ISSN 0033-3506, E-ISSN 1476-5616, Vol. 129, no 5, 525-530 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In Sweden, a work-site wellness programme implies reimbursing some of the expenses for health-promoting activities. Although work-site wellness programmes are readily available in Sweden, a large number of employees elect not to participate.
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the association of physical activity, self-reported general health assessment and self-efficacy with participation in a work-site wellness programme.
STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study design was used.
METHODS: An online questionnaire was distributed to employees of a manufacturing company with 2500 employees in southwest Sweden.
RESULTS: Those who took advantage of the work-site wellness programme assessed their general health as better and had higher assessment of physical activity. The study showed that being enlisted also implies a higher level of physical activity and general health; however, the effect sizes of these correlations were small. Self-efficacy, i.e. perceived behavioural control, was not associated with participation in the work-site wellness programme. However, self-efficacy was correlated with both general health assessment and physical activity. A regression analysis to determine explanatory contributions to the general health assessment score showed no significant contribution from participation in a work-site wellness programme, but was instead explained by perceived behavioural control and physical activity.
CONCLUSIONS: Given the small effect size of the difference in physical activity between participators and non-participators in the work-site wellness programme, it is probable that only a small proportion of participators changed their health-promoting activities as a result of the work-site wellness programme.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015. Vol. 129, no 5, 525-530 p.
Perceived behavioural control, Physical activity, Self-efficacy, Theory of planned behaviour
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-10850DOI: 10.1016/j.puhe.2015.01.023ISI: 000355146400015PubMedID: 25749670ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84930273121OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-10850DiVA: diva2:807001