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Recurrent processing enhances visual awareness but is not necessary for fast categorization of natural scenes
University of Turku, Finland.
University of Skövde.
University of Skövde, School of Bioscience. University of Skövde, The Systems Biology Research Centre. (Kognitiv neurovetenskap och filosofi, Cognitive Neuroscience and Philosophy)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2771-1588
2014 (English)In: Journal of cognitive neuroscience, ISSN 0898-929X, E-ISSN 1530-8898, Vol. 26, no 2, 223-231 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Humans are rapid in categorizing natural scenes. Electrophysiological recordings reveal that scenes containing animals can be categorized within 150 msec, which has been interpreted to indicate that feedforward flow of information from V1 to higher visual areas is sufficient for visual categorization. However, recent studies suggest that recurrent interactions between higher and lower levels in the visual hierarchy may also be involved in categorization. To clarify the role of recurrent processing in scene categorization, we recorded EEG and manipulated recurrent processing with object substitution masking while the participants performed a go/no-go animal/nonanimal categorization task. The quality of visual awareness was measured with a perceptual awareness scale after each trial. Masking reduced the clarity of perceptual awareness, slowed down categorization speed for scenes that were not clearly perceived, and reduced the electrophysiological difference elicited by animal and nonanimal scenes after 150 msec. The results imply that recurrent processes enhance the resolution of conscious representations and thus support categorization of stimuli that are difficult to categorize on the basis of the coarse feedforward representations alone.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MIT Press, 2014. Vol. 26, no 2, 223-231 p.
Keyword [en]
adult, animal experiment, article, awareness, brain electrophysiology, classification, controlled study, electroencephalogram, feedback system, female, human, human experiment, image processing, male, nonhuman, normal human, priority journal, striate cortex, task performance, velocity, vision, visual masking, young adult
National Category
Natural Sciences
Research subject
Natural sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-10453DOI: 10.1162/jocn_a_00486ISI: 000329162600002PubMedID: 24047378ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84891438271OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-10453DiVA: diva2:773418
Available from: 2014-12-18 Created: 2014-12-18 Last updated: 2016-04-28Bibliographically approved

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Kastrati, GranitRevonsuo, Antti
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