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Dark and bright values: The Dark Triad and empathy relating to universal values
University of Skövde, School of Bioscience. University of Skövde, The Systems Biology Research Centre. (Kognitiv Neurovetenskap och Filosofi, Cognitive Neuroscience and Philosophy)
University West, Sweden / University of Gothenburg, Sweden. (Socialpsykologi)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0629-353X
2016 (English)Conference paper, (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

There is an emphasis on self-enhancing values in present-day society. Empathy is shown to be declining and callousness increasing.This two-study research set out to analyze dark personality traits (Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy) and brightpersonality traits (emotional and cognitive empathy), and their predictive validity on universal value types. Using a sample ofSwedes and Americans (N = 385), the Dark Triad (SD3) correlated significantly with all value types (Schwartz’s 10 values), forminga sinusoid pattern which aligned with the circumplex value model. Machiavellianism and narcissism were positively associated withthe self-enhancing values Achievement and Power, while psychopathy was positively associated with the self-enhancing valuesHedonism and Power. Using a middle-aged US sample, cognitive and emotional empathy (IRI) were positively related to the selftranscendingvalues of Universalism and Benevolence and negatively with the self-enhancement values of Achievement and Power.In addition, both the dark and bright personality traits explained significant variance over the basic Big Five traits in universal values.Given the complex of values accounted for, we argue that these results account for a system of self-enhancing “dark values” andself-transcending “bright values”. This research highlights that certain universal values of individual and societal relevance can bepredicted by personality traits.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. 112- p.
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-10514OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-10514DiVA: diva2:779033
Conference
2nd World Conference on Personality Psychology, March 31 to April 4, 2016, Búzios, Brazil
Available from: 2015-01-12 Created: 2015-01-12 Last updated: 2016-12-28Bibliographically approved

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Persson, Björn N.Kajonius, Petri J.
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf