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Intimate Partner Violence against Women in Nepal: An Analysis through Individual, Empowerment, Family and Societal Level Factors
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education. Centre for Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion (CIPSP), School of Health & Medical Sciences, Department of Public Health Science, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden. (Kvinna, barn och familj, Woman, child and family)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7393-796X
School of Public Health, Key Laboratory of Public Health Safety, Ministry of Education, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. WHO CC Community Safety Promotion, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
2014 (English)In: Journal of Research in Health Sciences, ISSN 1682-2765, Vol. 14, no 4, 251-257 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: The current study estimated the national prevalence rate of intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) in Nepal. Besides, the individual level, empowerment level, family and societal level factors were assessed to relate with the victims of IPAVW in Nepal.

METHODS: Nationally representative sample of 4210 women of reproductive age (15-49 yr) were included in the study. Household surveys using two stage sampling procedures, face to face interview with pre-tested questionnaires were performed. Emotional, physical and sexual violence were target variables. A violence variable was constructed from these three types of violence. Individual level factors were measured by age, residency, education, religion and husband's education. Empowerment factors included employment status and various decision making elements. Family and societal factors included economic status, neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage index, history of family violence, husband's controlling behavior and other issues. Cross tabulation with chi-square tests and multivariate logistic regression were employed.

RESULTS: Prevalence of emotional IPVAW was 17.5%, physical IPAVW 23.4% and sexual IPAVW 14.7%. Overall the prevalence of IPVAW in Nepal was 32.4%. Joint decision making for contraception, husband's non-controlling behavior to wives and friendly feelings were emerged as less likely to be IPVAW perpetration.

CONCLUSIONS: The findings have immense policy importance as a nationally representative study and indicating necessity of more gender equality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hamadan University of Medical Sciences , 2014. Vol. 14, no 4, 251-257 p.
Keyword [en]
Educational Status, Empowerment, Nepal, Risk Factors, Spouse Abuse, Women’s Health
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Medical sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-10499PubMedID: 25503278ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84919382717OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-10499DiVA: diva2:775737
Available from: 2015-01-05 Created: 2015-01-05 Last updated: 2016-06-23Bibliographically approved

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